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Rosario Pignatello, Tiziana M G Pecora, Giuseppa G Cutuli, Alfio Catalfo, Guido De Guidi, Barbara Ruozi, Giovanni Tosi, Simona Cianciolo, Teresa Musumeci
Trans-resveratrol (RSV) was microencapsulated in Eudragit® RS100 and RL100 resin blends. Lyophilized microspheres were characterized in the solid state for their micromeritic properties and drug loading. FT-IR, PXRD and DSC analyses suggested that RSV formed an intimate microcrystalline dispersion within the polymer network, also confirmed by SEM analysis. This produced a reduced degradation of RSV after storage at 40°C, compared to the neat drug, and a protection of the drug from UV light-induced trans-cis isomerization (60% intact drug was found after 60 sec irradiation at 350 nm, compared to 37% for the pure drug)...
March 22, 2018: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Thiyagarajan Subramanian, Edwin Geo Varuvel, Saravanan Ganapathy, S Vedharaj, R Vallinayagam
The present study intends to explore the effect of the addition of fuel additives with camphor oil (CMO) on the characteristics of a twin-cylinder compression ignition (CI) engine. The lower viscosity and boiling point of CMO when compared to diesel could improve the fuel atomization, evaporation, and air/fuel mixing process. However, the lower cetane index of CMO limits its use as a drop in fuel for diesel in CI engine. In general, NOX emission increases for less viscous and low cetane (LVLC) fuels due to pronounced premixed combustion phase...
March 21, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sean F Gilmore, Timothy S Carpenter, Helgi I Ingólfsson, Sandra K G Peters, Paul T Henderson, Craig D Blanchette, Nicholas O Fischer
Nanolipoprotein particles (NLPs) are reconstituted high-density lipoproteins, consisting of a phospholipid bilayer stabilized by an apolipoprotein scaffold protein. This class of nanoparticle has been a vital tool in the study of membrane proteins, and in recent years has been increasingly used for in vivo applications. Previous work demonstrated that the composition of the lipid bilayer component affects the stability of these particles in serum solutions. In the current study, NLPs assembled with phosphatidylcholine lipids featuring different acyl chain structures were systematically tested to understand the effect that lipid composition has on NLP stability in both neat serum and cell culture media supplemented with 10% serum by volume...
March 22, 2018: Nanoscale
Shadpour Mallakpour, Soheila Mansourzadeh
The aim of this paper was to blend the polymers, poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) and poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) to produce a novel composite materials possessing the benefits of both. CuO nanoparticles (NPs) were used as a suitable filler to fabricate the blend nanocomposites (NCs) with desired properties. First, the surface of NPs, was modified with vitamin B1 (VB1 ) as a bio-safe coupling agent. Then, the blend NCs with various ratios of modified CuO (3, 5, and 7 wt%) were fabricated under ultrasonic irradiations followed by casting/solvent evaporation method...
May 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Mahroo Khaleghi, Khadijeh Didehban, Meisam Shabanian
Melamine terephthaldehyde modified graphene oxide (MTR-GO) with optimum content was easily prepared via ultrasonication method and used as anti-corrosion additive for Poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC). The effects of ultrasonicated MTR-GO on the mechanical, chemical and thermal resistance of the PVC were thoroughly studied. Change percentage of tensile strength and weight change percentage of PVC (P) and PVC/MTR-GO nanocomposite (PN) in acetone and sodium hypochlorite (NaClO) media at two different exposure temperature (20 °C and 50 °C) were examined...
May 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
Megan Grabenauer, Katherine N Moore, Nichole D Bynum, Robert M White, John M Mitchell, Eugene D Hayes, Ronald Flegel
Recent advances in analytical capabilities allowing for the identification and quantification of drugs and metabolites in small volumes at low concentrations have made oral fluid a viable matrix for drug testing. Oral fluid is an attractive matrix option due to its relative ease of collection, reduced privacy concerns for observed collections and difficulty to adulterate. The work presented here details the development and validation of a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS) method for the quantification of codeine, morphine, 6-acetylmorphine, hydrocodone, hydromorphone, oxycodone and oxymorphone in neat oral fluid...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
Michael H Connors, Katrin M Seeher, John Crawford, David Ames, Michael Woodward, Henry Brodaty
INTRODUCTION: Neuropsychiatric symptoms are common in Alzheimer's disease. Previous research has attempted to identify subsyndromes-sets of symptoms related to one another-to clarify underlying mechanisms and treatment targets. We examined the stability of these subsyndromes over time. METHODS: We administered the Neuropsychiatric Inventory annually for 3 years to 447 patients with Alzheimer's disease recruited from memory clinics. We conducted principal component analyses at each time point and multigroup confirmatory factor analyses across time...
