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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773188/the-toxic-effect-of-gallic-acid-on-biochemical-factors-viability-and-proliferation-of-rat-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-was-compensated-by-boric-acid
#1
Mohammad Hussein Abnosi, Somayeh Yari
OBJECTIVE: Gallic acid (GA) and boron are found in many plants. Our previous studies showed 6 ng/ml boric acid (BA) had positive effect on biochemistry of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and their osteogenic differentiation. Therefore, we investigate the effect of different doses of GA alone and in the presence of BA on MSCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: the viability of MSCs was assayed using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and trypan blue at 12, 24 and 36 h in presence of different concentration of GA...
July 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769754/detection-of-bone-loss-via-subchondral-bone-analysis
#2
Jean-Baptiste Vimort, Antonio Ruellas, Jack Prothero, J S Marron, Matthew McCormick, Lucia Cevidanes, Erika Benavides, Beatriz Paniagua
To date, there is no single sign, symptom, or test that can clearly diagnose early stages of Temporomandibular Joint Osteoarthritis (TMJ OA). However, it has been observed that changes in the bone occur in early stages of this disease, involving structural changes both in the texture and morphometry of the bone marrow and the subchondral cortical plate. In this paper we present a tool to detect and highlight subtle variations in subchondral bone structure obtained from high resolution Cone Beam Computed Tomography (hr-CBCT) in order to help with detecting early TMJ OA...
February 2018: Proceedings of SPIE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769543/the-cytokine-secretion-profile-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-is-determined-by-surface-structure-of-the-microenvironment
#3
Daniëlle G Leuning, Nick R M Beijer, Nadia A du Fossé, Steven Vermeulen, Ellen Lievers, Cees van Kooten, Ton J Rabelink, Jan de Boer
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) secrete factors that contribute to organ homeostasis and repair in a tissue specific manner. For instance, kidney perivascular mesenchymal stromal cells (kPSCs) can facilitate renal epithelial repair through secretion of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) while the secretome of bone marrow MSCs gives rise to immunosuppression. Stromal cells function in a complex 3-dimensional (3D) connective tissue architecture that induces conformational adaptation. Here we tested the hypothesis that surface topography and associated cell adaptations dictate stromal cell function through tuning of the cytokines released...
May 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767839/jak2-v617f-positive-acute-myeloid-leukaemia-aml-a-comparison-between-de-novo-aml-and-secondary-aml-transformed-from-an-underlying-myeloproliferative-neoplasm-a-study-from-the-bone-marrow-pathology-group
#4
Jason Aynardi, Rashmi Manur, Paul R Hess, Seble Chekol, Jennifer J D Morrissette, Daria Babushok, Elizabeth Hexner, Heesun J Rogers, Eric D Hsi, Elizabeth Margolskee, Attilio Orazi, Robert Hasserjian, Adam Bagg
The JAK2 V617F mutation is characteristic of most Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) and occurs rarely in de novo acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). We sought to characterize AMLs that harbour this mutation and distinguish those that arise de novo (AML-DN) from those that reflect transformation of an underlying MPN (AML-MPN). Forty-five patients with JAK2 V617F-mutated AML were identified; 15 were AML-DN and 30 were AML-MPN. AML-MPN cases were more likely to have splenomegaly (P = 0·02), MPN-like megakaryocytes and higher mean JAK2 V617F VAF at diagnosis (P = 0·04)...
May 16, 2018: British Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767463/mechanical-and-biological-properties-of-a-biodegradable-mg-zn-ca-porous-alloy
#5
Yong-Qiang Zhang, Yang Li, Huan Liu, Jing Bai, Ni-Rong Bao, Yue Zhang, Peng He, Jian-Ning Zhao, Li Tao, Feng Xue, Guang-Xin Zhou, Gen-Tao Fan
OBJECTIVES: As promising alternative to current metallic biomaterials, the porous Mg scaffold with a 3-D open-pore framework has drawn much attention in recent years due to its suitable biodegradation, biocompatibility, and mechanical properties for human bones. This experiment's aim is to study the mechanical properties, biosafety, and osteogenesis of porous Mg-Zn alloy. METHODS: A porous Mg-2Zn-0.3Ca (wt%) alloy was successfully prepared by infiltration casting, and the size of NaCl particles was detected by a laser particle size analyzer...
