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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349221/women-at-war-the-crucible-of-vietnam
#1
Anica Pless Kaiser, Daniel H Kabat, Avron Spiro, Eve H Davison, Jeanne Mager Stellman
Relatively little has been written about the military women who served in Vietnam, and there is virtually no literature on deployed civilian women (non-military). We examined the experiences of 1285 American women, military and civilian, who served in Vietnam during the war and responded to a mail survey conducted approximately 25 years later in which they were asked to report and reflect upon their experiences and social and health histories. We compare civilian women, primarily American Red Cross workers, to military women stratified by length of service, describe their demographic characteristics and warzone experiences (including working conditions, exposure to casualties and sexual harassment), and their homecoming following Vietnam...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335663/improving-mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-military-veterans-examining-the-effects-of-perceived-need-for-care-and-social-support
#2
Robert Graziano, Eric B Elbogen
Objective: Many veterans with mental health problems do not adequately utilize needed care. Research has focused on identifying barriers to mental health care in veterans. Method: The current study adds to existing literature by examining whether perceived need for treatment and social support affect treatment utilization in a national longitudinal survey of Iraq and Afghanistan veterans (n = 1090). Results: The Health Beliefs Model (HBM) postulates that a key reason why patients fail to obtain needed care is their belief "it's up to me to handle my own problems...
September 2017: Military Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304289/risk-factors-clinical-presentations-and-functional-impairments-for-generalized-anxiety-disorder-in-military-personnel-and-the-general-population-in-canada
#3
Tamara L Taillieu, Tracie O Afifi, Sarah Turner, Kristene Cheung, Janique Fortier, Mark Zamorski, Jitender Sareen
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine differences in sociodemographic risk factors, comorbid mental conditions, clinical presentations, and functional impairments associated with past-year generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) between Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) Regular Force personnel and the Canadian general population (CGP). METHOD: Data were from 2 nationally representative surveys collected by Statistics Canada: 1) the Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health, collected in 2012 ( N = 25,113; response rate = 68...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295023/gender-specific-risk-factors-for-psychopathology-and-reduced-functioning-in-a-post-9-11-veteran-sample
#4
Arielle A J Scoglio, Steven D Shirk, Rani A Hoff, Marc N Potenza, Carolyn M Mazure, Crystal L Park, Sherry A McKee, Elizabeth A Porter, Shane W Kraus
U.S. combat veterans frequently encounter challenges after returning from deployment, and these challenges may lead to difficulties in psychological and social functioning. Currently, research is limited on gender-related differences within this population, despite female veterans comprising a growing portion of the U.S. military with roles and exposures similar to their male counterparts. Using secondary analysis, we examined 283 returning combat veterans (female = 29.4%) for differences in psychopathology and trauma history...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284431/the-health-and-wellbeing-needs-of-veterans-a-rapid-review
#5
Candice Oster, Andrea Morello, Anthony Venning, Paula Redpath, Sharon Lawn
BACKGROUND: For the majority of serving members, life in the military has a positive effect on wellbeing. However, the type, intensity and duration of service, along with the transition from fulltime military to civilian life, may have a negative effect on veterans' wellbeing. Such negative consequences, alongside the growing veteran population, indicate the need for greater exploration of veterans' physical, mental and social wellbeing. METHODS: The current paper reports on the findings of a rapid review of the literature on the health and wellbeing needs of veterans, commissioned by the Australian Department of Veterans' Affairs to inform future programs and services...
December 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282787/development-and-evaluation-of-the-expressions-of-moral-injury-scale-military-version
#6
Joseph M Currier, Jacob K Farnsworth, Kent D Drescher, Ryon C McDermott, Brook M Sims, David L Albright
There is consensus that military personnel can encounter a far more diverse set of challenges than researchers and clinicians have historically appreciated. Moral injury (MI) represents an emerging construct to capture behavioural, social, and spiritual suffering that may transcend and overlap with mental health diagnoses (e.g., post-traumatic stress disorder and major depressive disorder). The Expressions of Moral Injury Scale-Military Version (EMIS-M) was developed to provide a reliable and valid means for assessing the warning signs of a MI in military populations...
