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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421865/it-s-not-all-about-moral-reasoning-understanding-the-content-of-moral-case-deliberation
#1
Mia Svantesson, Marit Silén, Inger James
BACKGROUND: Moral Case Deliberation is one form of clinical ethics support described as a facilitator-led collective moral reasoning by healthcare professionals on a concrete moral question connected to their practice. Evaluation research is needed, but, as human interaction is difficult to standardise, there is a need to capture the content beyond moral reasoning. This allows for a better understanding of Moral Case Deliberation, which may contribute to further development of valid outcome criteria and stimulate the normative discussion of what Moral Case Deliberation should contain...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393559/work-worksites-and-wellbeing-among-north-american-indian-women-a-qualitative-study
#2
Karina Christiansen, Preety Gadhoke, Marla Pardilla, Joel Gittelsohn
The purpose of this study was to understand what factors influenced work-family balance and related health behaviors among a sample of rural North American Indian women. We interviewed 89 women through both in-depth interviews and focus groups across four tribal communities in the American Southwest and Upper Midwest between July 2010 and August 2011. Interviews were transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes related to work- family demands placed on women and resources available to cope with those demands...
April 10, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371824/workplace-bullying-and-presenteeism-the-path-through-emotional-exhaustion-and-psychological-wellbeing
#3
Mariana Neto, Aristides I Ferreira, Luis F Martinez, Paula C Ferreira
Objective: Workplace bullying is an increasing phenomenon that concerns managers and employees. However, few studies have investigated how workplace bullying relates with work-related exhaustion and indicators of productivity loss due to presenteeism. Thus, the aim of the present study was to examine the intervening variables of emotional exhaustion and psychological wellbeing in the direct and indirect relationships between workplace bullying and indicators of productivity loss due to presenteeism...
March 24, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337368/do-personality-and-organizational-politics-predict-workplace-victimization-a-study-among-ghanaian-employees
#4
Kwesi Amponsah-Tawiah, Francis Annor
BACKGROUND: Workplace victimization is considered a major social stressor with significant implications for the wellbeing of employees and organizations. The aim of this study was to examine the influences of employees' personality traits and organizational politics on workplace victimization among Ghanaian employees. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, data were collected from 631 employees selected from diverse occupations through convenience sampling. Data collection tools were standardized questionnaires that measured experiences of negative acts at work (victimization), the Big Five personality traits, and organizational politics...
March 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188998/midwives-experiences-of-working-in-an-obstetric-high-dependency-unit-a-qualitative-study
#5
Isabelle J Eadie, Nicolette F Sheridan
OBJECTIVES: to understand the challenges experienced by midwives providing obstetric high dependency care and identify the training they perceive is needed for work in an obstetric high dependency unit. DESIGN: sixteen midwives who worked in the obstetric high dependency unit participated in one of three focus groups. Focus groups lasted 60-90minutes and were conducted in the workplace and facilitated by author (IE). Data were digitally recorded, transcribed and analysed manually by author (IE), specifically using a 'codebook' model to generate codes, categories and themes...
January 21, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154546/the-role-and-reprocessing-of-attitudes-in-fostering-employee-work-happiness-an-intervention-study
#6
Paige Williams, Margaret L Kern, Lea Waters
This intervention study examines the iterative reprocessing of explicit and implicit attitudes as the process underlying associations between positive employee attitudes (PsyCap), perception of positive organization culture (organizational virtuousness, OV), and work happiness. Using a quasi-experimental design, a group of school staff (N = 69) completed surveys at three time points. After the first assessment, the treatment group (n = 51) completed a positive psychology training intervention. Results suggest that employee PsyCap, OV, and work happiness are associated with one another through both implicit and explicit attitudes...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146056/migration-and-health-in-the-construction-industry-culturally-centering-voices-of-bangladeshi-workers-in-singapore
#7
Mohan J Dutta
Construction workers globally face disproportionate threats to health and wellbeing, constituted by the nature of the work they perform. The workplace fatalities and lost-time injuries experienced by construction workers are significantly greater than in other forms of work. This paper draws on the culture-centered approach (CCA) to dialogically articulate meanings of workplace risks and injuries, voiced by Bangladeshi migrant construction workers in Singapore. The narratives voiced by the participants suggest an ecological approach to workplace injuries in the construction industries, attending to food insecurity, lack of sleep, transportation, etc...
