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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498136/gunshot-wound-in-an-18-year-old-woman-inflicted-with-a-hunting-weapon-through-an-obstacle-mobile-phone-reconstruction-of-events
#1
Anna Smędra, Przemysław Sidelnik, Wojciech Goryca, Jarosław Berent
The article presents a case of an 18-year-old woman wounded by a shot fired from a distance with a hunting weapon. Because the location of the entrance and exit wounds initially seemed inconsistent with the reports (both wounds were described as "large and irregular in shape") and no photographs documenting the inflicted injuries were taken, the case was referred for an opinion to the Department of Forensic Medicine in Lodz. After a review of the medical records, radiology, the victim's clothing, and performance of an experiment using the gun and ammunition, it was established that the entrance wound was located on the abdomen, and the exit wound was located on the buttock...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457327/an-epidemiologic-overview-of-13%C3%A2-years-of-firearm-hospitalizations-in-pennsylvania
#2
Brian W Gross, Alan D Cook, Cole D Rinehart, Caitlin A Lynch, Eric H Bradburn, Katherine A Bupp, Chet A Morrison, Frederick B Rogers
BACKGROUND: Gun violence is a controversial public health issue plagued by a lack of recent research. We sought to provide a 13-y overview of firearm hospitalizations in Pennsylvania, analyzing trends in mode, intent, and outcome. We hypothesized that no adjusted change in mortality or functional status at discharge (FSD) would be observed for gunshot wound (GSW) victims over the study period. METHODS: All admissions to the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcome Study database from 2003 to 2015 were queried...
April 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448860/a-unique-presentation-of-renal-cell-transformation-into-renal-cell-carcinoma-in-subcutaneous-fatty-tissue-post-twenty-year-old-healing-gun-shot-wound-a-case-report
#3
Awadh R Alqahtani, Mohammed A Alqahtani
INTRODUCTION: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common malignancy in the genitourinary tract, and is among the 10 most common cancers in both males and females. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a 61-year-old male who presented with a cutaneous lesion on his left back side at a site where he had undergone several surgeries - including Left nephrectomy - twenty years ago for a gun-shot wound he sustained which penetrated his abdomen. DISCUSSION: At that time pathology reports turned out to be normal, specially left kidney pathology report which was negative for any malignancy...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431393/loss-of-tpm4-1-leads-to-disruption-of-cell-cell-adhesions-and-invasive-behavior-in-breast-epithelial-cells-via-increased-rac1-signaling
#4
SukYeong Jeong, SunYoung Lim, Galina Schevzov, Peter W Gunning, David M Helfman
Here we report the identification and characterization of a novel high molecular weight isoform of tropomyosin, Tpm4.1, expressed from the human TPM4 gene. Tpm4.1 expression is down-regulated in a subset of breast cancer cells compared with untransformed MCF10A breast epithelial cells and in highly metastatic breast cancer cell lines derived from poorly metastatic MDA-MD-231 cells. In addition, patients with invasive ductal breast carcinoma show decreased TPM4 expression compared with patients with ductal breast carcinoma in situ, and low TPM4 expression is associated with poor prognosis...
May 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403495/-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-management-in-kidney-ureter-and-bladder-trauma
#5
Karin Hirsch, Marco Heinz, Bernd Wullich
Trauma refers to the destruction of tissues or organs by external forces and it is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity in children (1, 2). Injuries of the genitourinary tract may be the result of blunt (falls, sport injuries, motor vehicle accidents and sexual abuse) or penetrating (stab wounds, gun shots, falling onto sharp objects) injuries. The genitourinary tract is significantly injured in 2.9% of paediatric trauma patients 4.In the paediatric population, the kidney is the most affected organ in the genitourinary tract (>60% of all genitourinary tract injuries) 4...
February 2017: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399089/-the-topical-problems-of-the-application-of-the-taser-electroshock-devices
#6
I V Kondratova, K Yu Kulinkovich
The objective of the present study was the analysis of publications in the foreign medical literature concerning the problems of safety, clinical diagnostics, pathological morphology, and treatment of the patients subjected to the impact by various models of the TASER electroshock devices. The materials for this article were borrowed from the available Internet resources and libraries. The methods of scientific analysis were employed to follow up the dynamics of publication and to determine the number of publications on the issues of interest...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326453/violent-trauma-recidivism-does-all-violence-escalate
#7
R M Nygaard, A P Marek, S R Daly, J M Van Camp
PURPOSE: Rates of trauma patients presenting with history of prior trauma range from 25 to 44%. Outcomes involving recidivists in the setting of intentional trauma, especially penetrating trauma, are conflicting. We hypothesized that if violence does escalate with successive incidence, then injuries due to successive violence should escalate or become increasingly severe with successive admissions. METHODS: The trauma registry from an urban level I adult and pediatric trauma center was queried for injuries due to blunt assault, stabbing, and firearm injury...
