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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107066/hematologic-plasma-biochemical-and-lipid-panel-reference-intervals-in-orange-winged-amazon-parrots-amazona-amazonica
#1
Claire Vergneau-Grosset, Tamsen Polley, Danielle Carrade Holt, William Vernau, Joanne Paul-Murphy
To establish reference intervals in orange-winged Amazon parrots ( Amazona amazonica ) for the complete blood count, plasma biochemical values, and lipid panel and to evaluate age- and sex-related variations, blood samples were obtained from 29 healthy juvenile and adult parrots. Concentrations of total protein, bile acids, phosphorus, total cholesterol, low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were significantly higher in adult compared with juvenile birds, while uric acid concentration was significantly higher in juveniles...
December 2016: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107028/interrelationship-of-clinical-radiographic-and-hematological-features-in-patients-under-bisphosphonate-therapy
#2
Valesca Sander Koth, Maria Antonia Figueiredo, Fernanda Gonçalves Salum, Karen Cherubini
OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical, radiographic and hematological aspects of patients under bisphosphonate therapy. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted where the records of patients taking bisphosphonates were analyzed considering the occurrence of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ). Evaluation included panoramic and periapical radiographies, hematological exams and clinical features. Radiographies were analyzed determining the presence or absence of bone sclerosis, osteolysis, persisting alveolar socket, narrowing of the mandibular canal, widening of the periodontal ligament space, periradicular radiolucency, sequestrum, and thickening of the lamina dura...
January 20, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105762/establishment-of-reference-intervals-for-complete-blood-count-parameters-during-normal-pregnancy-in-beijing
#3
Aiwei Li, Shuo Yang, Jie Zhang, Rui Qiao
OBJECTIVE: To observe the changes of complete blood count (CBC) parameters during pregnancy and establish appropriate reference intervals for healthy pregnant women. METHODS: Healthy pregnant women took the blood tests at all trimesters. All blood samples were processed on Sysmex XE-2100. The following CBC parameters were analyzed: red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), red blood cell distribution width (RDW), platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distribution width (PDW), white blood cell count (WBC), and leukocyte differential count...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104806/reducing-unnecessary-testing-an-intervention-to-improve-resident-ordering-practices
#4
Jose Melendez-Rosado, Kristine M Thompson, Jed C Cowdell, Catalina Sanchez Alvarez, Ryan L Ung, Armando Villanueva, Kayin B Jeffers, Jaafer S Imam, Mario V Mitkov, Tasneem A Kaleem, Lewis Jacob, Nancy L Dawson
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To reduce the number of unnecessary laboratory tests ordered through a measurement of effects of education and cost awareness on laboratory ordering behaviour by internal medicine residents for common tests, including complete blood cell count (CBC) and renal profile (RP), and to evaluate effects of cost awareness on hospitalisation, 30-day readmission rate and mortality rate. STUDY DESIGN: 567 patients admitted during February, March and April 2014 were reviewed as the control group...
January 19, 2017: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101125/preventive-transarterial-embolization-in-upper-nonvariceal-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#5
Aleksejs Kaminskis, Aina Kratovska, Sanita Ponomarjova, Anna Tolstova, Maksims Mukans, Solvita Stabiņa, Raivis Gailums, Andrejs Bernšteins, Patricija Ivanova, Viesturs Boka, Guntars Pupelis
BACKGROUND: Transarterial embolization (TAE) is a therapeutic option for patients with a high risk of recurrent bleeding after endoscopic haemostasis. The aim of our prospective study was a preliminary assessment of the safety, efficacy, and clinical outcomes following preventive TAE in patients with non-variceal acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (NVUGIB) with a high risk of recurrent bleeding after endoscopic haemostasis. METHODS: Preventive visceral angiography and TAE were performed after endoscopic haemostasis on patients with NVUGIB who were at a high risk of recurrent bleeding (PE+ group)...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100507/efficacy-of-iron-supplement-bars-to-reduce-anemia-in-urban-indian-women-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Rajvi Mehta, Alyssa C Platt, Xizi Sun, Mukesh Desai, Dennis Clements, Elizabeth L Turner
BACKGROUND: India's high prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia has largely been attributed to the local diet consisting of nonheme iron, which has lower absorption than that of heme iron. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the efficacy of the consumption of iron-supplement bars in raising hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrit percentages in anemic (hemoglobin concentration <12 g/dL) Indian women of reproductive age. DESIGN: The Let's be Well Red study was a 90-d, pair-matched, cluster-randomized controlled trial...
January 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100257/food-specific-sublingual-immunotherapy-is-well-tolerated-and-safe-in-healthy-dogs-a-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#7
E Maina, M Pelst, M Hesta, E Cox
BACKGROUND: Food allergies are increasing in prevalence but no treatment strategies are currently available to cure dogs with food allergy. Over the past decade, experimental food allergen-specific sublingual immunotherapy (FA-SLIT) has emerged as a potential treatment for food allergies in human medicine. However, FA-SLIT has not been investigated in dogs. Therefore, the objective of this study was to prospectively evaluate the safety, tolerability and dispenser sterility of FA-SLIT in healthy dogs before testing it in food allergic dogs...
