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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924616/the-prevalence-of-primary-headache-disorders-in-ethiopia
#1
Mehila Zebenigus, Redda Tekle-Haimanot, Dawit K Worku, Hallie Thomas, Timothy J Steiner
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the epidemiology of primary headache disorders in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) remains very limited. We performed a population-based survey in rural and urban areas of Ethiopia, using methods similar to those of an earlier study in Zambia and tested in multiple other countries by Lifting The Burden. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey we visited households unannounced in four regions of Ethiopia: the mostly urban populations in Addis Ababa and its environs and rural populations of selected districts in Oromia, Amhara and South Nations Nationalities and People's Regions States (SNNPRS)...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911134/split-face-histological-and-biochemical-evaluation-of-tightening-efficacy-using-temperature-and-impedance-controlled-continuous-non-invasive-radiofrequency-energy
#2
Sylvie Boisnic, Marc Divaris, Marie-Christine Branchet, Andrew Anthony Nelson
BACKGROUND: Bi-polar radiofrequency (RF) is capable of heating dermal collagen fibers and inducing skin tightening by collagen remodelling. OBJECTIVE: To substantiate safety and improvement of skin laxity following skin heating with a novel temperature and impedance controlled non-invasive radiofrequency (RF) device by histological and biochemical evaluations. METHODS: A split-face study was performed on 4 subjects that underwent 8 weekly RF sessions on one side of their face, leaving the other side an untreated control and then underwent face-lift procedure...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909818/presto-lift-a-facelift-that-preserves-the-retaining-ligaments-and-smas-tethering
#3
Wolfgang Funk
BACKGROUND: Producing youthful facial appearance by face-lifting often comes along with an undesired loss of patient's individual phenotype. This may result from insufficient preservation of retaining ligaments, the "guardians of facial identify," and from severance of the intersegmental connections of the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system (SMAS), which tether, structure, and compartmentalize facial soft tissue into defined, relevant anatomical zones. METHODS: The technique reported here preserves most retaining ligaments...
December 2, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906442/the-role-of-fillers-in-aesthetic-medicine-medico-legal-aspects
#4
E Marinelli, G Montanari Vergallo, G Reale, A di Luca, I Catarinozzi, S Napoletano, S Zaami
In recent years there has been an exponential increase of fillers use in aesthetic medicine. The popularity of this anti-wrinkle product is based on their capacity to offer significant improvement in the aesthetic field, particularly to skin rejuvenating processes with non-invasive and less expensive techniques, if compared to the surgical methods (i.e. surgical lifting). The great number of fillers on the market is composed of a large heterogenic number of biomaterials. The aim of this review was to provide an overview and a classification of the filling materials that are most commonly used...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874959/new-lift-the-art-of-facial-rejuvenation-with-minimal-incisions-rhytidectomy
#5
M Tarallo, M Toscani, G Di Taranto, V Sorvillo, P Fino
OBJECTIVE: The new lift is a procedure for facial rejuvenation with minimal incision, giving the patient a significant improvement of mid face and neck, with limited dissection and minimal scars. A further "One-stitch" of anchorage to the deep temporal fascia is required to hold tissues. By a minimal surgical access, we get a suitable cheek lift with the improvement of nose-labial folds, mandibular edge and neck contour. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between February 2009 and June 2012, 32 patients underwent facial rejuvenation surgery called new lift at a mean age of 46 years (range 35-55 years)...
November 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861380/atheroma-of-the-facial-artery-mimicking-a-parotid-gland-tumor-a-case-report
#6
Dong Hoon Lee, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
INTRODUCTION: Atheroma of the facial artery is an extremely rare disease. CLINICAL FINDINGS/PATIENT CONCERNS: Herein, we report an extremely rare case of an atheroma arising from the facial artery, mimicking a parotid gland tumor. DIAGNOSES: The preoperative diagnosis was a right-sided parotid gland tumor. INTERVENTIONS: We performed removal of the right parotid gland tumor, via a modified face-lift incision. OUTCOMES: Histological examination of the specimen revealed an atheroma of the facial artery...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853678/rejuvenation-of-facial-skin-and-improvement-in-the-dermal-architecture-by-transplantation-of-autologous-stromal-vascular-fraction-a-clinical-study
#7
Mohammad Amir Amirkhani, Alireza Shoae-Hassani, Masoud Soleimani, Somayeh Hejazi, Leila Ghalichi, Mohammad Ali Nilforoushzadeh
Introduction: The rejuvenation characteristics of fat tissue grafting has been established for many years. Recently it has been shown that stromal vascular fraction (SVF) of fat tissue contributes to its rejuvenation properties. As the SVF is a minimal processed cell population (based on FDA guidance), therefore it is a suitable cell therapy for skin rejuvenation. This clinical trial was aimed to evaluate the ultrastructural improvement of aging skin in the facial nasolabial region after transplantation of autologous SVF...
