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Exercise Rehab

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771425/short-term-preoperative-high-intensity-interval-training-in-patients-awaiting-lung-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics, John Diaper, Isabelle Frésard, Frédéric Triponez, Christoph Ellenberger, Raoul Schorer, Bengt Kayser, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux
BACKGROUND: Impairment in aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for postoperative complications. In this randomized controlled trial, we hypothesized that a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program enhances cardiorespiratory fitness before lung cancer surgery and therefore reduces the risk of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC, N=77) or preoperative rehabilitation based on HIIT (Rehab, N=74)...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756859/a-specifically-designed-aquatic-exercise-protocol-to-reduce-chronic-lower-limb-edema
#2
Sergio Gianesini, Mirko Tessari, Primo Bacciglieri, Anna Maria Malagoni, Erica Menegatti, Savino Occhionorelli, Nino Basaglia, Paolo Zamboni
OBJECTIVE: Despite the fact that muscle pump activation is known to positively impact chronic lower limb edema, objective measurements of standardized exercises for venous-lymphatic rehab are lacking. The aim of this investigation is to determine the effectiveness of an addressed physical activity exploiting the advantages of an aquatic environment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-two lower limbs of 16 patients affected by bilateral chronic leg swelling were included (12 females, 4 males)...
October 18, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746037/-sexuality-of-patients-with-neurological-disability-perception-of-healthcare-professionals-of-a-neurologic-rehabilitation-hospital-unit
#3
F Babany, S Hamdoun, P Denys, G Amarenco
: Sexual disorders are common after neurological diseases. The reconstruction of sexuality is a major issue after neurologic disability. Why is this topic not covered in rehabilitation medicine except specialized service? The aim of this pilot study was to assess the perception of the healthcare professionals (HCPs) and to understand why this topic was not addressed. We conducted a pilot, observational, monocentric study from February to March 2016 in HCPs from a neurologic rehabilitation hospital unit...
December 2016: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601892/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-telephone-mentoring-with-home-based-walking-preceding-rehabilitation-in-copd
#4
Helen Laura Cameron-Tucker, Richard Wood-Baker, Lyn Joseph, Julia A Walters, Natalie Schüz, E Haydn Walters
PURPOSE: With the limited reach of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and low levels of daily physical activity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a need exists to increase daily exercise. This study evaluated telephone health-mentoring targeting home-based walking (tele-rehab) compared to usual waiting time (usual care) followed by group PR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: People with COPD were randomized to tele-rehab (intervention) or usual care (controls). Tele-rehab delivered by trained nurse health-mentors supported participants' home-based walking over 8-12 weeks...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596569/smartphone-based-early-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes-smart-rehab-trial-a-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#5
Matias B Yudi, David J Clark, David Tsang, Michael Jelinek, Katie Kalten, Subodh Joshi, Khoa Phan, Arthur Nasis, John Amerena, Sandeep Arunothayaraj, Chris Reid, Omar Farouque
BACKGROUND: There are well-documented treatment gaps in secondary prevention of coronary heart disease and no clear guidelines to assist early physical activity after acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Smartphone technology may provide an innovative platform to close these gaps. This paper describes the study design of a randomized controlled trial assessing whether a smartphone-based secondary prevention program can facilitate early physical activity and improve cardiovascular health in patients with ACS...
September 5, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579800/how-do-leg-press-exercises-comply-with-limited-weight-bearing
#6
Linda Wild, Hans-Dieter Carl, Tobias Golditz, Bernd Swoboda, Thilo Hotfiel
OBJECTIVES: To investigate foot loadings in different leg press settings with respect to a possible graduation of weight bearing (WB). DESIGN: Case series. SETTINGS: Assessing plantar force values by means of dynamic pedobarography taken place in orthopaedic departments' rehab center. PARTICIPANTS: 15 healthy students (9 men and 6 women, age 23 ± 2, weight 75 ± 6 kg) were recruited as participants from the medical faculty...
May 10, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578961/sefre-semiexoskeleton-rehabilitation-system
#7
Winai Chonnaparamutt, Witsarut Supsi
SEFRE (Shoulder-Elbow-Forearm Robotics Economic) rehabilitation system is presented in this paper. SEFRE Rehab System is composed of a robotic manipulator and an exoskeleton, so-called Forearm Supportive Mechanism (FSM). The controller of the system is developed as the Master PC consisting of five modules, that is, Intelligent Control (IC), Patient Communication (PC), Training with Game (TG), Progress Monitoring (PM), and Patient Supervision (PS). These modules support a patient to exercise with SEFRE in six modes, that is, Passive, Passive Stretching, Passive Guiding, Initiating Active, Active Assisted, and Active Resisted...
