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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646459/silymarin-inhibits-adipogenesis-in-the-adipocytes-in-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idellus-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#1
Peizhen Xiao, Zhou Yang, Jian Sun, Jingjing Tian, Zhiguang Chang, Xuexian Li, Baotong Zhang, Yuantu Ye, Hong Ji, Ermeng Yu, Jun Xie
In this study, two experiments were performed to explore the function of silymarin in adipogenesis in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) using in vitro and in vivo models. In experiment 1, differentiated grass carp pre-adipocytes were treated with silymarin for 6 days. Treatment with 100 μg mL(-1)silymarin (SM100 group) significantly reduced triglyceride accumulation at day 6. The adipogenic gene expression levels of PPARγ, C/EBPα, SREBP1c, FAS, SCD1, and LPL, and the protein expression level of PPARγ were significantly down-regulated in the SM100 group...
June 23, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643485/accuracy-assessment-of-five-equations-used-for-estimating-the-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-korean-adults
#2
Tae Dong Jeong, Eun Jung Cho, Woochang Lee, Sail Chun, Ki Sook Hong, Won Ki Min
BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the performance of the five creatinine-based equations commonly used for estimates of the glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), namely, the creatinine-based Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPIcr), Asian CKD-EPI, revised Lund-Malmö (revised LM), full age spectrum (FAS), and Korean FAS equations, in the Korean population. METHODS: A total of 1,312 patients, aged 20 yr and above who underwent ⁵¹Cr-EDTA GFR measurements (mGFR), were enrolled...
September 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642882/tumor-related-exosomes-contribute-to-tumor-promoting-microenvironment-an-immunological-perspective
#3
REVIEW
Wuzhen Chen, Jingxin Jiang, Wenjie Xia, Jian Huang
Exosomes are a kind of cell-released membrane-form structures which contain proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids. These vesicular organelles play a key role in intercellular communication. Numerous experiments demonstrated that tumor-related exosomes (TEXs) can induce immune surveillance in the microenvironment in vivo and in vitro. They can interfere with the maturation of DC cells, impair NK cell activation, induce myeloid-derived suppressor cells, and educate macrophages into protumor phenotype. They can also selectively induce effector T cell apoptosis via Fas/FasL interaction and enhance regulatory T cell proliferation and function by releasing TGF-β...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637686/high-serum-phospholipid-dihomo-%C3%AE-linoleic-acid-concentration-and-low-%C3%AE-5-desaturase-activity-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-among-japanese-adults-in-the-hitachi-health-study
#4
Shamima Akter, Kayo Kurotani, Masao Sato, Takuya Hayashi, Keisuke Kuwahara, Yumi Matsushita, Tohru Nakagawa, Maki Konishi, Toru Honda, Shuichiro Yamamoto, Takeshi Hayashi, Mitsuhiko Noda, Tetsuya Mizoue
Background: The association between the circulating fatty acid (FA) composition and type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been reported in Western populations, but evidence is scarce among Asian populations, including Japanese, who consume large amounts of fish.Objective: The objective of the present study was to prospectively examine the association between circulating concentrations of individual FAs and T2D incidence among Japanese adults.Methods: We conducted a nested case-control study in a cohort of 4754 employees, aged 34-69 y, who attended a comprehensive health checkup in 2008-2009 and donated blood samples for the Hitachi Health Study...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636875/effects-of-prenatal-binge-like-ethanol-exposure-and-maternal-stress-on-postnatal-morphological-development-of-hippocampal-neurons-in-rats
#5
Ewa Jakubowska-Dogru, Birsen Elibol, Ilknur Dursun, Sinan Yürüker
BACKGROUND: Alcohol is one of the most commonly used drugs of abuse negatively affecting human health and it is known as a potent teratogen responsible for fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is characterized by cognitive deficits especially pronounced in juveniles but ameliorating in adults. Searching for the potential morphological correlates of these effects, in this study, we compared the course of developmental changes in the morphology of principal hippocampal neurons in fetal-alcohol (A group), intubated control (IC group), and intact control male rats (C group) over a protracted period of the first two postnatal months...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636830/attenuation-of-hepatic-steatosis-by-purple-sweet-potato-color-is-associated-with-blocking-src-erk-c-ebp%C3%AE-signalling-in-high-fat-diet-treated-mice
#6
Xin Wang, Zi-Feng Zhang, Gui-Hong Zheng, Ai-Min Wang, Chun-Hui Sun, Su-Ping Qin, Juan Zhuang, Jun Lu, Dai-Fu Ma, Yuan-Lin Zheng
Our previous work showed that purple sweet potato color (PSPC), a class of naturally occurring anthocyanins, effectively improved hepatic glucose metabolic dysfunction in high-fat diet (HFD)-treated mice. This study investigated the effects of PSPC on HFD-induced hepatic steatosis and the signalling events associated with these effects. Mice were divided into four groups: Control group, HFD group, HFD+PSPC group and PSPC group. PSPC was administered daily for 20 weeks at oral doses of 700 mg/kg/day. Our results showed that PSPC significantly improved obesity and related metabolic parameters, as well as liver injury in HFD-treated mice...