2016: BioImpacts: BI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852351/remembering-irving-i-gottesman-twin-research-colleague-and-friend-extraordinaire-research-studies-face-lift-technique-comparison-in-identical-twins-raising-preterm-twins-fetal-behavior-in-dichorionic-twin-pregnancies-co-bedding-and-stress-reduction-in-twins
#8
Nancy L Segal
Dr Irving I. Gottesman, a colleague, friend, and long-time member of the International Society of Twin Studies passed away on June 29, 2016. His contributions to twin research and some personal reflections are presented to honor both the man and the memory. This tribute is followed by short reviews of twin research concerning differences between cosmetic surgical techniques, the rearing of preterm twins, behavioral observations of dichorionic fetal twins, and the outcomes of co-bedding twins with reference to stress reduction...
December 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781155/the-influence-of-flight-style-on-the-aerodynamic-properties-of-avian-wings-as-fixed-lifting-surfaces
#9
John J Lees, Grigorios Dimitriadis, Robert L Nudds
The diversity of wing morphologies in birds reflects their variety of flight styles and the associated aerodynamic and inertial requirements. Although the aerodynamics underlying wing morphology can be informed by aeronautical research, important differences exist between planes and birds. In particular, birds operate at lower, transitional Reynolds numbers than do most aircraft. To date, few quantitative studies have investigated the aerodynamic performance of avian wings as fixed lifting surfaces and none have focused upon the differences between wings from different flight style groups...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771260/upper-lip-lift-with-a-t-shaped-resection-of-the-orbicularis-oris-muscle-for-asian-perioral-rejuvenation-a-report-of-84-patients
#10
Bai-Lin Pan
BACKGROUND: An overlong upper lip or philtrum indicates aging. In the current study, a procedure for upper lip lift to alleviate this defect is illustrated and assessed for its esthetic effects and risks. METHODS: A total of 84 Chinese patients with overlong upper lip underwent surgery for upper lip lift from 2012 to 2014. Skin excision height was designed on the basis of the golden proportion of the lower region of the face. The incision was made at the subnasal (inferior border of the columella-nostril-alar) region...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748691/investigation-on-the-cutaneous-change-induced-by-face-lifting-monodirectional-barbed-polydioxanone-thread
#11
Jihee Kim, Zhenlong Zheng, Heesu Kim, Kyung Ae Nam, Kee Yang Chung
BACKGROUND: Owing to its potentially greater mechanical force on the implanted tissue, barbed thread is frequently used in face-lifting procedures. However, the long-term durability thereof remains controversial. Moreover, reports on underlying histologic and molecular changes resulting from face-lifting procedures are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate histologic and molecular changes induced by absorbable, barbed face-lifting thread in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fragments of monofilament, monodirectionally barbed polydioxanone thread were implanted in dorsal skin from 12 guinea pigs...
September 28, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27734116/application-of-local-injection-of-botulinum-toxin-a-in-cosmetic-patients-with-congenital-drooping-mouth-corner
#12
Wei Qian, Yan-Kun Zhang, Wei Lv, Ying Hou, Qian Cao, Ju-Feng Fan
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the clinical application and efficacy of local injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) at the depressor anguli oris in patients with congenital drooping mouth corner. METHODS: From September 2013 to March 2015, 36 cosmetic patients received local injections of botulinum toxin A at the depressor anguli oris, with 1-3 injection sites in the moving region of the depressor anguli oris on each side. At each injection site, 2-4 U of BTX-A was injected, and the total dose for any unilateral treatment did not exceed 8 U...
December 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697885/the-history-of-galaflex-p4hb-scaffold
#13
Simon F Williams, David P Martin, Arikha C Moses
The GalaFLEX Scaffold (Galatea Surgical, Inc., Lexington, MA) for plastic and reconstructive surgery belongs to a new generation of products for soft tissue reinforcement made from poly-4-hydroxybutyrate (P4HB). Other members of this new family of products include MonoMax Suture (Aesculap AG, Tuttlingen, Germany) for soft tissue approximation, BioFiber Scaffold (Tornier, Inc., Edina, MN) for tendon repair, and Phasix Mesh (C.R. Bard, Inc., Murray Hill, NJ) for hernia repair. Each of these fully resorbable products provides prolonged strength retention, typically 50% to 70% strength retention at 12 weeks, and facilitates remodeling in vivo to provide a strong, lasting repair...