March 13, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
Matthieu Fumagalli, Julien Berriot, Benoit de Gaudemaris, Anne Veyland, Jean-Luc Putaux, Sonia Molina-Boisseau, Laurent Heux
Rubber materials with well-dispersed fillers and large mechanical reinforcement have been obtained by melt-processing a diene elastomer matrix and tailored nanocellulose powders having both a high specific surface area and a modified interface. Such filler powders with a specific surface area of 180 m2 g-1 and 100 m2 g-1 have been obtained by freeze-drying suspensions of short needle-like cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) and entangled networks of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC) in tert-butanol/water, respectively...
March 16, 2018: Soft Matter
Megan Sjodt, Ramsay Macdonald, Joanna D Marshall, Joseph Clayton, John S Olson, Martin L Phillips, David A Gell, Jeff Wereszczynski, Robert T Clubb
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of life-threatening infections in the United States. It actively acquires the essential nutrient iron from human hemoglobin (Hb) using the iron-regulated surface-determinant (Isd) system. This process is initiated when the closely related bacterial IsdB and IsdH receptors bind to Hb and extract its hemin through a conserved tri-domain unit that contains two NEAr iron Transporter (NEAT) domains that are connected by a helical linker domain. Previously, we demonstrated that the tri-domain unit within IsdH (IsdHN2N3 ) triggers hemin release by distorting Hb's F-helix...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yinhui Yang, Zhengfeng Chang, Xiaohong Yang, Meiling Qi, Jinliang Wang
Herein we report a propeller-like hexaphenylbenzene-based hydrocarbon material (denoted as BT) as the stationary phase for capillary gas chromatography (GC). The statically-coated BT capillary column showed a high column efficiency of 4340 plates m-1 and weak polarity. Owing to its unique conformation, π-electron toroidal delocalization and intrinsic microporosity, the BT stationary phase exhibited interesting selectivity for aromatic compounds over alkanes. Compared with the graphene (G) column, the BT column showed much prolonged retention and high selectivity for aromatic isomers, especially methylnaphthalenes, dimethylnaphthalenes and phenanthrene/anthracene, mainly because of its propeller-like conformation with rich intercalation effects...
August 3, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Konrad Skotnicki, Julio Ramón De la Fuente, Alvaro Cañete, Eduardo Berrios, Krzysztof Bobrowski
The absorption-spectral and kinetic behavior of radical ions and neutral hydrogenated radicals of seven 3-styryl-quinoxalin-2(1 H)-one (3-SQ) derivatives, one without substituents in styryl moiety, four others with electron donating (R = -CH3 , -OCH3 , -N(CH3 )2) or electron withdrawing (R = -OCF3 ) substituents in para-position in benzene ring, and remaining two with double methoxy substituents (-OCH3 ), however, at different position (meta/para and ortho/meta) have been studied by UV-vis spectrophotometric pulse radiolysis in a neat acetonitrile saturated with argon (Ar) and oxygen (O2 ) and in 2-propanol saturated with Ar, at room temperature...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Haoliang Liu, Chuang Zhang, Hans Malissa, Matthew Groesbeck, Marzieh Kavand, Ryan McLaughlin, Shirin Jamali, Jingjun Hao, Dali Sun, Royce A Davidson, Leonard Wojcik, Joel S Miller, Christoph Boehme, Z Valy Vardeny
Magnonics concepts utilize spin-wave quanta (magnons) for information transmission, processing and storage. To convert information carried by magnons into an electric signal promises compatibility of magnonic devices with conventional electronic devices, that is, magnon spintronics1 . Magnons in inorganic materials have been studied widely with respect to their generation2,3 , transport4,5 and detection6 . In contrast, resonant spin waves in the room-temperature organic-based ferrimagnet vanadium tetracyanoethylene (V(TCNE)x (x ≈ 2)), were detected only recently7 ...
March 12, 2018: Nature Materials
Rania Oueslati, Cheng Cheng, Jayne Wu, Jiangang Chen
Cocaine is one of the most used illegal recreational drugs. Developing an on-site test for cocaine use detection has been a focus of research effort, since it is essential to the control and legal action against drug abuse. Currently most of cocaine detection methods are time-consuming and require special or expensive equipment, and the detection often suffers from high cross-reactivity with cocaine metabolites and relative low sensitivity with the best limit of detection reported at sub nanomolar (nM) level...