June 21, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635329/lead-induces-siberian-tiger-fibroblast-apoptosis-by-interfering-with-intracellular-homeostasis
#7
Zheng Liu, Hui Wang, Wenxiu Zhang, Ziao Yuan, Hongyi Yuan, Xueting Liu, Minghai Zhang, Xuesong Guo, Weijun Guan
Lead (Pb(2+)) is a poisonous heavy metal that causes many pathophysiological effects in living systems. Its toxicological effects are well known as it causes apoptosis of several cell types and tissues. This study aimed to determine the criteria required for early diagnosis of Pb(2+) poisoning in the Siberian tiger using a tiger population in China, to identify a safety Pb(2+) concentration threshold, and to provide suggestions for preventing Pb(2+) poisoning in Siberian tigers. We investigated the apoptotic effects of Pb(2+) (0, 32, 64, and 125 μM) for 12-48 h on Siberian tiger fibroblasts in vitro...
June 21, 2017: Drug and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635324/gliptins-suppress-inflammatory-macrophage-activation-to-mitigate-inflammation-fibrosis-oxidative-stress-and-vascular-dysfunction-in-models-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-liver-fibrosis
#8
Xiaoyu Wang, Michael Hausding, Shih-Yen Weng, Yong Ook Kim, Sebastian Steven, Thomas Klein, Andreas Daiber, Detlef Schuppan
AIMS: Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by steatosis, panlobular inflammation, liver fibrosis and increased cardiovascular mortality. Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitors (gliptins) are indirect glucagon like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists with antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory activity, used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Their potential and underlying mechanisms to treat metabolic liver inflammation and fibrosis as well as the associated vascular dysfunction remain to be explored...
June 21, 2017: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634776/evidence-supporting-the-internal-validity-of-the-proposed-nd-pae-disorder
#9
Julie A Kable, Claire D Coles
The internal validity of the proposed Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) was evaluated in children diagnosed with either Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) or partial FAS who were 3-10 years of age and had enrolled in a math intervention study. Symptoms were coded as present or absent using assessments conducted in the study, including standardized measures of neurocognitive and behavioral functioning, parent interview, and direct observations of the child. The number of endorsed ND-PAE symptoms was not related to environmental factors but was moderately related to the child's age...
June 20, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629361/decoy-receptor-3-an-endogenous-immunomodulator-in-cancer-growth-and-inflammatory-reactions
#10
REVIEW
Shie-Liang Hsieh, Wan-Wan Lin
Decoy receptor 3 (DcR3), also known as tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily member 6b (TNFRSF6B), is a soluble decoy receptor which can neutralize the biological functions of three members of tumor necrosis factor superfamily (TNFSF): Fas ligand (FasL), LIGHT, and TL1A. In addition to 'decoy' function, recombinant DcR3.Fc is able to modulate the activation and differentiation of dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages via 'non-decoy' action. DcR3-treated DCs skew T cell differentiation into Th2 phenotype, while DcR3-treated macrophages behave M2 phenotype...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627735/genetic-alterations-in-adult-t-cell-leukemia-lymphoma
#11
REVIEW
Yasunori Kogure, Keisuke Kataoka
Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is a peripheral T-cell neoplasm with a dismal prognosis, caused by human T-cell leukemia virus type-1 (HTLV-1) retrovirus. A long latency period from HTLV-1 infection to ATL onset suggests that not only HTLV-1 proteins, such as Tax and HBZ, but also additional genetic and/or epigenetic events are required for ATL development. Although many studies have demonstrated the biological functions of viral genes, alterations of cellular genes associated with ATL have not been fully investigated...