May 16, 2018: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765418/isolation-and-characterisation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-rat-bone-marrow-and-the-endosteal-niche-a-comparative-study
#6
Norhayati Yusop, Paul Battersby, Amr Alraies, Alastair J Sloan, Ryan Moseley, Rachel J Waddington
Within bone, mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) exist within the bone marrow stroma (BM-MSC) and the endosteal niche, as cells lining compact bone (CB-MSCs). This study isolated and characterised heterogeneous MSC populations from each niche and subsequently investigated the effects of extensive cell expansion, analysing population doublings (PDs)/cellular senescence, colony-forming efficiencies (CFEs), MSC cell marker expression, and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation. CB-MSCs and BM-MSCs demonstrated similar morphologies and PDs, reaching 100 PDs...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761787/osteoinducing-scaffolds-with-multi-layered-biointerface
#7
Ekaterina A Grebenik, Varvara Grinchenko, Semyon Nikolaevich Churbanov, Nikita Minaev, Boris Shavkuta, Pavel Alexandrovich Melnikov, Denis Butnaru, Yury Rochev, Victor Nikolayevich Bagratashvili, Peter S Timashev
This study was aimed to design and characterize hybrid tissue-engineered constructs composed of osteoinducing polylactide-based scaffolds with multi-layered cellular biointerface for bone tissue reconstruction. Three-dimensional scaffolds with improved hydrophilic and osteoinducing properties were produced using the surface-selective laser sintering (SSLS) method. The designed scaffold pattern had dimensions of 8×8×2.5 mm and ladder-like pores (~ 700 μm in width). Hyaluronic acid-coated polylactide microparticles (~ 100 μm in diameter) were used as building blocks and water was used as the photosensitizer for SSLS followed by photocross-linking with Irgacure 2959 photoinitiator...
May 15, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760732/comparative-study-on-in-vitro-culture-of-mouse-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#8
Yuxin Hu, Bin Lou, Xiafang Wu, Ruirui Wu, Huihui Wang, Lanyue Gao, Jingbo Pi, Yuanyuan Xu
In vitro culture of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from mouse bone marrow (BM) has been hampered because of the low yield of MSCs during isolation and the contamination of hematopoietic cells during expansion. The lack of specific mouse BM-MSC markers increases the difficulty. Several techniques have been reported to improve the purity and in vitro growth of mouse BM-MSCs. However, systematic report on comparison of characteristics in primary BM-MSCs between different culture conditions is rare. Here, we studied the effects of oxygen concentrations and initial medium replacement intervals, along with cell passages, on mouse BM-MSCs isolated with differential adhesion method...
2018: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758548/stromal-cell-derived-factor-sdf-1-alpha-overexpression-promotes-bone-regeneration-by-osteogenesis-and-angiogenesis-in-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#9
Fan Yang, Feng Xue, Junjie Guan, Zeng Zhang, Jimin Yin, Qingling Kang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a devastating orthopedic disease. Previous studies suggested that stromal-cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 was involved in osteogenesis and angiogenesis. However, whether SDF-1 potentiates the angiogenesis and osteogenesis of bone marrow-derived stromal stem cells (BMSCs) in ONFH is not clear. METHODS: BMSCs were transfected with green fluorescent protein (GFP) or the fusion gene encoding GFP and SDF-1α, and transgenic efficacy was monitored by immunofluorescence...
May 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758001/an-antimicrobial-peptide-loaded-gelatin-chitosan-nanofibrous-membrane-fabricated-by-sequential-layer-by-layer-electrospinning-and-electrospraying-techniques
#10
Yuzhu He, Yahui Jin, Xiumei Wang, Shenglian Yao, Yuanyuan Li, Qiong Wu, Guowu Ma, Fuzhai Cui, Huiying Liu
Guided bone regeneration (GBR) technique is widely used in the treatment of bone defects caused by peri-implantitis, periodontal disease, etc. However, the GBR membranes commonly used in clinical treatments currently have no antibacterial activity. Therefore, in this study, sequential layer-by-layer electrospinning and electrospraying techniques were utilized to prepare a gelatin (Gln) and chitosan (CS) composite GBR membrane containing hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (nHAp) and antimicrobial peptide (Pac-525)-loaded PLGA microspheres (AMP@PLGA-MS), which was supposed to have osteogenic and antibacterial activities...
