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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913894/veteran-treatment-courts-a-promising-solution
#1
Ashok Paparao Yerramsetti, Daniel David Simons, Loretta Coonan, Andrea Stolar
The high prevalence of substance use, traumatic brain injury, post-traumatic stress disorder, and other mental illness in the veteran population presents unique public health and social justice challenges. Veteran involvement in the justice system has been identified as a national concern. Criminal justice involvement compounds pre-existing socioeconomic stressors and further strains support systems. The point of contact with the criminal justice system, however, presents an opportunity to establish mental health treatment...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913683/an-evidence-map-of-the-women-veterans-health-research-literature-2008-2015
#2
Elisheva R Danan, Erin E Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Eva Koeller, Roderick MacDonald, Tina Velasquez, Nancy Greer, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Women comprise a growing proportion of Veterans seeking care at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities. VA initiatives have accelerated changes in services for female Veterans, yet the corresponding literature has not been systematically reviewed since 2008. In 2015, VA Women's Health Services and the VA Women's Health Research Network requested an updated literature review to facilitate policy and research planning. METHODS: The Minneapolis VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program performed a systematic search of research related to female Veterans' health published from 2008 through 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903578/mental-health-services-use-trends-in-canadian-veterans-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study-in-ontario
#3
Alyson L Mahar, Alice B Aiken, Heidi Cramm, Marlo Whitehead, Patti Groome, Paul Kurdyak
OBJECTIVE: A substantial evidence base in the peer-reviewed literature exists investigating mental illness in the military, but relatively less is documented about mental illness in veterans. This study uses provincial, administrative data to study the use of mental health services by Canadian veterans in Ontario. METHOD: This was a retrospective cohort study of Canadian Armed Forces and Royal Canadian Mounted Police veterans who were released between 1990 and 2013 and resided in Ontario...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902444/genomewide-association-studies-of-suicide-attempts-in-us-soldiers
#4
Murray B Stein, Erin B Ware, Colter Mitchell, Chia-Yen Chen, Susan Borja, Tianxi Cai, Catherine L Dempsey, Carol S Fullerton, Joel Gelernter, Steven G Heeringa, Sonia Jain, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Matthew K Nock, Stephan Ripke, Xiaoying Sun, Jean C Beckham, Nathan A Kimbrel, Robert J Ursano, Jordan W Smoller
Suicide is a global public health problem with particular resonance for the US military. Genetic risk factors for suicidality are of interest as indicators of susceptibility and potential targets for intervention. We utilized population-based nonclinical cohorts of US military personnel (discovery: N = 473 cases and N = 9778 control subjects; replication: N = 135 cases and N = 6879 control subjects) and a clinical case-control sample of recent suicide attempters (N = 51 cases and N = 112 control subjects) to conduct GWAS of suicide attempts (SA)...
September 13, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899613/psychiatric-comorbidity-pattern-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#5
J Don Richardson, F Ketcheson, L King, P Shnaider, M Marlborough, A Thompson, J D Elhai
OBJECTIVE: To compare physical and mental health outcomes of Canadian military personnel with probable mild traumatic brain injury(mTBI) to outcomes of those without and to report implications for collaboration and treatment. METHODS: One hundred forty-seven soldiers attending the Operational Stress Injury Clinic at Parkwood Hospital, London, Ontario, were screened for mTBI and completed several other measures of mental and physical health. Scores from these measures were compared across two groups (positive vs...
September 1, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893387/the-effect-of-pulsed-electromagnetic-frequency-therapy-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-military-service-members-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#6
Ann Marie Nayback-Beebe, Linda H Yoder, Brandon J Goff, Sonya Arzola, Christopher Weidlich
BACKGROUND: In the U.S. military, chronic low back pain is among the most frequent complaints for medical visits, lost work time, and attrition from active duty and the deployed setting by service members. PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to determine whether adjunctive treatment with pulsed electromagnetic frequency (PEMF) produced significant variability in chronic low back pain symptoms and secondary health-related quality of life, mental health and disability outcomes...