January 29, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103925/protocol-for-a-realist-review-of-workplace-learning-in-postgraduate-medical-education-and-training
#8
Anel Wiese, Caroline Kilty, Colm Bergin, Patrick Flood, Na Fu, Mary Horgan, Agnes Higgins, Bridget Maher, Grainne O'Kane, Lucia Prihodova, Dubhfeasa Slattery, Deirdre Bennett
BACKGROUND: Postgraduate medical education and training (PGMET) is a complex social process which happens predominantly during the delivery of patient care. The clinical learning environment (CLE), the context for PGMET, shapes the development of the doctors who learn and work within it, ultimately impacting the quality and safety of patient care. Clinical workplaces are complex, dynamic systems in which learning emerges from non-linear interactions within a network of related factors and activities...
January 19, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072938/welfare-of-anaesthesia-trainees-survey
#9
G B Downey, J M McDonald, R G Downey
This study was designed to investigate levels of stress, anxiety or depression and to identify factors compounding or relieving stress in anaesthesia trainees within the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) training scheme. An electronic survey was sent to 999 randomly selected trainees and 428 responses were received. In addition to demographics, psychological wellbeing was assessed using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) and questions were asked about depression and anxiety, exacerbating factors, personal healthcare and strategies used to manage stress...
January 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068942/prevalence-of-burnout-depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-australian-midwives-a-cross-sectional-survey
#10
D K Creedy, M Sidebotham, J Gamble, Julie Pallant, J Fenwick
BACKGROUND: The health and wellbeing of midwives are important considerations for workforce retention and quality care. The occurrence and relationships among mental health conditions such as burnout and depression have received little attention. We investigated the prevalence of burnout, depression, anxiety and stress in Australian midwives. METHODS: An online survey was conducted in September 2014. Participants were recruited through the Australian College of Midwives and professional networks...
January 9, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011660/time-and-participation-in-workplace-health-promotion-australian-qualitative-study
#11
Ginny M Sargent, Cathy Banwell, Lyndall Strazdins, Jane Dixon
Workplaces are considered promising settings for protecting and promoting the health and wellbeing of employees. To date, few workplaces, particularly small and medium sized enterprises (SME), or their workers, have adopted Workplace Health Promotion (WHP), raising questions as to why. We conducted interviews in 10 SME in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) asking managers and workers to reflect on the reasons for their participation (or not) in WHP activities. We qualitatively explored factors that managers consider important when deciding whether to offer WHP and compared these to worker considerations regarding participation...
December 23, 2016: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978858/increasing-engagement-with-and-effectiveness-of-an-online-cbt-based-stress-management-intervention-for-employees-through-the-use-of-an-online-facilitated-bulletin-board-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Stephany Carolan, Peter R Harris, Kathryn Greenwood, Kate Cavanagh
BACKGROUND: The evidence for the benefits of online cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT)-based programmes delivered in a clinical context is clear, but this evidence does not translate to online CBT-based stress management programmes delivered within a workplace context. One of the challenges to the delivery of online interventions is programme engagement; this challenge is even more acute for interventions delivered in real-world settings such as the workplace. The purpose of this pilot study is to explore the effect of an online facilitated discussion group on engagement, and to estimate the potential effectiveness of an online CBT-based stress management programme...