June 19, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627691/scutellaria%C3%A2-baicalensis-georgi-induces-caspase-dependent-apoptosis-via-mitogen-activated-protein-kinase-activation-and-the-generation-of-reactive-oxygen-species-signaling-pathways-in-mcf-7-breast-cancer-cells
#12
Jin Ryeong Park, Min Cheol Lee, Seong-Cheol Moon, Junghoon Kim, Ki-Tae Ha, Eun Jung Park, Chansik Hong, Byoung-Do Seo, Byung Joo Kim
Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi extract (SBGE) is used in traditional herbal medicine and has also been used clinically to ameliorate the symptoms of various inflammatory diseases and cancer. In women, breast cancer is one of the most common diseases and numerous women succumb to it. The present study was undertaken to investigate the mechanism responsible for the SBGE‑induced apoptosis of MCF‑7 human breast cancer cells. SBGE was administered to cells at concentrations between 100 and 500 mg/ml, and cell viabilities were identified using an MTT assay...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627601/an-in%C3%A2-vitro-study-on-the-effects-of-the-combination-of-salinomycin-with-cisplatin-on-human-gastric-cancer-cells
#13
Zuwen Zhang, Jumei Zhao, Qiuxia Pang, Aihong Wang, Meini Chen, Xiaoli Wei
The present study aimed to investigate the anticancer effects of cisplatin (DDP) combined with salinomycin (SAL) on the gastric cancer cell line SGC‑7901, as well as to explore the mechanisms underlying their actions. An MTT assay was used to evaluate the inhibitory effects of SAL, DDP and their combination on gastric cancer cell proliferation. Morphological alterations of cancer cells following treatment were observed under an inverted phase‑contrast microscope and a fluorescence microscope. Cell cycle progression and apoptosis were analyzed using flow cytometry...
June 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627587/effects-of-salinomycin-and-17%C3%A2-aag-on-proliferation-of-human-gastric-cancer-cells-in%C3%A2-vitro
#14
Zuwen Zhang, Jumei Zhao, Zhikuan Mi, Qiuxia Pang, Aihong Wang, Meini Chen, Xiaobin Liu, Xiaoli Wei, Tao Liu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of 17‑AAG combined with salinomycin treatment on proliferation and apoptosis of the SGC‑7901 gastric cancer cell line. An MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of SGC‑7901 cells. Morphological alterations of cells were observed under inverted phase‑contrast and fluorescence microscopes. Cell cycle and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry analysis. The protein expression of nuclear factor (NF)‑κB p65 and Fas‑ligand (L) were evaluated by immunocytochemistry...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627468/a-novel-chalcone-derivative-lqfm064-induces-breast-cancer-cells-death-via-p53-p21-kit-and-pdgfra
#15
Bruna Lannuce Silva Cabral, Artur Christian Garcia da Silva, Renato Ivan de Ávila, Alane Pereira Cortez, Rangel Magalhães Luzin, Luciano Morais Lião, Eric de Souza Gil, Gérman Sanz, Boniek G Vaz, José R Sabino, Ricardo Menegatti, Marize Campos Valadares
This study shows the design, synthesis and antitumoral potential evaluation of a novel chalcone-like compound, (E)-3- (3, 5-di-ter-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)-1- (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl) prop-2-en-1-one [LQFM064) (4)], against human breast adenocarcinoma MCF7 cells. Some toxicological parameters were also investigated. LQFM064) (4) exhibited cytotoxic activity against MCF7 cells (IC50=21μM), in a concentration dependent-manner, and triggered significant changes in cell morphology and biochemical/molecular parameters, which are suggestive of an apoptosis inductor...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625872/decreased-enteritis-resistance-ability-by-dietary-low-or-excess-levels-of-lipids-through-impairing-the-intestinal-physical-and-immune-barriers-function-of-young-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#16
Lin Feng, Pei-Jun Ni, Wei-Dan Jiang, Pei Wu, Yang Liu, Jun Jiang, Sheng-Yao Kuang, Ling Tang, Wu-Neng Tang, Yong-An Zhang, Xu Tang, He-Qun Shi, Xiao-Qiu Zhou
The current study explores the hypothesis that low or excess levels of lipids decrease the enteritis resistance ability through impairing the intestinal physical and immune barrier function of young grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). A total of 540 young grass carp with an average initial weight of 261.41 ± 0.53 g were fed diets containing six graded levels of lipids at 5.9, 21.4, 36.0, 50.2, 66.6 and 80.1 g/kg for 8 weeks. After that, a challenge trial was conducted by injection of Aeromonas hydrophila over 2 weeks...
