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Subcuticular absorbable stapler

Angela Pineros-Fernandez, Lisa S Salopek, Pamela F Rodeheaver, George Rodeheaver
Wound infection is a threatening, troublesome, and costly complication contributing to increased mortality and morbidity. The methods and materials used to close a wound significantly influence the quality of the repair process and the risk of surgical site infection. Six pigs were used to evaluate the influence of four separate skin-closure modalities on the potentiation of infection in contaminated wounds. Full-thickness skin wounds on the abdomen were contaminated with S. aureus and then closed with one of four devices: a novel absorbable staple (InsorbTM) placed in the subcuticular tissue; a braided absorbable suture (VicrylTM); a monofilament absorbable suture (MonocrylTM); percutaneous metal staples...
2012: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
Richard F Edlich, K Gubler, Holly S Stevens, Anne G Wallis, Jamie J Clark, Jill J Dahlstrom, Samantha K Rhoads, William B Long
During the last four decades, there have been revolutionary advances in the development of skin staples as well as tissue adhesives. One of the purposes of this collective review is to provide an overview of recent advances in the development of metal and absorbable skin staples and tissue adhesives. In addition, we will provide technical considerations in the use of metal and absorbable skin staples and tissue adhesives during surgery. On the basis of extensive experimental studies, we would recommend the Autosuture™ Multifire Premium™ metal skin stapler...
2010: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
David A Fisher, Lowell L Bengero, Brenda C Clapp, Mary Burgess
Resorbable subcuticular staples are a new way to close surgical wounds and have not been reported in the orthopedic literature. This randomized, controlled study compared a resorbable subcuticular staple system with stainless steel wound stapling in patients undergoing unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Institutional Review Board approval and patient consent was obtained for all patients. Sixty patients (30 each group) were randomized to receive either resorbable subcuticular staples or stainless steel staples after primary THA...
September 2010: Orthopedics
Harley S Dresner, Peter A Hilger
OBJECTIVE: Incision closures should yield safe, effective healing with excellent cosmesis. Subcuticular absorbable staples may combine the advantages of subcuticular suturing with the efficiency of percutaneous stapling. This study compares absorbable subcuticular staples with percutaneous metal staples as a means of incision closure in facial rejuvenation surgery. METHODS: Sixteen patients undergoing endoscopic eyebrow-lift and/or rhytidectomy were studied. Each patient had 50% of their temporal and postauricular skin incisions closed with subcuticular staples oversewn with 5-0 plain gut and the remaining 50% closed with percutaneous metal staples...
September 2009: Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery
Angela Piñeros-Fernandez, Lisa S Salopek, Pamela F Rodeheaver, David B Drake, Richard F Edlich, George T Rodeheaver
Six pigs were used to evaluate the influence of three separate modalities on contaminated wounds. Full-thickness skin wounds on the abdomen were contaminated with 10(4) or 10(5) Staphylococcus aureus and then closed with one of three methods. The three closure modalities included (1) a new absorbable staple (Insorb) placed in the subcuticular tissue, (2) a braided Vicryl suture, and (3) percutaneous metal staples. Any foreign body material implanted in tissue increases the risk of infection at that site. Wound closure always involves the use of a foreign body...
2006: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
Richard F Edlich, Daniel G Becker, William B Long, Thomas M Masterson
The most frequently encountered neoplasm in the US is skin cancer. More than 600,000 new cases of malignant skin tumors are diagnosed in the US each year. One standard method of treatment of skin tumors is excisional biopsy. There are seven technical considerations involved in the excisional biopsy of skin tumors: (1) aseptic technique, (2) examination and demarcation of skin lesion, (3) skin biomechanical properties, (4) anesthesia, (5) excisional biopsy, (6) wound closure, and (7) postoperative care. The physician must use aseptic techniques and wear a cap, mask, and powder-free gloves...
2004: Journal of Long-term Effects of Medical Implants
G C Zachmann, P A Foresman, T J Bill, D J Bentrem, G T Rodeheaver, R F Edlich
The most recent advance in skin sampling is the Auto Suture SQS -20 disposable stapler. It approximates and everts wound edges, placing one synthetic absorbable pin in the dermis each time the instrument handle is activated. Staple wound closure was accomplished four times faster than sutural closure of the dermis. Wounds with staple pin closure exhibit superior resistance to infection than wounds approximated by dermal sutures. Although sutures provide more immediate wound security, as measured by wound breaking strength, than dermal pins, the breaking strength of wounds subjected to either dermal pins or dermal sutures were not significantly different 14 days after wounding...
1994: Journal of Applied Biomaterials: An Official Journal of the Society for Biomaterials
G D Angelini, E G Butchart, S H Armistead, I M Breckenridge
A prospective randomised study of four different methods of leg wound skin closure after removal of the long saphenous vein was carried out in 113 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. These methods were: (1) continuous nylon vertical mattress suture (27 patients); (2) continuous subcuticular absorbable (Dexon) suture (29 patients); (3) metal skin staples (Autosuture) (27 patients); and (4) adhesive sutureless skin closure ("Op-site") (30 patients). All wounds were examined by two independent observers at five, 10, and 45 days after operation...
December 1984: Thorax
M Clayer, R T Southwood
A prospective, randomized controlled study was performed to compare skin staplers for closure of skin following hip surgery. Patients were randomized to have their skin closed with either continuous subcuticular non-absorbable polypropylene 'prolene' suture (33 patients) or metal skin staples (Autosuture 'Premium' or Davis and Geck 'Oppose'; 33 patients). All patients received prophylactic cephalosporin (Cephalothin) in pre- and postoperative antibiotic therapy. The wounds were examined daily and the presence of discharge, wound dehiscence and infection were noted...
May 1991: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery
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