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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522175/pharmacological-inhibition-of-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-or-genetic-deletion-reduces-diclofenac-induced-gastric-ulcers
#1
Sumanta Kumar Goswami, Amelia Ann Rand, Debin Wan, Jun Yang, Bora Inceoglu, Melany Thomas, Christophe Morisseau, Guang-Yu Yang, Bruce D Hammock
AIMS: This research was conducted to evaluate the hypothesis that gastric ulcers caused by the NSAID diclofenac sodium (DCF) can be prevented by the soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor TPPU. MAIN METHODS: Mice were administered a single dose of 10, 30 or 100mg/kg of DCF. Once an ulcerative dose of DCF was chosen, mice were pretreated with TPPU for 7days at 0.1mg/kg to evaluate anti-ulcer effects of the sEH inhibitor on anatomy, histopathology, pH, inflammatory markers and epithelial apoptosis of stomachs...
May 15, 2017: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508993/14-15-eet-suppresses-neuronal-apoptosis-in-ischemia-reperfusion-through-the-mitochondrial-pathway
#2
Hui-Xia Geng, Rui-Ping Li, Ying-Ge Li, Xiao-Qing Wang, Li Zhang, Jin-Bo Deng, Lai Wang, Jie-Xin Deng
Neuronal apoptosis mediated by the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway is an important pathological process in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. 14,15-EET, an intermediate metabolite of arachidonic acid, can promote cell survival during ischemia/reperfusion. However, whether the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway is involved this survival mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we observed that infarct size in ischemia-reperfusion injury was reduced in sEH gene knockout mice. In addition, Caspase 3 activation, cytochrome C release and AIF nuclear translocation were also inhibited...
May 16, 2017: Neurochemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507434/enhanced-oral-bioavailability-of-valsartan-using-a-polymer-based-supersaturable-self-microemulsifying-drug-delivery-system
#3
Dong Woo Yeom, Bo Ram Chae, Ho Yong Son, Jin Han Kim, Jun Soo Chae, Seh Hyon Song, Dongho Oh, Young Wook Choi
A novel, supersaturable self-microemulsifying drug delivery system (S-SMEDDS) was successfully formulated to enhance the dissolution and oral absorption of valsartan (VST), a poorly water-soluble drug, while reducing the total quantity for administration. Poloxamer 407 is a selectable, supersaturating agent for VST-containing SMEDDS composed of 10% Capmul(®) MCM, 45% Tween(®) 20, and 45% Transcutol(®) P. The amounts of SMEDDS and Poloxamer 407 were chosen as formulation variables for a 3-level factorial design...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505605/thickness-and-optical-constants-calculation-for-chalcogenide-alkali-metal-se80te8-nacl-12-thin-film
#4
M I Abd-Elrahman, A A Abu-Sehly, Y M Bakier, M M Hafiz
Chalcogenide-alkali metal semiconducting thin films of four different thicknesses of Se80Te8(NaCl)12 are deposited from bulk by thermal evaporation technique. The crystallinity of the film improves with increasing of thickness as indicated by the recorded X-ray diffraction patterns. The transmission and reflection spectra are measured in the wavelength range of the incident photons from 250 to 2500nm. The thickness and optical constants of the films are calculated based on Swanepeol method using the interference patterns appeared in the transmission spectra...
May 9, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501602/soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-inhibitory-activity-of-components-from-leonurus-japonicus
#5
Hyun Hee Leem, Ga Young Lee, Ji Sun Lee, Hanna Lee, Jang Hoon Kim, Young Ho Kim
One new compound, 10-methoxy-leonurine (1), and four known compounds (2-5) were purified by silica gel, C-18, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography from Leonurus japonicus. Their structures were elucidated using one-dimensional (1D)/two-dimensional (2D)-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), high-resolution (HR)-electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry (MS). The compounds were evaluated to determine their inhibition of the catalysis of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). According to the results from in vitro analyses, compounds 1 and 2, which contain guanidine and flavonoid (3), were determined to be potential inhibitors of this enzyme...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491169/submucosal-esophageal-hematoma-precipitated-by-chronic-idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#6
Kanika Sharma, Yongdong Wang
Submucosal esophageal hematoma is an uncommon clinical entity. It can occur spontaneously or secondary to trauma, toxins, medical intervention, and in this case, coagulopathy. Management of SEH is supportive and aimed at its underlying cause. This article reports an 81-year-old male patient with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and hypertension that develops a submucosal esophageal hematoma.
