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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531179/the-gingival-vein-as-a-minimally-traumatic-site-for-multiple-blood-sampling-in-guinea-pigs-and-hamsters
#1
Mariana Valotta Rodrigues, Simone Oliveira de Castro, Cynthia Zaccanini de Albuquerque, Vânia Gomes de Moura Mattaraia, Marcelo Larami Santoro
Laboratory animals are still necessary in scientific investigation and vaccine testing, but while novel methodological approaches are not available for their replacement, the search for new, humane, easy, and painless methods is necessary to diminish their stress and pain. When multiple blood samples are to be collected from hamsters and guinea pigs, the number of available venipuncture sites-which are greatly diminished in these species in comparison with other rodents due to the absence of a long tail-, harasses animal caregivers and researchers...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530772/characteristics-of-the-injuries-of-syrian-refugees-sustained-during-the-civil-war
#2
Betül Kocamer Şimşek, Mehmet Dokur, Erdal Uysal, Necdet Çalıker, Oruç Numan Gökçe, İbrahim Kürşat Deniz, Murat Uğur, Murat Geyik, Mehmet Kaya, Güner Dağlı
BACKGROUND: During a war, many civilians are severely injured by firearms, bombs, and shrapnel. The triage of war injuries involves difficult and complicated processes requiring surgical procedures and patient monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of hospitals. In this study, we examine the demographic, traumatic, and critical care characteristics of cases injured during the civil war in Syria and requiring emergency surgery. METHODS: Electronic data of the traumatic, surgical, and ICU monitoring features of 707 patients admitted to Kilis Public Hospital between March 2012 and January 2013 were analyzed retrospectively RESULTS: Most of the patients reported having been injured due to firearms (83...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516833/animal-models-of-ebolavirus-infection
#3
Marisa C St Claire, Dan R Ragland, Laura Bollinger, Peter B Jahrling
Ebola virus is a highly pathogenic member of the family Filoviridae that causes a severe hemorrhagic disease in humansand NHP. The 2013-2016 West African outbreak has increased interest in the development and refinement of animal models of Ebola virus disease. These models are used to test countermeasures and vaccines, gain scientific insights into the mechanisms of disease progression and transmission, and study key correlates of immunology. Ebola virus is classified as a BSL4 pathogen and Category A agent, for which the United States government requires preparedness in case of bioterrorism...
May 17, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516399/hangeshashinto-tj-14-prevents-radiation-induced-mucositis-by-suppressing-cyclooxygenase-2-expression-and-chemotaxis-of-inflammatory-cells
#4
D Kamide, T Yamashita, K Araki, M Tomifuji, A Shiotani
PURPOSE: Radiation-induced oral mucositis is the most common side effect of radiotherapy in head and neck cancer; however, effective modalities for its prevention have not been established. In this study, we evaluated the effectiveness of Hangeshashinto (TJ-14), a Japanese herbal medicine, for preventing radiation-induced mucositis and elucidated its effect on inflammatory responses, including inflammatory cell chemotaxis and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX2) expression, in an animal model. METHODS: Syrian hamsters, 8-9 weeks old, were enrolled in this study...
May 17, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511899/signaling-pathways-to-and-from-the-hypophysial-pars-tuberalis-an-important-center-for-the-control-of-seasonal-rhythms
#5
REVIEW
Horst-Werner Korf
Seasonal (circannual) rhythms play an important role for the control of body functions (reproduction, metabolism, immune responses) in nearly all living organisms. Also humans are affected by the seasons with regard to immune responses and mental functions, the seasonal affective disorder being one of the most prominent examples. The hypophysial pars tuberalis (PT), an important interface between the hypophysial pars distalis and neuroendocrine centers in the brain, plays an essential role in the regulation of seasonal functions and may even be the seat of the circannual clock...
