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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162571/classroom-promotion-of-oral-language-cpol-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-children-s-literacy-outcomes-at-grade-3-oral-language-and-mental-health
#1
Sharon Goldfeld, Pamela Snow, Patricia Eadie, John Munro, Lisa Gold, Ha N D Le, Francesca Orsini, Beth Shingles, Katherine Lee, Judy Connell, Amy Watts
INTRODUCTION: Oral language and literacy competence are major influences on children's developmental pathways and life success. Children who do not develop the necessary language and literacy skills in the early years of school then go on to face long-term difficulties. Improving teacher effectiveness may be a critical step in lifting oral language and literacy outcomes. The Classroom Promotion of Oral Language trial aims to determine whether a specifically designed teacher professional learning programme focusing on promoting oral language can lead to improved teacher knowledge and practice, and advance outcomes in oral language and literacy for early years school children, compared with usual practice...
November 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135589/safety-and-effectiveness-of-a-novel-facemask-for-positive-pressure-ventilation
#2
Tod A Brown, Tamas A Szabo, Kathryn H Bridges, Michel J Sabbagh, William R Hand, Bethany J Wolf, Robert D Warters
BACKGROUND: Manual positive pressure ventilation is an essential skill in a variety of clinical situations. The C&E technique is commonly used with standard facemasks to provide effective ventilation. The Tao mask is a novel design that allows a more ergonomic grip. A seal between the mask and face is made with downward pressure of the palm, centered on the mask, and jaw lift is achieved with 4 fingers centered under the mandible. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Tao mask compared to a standard mask before and after the administration of neuromuscular blockade (NMB) using 2 previously established ventilation scales...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133982/combined-aesthetic-interventions-for-prevention-of-facial-ageing-and-restoration-and-beautification-of-face-and-body
#3
Sabrina Fabi, Tatjana Pavicic, André Braz, Jeremy B Green, Kyle Seo, Jani Aj van Loghem
The Merz Institute of Advanced Aesthetics Expert Summit was held in Prague, Czech Republic, from 19-20 November 2016. The meeting had a distinct advisory board character and invited aesthetic practitioners from all over the world to hear an international faculty present a range of keynote lectures and conduct live injection sessions with an emphasis on recent developments in combination aesthetic interventions for face and body rejuvenation and beautification. Aging is associated with changes in bones, muscles, ligaments, adipose tissue, and skin and, moreover, involves interactions among these tissue types...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098936/facial-asymmetry-in-the-resting-state-reflects-anxiety-status-on-young-males
#4
Alessio Rossi, Damiano Formenti, Luca Cavaggioni, Alice Morgante, Palmina Caruso, Marco Gargano, Nicola Ludwig, Isabella Merzagora, Giampietro Alberti
Facial asymmetry is considered a marker of psychological, emotional and physiological distress, while anxiety is a behavioural, psychological and physiological response to a threat to well-being. Since individuals respond to anxiety with specific patterns (e.g., muscular tension), it is reasonable to hypothesize that anxiety could contribute to facial tension and therefore facial asymmetry. Instead, since facial asymmetry is perceived as "unpleasant" from peers, its presence may be a hindrance to social adaptation contributing to generate anxiety...
November 3, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098368/what-neurotoxins-have-taught-us-about-the-brow-the-reintroduction-and-review-of-the-transpalpebral-browpexy
#5
Michael Patrick Ogilvie, Julius Warren Few, Alec James Semersky, Natasha Tamagni Kulick, Mary Katherine Vorisek
INTRODUCTION: The use of neuromodulators has grown substantially in our society, particularly in the temporary treatment of brow ptosis. This study revisits the use of the transpalpebral browpexy for upper face and brow rejuvenation in the context of what has been learned from neuromodulators. METHODS: A retrospective review of 97 subjects was conducted who had transpalpebral browpexy performed for lateral brow ptosis. Qualitative degree of brow elevation after the procedure was determined by examining before and after photographs for each patient...
November 2, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069884/facial-rejuvenation-enhancing-cheek-lift
#6
Philippe Bellity, Jonathan Bellity
Supported by recent literature on the signs of aging of the middle and lower face, our clinical research has documented a loss of volume of the deep structural components of the central face and a progressive descent of the nasolabial fat and the jowl fat, leading to facial fragmentation. The signs that appear around the age of 45 to 50 years are well targeted by the mini-invasive technique described here. We focused on refitting the jowl fat and the nasolabial fat associated with cutaneous tightening. The use of absorbable barbed sutures (Quill) led to significant improvements, enabling the fitting of fat on fat...