November 2016: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647769/the-comparison-between-intradermal-injection-of-abobotulinumtoxina-and-normal-saline-for-face-lifting-a-split-face-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Rungsima Wanitphakdeedecha, Chanida Ungaksornpairote, Arisa Kaewkes, Viboon Rojanavanich, Weeranut Phothong, Woraphong Manuskiatti
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin type A (BTA) has been approved for the treatment of strabismus, blepharospasm, muscle spasm, cervical dystonia, pain syndrome, glabella wrinkles, and severe primary axillary hyperhidrosis. Intradermal injection of BTA has been used off-label by many clinicians for the purpose of face-lifting effect. Few studies on onabotulinumtoxinA (ONA) demonstrated no clinical efficacy on face-lifting effect when comparing to normal saline solution (NSS). So far, there is no split-face comparison study on face-lifting effect of abobotulinumtoxinA (ABO)...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602979/composite-volumization-of-the-aging-face-supra-periosteal-space-as-the-foundation-for-optimal-facial-rejuvenation
#15
Z Paul Lorenc, Johnson C Lee
Current concepts of facial aging propose that volume losses of bone and fat in specific compartmentalized areas are the primary and the most important causes of the characteristic changes seen in the aging face. The authors propose that the use of Radiesse in the supra-periosteal space of the temple, zygomatic arch, anterior cheek, pyriform aperture, and pre-jowl sulcus most effectively and most efficiently corrects these volume losses, and therefore best helps to restore a youthful appearance. Placement of filler directly on bone produces a lifting effect on all of the overlying tissues as a single unit which the authors term "composite volumization"...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598446/a-retrospective-evaluation-of-subsurface-monopolar-radiofrequency-for-lifting-of-the-face-neck-and-jawline
#16
Julia Dendle, Douglas C Wu, Sabrina G Fabi, Diana Melo, Mitchel P Goldman
BACKGROUND: Subsurface monopolar radiofrequency (SMRF) has emerged as a new method for reducing skin laxity via the controlled delivery of thermal energy below the skin using a radiofrequency probe. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overall efficacy of the treatment and satisfaction ratings of subjects who underwent a single SMRF treatment to the face, neck, or jawline (or some combination). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, single-center study was conducted in which data were obtained via subject follow-ups at 90 and 180 days posttreatment...
August 31, 2016: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27567043/underwater-dvi-simple-fingerprint-technique-for-positive-identification
#17
Lay See Khoo, Ahmad Hafizam Hasmi, Mohd Shah Mahmood, Peter Vanezis
An underwater disaster can be declared when a maritime accident occurred or when an aircraft is plunged into water area, be it ocean, sea or river. Nevertheless, handling of human remains in an underwater recovery operation is often a difficult and demanding task as working conditions may be challenging with poor to no visibility, location of remains at considerable depths and associated hazards from surrounding water. A case of the recent helicopter crash, into a famous river in Sarawak, domiciled by huge crocodiles, is discussed in this paper...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542312/reconstruction-of-facial-soft-tissue-comparison-between-conventional-procedures-and-the-face-lift-technique
#18
A K Bartella, M Ghassemi, F Hölzle, A Ghassemi
We compared the result of replacement using a modified face-lift technique with those of other commonly used surgical techniques for the treatment of defects of the soft tissue of the infraorbital and cheek region. We made a retrospective observational study of 86 patients who had defects of the facial soft tissue after excision of malignant tumours. Procedures used for reconstructions included non-vascularised skin grafts, local flaps, facelift technique, and microvascular free flaps, and we evaluated morbidity; duration of hospital stay; the need for, and duration of stay in, the intensive care unit (ICU); and functional and aesthetic outcomes...
August 16, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504362/an-innovative-method-of-assessing-the-mechanical-axis-deviation-in-the-lower-limb-in-standing-position
#19
Jagannath Kamath, Raja Shekar Danda, Nikil Jayasheelan, Rohit Singh
INTRODUCTION: Various methods of measuring mechanical axis deviation of lower limb have been described including radiographic and CT scanogram, intraoperative fluoroscopy with the use of an electrocautery cord. These methods determine the mechanical axis in a supine, non-weight bearing position. Although long cassette standing radiographic view is used for the purpose but is not available at most centres. A dynamic method of determining the mechanical axis in a weight bearing position was devised in this study...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490716/non-insulated-smooth-motion-micro-needles-rf-fractional-treatment-for-wrinkle-reduction-and-lifting-of-the-lower-face-international-study
#20
Michael Gold, Mark Taylor, Kenneth Rothaus, Yohei Tanaka
INTRODUCTION: Skin aging occurs through both intrinsic and extrinsic processes. Fractional radiofrequency (RF) with a microneedling array is the newest form of fractional therapy to be useful in treating aging skin. The current study utilized a noninsulated fractional RF microneedling system. METHODS: This multicenter clinical trial saw 49 patients complete 3 monthly treatments with the new fractional RF microneedling treatments and be followed for 3 months following their last treatment...
October 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
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