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Ultrasound guided optic nerve evaluation

John V Hegde, Tara A McCannel, Colin A McCannel, James Lamb, Pin-Chieh Wang, Darlene Veruttipong, Robert Almanzor, D Jeffrey Demanes, Mitchell Kamrava
PURPOSE: Managing juxtapapillary and circumpapillary choroidal melanoma with brachytherapy is challenging because of technical complications with accurate plaque placement and high radiation toxicity given tumor proximity to the optic nerve. We evaluated our center's experience using ultrasound-guided, Iodine (I)-125 notched plaque brachytherapy for treating choroidal melanoma contiguous with (juxtapapillary) and at least partially surrounding the optic disc (circumpapillary). METHODS: All cases of choroidal melanoma treated with I-125 notched plaque brachytherapy at our center from September 2003-December 2013 were retrospectively reviewed...
June 9, 2017: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
H Chen, X T Wang, X Ding, H M Zhang, H Zhao, Y G Chao, W He, D W Liu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) and volume status of patients after cardiac surgery. Methods: A total of consecutive 56 patients who were treated in Critical Care Unit in Peking Union Medical College Hospital after open heart surgery from January to August 2015 were screened in this study. Central venous pressure (CVP) and 72 h net fluid balance were monitored. ONSD and diameter of inferior vena cava (IVC) were measured by ultrasound. Results: A total of 44 patients were finally included in the study...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
Yahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati Salman, Erdem Cevik, Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-Bordomás, Mustafa Z Mahmoud, Abdelmoneim Sulieman, Abbas Ali, Alrayah Mustafa, Ihab Abdelrahman, Mustafa Bahar, Osama Ali, H Lester Kirchner, Gregor Prosen, Ajda Anzic, Paul Leeson, Maryam Bahreini, Fatemeh Rasooli, Houman Hosseinnejad, Gabriel Blecher, Robert Meek, Diana Egerton-Warburton, Edina Ćatić Ćuti, Stanko Belina, Tihomir Vančina, Idriz Kovačević, Nadan Rustemović, Ikwan Chang, Jin Hee Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Chi-Yung Cheng, Hsiu-Yung Pan, Chia-Te Kung, Ela Ćurčić, Ena Pritišanac, Ivo Planinc, Marijana Grgić Medić, Radovan Radonić, Abiola Fasina, Anthony J Dean, Nova L Panebianco, Patricia S Henwood, Oliviero Fochi, Moreno Favarato, Ezio Bonanomi, Ivan Tomić, Youngrock Ha, Hongchuen Toh, Elizabeth Harmon, Wilma Chan, Cameron Baston, Gail Morrison, Frances Shofer, Angela Hua, Sharon Kim, James Tsung, Isa Gunaydin, Zeynep Kekec, Mehmet Oguzhan Ay, Jinjoo Kim, Jinhyun Kim, Gyoosung Choi, Dowon Shim, Ji-Han Lee, Jana Ambrozic, Katja Prokselj, Miha Lucovnik, Gabrijela Brzan Simenc, Asta Mačiulienė, Almantas Maleckas, Algimantas Kriščiukaitis, Vytautas Mačiulis, Andrius Macas, Sharad Mohite, Zoltan Narancsik, Hugon Možina, Sara Nikolić, Jan Hansel, Rok Petrovčič, Una Mršić, Simon Orlob, Markus Lerchbaumer, Niklas Schönegger, Reinhard Kaufmann, Chun-I Pan, Chien-Hung Wu, Sarah Pasquale, Stephanie J Doniger, Sharon Yellin, Gerardo Chiricolo, Maja Potisek, Borut Drnovšek, Boštjan Leskovar, Kristine Robinson, Clara Kraft, Benjamin Moser, Stephen Davis, Shelley Layman, Yusef Sayeed, Joseph Minardi, Irmina Sefic Pasic, Amra Dzananovic, Anes Pasic, Sandra Vegar Zubovic, Ana Godan Hauptman, Ana Vujaklija Brajkovic, Jaksa Babel, Marina Peklic, Vedran Radonic, Luka Bielen, Peh Wee Ming, Nur Hafiza Yezid, Fatahul Laham Mohammed, Zainal Abidin Huda, Wan Nasarudin Wan Ismail, W Yus Haniff W Isa, Hashairi Fauzi, Praveena Seeva, Mohd Zulfakar Mazlan
A1 Point-of-care ultrasound examination of cervical spine in emergency departmentYahya Acar, Onur Tezel, Necati SalmanA2 A new technique in verifying the placement of a nasogastric tube: obtaining the longitudinal view of nasogastric tube in addition to transverse view with ultrasoundYahya Acar, Necati Salman, Onur Tezel, Erdem CevikA3 Pseudoaneurysm of the femoral artery after cannulation of a central venous line. Should we always use ultrasound in these procedures?Margarita Algaba-Montes, Alberto Oviedo-García, Mayra Patricio-BordomásA4 Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular subclavian vein catheterization...