March 22, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267639/evaluation-of-anti-inflammatory-effect-of-silver-coated-glass-beads-in-mice-with-experimentally-induced-colitis-as-a-new-type-of-treatment-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#8
Krzysztof Siczek, Hubert Zatorski, Anna Chmielowiec-Korzeniowska, Radzisław Kordek, Leszek Tymczyna, Jakub Fichna
BACKGROUND: Recent studies point at the anti-inflammatory action of silver through induction of apoptosis of inflammatory cells via oxidative stress, promotion of wound healing as well as antimicrobial effect. Our aim was to design a new formulation based on silver and validate its anti-inflammatory activity in the mouse models of colitis. METHODS: Silver-coated glass beads were prepared using a magnetron sputtering method and a standard magnetron sputtering gun equipped with pure silver target...
June 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264750/bilateral-nail-gun-traumatic-brain-injury-presents-as-intentional-overdose-a-case-report
#9
Judith Alain, Pascal Lavergne, Maude St-Onge, Myreille D'Astous, Stéphane Côté
This report describes a rare but life-threatening case of a suicide attempt initially considered as intentional overdose at the emergency department. Persistent altered mental status, despite normal toxicology investigations, led the attending team to order a head computed tomography scan, which revealed a bilateral penetrating nail gun injury with a right temporal hematoma for which a decompressive craniectomy was performed. Although voluntary intoxication is the most frequent form of suicide attempt, emergency physicians must be alert and maintain a broad differential diagnosis...
March 7, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263235/unusual-case-of-suicide-with-a-modified-trap-gun
#10
Amal Vadysinghe, Prasanna Dassanayake, Medhani Wickramasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Trap gun is an illegal, locally manufactured gun with a basic trip system used to hunt wild animals. CASE REPORT: The body of a 28-year-old man was found in the jungle in supine position with both legs apart. A trap gun was between the legs pointing toward the cranial side of the body. It had 2 free wires that were not connected together. There was no evidence of foul play.The body had a single-entry wound (2.5-cm diameter) in the anterior chest, with blackening, burning, and tattooing...
June 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247449/computational-approach-to-identify-different-injuries-by-firearms
#11
Sarah Teixeira Costa, Alexandre Rodrigues Freire, Rodrigo Ivo Matoso, Eduardo Daruge Júnior, Ana Cláudia Rossi, Felippe Bevilacqua Prado
Complications arise in the analysis of gunshot wounds to the maxillofacial region, when neither the projectile nor the gun is found at the crime scene. We simulated 5- and 15-cm firing distances at a human mandible to investigate the external morphology of entrance wounds based on fire range. The ammunition models, .40-caliber S&W, .380-caliber, and 9 × 19-mm Luger, were constructed with free-form NURBS surfaces. In a dynamic simulation, projectiles were fired against mandibular body 3D model at 5 and 15 cm...
March 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237760/differentiating-suicide-decedents-who-died-using-firearms-from-those-who-died-using-other-methods
#12
Michael D Anestis, Lauren R Khazem, Joye C Anestis
Studies have documented a link between gun ownership and suicide, but little is known about characteristics of those most likely to use a gun in a suicide attempt rather than alternative methods. We examined which factors differentiate suicide decedents who died using a gun from those who died by other methods. We further examined whether such findings are consistent within the subcomponent of our larger sample comprised entirely of gun owning suicide decedents. Data reflect 267 suicide decedents, with data provided by individuals who identified as having lost someone to suicide (loss survivors)...
June 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164044/accidental-bolt-gun-injury-to-femur-a-case-report
#13
Ravi Prasad Kattimani, Sanath Shetty, Humayun Mirza
INTRODUCTION: Bolt gun or slaughterer's guns are used in meat industry for "humane killing" of animals. Injuries caused by bolt gun are rare, reported exclusively from central European countries. We report a case of 28 year old male, who accidentally shot himself with a bolt gun to his right thigh. CASE REPORT: A 28 years old male presented to our Accident and Emergency department after accidental injury to his right thigh with bolt gun. He had an entry wound measuring 2 cm in length and 1 cm in breadth over anterior aspect of lower one third of thigh at lower and sustained Grade II compound fracture of right femur shaft at distal one third...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089298/gunshot-wound-trajectory-analysis-using-forensic-animation-to-establish-relative-positions-of-shooter-and-victim
#14
Aisling A Galligan, Craig Fries, Judy Melinek
Forensic pathologists who autopsy the victims of gun violence are often called upon to answer questions in both criminal and civil proceedings about the relative position of the shooter and the victim. In this case report of an officer-involved shooting incident, the statement of the police officer appeared to be in direct contradiction to the statements of other eyewitnesses, the evidence at the scene, and the final resting position of the decedent's body. Trajectory analysis of two gunshot wound pathways (only one of which was instantaneously incapacitating) was performed to assess the veracity of the officer's statement and forensic animation was used to create a court exhibit...
