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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072472/sonographic-findings-of-chondral-avulsion-fractures-of-the-lateral-ankle-ligaments-in-children
#1
Manabu Maeda, Nana Maeda, Takanori Takaoka, Yasuhito Tanaka
In this series, we aimed to describe the sonographic findings of chondral avulsion fractures that develop concomitant with lateral ankle ligament injury in children. We performed stress sonography during a manual anterior drawer stress procedure of the ankle in 9 skeletally immature patients who had recently had a lateral ankle sprain. Echo videos were obtained through the course of treatment, and all videos were reviewed. We elucidated the common features of chondral avulsion fractures of the lateral ankle ligaments in the children...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058662/os-peroneum-imaging-normal-appearance-and-pathological-findings
#2
REVIEW
Stefano Bianchi, Chandra Bortolotto, Ferdinando Draghi
The os peroneum (OP) is a small sesamoid bone located inside the peroneus longus tendon (PLT), close to the cuboid. The OP can be the cause of pain and can be associated with lesions of the PLT. OP involvement in PLT disorders is frequently misdiagnosed by radiologists. Painful os peroneum syndrome (POPS) refers to a variety of conditions presenting with pain localized on the lateral aspect of the cuboid area. The syndrome can be observed as a consequence of local acute trauma such as ankle sprains or chronic overuse...
January 5, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057351/preparatory-co-activation-of-the-ankle-muscles-may-prevent-ankle-inversion-injuries
#3
Matthew S DeMers, Jennifer L Hicks, Scott L Delp
Ankle inversion sprains are the most frequent acute musculoskeletal injuries occurring in physical activity. Interventions that retrain muscle coordination have helped rehabilitate injured ankles, but it is unclear which muscle coordination strategies, if any, can prevent ankle sprains. The purpose of this study was to determine whether coordinated activity of the ankle muscles could prevent excessive ankle inversion during a simulated landing on a 30° incline. We used a set of musculoskeletal simulations to evaluate the efficacy of two strategies for coordinating the ankle evertor and invertor muscles during simulated landing scenarios: planned co-activation and stretch reflex activation with physiologic latency (60-ms delay)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053200/treatment-and-prevention-of-acute-and-recurrent-ankle-sprain-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-with-meta-analysis
#4
Cailbhe Doherty, Chris Bleakley, Eamonn Delahunt, Sinead Holden
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are highly prevalent with high risk of recurrence. Consequently, there are a significant number of research reports examining strategies for treating and preventing acute and recurrent sprains (otherwise known as chronic ankle instability (CAI)), with a coinciding proliferation of review articles summarising these reports. OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic overview of the systematic reviews evaluating treatment strategies for acute ankle sprain and CAI...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033652/high-ankle-injury-rate-in-adolescent-basketball-a-3-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#5
K Pasanen, T Ekola, T Vasankari, P Kannus, A Heinonen, U M Kujala, J Parkkari
This prospective study investigated the incidence and pattern of acute time-loss injuries in young female and male basketball players. Eight basketball teams (n=201; mean age 14.85±1.5) participated in the follow-up study (2011-2014). The coaches recorded player participation in practices and games on a team diary. A study physician contacted the teams once a week to check new injuries and interviewed the injured players. In total, 158 injuries occurred. The overall rate of injury (per 1000 hours) was 2.64 (95% CI 2...
December 29, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999731/clinical-commentary-on-midfoot-and-forefoot-involvement-in-lateral-ankle-sprains-and-chronic-ankle-instability-part-2-clinical-considerations
#6
John J Fraser, Mark A Feger, Jay Hertel
Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) and chronic ankle instability (CAI) are common musculoskeletal injuries that are a result of inversion injury during sport. The midfoot and forefoot is frequently injured during a LAS, is often overlooked during clinical examination, and maybe contributory to the development of CAI. The purpose of part two of this clinical commentary and current concept review is to increase clinician's awareness of the contribution of midfoot and forefoot impairment to functional limitation and disability of individuals who experience LAS and CAI and to facilitate future research in this area...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994717/evaluation-and-management-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus
#7
REVIEW
Christopher A Looze, Jason Capo, Michael K Ryan, John P Begly, Cary Chapman, David Swanson, Brian C Singh, Eric J Strauss
Osteochondral lesions of the talus are common injuries that affect a wide variety of active patients. The majority of these lesions are associated with ankle sprains and fractures though several nontraumatic etiologies have also been recognized. Patients normally present with a history of prior ankle injury and/or instability. In addition to standard ankle radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are used to characterize the extent of the lesion and involvement of the subchondral bone...