2016: Applied Bionics and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451589/respiratory-rehabilitation-in-healing-depression-and-anxiety-in-copd-patients
#8
Maria-Mădălina Bodescu, Adina Magdalena Turcanu, Maria-Cristina Gavrilescu, T Mihăescu
UNLABELLED: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an inflammatory affection of the whole lung, characterized by an accelerated loss of the pulmonary functions, that reduces the patients' independence and stops them from having a normal, active life. The medical rehabilitation is considered "Third class rehabilitation", after preventive medicine and pharmaceutical medicine, and the respiratory rehabilitation recovery represents a complex structure of service addressing to patients with chronic pulmonary illnesses whose aim is to optimize the physical performances, psycho-social and autonomy...
October 2015: Pneumologia: Revista Societății Române de Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27274396/the-effectiveness-of-physiotherapy-treatment-on-balance-dysfunction-and-postural-instability-in-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Asmare Yitayeh, Amare Teshome
BACKGROUND: Balance dysfunction and postural instability in Parkinson's disease are among the most relevant determinants of an impaired quality of life. Physiotherapy interventions are essential to reduce the level of disability by treating balance dysfunction and postural instability. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to test the effectiveness of conventional physiotherapy interventions in the management of balance dysfunction and postural instability in Persons with idiopathic Parkinson's disease...
2016: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986120/what-do-stroke-patients-look-for-in-game-based-rehabilitation-a-survey-study
#10
Ya-Xuan Hung, Pei-Chen Huang, Kuan-Ta Chen, Woei-Chyn Chu
Stroke is one of the most common causes of physical disability, and early, intensive, and repetitive rehabilitation exercises are crucial to the recovery of stroke survivors. Unfortunately, research shows that only one third of stroke patients actually perform recommended exercises at home, because of the repetitive and mundane nature of conventional rehabilitation exercises. Thus, to motivate stroke survivors to engage in monotonous rehabilitation is a significant issue in the therapy process. Game-based rehabilitation systems have the potential to encourage patients continuing rehabilitation exercises at home...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26822592/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-psychophysiological-effects-of-physical-exercise-and-tai-chi-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia
#11
Rainbow T H Ho, Ted C T Fong, Adrian H Y Wan, Friendly S W Au-Yeung, Cathy P K Wong, Winnie Y H Ng, Irene K M Cheung, Phyllis H Y Lo, S M Ng, Cecilia L W Chan, Eric Y H Chen
The chronic and prevalent natures of schizophrenia result in long-term institutionalization for the patients. Conventional treatment of anti-psychotic medication on management of psychotic symptoms often brings on severe side effects and reduces patients' well-being. Tai-chi is a mind-body exercise that underscores motor coordination and relaxation. This 3-arm randomized controlled trial investigated the psychophysiological benefits of Tai-chi on 153 chronic schizophrenia patients, who were recruited from a mental health rehab complex and randomized into Tai-chi, exercise, or waitlist control groups...
March 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26779503/provocation-of-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-obstruction-using-nitrate-inhalation-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-relation-to-electromechanical-delay
#12
Hala Mahfouz Badran, Waleed Abdou Ibrahim, Naglaa Faheem, Rehab Yassin, Tamer Alashkar, Magdi Yacoub
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (LVOT) is an independent predictor of adverse outcome in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). It is of major importance that the provocation modalities used are validated against each other. AIM: To define the magnitude of LVOT gradients provocation during both isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) inhalation and treadmill exercise in non-obstructive HCM and analyze the correlation to the electromechanical delay using speckle tracking...
2015: Global Cardiology Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26387271/quantity-and-quality-of-daily-physical-activity-in-older-cardiac-patients
#13
David M Buijs, Ailar Ramadi, Karen MacDonald, Rhonda Lightfoot, Mano Senaratne, Robert G Haennel
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behaviour and the level of daily physical activity are of particular concern in cardiac patients, as diminished activity may be a strong predictor of mortality in this population. PURPOSE: In this study we assessed sedentary behaviour and the quantity and quality of daily physical activity among older cardiac patients who were at different stages of recovery following a cardiac event. DESIGN: We used a cross-sectional design and a convenience sampling technique...
2015: Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Journal Canadien en Soins Infirmiers Cardio-vasculaires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301640/exercise-programs-for-lvad-supported-patients-a-snapshot-from-the-esc-affiliated-countries
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Tuvia Ben Gal, Massimo F Piepoli, Ugo Corrà, Viviane Conraads, Stamatis Adamopoulos, Piergiuseppe Agostoni, Ewa Piotrowicz, Jean-Paul Schmid, Petar M Seferovic, Piotr Ponikowski, Gerasimos Filippatos, Tiny Jaarsma
BACKGROUND: To contribute to the protocol development of exercise training in LVAD supported patients by reviewing the exercise programs for those patients in the ESC affiliated countries. METHODS: A subset of data from 77 (26 countries) LVAD implanting centers that participated in the Extra-HF survey (170 centers) was analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 77 LVAD implanting centers, 45 (58%) reported to have a functioning exercise training program (ETP) for LVAD patients...
