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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794226/asymmetry-costs-effects-of-wing-damage-on-hovering-flight-performance-in-the-hawkmoth-manduca-sexta
#1
María José Fernández, M Ellis Driver, Tyson L Hedrick
Flight performance is fundamental to the fitness of flying organisms. Whilst airborne, flying organisms face unavoidable wing wear and wing area loss. Many studies have tried to quantify consequences of wing area loss to flight performance with varied results; suggesting that not all types of damage are equal and different species may have different means compensating for some forms of wing damage with little to no cost. Here, we investigate the cost of control during hovering flight with damaged wings, specifically wings with asymmetric and symmetric reductions in area, by measuring maximum load lifting capacity and the metabolic power of hovering flight in hawkmoths (Manduca sexta)...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790972/investigation-of-anticipatory-postural-adjustments-during-one-leg-stance-using-inertial-sensors-evidence-from-subjects-with-parkinsonism
#2
Gianluca Bonora, Martina Mancini, Ilaria Carpinella, Lorenzo Chiari, Maurizio Ferrarin, John G Nutt, Fay B Horak
The One-Leg Stance (OLS) test is a widely adopted tool for the clinical assessment of balance in the elderly and in subjects with neurological disorders. It was previously showed that the ability to control anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) prior to lifting one leg is significantly impaired by idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD). However, it is not known how APAs are affected by other types of parkinsonism, such as frontal gait disorders (FGD). In this study, an instrumented OLS test based on wearable inertial sensors is proposed to investigate both the initial anticipatory phase and the subsequent unipedal balance...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780120/vaccines-against-ebola-virus
#3
Navin Venkatraman, Daniel Silman, Pedro M Folegatti, Adrian V S Hill
We have just witnessed the largest and most devastating outbreak of Ebola virus disease, which highlighted the urgent need for development of an efficacious vaccine that could be used to curtail future outbreaks. Prior to 2014, there had been limited impetus worldwide to develop a vaccine since the virus was first discovered in 1976. Though too many lives were lost during this outbreak, it resulted in the significantly accelerated clinical development of a number of candidate vaccines through an extraordinary collaborative global effort coordinated by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and involving a number of companies, trial centres, funders, global stakeholders and agencies...
August 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780042/-endoscopy-and-face-lift
#4
J C Dardour, R Abbou
For many years, the face-lift has not been the only intervention for facial rejuvenation. It is necessary today to specify the type of face-lift, cervico-facial lifting, frontal lifting or facelift. We will consider in this article the frontal lift and centro-facial lift and its possible execution assisted by endoscopy with therefore minimal scars, hidden in the scalp. We will consider successively its technique, its indications and its results highlighting a very long hold over time.
August 2, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755829/-care-and-optimal-management-of-the-face-and-neck-lift-patients
#5
E Delay
Surgical and case management for patients demanding a face- and neck-lift are very important. The purpose of this paper is to help the plastic surgeons with information and recommendations useful for the best medical care of patients requiring a face- and neck-lift. The first consultation is the most important contact with the patient. The preoperative discussion helps to define patient demands and to evaluate eventual contraindications for surgery. The clinical exam and patient requirements are useful in the construction of the therapeutic proposition...
July 26, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754401/-introduction-the-renewal-of-face-and-neck-lift
#6
EDITORIAL
E Delay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 25, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753158/evidence-based-medicine-face-lift
#7
Alessandro Innocenti, Francesco Ciancio, Dario Melita, Domenico Parisi, Marco Innocenti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746271/facial-assessment-and-injection-guide-for-botulinum-toxin-and-injectable-hyaluronic-acid-fillers-focus-on-the-upper-face
#8
Maurício de Maio, Arthur Swift, Massimo Signorini, Steven Fagien
Techniques for the administration of injectable fillers and neuromodulators for facial aesthetic rejuvenation and enhancement continue to evolve. As the number of physicians with limited experience in providing aesthetic treatments expands, the need for guidance and training from more experienced injectors has become apparent. The use of a slow, careful, and methodical injection technique is imperative in all treatment settings and for all facial areas. Constant attention to local anatomy, particularly arteries, veins, and nerve bundles, is critical for minimizing complications...