September 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
Matthias Koopmann, Jill Shea, Eugene Kholmovski, Joshua de Bever, Emilee Minalga, Matthew Holbrook, Robb Merrill, J Rock Hadley, Theophilus Owan, Mohamed E Salama, Nassir F Marrouche, Allison Payne
BACKGROUND: Initial catheter-based renal sympathetic denervation (RSD) studies demonstrated promising results in showing a significant reduction of blood pressure, while recent data were less successful. As an alternative approach, the objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of using magnetic resonance-guided high-intensity focused ultrasound (MRgHIFU) to perform RSD in a porcine model. METHODS: An intravascular fiber optic temperature probe was used to confirm energy delivery during MRgHIFU...
2016: Journal of Therapeutic Ultrasound
Andina Hu, Xiaoqing Pei, Xiaoyan Ding, Jiaqing Li, Yonghao Li, Fang Liu, Zijing Li, Zongyi Zhan, Lin Lu
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to classify combined persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) on the basis of the ultrasonographic and Doppler characteristics. The potential clinical significance for both surgery design and prognosis determination was discussed. DESIGN: A cross-sectional case series. PARTICIPANTS: The eyes of 54 children diagnosed with unilateral combined PFV were evaluated using B-mode ultrasound and color Doppler imaging (CDI)...
January 2016: Ophthalmology
Michael S Cartwright, Janae E Dupuis, Jessica M Bargoil, Dana C Foster
Mild traumatic brain injury, often referred to as concussion, is a common, potentially debilitating, and costly condition. One of the main challenges in diagnosing and managing concussion is that there is not currently an objective test to determine the presence of a concussion and to guide return-to-play decisions for athletes. Traditional neuroimaging tests, such as brain magnetic resonance imaging, are normal in concussion, and therefore diagnosis and management are guided by reported symptoms. Some athletes will under-report symptoms to accelerate their return-to-play and others will over-report symptoms out of fear of further injury or misinterpretation of underlying conditions, such as migraine headache...
September 2015: Medical Hypotheses
S B Carter, M Pistilli, K G Livingston, D R Gold, N J Volpe, K S Shindler, G T Liu, M A Tamhankar
PURPOSE: To determine the sensitivity and specificity of orbital ultrasonography in distinguishing papilledema from pseudopapilledema in adult patients. METHODS: The records of all adult patients referred to the neuro-ophthalmology service who underwent orbital ultrasonography for the evaluation of suspected papilledema were reviewed. The details of history, ophthalmologic examination, and results of ancillary testing including orbital ultrasonography, MRI, and lumbar puncture were recorded...
December 2014: Eye
Nathan McDannold, Yong-Zhi Zhang, Chanikarn Power, Ferenc Jolesz, Natalia Vykhodtseva
OBJECT: Tumors at the skull base are challenging for both resection and radiosurgery given the presence of critical adjacent structures, such as cranial nerves, blood vessels, and brainstem. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided thermal ablation via laser or other methods has been evaluated as a minimally invasive alternative to these techniques in the brain. Focused ultrasound (FUS) offers a noninvasive method of thermal ablation; however, skull heating limits currently available technology to ablation at regions distant from the skull bone...
November 2013: Journal of Neurosurgery
Roberto Valcavi, Simonetta Piana, Giorgio Stecconi Bortolan, Roberta Lai, Verter Barbieri, Roberto Negro
BACKGROUND: Ultrasound-guided thermal laser ablation (LA) is a nonsurgical technique that has been proposed, but not fully assessed, for papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) treatment. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the clinical feasibility of LA on PTMC as a primary treatment and to prove histologically the absence of residual viable tumor after LA procedure. METHODS: Three patients with a Thy 6 diagnosis at fine-needle aspiration cytology with a single PTMC smaller than 10 mm volunteered after full explanation of the protocol...