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488585/eets-reduces-lps-induced-hyperpermeability-by-targeting-grp78-mediated-src-activation-and-subsequent-rho-rock-signaling-pathway
#7
Ruolan Dong, Danli Hu, Yan Yang, Zhihui Chen, Menglu Fu, Dao Wen Wang, Xizhen Xu, Ling Tu
Integrity of endothelial barrier is a determinant of the prognosis in the acute lung injury caused by sepsis. The epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), metabolites of arachidonic acid, exhibit protective effects in various pathogenic states, however, whether EETs play a role in endothelial barrier enhancement and the involved mechanisms remain to be investigated. Here, we show that increased EETs level by endothelial specific cytochrome P450 epoxygenase 2J2 over-expression and soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitor TPPU reduced lipopolysaccharide-induced endothelial hyper-permeability in vivo, accompanied by improved survival of septic mice...
April 21, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485854/podocyte-specific-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-deficiency-in-mice-attenuates-acute-kidney-injury
#8
Ahmed Bettaieb, Shinichiro Koike, Samah Chahed, Yi Zhao, Santana Bachaalany, Nader Hashoush, James Graham, Fatima Huma, Peter J Havel, Artiom Gruzdev, Darryl C Zeldin, Bruce D Hammock, Fawaz G Haj
Podocytes play an important role in maintaining glomerular function, and podocyte injury is a significant component in the pathogenesis of proteinuria. Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a cytosolic enzyme whose genetic deficiency and pharmacological inhibition have beneficial effects on renal function, but its role in podocytes remains unexplored. The objective of this study was to investigate the contribution of sEH in podocytes to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced kidney injury. We report increased sEH transcript and protein expression in murine podocytes upon LPS challenge...
May 9, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473204/inhibition-of-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-reduces-portal-pressure-by-protecting-mesenteric-artery-myogenic-responses-in-cirrhotic-rats
#9
Yijun Huang, Jun Qin, Dong Sun, Houli Jiang, Lei Zheng, Yue He, Liang Gui, Binbin Qian, Chihao Zhang, Meng Luo
Hyperdynamic circulation contributes to the progress of portal hypertension in liver cirrhosis. We investigated the effects of soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibition on portal pressure and the myogenic response of mesenteric arteries isolated from cirrhotic rats using the sEH inhibitor t-TUCB (trans-4-{4-[3-(4-trifluoromethoxyphenyl)-ureido] cyclohexyloxy} benzoic acid). Cirrhotic tissues had a higher ratio of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs) following increased CYP2C11 expression, which may be a protective response...
May 1, 2017: Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472063/occurrence-of-urea-based-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-inhibitors-from-the-plants-in-the-order-brassicales
#10
Seiya Kitamura, Christophe Morisseau, Todd R Harris, Bora Inceoglu, Bruce D Hammock
Recently, dibenzylurea-based potent soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors were identified in Pentadiplandra brazzeana, a plant in the order Brassicales. In an effort to generalize the concept, we hypothesized that plants that produce benzyl glucosinolates and corresponding isothiocyanates also produce these dibenzylurea derivatives. Our overall aim here was to examine the occurrence of urea derivatives in Brassicales, hoping to find biologically active urea derivatives from plants. First, plants in the order Brassicales were analyzed for the presence of 1, 3-dibenzylurea (compound 1), showing that three additional plants in the order Brassicales produce the urea derivatives...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460522/nanobody-based-immunoassay-for-human-soluble-epoxide-hydrolase-detection-using-polymeric-horseradish-peroxidase-polyhrp-for-signal-enhancement-the-rediscovery-of-polyhrp
#11
Dongyang Li, Yongliang Cui, Christophe Morisseau, Shirley J Gee, Candace S Bever, Xiangjiang Liu, Jian Wu, Bruce D Hammock, Yibin Ying
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) is a potential pharmacological target for treating hypertension, vascular inflammation, cancer, pain, and multiple cardiovascular related diseases. A variable domain of the heavy chain antibody (termed single domain antibody (sdAb), nanobody, or VHH) possesses the advantages of small size, high stability, ease of genetic manipulation, and ability for continuous manufacture, making such nanobody a superior choice as an immunoreagent. In this work, we developed an ultrasensitive nanobody based immunoassay for human sEH detection using polymeric horseradish peroxidase (PolyHRP) for signal enhancement...