July 20, 2017: Nursing Outlook
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885951/providers-perspectives-on-barriers-and-facilitators-to-connecting-women-veterans-to-alcohol-related-care-from-primary-care
#7
Traci H Abraham, Eleanor T Lewis, Michael A Cucciare
BACKGROUND: Unhealthy drinking is relatively common among women U.S. military Veterans. Primary care is often the setting where patients first come into contact with the health care system, and providers in this setting play a critical role in connecting unhealthy drinkers to appropriate care. Little is known about primary care providers' perspectives on factors that affect whether women Veterans presenting to primary care with unhealthy drinking connect to alcohol-related care. Understanding factors that affect whether patients connect to alcohol-related care may improve providers' ability to support women Veterans with unhealthy drinking get needed care...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885946/the-association-between-service-members-participation-in-humanitarian-aid-and-disaster-relief-and-mental-health-symptoms-and-treatments
#8
Yeong Kim, Nilam Patel, Glen Diehl, Patrick Richard
INTRODUCTION: There is a scarcity of research establishing a relationship between mental illness and the U.S. military service members who participate in the field of military humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR). One of the few studies in this area showed that participation in military HA/DR was not associated with depressive symptoms, however, the study was limited by sample size. This study examined (1) the relationship between participation in military HA/DR and mental health symptoms and military stress and (2) the relationship between HA/DR and mental health treatment and therapy...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885932/screening-for-complicated-grief-in-a-military-mental-health-clinic
#9
Eileen M Delaney, Kathryn J Holloway, Derek M Miletich, Jennifer A Webb-Murphy, Nicole M Lanouette
INTRODUCTION: Bereavement is one of the most common and stressful life experiences one can endure. Typical grief reactions follow a course of recovery in which individuals come to terms with the loss and resume functioning within weeks to months. However, for some, grief remains indefinitely distressing. Complicated Grief (CG) refers to significant chronic impairment that stems from bereavement. Military service members experience myriad factors that likely increase their risk for developing CG...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885929/the-relationship-between-emerging-adult-alcohol-consumption-and-military-enlistment
#10
Mojtaba Shirvani, Mark B Reed, Sarah Clingan
BACKGROUND: The use and abuse of alcohol among active duty personnel is well documented in the research literature. Over the last decade rates of heavy and excessive drinking within the military have increased significantly, coinciding with both Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom. The heavy use of alcohol by military personnel can be attributed to multiple factors such as the psychosocial and environmental stressors of military life and is frequently linked to mental health issues, the transient nature of the armed forces, the number and length of deployments, and exposure to life-threatening situations in combat environments...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883028/exploring-the-health-risks-of-help-seeking-military-veterans-living-in-different-parts-of-the-uk
#11
R L Ashwick, D Murphy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mental and physical health differences of treatment-seeking military veterans across the different nations that make up the UK. The aim of this research was to explore potential health differences in order to support better service planning. METHODS: A random cross-sectional sample of treatment-seeking veterans residing in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland was identified from a national mental health charity. 403 veterans completed a questionnaire highlighting their demographics, mental health and physical health difficulties...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880738/military-sexual-trauma-and-obesity-among-women-veterans
#12
Nivedita Pandey, Samir N Ashfaq, Edward W Dauterive, Andrea A MacCarthy, Laurel A Copeland
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the experience of military sexual trauma (MST) that may contribute to PTSD, and obesity are three issues that complicate care for our population of new veterans. Our aim was to analyze the association of MST and diagnosed PTSD with obesity among female veterans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Women 20-103 years old using the Veterans Health Administration (VA) in fiscal year 2014 (October 2013-September 2014) with diagnosis and body-mass data were identified in administrative databases (213,985 of 404,183 women)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880607/mind-body-therapy-for-military-veterans-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-systematic-review
#13
Robin E Cushing, Kathryn L Braun
OBJECTIVE: About a third of service members returning from post-9/11 deployment in Afghanistan and Iraq report combat-related mental health conditions, but many do not seek conventional treatment. Mind-body therapies have been offered as alternative approaches to decreasing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but no review of studies with veterans of post-9/11 operations was found. The objective of this study was to fill that gap. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was conducted following the preferred items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876217/-we-are-disaster-response-experts-a-qualitative-study-on-the-mental-health-impact-of-volunteering-in-disaster-settings-among-combat-veterans
#14
Derrick Kranke, Eugenia L Weiss, Kevin C Heslin, Aram Dobalian
Volunteers serving in a disaster context may experience harmful mental health effects that could impede rescue operations. Exploratory research suggests that combat veterans who volunteer in Team Rubicon (TR)-a disaster relief social service organization with the mission of uniting the skills and experiences of military Veterans with first responders to rapidly deploy emergency response teams-have positive mental health responses when providing disaster relief. The objective of this qualitative study was to identify those nuances associated with combat veterans' mental health response in TR...
