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Endocrine disruptors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145569/immune-system-an-emerging-player-in-mediating-effects-of-endocrine-disruptors-on-metabolic-health
#1
Amita Bansal, Jorge Henao Mejia, Rebecca A Simmons
The incidence of metabolic disorders like type 2 diabetes and obesity continue to increase. In addition to the well-known contributors such as food intake and sedentary lifestyle, recent research in the exposure science discipline provides new evidence that exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals like bisphenol A and phthalates via multiple routes (food, drink and skin contact) also contribute to the increased risk of metabolic disorders. Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can disrupt any aspect of hormone action...
November 14, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139221/evaluation-of-hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid-axis-function-by-chronic-perchlorate-exposure-in-male-rats
#2
Caroline Serrano-Nascimento, Jamile Calil-Silveira, Rafael Dalbosco, Telma Tenorio Zorn, Maria Tereza Nunes
Perchlorate is a widespread endocrine disruptor that was previously correlated with increased serum TSH levels and decreased thyroid hormones production both in animals and humans. Even so, the regulation of gene/protein expression in the hypothalamus, pituitary and thyroid by chronic perchlorate exposure was not completely elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanisms involved in the disruption of hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis by chronic perchlorate exposure. Male Wistar rats were treated or not with NaClO4 in the drinking water (35 mg/Kg/day) for 60 days...
November 15, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137783/probing-the-radical-chemistry-and-the-reaction-zone-during-the-sono-degradation-of-endocrine-disruptor-2-phenoxyethanol-in-water
#3
Zineb Boutamine, Oualid Hamdaoui, Slimane Merouani
Sonochemical degradation at 600 kHz of 2-phenoxyethanol (PhE), an endocrine disrupting compound, was performed in the presence of several organic additives, namely: 2-propanol, Triton X-100 and sucrose, of different volatilities to obtain detailed information on the reaction zone and the oxidation pathway of this priority emerging water contaminate. It was found that sonication at 600 kHz and 120 W completely remove PhE (10 mg L(-1)) from aerated solutions within 100 min of irradiation. Very little removal of PhE (∼7%) and low accumulation of H2O2 took place in the presence of adequate amount of 2-propanol, indicating that reaction with OH radical outside the bubble is the major degradation pathway of PhE...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137705/novel-approach-to-high-throughput-determination-of-endocrine-disruptors-using-recycled-diatomaceous-earth-as-a-green-sorbent-phase-for-thin-film-solid-phase-microextraction-combined-with-96-well-plate-system
#4
Nicolas Kirschner, Adriana Neves Dias, Dilma Budziak, Cristian Berto da Silveira, Josias Merib, Eduardo Carasek
A sustainable approach to TF-SPME is presented using recycled diatomaceous earth, obtained from a beer purification process, as a green sorbent phase for the determination of bisphenol A (BPA), benzophenone (BzP), triclocarban (TCC), 4-methylbenzylidene camphor (4-MBC) and 2-ethylhexyl-p-methoxycinnamate (EHMC) in environmental water samples. TF-SPME was combined with a 96-well plate system allowing for high-throughput analysis due to the simultaneous extraction/desorption up to 96 samples. The proposed sorbent phase exhibited good stability in organic solvents, as well as satisfactory analytical performance...
