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planned re-laparotomy

Yehuda Hershkovitz, Itamar Ashkenazi, Zahar Shapira, Oded Zmora, Igor Jeroukhimov
BACKGROUND: Damage control laparotomy (DCL) is the widely accepted procedure of choice in management of severely injured trauma patient. It has been implemented in non-trauma-related surgical pathology in the last decade. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate our experience with planned re-laparotomy (PRL) in non-trauma patients and compare it to other reports. METHODS: Charts of all patients admitted to Assaf Harofeh Medical Center who underwent PRL for non-trauma-related abdominal pathology during a 6 year period were reviewed...
May 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
Tao Ma, Xueli Bai, Wen Chen, Guogang Li, Mengyi Lao, Tingbo Liang
PURPOSE: Optimal surgical strategy for grade-C postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is not justified. External wirsungostomy is feasible. However, the subsequent repeat pancreaticojejunostomy (PJ) is challenging. This study aims to introduce our experience of external wirsungostomy for grade-C POPF and a novel technique to do the repeat PJ (re-PJ). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2016, all consecutive patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with PJ were identified...
April 2018: International Journal of Surgery
Zehra Nihal Dolgun, Cihan Inan, N Cenk Sayin
OBJECTIVE: Pregnancies complicated with PHT are serious debates for obstetricians due to high maternal and fetal complication potentials. The aim of the study was to present our maternofetal outcomes in pregnant women with pulmonary hypertension. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed using data extracted from the medical files of 23 pregnancies of 18 patients with PHT who were followed-up in the obstetrics and gynecology department. RESULTS: The average age was 27...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Federico Coccolini, Derek Roberts, Luca Ansaloni, Rao Ivatury, Emiliano Gamberini, Yoram Kluger, Ernest E Moore, Raul Coimbra, Andrew W Kirkpatrick, Bruno M Pereira, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fikri M Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Ari Leppaniemi, Matti Tolonen, Joseph Galante, Tarek Razek, Ron Maier, Miklosh Bala, Boris Sakakushev, Vladimir Khokha, Manu Malbrain, Vanni Agnoletti, Andrew Peitzman, Zaza Demetrashvili, Michael Sugrue, Salomone Di Saverio, Ingo Martzi, Kjetil Soreide, Walter Biffl, Paula Ferrada, Neil Parry, Philippe Montravers, Rita Maria Melotti, Francesco Salvetti, Tino M Valetti, Thomas Scalea, Osvaldo Chiara, Stefania Cimbanassi, Jeffry L Kashuk, Martha Larrea, Juan Alberto Martinez Hernandez, Heng-Fu Lin, Mircea Chirica, Catherine Arvieux, Camilla Bing, Tal Horer, Belinda De Simone, Peter Masiakos, Viktor Reva, Nicola DeAngelis, Kaoru Kike, Zsolt J Balogh, Paola Fugazzola, Matteo Tomasoni, Rifat Latifi, Noel Naidoo, Dieter Weber, Lauri Handolin, Kenji Inaba, Andreas Hecker, Yuan Kuo-Ching, Carlos A Ordoñez, Sandro Rizoli, Carlos Augusto Gomes, Marc De Moya, Imtiaz Wani, Alain Chichom Mefire, Ken Boffard, Lena Napolitano, Fausto Catena
Damage control resuscitation may lead to postoperative intra-abdominal hypertension or abdominal compartment syndrome. These conditions may result in a vicious, self-perpetuating cycle leading to severe physiologic derangements and multiorgan failure unless interrupted by abdominal (surgical or other) decompression. Further, in some clinical situations, the abdomen cannot be closed due to the visceral edema, the inability to control the compelling source of infection or the necessity to re-explore (as a "planned second-look" laparotomy) or complete previously initiated damage control procedures or in cases of abdominal wall disruption...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Margaret M Monette, Rodney T Harney, Melanie S Morris, Daniel I Chu
INTRODUCTION: One of the most common late complications following stoma construction is prolapse. Although the majority of prolapse can be managed conservatively, surgical revision is required with incarceration/strangulation and in certain cases laparotomy and/or stoma reversal are not appropriate. This report will inform surgeons on safe and effective approaches to revising prolapsed stomas using local techniques. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 58 year old female with an obstructing rectal cancer previously received a diverting transverse loop colostomy...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
E J Voiglio, V Dubuisson, D Massalou, Y Baudoin, J L Caillot, C Létoublon, C Arvieux
The goal of abbreviated laparotomy is to treat severely injured patients whose condition requires an immediate surgical operation but for whom a prolonged procedure would worsen physiological impairment and metabolic failure. Indeed, in severely injured patients, blood loss and tissue injuries enhance the onset of the "bloody vicious circle", triggered by the triad of acidosis-hypothermia-coagulopathy. Abbreviated laparotomy is a surgical strategy that forgoes the completeness of operation in favor of a physiological approach, the overriding preference going to rapidity and limiting the procedure to control the injuries...