May 13, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511867/social-housing-and-social-isolation-impact-on-stress-indices-and-energy-balance-in-male-and-female-syrian-hamsters-mesocricetus-auratus
#6
Amy P Ross, Alisa Norvelle, Dennis C Choi, James C Walton, H Elliott Albers, Kim L Huhman
Although Syrian hamsters are thought to be naturally solitary, recent evidence from our laboratory demonstrates that hamsters may actually prefer social contact. Hamsters increase their preference for a location associated with an agonistic encounter regardless of whether they have "won" or "lost". It has also been reported that social housing as well as exposure to intermittent social defeat or to a brief footshock stressor increase food intake and body mass in hamsters. By contrast, it has also been suggested that housing hamsters in social isolation causes anxiety-induced anorexia and reductions in body mass selectively in females...
May 13, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509517/impact-of-providing-free-preventive-dental-products-without-health-workers-counselling-on-infants-tooth-brushing-and-bottle-feeding-termination-practices-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
E Joury, M Alghadban, K Elias, R Bedi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of an integrated oral health promotion intervention, within the Syrian national immunisation programme, which provided free preventive dental health products, without health workers' counselling, on one-year-old infants' tooth-brushing and bottle-feeding termination practices. RESEARCH DESIGN: a randomised controlled parallel-group trial. SETTING: A maternal and child health centre in Sweida city, Syria...
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504635/-favism-after-ingestion-of-fava-beans-in-a-three-year-old-child-with-glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency
#8
Margrethe Bordado Sköld, Rikke Pilsgaard Svendsen, Ellen Bøtker Pedersen
A three-year-old Syrian boy was hospitalized with symptoms of acute haemolytic anaemia after ingestion of fava beans. He was stabilized by blood transfusion, and genetic examination revealed glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency. Oxidative stress, e.g. ingestion of fava beans, can induce acute haemolytic anaemia in affected individuals. Approximately 400 million people worldwide suffer from G6PD deficiency. The prevalence is high in African, Mediterranean and Middle East countries. Due to increased immigration, we might expect the condition to occur more often in Danish healthcare...
May 15, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497699/humanitarian-space-and-well-being-effectiveness-of-training-on-a-psychosocial-intervention-for-host-community-refugee-interaction
#9
Zeina Chemali, Christina P C Borba, Kelsey Johnson, Rebecca S Hock, Lindsey Parnarouskis, David C Henderson, Gregory L Fricchione
Social and fieldworkers face enormous challenges in assisting millions of Syrian refugees in Lebanon since the Syrian war in 2011. We sought to assess the feasibility and acceptability of an adapted version of the SMART-3RP (Stress Management Relaxation Response Resilience Training) training to address the emotional and physical burden on the humanitarian field. Data were collected using the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), blood pressure, pulse and a brief qualitative survey at months 0, 3, 6 and 9. We compared mean SCL-90 scores and physiological measures from these time points and subjected qualitative data to a thematic analysis...
May 12, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495107/helping-hands-across-a-war-torn-border-the-israeli-medical-effort-treating-casualties-of-the-syrian-civil-war
#10
Hany Bahouth, Amir Shlaifer, Avraham Yitzhak, Elon Glassberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490426/health-care-needs-and-use-of-health-care-services-among-newly-arrived-syrian-refugees-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Anna Oda, Andrew Tuck, Branka Agic, Michaela Hynie, Brenda Roche, Kwame McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Canada welcomed 33 723 Syrian refugees between November 2015 and November 2016. This paper reports the results of a rapid assessment of health care needs and use of health care services among newly arrived Syrian refugees in Toronto. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Toronto among Syrian refugees aged 18 years or more who had been in Canada for 12 months or less. Participants were recruited initially through distribution of flyers in hotels and through direct referrals and communication with community and settlement agency partners, and then through snowball sampling...
May 3, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487812/high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-a-group-of-syrian-university-male-students-and-its-associations-with-smoking-physical-activity-anthropometric-measurements-and-some-hematologic-inflammation-biomarkers
#12
Wafika Zarzour, Nada Dehneh, Mazen Rajab
In Syria, health risk data on young males are limited. Hence, the aim of the present study was to evaluate cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors along with C-reactive protein levels measured by high-sensitive method (hsCRP) in a group of healthy males of university students (n = 101, 18-25 years old). Participants' anthropometric characteristics; alcohol drinking, smoking, and physical activity habits; parents medical history; and some inflammatory biomarkers were inspected for their associations with hsCRP...
