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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745263/school-based-and-community-based-gun-safety-educational-strategies-for-injury-prevention
#1
Cheryl Holly, Sallie Porter, Mary Kamienski, Aubrianne Lim
BACKGROUND: Nearly 1,300 children in the United States die because of firearm-related injury each year and another 5,790 survive gunshot wounds, making the prevention of firearm-related unintentional injury to children of vital importance to families, health professionals, and policy makers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on school-based and community-based gun safety programs for children aged 3 to 18 years. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706831/-vulnus-sclopetarium-gunshot-wound
#2
Clyde Partin
Fading from the vernacular, the Latin phrase vulnus sclopetarium is a quaint, mystifying, and fascinating term that is translated as gunshot wound . There is a fulminating paucity of published information regarding the meaning of this term and the etymology. Trauma surgeons, military surgeons, and scholars of the medical aspects of the civil war may be familiar with the term. Vulnus is easily deciphered from ancient Latin as wound , whereas the origin of sclopetarium proves more difficult to discern. No guns were present in ancient Rome because guns were not invented until around the 13th century; hence, no Latin word for them existed...
April 2018: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619789/inadvertent-thermal-injury-following-knee-arthroscopic-surgery-in-a-pediatric-patient
#3
Daegyu Kwon, Byung-Gun Kim, Chunwoo Yang, Jonghun Won, Yoonjung Kim
Inadvertent thermal injury can occur in pediatric patients under general anesthesia during knee arthroscopic surgery. Here, we report the case of a 10-year-old boy who underwent knee arthroscopic surgery under general anesthesia. After the surgery, he complained of pain in the left lower part of his chin and was diagnosed as having a thermal burn. At three-month follow-up, he recovered without any abnormalities except mild hypertrophy of the wound area. Although rare, arthroscopic surgery has the potential to cause thermal injury from the light source...
April 2018: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519986/a-study-on-shotgun-injuries-to-the-craniomaxillofacial-region-in-a-nigerian-tertiary-health-center
#4
E B Edetanlen, B D Saheeb
Context: Short-range shotgun wounds of the craniomaxillofacial region are life-threatening and are as devastating as military rifle wounds. Aims: This study aimed to evaluate the pattern of presentation of craniomaxillofacial shotgun injuries, types of shotgun injuries, and the outcome of treatments in our environment. Setting and Design: This is a prospective observational study. Materials and Methods: This is a prospective observational study conducted from February 2006 to March 2012...
March 2018: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511853/wounding-potential-of-4-4-mm-173-caliber-steel-ball-projectiles
#5
Thomas Kamphausen, Katharina Janßen, Sibylle Banaschak, Markus Alexander Rothschild
From time to time, severe or fatal injuries caused by small caliber air rifle projectiles are seen. In forensic sciences, the theoretical wounding potential of these weapons and projectiles is widely known. Usually, shots against the skull were reported and, in these cases, penetrating the eyes or thin bone layers of the temporal region. Amongst a huge number of different projectiles available for air guns, sub-caliber 4.4-mm (.173) caliber steel ball projectiles were used in an unusual suicide case. This case led to fundamental questions concerning wound ballistics...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478178/modified-finney-enteroplasty-a-bowel-sparing-damage-control-stapled-technique-for-penetrating-jejunal-and-ileal-injuries
#6
EDITORIAL
Eduardo Smith-Singares
The rise in gun violence and other penetrating trauma constitutes one of the main challenges in the modern practice of Acute Care Surgery. Expertise in the emergency management of this type of injuries is needed if one is to avoid preventable complications, such as short bowel syndrome. Revisiting and sometimes repurposing old surgical techniques may facilitate this task. The use of a modified Finney enteroplasty as a bowel sparing damage control technique for penetrating jejunal and ileal injuries was studied on 87 gunshot wound victims...
March 2018: Updates in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449118/shot-by-a-gun-%C3%A2-missed-by-a-provider
#7
Eddie Garcia, Abdul H Zaid, Diane P Calello, Lisa McHugh, Grant Arzumanov, Najaf Asrar, Ari Sapin, Kristin G Fless
BACKGROUND: Botulism is a paralytic disease caused by the neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum. The majority of cases are due to ingestion or injection drug use. Wound botulism from traumatic injury is exceedingly rare, with only one to two cases reported each year in the United States. CASE REPORT: A 27-year-old man presented to the Emergency Department with diplopia, dysphagia, and progressive weakness 10 days after sustaining a gunshot wound to his right lower leg...
April 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435718/varroa-destructor-parasitism-reduces-hemocyte-concentrations-and-prophenol-oxidase-gene-expression-in-bees-from-two-populations
#8
Gun Koleoglu, Paul H Goodwin, Mariana Reyes-Quintana, Mollah Md Hamiduzzaman, Ernesto Guzman-Novoa
Circulating hemocytes are responsible for defensive and healing mechanisms in the honey bee, Apis mellifera. Parasitism by the mite Varroa destructor and injection of V. destructor homogenate in buffer, but not buffer injection, showed similar reductions in total hemocyte concentrations in both Africanized and European adult honey bees. This indicated that compounds in V. destructor homogenate can have similar effects as V. destructor parasitism and that the response is not solely due to wounding. Samples from honey bees with different hemocyte concentrations were compared for the expression patterns of hemolectin (AmHml), prophenol oxidase (AmPpo), and class C scavenger receptor (AmSRC-C)...
