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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074448/patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-use-in-clinical-trials-and-clinical-practice-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
M J de Jong, R Huibregtse, A A M Masclee, D M A E Jonkers, M J Pierik
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Mucosal inflammation must be carefully monitored to improve the long-term outcomes of patients with inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) are used increasingly to monitor disease activity in clinical practice and as endpoints in clinical trials. We performed a systematic review to provide an overview of the available PROMs on IBD activity and to evaluate their diagnostic value. METHODS: A systematic search of the PubMed, Medline, Cochrane library, and Embase databases using defined keywords, identified 973 articles...
October 23, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060538/a-wireless-capsule-endoscopy-steering-mechanism-using-magnetic-field-platform
#2
Fahad N Alsunaydih, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet R Yuce
In this paper, a new steering mechanism for wireless capsule devices is presented. The proposed system consists of a platform generating a magnetic field to direct and control the motion of a capsule. The platform contains an upper and a lower set of electromagnets. A permanent magnet is implanted inside the capsule to initiate the movement, which is set by the magnetic field delivered by the electromagnets. The total magnetic field at the capsule's location is the sum of the contributions of each electromagnet...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018947/endoscopic-management-of-petrous-apex-cholesteatoma
#3
Hisashi Sugimoto, Miyako Hatano, Masao Noda, Hiroki Hasegawa, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
We describe a technique for approaching petrous apex cholesteatoma using combined lateral microscopic/endoscopic approaches, and discuss the utility of endoscopy in managing matrix inside the petrous apex. In our two cases, total view inside the petrous apex was achieved under endoscopy without mobilizing the internal carotid artery, and the matrix was successfully removed. Neither patient has presented with postoperative recurrence thanks to the wide-angle endoscopic view inside the petrous apex. Since the number of patients was small, comparisons with microscopic treatments are not yet valid, but endoscopes could offer a helpful tool for operating inside the petrous apex...
December 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927868/does-videoendoscopy-provide-three-dimensional-vision-in-closed-rhinoplasty
#4
Guncel Ozturk, Bilge Kagan Aysal
Rhinoplasty is a common procedure in cosmetic surgery all over the world. Patients desire enhancement of their facial beauty by the correction of preexisting nasal deformities. Precisely performed operations lead to better results, and enhancing technical accuracy accordingly results in more successful outcomes. Endoscopy helps us visualize the closed parts of the body with the aid of an illuminated optical device. The objective behind the present case series was to bring the advantages of open and closed rhinoplasty together by using endoscopic vision systems...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870088/transmitral-thrombectomy-to-treat-a-patient-with-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#5
Kenta Zaikokuji, Masaru Sawazaki, Shiro Tomari, Tomonari Uemura
A 68-year-old woman with a history of bipolar disorder was admitted to another hospital with a gastric ulcer. On admission, Takotsubo cardiomyopathy was suspected because her electrocardiogram was abnormal and the characteristic left ventricular wall motion was apparent. On hospital day 11, echocardiography revealed a thrombus in the apex of the left ventricle. She was transferred to our hospital and heparin treatment was commenced. On follow-up echocardiography, the left ventricular wall motion had normalized but thrombus mobility had increased...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726146/an-odyssey-of-complications-from-band-to-sleeve-to-bypass-definitive-laparoscopic-completion-gastrectomy-with-distal-esophagectomy-and-esophagojejunostomy-for-persistent-leak
#6
Hideo Takahashi, Andrew T Strong, Alfredo D Guerron, John H Rodriguez, Matthew Kroh
INTRODUCTION: Anastomotic leaks are uncommon yet potentially devastating complications after bariatric surgery. While the initial management includes resuscitation and sepsis control, the definitive management often requires endoscopic or surgical interventions. Surgical revision of the initial surgery may be necessary for chronic non-healing fistula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patient is a 45-year-old female with history of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding who underwent band removal and conversion to a sleeve gastrectomy (SG) due to her failed weight loss, which resulted in a leak at gastroesophageal junction...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706816/endoscopic-stalk-resection-of-a-toe-ganglion-with-color-aided-visualization
#7
Takahisa Ogawa, Yasuhiro Seki, Shinichi Shirasawa
Ganglion cysts are common cystic lesions filled with a jelly-like substance and originate from a joint capsule or tendon sheath through a stalk. Ganglion cysts mostly occur in the hand region, for which surgical excision usually results in good outcomes. In contrast, toe ganglions are relatively rare, and surgical treatment is associated with a high recurrence rate because of unidentifiable ganglion stalks, requiring large skin incisions. We have treated toe ganglion cysts using endoscopy in the ganglion cyst by injecting methylene blue into the tendon sheath that connects to the ganglion stalk...
