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Endocrine disruptors

A M Cardoso, M G Alves, P P Mathur, P F Oliveira, J E Cavaco, L Rato
In the last decades, several studies evidenced a decrease in male fertility in developed countries. Although the aetiology of this trend in male reproductive health remains a matter of debate, environmental compounds that predispose to weight gain, namely obesogens, are appointed as contributors because of their action as endocrine disruptors. Obesogens favour adipogenesis by an imbalance of metabolic processes and can be found virtually everywhere. These compounds easily accumulate in tissues with high lipid content...
October 24, 2016: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Maurizio Forte, Luigi Mita, Rosa Perrone, Sergio Rossi, Mario Argirò, Damiano Gustavo Mita, Marco Guida, Marianna Portaccio, Tzonka Godievargova, Yavour Ivanov, Mahmoud T Tamer, Ahmed M Omer, Mohamed S Mohy Eldin
The removal of methylparaben (MP), a well-known endocrine disruptor, from aqueous solutions using polyacrylonitrile (PAN) beads has been studied under batch conditions, at room temperature and at different initial MP concentrations. The kinetic and equilibrium results have been analyzed. Kinetic modeling analysis has been carried out with three different types of adsorption models: pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, and Elovich model. Kinetic data analysis indicated that the adsorption was a second-order process...
October 22, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Karolina Kowalska, Dominika Ewa Habrowska-Górczyńska, Agnieszka Wanda Piastowska-Ciesielska
Zearalenone (ZEA), a fungal mycotoxin, is present in a wide range of human foods. Many animal studies have found ZEA to possess a disruptive effect on the hormonal balance, mainly due to its similarity to naturally-occurring estrogens. With increasing consciousness of the adverse effects of endocrine disruptors on human health, it is becoming more important to monitor ZEA concentrations in food and identify its potential effects on human health. Based on a review of recent studies on animal models and molecular pathways in which ZEA is reported to have an influence on humans, we postulate that ZEA might act as an endocrine disruptor in humans in a similar way to animals...
October 18, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Ziliang Wang, Dekun Li, Maohua Miao, Hong Liang, Jianping Chen, Zhijun Zhou, Chunhua Wu, Wei Yuan
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an environmental endocrine disruptor and is found in many consumer products. Animal studies suggest that BPA may perturb pubertal development in males, although studies in humans are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between BPA exposure and pubertal onset and progression among school-aged boys in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A total of 671 boys aged 9-18 years from three schools (one elementary, one middle, and one high school) in Shanghai were enrolled in a cross-sectional study...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Nina Holland
Environmental research and public health in the 21st century face serious challenges such as increased air pollution and global warming, widespread use of potentially harmful chemicals including pesticides, plasticizers, and other endocrine disruptors, and radical changes in nutrition and lifestyle typical of modern societies. In particular, exposure to environmental and occupational toxicants may contribute to the occurrence of adverse birth outcomes, neurodevelopmental deficits, and increased risk of cancer and other multifactorial diseases such as diabetes and asthma...
October 21, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
Ishfaq A Sheikh, Iftikhar A Tayubi, Ejaz Ahmad, Majid A Ganaie, Osama S Bajouh, Samera F AlBasri, Ibtihal M J Abdulkarim, Mohd A Beg
Environmental contamination has been one of the major drawbacks of the industrial revolution. Several man-made chemicals are constantly released into the environment during the manufacturing process and by leaching from the industrial products. As a result, human and animal populations are exposed to these synthetic chemicals on a regular basis. Many of these chemicals have adverse effects on the physiological functions, particularly on the hormone systems in human and animals and are called endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs)...