August 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728320/temple-and-postauricular-dissection-in-face-and-neck-lift-surgery
#9
Joo Heon Lee, Tae Suk Oh, Sung Wan Park, Jae Hoon Kim, Tanvaa Tansatit
Periauricular paresthesia may afflict patients for a significant amount of time after facelift surgery. When performing face and neck lift surgery, temple and posterior auricular flap dissection is undertaken directly over the auriculotemporal, great auricular, and lesser occipital nerve territory, leading to potential damage to the nerve. The auriculotemporal nerve remains under the thin outer superficial fascia just below the subfollicular level in the prehelical area. To prevent damage to the auriculotemporal nerve and to protect the temporal hair follicle, the dissection plane should be kept just above the thin fascia covering the auriculotemporal nerve...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696621/-genomic-medicine-the-challenges-of-information-in-clinical-practice
#10
Idris Guessous, Vincent Mooser, Jacques Fellay, Murielle Bochud, Umberto Simeoni, Sheila Unger, Gérard Waeber, Jacques Cornuz
The genomic revolution lifts up several potential opportunities in predictive and preventive medicine. Yet, genomic medicine opportunities can lead to clinical utility only if challenges that come with it are understood, anticipated, and faced. This review discusses the challenges that genomic medicine raises for the patients and their physicians, the general population, study participants and investigators. The article presents a program of genomic consultation in general internal medicine in the French-speaking part of Switzerland (MedOmics) that aims to address these challenges in order to optimize the clinical opportunities offered by genomic medicine...
November 2, 2016: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684338/midface-rejuvenation-surgery-combining-preperiosteal-midcheek-lift-lower-blepharoplasty-with-orbital-fat-preservation-and-autologous-fat-grafting
#11
H Chatel, B Hersant, R Bosc, S La Padula, J P Meningaud
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe a technique for midface rejuvenation combining lower blepharoplasty, midcheek lift and autologous fat transfer. METHODS: All patients who underwent a midface rejuvenation procedure performed by the same surgeon and using a classic subciliary blepharoplasty surgical approach were identified. The technique combined three distinct procedures: lower blepharoplasty with use of a transposition flap of orbital adipose tissue in the medial and central compartment to reduce the subpalpebral bags and attenuate the palpebrojugual sulcus; midcheek lift in the preperiosteal plane with trans-osseous fixation exerting traction on the soft tissues of the cheek along several vectors; autologous fat transfer to offset the loss of volume in the target area...
July 3, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677439/government-faces-mounting-pressure-to-scrap-the-pay-cap
#12
Matthew McKew
The RCN's summer of protest is set to continue this week amid mounting pressure on the government to lift the public sector pay cap.
July 5, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666285/-endoscopic-browlift-via-endotine-forehead-device-in-patients-with-facial-palsy
#13
Laura Holtmann, Kerstin Büchsenschütz, Anja Eckstein, Anke Schlüter, Stephan Lang, Stefan Mattheis
Objective Forehead and brows form a critical aesthetic and functional subunit of the face. Chronical pPeripheral paralysis of the facial nerve or its frontal branch may cause brow ptosis and eyelid deformities with a limited field of vision and loss of facial symmetry. Techniques, especially endoscopic methods have evolved significantly. Endotine Forehead Device, an adsorbable device, is a promising tool for brow suspension. Material and Methods 9 patients underwent brow and forehead lift surgery via Endotine Forehead Device...