November 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058534/comparative-assessment-of-respiratory-and-other-occupational-health-effects-among-elementary-workers
#7
Almas Hamid, Wajeeha Saleem, Ghazala Yaqub, Moin Ud Din Ghauri
OBJECTIVE: The study was conducted to assess hazards faced by elementary workers. METHODS: For this purpose, questionnaire survey and respiratory function test (spirometry) were carried out on 150 respondents. RESULTS: Major hazards identified related to sharp objects, heavy weight lifting, thermally harsh conditions, working at height, whole body vibration, chemicals, pathogens, increased noise levels and confined space entry. Workers suffered from upper and lower respiratory disorder symptoms, digestive problems, optical and musculoskeletal issues etc...
October 23, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040391/quantification-of-the-aesthetically-desirable-female-midface-position
#8
Gary Linkov, Pooja Mally, Craig N Czyz, Allan E Wulc
Background: The purpose of this study was to attempt to determine a reliable method of evaluating midface position. We assessed a novel parameter called WIZDOM (Width of the Interzygomatic Distance of the Midface) and its relationship to other facial metrics. Objectives: The goal was to evaluate midfacial position quantitatively in women by examining 2-dimensional photographs of a subset of women with idealized facial proportions. Methods: Three examiners analyzed stock photographs of nonsmiling female model faces...
June 28, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028862/alternatives-to-standard-injectables-and-devices-for-rejuvenation
#9
Sabine Zenker
<p>INTRODUCTION: Looking at alternatives to standard injectables and devices for rejuvenation, typical indications for facial rejuvenation are poor skin quality, pigmentary changes, and the loss of shape. Looking for effective treatments for those indications in the aesthetic field, one can notice a kind of "retro"-trend: easy-to-perform, non- or minimally-invasive, low-investment-requiring procedures are regaining a lot of popularity. And, over time, those treatments are becoming well defined and far more specific...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024489/a-novel-combination-regimen-with-intense-focused-ultrasound-and-pressure-and-dose-controlled-transcutaneous-pneumatic-injection-of-hypertonic-glucose-solution-for-lifting-and-tightening-of-the-aging-face
#10
Hyuck Hoon Kwon, Sun Chul Choi, Kyung-Hoon Park, Jae Yoon Jung
BACKGROUND: Intense focused ultrasound (IFUS) has demonstrated moderate efficacy for facial laxity of the aging face. Pressure- and dose-controlled transcutaneous pneumatic injections of hypertonic glucose solution (TPIG) are a minimally invasive way to deliver solution into the skin for therapeutic purposes. Recently, its application around temporal areas is known to exert early-onset lifting effects with facial contour rejuvenation. AIMS: We sought to evaluate the safety and efficacy of this novel combination regimen with IFUS and TPIG for lifting and tightening of aging face...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985042/ivf-in-costa-rica
#11
REVIEW
Carlos Valerio, Karen Vargas, Henriette Raventós
For 16 years, Costa Rica was the only country in the world that banned IVF, after it had been successfully conducted from 1995 to 2000. It also has been the only country that banned IVF based on the argument that it protects the embryo. After years of conflict, the prohibition has finally been lifted and the first baby girl was born in March 2017. This paper recounts the judicial and legal struggles Costa Rica faced in order to reestablished its IVF program.
October 6, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945618/quantitative-analysis-of-face-and-neck-skin-tightening-by-microfocused-ultrasound-with-visualization-in-asians
#12
Pei-Hsuan Lu, Chih-Hsun Yang, Ya-Ching Chang
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of microfocused ultrasound with visualization (MFU-V) on facial and neck laxity were largely based on masked physician assessments, histological analysis, and safety profile. More quantitative studies are needed. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the 800 treatment lines of MFU-V on skin tightening effect of face and neck in Asians using 2 quantitative analysis systems at 0, 90, and 180 days after treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 25 subjects were recruited in this prospective study...
November 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942342/-anatomical-basis-for-rejuvenation-surgery
#13
R Sinna, C Herlin, S Garson, S Dast, E Delay
The understanding of the face anatomy is mandatory before to be able to appreciate the different surgical techniques of face lifting. Despite numerous controversies and anatomical variations, we can find in the literature several keystone works that allows us to understand that the soft tissues of the face are not only a superposition of layers but also a tridimensionnal structure with a fibrous system that links the different layers. This structures creates a mix loose spaces, fat and retaining ligament that can be describe in a quite systematic manner...