May 10, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459725/temporary-decompression-of-symptomatic-epidural-hematoma-via-an-in-situ-epidural-catheter-a-case-report
#12
Rakesh V Sondekoppam, Douglas Quan, Sugantha Ganapathy
Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) following neuraxial anesthesia needs prompt recognition and early decompressive measures to prevent long-term neurologic injury. We report a case of SEH presenting on the second postoperative day during an ongoing epidural infusion. Aspiration of blood through the epidural catheter and a subsequent improvement in the neurological symptoms made us suspect SEH, which was further confirmed by an MRI study. We describe the timeline of the presentation of SEH and the subsequent clinical course in our patient...
April 28, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457548/molecular-characterization-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-staphylococcus-spp-isolated-from-cheese-processing-plants
#13
Marjory Xavier Rodrigues, Nathália Cristina Cirone Silva, Júlia Hellmeister Trevilin, Melina Mary Bravo Cruzado, Tsai Siu Mui, Fábio Rodrigo Sanches Duarte, Carmen J Contreras Castillo, Solange Guidolin Canniatti-Brazaca, Ernani Porto
The aim of this research paper was to characterize coagulase-positive and coagulase-negative staphylococci from raw milk, Minas cheese, and production lines of Minas cheese processing. One hundred isolates from 3 different cheese producers were characterized using molecular approaches, such as PCR, molecular typing, and DNA sequencing. Staphylococcus aureus (88% of the isolates) was the most abundant followed by Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus hyicus, and Staphylococcus warneri. Among the 22 enterotoxin genes tested, the most frequent was seh (62% of the isolates), followed by selx and ser...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454544/attenuation-of-acute-lung-injury-in-a-rat-model-by-semen-cassiae
#14
Xiuqing Chen, Xianming Zhang, Jie Zhang, Yang Gao, Zhaohui Yang, Shanshan Li, Haiwen Dai
BACKGROUND: Acute lung injury (ALI) is an inflammatory disorder. Semen Cassiae has potent anti-inflammatory activities. The aim of our study was to investigate whether Semen Cassiae plays a protective effect on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI and, if so, to elucidate its potential mechanism. METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawley rat lungs were injured by intratracheal instillation of LPS. Rats were treated with Semen Cassiae or vehicle 3 h after LPS challenge. Samples were harvested 24 h post-LPS administration...
April 28, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450284/eets-promote-hypoxic-pulmonary-vasoconstriction-via-constrictor-prostanoids
#15
Sharath Kandhi, Bin Zhang, Ghezal Froogh, Jun Qin, Norah Alruwali, Yicong Le, Yang-Ming Yang, Sung Hee Hwang, Bruce D Hammock, Michael S Wolin, An Huang, Dong Sun
To test the hypothesis that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) facilitate pulmonary responses to hypoxia, male wild type (WT) and soluble epoxide hydrolase knockout (sEH-KO) mice, and WT mice chronically fed a sEH inhibitor (t-TUCB; 1mg/kg/day) were used. Right ventricular systolic pressure (RVSP) was recorded under control and hypoxic conditions. The control RVSP was comparable among all groups. However, hypoxia elicited increases in RVSP in all groups with predominance in sEH-KO and t-TUCB-treated mice. 14,15-EEZE (EET antagonist) attenuated the hypoxia-induced greater elevation of RVSP in sEH-deficient mice, suggesting an EET-mediated increment...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446755/relationship-between-ion-migration-and-interfacial-degradation-of-ch3nh3pbi3-perovskite-solar-cells-under-thermal-conditions
#16
Seongtak Kim, Soohyun Bae, Sang-Won Lee, Kyungjin Cho, Kyung Dong Lee, Hyunho Kim, Sungeun Park, Guhan Kwon, Seh-Won Ahn, Heon-Min Lee, Yoonmook Kang, Hae-Seok Lee, Donghwan Kim
Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells (PSCs) have been extensively studied because of their outstanding performance: a power conversion efficiency exceeding 22% has been achieved. The most commonly used PSCs consist of CH3NH3PbI3 (MAPbI3) with a hole-selective contact, such as 2,2',7,7'-tetrakis(N,N-di-p-methoxyphenylamine)-9,9-spiro-bifluorene (spiro-OMeTAD), for collecting holes. From the perspective of long-term operation of solar cells, the cell performance and constituent layers (MAPbI3, spiro-OMeTAD, etc...
