Read by QxMD icon Read

Ang 2 AND hypovolaemia

Francesco Salerno, Monica Guevara, Mauro Bernardi, Richard Moreau, Florence Wong, Paolo Angeli, Guadalupe Garcia-Tsao, Samuel S Lee
Ascites is a frequent complication of cirrhosis and portal hypertension, because of the increase of the sinusoidal hydrostatic pressure. Cirrhosis accounts for over 75% of episodes of ascites. Cirrhotic patients with ascites have marked alterations in the splanchnic and systemic haemodynamics, causing central hypovolaemia and arterial hypotension with consequent activation of the vasoconstrictor systems, renin-angiotensin and sympathetic systems, and with increased renal sodium re-absorption. One of the most serious complications in cirrhotic patients with ascites is the occurrence of refractoriness, that is the inability to resolve ascites by the standard medical treatment with low sodium diet and diuretic doses up to 160 mg/day of furosemide and 400 mg/day of spironolactone...
August 2010: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Julian M Stewart, June L Glover, Marvin S Medow
POTS (postural tachycardia syndrome) is associated with low blood volume and reduced renin and aldosterone; however, the role of Ang (angiotensin) II has not been investigated. Previous studies have suggested that a subset of POTS patients with increased vasoconstriction related to decreased bioavailable NO (nitric oxide) have decreased blood volume. Ang II reduces bioavailable NO and is integral to the renin-Ang system. Thus, in the present study, we investigated the relationship between blood volume, Ang II, renin, aldosterone and peripheral blood flow in POTS patients...
February 2006: Clinical Science (1979-)
Frédérique Ryckwaert, Pascal H Colson
AT(1) receptor antagonists may interfere with the haemodynamic determinants of arterial pressure either directly or indirectly through the stimulation of AT(2) receptor provided Ang II is available to interact with them. In order to evaluate the counteracting haemodynamic effect of AT(2) receptor, a prospective, randomized, controlled experimental study was carried out in anaesthetised juvenile pigs. Pigs were randomly assigned to receive placebo (n = 6), valsartan, an AT(1) receptor antagonist (a-AT(1) group; n = 6), or valsartan and PD 123319, an AT(2) receptor antagonist (a-AT(1-2) group; n = 6) after anaesthesia and before hypovolaemia by 20% of the total estimated blood volume...
January 2005: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
M Kadekaro, J Y Summy-Long
1. Nitric oxide (NO) tonically inhibits the basal release of vasopressin and oxytocin into plasma. 2. Nitric oxide inhibition on vasopressin secretion is removed, while that on oxytocin is enhanced, during water deprivation, hypovolaemia, moderate osmotic stimulation and angiotensin (Ang)II. This results in a preferential release of vasopressin over oxytocin that promotes conservation of water. 3. Nitric oxide facilitates drinking behaviour stimulated by water deprivation, osmotic stimulation, haemorrhage and AngII...
May 2000: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
L A De Luca, A M Sugawara, J V Menani
1. Angiotensin (Ang)II is involved in responses to hypovolaemia, such as sodium appetite and increase in blood pressure. Target areas subserving these responses for AngII include the cardiovascular system in the periphery and the circumventricular organs in the brain. 2. Conflicting data have been reported for the role of systemic versus brain AngII in the mediation of sodium appetite. 3. The role for systemic AngII and systemic AngII receptors in the control of blood pressure in hypovolaemia is well established...
May 2000: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
B Robinzon, T I Koike, P A Marks
1. Mature WL cockerels with permanent cannulae in brachial artery and vein were restrained in an isolated sling. Blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were continuously recorded. When the chickens were habituated to the sling, injections began. In each experiment the cockerels were injected intravenously 6 times at 6 min intervals. 2. In the first experiment 6 injections of 0.5 nmol[Aspl, Val5]ANG-II/kg body weight were given. 3. In the second experiment oxytocin (OT) antagonist ([d(CH2)5-O-Me-Tyr2,Thr4,Tyr9,Orn8]VT) at a dose of 2 nmol/kg, was injected for the first 3 and 0...
September 1995: British Poultry Science
K Sander-Jensen, N H Secher, A Astrup, N J Christensen, M Damkjaer-Nielsen, J Giese, J Warberg, P Bie
Circulatory variables and hormone concentrations in arterial plasma were measured in six normal subjects during angiotensin II (ANG II) step-up infusion of 0.25 and 1.00 ng kg-1 X min. During the 1.00 ng kg-1 X min infusion ANG II plasma concentrations increased from 11 +/- 2 to 48 +/- 6 pg ml-1; i.e., similar to those obtained during acute hypotensive hypovolaemia in man. Mean arterial pressure increased (P less than 0.05) from a resting value of 89 +/- 3 to 97 +/- 5 mmHg. Heart rate and catecholamine concentrations did not change...
February 1988: Clinical Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"