keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

high dose methotrexate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646368/tnf%C3%AE-blockers-followed-by-continuation-of-sulfasalazine-and-methotrexate-combination-a-retrospective-study-on-cost-saving-options-of-treatment-in-spondyloarthritis
#1
Aswin M Nair, P Sandhya, Bijesh Yadav, Debashish Danda
High cost deters continuous use of tumor necrosis factor α blockers (TNFi) in developing countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate outcome and expenditure incurred in Spondyloarthritis (SpA) patients beyond a year of follow-up after receiving four doses of infliximab (IFX) over and above background therapy of methotrexate (MTX) and sulfasalazine (SSZ) combination. Electronic medical records were screened for patients with SpA satisfying the Assessment of Spondyloarthritis International Society (ASAS) criteria between 2008 and 2014...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643323/favourable-outcomes-of-poor-prognosis-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-patients-treated-with-dose-dense-rituximab-high-dose-methotrexate-and-six-cycles-of-chop-14-compared-to-first-line-autologous-transplantation
#2
Tim Strüßmann, Kristina Fritsch, Axel Baumgarten, Thomas Fietz, Monika Engelhardt, Roland Mertelsmann, Gabriele Ihorst, Justus Duyster, Jürgen Finke, Reinhard Marks
The optimal therapeutic approach for young diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients with high-intermediate and high-risk age-adjusted international prognostic index (aaIPI) remains unknown. Hereby we report a 10-year single-centre study of 63 consecutively treated patients. To optimize outcome, two approaches were carried out: Cohort 1 patients received four cycles R-CHOP-21 (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, daunorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone over 21 days) followed by first-line high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell support (HDCT-ASCT), resulting in 2-year progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of 60·6% and 67·9%...
June 23, 2017: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640701/primary-cns-lymphoma
#3
Christian Grommes, Lisa M DeAngelis
Primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare form of extranodal non-Hodgkin lymphoma that is typically confined to the brain, eyes, and cerebrospinal fluid without evidence of systemic spread. The prognosis of patients with PCNSL has improved during the last decades with the introduction of high-dose methotrexate. However, despite recent progress, results after treatment are durable in half of patients, and therapy can be associated with late neurotoxicity. PCNSL is an uncommon tumor, and only four randomized trials and one phase III trial have been completed so far, all in the first-line setting...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635683/blastic-plasmacytoid-dendritic-cell-neoplasm-with-pulmonary-involvement-and-atypical-skin-lesion
#4
Cyndi Myrelle da Silva Barros Romão, Cláudio José Dos Santos Júnior, Luiz Arthur Calheiros Leite, Maria Jordana Rocha Gomes Alves, Nathalia Silva Araújo, Anderson F L Castro, Muriel Silva Moura, Vitória Mikaelly da Silva Gomes, Arthur Moacir Costa Sampaio Batinga, João Antonio S Queiroz, Natanael Barbosa Dos Santos
BACKGROUND Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a rare hematodermic malignancy neoplasm with highly aggressive course and poor prognosis. This disease typically presents with cutaneous involvement as the first manifestation, with subsequent or simultaneous spread to bone marrow and peripheral blood.  CASE REPORT Here, we report the case of a 51-year-old woman who presented a violaceus skin lesion on the lateral region of the right thigh, weight loss, fever, and lymphadenopathies. Computed tomography (CT) displayed thoracic and abdominal lymph node and alveolar bleeding...
June 21, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617714/perioperative-chemotherapy-with-and-without-high-dose-methotrexate-in-adult-osteosarcoma
#5
Marcelo Vailati Negrão, Lucila S da Silva Rocha, Daniel da Motta Girardi, Olavo Feher
Treatment of adult osteosarcoma (AOS) includes perioperative chemotherapy and surgery. Standard chemotherapy consists of cisplatin (CP) and doxorubicin (DOX). Although considered the standard of care for pediatric patients, high-dose methotrexate (HDM) remains controversial in adults. We aimed to evaluate the role of HDM in AOS treated with curative intent. This study included patients with AOS who received perioperative chemotherapy with DOX and CP (group 1; N=16) and DOX, CP, and HDM (group 2; N=10). The primary endpoint was grade 3 or superior toxicities...