April 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440284/cyp2j2-and-its-metabolites-eets-attenuate-insulin-resistance-via-regulating-macrophage-polarization-in-adipose-tissue
#17
Meiyan Dai, Lujin Wu, Peihua Wang, Zheng Wen, Xizhen Xu, Dao Wen Wang
Macrophages in adipose tissue are associated with obesity-induced low-grade inflammation, which contributed to insulin resistance and the related metabolic diseases. Previous studies demonstrated the beneficial effects of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) on metabolic disorders and inflammation. Here we investigated the effects of CYP2J2-EETs-sEH metabolic pathway on insulin resistance in mice and the potential mechanisms. High fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity caused metabolic dysfunction with more weight gain, elevated glucose and lipids levels, impaired glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, while increase in EETs level by rAAV-mediated CYP2J2 overexpression, administration of sEH inhibit TUPS or EETs infusion significantly attenuated these metabolic disorders...
April 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435929/megacolon-as-an-atypical-presentation-of-cervical-myelopathy
#18
Jacob Y L Oh, Kevin J H Kwek, Seh-Wee Tee, Mark Tan
A 61-year-old gentleman was admitted with progressive symptoms of cervical myelopathy. An MRI performed showed severe compression from C3-6 with cord signal changes. He was offered surgical intervention but the operation had to be delayed because of worsening abdominal distension. X-rays performed showed a severely dilated colon measuring >12 cm. A CT did not show any obstructive cause. He was managed conservatively for more than 2 weeks but did not improve. As his symptoms continued to worsen, a decision was made to proceed with a C3-6 posterior decompression and fusion, despite the theoretical risk of bacterial translocation predisposing him to infection...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434738/relationships-among-superantigen-toxin-gene-profiles-genotypes-and-pathogenic-characteristics-of-staphylococcus-aureus-isolates-from-bovine-mastitis
#19
Dong Wang, Limei Zhang, Changfu Yong, Mingliang Shen, Tariq Ali, Muhammad Shahid, Kun Han, Xuezhang Zhou, Bo Han
Staphylococcus aureus is one of the major etiological agents of bovine mastitis, harboring a wide variety of staphylococcal superantigen (SAg) toxin genes. The SAg toxin genes are reported to be closely associated with the pathogenicity of the Staph. aureus causing the bovine mastitis. This study was conducted to investigate SAg toxin gene profiles and to assess the relationships among SAg toxin genes, genotypes of Staph. aureus, and their pathogenic properties. A total of 327 quarter milk samples were collected from bovine mastitis cases for isolation and identification of pathogens...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428366/in-vitro-metabolism-of-oprozomib-an-oral-proteasome-inhibitor-role-of-epoxide-hydrolases-and-cytochrome-p450s
#20
Zhican Wang, Ying Fang, Juli Teague, Hansen Wong, Christophe Morisseau, Bruce D Hammock, Dan A Rock, Zhengping Wang
Oprozomib is an oral proteasome inhibitor currently under investigation in patients with hematologic malignancies or solid tumors. Oprozomib elicits potent pharmacological actions by forming a covalent bond with the active site N-terminal threonine of the 20S proteasome. Oprozomib has a short half-life across preclinical species and in patients due to systemic clearance via metabolism. Potential for drug-drug interactions (DDIs) could alter the exposure of this potent therapeutic therefore a thorough investigation of pathways responsible for metabolism is required...
April 20, 2017: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
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