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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781699/conceptualisation-of-african-primal-health-care-within-mental-health-care
#1
Neo E Nare, Abel J Pienaar, Ditaba D Mphuthi
BACKGROUND:  It is believed by western education systems that the first contact should be with the nurse in primary health care. However, it is not the case. Therefore, the researcher attempts to correct this misconception by conceptualising the correct beginning of health seeking behaviour in an indigenous African community, namely African Primal Health Care (APHC). 'Primal' was coined during a colloquium by Dr Mbulawa and Seboka team members; however no formal conceptualisation took place, only operational definition...
March 22, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780030/effect-of-multimorbidity-on-survival-of-patients-diagnosed-with-heart-failure-a-retrospective-cohort-study-in-singapore
#2
Palvinder Kaur, Nakul Saxena, Alex Xiaobin You, Raymond C C Wong, Choon Pin Lim, Seet Yoong Loh, Pradeep Paul George
OBJECTIVE: Multimorbidity in patients with heart failure (HF) results in poor prognosis and is an increasing public health concern. We aim to examine the effect of multimorbidity focusing on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) on all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-specific mortality among patients diagnosed with HF in Singapore. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Primary and tertiary care in three (out of six) Regional Health Systems in Singapore...
May 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779794/understanding-pain-and-pain-management-in-elderly-nursing-home-patients-applying-an-interprofessional-learning-activity-in-health-care-students-a-norwegian-pilot-study
#3
Elin Damsgård, Hege Solgård, Karin Johannessen, Katrine Wennevold, Gunnvald Kvarstein, Gunn Pettersen, Beate Garcia
Pain is common among elderly patients in nursing homes. However, pain assessment and treatment are inadequate. Interprofessional treatment is recommended, and consequently interprofessional education in pain management is necessary. This pilot project aimed to describe how two interprofessional groups of students approached pain management in two nursing home patients. We formed two teams comprising one student from the nursing, physical therapy, pharmacy, and medical educations. Each team spent one day examining a patient with chronic pain at a nursing home and they developed pain management plans...
May 17, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779511/preconception-care-for-the-patient-and-family
#4
REVIEW
Elizabeth Hall, Robingale Panepinto, Elizabeth Keeley Bowman
Preconception counseling is essential for women of childbearing age and family members who have decided to conceive because the level of well health of the mother and unborn child are affected by decisions and actions of the mother before and during pregnancy. Proactively planning pregnancy includes scheduling a preconception counseling consultation with a provider. Understanding physical, psychological, and emotional needs promotes healthy pregnancy outcomes for mother and baby. This article offers a reflective and holistic perspective of how health care providers frame, prioritize, and engage with the patient and family during the preconception consultation...
June 2018: Nursing Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779198/redeveloping-substance-abuse-treatment-for-military-personnel
#5
REVIEW
Christian Schrader, Antoinette Lenton, Peter Gertonson, Alexander Rahimi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We review the prevailing evidence surrounding treatment of substance use disorder (SUD), with specific focus on alcohol, tobacco, and prescription opiates, and how it informs guidelines for treating active duty military. We survey the evidence regarding preventive screening, treatment, and relapse prevention in substance misuse as it pertains to patient-centered care of the service member. RECENT FINDINGS: Holistic, patient-centered care with an emphasis on identifying maladaptive use or dependence prior to progression to chronic disease is now recognized as the evidenced approach to treating substance use disorders...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779057/using-patient-reported-outcome-measures-to-deliver-enhanced-supportive-care-to-people-with-lung-cancer-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-a-nurse-led-consultation-model
#6
Grigorios Kotronoulas, Constantina Papadopoulou, Mhairi F Simpson, John McPhelim, Lynn Mack, Roma Maguire
PURPOSE: Developing new supportive/palliative care services for lung cancer should encompass effective ways to promptly identify and address patients' healthcare needs. We examined whether an in-clinic, nurse-led consultation model, which was driven by use of a patient-reported outcomes (PRO) measure, was feasible and acceptable in the identification of unmet needs in patients with lung cancer. METHODS: A two-part, repeated-measures, mixed-methods study was conducted...
May 19, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777643/infertility-psychological-distress-and-coping-strategies-among-women-in-mali-west-africa-a-mixed-methods-study
#7
Rosanna F Hess, Ratchneewan Ross, John L GilillandJr
Relatively little is known about infertility and its consequences in Mali, West Africa where the context and culture are different from those of previously studied settings. This study therefore aimed to specifically examine infertility induced psychological distress and coping strategies among women in Mali. A convergent mixed-methods design-correlational cross-sectional and qualitative descriptive-guided the study. Fifty-eight infertile Malian women participated: 52 completed the Psychological Evaluation Test specific for infertility and a question on general health status, and 26 were interviewed in-depth...