June 14, 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611632/infliximab-induced-aseptic-meningitis-during-the-treatment-of-psoriatic-arthritis
#6
Yuki Matsuura-Otsuki, Takaaki Hanafusa, Hiroo Yokozeki, Kyoko Watanabe
A 42-year-old Japanese man presented with persistent headache during treatment for psoriatic arthritis (PsA) with infliximab. Treatment with infliximab was initiated 3 years before and the psoriatic skin lesions with arthritis were well controlled. However, after 21 doses of infliximab, the skin lesions and joint pain exacerbated and became intractable. Ten days after the dosage of infliximab was increased, the patient experienced headache and nausea with high fever. He had scaly, well-circumscribed erythemas on his trunk, extremities, and deformed nails...
May 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603183/uplc-ms-ms-analysis-of-methotrexate-in-human-plasma-and-comparison-with-the-fluorescence-polarization-immunoassay
#7
Shenghui Mei, Leting Zhu, Xingang Li, Jiaqing Wang, Xueyun Jiang, Haiyan Chen, Jiping Huo, Li Yang, Song Lin, Zhigang Zhao
Methotrexate (MTX) plasma concentration is routinely monitored to guide the dosage regimen of rescue drugs. This study aims to develop and validate an ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) method for plasma MTX analysis, and to establish its agreement with the fluorescence polarization immunoassay (FPIA) in patients with high-dose MTX therapy. Separation was achieved by gradient elution with methanol and water (0.05% formic acid) at 40°C with a run time of 3 min. The intra- and inter-day inaccuracy and imprecision of the UPLC-MS/MS method were -4...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600210/accelerated-versus-standard-epirubicin-followed-by-cyclophosphamide-methotrexate-and-fluorouracil-or-capecitabine-as-adjuvant-therapy-for-breast-cancer-in-the-randomised-uk-tact2-trial-cruk-05-19-a-multicentre-phase-3-open-label-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
David Cameron, James P Morden, Peter Canney, Galina Velikova, Robert Coleman, John Bartlett, Rajiv Agrawal, Jane Banerji, Gianfilippo Bertelli, David Bloomfield, A Murray Brunt, Helena Earl, Paul Ellis, Claire Gaunt, Alexa Gillman, Nicholas Hearfield, Robert Laing, Nicholas Murray, Niki Couper, Robert C Stein, Mark Verrill, Andrew Wardley, Peter Barrett-Lee, Judith M Bliss
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy for early breast cancer has improved outcomes but causes toxicity. The UK TACT2 trial used a 2×2 factorial design to test two hypotheses: whether use of accelerated epirubicin would improve time to tumour recurrence (TTR); and whether use of oral capecitabine instead of cyclophosphamide would be non-inferior in terms of patients' outcomes and would improve toxicity, quality of life, or both. METHODS: In this multicentre, phase 3, randomised, controlled trial, we enrolled patients aged 18 years or older from 129 UK centres who had histologically confirmed node-positive or high-risk node-negative operable breast cancer, had undergone complete excision, and were due to receive adjuvant chemotherapy...
June 6, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599251/trehalose-enhances-the-antitumor-potential-of-methotrexate-against-mice-bearing-ehrlich-ascites-carcinoma
#9
Mohammed A El-Magd, Abeer Khamis, Samah K Nasr Eldeen, Wafaa M Ibrahim, Afrah F Salama
Methotrexate (MTX) is commonly used as a standard chemotherapy for many cancers, however its usage required high doses thereby leading to severe adverse effects. In a trial to find a suitable neoadjuvant therapy to decrease MTX dosage without lowering its chemotherapeutic efficacy, we investigated the antitumor effect of trehalose (TRE) on mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) and checked whether TRE can enhance the antitumor potential of MTX. Treatment with TRE induced anti-tumor effects against EAC as reveled by a remarkable decrease in body weight, tumor volume, count of viable tumor cells, expression of the anti-apoptotic gene Bcl2 as well as by a significant increase in mean survival time, life span and expression of the apoptotic gene caspase-3...