December 15, 2015: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26173027/age-related-differences-in-lean-mass-protein-synthesis-and-skeletal-muscle-markers-of-proteolysis-after-bed-rest-and-exercise-rehabilitation
#15
Ruth E Tanner, Lucille B Brunker, Jakob Agergaard, Katherine M Barrows, Robert A Briggs, Oh Sung Kwon, Laura M Young, Paul N Hopkins, Elena Volpi, Robin L Marcus, Paul C LaStayo, Micah J Drummond
Bed rest-induced muscle loss and impaired muscle recovery may contribute to age-related sarcopenia. It is unknown if there are age-related differences in muscle mass and muscle anabolic and catabolic responses to bed rest. A secondary objective was to determine if rehabilitation could reverse bed rest responses. Nine older and fourteen young adults participated in a 5-day bed rest challenge (BED REST). This was followed by 8 weeks of high intensity resistance exercise (REHAB). Leg lean mass (via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; DXA) and strength were determined...
September 15, 2015: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26161458/framing-new-pathways-in-transformative-exercise-for-individuals-with-existing-and-newly-acquired-disability
#16
James Rimmer, Byron Lai
PURPOSE: This paper describes a continuum of customized exercise options for people with an existing and newly acquired disability or diagnosis referred to as the Transformative Exercise Framework. BACKGROUND: The period directly after rehabilitation is a critical juncture where many individuals return to life with high rates of sedentary behavior. After rehabilitation discharge, people with newly acquired disability or diagnoses often never make the transition into usage of community-based exercise services that are tailored, safe and effective...
July 10, 2015: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25939657/effect-of-aspirin-on-acute-changes-in-peripheral-arterial-stiffness-and-endothelial-function-following-exertional-heat-stress-in-firefighters-the-factorial-group-results-of-the-enhanced-firefighter-rehab-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Oladipupo Olafiranye, David Hostler, Daniel G Winger, Li Wang, Steven E Reis
Peripheral arterial stiffness and endothelial function, which are independent predictors of cardiac events, are abnormal in firefighters. We examined the effects of aspirin on peripheral arterial stiffness and endothelial function in firefighters. Fifty-two firefighters were randomized to receive daily 81 mg aspirin or placebo for 14 days before treadmill exercise in thermal protection clothing, and a single dose of 325 mg aspirin or placebo immediately following exertion. Peripheral arterial augmentation index adjusted for a heart rate of 75 (AI75) and reactive hyperemia index (RHI) were determined immediately before, and 30, 60, and 90 minutes after exertion...
June 2015: Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25495543/lc-rehab-randomised-trial-assessing-the-effect-of-a-new-patient-education-method-learning-and-coping-strategies-in-cardiac-rehabilitation
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Vibeke Lynggaard, Ole May, Alison Beauchamp, Claus Vinther Nielsen, Inge Wittrup
BACKGROUND: Due to improved treatments and ageing population, many countries now report increasing prevalence in rates of ischemic heart disease and heart failure. Cardiac rehabilitation has potential to reduce morbidity and mortality, but not all patients complete. In light of favourable effects of cardiac rehabilitation it is important to develop patient education methods which can enhance adherence to this effective program. The LC-REHAB study aims to compare the effect of a new patient education strategy in cardiac rehabilitation called 'learning and coping' to that of standard care...
December 13, 2014: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25447348/cardiac-rehabilitation-improves-functional-capacity-and-patient-reported-health-status-in-patients-with-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-devices-the-rehab-vad-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dennis J Kerrigan, Celeste T Williams, Jonathan K Ehrman, Matthew A Saval, Kyle Bronsteen, John R Schairer, Meghan Swaffer, Clinton A Brawner, David E Lanfear, Yelena Selektor, Mauricio Velez, Cristina Tita, Steven J Keteyian
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effects of a cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program on functional capacity and health status (HS) in patients with newly implanted left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). BACKGROUND: Reduced functional capacity and HS are independent predictors of mortality in patients with heart failure. CR improves both, and is related to improved outcomes in patients with heart failure; however, there is a paucity of data that describe the effects of CR in patients with LVADs...
December 2014: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25442441/the-quality-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-canada-a-report-of-the-canadian-cardiac-rehab-registry
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sherry L Grace, Trisha L Parsons, Todd A Duhamel, Deborah S Somanader, Neville Suskin
Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) significantly reduces morbidity and mortality compared with usual care. CR quality indicators (QIs) have recently been established in Canada. This article presents an assessment of real-world CR program achievement of process and outcome QIs in Canada, using the Canadian Cardiac Rehab Registry (CCRR). The CR QIs were developed through the Canadian Cardiovascular Society's Best Practice Methodology. After reconciling the QI with CCRR definitions, it was identified that 14 (46.7%) of the 30 QIs could be assessed through the CCRR...
November 2014: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
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