December 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136846/determination-of-bisphenols-with-estrogenic-activity-in-plastic-packaged-baby-food-samples-using-solid-liquid-extraction-and-clean-up-with-dispersive-sorbents-followed-by-gas-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-analysis
#5
M T García-Córcoles, M Cipa, R Rodríguez-Gómez, A Rivas, F Olea-Serrano, J L Vílchez, A Zafra-Gómez
Bisphenols (BPs) are a family of chemicals with known endocrine disrupting activity. Bisphenol A (BPA) is the most representative prototype of this group of chemicals. Recently, the use of BPA, a prototype of endocrine disruptors, has been reduced and replaced with structural analogs due to its negative effects on both the environment and consumers. In this work, a new method is presented for the determination of seven BPs, with estrogenic activity in ready-to-eat plastic packaged baby foods. The procedure involves the isolation of the analytes using solid-liquid phase extraction with acetonitrile followed by a clean-up step with a mixture of dispersive-SPE sorbents (C18 and PSA) and magnesium sulphate, to reduce matrix effect from proteins, sugars and lipids...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132025/micro-quechers-extraction-coupled-to-gc-ms-for-a-fast-determination-of-bisphenol-a-in-human-urine
#6
Luísa Correia-Sá, Sónia Norberto, Cristina Delerue-Matos, Conceição Calhau, Valentina F Domingues
Bisphenol A (BPA) is considered an endocrine disruptor and public concern over BPA exposure has been raised. Several studies have assessed human exposure to this plasticizer, confirming its ubiquitous presence and highlighting children as a public of special concern. A simple, efficient, cheap and green analytical procedure is reported within this paper. This paper reports, for the first time, the development of a modified Micro-QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged and Safe) method coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) as a new strategy for the efficient extraction and determination of Bisphenol A in human urine samples...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126515/endocrine-disruptors-eds-and-hormone-dependent-cancers-correlation-or-causal-relationship
#7
Henri Rochefort
The selective increase in the incidence of hormone-dependent cancers (breast, prostate, testicular) in industrialized countries is associated with the increasing number of endocrine disruptors (EDs) in the environment and raises questions about the role of EDs in mammary carcinogenesis. Answering these questions is difficult because the number of EDs is large and varies with time. Moreover hormonal carcinogenesis is multifactorial and progresses slowly and in stages. This discussion will be limited to breast cancer and three EDs: distilbene, bisphenol A (BPA), and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT)...
September 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126514/structural-and-functional-evidences-for-the-interactions-between-nuclear-hormone-receptors-and-endocrine-disruptors-at-low-doses
#8
Patrick Balaguer, Vanessa Delfosse, Marina Grimaldi, William Bourguet
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) represent a broad class of exogenous substances that cause adverse effects in the endocrine system mainly by interacting with nuclear hormone receptors (NRs). Humans are generally exposed to low doses of pollutants, and current researches aim at deciphering the mechanisms accounting for the health impact of EDCs at environmental concentrations. Our correlative analysis of structural, interaction and cell-based data has revealed a variety of, sometimes unexpected, binding modes, reflecting a wide range of EDC affinities and specificities...
September 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126513/endocrine-disruptors-revisiting-concepts-and-dogma-in-toxicology
#9
Robert Barouki
During the last decades, a large number of observations have shown that some exogenous substances could interfere with hormone levels or hormone action and could induce toxic effects. This has led to the identification of endocrine disruptors more than 25 years ago as a new class of toxic agents (Zoeller et al., 2014). Those widely used agents correspond to a variety of chemical classes, are not identified by their chemical structure or by a specific type of usage, but rather by their mechanisms of action; this is not unprecedented in toxicology since genotoxicants have also been identified by their mechanism of action, i...
September 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126512/what-is-an-endocrine-disruptor
#10
Claude Monneret
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) and potential EDCs are mostly man-made found in various materials. By interfering with the body's endocrine system, endocrine disruptors produce adverse developmental, reproductive, neurological, and immune effects in humans, abnormal growth patterns and neurodevelopmental delays in children. Thus, diethylstilbestrol (DES) a non-steroidal estrogen, which is regarded as a proof of concept, induces clear cell carcinoma among young women. EDCS may be found in plastic bottles and metal food cans (BPA), medical devices (phthalates), detergents, flame retardants (polybrominated diphenyl ethers), food (BPA), toys (phthalates), cosmetics and drugs (parabens), and pesticides (alkyl phenols such as nonylphenol)...
