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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340877/brief-report-subjective-social-mobility-and-depressive-symptoms-in-syrian-refugees-to-germany
#1
Frank Euteneuer, Sarina J Schäfer
Previous findings indicate that refugees are at increased risk for mental health problems. In addition to stressful pre-migration experiences, post-migration factors may contribute to poor mental health outcomes. Among immigrants to the United States, downward mobility in subjective social status (SSS) was associated with depression, corroborating the potentially detrimental mental health consequences of a decline in one's perceived social position. The present study examined whether downward mobility in SSS among male refugees from Syria to Germany is associated with depression...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337192/combining-machine-learning-models-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-bioassays-improves-rat-carcinogenicity-prediction
#2
Davy Guan, Kevin Fan, Ian Spence, Slade Matthews
In vitro genotoxicity bioassays are cost-efficient methods of assessing potential carcinogens. However, many genotoxicity bioassays are inappropriate for detecting chemicals eliciting non-genotoxic mechanisms, such as tumour promotion, this necessitates the use of in vivo rodent carcinogenicity (IVRC) assays. In silico IVRC modelling could potentially address the low throughput and high cost of this assay. We aimed to develop and combine computational QSAR models of novel bioassays for the prediction of IVRC results and compare with existing software...
January 11, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332358/a-study-on-basic-demographic-and-disease-characteristics-of-cancer-diagnosed-syrian-refugees-treated-in-the-border-city-of-turkey-sanliurfa-a-hospital-based-retrospective-case-series-study
#3
Yasemin Bakkal Temi, Ali Murat Sedef, Serkan Gokcay, Hatice Coskun, Sedenay Oskeroglu Kaplan, Ozlem Ozkul, Huseyin Mertsoylu, Fatih Kose
PURPOSE: Turkey hosts around 3 million Syrian refugees which is more than any other country in the world. Along with some other adaptation issues like cultural, language, and economic difficulties, significant problems in managing medical problems, chronic diseases like cancer in particular, have to be fixed. However, there are few studies which explore main patient and clinicopathological characteristics in Syrian refugees with cancer. The purpose of this study was to highlight the aforementioned characteristics along with management issues after cancer diagnosis of these patients...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327258/mental-health-problems-of-syrian-refugee-children-the-role-of-parental-factors
#4
Seyda Eruyar, John Maltby, Panos Vostanis
War-torn children are particularly vulnerable through direct trauma exposure as well through their parents' responses. This study thus investigated the association between trauma exposure and children's mental health, and the contribution of parent-related factors in this association. A cross-sectional study with 263 Syrian refugee children-parent dyads was conducted in Turkey. The Stressful Life Events Questionnaire (SLE), General Health Questionnaire, Parenting Stress Inventory (PSI-SF), Impact of Events Scale for Children (CRIES-8), and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire were used to measure trauma exposure, parental psychopathology, parenting-related stress, children's post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and mental health problems, respectively...
January 11, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322106/questioning-the-role-of-facebook-in-maintaining-syrian-social-capital-during-the-syrian-crisis
#5
Reem Ramadan
The Syrian crisis is considered the 'world's single largest crisis for almost a quarter of a century that has the biggest refugee population from a single conflict in a generation' (UN High Commissioner for Refugees, 2016). The rapid adoption of Facebook among Syrians questions whether it helps in maintaining the social capital of a war-torn nation and a dispersed Syrian population worldwide. Data was collected by means of a Facebook survey from 964 Syrian users. Results indicated that Facebook enhanced social identity and social capital through facilitating communication, collaboration and resource sharing among dispersed Syrians inside and outside the country...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316209/infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-emergencies-organisational-policies-and-activities-during-the-refugee-crisis-in-lebanon
#6
Linda Shaker-Berbari, Hala Ghattas, Andrew G Symon, Annie S Anderson
Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is key to reducing mortality amongst children aged under 2. Facilitating adherence to recommended IYCF practices during emergencies includes having relevant policies to support breastfeeding and complementary feeding as well as regulating the distribution of breast milk substitutes. In the current crisis, more than 1.2 million Syrian refugees are in Lebanon and it is timely to examine organisational IYCF policies and programmes. One hundred and thirty-five non-governmental organisations providing humanitarian aid in Lebanon were invited to participate in an online survey about organisational policies and programmatic activities on IYCF...