October 14, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Catherine Bennetau-Pelissero
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The estrogenic effects of genistein, as reconfirmed by the American National Toxicology Program (USA-NTP), have led to several new clinical studies being undertaken. Here, we highlight the most relevant recent data, reporting either beneficial or adverse effects. RECENT FINDINGS: Phytoestrogens are natural molecules from edible plants exhibiting estrogenic activities. Post-USA-NTP studies investigated both human and animal reproductive and other physiological issues...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
David Holmes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 17, 2016: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
Julio C López-Doval, Cassiana C Montagner, Anjaína Fernandes de Alburquerque, Viviane Moschini-Carlos, Gisela Umbuzeiro, Marcelo Pompêo
Reservoirs located in urban areas suffer specific pressures related to human activities. Their monitoring, management, and protection requirements differ from reservoirs situated in non-urbanized areas. The objectives of this study were: (a) to determine the concentrations of select pesticides and emerging pollutants (EPs) present in an urban reservoir; (b) to describe their possible spatial distributions; and (c) to quantify the risks for aquatic life and safeguard drinking water supplies. For this purpose, the Guarapiranga reservoir was studied as an example of a multi-stressed urban reservoir in a tropical region...
October 13, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
Yves J R Menezo, Erica Silvestris, Brian Dale, Kay Elder
The negative effect of oxidative stress on the human reproductive process is no longer a matter for debate. Oxidative stress affects female and male gametes and the developmental capacity of embryos. Its effect can continue through late stages of pregnancy. Metabolic disorders and psychiatric problems can also be caued by DNA methylation and epigenetic errors. Age has a negative effect on oxidative stress and DNA methylation, and recent observations suggest that older men are at risk of transmitting epigenetic disorders to their offspring...
September 27, 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
A Mas, L Stone, P M O'Connor, Q Yang, D T Kleven, C Simon, C L Walker, A Al-Hendy
Despite the high prevalence and major negative impact of uterine fibroids (UFs) on women's health, their pathogenesis remains largely unknown. While tumor initiating cells (TICs) have been previously isolated from UFs, the cell of origin for these tumors in normal myometrium has not been identified. We isolated cells with Stro1/CD44 surface markers from normal myometrium expressing stem cell markers Oct-4/c-kit/nanog that exhibited the properties of myometrial stem/progenitor-like cells (MSCs). Using a murine model for UFs, we showed that the cervix was a hypoxic "niche" and primary site (96%) for fibroid development in these animals...
October 14, 2016: Stem Cells
Todd Hagobian, Allison Smouse, Mikaela Streeter, Chloe Wurst, Andrew Schaffner, Suzanne Phelan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that women have higher concentrations of the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA), but an intervention to reduce BPA is lacking in women. To test the hypothesis that an intervention to reduce BPA would decrease urinary BPA concentrations over 3 weeks, 24 women (mean ± standard deviation [SD]; 22.1 ± 2.8 kg/m(2) body mass index, 20.9 ± 1.5 years) were randomly assigned to an intervention or control. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The intervention included weekly face-to-face meetings to reduce BPA exposures from food, cosmetics, and other packaged products...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Hideoki Fukuoka, Fumihiro Sata
Epigenetic modification takes place in many types of environment. Undesirable epigenetic changes for the postnatal life at the developmental stage are induced in utero by exposure to harsh environment such as endocrine disruptors, severe psychological stress and insufficient or excessive nutrition. Some of these changes continues even for a long time after birth from womb to tomb. Under these circumstances with an unhealthy life style, such as higher caloric intake, insufficient exercise, or stress, there is a higher risk of developing various illnesses including lifestyle-related diseases, such as essential hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, psychological disorders and cancers...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
Binxin Xia, Lihong Wang, Lijun Nie, Qing Zhou, Xiaohua Huang
Bisphenol A (BPA), an environmental endocrine disruptor, is an important industrial raw material. The wide use of BPA has increased the risk of BPA release into the environment, and it has become a new environmental pollutant. In this work, the ecological deleterious effects of this new pollutant on soybean roots at different growth stages were investigated by determining the contents of mineral elements (P, K, Ca, and Mg) and analyzing root activity and the activities of critical respiratory enzymes (hexokinase, phosphofructokinase, pyruvate kinase, and isocitrate dehydrogenase)...