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927806/-aging-prevention-new-surgical-techniques-and-future-options-for-facial-rejuvenation
#14
C Le Louarn
Prevention of aging is mainly obtained through appropriate health practices, modulated by the genetic causes of aging. Causes of facial structural aging include gravity, volume loss, contraction of the mimic muscles and obviously biological aging of tissues. Among the very numerous new surgical technique of facial rejuvenation, we could point out: for the frontal region, obviously we are focus on the endoscopic and non-endoscopic frontal lifts. But also, we should note the transcutaneous Brow Shaping which with a well defined, step by step technique is indeed a simple way to improve a possible difficult situation; concerning the mid-face lift, as the main risk is the secondary eyelid malposition, a high Smas or a temporo-malar lift can be performed...
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918340/-cervical-lift-an-update
#15
D Labbé, P Guerreschi
The neck is an aesthetic unit for which a rejuvenation request is sometimes very targeted or ore often encompassed in a global surgical project of face-lift. To obtain a long lasting outcome, the plastic surgeon has to make a full, detailed, and exhaustive analysis of the neck in order to choose the best indication within the multiple surgical tools. A full clinical examination is the key point, every aspects are outlined. The numerous surgical choices are described, illustrated, and sometimes revisited in the light of targeted anatomical studies...
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915290/lifting-the-lower-face-with-an-absorbable-polydioxanone-pdo-thread
#16
Kian Karimi, Alexandra Reivitis
Traditional rejuvenation techniques include chemical peels, rhytidectomy of the skin, laser resurfacing, injection of dermal fillers and neurotoxins, and invasive surgical procedures. Patients with brow ptosis, jowl formation, and deepening nasolabial folds currently seek antiaging procedures with no incisions and minimal downtime such as thread-lifting with barbed sutures. The present report describes a case in which polydioxanone threads were used to lift the lower third of a patient's face. Fillers were used to supplement the results achieved by the thread lift because often, when tissue has been lifted, volume deficits are revealed, which can be corrected with dermal fillers...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911889/-benefits-of-volumetric-to-facial-rejuvenation-part-2-dermal-fillers
#17
P Bui, A Pons Guiraud, C Lepage
Injectable substances known as fillers are used to palliate age-related atrophy and ptosis, and for their so-called "pseudo-lifting" action. They do not replace face and neck lift, but allow it to be postponed or, when injected after surgical lifting, make the result durable. Hyaluronic acid has a predominant and unchallenged place among fillers, well ahead of poly-L-lactic acid or calcium hydroxyapatite. Approaches and injection methods are the same for all fillers, corresponding to those for autologous fat injection, the reference substance, with a few particularities...
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906434/surface-profiling-and-core-evaluation-of-aluminum-honeycomb-sandwich-aircraft-panels-using-multi-frequency-eddy-current-testing
#18
Tyler Reyno, P Ross Underhill, Thomas W Krause, Catharine Marsden, Diane Wowk
Surface damage on honeycomb aircraft panels is often measured manually, and is therefore subject to variation based on inspection personnel. Eddy current testing (ECT) is sensitive to variations in probe-to-specimen spacing, or lift-off, and is thus promising for high-resolution profiling of surface damage on aluminum panels. Lower frequency testing also allows inspection through the face sheet, an advantage over optical 3D scanning methods. This paper presents results from the ECT inspection of surface damage on an approximately flat aluminum honeycomb aircraft panel, and compares the measurements to those taken using optical 3D scanning technology...
September 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894814/minimally-invasive-and-remote-access-thyroid-surgery-in-the-era-of-the-2015-american-thyroid-association-guidelines
#19
REVIEW
Jonathon O Russell, Salem I Noureldine, Mai G Al Khadem, Ralph P Tufano
Thyroid surgery has evolved throughout the years from being one of the most dangerous surgeries to becoming one of the safest surgical procedures performed today. Recent technologic innovations have allowed surgeons to remove the thyroid gland from a remote site while avoiding visible neck scars. There are many endoscopic approaches for thyroidectomy. The most common cervical approach is the minimally invasive video-assisted technique developed by Miccoli et al. The robotic transaxillary and axillary breast approaches avoid a neck scar and have been demonstrated to be safe and effective in international populations...
December 2016: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886872/-benefits-of-volumetric-to-facial-rejuvenation-part-1-fat-grafting
#20
P Bui, C Lepage
For a number of years, a volumetric approach using autologous fat injection has been implemented to improve cosmetic outcome in face-lift procedures and to achieve lasting rejuvenation. Autologous fat as filling tissue has been used in plastic surgery since the late 19th century, but has only recently been associated to face lift procedures. The interest of the association lies on the one hand in the pathophysiology of facial aging, involving skin sag and loss of volume, and on the other hand in the tissue induction properties of grafted fat, "rejuvenating" the injected area...
October 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
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