April 2018: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401110/autopsy-case-of-a-penetrating-wound-to-the-left-cerebral-hemisphere-caused-by-an-accidental-shooting-with-a-crossbow
#9
Takeshi Kondo, Motonori Takahashi, Azumi Kuse, Mai Morichika, Kanako Nakagawa, Yoshihiro Tagawa, Tomoya Taniguchi, Yuji Taguchi, Tomohiro Fujiwara, Junpei Tsuchiya, Masahiko Nakamura, Makoto Sakurada, Migiwa Asano, Yasuhiro Ueno
A crossbow is a bow that shoots an arrow when a gun-like trigger is pulled. Deaths caused by accidental crossbow shootings are extremely rare. Here we describe an autopsy case of a penetrating wound to the left cerebral hemisphere caused by an accidental shooting with a crossbow. A man in his early 60s who lived with his wife and had used crossbows for 20 years as his hobby was found one early morning in the shed of his house, collapsed and bleeding from the head and neck. He was taken to a hospital and died after approximately 3 days of conservative treatment...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391177/usefulness-of-preoperative-ultrasound-for-the-evaluation-of-testicular-rupture-in-the-setting-of-scrotal-gunshot-wounds
#10
Ryan Powers, Stephen Hurley, Edward Park, Brian McArdle, Patricia Vidal, Sarah P Psutka, Courtney M P Hollowell
PURPOSE: A scrotal gunshot wound may result in testicular injury, necessitating urgent scrotal exploration and attempted testicular salvage. Scrotal ultrasound is highly sensitive and specific for testicular rupture in the setting of blunt scrotal trauma but it has been poorly studied in the setting of scrotal gunshot wounds. Our objective was to determine the accuracy of scrotal ultrasound to identify testicular rupture following a scrotal gunshot wound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with a scrotal gunshot wound from 2003 to 2014 in whom preoperative ultrasound was done prior to scrotal exploration...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385303/effects-of-excessive-fibrin-deposit-and-polylactide-adhesion-barrier-on-wound-healing-in-thyroidectomy-murine-wound-model
#11
Yun-Sung Lim, Hee-Bok Kim, Joo Hyun Park, Chang Gun Cho, Seok-Won Park, Jae Suk Lee, Eo Jin Kim, Seong Keun Kwon
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that excessive fibrin formation and inflammation induced by antiadhesive material, SurgiWrap (SW), would have an adverse effect on wound healing. It was evaluated by a thyroidectomy murine wound model. METHODS: Excessive fibrin formation was induced by isthmectomy without hemostasis. Rats were allocated into isthmectomy with SurgiWrap (I+SW+), I+SW-, I-SW+, I-SW-, and isthmectomy after electrocautery for hemostasis (I+C+SW-). The SWs were placed on the superficial and visceral layers for gross and microscopic evaluation...
January 31, 2018: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310377/fat-grafting-for-resurfacing-an-exposed-implant-in-lower-extremity-a-case-report
#12
Yun-Nan Lin, Chieh-Han Chuang, Shih-Hao Huang, Shu-Hung Huang, Tsai-Ming Lin, I-Wen Lin, Sin-Daw Lin, Yur-Ren Kuo
RATIONALE: Although numerous reconstruction protocols have been reported for lower leg trauma, those for distal leg trauma remain few. We present the case of a woman with an implant exposure wound, who was successfully treated through fat grafting, without major flap surgery. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 83-year-old woman with an exposed implant in lower extremity received reconstruction surgery once and the surgery failed. She refused additional major surgery and negative pressure wound therapy...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301501/inhibition-of-neddylation-facilitates-cell-migration-through-enhanced-phosphorylation-of-caveolin-1-in-pc3-and-u373mg-cells
#13
Sung Yeon Park, Jong-Wan Park, Gun-Woo Lee, Lan Li, Yang-Sook Chun
BACKGROUND: Protein neddylation is a post-translational modification by a covalent conjugation with the neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally downregulated 8 (NEDD8). Although this process has been reported to participate in diverse cellular signaling, little is known about its role in cancer cell migration. Given a recent proteomics report showing that NEDD8 is downregulated in prostate cancer tissues versus normal prostate tissues, we tested the possibility that neddylation plays a role in cancer evolution, and then tried to identify target proteins of the neddylation...