January 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993094/talonavicular-ligament-prevalence-of-injury-in-ankle-sprains-histological-analysis-and-hypothesis-of-its-biomechanical-function
#8
Miriam De Dea, Constantinos Loizou, Georgina M Allen, David J Wilson, Nick Athanasou, Yoshinobu Uchihara, Paul Cooke, Thomas Cosker
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of injury of the talonavicular ligament (TNL) in ankle sprains, its anatomy and the stability of the talonavicular joint (TNJ) before and after dividing the TNL in a cadaver. METHODS: During a prospective study of 100 patients to assess the outcome of ankle injuries we noted high incidence of TNL injuries: we will discuss here the TNL findings. Each patient had undergone ultrasound (US) and cone beam computed tomography examination of the ankle...
December 20, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992290/patient-reported-outcomes-following-platelet-rich-plasma-injections-in-treating-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-a-critically-appraised-topic
#9
Samuel F Jazzo, Daniel Scribner, Stephanie Shay, Kyung-Min Kim
: Clinical Scenario: Osteochondral lesions (OCLs) of the talus can result from ankle sprains which are the most common injury in the physically active. Recently, Platelet-rich Plasma (PRP) has been used to develop an innovate treatment for OCLs of the Talus. CLINICAL QUESTION: Do PRP injections improve self-reported pain and ankle function in patients with OCL of the talus? Summary of Key Findings: Three randomized-controlled trials were included. One of the studies compared a single dose of PRP to a single dose of hyaluronic acid (HA) or saline when added as an adjunct to microfracture surgery...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992287/evaluating-postural-control-and-ankle-laxity-between-taping-and-high-top-cleats-in-high-school-football-players
#10
Douglas A Pizac, Charles B Swanik, Joseph J Glutting, Thomas W Kaminski
CONTEXT: Lateral ankle sprains are the most common injuries in high school sports. While ankle taping is a preferred method of external prophylactic support, its restrictive properties decline during exercise. The Under Armour® Highlight cleat is marketed on the premise that it provides added support without the need for additional ankle taping. OBJECTIVE: To determine if differences in ankle joint laxity and postural control exist between football players wearing the Under Armour® Highlight cleat (Baltimore, MD) as compared to a low/mid-top cleat with ankle tape...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992246/toe-in-landing-increases-the-ankle-inversion-angle-and-moment-during-single-leg-landing-implications-in-the-prevention-of-lateral-ankle-sprains
#11
Yuta Koshino, Tomoya Ishida, Masanori Yamanaka, Mina Samukawa, Takumi Kobayashi, Harukazu Tohyama
CONTEXT: Identifying the foot positions that are vulnerable to lateral ankle sprains is important for injury prevention. The effects of foot position in the transverse plane on ankle biomechanics during landing are unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of toe-in or toe-out positioning on ankle inversion motion and moment during single-leg landing. DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Eighteen healthy participants (nine men and nine women)...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988093/the-strengthen-your-ankle-program-to-prevent-recurrent-injuries-a-randomized-controlled-trial-aimed-at-long-term-effectiveness
#12
M Van Reijen, I Vriend, V Zuidema, W van Mechelen, E A Verhagen
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent ankle sprains can be reduced by a neuromuscular training program (NMT). The way NMT is delivered may influence the incidence of long term recurrent injuries, residual pain and disability. DESIGN: This RCT with a follow-up of twelve months, evaluated whether the implementation method of a proven effective NMT program delivered by a mobile application or a written instruction booklet, resulted in differences in injury incidence rates, functional ankle disability/pain in the long term, assuming equal compliance - as is shown in previous research - with the 8-week intervention...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973938/anesthetic-management-of-a-patient-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome
#13
Naohiro Ohshita, Masahiko Kanazumi, Kaname Tsuji, Hiroaki Yoshida, Shosuke Morita, Yoshihiro Momota, Yasuo M Tsutsumi
We describe the case of a 37-year-old woman who had been diagnosed with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) 4 years earlier and was scheduled to undergo removal of synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint. EDS is a heritable connective tissue disorder and has 6 types. In this case, the patient was classified into EDS hypermobility type. The major clinical feature of this type is joint hypermobility. The patient had sprain or subluxation of the elbows and ankles and dislocation of the knees. Anticipated problems during general anesthesia would be affected by the disease type...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966742/genetic-association-between-actn3-polymorphism-and-risk-of-non-acute-ankle-sprain
#14
B Qi, J Q Liu, G L Liu
In this study, we investigated the association between ACTN3 R577X polymorphism and non-acute ankle sprain by measuring the allele frequency and genotype distribution of ACTN3 in a Chinese Han population. We recruited 100 patients with non-acute ankle sprain and 100 healthy controls with no history of ankle injuries. Mass spectrometric analysis of single nucleotide polymorphism was used to analyze the genotype and allele frequencies of ACTN3. Results showed that the genotype frequency of RR in patients was 12...
