keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

EPA DHA

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811832/dha-increases-adiponectin-expression-more-effectively-than-epa-at-relative-low-concentrations-by-regulating-ppar%C3%AE-and-its-phosphorylation-at-ser273-in-3t3-l1-adipocytes
#1
Jia Song, Cheng Li, Yushan Lv, Yi Zhang, William Kwame Amakye, Limei Mao
BACKGROUND: Enhancing circulating adiponectin is considered as a potential approach for the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) were reported to increase adiponectin by previous studies using a mixture of them. However, their individual effects on adiponectin and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. In the present study, we observed and compared the individual effect of DHA and EPA on adiponectin in 3T3-L1 adipocytes, and further tested whether DHA or EPA regulated adiponectin by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) and its phosphorylation at Ser273 to provide a plausible explanation for their distinct actions...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804463/effect-of-oral-docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-supplementation-on-dha-levels-and-omega-3-index-in-red-blood-cell-membranes-of-breast-cancer-patients
#2
Alessio Molfino, Maria I Amabile, Sara Mazzucco, Gianni Biolo, Alessio Farcomeni, Cesarina Ramaccini, Simonetta Antonaroli, Massimo Monti, Maurizio Muscaritoli
Rationale: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in cell membrane may influence breast cancer (BC) patients' prognosis, affecting tumor cells sensitivity to chemo- and radio-therapy and likely modulating inflammation. The possibility of identifying BC patients presenting with low DHA levels and/or low ability of DHA incorporation into cell membrane might help to treat this condition. Methods: We enrolled BC patients and healthy controls, recording their seafood dietary intake. DHA in form of algal oil was administered for 10 consecutive days (2 g/day)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802571/omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-improve-endothelial-function-in-humans-at-risk-for-atherosclerosis-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Kayla R Zehr, Mary K Walker
Epidemiology studies and clinical trials show that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs) can prevent atherosclerotic morbidity and evidence suggests this may be mediated by improving endothelial dysfunction. Endothelial dysfunction is characterized by reduced vasodilation and a pro-inflammatory, pro-thrombotic state, and is an early pathological event in the development of atherosclerosis. Flow-mediated dilation (FMD), a gold standard for assessing endothelial dysfunction, is a predictor of future cardiovascular events and coronary heart disease risk...
August 9, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800645/analysis-of-endogenous-lipids-during-intestinal-wound-healing
#4
Yunna Lee, Jieun Choo, Su Jin Kim, Gwangbeom Heo, Charalabos Pothoulakis, Yong-Hak Kim, Eunok Im
Intestinal wound healing is a new therapeutic goal for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) as complete healing of the mucosa is the key element of clinical remission in IBD. Previous studies showed that termination of inflammation can be achieved by adding pro-resolving lipids like DHA and EPA exogenously. However, the roles of these lipids in mucosal healing have not been investigated. To recapitulate intestinal healing process, mice were received dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) for 7 days in the drinking water followed by regular tap water for 5 additional days...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800114/fatty-acid-profile-is-modulated-by-dietary-resveratrol-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#5
Claudia Torno, Stefanie Staats, Sonia de Pascual-Teresa, Gerald Rimbach, Carsten Schulz
To produce fish of a high quality that are rich in omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA) and simultaneously generate more sustainable aquaculture, the combined use of phytochemicals and vegetable oils in fish feed seems to be a promising approach. Resveratrol (RV) potentially induces endogenous fatty acid synthesis, resulting in elevated n-3 FA levels in fish. RV putatively influences ∆6-desaturase, the key enzyme in FA metabolism, and serves as a ligand for PPARα, a transcription factor regulating β-oxidation. Rainbow trout (36...
August 11, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797250/omega-3-fatty-acids-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-and-their-mechanisms-of-action-on-apolipoprotein-b-containing-lipoproteins-in-humans-a-review
#6
REVIEW
Jan Oscarsson, Eva Hurt-Camejo
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and genetic studies suggest that elevated triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoprotein levels in the circulation increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. Prescription formulations of omega-3 fatty acids (OM3FAs), mainly eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), reduce plasma TG levels and are approved for the treatment of patients with severe hypertriglyceridemia. Many preclinical studies have investigated the TG-lowering mechanisms of action of OM3FAs, but less is known from clinical studies...
August 10, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793080/effectiveness-of-n-3-fatty-acids-in-the-treatment-of-hypertriglyceridemia-in-hiv-aids-patients-a-meta-analysis
#7
Aline Doria Sobral Vieira, Glória Regina Mesquita da Silveira
Hypertriglyceridemia is common in antiretroviral therapy-treated patients and Omega 3 fatty acids are being used as a intervention in reducing serum triglycerides (TG) in these patients. The objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the use of Omega 3 in the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia in HIV/AIDS patients on antiretroviral therapy. This study is a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials. Electronic databases - PubMed, Cochrane and Lilacs were researched. Fifty one articles were encountered...
