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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647521/heterotopic-ossification-of-the-peroneus-brevis-tendon-in-a-pediatric-patient
#1
Karan Dua, James M Barsi
Heterotopic ossification (HO) is abnormal formation of mature lamellar bone in soft tissues. HO is most commonly diagnosed in the setting of localized trauma, which results in improper differentiation of progenitor cells, leading to aberrant tissue formation. In the pediatric population, nongenetic causes of HO have rarely been reported, especially HO involving the tendons of the ankle. We present a case of HO of the peroneus brevis tendon without systemic disease in a pediatric patient. The patient was a 7-year-old female with a normal birth and developmental history who first presented 6 weeks after a right ankle sprain with pain localized to the lateral calcaneus...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642659/sports-injuries-among-amateur-athletes-at-a-brazilian-university
#2
André Marangoni Asperti, Tiago Lazzaretti Fernandes, André Pedrinelli, Arnaldo José Hernandez
OBJECTIVE: To obtain information on the incidence and nature of sports injuries at a Brazilian university. METHOD: Data from 396 student amateur athletes (61% male) playing 15 different sports during the 2013 season were retrospectively evaluated. Subjects completed the National Collegiate Athletic Association Injury Surveillance System questionnaire at the conclusion of the 2013 sports season. Injuries that resulted in at least one day of time lost were included...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634682/searching-for-the-sweet-spot-the-foot-rotation-and-parallel-engagement-of-ankle-ligaments-in-maximizing-injury-tolerance
#3
Bingbing Nie, Jason L Forman, Alexander R Mait, John-Paul Donlon, Matthew B Panzer, Richard W Kent
Ligament sprains, defined as tearing of bands of fibrous tissues within ligaments, account for a majority of injuries to the foot and ankle complex in field-based sports. External rotation of the foot is considered the primary injury mechanism of syndesmotic ankle sprains with concomitant flexion and inversion/eversion associated with particular patterns of ligament trauma. However, the influence of the magnitude and direction of loading vectors to the ankle on the in situ stress state of the ligaments has not been quantified in the literature...
June 20, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634002/acupressure-therapy-for-acute-ankle-sprains-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Mingxing Zhao, Wei Gao, Long Zhang, Wei Huang, Sihua Zheng, Guanliang Wang, Brian Y Hong, Baoyong Tang
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains occur frequently among young and active people, accounting for almost two million injuries per year. Previous reports suggest that acupressure therapy for acute ankle sprains may shorten the recovery time. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether acupressure therapy can improve ankle sprain recovery when compared to standard RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) treatment. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial was conducted...
June 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615977/high-lateral-plantar-pressure-is-related-to-an-increased-tibialis-anterior-fibularis-longus-activity-ratio-in-patients-with-recurrent-lateral-ankle-sprain
#5
Shinshiro Mineta, Takayuki Inami, Raldy Mariano, Norikazu Hirose
INTRODUCTION: Center of pressure (COP) is a sudden displacement at the time of a lateral ankle sprain (LAS). It has been suggested that the distribution of plantar pressure and the quantity of COP displacement are important for assessing the risk of LAS. Therefore, we evaluated the plantar pressure during a single-leg balance test with eyes closed (SLB-C) to identify the factors and characteristics of plantar pressure in people with repeated cases of LAS. METHODS: We recruited 22 collegiate athletes and divided them into an instability group (IG; n=11) and a control group (CG; n=11)...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610477/lower-extremity-joint-coupling-variability-during-gait-in-young-adults-with-and-without-chronic-ankle-instability
#6
Thomas Lilley, Christopher C Herb, Joseph Hart, Jay Hertel
Chronic ankle instability (CAI) is a condition resulting from a lateral ankle sprain. Shank-rearfoot joint-coupling variability differences have been found in CAI patients; however, joint-coupling variability (VCV) of the ankle and proximal joints has not been explored. Our purpose was to analyse VCV in adults with and without CAI during gait. Four joint-coupling pairs were analysed: knee sagittal-ankle sagittal, knee sagittal-ankle frontal, hip frontal-ankle sagittal and hip frontal-ankle frontal. Twenty-seven adults participated (CAI:n = 13, Control:n = 14)...