May 14, 2018: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755847/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-findings-in-hepatosplenic-gamma-delta-t-cell-lymphoma-case-reports-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Michael W Cho, Bennett B Chin
Hepatosplenic Gamma Delta T cell lymphoma (γδHSTL) is a rare, highly aggressive, and rapidly lethal T cell lymphoma which manifests 18 F-FDG PET/CT findings that can mimic benign conditions. Patients with γδHSTL present with unexplained symptoms of a hematologic malignancy like the B symptoms of lymphoma including weight loss, fevers, and night sweats, as well as, splenomegaly and hepatomegaly. Thrombocytopenia, anemia, or neutropenia are also common due to spleen, liver and bone marrow involvement. The peripheral blood, however, typically does not show abnormal T cells...
2018: American Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752098/three-dimensional-printing-and-in-vitro-evaluation-of-poly-3-hydroxybutyrate-scaffolds-functionalized-with-osteogenic-growth-peptide-for-tissue-engineering
#12
Sybele Saska, Luana Carla Pires, Mariana Aline Cominotte, Larissa Souza Mendes, Marcelo Fernandes de Oliveira, Izaque Alves Maia, Jorge Vicente Lopes da Silva, Sidney José Lima Ribeiro, Joni Augusto Cirelli
Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) is a biodegradable and thermoprocessable biopolymer, making it a promising candidate for applications in tissue engineering. In the present study a structural characterization and in vitro evaluation were performed on PHB scaffolds produced by additive manufacturing via selective laser sintering (SLS), followed by post-printing functionalization with osteogenic growth peptide (OGP) and its C-terminal sequence OGP(10-14). The PHB scaffolds were characterized, including their morphology, porosity, thermal and mechanical properties, moreover OGP release...
August 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751963/ameliorative-effects-of-bone-marrow-derived-pancreatic-progenitor-cells-on-hyperglycemia-and-oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-rats
#13
Hamdy Rizk, A F Tohamy, Walaa Mohamed Sayed, Abdelbary Prince
The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Bone marrow derived pancreatic progenitor cells (BM- PPCs) in diabetic rats. It was conducted on 30 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200-220 g. They were divided into three groups: (a) Group 1 was the control group; (b) Group 2 was the diabetic (induced diabetic by a single intraperitoneal (IP) injection of streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg) and (c) Group 3 was the treated (received injection of 2.5 X 106 BM- PPCs via the tail vein twice with a 21-day time interval)...
May 8, 2018: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751774/changes-in-phenotype-and-differentiation-potential-of-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-aging-in-vitro
#14
Yueh-Hsun Kevin Yang, Courtney R Ogando, Carmine Wang See, Tsui-Yun Chang, Gilda A Barabino
BACKGROUND: Adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) hold great promise for regenerative medicine because of their self-renewal, multipotency, and trophic and immunosuppressive effects. Due to the rareness and high heterogeneity of freshly isolated MSCs, extensive in-vitro passage is required to expand their populations prior to clinical use; however, senescence usually accompanies and can potentially affect MSC characteristics and functionality. Therefore, a thorough characterization of the variations in phenotype and differentiation potential of in-vitro aging MSCs must be sought...
May 11, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751004/mutations-affecting-the-actin-regulator-wdr1-lead-to-aberrant-lymphoid-immunity
#15
Laurène Pfajfer, Nina K Mair, Raúl Jiménez-Heredia, Ferah Genel, Nesrin Gulez, Ömür Ardeniz, Birgit Hoeger, Sevgi Köstel Bal, Christoph Madritsch, Artem Kalinichenko, Rico Chandra Ardy, Bengü Gerçeker, Javier Rey-Barroso, Hanna Ijspeert, Stuart G Tangye, Ingrid Simonitsch-Klupp, Johannes B Huppa, Mirjam van der Burg, Loïc Dupré, Kaan Boztug
BACKGROUND: The actin-interacting protein WDR1 promotes cofilin-dependent actin filament turnover. Biallelic WDR1 mutations have recently been identified in an immunodeficiency/autoinflammatory syndrome with aberrant morphology and function of myeloid cells. OBJECTIVE: Given the pleiotropic expression of WDR1, we here investigated to what extent it might control the lymphoid arm of the immune system in humans. METHODS: Histological and detailed immunological analyses were performed to elucidate the role of WDR1 in development and function of B and T lymphocytes...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750898/mebendazole-exhibits-potent-anti-leukemia-activity-on-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#16
Licai He, Liuzhi Shi, Zhuanyun Du, He Huang, Rui Gong, Lan Ma, Lianjuan Chen, Shenmeng Gao, Jianxin Lyu, Haihua Gu
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is one of the most common types of acute leukemia in adults with the lowest survival rate of all leukemia. Resistance to cytarabine and anthracycline-based chemotherapy is a major cause of treatment failure. Thus, finding new drugs with anti-leukemia activities and minimal side effect is urgently needed. Here through screening more than 1000 drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of United States, the antihelmintic drug mebendazole (MBZ) was found to inhibit the growth of AML cell lines (THP-1, U937, NB4 and K562) and bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM-MNCs) from AML patients at pharmacologically achievable concentrations...