June 30, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654586/botulinum-toxin-for-neck-rejuvenation-assessing-efficacy-and-redefining-patient-selection
#14
Samer F Jabbour, Elio G Kechichian, Cyril J Awaida, Roland R Tomb, Marwan W Nasr
BACKGROUND: The "Nefertiti lift" consists of injecting the platysmal bands and the inferior border of the mandible with botulinum toxin. No clinical trial has evaluated its effect on the different lower face and neck aging components, and little is known about the clinical characteristics that predict treatment success. METHODS: Patients were injected with abobotulinumtoxinA along the inferior border of the mandible and into the platysmal bands. Using standardized preinjection and postinjection photographs, the jowls, marionette lines, oral commissures, neck volume, and platysmal bands at maximal contraction and at rest were assessed with validated photonumeric scales...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650796/comparison-of-bovine-bone-autogenic-bone-mixture-versus-platelet-rich-fibrin-for-maxillary-sinus-grafting-histologic-and-histomorphologic-study
#15
Hakan Ocak, Nukhet Kutuk, Umut Demetoglu, Esra Balcıoglu, Saim Ozdamar, Alper Alkan
Numerous grafting materials have been used to augment the maxillary sinus floor for long-term stability and success for implant-supported prosthesis. To enhance bone formation, adjunctive blood-born growth factor sources have gained popularity during the recent years. The present study compared the use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and bovine-autogenous bone mixture for maxillary sinus floor elevation. A split-face model was used to apply 2 different filling materials for maxillary sinus floor elevation in 22 healthy adult sheep...
June 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643824/-perioral-treatment-options-in-cosmetic-facial-surgery
#16
F Bierenbroodspot, H J Schouten, R H Schepers, J Jansma
The perioral region is unique and important in the face, both from a functional and an aesthetic point of view. There is a strong relationship between the perioral soft tissues, such as the lips and the corners of the mouth, and the underlying dentition and the jaws. Perioral ageing phenomena, such as depressed corners of the mouth, volume loss and wrinkles, can be improved, however, to a limited extent with intraoral treatment. These ageing phenomena can usually be treated more effectively with several extraoral treatment modalities that also enhance perioral aesthetics...
June 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624266/-trochanteric-under-gluteus-lift-or-bodylift-technique-for-massive-trochanteric-lipodystrophy-about-11-cases
#17
L Ruffenach, C Bruant-Rodier, E Robert, F Bodin, C Dissaux
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing demand for weight loss sequelae. Some women have a particular morphology with a major trochanteric excess that warrants specific treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On the basis of the technique published in 1964 by Pitanguy, the authors suggest a lift of the external face of the thigh with the scar redrawing the lower part of the buttock, from the gluteal fold to the inguinal region by crossing the trochanteric region. Eleven cases of major trochanteric excess after slimming are presented...
June 14, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591181/combined-use-of-tri-axial-accelerometers-and-gps-reveals-the-flexible-foraging-strategy-of-a-bird-in-relation-to-weather-conditions
#18
Jesús Hernández-Pliego, Carlos Rodríguez, Giacomo Dell'Omo, Javier Bustamante
Tri-axial accelerometry has proved to be a useful technique to study animal behavior with little direct observation, and also an effective way to measure energy expenditure, allowing a refreshing revisit to optimal foraging theory. This theory predicts that individuals should gain the most energy for the lowest cost in terms of time and energy when foraging, in order to maximize their fitness. However, during a foraging trip, central-place foragers could face different trade-offs during the commuting and searching parts of the trip, influencing behavioral decisions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567477/thread-lifting-a%C3%A2-minimally-invasive-surgical-technique-for-long-standing-facial-paralysis
#19
W J Choe, H D Kim, B H Han, J Kim
BACKGROUND: Chronic facial paralysis induces degenerative facial muscle changes on the involved side, thus, making the individual seem as older than their actual age. Furthermore, contralateral facial hypertrophy aggravates facial asymmetry. A thread-lifting procedure has been used widely for correction of a drooping or wrinkled face due to the aging process. In addition, botulinum toxin injection can be used to reduce facial hypertrophy. The aim of study was to evaluate the effectiveness of thread lifting with botulinum toxin injection for chronic facial paralysis...
May 31, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567475/interface-between-cosmetic-and-migraine-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Lisa Gfrerer, Bahman Guyuron
This article describes connections between migraine surgery and cosmetic surgery including technical overlap, benefits for patients, and why every plastic surgeon may consider screening cosmetic surgery patients for migraine headache (MH). Contemporary migraine surgery began by an observation made following forehead rejuvenation, and the connection has continued. The prevalence of MH among females in the USA is 26%, and females account for 91% of cosmetic surgery procedures and 81-91% of migraine surgery procedures, which suggests substantial overlap between both patient populations...
May 31, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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