August 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790921/fatty-acid-profile-of-neutral-and-polar-lipid-fraction-of-wild-eggs-and-hatchlings-from-wild-and-captive-reared-broodstock-of-octopus-vulgaris
#8
Juan Estefanell, Antonio Mesa-Rodríguez, Besay Ramírez, Antonio La Barbera, Juan Socorro, Carmen María Hernandez-Cruz, María Soledad Izquierdo
The culture of Octopus vulgaris is constrained by unsolved problems in paralarvae rearing, mainly associated to the unknown nutritional requirements of this species in early stages. In this article we studied the fatty acid profile (total, neutral, and polar lipid fractions) in wild eggs and wild hatchlings, collected in Gran Canaria (SW) (Spain) with artificial dens, in comparison to hatchlings obtained in captivity from broodstock fed on trash fish species. Total lipids were 11.5-13.5% dw, with the polar fraction representing a 70...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789722/trends-in-dietary-fat-and-fatty-acid-intakes-and-related-food-sources-among-chinese-adults-a-longitudinal-study-from-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-1997-2011
#9
Xin Shen, Aiping Fang, Jingjing He, Ziqi Liu, Meihan Guo, Rong Gao, Keji Li
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have evaluated the intake trends of fatty acids in China. The present study aimed to describe the profile of longitudinal dietary fat and fatty acid intakes and their related food sources in Chinese adults. DESIGN: A longitudinal study using data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1997-2011) was conducted. Dietary intake was estimated using 24 h recalls combined with a food inventory for three consecutive days. Linear mixed models were used to calculate the adjusted mean intake values...
August 9, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783061/impact-of-biological-feedback-and-incentives-on-blood-fatty-acid-concentrations-including-omega-3-index-in-an-employer-based-wellness-program
#10
Michael I McBurney, Julia K Bird
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) are important fatty acids for the retina and brain. More than 95% of Americans have suboptimal EPA + DHA blood concentrations. This cross-sectional employer-based study assessed whole blood fatty acid levels of volunteers participating in an onsite wellness biometric screening program and was designed to determine if an incentive, a $5 coupon for a 90-day supply of fish oil supplement typically costing $18-30, stimulated incremental dietary behavior change relative to nutritional status assessment alone to increase EPA + DHA concentrations...
August 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782808/lipid-composition-of-membrane-microdomains-isolated-detergent-free-from-pufa-supplemented-raw264-7-macrophages
#11
Christine Hellwing, Feven Tigistu-Sahle, Herbert Fuhrmann, Reijo Käkelä, Julia Schumann
Profound alterations in the lipid profile of raft and non-raft plasma membrane microdomains were found when RAW264.7 macrophages were supplemented with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in physiologically relevant concentrations. For the first time lipids in the detergent-free isolated membrane domains of phagocytic immune cells were characterized by mass spectrometry. The extent of remodeling of the membrane lipids differed with different n3 and n6 PUFA supplements. The mildest effects were detected for -linolenic acid (LNA) and linoleic acid (LA), the C18 precursors of the n3 and n6 families, respectively...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781788/inhibition-of-pc3-human-prostate-cancer-cell-proliferation-invasion-and-migration-by-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid
#12
Keiichi Oono, Katsuya Takahashi, Saeka Sukehara, Hirohito Kurosawa, Tomio Matsumura, Shun'Ichiro Taniguchi, Shoichiro Ohta
The n-3 fatty acids, eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), found in fish oil, exert a number of beneficial effects, and they are used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia. In recent years, EPA and DHA have been found to affect cancer cell proliferation. In the present study, PC3 cells, which are androgen-independent prostate cancer cells that resemble castration-resistant prostate cancer cells, were used to investigate a possible novel treatment for castration-resistant prostate cancer. The PC3 cells were cultured and incubated with various concentrations of EPA or DHA...
August 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776176/white-bass-morone-chrysops-preferentially-retain-n-3-pufa-in-ova-when-fed-prepared-diets-with-varying-fa-content
#13
S Adam Fuller, Steven D Rawles, Matthew E McEntire, Troy J Bader, Marty Riche, Benjamin H Beck, Carl D Webster
We evaluated the fatty acid (FA) composition of broodstock white bass ova fed one of six commercial diets with increasing polyunsaturated FA content (n-6/n-3 ratio; 0.36, 0.39, 0.46, 0.83, 1.07, 1.12) eight weeks prior to sampling. Fatty acid profiles of ova from brooders fed each of the six diets were significantly altered according to canonical discriminant analysis. Ova FA profiles resulting from the 0.39 diet separated those from the 0.36 diet based on lower 18:2n-6 (LNA) and higher 20:1n-9 concentrations from the 0...