October 6, 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Yu-Nv Dai, Dan A, Yang Yang, Nora Fung-Yee Tam, Yiping Tai, Xiaoyan Tang
This study investigated the efficiency of 12 pilot-scale constructed wetlands (CWs) with different configurations on the removal of estrone and estradiol from raw domestic sewage. An orthogonal design was employed to evaluate the impact of four principal design parameters of CWs, including four wetland types, three substrates, three plant conditions and three hydraulic loading rates, in summer and winter. A bench-scale anoxic simulation test was performed in the laboratory to clarify the photolysis, sorption, and degradation of estrogens...
October 10, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Ivonne M C M Rietjens, Jochem Louisse, Karsten Beekmann
Phytoestrogens are plant-derived dietary compounds with structural similarity to 17-β-estradiol (E2), the primary female sex hormone. This structural similarity to E2 enables phytoestrogens to cause (anti)estrogenic effects by binding to the estrogen receptors. The aim of the present review is to present a state-of-the-art overview of the the potential health effects of dietary phytoestrogens. Various beneficial health effects have been ascribed to phytoestrogens, such as a lowered risk on menopausal symptoms like hot flushes and osteoporosis, lowered risks on cardiovascular disease, obesity, metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, brain function disorders, breast cancer, prostate cancer, bowel cancer and other cancers...
October 9, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Weifeng Shen, Wei Han, Yunong Li, Zhiqi Meng, Leiming Cai, Liang Li
Silkworm (Bombyx mori) is a very useful target insect for evaluation of endocrine disruptor chemicals (EDCs) due to mature breeding techniques, complete endocrine system and broad basic knowledge on developmental biology. Comparative metabolomics of silkworms with and without EDC exposure offers another dimension of studying EDCs. In this work, we report a workflow on metabolomic profiling of silkworm hemolymph based on high-performance chemical isotope labeling (CIL) liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and demonstrate its application in studying the metabolic changes associated with the pesticide dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) exposure in silkworm...
October 26, 2016: Analytica Chimica Acta
Patrice Dufour, Catherine Pirard, Corinne Charlier
Over the last decades, more and more studies focused on the impact of endocrine disruptors on the environment and human health. Among them, phenolic organohalogens (POHs) are a particular concern because of their structural resemblance with natural hormones. There are different methods that are known to quantify these compounds in human serum, however, the current extraction techniques are long, fastidious and using harmfull chemicals such as diazomethane and sulfuric acid. Consequently, we developed an alternative, sensitive and faster method to simultaneously quantify pentachlorophenol (PCP), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), 4 bromophenols, 7 hydroxypolychlorinated biphenyls (OH-PCBs) and 3 hydroxy-polybrominated diphenyl ether (OH-PBDEs) in human serum sample...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Gita Saini, Shalini Pant, Shri Om Singh, A A Kazmi, Tanveer Alam
Phthalates are endocrine-disrupting chemicals which affect endocrine system by bio-accumulation in aquatic organisms and produce adverse health effects in aquatic organisms as well as human beings, when come in contact. Present study focuses on occurrence and removal of two phthalates: diethylphthalate (DEP) and dibutylphthalate (DBP) in two full-scale wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) i.e. sewage treatment plants (STPs) based on well-adopted technologies, activated sludge process (ASP) and sequencing batch reactor (SBR)...
November 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Marisa Morgan, Alok Deoraj, Quentin Felty, Deodutta Roy
BACKGROUND: Estrogen-mimicking endocrine disruptors (EEDs) such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), bisphenol A (BPA), and phthalates have been found ubiquitously throughout our environment. Although exposure to EEDs has the ability to interfere with endocrine control of reproductive function and development in both humans and wildlife, inconsistent reports have made it difficult to draw conclusions concerning the hypothesized increased risk of breast cancer associated with EEDs. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-sectional relationship between exposure to PCBs, BPA or phthalates; and risk of breast cancer in U...
October 4, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
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