December 15, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936829/bullying-at-work-cognitive-appraisal-of-negative-acts-coping-wellbeing-and-performance
#13
Rebecca Hewett, Andreas Liefooghe, Gintare Visockaite, Siriyupa Roongrerngsuke
The negative outcomes of experiencing workplace bullying are well documented, but a strong theoretical explanation for this has been relatively neglected. We draw on cognitive appraisal theory to suggest that individuals' appraisals of and responses to negative acts at work will moderate the impact of said acts on wellbeing and performance outcomes. In a large study (N = 3,217) in Southeast Asia, we examine moderators in the form of (a) the extent to which individuals identify themselves as being bullied and (b) the coping strategies that individuals use to deal with negative acts...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908849/physician-heal-thyself-luke-4-23
#14
EDITORIAL
Jamie Hacker Hughes, Amra Saleem Rao, Neelam Dosanjh, Esther Cohen-Tovée, Jeremy Clarke, Gita Bhutani
The performance culture of the health service means that the psychological well-being of staff is becoming paramount in maintaining the workforce and in sustaining psychological health and morale. A Charter for Psychological Staff Wellbeing and Resilience is introduced that puts the onus on us and on employers to make the necessary adjustments to their workplace cultures and encourage professionals - us - to break through the barrier of stigma.
December 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882787/nurses-views-on-workplace-wellbeing-programmes
#15
Nicola Wright, Melissa Zakarin, Holly Blake
Workplace stress is prevalent among nurses. Healthcare employers have implemented complementary and alternative therapies (CATs) for relaxation and stress management within workplace wellbeing programmes. In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 registered nurses to explore the perceptions and experiences of nurses towards accessing CATs in and outside the workplace. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analysed using conventional, qualitative thematic techniques. Themes identified were 'perceptions of complementary and alternative therapies for stress management' and 'engagement with workplace wellness schemes'...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853056/an-evaluation-of-the-health-and-wellbeing-needs-of-employees-an-organizational-case-study
#16
Laran Chetty
INTRODUCTION: Workplace health and wellbeing is a major public health issue for employers. Wellbeing health initiatives are known to be cost-effective, especially when the programs are targeted and matched to the health problems of the specific population. The aim of this paper is to gather information about the health and wellbeing needs and resources of employees at one British organization. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out to explore the health and wellbeing needs and resources of employees at one British organization...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792033/assessment-of-dust-exposure-in-a-steel-plant-in-the-eastern-coast-of-peninsular-malaysia
#17
Ainun Hamzah Nurul, Bahri Mohd Tamrin Shamsul, Ismail Noor Hassim
BACKGROUND: Steel manufacturing produces dust, fumes, and pollutant gases that may give adverse health effects to the respiratory function of workers. Improper occupational hygiene practice in the workplace will affect both workers wellbeing and productivity. OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of particulate matter [(PM2.5, PM10, and Total Particulate Matter (TPM)], and trace metal dust concentrations in different sections of a steel plant and compare with the occupational exposure values...
November 22, 2016: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771321/australian-midwives-experiences-of-their-workplace-culture
#18
Christine J Catling, Fiona Reid, Billie Hunter
BACKGROUND: A number of adverse events in Australia and overseas have highlighted the need to examine the workplace culture in the maternity environment. Little attention has been paid to the midwifery workplace culture in Australia. AIM: The study aimed to explore the midwifery workplace culture from the perspective of midwives themselves. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive design was used. Group and individual interviews were undertaken of urban, regional and rural-based midwives in Australia...
October 19, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731886/predictors-of-physical-activity-and-barriers-to-exercise-in-nursing-and-medical-students
#19
Holly Blake, Natalia Stanulewicz, Francesca Mcgill
AIMS: To investigate physical activity levels of nursing and medicine students, examine predictors of physical activity level and examine the most influential benefits and barriers to exercise. BACKGROUND: Healthcare professionals have low levels of physical activity, which increases their health risk and may influence their health promotion practices with patients. DESIGN: We surveyed 361 nursing (n = 193) and medicine (n = 168) students studying at a UK medical school...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27616804/parenting-stress-among-low-income-and-working-class-fathers-the-role-of-employment
#20
Kei Nomaguchi, Wendi Johnson
Contemporary norms of fatherhood emphasize the dual demands of breadwinning and daily involvement in childcare. Recent qualitative research suggests that working-class fathers find it difficult to meet these demands due to job instability and workplace inflexibility. Yet, little quantitative research has examined how employment characteristics are related to fathers' parenting stress, in comparison with mothers'. Analyses using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,165) show that unemployment and workplace inflexibility, but not overwork, multiple jobs, odd-jobs, and nonstandard hours, are related to more parenting stress for fathers...
August 2016: Journal of Family Issues
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