June 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596649/use-of-surrogate-samples-to-monitor-ph-during-high-dose-methotrexate-therapy
#10
Uday Yanamandra, Pooja Chauhan, Deepesh Lad, Alka Khadwal, Gaurav Prakash, Subhash Varma, Pankaj Malhotra
High dose methotrexate (Mtx) therapy is commonly used in hemato-oncological practice. Alkalization of urine is a part of high dose methotrexate therapy for preventing crystallization in urine to avert renal insufficiency. Alkalization is monitored by urine pH at regular intervals. Oral pH has occasionally been used as a surrogate for oral mucositis. To compare and correlate pH of various body secretions (venous blood, oral salivary, lacrimal and urine) among patients undergoing alkalization with intravenous sodium bicarbonate during high dose methotrexate therapy...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592186/the-role-of-the-mthfr-c677t-polymorphism-in-methotrexate-induced-toxicity-in-pediatric-osteosarcoma-patients
#11
Loes Lambrecht, Charlotte Sleurs, Veerle Labarque, Catharina Dhooge, Annouschka Laenen, Friedl Sinnaeve, Marleen Renard, Anne Uyttebroeck
AIM: Osteosarcoma patients receive high doses of methotrexate (MTX). However, pharmacogenetic information remains limited and has mainly been investigated in leukemia so far. PATIENTS & METHODS: We investigated the link between the MTHFR C677T genotype, toxicity levels (mucositis, MTX plasma level, hematological toxicity and hepatotoxicity) and survival of 48 pediatric osteosarcoma patients. RESULTS: The TT genotype did not show more toxicity compared with the CC/CT genotype...
June 8, 2017: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581466/high-dose-chemotherapy-and-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-for-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-a-multi-centre-retrospective-analysis-from-the-united-kingdom
#12
S Kassam, E Chernucha, A O'Neill, C Hemmaway, T Cummins, S Montoto, A Lennard, G Adams, K Linton, P McKay, D Davies, C Rowntree, S Easdale, T A Eyre, R Marcus, K Cwynarski, C P Fox
The prognosis of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) has improved in recent years. This has partly been achieved by remission induction protocols incorporating high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) and rituximab. Given the high rates of relapse, consolidation therapy is usually considered in first response. Whole brain radiotherapy may prolong PFS but appears to confer no long-term survival advantage and is associated with significant neurocognitive dysfunction. Attempts to improve efficacy and reduce neurotoxicity of consolidation therapy have included thiotepa-based high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant (HDC-ASCT)...
June 5, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581281/a-case-of-rheumatoid-vasculitis-involving-hepatic-artery-in-early-rheumatoid-arthritis
#13
Ji Eun Lee, In Je Kim, Min Sun Cho, Jisoo Lee
Rheumatoid vasculitis is a rare, but most serious extra-articular complications of long-standing, seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Vasculitis of hepatic artery is an extremely rare but severe manifestation of rheumatoid vasculitis. A 72-year-old woman who presented with polyarthralgia for 2 months was diagnosed with early RA. Since she had manifestations of livedo reticularis, and liver dysfunction which was atypical for RA patients, a percutaneous needle liver biopsy was performed revealing arteritis of a medium-sized hepatic artery...
July 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579851/transformation-of-follicular-lymphoma-to-a-high-grade-b-cell-lymphoma-with-myc-and-bcl2-translocations-and-overlapping-features-of-burkitt-lymphoma-and-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Alina M Bischin, Russell Dorer, David M Aboulafia
Most commonly, histologic transformation (HT) from follicular lymphoma (FL) manifests as a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL, NOS). Less frequently, HT may result in a high-grade B-cell lymphoma (HGBL) with MYC and B-cell lymphoma protein 2 (BCL2) and/or BCL6 gene rearrangements, also known as "double-hit" or "triple-hit" lymphomas. In the 2016 revision of the World Health Organization (WHO) classification of lymphoid neoplasms, the category B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable was eliminated due to its vague criteria and limiting diagnostic benefit...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Blood Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577579/patterns-of-relapse-in-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-inferences-regarding-the-role-of-the-neuro-vascular-unit-and-monoclonal-antibodies-in-treating-occult-cns-disease
#15
Prakash Ambady, Rongwei Fu, Joao Prola Netto, Cymon Kersch, Jenny Firkins, Nancy D Doolittle, Edward A Neuwelt
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The radiologic features and patterns of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) at initial presentation are well described. High response rates can be achieved with first-line high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) based regimens, yet many relapse within 2 years of diagnosis. We describe the pattern of relapse and review the potential mechanisms involved in relapse. METHODS: We identified 78 consecutive patients who attained complete radiographic response (CR) during or after first-line treatment for newly diagnosed PCNSL (CD20+, diffuse large B cell type)...