January 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285837/new-metformin-derivative-hl156a-prevents-oral-cancer-progression-by-inhibiting-the-insulin-like-growth-factor-akt-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-pathways
#14
Thuy Giang Lam, Yun Soo Jeong, Soo-A Kim, Sang-Gun Ahn
Metformin is a biguanide widely prescribed as an antidiabetic drug for type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. The purpose of the present study was to observe the effects of the new metformin derivative, HL156A, on human oral cancer cell and to investigate its possible mechanisms. It was observed that HL156A significantly decreased FaDu and YD-10B cell viability and colony formation in a dose-dependent way. HL156A also markedly reduced wound closure and migration of FaDu and YD-10B cells. We observed that HL156A decreased mitochondrial membrane potential and induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels and apoptotic cells with caspase-3 and -9 activation...
March 2018: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204726/psychopathology-and-associated-risk-factors-among-forcibly-displaced-syrian-children-and-adolescents
#15
Vahdet Gormez, Hale Nur Kılıç, A Cahid Orengul, Merve Nursoy Demir, Şeyma Demirlikan, Sibel Demirbaş, Betül Babacan, Kerem Kınık, Bengi Semerci
More than half of the 2.7 million registered Syrian refugees in Turkey are under 18 years of age. This study investigates prevalence of psychopathology and associated risk factors in refugee children in Turkey. Of a total of 218 children aged 9-15 years, 56.2% lost someone important to them, 55.1% saw dead or wounded people, 70.4% witnessed explosions or gun battles, 42.5% witnessed people being tortured and 25.6% personally experienced cruelty/torture during war. Prevalence of PTSD was 18.3% and that of anxiety-related disorders were as high as 69...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202658/ambroise-par%C3%A3-1510-1590-and-his-innovative-work-on-the-treatment-of-war-injuries
#16
Konstantinos Markatos, Anna Tzivra, Spyridon Tsoutsos, Gerasimos Tsourouflis, Marianna Karamanou, Georgios Androutsos
The purpose of this study is to summarize the innovations of Ambroise Paré (1510-1590) on the treatment of war wounds and improving amputation technique through ligature in arteries and veins. Ambroise Paré debunked the widely accepted idea that gun powder was poisonous for wounds. He also minimized the use of cautery of wounds by his dressing methods and the application of ligature during amputations. All these innovative rationales revolutionized the practice of war surgery during the Renaissance and paved the way for the introduction of modern surgery...
December 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202338/cranial-trauma-in-handgun-executions-experimental-data-using-polyurethane-proxies
#17
Seth C Taylor, Elena F Kranioti
Gun violence is a global phenomenon with regional variation in frequency and severity. Handguns are often used in violent deaths such as suicides and homicides. Hence, ballistic trauma is a critical subject of forensic investigations. Trauma patterns are fundamental evidence for the reconstruction of the incident and for the determination of the manner of death. This study investigated the differences in trauma patterns with a series of experiments using six different calibers (.22 LR, .38 Special, .380 ACP, 9×19mm, ...
January 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191407/occupational-outcomes-following-combat-related-gunshot-injury-cohort-study
#18
Matthew D Laughlin, Philip J Belmont, Paul J Lanier, Julia O Bader, Brian R Waterman, Andrew J Schoenfeld
BACKGROUND: The long-term impact of gun violence on physical function and occupational disability remains poorly explored. We sought to examine the effect of combat-related gunshot injury on work capacity within a cohort of military servicemembers and identify clinical characteristics that influence the capacity to return to work. METHODS: A query was performed to identify all servicemembers injured by gunshot in the years 2005-2009. These soldiers were then followed for a period up to the end of 2014 in order to identify those separated from service due to an inability to perform military duties as a result of their injury...
December 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078894/the-utility-of-presacral-drainage-in-penetrating-rectal-injuries-in-adult-and-pediatric-patients
#19
Kate B Savoie, Thomas M Beazley, Brent Cleveland, Sina Khaneki, Troy A Markel, Peter M Hammer, Stephanie Savage, Regan F Williams
BACKGROUND: With changing weaponry associated with injuries in civilian trauma, there is no clinical census on the utility of presacral drainage (PSD) in penetrating rectal injuries (PRIs), particularly in pediatric patients. METHODS: Patients with PRI from July 2004-June 2014 treated at two free-standing children's hospitals and two adult level 1 trauma centers were compared by age (pediatric patients ≤16 years) and PSD. A stratified analysis was performed based on age...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058106/line-of-fire-what-happened-at-the-wantabadgery-seige
#20
Roger W Byard, Adam Ford, Tony Raymond, Jeremy J Sofonia, Owen Kaluza, David G Barnes
A gunfight between police and a gang of men led by the self-styled "Captain Moonlite", a.k.a. George Scott, occurred on 16th November 1879 at a farmhouse near Wantabadgery Station in the colony of New South Wales. The skirmish resulted in the deaths of two bushrangers and one police officer. As a result, Captain Moonlite and Thomas Rogan were hung in Sydney's Darlinghurst Gaol on 20 January 1880 for the murder of Constable Edward Webb-Bowen. Culpability for firing the fatal shot, however, has remained a source of controversy...
March 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
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