September 2017: Comptes Rendus Biologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126303/inhibition-of-the-mitochondrial-pyruvate-carrier-by-tolylfluanid
#11
Yana Chen, Kyle S McCommis, Daniel Ferguson, Angela M Hall, Charles A Harris, Brian N Finck
Several recent studies have suggested that compounds known as endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can promote obesity by serving as ligands for nuclear receptors, including the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). Thiazolidinedione insulin sensitizers, which act as ligands for PPARγ, also interact with and regulate the activity of the mitochondrial pyruvate carrier (MPC). We evaluated whether several EDCs might also affect MPC activity. Most of the EDCs evaluated did not acutely affect pyruvate metabolism...
November 8, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126168/endocrine-disruptors-and-developmental-origins-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#12
Lindsey S Treviño, Tiffany A Katz
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a growing epidemic worldwide, particularly in countries that consume a Western diet, and can lead to life-threatening conditions such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). With increasing prevalence of NAFLD in both children and adults, an understanding of the factors that promote NAFLD development and progression is crucial. Environmental agents, including endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), that have been linked to other diseases may play a role in NAFLD development...
November 6, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119384/tributyltin-advancing-the-science-on-assessing-endocrine-disruption-with-an-unconventional-endocrine-disrupting-compound
#13
Laurent Lagadic, Ioanna Katsiadaki, Ron Biever, Patrick D Guiney, Natalie Karouna-Renier, Tamar Schwarz, James P Meador
Tributyltin (TBT) has been recognized as an endocrine disrupting chemical (EDC) for several decades. However, only in the last decade, was its primary endocrine mechanism of action (MeOA) elucidated-interactions with the nuclear retinoid-X receptor (RXR), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), and their heterodimers. This molecular initiating event (MIE) alters a range of reproductive, developmental, and metabolic pathways at the organism level. It is noteworthy that a variety of MeOAs have been proposed over the years for the observed endocrine-type effects of TBT; however, convincing data for the MIE was provided only recently and now several researchers have confirmed and refined the information on this MeOA...
November 9, 2017: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107228/comparison-of-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo-bioassays-to-measure-thyroid-hormone-disrupting-activity-in-water-extracts
#14
Frederic D L Leusch, Natalie H Aneck-Hahn, Jo-Anne E Cavanagh, David Du Pasquier, Timo Hamers, Armelle Hebert, Peta A Neale, Marco Scheurer, Steven O Simmons, Merijn Schriks
Environmental chemicals can induce thyroid disruption through a number of mechanisms including altered thyroid hormone biosynthesis and transport, as well as activation and inhibition of the thyroid receptor. In the current study six in vitro bioassays indicative of different mechanisms of thyroid disruption and one whole animal in vivo assay were applied to 9 model compounds and 4 different water samples (treated wastewater, surface water, drinking water and ultra-pure lab water; both unspiked and spiked with model compounds) to determine their ability to detect thyroid active compounds...
October 21, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102757/response-of-xenografts-of-developing-human-female-reproductive-tracts-to-the-synthetic-estrogen-diethylstilbestrol
#15
Gerald R Cunha, Takeshi Kurita, Mei Cao, Joel Shen, Stanley J Robboy, Laurence Baskin
Human female fetal reproductive tracts 9.5-22 weeks of gestation were grown for 1 month in ovariectomized athymic adult female mouse hosts that were either untreated or treated continuously with diethylstilbestrol (DES) via subcutaneous pellet. Normal morphogenesis and normal patterns of differentiation marker expression (KRT6, KRT7, KRT8, KRT10, KRT14, KRT19, ESR1, PGR, TP63, RUNX1, ISL1, HOXA11 and α-ACT2) were observed in xenografts grown in untreated hosts and mimicked observations of previously reported (Cunha et al...
