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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907846/modelling-life-satisfaction-and-adjustment-to-trauma-in-children-exposed-to-ongoing-military-violence-an-exploratory-study-in-palestine
#1
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Al Muranak, Husam Hamdouna
Exposure to war and ongoing political violence increases mental health risks among children, especially in terms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and depressive or somatic symptoms. However, an exclusive focus on negative functioning can lead to underestimating the coping abilities and natural potential for adjusting to trauma of war-affected children at different developmental phases. Using structural equation modelling, we tested the extent to which data gathered in a predominantly nonclinical sample of Palestinian children (N=1276) living in refugee camps supported a conceptual model in which the relationship between subjective wellbeing and the effects of trauma is mainly top-down in direction...
November 28, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903838/european-military-mental-health-research-benefits-of-collaboration
#2
EDITORIAL
Hubertus Himmerich, G D Willmund, U Wesemann, N Jones, N T Fear
Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893266/assessing-civilian-perceptions-of-combat-veterans-an-iat-study
#3
Cade Schreger, Matthew Kimble
Objective: Evidence suggests that civilians may have considerable ambivalence to returning veterans. While civilians are frequently grateful for the service of military personnel, they can often be wary of the mental health and stability of returning veterans. If civilians do hold such negative biases toward veterans, whether implicit or explicit, this may have a significant impact on the ability of military personnel to integrate back into society. The goal of the study was to test whether participants held an implicit bias of mental instability toward veterans...
November 28, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868261/mental-health-of-transgender-veterans-of-the-iraq-and-afghanistan-conflicts-who-experienced-military-sexual-trauma
#4
Jan A Lindsay, Colt Keo-Meier, Sonora Hudson, Annette Walder, Lindsey A Martin, Michael R Kauth
Little is known about military sexual trauma (MST) in transgender veterans. To address this gap, we examined archival data regarding transgender veterans from the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. There were 332 transgender veterans treated at the Veterans Health Administration between 2000 and 2013 (78 men, 254 women; mean age 33.86 years), with most being non-Hispanic White. Transgender status and mental health conditions were identified using the International Classification of Diseases, 9(th) Revision (ICD-9; World Health Organization, 1980) codes and chart review...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859610/exploring-reliability-and-validity-of-the-deployment-risk-and-resilience-inventory-2-among-a-nonclinical-sample-of-discharged-soldiers-following-mandatory-military-service
#5
Hagai Maoz, Yiftach Goldwin, Yael Doreen Lewis, Yuval Bloch
The Deployment Risk and Resilience Inventory (DRRI) is a widely used questionnaire assessing deployment-related risk and resilience factors among war veterans. Its successor, the DRRI-2, has only been validated and used among veterans deployed for overseas military missions, but because many countries still enforce compulsory military service, validating it among nonclinical samples of healthy discharged soldiers following mandatory service is also a necessity. In the current study, a sample of 101 discharged Israeli soldiers (39 males, 62 females; mean time since discharge 13...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852604/longitudinal-examination-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-as-a-long-term-outcome-of-iraq-war-deployment
#6
Jennifer J Vasterling, Mihaela Aslan, Susan P Proctor, John Ko, Brian P Marx, Matthew Jakupcak, Paula P Schnurr, Theresa Gleason, Grant D Huang, John Concato
The mental health toll of the Iraq and Afghanistan Wars on military veterans has been considerable, yet little is known about the persistence of these adverse outcomes, especially relative to predeployment status. We prospectively examined posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a long-term consequence of warzone deployment, integrating data collected from 2003-2014. In the Neurocognition Deployment Health Study, we measured PTSD symptoms in US Army soldiers before and shortly after Iraq War deployment. We used the PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version and a structured clinical interview (i...