May 8, 2018: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747695/a-case-report-of-granulomatous-amoebic-encephalitis-by-group-1-acanthamoeba-genotype-t18-diagnosed-by-the-combination-of-morphological-examination-and-genetic-analysis
#17
Takahiro Matsui, Tetsuo Maeda, Shinsuke Kusakabe, Hideyuki Arita, Kenji Yagita, Eiichi Morii, Yuzuru Kanakura
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis is challenging for clinicians because it is a rare and lethal disease. Previous reports have indicated that Acanthamoeba with some specific genotypes tend to cause the majority of human infections. We report a case of granulomatous amoebic encephalitis caused by Acanthamoeba spp. with genotype T18 in an immunodeficient patient in Japan after allogenic bone marrow transplantation, along with the morphological characteristics and genetic analysis...
May 10, 2018: Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743401/-hypoplastic-acute-promyelocytic-leukemia-with-continuous-hypocellular-bone-marrow-after-remission
#18
Toshiki Nakamura, Junya Makiyama, Ayumi Matsuura, Hirokazu Kurohama, Hideaki Kitanosono, Masahiro Ito, Shinichiro Yoshida, Yasushi Miyazaki
An 87-year old female presented with unsteady gait and occasional subcutaneous hematomas. Blood examination findings revealed pancytopenia and mild coagulopathy. Both the histopathological evaluation of bone marrow smears and bone marrow biopsy revealed a hypocellular bone marrow. However, APL cells were observed and PML-RARA fusion gene was detected. On the basis of these findings, the patient was diagnosed with hypoplastic acute promyelocytic leukemia. She received ATRA treatment and achieved complete remission (CR) 29 days from the commencement of therapy...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741254/present-status-and-perspective-of-laboratory-hematology-in-japan-on-the-standardization-of-blood-cell-morphology-including-myelodysplasia-on-behalf-of-the-japanese-society-for-laboratory-hematology
#19
REVIEW
K Tohyama
The Japanese Society for Laboratory Hematology (JSLH) was launched in 2000 and has been developed by a mutual collaboration of hematologists, medical technologists, and the companies involved in hematological laboratory testing. The aim of JSLH is the progress and development of laboratory hematology by academic conferences, periodic publication of academic journal, training and education (in the meeting, the journal, or the website), promotion of the standardization of laboratory hematology, and certification of the laboratory hematology specialists...
May 2018: International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736332/behavior-and-biocompatibility-of-rabbit-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cells-with-bacterial-cellulose-membrane
#20
Marcello de Alencar Silva, Yulla Klinger de Carvalho Leite, Camila Ernanda Sousa de Carvalho, Matheus Levi Tajra Feitosa, Michel Muálem de Moraes Alves, Fernando Aécio de Amorim Carvalho, Bartolomeu Cruz Viana Neto, Maria Angélica Miglino, Angela Faustino Jozala, Maria Acelina Martins de Carvalho
Background: Tissue engineering has been shown to exhibit great potential for the creation of biomaterials capable of developing into functional tissues. Cellular expansion and integration depends on the quality and surface-determinant factors of the scaffold, which are required for successful biological implants. The objective of this research was to characterize and evaluate the in vitro characteristics of rabbit bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) associated with a bacterial cellulose membrane (BCM)...
2018: PeerJ
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