January 18, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099341/laparoscopic-distal-splenoadrenal-shunt-for-the-treatment-of-portal-hypertension-in-children-with-congenital-hepatic-fibrosis-a-case-report
#8
Jin-Shan Zhang, Wei Cheng, Long Li
BACKGROUND: The distal splenorenal shunt is an effective procedure for the treatment of portal hypertension in children. However, there has been no report about laparoscopic distal splenorenal shunt in the treatment of portal hypertension in children. METHODS: From December 2015 to August 2016, 4 children with upper gastrointestinal bleeding underwent laparoscopic distal splenoadrenal shunt. Portal hypertension and splenomegaly were demonstrated on the preoperative computed tomography (CT) and sonography...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099107/case-238-spontaneous-pneumothorax-secondary-to-intrapulmonary-necrobiotic-rheumatoid-nodule
#9
Ammar A Chaudhry, Maryam Gul, Abbas A Chaudhry, William Moore
History A 54-year-old white woman with a history of rheumatoid arthritis who was taking glucocorticoids and methotrexate presented to the emergency department in December with worsening shortness of breath and chest heaviness for 1 week. She reported additional symptoms of weakness, headache, and arthralgia primarily involving her bilateral hands, wrist, ankles, and feet. She denied experiencing fevers, syncope or presyncope, focal neurologic deficits, chest pain, nausea, vomiting, unintentional weight loss, or recent trauma...
February 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098099/the-evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-serum-levels-of-interleukin-6-and-interleukin-10-and-metabolic-acidosis-in-hemodialysis-patients
#10
Narges Sadat Zahed, Saghar Chehrazi
Chronic kidney disease is defined as progressive kidney dysfunction. The levels of various cytokines increase in hemodialysis (HD) patients. High levels of interleukins (ILs) and presence of metabolic acidosis are described as independent risk factors for morbidity and mortality in these patients. This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between IL-6 and IL-10 and serum bicarbonate and metabolic acidosis in HD patients. In this analytical crosssectional study, patients referred to the HD units of Loghman Hakim and Shahid Ashrafi Esfahani Hospitals were randomly selected...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097942/cd25-as-an-adverse-prognostic-factor-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#11
Shin-Ichiro Fujiwara, Kazuo Muroi, Chihiro Yamamoto, Kaoru Hatano, Kiyoshi Okazuka, Kazuya Sato, Iekuni Oh, Ken Ohmine, Takahiro Suzuki, Keiya Ozawa
OBJECTIVES: CD25 has been reported to be highly expressed in leukemia stem cells and correlated with adverse outcomes in young patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the significance of CD25 expression in elderly patients with AML has not yet been investigated. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 154 newly diagnosed AML patients aged 60 years or over by flow cytometry. RESULTS: CD25-positive AML was characterized by high white blood cell counts, secondary AML, rare favorable karyotypes, and positivity for CD34 and CD7 antigens, compared with CD25-negative AML...
January 18, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096088/how-i-treat-acquired-aplastic-anemia
#12
Andrea Bacigalupo
Acquired severe aplastic anemia (SAA) is a rare hematologic disease associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Immune destruction of hemopoietic stem cells, plays an important role in the pathogenesis, as shown by successful treatment with immunosuppressive agents (IST), leading to transfusion independence, or complete recovery of peripheral blood counts, in a proportion of patients. Growth factors, can be combined with IST, and may improve response rates, as recently shown with thrombopoietin analogs...
January 17, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093857/can-blood-flow-restriction-augment-muscle-activation-during-high-load-training
#13
Scott J Dankel, Samuel L Buckner, Matthew B Jessee, Kevin T Mattocks, J Grant Mouser, Brittany R Counts, Gilberto C Laurentino, Jeremy P Loenneke
INTRODUCTION: Blood flow restriction has been shown to augment muscle activation and increase muscle size when combined with low-load training; however, much less is known on whether blood flow restriction can augment muscle activation during high-load exercise. PURPOSE: To determine whether applying blood flow restriction can augment muscle activation with traditional high-load resistance exercise. METHOD: Ten individuals completed two sets of elbow flexion exercise to volitional fatigue...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093002/predictive-value-of-some-hematological-parameters-for-non-invasive-and-invasive-mole-pregnancies
#14
Cigdem Yayla Abıde, Enis Ozkaya, İlter Yenidede, Ahmet Eser, Evrim Bostancı Ergen, Ahter Tanay Tayyar, Mehmet Baki Senturk, Ates Karateke
AIM: The aim of this study was to discriminate mole pregnancies and invasive forms among cases with first trimester vaginal bleeding by the utilization of some complete blood count parameters conjunct to sonographic findings and beta human chorionic gonadotropin concentration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive 257 cases with histopathologically confirmed mole pregnancies and 199 women without mole pregnancy presented with first trimester vaginal bleeding who admitted to Zeynep Kamil Women and Children's Health Training Hospital between january 2012 to january 2016 were included in this cross sectional study...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089878/pre-transplant-absolute-lymphocyte-counts-impact-the-pharmacokinetics-of-alemtuzumab
#15
Rebecca Marsh, Tsuyoshi Fukuda, Chie Emoto, Lisa Neumeier, Pooja Khandelwal, Sharat Chandra, Ashley Teusink, Alexander Vinks, Parinda A Mehta
Alemtuzumab is frequently used as part of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens for the allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) of pediatric patients with non-malignant diseases. We have previously suggested an optimal Day 0 targeted range of alemtuzumab, but there are no pediatric data regarding the pharmacokinetics (PK) of subcutaneous alemtuzumab to guide precision dosing trials. The goal of this study was to prospectively characterize alemtuzumab PK and to explore absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) as a predictor of interindividual variability...
