keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Syrian

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324158/the-influence-of-sex-and-diet-on-the-characteristics-of-hibernation-in-syrian-hamsters
#1
Marie Trefna, Maaike Goris, Cynthia M C Thissen, Vera A Reitsema, Jojanneke J Bruintjes, Edwin L de Vrij, Hjalmar R Bouma, Ate S Boerema, Robert H Henning
Research on deep hibernators almost exclusively uses species captured from the wild or from local breeding. An exception is Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus), the only standard laboratory animal showing deep hibernation. In deep hibernators, several factors influence hibernation quality, including body mass, sex and diet. We examined hibernation quality in commercially obtained Syrian hamsters in relation to body mass, sex and a diet enriched in polyunsaturated fatty acids. Animals (M/F:30/30, 12 weeks of age) were obtained from Harlan (IN, USA) and individually housed at 21 °C and L:D 14:10 until 20 weeks of age, followed by L:D 8:16 until 27 weeks...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Comparative Physiology. B, Biochemical, Systemic, and Environmental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314568/health-workers-and-the-weaponisation-of-health-care-in-syria-a-preliminary-inquiry-for-the-lancet-american-university-of-beirut-commission-on-syria
#2
Fouad M Fouad, Annie Sparrow, Ahmad Tarakji, Mohamad Alameddine, Fadi El-Jardali, Adam P Coutts, Nour El Arnaout, Lama Bou Karroum, Mohammed Jawad, Sophie Roborgh, Aula Abbara, Fadi Alhalabi, Ibrahim AlMasri, Samer Jabbour
The conflict in Syria presents new and unprecedented challenges that undermine the principles and practice of medical neutrality in armed conflict. With direct and repeated targeting of health workers, health facilities, and ambulances, Syria has become the most dangerous place on earth for health-care providers. The weaponisation of health care-a strategy of using people's need for health care as a weapon against them by violently depriving them of it-has translated into hundreds of health workers killed, hundreds more incarcerated or tortured, and hundreds of health facilities deliberately and systematically attacked...
March 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272954/language-barriers-and-health-of-syrian-refugees-in-germany
#3
Molly Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270642/kidney-disease-profile-of-syrian-refugee-children
#4
Mehtap Akbalik Kara, Beltinge Demircioglu Kilic, Nilgun Col, Ayse Aysima Ozcelik, Mithat Buyukcelik, Ayse Balat
INTRODUCTION: Although preventative nephrology is the effective management of childhood kidney diseases, it is hard to provide it in this undesirable conditions. In this study, we aimed to document the kidney disease profile of Syrian refugee children admitted to our hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty Syrian refugee children were admitted to the Pediatric Nephrology Department of the University of Gaziantep from September 2012 to January 2015...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265775/altered-microrna-expression-patterns-during-the-initiation-and-promotion-stages-of-neonatal-diethylstilbestrol-induced-dysplasia-neoplasia-in-the-hamster-mesocricetus-auratus-uterus
#5
Ramesh Padmanabhan, Isabel R Hendry, Jennifer R Knapp, Bin Shuai, William J Hendry
Treatment of Syrian hamsters on the day of birth with the prototypical endocrine disruptor and synthetic estrogen, diethylstilbestrol (DES), leads to 100% occurrence of uterine hyperplasia/dysplasia in adulthood, a large proportion of which progress to neoplasia (endometrial adenocarcinoma). Consistent with our prior gene expression analyses at the mRNA and protein levels, we now report (based on microarray, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and in situ hybridization analyses) that progression of the neonatal DES-induced dysplasia/neoplasia phenomenon in the hamster uterus also includes a spectrum of microRNA expression alterations (at both the whole-organ and cell-specific level) that differ during the initiation (upregulated miR-21, 200a, 200b, 200c, 29a, 29b, 429, 141; downregulated miR-181a) and promotion (downregulated miR-133a) stages of the phenomenon...