February 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081188/effect-of-varroa-destructor-wounding-and-varroa-homogenate-on-gene-expression-in-brood-and-adult-honey-bees
#15
Gun Koleoglu, Paul H Goodwin, Mariana Reyes-Quintana, Mollah Md Hamiduzzaman, Ernesto Guzman-Novoa
Honey bee (Apis mellifera) gene expression related to immunity for hymenoptaecin (AmHym) and defensin-1 (AmDef-1), longevity for vitellogenin (AmVit2) and stem cell proliferation for poly U binding factor 68 kDa (AmPuf68) was compared following Varroa destructor parasitism, buffer injection and injection of V. destructor compounds in its homogenate. In adults, V. destructor parasitism decreased expression of all four genes, while buffer injection decreased expression of AmHym, AmPuf68 and AmVit2, and homogenate injection decreased expression of AmPuf68 and AmVit2 but increased expression of AmDef-1 relative to their respective controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935236/ocular-traumas-in-working-age-adults-in-finland-helsinki-ocular-trauma-study
#16
Ahmad Sahraravand, Anna-Kaisa Haavisto, Juha M Holopainen, Tiina Leivo
PURPOSE: To describe epidemiology, causes, treatments and outcomes of ocular injuries in adults aged 17 to 60 in southern Finland. METHODS: All new ocular trauma patients admitted to the Helsinki University Eye Hospital (HUEH), during 1 year in 2011-2012. The data were from hospital records and prospectively from patient questionnaires. The follow-up time was 3 months. RESULTS: The incidence for ocular injury was 88/100 000/year. From 831 trauma patients, 80% were men, 34% were work-related injuries, and 11% were assaults...
December 9, 2016: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805995/rapid-thrombelastography-thresholds-for-goal-directed-resuscitation-of-patients-at-risk-for-massive-transfusion
#17
Peter M Einersen, Ernest E Moore, Michael P Chapman, Hunter B Moore, Eduardo Gonzalez, Christopher C Silliman, Anirban Banerjee, Angela Sauaia
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hemorrhage is a leading cause of mortality after trauma accounting for up to 40% of deaths. Massive transfusion protocols offer a proven benefit in resuscitation of these patients. Recently, the superiority of thrombelastography (TEG)-guided resuscitation over strategies guided by conventional clotting assays has been established. We seek to determine optimal thresholds for rapid (r)-TEG driven resuscitation. METHODS: The r-TEG data were reviewed for 190 patients presenting to our level 1 trauma center from 2010 to 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776550/euphorbia-humifusa-willd-exerts-inhibition-of-breast-cancer-cell-invasion-and-metastasis-through-inhibition-of-tnf%C3%AE-induced-mmp-9-expression
#18
Soon Young Shin, Chang Gun Kim, You Jung Jung, Yearam Jung, Hyeryoung Jung, Jihyun Im, Yoongho Lim, Young Han Lee
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is the most common type of malignancy in women worldwide. Euphorbia humifusa Willd (EuH) is a plant that is widely used as a traditional medicine. However, no systemic studies on the anti-cancer effects of EuH have been reported. The aim of this study is to evaluate the anti-metastatic effect of the EuH. METHODS: Ethyl acetate fraction was prepared from EuH methanol extracts (EA/EuH). Inhibitory effect of EA/EuH on cell migration was determined using an in vitro scratch-wound healing assay...
October 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761714/advantages-of-laparoscopic-compared-to-conventional-surgery-are-not-related-to-an-innate-immune-response-of-peritoneal-immune-activation-an-animal-study-in-rats
#19
Philipp Lingohr, Jonas Dohmen, Hanno Matthaei, Timo Schwandt, Kathy Stein, Gun-Soo Hong, Julia Steitz, Thomas Longerich, Edwin Bölke, Sven Wehner, Jörg C Kalff
PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery (LS) has proved superior compared to conventional surgery (CS) regarding morbidity, length of hospital stay, rate of wound infection and time until recovery. An improved preservation of the postoperative immune function is assumed to contribute to these benefits though the role of the local peritoneal immune response is still poorly understood. Our study investigates the peritoneal immune response subsequent to abdominal surgery and compares it between laparoscopic and conventional surgery to find an immunological explanation for the clinically proven benefits of LS...
October 19, 2016: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744527/bullet-fragmentation-preceding-a-contour-shot-case-study-and-experimental-simulation
#20
V Sterzik, B P Kneubuehl, M Bohnert, F Riva, M Glardon
In medico-legal literature, only a small number of publications deal with lethal injuries caused by shots with modified guns. This might lead to the conclusion that such cases are extremely rare. However, there are cases again and yet again. During the investigation process, the modified gun is of particular importance since it can show an unusual ballistic behaviour. The present paper reports on a suicide of a 60-year-old man, committed with a modified revolver and a lead bullet. The man had a single gunshot wound with entrance at the right temporal bone...
January 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
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