January 12, 2017: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088962/-efficacy-and-safety-of-sorafenib-as-monotherapy-to-flt3-itd-positive-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#16
J S Jia, H H Zhu, H X Fu, L Z Gong, J Kong, X J Huang, H Jiang
Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of Sorafenib as monotherapy to FLT3 positive acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods: From April 2014 to December 2015, fourteen AML patients with FLT3 positive, 7 males and 7 females with a median age of 42 (range: 14-81) years old, were enrolled in this study. Of the 14 cases, 4 were de novo cases, 9 refractory cases and 1 relapsed case, including 78.6% patients with severe complications and 57.1% patients with KPS score less than 60 [the median KPS score was 45 (20-70) ]...
December 14, 2016: Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Xueyexue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088558/the-effects-of-upper-body-exercise-across-different-levels-of-blood-flow-restriction-on-arterial-occlusion-pressure-and-perceptual-responses
#17
Kevin T Mattocks, Matthew B Jessee, Brittany R Counts, Samuel L Buckner, J Grant Mouser, Scott J Dankel, Gilberto C Laurentino, Jeremy P Loenneke
Recent studies have investigated relative pressures that are applied during blood flow restriction exercise ranging from 40%-90% of resting arterial occlusion pressure; however, no studies have investigated relative pressures below 40% arterial occlusion pressure. The purpose of this study was to characterize the cardiovascular and perceptual responses to different levels of pressures. Twenty-six resistance trained participants performed four sets of unilateral elbow flexion exercise using 30% of their 1RM in combination with blood flow restriction inflated to one of six relative applied pressures (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 50%, 90% arterial occlusion pressure)...
January 11, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081341/association-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-with-the-degree-ofinterstitial-lung-disease-in-systemic-sclerosis
#18
Nurhan Atilla, Gözde Yıldırım Çetin, Ayşe Balkarlı
BACKGROUND/AIM: Determining the severity of systemic sclerosis related interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD) is based on clinical and radiological findings, inflammation marker levels, and carbon monoxide diffusing capacity of the lung (DLCO). Recently studies are ongoing for objective and easy markers. Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is shown to be a good marker for inflammation in recent clinical trials. In this study, we aimed to identify the possible relationship between NLR and carbon monoxide transfer coefficient (KCO) of SSc-ILD patients...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081323/acute-exudative-tonsillitis-in-adults-the-use-of-the-centor-scoreand-some-laboratory-tests
#19
Yavuz Furuncuoğlu, Filiz Sağlam, Ahmet Kutluhan
BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of our study was to determine the usefulness of the Centor score and some basic laboratory tests (complete blood count and C-reactive protein) for the differential diagnosis of exudative tonsillitis due to Group A β-hemolytic streptococcus (GABHS) or due to non-GABHS agents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of clinical and laboratory characteristics of the patients diagnosed with exudative tonsillitis were collected and statistically compared between those having positive GABHS throat culture result and those who were negative for any bacterial agent...
December 20, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080925/cardiac-assessment-of-zoo-kept-black-tailed-prairie-dogs-cynomys-ludovicianus-anesthetized-with-isoflurane
#20
Eric B Garcia, David Eshar, Justin D Thomason, Kenneth R Harkin, David Biller
Cardiomyopathy is suggested to be a relatively common disease condition in prairie dogs; however, there are no reports of normal cardiac echosonography and radiology in the prairie dog ( Cynomys spp.). The objective of this study was to report the ultrasonographic and radiographic measurements of the heart, and plasma troponin concentration in captive healthy anesthetized black-tailed prairie dogs ( Cynomys ludovicianus ). Zoo-kept prairie dogs with no signs of cardiac disease (n = 17) were evaluated. Each animal was anesthetized with isoflurane via face mask and a complete clinical assessment was performed, including complete blood cell count and plasma biochemistry, urinalysis, blood gasses, plasma troponin concentration, three-view whole body radiography, and echocardiogram...
December 2016: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
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