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Sports Dietetics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27042167/critical-evaluation-of-food-intake-and-energy-balance-in-young-modern-pentathlon-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Leticia Azen Alves Coutinho, Cristiana Pedrosa Melo Porto, Anna Paola Trindade Rocha Pierucci
BACKGROUND: Modern pentathlon comprises five sports: fencing, swimming, equestrian jumping, and a combined event of pistol shooting and running. Despite the expected high energy demand of this sport, there are few studies that provide support for the nutritional recommendations for pentathletes. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate young modern pentathlon athletes with respect to body composition, biochemical profile, and consumption of food and supplements. METHODS: Fifty-six young modern pentathletes aged 13...
2016: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26920240/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-dietitians-of-canada-and-the-american-college-of-sports-medicine-nutrition-and-athletic-performance
#2
D Travis Thomas, Kelly Anne Erdman, Louise M Burke
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (Academy), Dietitians of Canada (DC), and the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) that the performance of, and recovery from, sporting activities are enhanced by well-chosen nutrition strategies. These organizations provide guidelines for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food, fluids, and supplements to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competitive sport. This position paper was prepared for members of the Academy, DC, and ACSM, other professional associations, government agencies, industry, and the public...
March 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26917108/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-dietitians-of-canada-and-the-american-college-of-sports-medicine-nutrition-and-athletic-performance
#3
(no author information available yet)
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that the performance of, and recovery from, sporting activities are enhanced by well-chosen nutrition strategies. These organizations provide guidelines for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food, fluids, and supplements to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competitive sport. This position paper was prepared for members of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada (DC), and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), other professional associations, government agencies, industry, and the public...
March 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891166/american-college-of-sports-medicine-joint-position-statement-nutrition-and-athletic-performance
#4
D Travis Thomas, Kelly Anne Erdman, Louise M Burke
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada, and the American College of Sports Medicine that the performance of, and recovery from, sporting activities are enhanced by well-chosen nutrition strategies. These organizations provide guidelines for the appropriate type, amount, and timing of intake of food, fluids, and supplements to promote optimal health and performance across different scenarios of training and competitive sport. This position paper was prepared for members of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Dietitians of Canada (DC), and American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), other professional associations, government agencies, industry, and the public...
March 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26545683/-training-habits-of-female-international-elite-motorcyclist
#5
Marta Martín, Esther Blasco, María Fargueta, Rafael Olcina, Cristina Monleón
INTRODUCTION: there are few studies about the professional Motorcycle. OBJECTIVE: the aim of this work is to analyze the training habits of 18 female motorcyclists of international level and to know the history about the practice of sport, the medical history of injuries and their ailments. METHOD: data collection was performed using a 20-item instrument designed for women riders. It was collected about age, performance level of motor sport, frequency, duration and type of training, injuries and muscle pain...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25726225/body-composition-assessment-of-paddle-and-tennis-adult-male-players
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alejandro Martínez-Rodríguez, Enrique Roche Collado, Néstor Vicente-Salar
INTRODUCTION: Racket sports require athletes to constantly improve and progress in their physical qualities in order to maintain competitive standards. This includes achieving and maintaining an optimal body composition. However, few studies have been published addressing this topic. OBJECTIVE: This study tries to provide a complete anthropometric profile, including somatotype and body composition, of paddle and tennis male adult players. METHODS: Anthropometric parameters including weight, height, skinfolds, girths and breadths were measured in 21 paddle and 26 tennis players, and the results were compared between the two groups as well as a control group, who did not play racket-based sports...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25726218/-effects-of-diet-and-aerobic-or-anaerobic-exercises-on-eating-disorders
#7
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alejandro Martinez-Rodriguez
INTRODUCTION: Endurance exercises have a direct influence on aerobic capacity. To improve this quality is necessary develop an extensive and continuous training sessions. However anaerobic exercise requires low volume of training and high intensity to sport performance. In aerobic or anaerobic exercise is obvious to state that weight reduction must be performed from the body fat component, furthermore is an important point of view from the last years. Therefore, it is of vital importance to control the strategies used by the athletes in order to obtain the correct weight and avoid eating disorders...
October 19, 2014: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25489412/high-tendency-to-the-substantial-concern-on-body-shape-and-eating-disorders-risk-of-the-students-majoring-nutrition-or-sport-sciences
#8
Reyhan Nergiz-Unal, Pelin Bilgiç, Nurcan Yabancı
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Studies have indicated that university students majoring in nutrition and dietetics or sport sciences may have more obsessions associated with eating attitudes and body shape perception compared to other disciplines i.e. social sciences. Therefore, this study aimed to assess and compare the risk of eating disorders and body shape perception. MATERIALS/METHODS: Data was collected from 773 undergraduate students at the Departments of Nutrition and Dietetics (NDD) (n = 254), Physical Education and Sports (PESD) (n = 263), and Social Sciences (SOC) (n = 256)...