August 3, 2017: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770178/chemopreventive-and-chemotherapeutic-effects-of-fish-oil-derived-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-on-colon-carcinogenesis
#14
REVIEW
Ja Young Lee, Tae-Bu Sim, Jeong-Eun Lee, Hye-Kyung Na
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cause of cancer related death in the world. Multiple lines of evidence suggest that there is an association between consumption of dietary fat and colon cancer risk. Not only the amount but also the type and the ratio of fatty acids comprising dietary fats consumed have been implicated in the etiology and pathogenesis of colon cancer. Omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), have been known to inhibit development of colon cancer by downregulating the expression of genes involved in colon carcinogenesis and also by altering the membrane lipid composition...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769811/feeding-relationship-between-octopus-vulgaris-cuvier-1797-early-life-cycle-stages-and-their-prey-in-the-western-iberian-upwelling-system-correlation-of-reciprocal-lipid-and-fatty-acid-contents
#15
Sílvia Lourenço, Álvaro Roura, María-José Fernández-Reiriz, Luís Narciso, Ángel F González
Under the influence of the Western Iberian upwelling system, the Iberian Atlantic coast holds important hatcheries and recruitment areas for Octopus vulgaris. Recently identified as an octopus hatchery, the Ría de Vigo harbors an important mesozooplankton community that supports O. vulgaris paralarvae during the first days of their planktonic stage. This study represents a preliminary approach to determine the nutritional link between wild O. vulgaris hatchlings, paralarvae and their zooplankton prey in the Ría de Vigo, by analyzing their lipid class content and fatty acid profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768293/%C3%AE-3-index-as-a-prognosis-tool-in-cardiovascular-disease
#16
Barbara A Fielding
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In 2004, the 'Ω-3 index' was described as the sum of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20 : 5 n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22 : 6 n-3) in red blood cells (RBCs) as an index of coronary heart disease mortality. This review outlines new evidence to support the Ω-3 index as a tool to inform disease prognosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have reported differential metabolism of EPA and DHA. High-dose supplementation with EPA and DHA led to increased levels of RBC DHA that were associated with decreased liver fat...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767146/a-randomised-trial-of-effects-of-alcohol-on-cytochrome-p450-eicosanoids-mediators-of-inflammation-resolution-and-blood-pressure-in-men
#17
Anne E Barden, Venus Chavez, Michael Phillips, Emilie Mas, Lawrence J Beilin, Kevin D Croft, Trevor A Mori, Ian B Puddey
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular effects of alcohol consumption may be influenced by both pro- and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. We previously showed that chronic alcohol consumption increased blood pressure (BP), oxidative stress and 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), a vasoconstrictor and pro-inflammatory eicosanoid synthesised by CYP450 enzymes from arachidonic acid. This study in men examined the effect of consuming red wine (RW) on BP in relation to changes in 20-HETE, oxidative stress (F2 -isoprostanes), markers of inflammation, anti-inflammatory CYP450 epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) and specialised pro-resolving mediators of inflammation (SPMs) derived from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)...
August 2, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766116/sardine-oil-loaded-vanillic-acid-grafted-chitosan-microparticles-a-new-functional-food-ingredient-attenuates-myocardial-oxidative-stress-and-apoptosis-in-cardiomyoblast-cell-lines-h9c2
#18
K V Vishnu, K K Ajeesh Kumar, Niladri S Chatterjee, R G K Lekshmi, P R Sreerekha, Suseela Mathew, C N Ravishankar
Fish oil has been widely recognized as an excellent dietary source of polyunsaturated n-3 fatty acids such as EPA and DHA. However, it can undergo oxidation easily resulting in the formation of toxic off flavor compounds such as hydroperoxides. These compounds adversely affect the nutritional quality and may induce several stress reactions in body. To solve this problem, a new antioxidant bio-material, vanillic acid-grafted chitosan (Va-g-Ch), was synthesized and used as a wall material for microencapsulation of fish oil...
August 2, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763949/physical-and-oxidative-stability-of-fish-oil-in-water-emulsions-fortified-with-enzymatic-hydrolysates-from-common-carp-cyprinus-carpio-roe
#19
Sakhi Ghelichi, Ann-Dorit Moltke Sørensen, Pedro J García-Moreno, Mona Hajfathalian, Charlotte Jacobsen
Physical and oxidative stability of 5% (by weight) cod liver oil-in-water emulsions fortified with common carp (C. carpio) roe protein hydrolysate (CRPH) were examined. CRPH was obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of discarded roe by using Alcalase 2.4L for 30, 60, 90, and 120min to yield different degrees of hydrolysis (DH). All the hydrolysates showed in vitro antioxidant activity in terms of radical scavenging and chelating properties. CRPH-containing emulsions had significantly smaller droplets than control (p<0...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760435/nutrigenomics-of-%C3%AF-3-fatty-acids-regulators-of-the-master-transcription-factors
#20
REVIEW
Maricela Rodríguez-Cruz, Donovan Solís Serna
It is well known that ω-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) control some key molecular cell mechanisms, resulting in a beneficial role in inflammatory diseases. Such mechanisms are complex and reflect the diversity of their functions, mainly as modulators of the dynamic properties of membranes, regulators of gene expression, and precursors of active mediators. The aim of this review is to summarize the state of the art of the effects and mechanisms by which ω-3 LC-PUFAs such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C22:5 ω-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6 ω-3) regulate different metabolic processes to maintain homeostasis...
September 2017: Nutrition
keyword
keyword
91512
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"