March 6, 2017: Cell Biology and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265252/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-resulting-from-torture-and-other-traumatic-events-among-syrian-kurdish-refugees-in-kurdistan-region-iraq
#6
Hawkar Ibrahim, Chiya Q Hassan
Political violence is known to cause psychological distress. There is a large body of empirical studies drawing correlations between war trauma, torture, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, there are few studies on the effects of war-related trauma among Syrian refugees after events following the 'Arab Spring' uprisings between 2010 and 2012. This study examines the association of PTSD symptoms with torture and other traumatic events among Syrian Kurdish refugees living in Kurdistan Region, Iraq...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263246/why-syrian-refugees-living-in-informal-settlements-need-the-same-research-protections-as-us-prisoners
#7
Michael Clinton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2017: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258284/the-pattern-of-the-syrian-refugee-s-injuries-managed-in-king-abdullah-university-hospital-jordan
#8
G R Qasaimeh, A M Shotar, S J A Alkhail, M G Qasaimeh
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess the pattern, the magnitude, the severity, the distribution, and the results of the management of the injured Syrian refugees at King Abdullah University Hospital (KAUH). METHODS: The medical records of 90 consecutive injured Syrian patients admitted to KAUH at the beginning of the Syrian conflict in 2012-2013 were reviewed. Information regarding the age, the sex, the antomical regions, the organs injured, the operations performed, the complications, and the weapons used were recorded...
March 3, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253229/response-to-a-large-polio-outbreak-in-a-setting-of-conflict-middle-east-2013-2015
#9
Chukwuma Mbaeyi, Michael J Ryan, Philip Smith, Abdirahman Mahamud, Noha Farag, Salah Haithami, Magdi Sharaf, Jaume C Jorba, Derek Ehrhardt
As the world advances toward the eradication of polio, outbreaks of wild poliovirus (WPV) in polio-free regions pose a substantial risk to the timeline for global eradication. Countries and regions experiencing active conflict, chronic insecurity, and large-scale displacement of persons are particularly vulnerable to outbreaks because of the disruption of health care and immunization services (1). A polio outbreak occurred in the Middle East, beginning in Syria in 2013 with subsequent spread to Iraq (2). The outbreak occurred 2 years after the onset of the Syrian civil war, resulted in 38 cases, and was the first time WPV was detected in Syria in approximately a decade (3,4)...
March 3, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250239/src-family-kinases-in-hamster-spermatozoa-evidence-for-the-presence-of-lck
#10
Durgesh Kumar Singh, Rohit Kumar Deshmukh, Praveen Kumar Narayanan, Shivaji Sisinthy, Archana Bharadwaj Siva
Sperm capacitation is a prerequisite for successful fertilization. Increase in tyrosine phosphorylation is considered the hallmark of capacitation and attempts to understand its regulation are ongoing. In this regard, we attempted to study the role of SRC family kinases (SFKs) in the hamster sperm functions. Interestingly, we found the presence of the lymphocyte-specific protein tyrosine kinase, LCK in mammalian spermatozoa and further characterized it in terms of its localization and function. LCK was found in spermatozoa of several species and its transcript was identified in the hamster testis...
March 1, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250128/pathology-in-permissive-syrian-hamsters-after-infection-with-human-adenovirus-is-the-result-of-virus-replication-hadv-c6-replicates-more-and-causes-more-pathology-than-hadv-c5
#11
Ann E Tollefson, Baoling Ying, Jacqueline F Spencer, John E Sagartz, William S M Wold, Karoly Toth
Syrian hamsters are permissive for the replication of species C human adenoviruses. The virus replicates to high titers in the liver of these animals after intravenous infection, while respiratory infection results in virus replication in the lung. Here we show that two types belonging to species C, HAdV-C5 and HAdV-C6, replicate to a significantly different extent and cause pathology with significantly different severity, with HAdV-C6 replicating better and inducing more severe and more widespread lesions...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249089/israeli-physician-salman-zarka-md-caring-for-syrian-patients-is-our-duty
#12
Jennifer Abbasi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238300/penetrating-abdominal-injuries-during-the-syrian-war-patterns-and-factors-affecting-mortality-rates
#13
Shawqi Arafat, Mhd Belal Alsabek, Mousa Ahmad, Iman Hamo, Eskander Munder
BACKGROUND: A large number of innocent Syrians were injured or killed during the years of war. This retrospective study investigates the differences in patterns of injury and factors affecting the mortality rate in 324 patients coming to Damascus Hospital with penetrating abdominal trauma, and illustrates the difficulties of diagnosis and decision making in crisis situations. METHODS: A retrospective study was registered from patient's records between October 2012 and June 2013 in Damascus Hospital...