January 8, 2018: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301428/trauma-and-resiliency-a-tale-of-a-syrian-refugee
#7
Andres Barkil-Oteo, Waseem Abdallah, Sarah Mourra, Hussam Jefee-Bahloul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289940/prevalence-of-mental-ill-health-traumas-and-postmigration-stress-among-refugees-from-syria-resettled-in-sweden-after-2011-a-population-based-survey
#8
Petter Tinghög, Andreas Malm, Charlotta Arwidson, Erika Sigvardsdotter, Andreas Lundin, Fredrik Saboonchi
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of and associations between anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), low subjective well-being (SWB), potential traumas and postmigration stress among refugees from Syria resettled in Sweden. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and population-based questionnaire study based on a known and complete sample frame. The survey included multiple measures of mental ill health and factors of particular relevance for refugees...
December 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286406/high-throughput-parallel-sequencing-to-measure-fitness-of-leptospira-interrogans-transposon-insertion-mutants-during-golden-syrian-hamster-infection
#9
Kristel Lourdault, James Matsunaga, Karen V Evangelista, David A Haake
In this manuscript, we describe a transposon sequencing (Tn-Seq) technique to identify and quantify Leptospira interrogans mutants altered in fitness during infection of Golden Syrian hamsters. Tn-Seq combines random transposon mutagenesis with the power of high-throughput sequencing technology. Animals are challenged with a pool of transposon mutants (input pool), followed by harvesting of blood and tissues a few days later to identify and quantify the number of mutants in each organ (output pools). The output pools are compared to the input pool to evaluate the in vivo fitness of each mutant...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286012/hepatitis-a-b-c-and-hiv-seroprevalence-among-syrian-refugee-children-admitted-to-outpatient-clinics
#10
Şükran Köse, Ilker Ödemiş, Didem Çelik, Bengü Gireniz Tatar, Ilkay Akbulut, Dilek Yilmaz Çiftdoğan
Viral hepatitis is the most common cause of serious health problems such as liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Leading to immunodeficiency disorders through different mechanisms, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes the development of severe secondary infections. Hepatitis A (HAV) is thought to spread by the faecal-oral route, while Hepatitis B (HBV), Hepatitis C (HCV) and HIV are mostly transmitted vertically during childhood. In our study, we aimed to determine the seroprevalence of HAV, HBV, HCV and HIV among Syrian refugee children who were admitted to outpatient clinics...
December 1, 2017: Le Infezioni in Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281137/gender-and-enterprise-in-fragile-refugee-settings-female-empowerment-amidst-male-emasculation-a-challenge-to-local-integration
#11
Holly A Ritchie
This paper examines gender and enterprise in fragile refugee settings. Building on previous research in Afghanistan, it analyses refugee women's evolving economic lives and enterprise initiatives and related social dynamics in refugee communities. Case studies look specifically at two Islamic refugee contexts: Nairobi, Kenya (Somali refugees), and Irbid and Zarqa, Jordan (Syrian refugees). The discussion spotlights the precarious nature of refugee women's new practices and work norms under forced and strained circumstances, without a process of negotiation with male family members...
January 2018: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280429/case-report-carbapenemase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-in-an-asylum-seeker-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#12
Sofanne J Ravensbergen, Christina Louka, Mariëtte Lokate, Erik Bathoorn, Spyros Pournaras, Tjip S van der Werf, Wiel C M de Lange, Ymkje Stienstra, Onno W Akkerman
A Syrian asylum seeker with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) developed a bronchopleural fistula after pneumonectomy. Although screening tests were negative on admission, carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae were cultured after a few months of TB treatment. Prevalence of multidrug-resistant organisms is reported to be increased in asylum seekers compared with the general Dutch population. Arduous conditions during transit and interrupted health care delivery in our patient led to multiple-resistant microorganisms that complicated treatment...
December 26, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277933/the-arrangement-of-the-coronary-artery-trunks-is-subject-to-inheritance-factors-a-study-in-syrian-hamsters
#13
M T Soto-Navarrete, J M Arqué, A C Durán, M C Fernández, M A López-Unzu, M Lorenzale, V Sans-Coma, B Fernández
The concept that anatomical variations in the coronary artery tree might be influenced by genes is relatively old. However, empirical evidence on the effect of genotype on the coronary morphology is still scarce. In the Syrian hamster, there is a septal coronary artery which arises from the left or from the right coronary artery and supplies most of the interventricular septum. The aim was to decide whether the anatomical origin of the septal artery is subject to inheritance factors. Overall, 483 internal casts of the heart and coronary arteries were examined...