June 15, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625107/associations-between-omega-3-fatty-acids-and-25-oh-d-and-psychological-distress-among-inuit-in-canada
#17
Hans-Ragnar Skogli, Dominique Geoffroy, Hope A Weiler, Grethe S Tell, Laurence J Kirmayer, Grace M Egeland
BACKGROUND: Inuit in Canada have experienced dietary changes over recent generations, but how this relates to psychological distress has not been investigated. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how nutritional biomarkers are related to psychological distress. DESIGN: A total of 36 communities in northern Canada participated in the International Polar Year Inuit Health Survey (2007-2008). Of 2796 households, 1901 (68%) participated; 1699 Inuit adults gave blood samples for biomarker analysis and answered the Kessler 6-item psychological distress questionnaire (K6)...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623919/effects-of-karela-bitter-melon-momordica-charantia-on-genes-of-lipids-and-carbohydrates-metabolism-in-experimental-hypercholesterolemia-biochemical-molecular-and-histopathological-study
#18
Dalia Yossri Saad, Mohamed Mohamed Soliman, Ahmed A Baiomy, Magdy Hassan Yassin, Hanan Basiouni El-Sawy
BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia is a serious diseases associated with type-2 diabetes, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular disorders and liver diseases. Humans seek for safe herbal medication such as karela (Momordica charantia/bitter melon) to treat such disorders to avoid side effect of pharmacotherapies widely used. METHODS: Forty male Wistar rats were divided into four equal groups; control group with free access to food and water, cholesterol administered group (40 mg/kg BW orally); karela administered group (5 g /kg BW orally) and mixture of cholesterol and karela...
June 17, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623138/hp1%C3%AE-is-highly-expressed-in-glioma-cells-and-facilitates-cell-proliferation-and-survival
#19
Xianliang Lai, Zhifeng Deng, Hua Guo, Xingen Zhu, Wei Tu
Epigenetic alteration plays critical roles in gliomagenesis by regulating gene expression through modifications of Histones and DNA. Trimethylation of H3K9, an essential repressed transcription mark, and one of its methyltransferase, SUV39H1, are implicated in glioma pathogenesis and progression. We find that the protein level of HP1α, a reader of H3K9me3 is elevated in cultured glioma cell lines and glioma tissues. H3K9me3 is also upregulated. Depletion of HP1α and SUV39H1 weakens glioma cell proliferation capacity and results in apoptosis of cells...
June 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622919/diet-of-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-bread-and-butter
#20
REVIEW
Mélanie K Rich, Eva Nouri, Pierre-Emmanuel Courty, Didier Reinhardt
Most plants entertain mutualistic interactions known as arbuscular mycorrhiza (AM) with soil fungi (Glomeromycota) which provide them with mineral nutrients in exchange for reduced carbon from the plant. Mycorrhizal roots represent strong carbon sinks in which hexoses are transferred from the plant host to the fungus. However, most of the carbon in AM fungi is stored in the form of lipids. The absence of the type I fatty acid synthase (FAS-I) complex from the AM fungal model species Rhizophagus irregularis suggests that lipids may also have a role in nutrition of the fungal partner...
June 13, 2017: Trends in Plant Science
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