December 2014: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25252338/relationship-between-general-nutrition-knowledge-and-dietary-quality-in-elite-athletes
#9
Inge Spronk, Susan E Heaney, Tania Prvan, Helen T O'Connor
UNLABELLED: This study investigated the association between general nutrition knowledge and dietary quality in a convenience sample of athletes (≥ state level) recruited from four Australian State Sport Institutes. General nutrition knowledge was measured by the validated General Nutrition Knowledge Questionnaire and diet quality by an adapted version of the Australian Recommended Food Score (A-ARFS) calculated from food frequency questionnaire data. Analysis of variance and linear modeling were used to assess relationships between variables...
June 2015: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25095736/university-courses-eating-problems-and-muscle-dysmorphia-are-there-any-associations
#10
Simona Bo, Rossana Zoccali, Valentina Ponzo, Laura Soldati, Luca De Carli, Andrea Benso, Elisabetta Fea, Alberto Rainoldi, Marilena Durazzo, Secondo Fassino, Giovanni Abbate-Daga
BACKGROUND: Orthorexia and muscle dysmorphia are disorders affecting above all young adults whose prevalence and social impact are still unclear. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of the traits of orthorexia and muscle dysmorphia among freshmen attending university courses focused on nutrition (Dietetics) and body care (Exercise and Sport Sciences). Students of Biology were considered as a control group. The prevalence of eating disorder (ED) traits were also evaluated. METHODS: All participants (n = 440; n = 53 Dietetics school, n = 200 Exercise and Sport Sciences school, n = 187 the Biology school) completed the following questionnaires: ORTO-15, Muscle-Dysmorphic-Disorder-Inventory, and Eating Attitudes Test-26...
2014: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25072667/a-brief-review-the-implications-of-iron-supplementation-for-marathon-runners-on-health-and-performance
#11
REVIEW
Michael C Zourdos, Marcos A Sanchez-Gonzalez, Sara E Mahoney
The marathon is considered one of the most demanding endurance events, imposing an enormous amount of physiological stress on bodily structures, the metabolic machinery, and organ systems. Scientific evidence has conclusively shown that marathoners are in need of special nutritional strategies to maintain performance and health. Indeed, among competitive athletes, marathoners are at greater risk to develop anemia, bone mineral density loss, immunosuppression, and other clinical syndromes that may affect performance...
February 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24932615/energy-balance-at-a-crossroads-translating-the-science-into-action
#12
Melinda M Manore, Katie Brown, Linda Houtkooper, John Jakicic, John C Peters, Marianne Smith Edge, Alison Steiber, Scott Going, Lisa Guillermin Gable, Ann Marie Krautheim
UNLABELLED: One of the major challenges facing the United States is the high number of overweight and obese adults and the growing number of overweight and unfit children and youth. To improve the nation's health, young people must move into adulthood without the burden of obesity and its associated chronic diseases. PURPOSE: To address these issues, the American College of Sports Medicine, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, and the US Department of Agriculture/Agriculture Research Service convened an expert panel meeting in October 2012 titled "Energy Balance at a Crossroads: Translating the Science into Action...
July 2014: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24903640/evaluation-of-food-provision-and-nutrition-support-at-the-london-2012-olympic-games-the-opinion-of-sports-nutrition-experts
#13
Fiona Pelly, Nanna L Meyer, Jeni Pearce, Sarah J Burkhart, Louise M Burke
The aim of this study was to evaluate the food provision and nutrition support at the London 2012 Olympic (OG) and Paralympic Games (PG) from the perspective of sports nutrition experts attending the event. Participants (n = 15) were asked to complete an online survey and rate on a Likert scale menu qualities, food safety, sustainability practices, nutrition labeling, and provision for cultural needs, dietary regimes and specific situations. Open-ended responses were incorporated to explore expert opinion and areas for improvement...
December 2014: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24880674/systemic-hydration-relating-science-to-clinical-practice-in-vocal-health
#14
REVIEW
Naomi A Hartley, Susan L Thibeault
OBJECTIVES: To examine the current state of the science regarding the role of systemic hydration in vocal function and health. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review. METHODS: Literature search spanning multiple disciplines, including speech-language pathology, nutrition and dietetics, medicine, sports and exercise science, physiology, and biomechanics. RESULTS: The relationship between hydration and physical function is an area of common interest among multiple professions...