October 4, 2017: Differentiation; Research in Biological Diversity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101780/thyroid-disrupting-effects-of-halogenated-and-next-generation-chemicals-on-the-swim-bladder-development-of-zebrafish
#16
Amy Godfrey, Blair Hooser, Ahmed Abdelmoneim, Katharine A Horzmann, Jennifer L Freemanc, Maria S Sepúlveda
Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) can alter thyroid function and adversely affect growth and development. Halogenated compounds, such as perfluorinated chemicals commonly used in food packaging, and brominated flame retardants used in a broad range of products from clothing to electronics, can act as thyroid disruptors. Due to the adverse effects of these compounds, there is a need for the development of safer next generation chemicals. The objective of this study was to test the thyroid disruption potential of old use and next generation halogenated chemicals...
October 28, 2017: Aquatic Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101049/potentialities-of-active-membranes-with-immobilized-laccase-for-bisphenol-a-degradation
#17
Carlos Barrios-Estrada, Magdalena de Jesús Rostro-Alanis, Ana Luisa Parra, Marie-Pierre Belleville, Jose Sanchez-Marcano, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Roberto Parra-Saldívar
Herein, we report the development of immobilized laccase based membrane bioreactor as a novel bio-catalytic system for the degradation of emerging endocrine disruptor i.e., Bisphenol A. Two laccase forms i.e. (1) in-house isolated and purified from an indigenous white-rot fungi Pycnoporus sanguineus (CS43) and (2) Trametes versicolor (commercial laccase from Sigma-Aldrich(®)) were immobilized on a multi-channel ceramic membrane (1.4μm in diameter) using 4% glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent. The immobilization yield and bisphenol A degradation activities of immobilized laccases were recorded at various pH levels...
October 31, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097150/prenatal-bisphenol-a-bpa-exposure-alters-the-transcriptome-of-the-neonate-rat-amygdala-in-a-sex-specific-manner-a-clarity-bpa-consortium-study
#18
Sheryl E Arambula, Dereje Jima, Heather B Patisaul
Bisphenol A (BPA) is a widely recognized endocrine disruptor prevalent in many household items. Because experimental and epidemiological data suggest links between prenatal BPA exposure and altered affective behaviors in children, even at levels below the current US FDA No Observed Adverse Effect Level (NOAEL) of 5mg/kg body weight (bw)/day, there is concern that early life exposure may alter neurodevelopment. The current study was conducted as part of the CLARITY-BPA (Consortium Linking Academic and Regulatory Insights on BPA Toxicity) program and examined the full amygdalar transcriptome on postnatal day (PND) 1, with the hypothesis that prenatal BPA exposure would alter the expression of genes and pathways fundamental to sex-specific affective behaviors...
October 28, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096312/tracking-major-endocrine-disruptors-in-coastal-waters-using-an-integrative-approach-coupling-field-based-study-and-hydrodynamic-modeling
#19
Elvis Genbo Xu, S N Chan, K W Choi, Joseph H W Lee, Kenneth M Y Leung
Many of the world's large coastal cities discharge partially treated wastewater effluents containing various endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) to coastal environments. Nonylphenols (NP) and bisphenol A (BPA) were found to be the most abundant EDCs in sewage effluents in Hong Kong. The environmental fate and ecological risk of these two EDCs remains largely unknown, particular for coastal systems with complex hydrodynamic flows. Based on a validated three-dimensional (3D) multiple-scale hydrodynamic model, a field-based study was conducted to track the two EDCs from potential sources to the only marine reserve in Hong Kong...
October 30, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093374/-molecular-mechanism-whereby-maternal-exposure-to-dioxin-suppresses-sexual-maturation-of-the-offspring-after-growing-up
#20
Tomoki Takeda
 Dioxins, including 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), are responsible for producing serious toxic effects in the next generation, such as sexual immaturity. Our laboratory found that treating pregnant rats on gestational day 15 with TCDD (1 μg/kg orally) targets pituitary luteinizing hormone (LH) to attenuate testicular steroidogenesis in fetuses. Because sex steroids during a short window ("the critical period") in the perinatal stage stimulate brain differentiation closely linked to sexual maturation, it is likely that TCDD imprints sexual immaturity on the offspring due to the lowered expression of LH during the fetal period...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
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