June 13, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605298/collegiate-athletes-with-ankle-sprain-history-exhibit-greater-fear-avoidance-beliefs
#7
Megan N Houston, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
CONTEXT: Post-injury, collegiate athletes have reported elevated levels of fear. However, it is unclear how history of ankle sprain impacts injury-related fear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) scores differ between collegiate athletes with a history of a single ankle sprain, those with recurrent ankle sprains, and healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association institutions...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603784/association-between-years-of-experience-and-ankle-joint-disorder-in-male-student-basketball-players-based-on-ultrasonography
#8
Yaeko Fukushima
PURPOSE: The goal of the study was to survey ankle joint disorder in male senior high school and college student basketball players based on the results of an ultrasonographic medical check-up of the ankle joint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 17 senior high school student and 19 college student basketball players. Ultrasonography, evaluation of ATFL injury, and examination of the talocrural joint region were performed. The subjects were grouped based on the presence or absence of old ATFL injury, and subjects with ATFL injury were classified by the injured region: fibular insertion site, parenchyma, and talar insertion site...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595864/hip-strength-and-star-excursion-balance-test-deficits-of-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#9
Ryan S McCann, Ian D Crossett, Masafumi Terada, Kyle B Kosik, Brenn A Bolding, Phillip A Gribble
OBJECTIVES: To examine isometric hip strength in those with and without CAI, and determine the degree of Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) variance explained by isometric hip strength. DESIGN: Single-blinded, cross-sectional, case-control study. METHODS: Thirty individuals with CAI, 29 lateral ankle sprain (LAS) copers, and 26 healthy controls participated. We assessed dynamic postural control with the SEBT anterior (SEBT-ANT), posteromedial (SEBT-PM), and posterolateral (SEBT-PL) reaches, and isometric hip extension (EXT), abduction (ABD) and external rotation (ER) strength with hand-held dynamometry...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587794/biomechanical-analysis-of-ankle-ligamentous-sprain-injury-cases-from-televised-basketball-games-understanding-when-how-and-why-ligament-failure-occurs
#10
Emmanouil Panagiotakis, Kam-Ming Mok, Daniel Tik-Pui Fong, Anthony M J Bull
OBJECTIVES: Ankle sprains due to landing on an opponent's foot are common in basketball. There is no analysis to date that provides a quantification of this injury mechanism. The aim of this study was to quantify the kinematics of this specific injury mechanism and relate this to lateral ankle ligament biomechanics. DESIGN: Case series. METHODS: The model-based image-matching technique was used to quantify calcaneo-fibular-talar kinematics during four ankle inversion sprain injury incidents in televised NBA basketball games...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545496/chronic-musculoskeletal-ankle-disorders-in-sri-lanka
#11
Ishanka Weerasekara, Claire E Hiller
BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders of the lower extremities are commonly affected by chronicity and disability. One of the most commonly affected areas is the ankle. Epidemiological information is limited for chronic musculoskeletal ankle disorders in the general community, particularly in the developing world. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and impact of chronic musculoskeletal ankle disorders in the Sri Lankan community. METHODS: A cross-sectional stratified random sample of people (n = 1000) aged 18 to 85 years in Sri Lanka was undertaken by questionnaire in the general community setting...
May 25, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543566/preventing-recurrent-ankle-sprains-is-the-use-of-an-app-more-cost-effective-than-a-printed-booklet-results-of-a-rct
#12
M Van Reijen, I Vriend, W van Mechelen, E A Verhagen
OBJECTIVES: Recurrent ankle sprains can be reduced by following a neuromuscular training (NMT) program via a printed Booklet or a mobile application. Regarding the high incidence of ankle sprains, cost-effectiveness regarding implementation can have a large effect on total societal costs. DESIGN: In this economic analysis we evaluated whether the method of implementing a proven effective NMT program by using an App or a Booklet resulted in differences in injury incidence rates leading to costs and hence to differences in cost-effectiveness...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537353/low-ankle-sprains-a-current-review-of-diagnosis-and-treatment
#13
Anthony J Scillia, Todd P Pierce, Kimona Issa, Craig Wright, John J Callaghan, Anthony Festa, Vincent K McInerney
LLow ankle sprains are common injuries in young athletes. Hence, it is imperative that low ankle sprains are diagnosed and treated quickly and effectively. We reviewed the: (1) anatomy; (2) imaging; (3) physical exam findings; and (4) treatment modalities regarding these injuries. Plain radiographs are standard of care and routine MRI is not recommended for suspected sprains. However, physical exam findings often may guide management decisions. The majority of patients diagnosed with low ankle sprains are treated with a one- to two-week immobilization period with physical therapy focused on peroneal proprioception and strength...