September 2014: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24668620/sports-dietitians-australia-position-statement-sports-nutrition-for-the-adolescent-athlete
#15
Ben Desbrow, Joanna McCormack, Louise M Burke, Gregory R Cox, Kieran Fallon, Matthew Hislop, Ruth Logan, Nello Marino, Susan M Sawyer, Greg Shaw, Anita Star, Helen Vidgen, Michael Leveritt
It is the position of Sports Dietitians Australia (SDA) that adolescent athletes have unique nutritional requirements as a consequence of undertaking daily training and competition in addition to the demands of growth and development. As such, SDA established an expert multidisciplinary panel to undertake an independent review of the relevant scientific evidence and consulted with its professional members to develop sports nutrition recommendations for active and competitive adolescent athletes. The position of SDA is that dietary education and recommendations for these adolescent athletes should reinforce eating for long term health...
October 2014: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24656504/academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-revised-2014-standards-of-practice-and-standards-of-professional-performance-for-registered-dietitian-nutritionists-competent-proficient-and-expert-in-sports-nutrition-and-dietetics
#16
Patricia L Steinmuller, Laura J Kruskall, Christine A Karpinski, Melinda M Manore, Michele A Macedonio, Nanna L Meyer
Sports nutrition and dietetics addresses relationships of nutrition with physical activity, including weight management, exercise, and physical performance. Nutrition plays a key role in the prevention and treatment of obesity and chronic disease and for maintenance of health, and the ability to engage in physical activity, sports, and other aspects of physical performance. Thus, the Sports, Cardiovascular, and Wellness Nutrition Dietetic Practice Group, with guidance from the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Quality Management Committee, has developed the Revised 2014 Standards of Practice and Standards of Professional Performance as a resource for Registered Dietitian Nutritionists working in sports nutrition and dietetics to assess their current skill levels and to identify areas for further professional development in this emerging practice area...
April 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24219495/beyond-sports-nutrition-the-diverse-role-of-dietitians-at-the-delhi-2010-commonwealth-games
#17
S J Burkhart, F E Pelly
BACKGROUND: Although registered sports dietitians commonly assist athletes with training and competition nutrition advice, an emerging area of practice is focused around food provision and nutrition support provided at major competition events. The present study aimed, first, to identify the dietetic skills and scope of practice that dietitians may require to work in this environment as determined by the occasions of service provided by dietitians at a nutrition kiosk located in the dining hall at a major competition event and, second, to investigate athletes' opinion and usage of the nutrition services and the association with their type of sport and previous source of nutrition information...
December 2014: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24171224/-endocrine-metabolic-adjustments-during-ramadan-fasting-in-young-athletes
#18
Raúl Guerrero-Morilla, Jesús Ramírez-Rodrigo, Gonzalo Ruiz-Villaverde, Ma Angeles Sánchez-Caravaca, Barbara Alejandra Pérez-Moreno, Carmen Villaverde-Gutiérrez
The Islamic precept of R implies important physiological modifications due to the hydric and dietetic restrictions along a whole month plus a day, all of which have a crucial repercussion over the physical and intellectual performance of Muslims, particularly in occidental societies, in which there is no hour readjustments for daily activities. Among the imposed modifications by Ramadan in daily habits, intermittent fasting along day and night causes adaptation mechanisms to optimize the energy consumption...
March 2013: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24088664/dietitian-observed-macronutrient-intakes-of-young-skill-and-team-sport-athletes-adequacy-of-pre-during-and-postexercise-nutrition
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Lindsay B Baker, Lisa E Heaton, Ryan P Nuccio, Kimberly W Stein
CONTEXT: Sports nutrition experts recommend that team-sport athletes participating in intermittent high-intensity exercise for ≥1 hr consume 1-4 g carbohydrate/kg 1-4 hr before, 30-60 g carbohydrate/hr during, and 1-1.2 g carbohydrate/kg/hr and 20-25 g protein as soon as possible after exercise. The study objective was to compare observed vs. recommended macronutrient intake of competitive athletes under free-living conditions. METHODS: The dietary intake of 29 skill/team-sport athletes (14-19 y; 22 male, 7 female) was observed at a sports training facility by trained registered dietitians for one 24-hr period...
April 2014: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24021735/group-and-individual-agreement-between-field-and-dual-x-ray-absorptiometry-based-body-composition-techniques-in-children-from-standard-schools-and-a-sports-academy
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Konstantinos Gerasimidis, Sheila Shepherd, Rajeeb Rashid, Christine Ann Edwards, Faisal Ahmed
Percentage fat (%FM) and fat-free mass (FFM) were measured in 37 children from a sports academy and in 71 children from standard schools with dual x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) using the manufacturer's equation (Tanita) and an ethnic-specific prediction equation (Haroun). In the standard school, BIA overestimated FFM and underestimated %FM by a mean of 2.5 kg and 5.2%, respectively, using the Tanita equation. In girls from the sports academy, the Tanita equation underestimated FFM and overestimated %FM compared with DXA (mean difference BIA-DXA; FFM: -1...
January 2014: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
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