December 25, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276842/coping-strategies-used-by-syrian-refugees-in-jordan
#14
Fatmeh Ahmad Alzoubi, Ahmed Mohammad Al-Smadi, Yazeed Mohammad Gougazeh
This study examined the coping strategies used by Syrian refugees in Jordan in relation to their demographics. A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted with a convenient sample of 550 Syrian refugees. Out of all the study participants, 88% reported seeking social support, 64.5% reported using avoidance, and 39.5% reported using problem solving. Participants who were male, single, and younger, and who had a higher education and a higher total income were satisfied with their income, were employed and free of chronic illnesses, and had higher problem-solving scores...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262313/molecular-prerequisites-for-diminished-cold-sensitivity-in-ground-squirrels-and-hamsters
#15
Vanessa Matos-Cruz, Eve R Schneider, Marco Mastrotto, Dana K Merriman, Sviatoslav N Bagriantsev, Elena O Gracheva
Thirteen-lined ground squirrels and Syrian hamsters are known for their ability to withstand cold during hibernation. We found that hibernators exhibit cold tolerance even in the active state. Imaging and electrophysiology of squirrel somatosensory neurons reveal a decrease in cold sensitivity of TRPM8-expressing cells. Characterization of squirrel and hamster TRPM8 showed that the channels are chemically activated but exhibit poor activation by cold. Cold sensitivity can be re-introduced into squirrel and hamster TRPM8 by transferring the transmembrane domain from the cold sensitive rat ortholog...
December 19, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261658/syn023-a-novel-humanized-monoclonal-antibody-cocktail-for-post-exposure-prophylaxis-of-rabies
#16
Tzu-Yuan Chao, Shiqi Ren, Enyun Shen, Susan Moore, Shou-Feng Zhang, Li Chen, Charles E Rupprecht, Eric Tsao
Rabies is a neglected zoonotic disease that is preventable in humans by appropriate post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). However, current PEP relies on polyclonal immune globulin products purified from pooled human (HRIG) or equine (ERIG) plasma that are either in chronic shortage or in association with safety concerns. Here, we present the development of an antibody cocktail, SYN023, made of two novel monoclonal antibodies (MAb) CTB011 and CTB012 that could serve as safer and more cost-effective alternatives to the current RIG products...
December 20, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260372/changes-in-neocortical-and-hippocampal-microglial-cells-during-hibernation
#17
Gonzalo León-Espinosa, Mamen Regalado-Reyes, Javier DeFelipe, Alberto Muñoz
Mammalian hibernation proceeds alongside a wide range of complex brain adaptive changes that appear to protect the brain from extreme hypoxia and hypothermia. Using immunofluorescence, confocal microscopy, quantitative analysis methods and intracellular injections, we have characterized microglia morphological changes that occur in the neocortex and hippocampus of the Syrian hamster during hibernation. In euthermic hamsters, microglial cells showed the typical ramified/resting morphology with multiple long, thin and highly-branched processes homogeneously immunostained for Iba-1...
December 19, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243803/effect-of-metformin-on-fibrosarcoma-in-hamsters
#18
D J Popović, D Lalošević, D Miljković, K J Popović, I Čapo, J K Popović
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of metformin on an in vivo solid tumor model of fibrosarcoma in hamsters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 33 Syrian golden hamsters of both sexes, weighing approximately 100 g, were randomly allocated to 3 experimental and 2 control groups. 2 x 106 BHK-21/C13 cells in 1 ml were injected subcutaneously into the animals' back in 4 groups. The first experimental group (7 animals) started peroral treatment with metformin 500 mg/kg daily via a gastric probe 7 days before tumor inoculation, the second (8 animals) 3 days before inoculation and the third (6 animals) immediately after inoculation...
December 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231996/molecular-mechanisms-of-tributyltin-induced-alterations-in-cholesterol-homeostasis-and-steroidogenesis-in-hamster-testis-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-studies
#19
V Kanimozhi, K Palanivel, M A Akbarsha, B Kadalmani
Tributyltins (TBT) are ubiquitous and persistent environmental contaminants that disturb normal endocrine function including gonadal function in humans and marine organisms. TBT was administered through oral route to male Syrian hamsters at daily doses of 50, 100 and 150 ppm/kg for 65 days. Changes in testis morphology, immunohistochemistry of iNOS, 3β-HSD and 17β-HSD, cholesterol transport receptor, nuclear receptors, and transcription factors were analyzed. TBT treatment affected each of these parameters to significant levels in a dose-dependent manner compared to vehicle treated control...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226822/documenting-deaths-in-the-syrian-war
#20
Hani Mowafi, Jennifer Leaning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Lancet Global Health
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