December 2013: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the MAS evidence review was to conduct a systematic review of the available evidence on the safety, effectiveness, durability and cost-effectiveness of endovascular laser therapy (ELT) for the treatment of primary symptomatic varicose veins (VV). BACKGROUND: The Ontario Health Technology Advisory Committee (OHTAC) met on November 27, 2009 to review the safety, effectiveness, durability and cost-effectiveness of ELT for the treatment of primary VV based on an evidence-based review by the Medical Advisory Secretariat (MAS)...
2010: Ontario Health Technology Assessment Series
Hasan Qayyum, Shammi Ramlakhan
OBJECTIVE: To determine if ultrasound guided measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter accurately predicted elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) as demonstrated by cranial computed tomography (CT) in at-risk emergency department patients. METHODS: Optic nerve sheath diameters were measured on a convenience sample of adult patients presenting with suspected elevated ICP to the emergency department of a large teaching hospital over a 6-month period. A cut off for optic nerve sheath diameter of 5 mm was considered positive for elevated ICP...
April 2013: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
Jochen Bäuerle, Elke R Gizewski, Kerstin von Stockhausen, Bernhard Rosengarten, Martin Berghoff, Astrid E Grams, Manfred Kaps, Max Nedelmann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential of the ultrasound-based evaluation of the optic nerve sheath in a patient with spontaneous intracranial hypotension due to cervical cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. METHODS: Repeated measurements of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) using B-mode sonography were performed before treatment initiation, during medical treatment, and during a course of repeated placement of epidural blood patches. RESULTS: On admission, transorbital sonography revealed a decreased ONSD of 4...
April 2013: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
Ram Moorthy, Alistair Balfour, Jean-Pierre Jeannon, Ricard Simo
The association between a pre-operative recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) palsy and thyroid disease is usually suggestive of locally advanced malignant thyroid disease by invasion of the nerve. However, the risk of benign thyroid disease causing paralysis to the nerve is extremely rare and has been scarcely reported. The aims of this paper are to analyse the experience of patients presenting with RLN palsy and benign multinodular goitre (MNG), evaluate the mechanisms of pathogenesis and determine if thyroid surgery may be of benefit for these patients...
March 2012: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Julie A Quinlivan, Lyn D Beazley, Michael Archer, Sharon F Evans, John P Newnham, Sarah A Dunlop
INTRODUCTION: A single course of corticosteroid reduces intracranial hemorrhage in preterm infants. The mechanism of protection is unclear. Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), expressed by astrocytes, is regulated by glucosteroids and is an important component of the cells forming the blood brain barrier. We have evaluated the effect of prenatal corticosteroid upon ovine GFAP. METHODS: Date-mated ewes were studied in two protocols and lambs delivered on day 125 or 145 (term = 150)...
2002: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
J A Quinlivan, L D Beazley, C R Braekevelt, S F Evans, J P Newnham, S A Dunlop
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies in sheep have shown that repeated maternal injections of betamethasone are associated with adverse effects within the nervous system. Repeated fetal injections of betamethasone achieve serial improvements in preterm lung function in sheep and are a possible alternative to repeated maternal therapy. We have evaluated the effect of repeated fetal administration of betamethasone on nervous system maturation in an ovine model. METHODS: Date-mated ewes (n = 48) were randomized to receive ultrasound-guided fetal injections of betamethasone or saline between days 104 to 124 of gestation and were delivered by cesarean section on day 125 or 145 (term = 150)...
2001: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
P S Juang, P Rosen
The purpose of this article is to provide a guide to assist the Emergency Physician in examining the eye. The evaluation of a patient with eye problems consists of a history, visual acuity, pupil examination, external examination, extra ocular movements, visual fields, and color vision. The patient is then examined at the slit lamp. After the slit lamp examination, the fundus and optic nerve is examined with a direct ophthalmoscope and intraocular pressure is measured. Special tests such as a plain film study and computed tomography (CT) scan may be obtained when indicated and, finally, referral to an ophthalmologist can be made for a dilated fundus examination, ultrasound studies of the eye and orbit, and surgical treatment...
November 1997: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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