December 28, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282479/what-drives-the-relationship-between-combat-and-alcohol-problems-in-soldiers-the-roles-of-perception-and-marriage
#7
Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Rachel A Hoopsick, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: While the relationship between combat exposure and alcohol problems is well-established, the role of perceptions of trauma is less understood. The goal of this study was to explore associations between National Guard (NG) and reserve soldiers' perceptions of combat experiences as traumatic and alcohol problems, and to examine marital satisfaction as a possible protective factor. METHODS: The Operation: SAFETY study recruited US Army Reserve and NG soldiers and their partners to complete a questionnaire covering many physical and mental health, military service, and substance use topics...
December 27, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279038/development-of-a-bereavement-group-in-a-geriatric-mental-health-clinic-for-veterans
#8
Elizabeth A Mulligan, Michele J Karel
OBJECTIVES: This article describes the development and program evaluation of an 8-session outpatient geriatric mental health clinic bereavement group for United States military veterans who experienced the death of a loved one. METHODS: Group materials were developed based on a review of literature, with a focus on the dual process model of coping with bereavement and complicated grief treatment. Data are presented from 19 veterans who attended at least 4 of the 8 sessions across the five offerings of this group between 2013 and 2015...
December 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243564/deportation-of-non-citizen-military-veterans-a-critical-analysis-of-implications-for-the-right-to-health
#9
Danielle Horyniak, Ietza Bojorquez, Richard F Armenta, Peter J Davidson
Military personnel are commonly exposed to health-harming conditions during their service, resulting in higher rates of physical and mental health conditions compared with the general population. In an era of mass deportations, it is notable that non-citizen military veterans are not exempt from deportation. We utilised a human rights framework to conduct a critical analysis of potential health consequences of deportation for U.S. military veterans, identifying three ways in which veterans' rights to health may be constrained through deportation...
December 15, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221697/prevalence-of-mental-health-disorders-in-elderly-u-s-military-veterans-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#10
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Karla Greenberg, Neil Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Older veterans may be vulnerable to mental health problems. Meta-analytic and systematic review methods sought to determine the prevalence rate of mental health disorders in older military veterans (≥65 years). METHODS: Eleven studies were eligible, and meta-analyses of veteran depression, substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, dementia, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia were conducted. RESULTS: Although conducted exclusively with U...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214628/an-evaluation-of-the-significance-of-individual-endogenous-risk-factors-and-medical-and-orthopaedic-conditions-on-physical-fitness-in-military-executives
#11
Christoph Schulze, Michael Becker, Suzanne Finze, Christoph Holtherm, Jens Hinder, Andreas Lison
As part of occupational health promotion in the Bundeswehr (military services of the Federal Republic of Germany), top-ranking executives were offered a medical examination and training program. The participants were subjected to retrospective evaluation. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent risk factors for the development of internal and orthopaedic conditions are present in military executives and how these factors affect physical fitness. To collect their medical history, a total of 122 male subjects answered a questionnaire aimed at evaluating private and occupational stress factors...
October 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194181/feasibility-of-a-skills-based-group-reintegration-workshop-for-oef-oif-veterans-step-home
#12
Catherine Brawn Fortier, Alexandra Kenna, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Jennifer Fonda, Laura K Levin, Colleen Hursh, Hannah Franz, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of a newly developed reintegration workshop for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans that is based on an evidence-based rehabilitation program shown to be effective in treating mild traumatic brain injury-related symptoms in civilians. Underutilization and resistance to mental health treatment remain a significant problem for OEF/OIF Veterans. Innovative, integrative, transdiagnostic, and acceptable interventions are needed, particularly for this heterogeneous group...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193289/disproportionate-mental-health-burden-associated-with-past-year-intimate-partner-violence-among-women-receiving-care-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
Melissa E Dichter, Anneliese Sorrentino, Scarlett Bellamy, Elina Medvedeva, Christopher B Roberts, Katherine M Iverson
Experience of intimate partner violence (IPV) can lead to mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and unhealthy substance use. Women seen in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) face high rates of both IPV and mental health morbidity. This study aimed to identify associations between recent IPV experience and mental health diagnoses among women VHA patients. We examined medical records data for 8,888 female veteran and nonveteran VHA patients across 13 VHA facilities who were screened for past-year IPV between April, 2014 and April, 2016...