September 6, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875713/the-impact-of-fathers-military-deployment-on-child-adjustment-the-support-needs-of-primary-school-children-and-their-families-separated-during-active-military-service-a-pilot-study
#15
Sharon Pexton, Jacqui Farrants, William Yule
BACKGROUND: Although direct exposure to war-related trauma negatively impacts children's psychological well-being, little is known about this impact within the context of parental military deployment to a combat zone and 'indirect' experience of the effects of armed conflict. This study investigates the impact of father's military deployment to Afghanistan on child well-being in primary schoolchildren and compares measures of adjustment with a matched group of children with fathers deployed on military training (non-combat) deployment...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864685/suicide-and-all-cause-mortality-in-swedish-deployed-military-veterans-a-population-based-matched-cohort-study
#16
Carl-Martin Pethrus, Kari Johansson, Kristian Neovius, Johan Reutfors, Johan Sundström, Martin Neovius
OBJECTIVE: To investigate suicide and mortality risk in deployed military veterans versus non-deployed comparators who had gone through military conscription testing. DESIGN: Population-based matched cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were identified from the Military Service Conscription Register and deployment status from the Swedish Military Information Personnel Register. Of 1.9 million conscripts, 21 721 had deployed at some time between 1990 and 2013 (deployed military veterans)...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861546/addressing-the-needs-of-transgender-military-veterans-better-access-and-more-comprehensive-care
#17
Michelle Dietert, Dianne Dentice, Zander Keig
Purpose: There is a gap in social science literature addressing issues of access and quality of care for transgender military veterans. Psychologists, medical doctors, and other health professionals are beginning to address some of the barriers present in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) system that affect veterans who are also transgender and intersex. Over a 7-year period, between 2006 and 2013, 2600 transgender veterans were served by the VA. Data from several surveys revealed that most transgender veterans perceive the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) to be less than accommodating for their special needs...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857582/supporting-veterans-transitions-from-permanent-supportive-housing
#18
Ann Elizabeth Montgomery, Meagan C Cusack, Sonya Gabrielian
OBJECTIVES: Little research has assessed the nature of veterans' departures from permanent supportive housing (PSH), which may be of positive valence (e.g., moving into more independent housing). This study aimed to identify participants appropriate for "graduation" from PSH and how to support their transitions. METHOD: This mixed methods study used qualitative data from PSH program staff, 445 PSH participants' responses to a survey assessing their experiences and administrative records, and qualitative data from a subsample of 10 participants who graduated from the program...
August 31, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853622/military-veteran-engagement-with-mental-health-and-well-being-services-a-qualitative-study-of-the-role-of-the-peer-support-worker
#19
Bronagh Weir, Margaret Cunningham, Lucy Abraham, Charlie Allanson-Oddy
BACKGROUND: Many UK military veterans experiencing mental health and well-being difficulties do not engage with support services to get the help they need. Some mental health clinics employ Peer Support Workers (PSWs) to help veteran patients engage, however it is not known how the role influences UK veteran engagement. AIMS: To gain insight into the role of peer support in UK veteran engagement with mental health and well-being services. METHOD: A qualitative study based on 18 semi-structured interviews with veterans, PSWs and mental health clinicians at a specialist veteran mental health and well-being clinic in Scotland...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843773/rooted-in-the-community-assessing-the-reintegration-impacts-of-agriculture-on-rural-veterans
#20
Karen Besterman-Dahan, Margeaux Chavez, Eni Njoh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a Veteran-oriented community agricultural initiative (CAI) on transitioning rural Veterans. DESIGN: Convergent mixed-method program evaluation. SETTING: A Veteran-oriented farm-to-market CAI in rural Washington State. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans who were members of the CAI. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Health, well-being, and reintegration were assessed by self-reported data from interview, demographic survey, validated health quality of life measure (Veterans RAND-12 -VR-12), validated reintegration measure (Military to Civilian Questionnaire -M2C-Q), and general satisfaction survey...
August 23, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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