August 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Oktay Karakose, Mehmet Fatih Benzin, Huseyin Pülat, Mehmet Zafer Sabuncuoglu, Huseyin Eken, Ismail Zihni, Ibrahim Barut
BACKGROUND Planned re-laparotomies are a series of surgical interventions that are rarely used and have a high mortality rate. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting mortality and the effectiveness of the use of the Bogota bag for temporary closure of the abdomen in patients for whom re-laparotomy was planned. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective examination was made of data of patients in whom a Bogota bag was used in planned re-laparotomies for various reasons in the General Surgery Department of Suleyman Demirel University Medical Faculty between June 2008 and April 2014...
August 17, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Ognyan Georgiev Milev, Plamen Cekov Nikolov
BACKGROUND: Tension pneumoperitoneum is a rare surgical emergency in which free intraperitoneal gas accumulates under pressure. The known sources of free gas are perforated hollow viscera. We believe this is the first published case of a tension non-perforation pneumoperitoneum secondary to anaerobic gas production. This occurred in a background of primary non-aerobic bacterial peritonitis, which developed in an immunocompetent adult man. CASE PRESENTATION: A previously healthy 45-year-old Bulgarian man presented with a 3-week history of abdominal pain...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Savino Occhionorelli, Alessandra La Manna, Rocco Stano, Lucia Morganti, Giorgio Vasquez
AIM: To describe an acute portomesenteric venous thrombosis, with massive small bowel infarction, which is managed with small bowel resection, primary anastomosis, and open abdomen management (OAM). CASE REPORT: A 76-year-old male patient was admitted to the surgical ward, complaining spread abdominal pain. Contrast Enhanced Computed Tomography (CECT) diagnosed massive bowel ischemia, caused by portomesenteric thrombosis. He had negative coagulation tests for thrombophilia, while he presented concomitant risk factors (cancer, previous venous thrombosis, obesity)...
May 23, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
L Kobayashi, R Coimbra
Planned re-laparotomy or damage control laparotomy (DCL), first described by Dr. Harlan Stone in 1983, has become a widely utilized technique in a broad range of patients and operative situations. Studies have validated the use of DCL by demonstrating decreased mortality and morbidity in trauma, general surgery and abdominal vascular catastrophes. Indications for planned re-laparotomy include severe physiologic derangements, coagulopathy, concern for bowel ischemia, and abdominal compartment syndrome. The immunology of DCL patients is not well described in humans, but promising animal studies suggest a benefit from the open abdomen (OA) and several human trials on this subject are currently underway...
April 2014: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Sebahattin Celik, Kristina I Ringe, Cristian E Boru, Victor Constantinica, Hüseyin Bektas
An association of pancreatic cancer and median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS) is a rare and challenging situation in terms of treatment. A 60-year-old man diagnosed with pancreatic cancer underwent laparotomy. A pancreaticoduodenectomy was planned, but during the resection part of the operation, a celiac artery stenosis was noticed. The patient was diagnosed with MALS causing almost total celiac artery occlusion, with no radiological solution. The patient was re-operated the next day, and an iliac artery allograft was used for aorta-proper hepatic artery reconstruction, concomitant with the total pancreaticoduodenectomy...
2015: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Krstina Doklestić, Branislav Stefanović, Pavle Gregorić, Nenad Ivančević, Zlatibor Lončar, Bojan Jovanović, Vesna Bumbaširević, Vasilije Jeremić, Sanja Tomanović Vujadinović, Branislava Stefanović, Nataša Milić, Aleksandar Karamarković
BACKGROUND: Severe liver injury in trauma patients still accounts for significant morbidity and mortality. Operative techniques in liver trauma are some of the most challenging. They include the broad and complex area, from damage control to liver resection. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This is a retrospective study of 121 trauma patients with hepatic trauma American Association for Surgery of Trauma (AAST) grade III-V who have undergone surgery. Indications for surgery include refractory hypotension not responding to resuscitation due to uncontrolled hemorrhage from liver trauma; massive hemoperitonem on Focused assessment by ultrasound for trauma (FAST) and/or Diagnostic peritoneal lavage (DPL) as well as Multislice Computed Tomography (MSCT) findings of the severe liver injury and major vascular injuries with active bleeding...
2015: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Sohel Samad, Chukwuemeka Anele, Mansoor Akhtar, Samer Doughan
Optimal management of patients with an entercocutaneous fistula (ECF) requires utilization of the sepsis, nutrition, anatomy, and surgical procedure (SNAP) protocol. The protocol includes early detection and treatment of sepsis, optimizing patient nutrition through oral and parenteral routes, identifying the fistula anatomy, optimal fistula management, and proceeding to corrective surgery when appropriate. The protocol requires multidisciplinary team (MDT) coordination among surgeons, nurses, dietitians, stoma nurses, and physiotherapists...