December 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180101/beyond-war-and-ptsd-the-crucial-role-of-transition-stress-in-the-lives-of-military-veterans
#14
REVIEW
Meaghan C Mobbs, George A Bonanno
Although only a relatively small minority of military veterans develop Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), mental health theory and research with military veterans has focused primarily on PTSD and its treatment. By contrast, many and by some accounts most veterans experience high levels of stress during the transition to civilian life, however transition stress has received scant attention. In this paper we attempt to address this deficit by reviewing the wider range of challenges, rewards, successes, and failures that transitioning veterans might experience, as well as the factors that might moderate these experiences...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179579/a-population-based-longitudinal-study-of-symptoms-and-signs-before-the-onset-of-psychosis
#15
Abigail Livny, Abraham Reichenberg, Eyal Fruchter, Rinat Yoffe, Shira Goldberg, Daphna Fenchel, Shimon Burshtein, Eitan Bachar, Michael Davidson, Mark Weiser
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to characterize the symptoms of patients later hospitalized for psychotic disorders in primary mental health outpatient settings, and to investigate whether these symptoms can be used to predict later onset of psychotic illness. METHOD: This was a population-based historical prospective cohort study using national registers of clinical psychiatric services. The sample (N=114,983) comprised 18- to 21-year-olds serving in the Israeli military and examined in military mental health outpatient clinics across 72 consecutive months...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179017/intimate-partner-violence-and-disordered-eating-among-male-and-female-veterans
#16
Brooke A Bartlett, Katherine M Iverson, Karen S Mitchell
Intimate partner violence (IPV) affects many women and men in the United States and has been associated with numerous mental health conditions, including disordered eating (DE). Veterans may be especially vulnerable to experiencing both of these serious problems given the unique aspects and stressors relevant to military culture, including high rates of trauma exposure. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of past-year IPV among independent samples of male (N = 642) and female (N = 198) veterans and to examine the association between past-year IPV and DE...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176003/predicting-how-health-behaviours-contribute-to-the-development-of-diseases-within-a-military-population-in-the-hungarian-defence-forces
#17
Attila Novák, B Hornyák, Zs Rázsó, Sz Szalánczi, Zs Juhász, A Sótér, Cs Nyakas
INTRODUCTION: Recent legislative amendments in Hungary have resulted in the possibility for early retirement being abolished in the Hungarian Defence Forces. The retirement age for professional soldiers has also increased to 65 years, thereby greatly increasing the average length of military service. This necessitates greater attention to the health and care of service personnel due to the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases with age. The aim of this research was to identify how health behaviours might potentially contribute to diseases in the Hungarian Defence Forces...
November 23, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172562/association-between-perceptions-of-military-service-and-mental-health-problems-in-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-united-states-military-veterans
#18
Allison A Campbell, Blair E Wisco, Brian P Marx, Robert H Pietrzak
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined the prevalence of positive and negative perceptions of military service, associations between these perceptions and other demographic and military-related factors, and the extent to which endorsement of positive and negative perceptions of military service are associated with current mental health problems among United States veterans. METHOD: We analyzed data from the National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study (NHRVS), a nationally representative survey of 1,484 United States military veterans, 564 of which reported combat exposure...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171862/deployment-related-military-sexual-trauma-predicts-heavy-drinking-and-alcohol-problems-among-male-reserve-and-national-guard-soldiers
#19
Jennifer Fillo, Sarah Cercone Heavey, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Military sexual trauma (MST) is associated with a range of deleterious mental and physical health consequences; however, far less attention has been paid to the associations between MST and negative health behaviors, such as substance abuse. This study examined 2 focal research questions: (i) What is the prevalence of experiencing MST during deployment among male Reserve and National Guard soldiers? and (ii) to what extent is the degree of MST exposure during deployment associated with frequent heavy drinking and alcohol problems postdeployment? METHODS: Data from male soldiers who had been deployed (N = 248) were drawn from the baseline wave of Operation: SAFETY (Soldiers And Families Excelling Through the Years) an ongoing study examining health among U...
November 24, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171564/mental-health-of-cardiac-patients-in-gilgit-pakistan-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Sadiq Hussain, Mehwish Batool Mir, Sabih Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare mental health of cardiac patients with disease-free individuals. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out at the Combined Military Hospital, Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan, from August to December 2016, and comprised cardiac patients in group A and healthy controls in group B. Data was collected using mental health inventory, a 38-item tool to measure general psychological distress and well-being. Cardiac patients' mental health was compared with illness-free individuals by applying descriptive and inferential statistical techniques...
November 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
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