2017: International Journal of Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485696/neuroprotective-role-of-trolox-in-hippocampus-after-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-mouse
#13
Arash Sarveazad, Asrin Babahajian, Abazar Yari, Farjam Goudarzi, Mansoureh Soleimani, Mohammadreza Nourani
Cerebral ischemia is worldwide the third largest cause of mortality and disability in old people, and oxidative stress plays a considerable role in this process. In this study, for the fi rst time, we evaluated the effects of Trolox as an antioxidative agent in ischemia induced by reperfusion. Twenty-four Syrian male mice were randomly divided into the 3 groups. Both common carotid arteries of Syrian mice were ligated bilaterally for 20 min, blood fl ow was restored and Trolox (50 mg/kg) was immediately injected after induced ischemia...
May 9, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484574/neurosurgery-under-siege-stories-from-aleppo-and-the-syrian-war-a-narrative-article
#14
Fakhr Fakhouri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480671/multidisciplinary-care-of-a-13-year-old-syrian-child
#15
Yuri Viner, Alexander Braslavsky, Salman Zarka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472394/assessing-trauma-and-mental-health-in-refugee-children-and-youth-a-systematic-review-of-validated-screening-and-measurement-tools
#16
A K Gadeberg, E Montgomery, H W Frederiksen, M Norredam
: It is estimated that children below 18 years constitute 50% of the refugee population worldwide, which is the highest figure in a decade. Due to conflicts like the Syrian crises, children are continuously exposed to traumatic events. Trauma exposure can cause mental health problems that may in turn increase the risk of morbidity and mortality. Tools such as questionnaires and interview guides are being used extensively, despite the fact that only a few have been tested and their validity confirmed in refugee children and youth...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471616/more-than-three-years-of-medical-humanitarian-aid-to-the-syrian-people
#17
Salman Zarka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464894/hypolipidemic-effect-of-xh601-on-hamsters-of-hyperlipidemia-and-its-potential-mechanism
#18
Meng-Jie Zhao, Shan-Shan Wang, Yao Jiang, Ying Wang, Hong Shen, Pei Xu, Hua Xiang, Hong Xiao
BACKGROUND: The novel compound XH601 is a synthesized derivative of formononetin. The present study was to investigate the hypolipidemia effect and potential mechanism of XH601. METHODS: Male Golden Syrian hamsters were induced by high-fat diet (HFD) for eight weeks and the hyperlipidemic model was established successfully. After XH601 treatment, serum and hepatic biochemistry parameters of hamsters were detected and the effect of XH601 on adipose tissue was also analyzed...
May 2, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457144/molecular-effects-of-hesperetin-a-citrus-flavanone-on7-12-dimethylbenz-a-anthracene-induced-buccal-pouch-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-golden-syrian-hamsters
#19
Sukumar Babukumar, Veerasamy Vinothkumar, Periyannan Velu, Duraisamy Ramachandhiran, Madhavan Ramados Nirmal
In recent years, researchers have been focused on citrus flavanone, a naturally occurring bioactive substance of hesperetin. To investigate the molecular mechanism based chemopreventive efficacy of hesperetin on 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) induced hamster buccal pouch (HBP) squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The oral tumour was provoked by painted with 0.5% DMBA on left buccal pouch thrice a week for 10 consecutive weeks developed well-differentiated SCC and tumour formation was 100% in DMBA alone. We evaluated the chemopreventive potential of hesperetin by assessing the lipid peroxidation (LPO) by-products, status of enzymatic, non-enzymatic antioxidants, detoxifying agents etc...
May 1, 2017: Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457104/delivery-of-transverse-lie-twins-in-a-15-year-old-syrian-mother
#20
David Peleg, Gad Azogui, Sahar Heib, Inbar Ben Shachar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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