May 24, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535097/comparative-effectiveness-of-plantar-massage-techniques-on-postural-control-in-those-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#14
Erik A Wikstrom, Kyeongtak Song, Ashley Lea, Nastassia Brown
CONTEXT:   One of the major concerns after an acute lateral ankle sprain is the potential for development of chronic ankle instability (CAI). The existing research has determined that clinician-delivered plantar massage improves postural control in those with CAI. However, the effectiveness of self-administered treatments and the underlying cause of any improvements remain unclear. OBJECTIVES:   To determine (1) the effectiveness of a self-administered plantar-massage treatment in those with CAI as well and (2) whether the postural-control improvements were due to the stimulation of the plantar cutaneous receptors...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533597/immediate-effect-of-ankle-balance-taping-on-dynamic-and-static-balance-of-soccer-players-with-acute-ankle-sprain
#15
Young-Jun Shin, Myoung-Kwon Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to evaluate the immediate effect of ankle balance taping on balance ability of soccer players with acute ankle sprain. [Subjects and Methods] This study was conducted with 16 subjects who were diagnosed with ankle sprain. A cross-over randomized design was used. Each subject performed three interventions in a random order. Subjects were randomly assigned to an ankle balance taping, placebo taping, and no taping. For dynamic and static balance, ability was measured using BIORescue (RM Ingenierie, Rodes, France)...
April 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509686/accuracy-of-point-of-care-ultrasonography-for-pediatric-ankle-sprain-injuries
#16
Sarah Jones, Keith Colaco, Jason Fischer, Jennifer Stimec, Charisse Kwan, Kathy Boutis
OBJECTIVES: In children with radiograph fracture-negative lateral ankle injuries, the main objective of this pilot study was to explore the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) performed by a pediatric emergency physician in diagnosing anterior talofibular ligament injuries, radiographically occult distal fibular fractures, and effusions compared with reference standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort pilot study...
May 15, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488835/incidence-of-injury-and-illness-in-south-african-professional-male-football-players-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Helen Bayne, Martin Schwellnus, Dina Janse Van Rensburg, Jhano Botha, Lervasen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Medical illnesses and sports-related injuries both have an effect on athlete health and performance. Epidemiology of injury and illness has been extensively researched during international football tournaments and the European football season. Reports on injury location and severity differ across geographical regions, and there is limited information on injury epidemiology in African football leagues. No studies have investigated the illness burden in football in Africa. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study involving two football teams over the 10- month duration of the 2015/16 Premier Soccer League in South Africa...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447855/the-arterial-anatomy-of-the-deltoid-ligament-a-cadaveric-study
#18
Jacob A Haynes, Michelle Gosselin, Brian Cusworth, Jeremy McCormick, Jeffery Johnson, Sandra Klein
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in the operative treatment of deltoid ligament disruption in the setting of chronic ankle instability. Understanding the vascular anatomy of the deltoid complex is beneficial when considering operative procedures on the medial ankle and may provide insight into factors that lead to chronic deltoid insufficiency and ankle instability. METHODS: Thirty-two pairs of cadaveric specimens (64 total legs) were amputated below the knee, and the tibialis anterior, tibialis posterior, and peroneal arteries were injected with India ink and Ward's blue latex...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437129/acute-ankle-sprain-in-a-mouse-model-changes-in-knee-joint-space
#19
Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Erik A Wikstrom, Sophie Guderian, Michael J Turner
CONTEXT:   Ankle sprains remain the most common orthopaedic injury. Conducting long-term studies in humans is difficult and costly, so the long-term consequences of an ankle sprain are not entirely known. OBJECTIVE:   To measure knee-joint space after a single surgically induced ankle sprain in mice. DESIGN:   Randomized controlled trial. SETTING:   University research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS:   Thirty male mice (CBA/2J) were randomly placed into 1 of 3 surgical groups: the transected calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) group, the transected anterior talofibular ligament/CFL group, and a sham treatment group...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423285/the-epidemiology-of-high-ankle-sprains-in-national-collegiate-athletic-association-sports
#20
Timothy C Mauntel, Erik A Wikstrom, Karen G Roos, Aristarque Djoko, Thomas P Dompier, Zachary Y Kerr
BACKGROUND: Ankle sprains are among the most common injuries experienced by collegiate athletes. The type of ankle sprain is rarely differentiated in epidemiological studies. This differentiation is necessary, as each ankle sprain type has a unique injury mechanism and recovery period. High ankle sprains commonly result in long recovery periods. Thus, a further examination of the epidemiology of high ankle sprains is warranted. PURPOSE: To describe the epidemiology of high ankle sprains in National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) sports during the 2009/2010-2014/2015 academic years...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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