February 27, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Giulia Ognibene, Salvatore Mannino, Maria Elena Fragalà, Gianluca Cicala
Electrospun veils from copolyethersulfones (coPES) were prepared as soluble interlaminar veils for carbon fiber/epoxy composites. Neat, resin samples were impregnated into coPES veils with unmodified resin, while dry carbon fabrics were covered with electrospun veils and then infused with the unmodified epoxy resin to prepare reinforced laminates. The thermoplastic content varied from 10 wt% to 20 wt%. TGAP epoxy monomer showed improved and fast dissolution for all the temperatures tested. The unreinforced samples were cured first at 180 °C for 2 h and then were post-cured at 220 °C for 3 h...
March 9, 2018: Materials
Lena Vogt, Liliana Liverani, Judith A Roether, Aldo R Boccaccini
For biomedical applications such as soft tissue engineering, plant proteins are becoming increasingly attractive. Zein, a class of prolamine proteins found in corn, offers excellent properties for application in the human body, but has inferior mechanical properties and lacks aqueous stability. In this study, electrospun scaffolds from neat zein and zein blended with prepolymer and mildly cross-linked poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) were fabricated. Less toxic solvents like acetic acid and ethanol were used. The morphological, physiochemical and degradation properties of the as-spun fiber mats were determined...
March 8, 2018: Nanomaterials
Zhen Zhan, Zhongzhen Yang, Dena Ma, Hao Zhang, Yuesen Shi, Qiantao Wang, Yong Deng, Li Hai, Yong Wu
An efficient protocol for the synthesis of thiophosphates is described. Without using any metallic catalyst, base and solvent, the direct sulfur-phosphorus bond coupling reaction of disulfides and dialkyl trimethylsilyl phosphite (DTSP) was promoted under neat reaction condition in moderate to excellent yields with good functional group compatibility. The reaction condition is superior to other methods not only in predigesting process but also in shortening the reaction time apparently. Notably, these transformations are easy to conduct and can be readily applied to gram-scale preparation...
March 8, 2018: ChemSusChem
Snehali Mali, Sachin Shinde, Shashikant Damte, Suresh Patil
Without using any toxic or hazardous reagent, ligand, acid, transition metal catalyst, additives/promoters and organic solvent, green Knoevenagel condensation and tandem Knoevenagel-Michael reactions have been successfully carried out by using chickpea leaf exudates as a naturally sourced Bronsted acid type bio-catalyst. The reaction proceeds in neat chickpea leaf exudates at room temperature in aqueous conditions in very short reaction times, and therefore, it is an evergreen and environmentally sound alternative to the existing protocols for benzopyran synthesis...
February 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Marc Walter, Kostiantyn V Kravchyk, Cornelia Böfer, Roland Widmer, Maksym V Kovalenko
The pressing need for low-cost and large-scale stationary storage of electricity has led to a new wave of research on novel batteries made entirely of components that have high natural abundances and are easy to manufacture. One example of such an anode-electrolyte-cathode architecture comprises metallic aluminum, AlCl3 :[EMIm]Cl (1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride) ionic liquid and graphite. Various forms of synthetic and natural graphite cathodes have been tested in recent years in this context. Here, a new type of compelling cathode based on inexpensive pyrene polymers is demonstrated...
March 7, 2018: Advanced Materials
Kailong Wu, Zian Wang, Lisi Zhan, Cheng Zhong, Shaolong Gong, Guohua Xie, Chuluo Yang
Two new blue emitters, i.e. bis[2-(9,9-dimethyl-9,10-dihydroacridine)phenyl]sulfone (o-ACSO2) and bis[3-(9,9-dimethyl-9,10-dihydroacridine)phenyl]sulfone (m-ACSO2), with reserved fine thermally activated delayed fluorescent (TADF) nature and simply tuned thermal and optoelectronic properties, were synthesized by isomer engineering. The meta-linking compound, i.e. m-ACSO2, obtains the highest photoluminescence quantum yield with a small singlet-triplet energy gap, a moderate delayed fluorescent lifetime, excellent solubility and neat film homogeneity...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Purnachandran Ramakrishnan, Ramesh Kasimani, Mohamed Shameer Peer, Sakthivel Rajamohan
Alcohol is used as an additive for a long time with the petroleum-based fuels. In this study, the higher alcohol, n-pentanol, was used as an additive to Calophyllum inophyllum (CI) biodiesel/diesel blends at 10, 15, and 20% by volume. In all blends, the ratio of CI was maintained at 20% by volume. The engine characteristics of the pentanol fuel blends were compared with the diesel and CI20 (Calophyllum inophyllum 20% and diesel 80%) biodiesel blend. The nitrogen oxide (NO) emission of the pentanol fuel blends showed an increased value than CI20 and neat diesel fuel...
March 5, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
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