February 14, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222637/genotyping-leishmania-promastigotes-isolated-from-patients-with-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-south-eastern-turkey
#14
Fahriye Ekşi, Orhan Özgöztaşı, Tekin Karslıgil, Mustafa Sağlam
Objective Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is a significant disease in south-eastern Anatolia because it is prevalent among Syrian refugees. We identified the causative Leishmania species in CL patients using molecular methods. Methods Novy-MacNeal-Nicolle medium was inoculated with aspirated fluid from suspected CL lesions and tested for amastigotes with Giemsa staining. PCR amplified the internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS1) of the Leishmania genome in cultures containing Leishmania promastigotes from 100 patients, which were genotyped with a restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis...
February 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218713/transgene-expression-and-host-cell-responses-to-replication-defective-single-cycle-and-replication-competent-adenovirus-vectors
#15
Catherine M Crosby, Michael A Barry
Most adenovirus (Ad) vectors are E1 gene deleted replication defective (RD-Ad) vectors that deliver one transgene to the cell and all expression is based on that one gene. In contrast, E1-intact replication-competent Ad (RC-Ad) vectors replicate their DNA and their transgenes up to 10,000-fold, amplifying transgene expression markedly higher than RD-Ad vectors. While RC-Ad are more potent, they run the real risk of causing adenovirus infections in vector recipients and those that administer them. To gain the benefits of transgene amplification, but avoid the risk of Ad infections, we developed "single cycle" Ad (SC-Ad) vectors...
February 18, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204490/civil-war-contested-sovereignty-and-the-limits-of-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-the-syrian-polio-outbreak-in-2013
#16
Jonathan Kennedy, Domna Michailidou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202044/the-history-of-leishmaniasis
#17
REVIEW
Dietmar Steverding
In this review article the history of leishmaniasis is discussed regarding the origin of the genus Leishmania in the Mesozoic era and its subsequent geographical distribution, initial evidence of the disease in ancient times, first accounts of the infection in the Middle Ages, and the discovery of Leishmania parasites as causative agents of leishmaniasis in modern times. With respect to the origin and dispersal of Leishmania parasites, the three currently debated hypotheses (Palaearctic, Neotropical and supercontinental origin, respectively) are presented...
February 15, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193724/neurodegenerative-disease-transmission-and-transgenesis-in-mice
#18
Brittany N Dugger, Daniel P Perl, George A Carlson
Although the discovery of the prion protein (PrP) resulted from its co-purification with scrapie infectivity in Syrian hamsters, work with genetically defined and genetically modified mice proved crucial for understanding the fundamental processes involved not only in prion diseases caused by PrP misfolding, aggregation, and spread but also in other, much more common, neurodegenerative brain diseases. In this review, we focus on methodological and conceptual approaches used to study scrapie and related PrP misfolding diseases in mice and how these approaches have advanced our understanding of related disorders including Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease...
February 13, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181904/hepatitis-a-among-refugees-asylum-seekers-and-migrants-living-in-hosting-facilities-greece-april-to-december-2016
#19
Kassiani Mellou, Anthi Chrisostomou, Theologia Sideroglou, Theano Georgakopoulou, Maria Kyritsi, Christos Hadjichristodoulou, Sotirios Tsiodras
An increased number of hepatitis A cases among refugees, asylum seekers and migrants residing in hosting facilities in Greece were recorded between April and December 2016. In total, 177 laboratory-confirmed symptomatic cases were reported; of these, 149 (84%) occurred in hosting camps mostly among Syrian children under 15 years. All cases reported symptom onset after their entry into the country. Public health interventions focused on hygiene measures and vaccination.
January 26, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171849/dose-responsive-efficacy-of-umbelliferone-on-lipid-peroxidation-anti-oxidant-and-xenobiotic-metabolism-in-dmba-induced-oral-carcinogenesis
#20
Annamalai Vijayalakshmi, Ganapathy Sindhu
This study evaluated the chemopreventive potential of umbelliferone (UMB) on 7,12- dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis. The mechanistic pathway for chemopreventive potential of UMB was evaluated by measuring the status of tumour incidence, tumour volume, and tumour burden as well as by analyzing the status of phase I, phase II detoxification agents, lipid peroxidation, antioxidants, histopathological changes and also expression patterns of cell proliferation (PCNA, Cyclin D1) and apoptotic (p53) markers using immunohistochemistry in DMBA induced hamster buccal pouch carcinogenesis...
April 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
keyword
keyword
91497
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"