November 16, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849509/responding-to-trauma-at-sea-a-case-study-in-psychological-first-aid-unique-occupational-stressors-and-resiliency-self-care
#7
Jeffrey Millegan, Eileen M Delaney, Warren Klam
The U.S. Navy deploys Special Psychiatric Rapid Intervention Teams (SPRINT) to sites of military disasters to assist survivors and the command. SPRINT functions primarily as a consultant to help commands effectively respond to the mental health needs of their service members following a traumatic event. Utilizing the principles of psychological first aid, the overall goal of SPRINT is to mitigate long-term mental health dysfunction and facilitate recovery at both the individual and unit level. We present a case study of a SPRINT mission to a deployed U...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849493/the-combined-effect-of-sleep-duration-and-quality-on-mental-health-among-republic-of-korea-armed-forces
#8
Tae Kyung Kim, Hee-Choon Lee, Sang Gyu Lee, Kyu-Tae Han, Eun-Cheol Park
Sleep problems in the Republic of Korea Armed Forces have increased. This study analyzed the mental health impact of sleep duration and quality on personnel of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces. Data from the 2014 Military Health Survey were used. Degree of sleep duration and quality were measured by this self-reported questionnaire. Analysis of variance was carried out to compare Kessler Psychological Distress Scale 10 (K10) scores. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified associations between sleep duration, quality, and K10 scores...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849490/the-psychological-effects-of-rapid-aeromedical-evacuation-in-a-predator-exposure-animal-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#9
C Brad Wilson, Joseph Harre, Thomas Shaak, Joseph Francis, Leslie D McLaughlin
Recent conflicts have contributed to an escalation in combat-related psychiatric disorders, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although technological advances have increased the speed from which battlefield injuries reach definitive care, mental health conditions have continued to rise. This study sought to analyze the effects of flight stressors and the lack of a postcombat decompression period on stress-related behavior. We hypothesized that a 1-week decompression period before flight would attenuate stress-related behavior compared to no decompression...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849488/the-predictive-effects-of-work-environment-on-stigma-toward-and-practical-concerns-for-seeking-mental-health-services
#10
Niwako Yamawaki, Clinton Kelly, Brooke E Dresden, Gregory L Busath, Christina E Riley
The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate factors in the work environment of the U.S. military that influence barriers toward seeking help from mental health. In particular, this study investigated the effects of gender, pay grade, satisfaction of work, coworkers, leaders, and perceived hostility in the workplace on practical concerns for and stigma toward seeking help from mental health services. A sample of 22,792 was drawn from the 2012 Workplace and Gender Relations Survey. The results revealed the crucial roles of work environments for stigma toward seeking help from mental health services...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849485/psychological-impact-of-deploying-in-support-of-the-u-s-response-to-ebola-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-past-outbreaks
#11
Kartavya J Vyas, Eileen M Delaney, Jennifer A Webb-Murphy, Scott L Johnston
OBJECTIVE: To examine the potential psychological impact of deploying in support of the U.S. response to Ebola in west Africa by systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Peer-reviewed articles published between January 2000 and December 2014 were identified using PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Science. Thirty-two studies involving 26,869 persons were included in the systematic review; 13 studies involving 7,785 persons were included in the meta-analysis. Pooled standardized mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849484/the-benefits-of-high-intensity-functional-training-fitness-programs-for-military-personnel
#12
Christopher K Haddock, Walker S C Poston, Katie M Heinrich, Sara A Jahnke, Nattinee Jitnarin
INTRODUCTION: High intensity functional training (HIFT) programs are designed to address multiple fitness domains, potentially providing improved physical and mental readiness in a changing operational environment. Programs consistent with HIFT principals such as CrossFit, SEALFIT and the US Marine Corps' High Intensity Tactical Training (HITT) are increasingly popular among military personnel. The goal of HIFT programs is to produce high levels of cardiorespiratory fitness, endurance and strength that exceed those achieved by following current physical activity recommendations...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825793/adherence-to-the-dietary-guidelines-for-americans-is-associated-with-psychological-resilience-in-young-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Laura J Lutz, Erin Gaffney-Stomberg, Kelly W Williams, Susan M McGraw, Philip J Niro, J Philip Karl, Sonya J Cable, Thomas L Cropper, James P McClung
BACKGROUND: The 2010 Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010), a measure of diet quality, is used to quantify adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Better HEI scores have been associated with positive health outcomes; however, the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, a mental health attribute for coping with adversity, has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to assess the relationship between diet quality and psychological resilience, and the relationship between resilience and demographics, anthropometrics, socioeconomic status, and health behavior...