December 2, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941275/increased-postural-sway-and-changes-in-the-neuromuscular-activities-of-the-ankle-stabilizing-muscles-at-ovulation-in-healthy-young-women
#15
Haneul Lee, JongEun Yim
Lateral ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries among the physically active subjects. Ankle inversion-eversion laxity is greater and dynamic postural control is less in women compared with men. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in postural sway and its effects on the neuromuscular activities of the ankle stabilizing muscles during the menstrual cycle in young women. Fourteen young women with regular menstrual cycles participated in this experiment. Postural sway and electromyographic signals of the lateral gastrocnemius, peroneus longus (PL), and tibialis anterior (TA) were recorded while the participants performed eight different balance tasks at ovulation and early follicular phase during one full menstrual cycle...
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940174/assessment-of-evertor-weakness-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-functional-versus-isokinetic-testing
#16
Romain Terrier, Francis Degache, François Fourchet, Boris Gojanovic, Nicolas Forestier
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprain is the most common sport-related injury and eccentric weakness of ankle evertors is regarded as a significant muscular deficit related to chronic ankle instability. However, the eccentric performance of the evertors is rarely assessed by clinicians because procedures used for research purposes (i.e. isokinetic tests) are not easily applicable in daily practice. METHODS: The present study assessed the ability of two different testing procedures to distinguish between groups of 12 healthy subjects or 12 patients suffering from chronic ankle instability...
December 5, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939181/chronic-ankle-instability-arthroscopic-anatomical-repair
#17
M Arroyo-Hernández, M Mellado-Romero, P Páramo-Díaz, L García-Lamas, J Vilà-Rico
INTRODUCTION: Ankle sprains are one of the most common injuries. Despite appropriate conservative treatment, approximately 20-40% of patients continue to have chronic ankle instability and pain. In 75-80% of cases there is an isolated rupture of the anterior talofibular ligament. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective observational study was conducted on 21 patients surgically treated for chronic ankle instability by means of an arthroscopic anatomical repair, between May 2012 and January 2013...
December 8, 2016: Revista Española de Cirugía Ortopédica y Traumatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904801/midfoot-and-forefoot-involvement-in-lateral-ankle-sprains-and-chronic-ankle-instability-part-1-anatomy-and-biomechanics
#18
John J Fraser, Mark A Feger, Jay Hertel
: The modern human foot is the culmination of more than five million years of evolution. The ankle-foot complex absorbs forces during loading, accommodates uneven surfaces, and acts as a lever for efficient propulsion. The ankle-foot complex has six independent functional segments that should be understood for proper assessment and treatment of foot and ankle injuries: the shank, rearfoot, midfoot, lateral forefoot, and the medial forefoot. The compliance of the individual segments of the foot is dependent on velocity, task, and active and passive coupling mechanisms within each of the foot segments...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903468/pseudoaneurysms-after-ankle-sprain-report-of-three-cases-successfully-cured-by-nonsurgical-treatment
#19
Jacques Malghem, Mohamad Abdalkader, Frederic Lecouvet, Pierre Goffette, Frank Hammer, Bruno Vande Berg
Pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication of ankle sprain, with 18 case reports published in the current literature. In the vast majority of the cases, they were treated surgically. We present 3 cases of pseudoaneurysm following ankle sprain, treated by nonsurgical methods in 2 cases, and spontaneously healed in another. The diagnosis was made between 2 and 4 weeks after traumatism, by ultrasonography and arteriography in 2 cases, and only by ultrasonography in a third case. The pseudoaneurysms originated respectively from the perforating fibular artery, the dorsal pedis artery, and a lateral malleolar artery...
November 27, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902131/physiotherapy-of-no-benefit-to-patients-with-ankle-sprains
#20
(no author information available yet)
Physiotherapy is no more effective than basic self-management for patients with simple ankle sprains, suggest results of a study.
November 30, 2016: Nursing Standard
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