June 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
Lane L Frasier, Glen Leverson, Ankush Gosain, Jacob Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Intestinal malrotation results from errors in fetal intestinal rotation and fixation. While most patients are diagnosed in childhood, some present as adults. Laparoscopic Ladd's procedure is an accepted alternative to laparotomy in children but has not been well-studied in adults. This study was designed to investigate outcomes for adults undergoing laparoscopic Ladd's repair for malrotation. METHODS: We performed a single-institution retrospective chart review over 11 years...
June 2015: Surgical Endoscopy
Y Yildirim, I E Ertas, U Nayki, P Ulug, C Nayki, I Yilmaz, E Gultekin, A Dogan, A Aykas, S Ulug, A Ozdemir, U Solmaz
OBJECTIVE: To assess the authors' experiences in en bloc pelvic resection with concomitant rectosigmoid colectomy and primary anastomosis as a part of primary cytoreductive surgery for patients with advanced ovarian cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Atotal of 22 patients with FIGO Stage IIB-IV epithelial ovarian cancer who underwent en bloc pelvic resection with anastomosis were retrospectively reviewed. Data analyses were carried out using SPSS 10.0 and descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and Log Rank (Mantel-Cox) test were used for statistical estimations...
2014: European Journal of Gynaecological Oncology
Mark Elliott, Jennifer Martin, Fred Mullan
Intussusception is a rare cause of obstruction in adults and has a variable, non-specific presentation. Adult intussusception is usually associated with an underlying organic pathology, such as a benign or malignant tumour which acts as the lead point. Prolapse of the lead-point mass through the anal canal is an extremely rare presentation with very few reported cases in the literature. We describe a case of a 67-year-old man who presented with rectal prolapse of a large soft tissue mass. CT of the abdomen and barium enema revealed partial intussusception of an upper sigmoid lipomatous polyp...
2014: BMJ Case Reports
Nighat Sultana, Sobia Mohyuddin, Tahira Jabbar
BACKGROUND: Morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) with its variants is one of the most feared complications causing high morbidity and mortality in obstetrics. The objective of this study was to analyse different management options and maternal outcome in diagnosed cases of morbidly adherent placenta. METHODS: Descriptive case series was carried out in Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi and one private hospital from Jan 2008 to Dec 2010...
April 2011: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
D G Watt, O Shapter, D Mittapalli, W G Murray
Hormone replacement therapy increases risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) mainly in the extremities and lungs. There are reports of mesenteric ischemia secondary to oral contraceptive pills but no reports on hormone replacement therapy and mesenteric thrombosis. The authors present a case of a 44-year-old obese (BMI 32) woman, on long-term hormone replacement therapy, presented with thrombosis of portal, splenic and superior mesenteric veins. She underwent surgical resection of ischemic bowel and planned re-look laparotomies with further resections and jejuno-ileal anastomosis at final laparotomy...
November 2013: Scottish Medical Journal
Derek J Roberts, Craig N Jenne, Chad G Ball, Corina Tiruta, Caroline Léger, Zhengwen Xiao, Peter D Faris, Paul B McBeth, Christopher J Doig, Christine R Skinner, Stacy G Ruddell, Paul Kubes, Andrew W Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Damage control laparotomy, or abbreviated initial laparotomy followed by temporary abdominal closure (TAC), intensive care unit resuscitation, and planned re-laparotomy, is frequently used to manage intra-abdominal bleeding and contamination among critically ill or injured adults. Animal data suggest that TAC techniques that employ negative pressure to the peritoneal cavity may reduce the systemic inflammatory response and associated organ injury. The primary objective of this study is to determine if use of a TAC dressing that affords active negative pressure peritoneal therapy, the ABThera Open Abdomen Negative Pressure Therapy System, reduces the extent of the systemic inflammatory response after damage control laparotomy for intra-abdominal sepsis or injury as compared to a commonly used TAC method that provides potentially less efficient peritoneal negative pressure, the Barker's vacuum pack...
May 16, 2013: Trials
William Zuccon, Roberto Paternollo, Luca Del Re, Andrea Cordovana, Giovanni De Murtas, Giacomo Gaverini, Giulia Baffa, Claudio Lunghi
AIM: The authors analyse clinical cases of penetrating thoracic, abdominal, perineal and anorectal injury and describe the traumatic event and type of lesion, the principles of surgical treatment, the complication rate and follow up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the last 24 months, we analyzed 10 consecutive cases of penetrating thoracic and abdominal wounds [stab wound (n=7), with evisceration (n=4), gunshot wound (n=1)], and penetrating perineal and anorectal wounds (impalement n=4)...
January 2013: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
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