November 5, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818408/piloting-specialized-mental-health-care-for-rural-women-veterans-using-stair-delivered-via-telehealth-implications-for-reducing-health-disparities
#14
Kathryn J Azevedo, Brandon J Weiss, Katie Webb, Julia Gimeno, Marylène Cloitre
This pilot project implemented a mental health program, STAIR, targeting basic skills in mood management training and social functioning for women veterans with military-related trauma who live in rural areas. We report on outreach and implementation procedures, the women veterans' reactions to the program, and lessons learned.
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816610/forward-psychiatry%C3%A2-%C3%A2-early-intervention-for-mental-health-problems-among-uk-armed-forces-in-afghanistan
#15
N Jones, N T Fear, S Wessely, G Thandi, N Greenberg
BACKGROUND: This observational study examined return to duty (RTD) rates following receipt of early mental health interventions delivered by deployed mental health practitioners. METHOD: In-depth clinical interviews were conducted among 975 UK military personnel referred for mental health assessment whilst deployed in Afghanistan. Socio-demographic, military, operational, clinical and therapy outcomes were recorded in an electronic health record database. Rates and predictors of EVAC were the main outcomes examined using adjusted binary logistic regression analyses...
November 3, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808420/contextualizing-the-psychosocial-well-being-of-military-members-and-their-partners-the-importance-of-community-and-relationship-provisions
#16
Catherine Walker O'Neal, Jay A Mancini, Alycia DeGraff
Evidence of the impact of communities has been documented for a variety of individual and relational outcomes, including mental and physical health as well as the quality of romantic and parent-child relationships. The military represents a rather unique work context; in that, it is generally considered a lifestyle with a distinct culture and community. Yet, military families are also members of their broader, comprehensive community. Drawing from the social organizational theory of action and change (SOC) (Mancini & Bowen, 2013), and relationship provisions theory (Weiss, 1969) and utilizing a sample of 266 active duty military families, this study examined connectedness with the military community and the broader, comprehensive community...
November 3, 2016: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805714/development-of-veteran-centric-competency-domains-for-psychiatric-mental-health-nurse-practitioner-residents
#17
Janet York, Lisa Marie Sternke, Donald Hugh Myrick, Joy Lauerer, Carole Hair
The mental health needs of military service members, Veterans, and their families are a designated national priority; however, there has been little emphasis on the inclusion of Veteran-centric domains in competency-based nursing education for psychiatric-mental health nurse practitioners (PMHNPs). The current article describes the identification and application of Veteran-centric domains in an innovative pilot residency program for PMHNPs, funded by the Veterans Health Administration Office of Academic Affiliations...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787322/2-ce-test-hours-veteran-women-mental-health-related-consequences-of-military-service
#18
Emily Contrada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780335/a-randomized-trial-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-high-risk-suicidal-veterans
#19
Marianne Goodman, David Banthin, Nicholas J Blair, Kathryn A Mascitelli, Jaime Wilsnack, Jennifer Chen, Julie W Messenger, M Mercedes Perez-Rodriguez, Joseph Triebwasser, Harold W Koenigsberg, Raymond R Goetz, Erin A Hazlett, Antonia S New
OBJECTIVE: Despite advances in suicide prevention implemented throughout the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) including the hiring of Suicide Prevention Coordinators (SPCs) at every VA hospital, enhanced monitoring, and the availability of 24-hour crisis hotline services, suicide by veterans remains a critical problem affecting 20 veterans daily. Few empirically based treatment strategies for suicide prevention for postdeployment military personnel exist. This study aimed to test whether dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), one of the few psychosocial treatments with proven efficacy in diminishing suicidal behavior in individuals with personality disorder, can be applied to veterans irrespective of personality diagnosis...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775160/violent-behavior-among-military-reservists
#20
Jamie Kwan, Margaret Jones, Lisa Hull, Simon Wessely, Nicola Fear, Deirdre MacManus
Large numbers of British and American Reservists have been deployed to operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. Little is known about the impact of deployment and combat exposure on violent behavior in Reservists. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of self-reported violent behavior among a representative sample of United Kingdom Reservists, the risk factors associated with violence and the impact of deployment and combat exposure on violence. This study used data from a large cohort study of randomly selected UK military personnel and included Reservists who were in service at the time of sampling (n = 1710)...
October 24, 2016: Aggressive Behavior
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