March 2018: African Journal of Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772017/patient-reported-healthcare-expectations-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#8
Valérie Pittet, Carla Vaucher, Florian Froehlich, Michel H Maillard, Pierre Michetti
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported experience is an important component of a holistic approach to quality of care. Patients' expectations of treatments and global disease management may indicate their illness representations and their satisfaction and hopes regarding quality of care. OBJECTIVE: To study expectations of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. METHODS: Two focus groups were conducted with 14 patients to explore their expectations about treatments and disease management...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771210/variables-affecting-hospital-length-of-stay-a-scoping-review
#9
Sandra C Buttigieg, Lorraine Abela, Adriana Pace
Purpose Tertiary hospitals have registered an incremental rise in expenditure mostly because of the increasing demands by ageing populations. Reducing the length of stay (LOS) of patients within tertiary hospitals is one of the strategies, which has been used in the last decades to ensure health care systems' sustainability. Furthermore, LOS is one of the key performance indicators, which is widely used to assess hospital efficiency. Hence, it is crucial that policy makers use evidence-based practices in health care to aim for optimal LOS...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769693/caring-for-individuals-with-a-difference-of-sex-development-dsd-a-consensus-statement
#10
REVIEW
Martine Cools, Anna Nordenström, Ralitsa Robeva, Joanne Hall, Puck Westerveld, Christa Flück, Birgit Köhler, Marta Berra, Alexander Springer, Katinka Schweizer, Vickie Pasterski
The term differences of sex development (DSDs; also known as disorders of sex development) refers to a heterogeneous group of congenital conditions affecting human sex determination and differentiation. Several reports highlighting suboptimal physical and psychosexual outcomes in individuals who have a DSD led to a radical revision of nomenclature and management a decade ago. Whereas the resulting recommendations for holistic, multidisciplinary care seem to have been implemented rapidly in specialized paediatric services around the world, adolescents often experience difficulties in finding access to expert adult care and gradually or abruptly cease medical follow-up...
May 16, 2018: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768053/quality-of-life-and-patients-expectations-in-soft-tissue-sarcoma
#11
Robin L Jones, Axel Le Cesne
Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is essential for holistic care. Greater efforts are required to incorporate HRQoL measures into clinical trials and daily practice. Considerable HRQoL data are available for localized soft tissue sarcomas (STS), particularly in the orthopedic setting. In future, HRQoL is expected to become increasingly important in the evaluation of palliative therapy in advanced STS. A patient-centric approach is advocated for STS management. Greater awareness of STS by nonspecialist clinicians, and timely referral to specialized sarcoma reference centers, is crucial for patient welfare...
May 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764248/interprofessional-collaboration-and-the-care-and-management-of-type-2-diabetic-patients-in-the-middle-east-a-systematic-review
#12
J M Johnson, R Carragher
The World Health Organization has ranked the Middle East (ME) as the second most prevalent region globally for type 2 diabetes. Currently, treatment options initiated by physicians focus mainly on pharmaceuticals; however, lifestyle factors also have a tremendous impact on a patient's wellness or illness. A potential solution to this issue is to use an interprofessional team approach when caring for this patient population. The purpose of this systematic review is to look at the present literature involving the use of an interprofessional team approach to the care and maintenance of people with type 2 diabetes in the ME...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763841/nursing-and-midwifery-students-perceptions-of-spirituality-spiritual-care-and-spiritual-care-competency-a-prospective-longitudinal-correlational-european-study
#13
Linda Ross, Wilfred McSherry, Tove Giske, René van Leeuwen, Annemiek Schep-Akkerman, Tiburtius Koslander, Jenny Hall, Vibeke Østergaard Steenfeldt, Paul Jarvis
BACKGROUND: Nurses and midwives care for people at some of the most vulnerable moments of their lives, so it is essential that they have the skills to give care which is compassionate, dignified, holistic and person-centred. Holistic care includes spiritual care which is concerned with helping people whose beliefs, values and sense of meaning, purpose and connection is challenged by birth, illness or death. Spiritual care is expected of nurses/midwives but they feel least prepared for this part of their role...