June 2, 2017: Fluids and Barriers of the CNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569624/effectiveness-of-parenteral-glutamine-on-methotrexate-induced-oral-mucositis-in-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#16
Yu-Hsiang Chang, Ming-Sun Yu, Kang-Hsi Wu, Mao-Chou Hsu, Yee-Hsuan Chiou, Han-Ping Wu, Ching-Tien Peng, Yu-Hua Chao
High-dose methotrexate (HDMTX) is important for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). There is no effective treatment for patients with oral mucositis, which is a major side effect associated with HDMTX. Here, we reviewed the medical records of patients younger than 18 yr with newly diagnosed ALL in our hospitals from 2002 to 2013. According to the nationwide protocol (TPOG-ALL-2002), each patient received four courses of HDMTX (2.5 or 5 g/m(2)) during consolidation therapy. HDMTX courses with glutamine therapy were as the glutamine group, and intravenous glutamine (0...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569072/the-role-of-oral-methotrexate-as-a-steroid-sparing-agent-in-refractory-eosinophilic-asthma
#17
David Bilocca, B Hargadon, I D Pavord, R H Green, C E Brightling, P Bradding, A J Wardlaw, N Martin, A C Murphy, S Siddiqui
The use of oral methotrexate for refractory eosinophilic asthma in a tertiary asthma referral centre, Glenfield Hospital, Leicester, was evaluated between January 2006 and December 2014. The patients ( n = 61) were carefully phenotyped at baseline with markers of airway inflammation. In addition, a structured oral methotrexate proforma was utilized to evaluate response to therapy and adverse events. Oral steroid withdrawal was attempted 3 months after commencing treatment. Several outcomes were evaluated at 12 months, including both efficacy and adverse effects; 15% ( n = 9/61) responded by achieving a decrease in daily oral corticosteroid dose (mean 8...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566677/high-grade-transformation-in-a-splenic-marginal-zone-lymphoma-with-a-cerebral-manifestation
#18
Xiaoning Gao, Jie Li, Ji Lin, Daihong Liu, Li Yu, Quanshun Wang
BACKGROUND Splenic marginal zone lymphomas (SMZLs) are generally uncommon, indolent lymphomas that typically affect older adults, but the development of the transformation to high-grade lymphoma may occur in a small proportion of patients and represents a rare event with blastic cell infiltration in the lymph nodes and bone marrow. CASE REPORT Here, we present a young adult patient who was diagnosed with a SMZL and developed a high-grade transformation to diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with central nervous system involvement...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566622/factorial-analysis-of-hepatitis-b-virus-reactivation-induced-hepatitis-b-using-jader
#19
Ayako Hara, Kazuaki Matsumoto, Yuta Yokoyama, Junko Kizu
Hepatitis B caused by chemotherapy- and immunosuppression-associated hepatitis B virus reactivation is likely to become fulminant, and a high mortality rate has been reported. In this study, using the Japanese adverse drug event report database (JADER), factorial analysis of patients who developed hepatitis B as an adverse event was performed. The number of reported cases of hepatitis B during the survey period was 781 and 185 of them (24%) died. Rituximab and prednisolone were administered to many cases (233, 216 cases, respectively), and the reporting odds ratios were high (65...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559835/cytarabine-induced-acute-cerebellar-syndrome-during-hyper-cvad-treatment-for-b-cell-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#20
Phu Ngoc Tran, Xiao-Tang Kong
Acute cerebellar syndrome can be caused by high doses of cytarabine, but it has not been described in patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who received hyper-CVAD chemotherapy. Herein, we report two cases with histories of positive Philadelphia chromosome B-cell ALL who developed acute cerebellar syndrome after the exposure to relatively low doses of cytarabine in the second cycle of hyper-CVAD regimen. The cerebellar symptoms were attenuated by cytarabine discontinuation and administration of steroids...
January 2017: Case Reports in Neurology
keyword
keyword
91529
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"