May 9, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762981/the-use-of-the-medical-research-council-framework-in-the-study-of-complex-interventions-in-nursing-a-literature-review
#14
Sara Pinto, Sílvia Caldeira, José Martins
BACKGROUND: Nursing care addresses several complex interventions and international research into complex interventions is growing. The Medical Research Council framework (MRC-f) is the most cited framework describing the development and evaluation of interventions, but little is known about its use in nursing sciences. AIM: To review the literature for uses of MRC-f in developing complex interventions. DISCUSSION: Of 287 studies initially identified; the final sample comprised 13 papers...
May 15, 2018: Nurse Researcher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755216/yoga-for-heart-failure-a-review-and-future-research
#15
REVIEW
Paula R Pullen, William S Seffens, Walter R Thompson
Background: Complementary and alternative medicine is a rapidly growing area of biomedical inquiry. Yoga has emerged in the forefront of holistic medical care due to its long history of linking physical, mental, and spiritual well-being. Research in yoga therapy (YT) has associated improved cardiovascular and quality of life (QoL) outcomes for the special needs of heart failure (HF) patients. Aim: The aim of this study is to review yoga intervention studies on HF patients, discuss proposed mechanisms, and examine yoga's effect on physiological systems that have potential benefits for HF patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754122/schizophrenia-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#16
V Mamakou, A Thanopoulou, F Gonidakis, N Tentolouris, V Kontaxakis
Schizophrenia is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus, resulting in elevated cardiovascular risk and limited life expectancy, translated into a weighted average of 14.5 years of potential life lost and an overall weighted average life expectancy of 64.7 years. The exact prevalence of type 2 diabetes among people with schizophrenia varies across studies and ranges 2-5fold higher than in the general population, whereas the aetiology is complex and multifactorial. Besides common diabetogenic factors, applied similarly in the general population, such as obesity, hyperlipidemia, smoking, hypertension, poor diet and limited physical activity, the co-occurrence of schizophrenia and diabetes is also attributed to unique conditions...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754120/promoting-healthy-lives-and-well-being-for-all-the-contribution-of-the-international-college-of-person-centered-medicine-icpcm
#17
G N Christodoulou, J E Mezzich, C R Cloninger, N Christodoulou, E Villar, J Appleyard, M Botbol
This article defines the scope of Person-Centered Medicine, traces its roots in ancient conceptions, explains the reasons for the revival of this perspective in our times, and highlights the contribution of the International College of Person-Centered Medicine (ICPCM) in the promotion of the personcentered perspective in health and disease. The value of communication is underlined with reference to both diagnosis and treatment. The concept of Health is considered historically and the inclusiveness, holistic vista and positive health orientation of the WHO definition of Health (1948) is underlined...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746263/the-effect-of-uncertainty-management-program-on-quality-of-life-among-vietnamese-women-at-3-weeks-postmastectomy
#18
Xuan Thi Nhu Ha, Sureeporn Thanasilp, Ratsiri Thato
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, breast cancer is a top contributor to cancer-related deaths in women. Evidence shows that, after mastectomy, women in Vietnam have a lower quality of life than women in other countries. In addition, high uncertainty is a predictor of low quality of life postmastectomy. Therefore, if nurses can manage uncertainty, the quality of life postmastectomy can improve. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of the Uncertainty Management Program (UMP) on quality of life at 3 weeks postmastectomy in Vietnamese women...
May 10, 2018: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744286/adolescent-pregnancy-and-challenges-in-kenyan-context-perspectives-from-multiple-community-stakeholders
#19
Manasi Kumar, Keng-Yen Huang, Caleb Othieno, Dalton Wamalwa, Beatrice Madeghe, Judith Osok, Simon Njuguna Kahonge, Joyce Nato, Mary McKernon McKay
Objective: The key objective of this paper is to provide a phenomenological account of the mental health challenges and experiences of adolescent new mothers. We explore the role of social support and the absence of empathy plays in depression among pregnant adolescents. The project also collected data on the adolescents' caregiving environment which includes the adolescents' mothers, their partners, the community, and health care workers, as well as feedback from staff nurses at the maternal and child health centers...
March 2018: Global Social Welfare: Research, Policy & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741457/differences-between-early-and-late-involvement-of-palliative-home-care-in-oncology-care-a-focus-group-study-with-palliative-home-care-teams
#20
Naomi Dhollander, Luc Deliens, Simon Van Belle, Aline De Vleminck, Koen Pardon
BACKGROUND: To date, no randomised controlled trials on the integration of specialised palliative home care into oncology care have been identified. Information on whether existing models of integrated care are applicable to the home care system and how working procedures and skills of the palliative care teams might require adaptation is missing. AIM: To gain insight into differences between early and late involvement and the effect on existing working procedures and skills as perceived by palliative home care teams...
May 1, 2018: Palliative Medicine
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