June 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688566/dysphagia-in-healthy-children-characteristics-and-management-of-a-consecutive-cohort-at-a-tertiary-centre
#8
Orysya Svystun, Wendy Johannsen, Rabin Persad, Justine M Turner, Carina Majaesic, Hamdy El-Hakim
OBJECTIVE: Whereas the literature is replete with reports on complex children with dysphagia (DP), the parameters characterizing non-neurologically impaired (NNI) children have been underreported, leaving a substantial knowledge gap. We set to characterize a consecutive cohort of NNI children, their management, and outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a retrospective case series. Children (<18 years old) attending a tertiary multidisciplinary swallowing clinic were eligible...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675016/-velopharyngeal-closure-pattern-and-speech-performance-among-submucous-cleft-palate-patients
#9
Yin Heng, Guo Chunli, Shi Bing, Li Yang, Li Jingtao
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the velopharyngeal closure patterns and speech performance among submucous cleft palate patients. METHODS: Patients with submucous cleft palate visiting the Department of Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University between 2008 and 2016 were reviewed. Outcomes of subjective speech evaluation including velopharyngeal function, consonant articulation, and objective nasopharyngeal endoscopy including the mobility of soft palate, pharyngeal walls were retrospectively analyzed...
June 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631160/role-of-imaging-in-the-follow-up-of-t2-t3-glottic-cancer-treated-by-transoral-laser-microsurgery
#10
Filippo Marchi, Cesare Piazza, Marco Ravanelli, Giovanna Gaggero, Giampiero Parrinello, Alberto Paderno, Pietro Perotti, Marta Filauro, Roberto Maroldi, Giorgio Peretti
An unblinded retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was carried out on 138 patients affected by glottic pT2 and selected pT3 squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) treated by transoral laser microsurgery (TLM). The entire cohort was divided into two groups: Group A included 78 "high-risk" patients (pT2 with impaired vocal cord mobility, pT3 for anterior paraglottic and/or pre-epiglottic space invasion, presence of angioembolization, perineural spread, and positive lymph nodes in the neck) who underwent postoperative surveillance by endoscopy and imaging (CT or MR), while Group B included 60 "low-risk" patients (pT2 with absence of the above-mentioned features) who underwent endoscopic follow-up alone...
June 19, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630589/laparoscopic-colorectal-surgery-for-colorectal-polyps-experience-of-ten-years
#11
Audrius Dulskas, Žygimantas Kuliešius, Narimantas E Samalavičius
Background. Laparoscopy or its combination with endoscopy is the next step for "difficult" polyps. The purpose of the paper was to review the outcomes of the laparoscopic approach to the management of "difficult" colorectal polyps. Materials and methods. From 2006 to 2016, 58 patients who underwent laparoscopic treatment for "difficult" polyps that could not be treated by endoscopy at the National Cancer Institute, Lithuania, were included. The demographic data, the type of surgery, length of post-operative stay, complications, and final pathology were reviewed prospectively...
2017: Acta medica Lituanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488163/historical-review-of-arthroscopic-surgery-of-the-hip
#12
REVIEW
Abigail C L Magrill, Naoki Nakano, Vikas Khanduja
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Increasing our appreciation of the historical foundations of hip arthroscopy offers greater insight and understanding of the field's current and future applications. This article offers a broad history of the progress of hip arthroscopy. METHODS: Hip arthroscopy's development from the early technologies of endoscopy to the present day is described through a review of the available literature. RESULTS: Endoscopic science begins with the Lichtleiter, developed by Phillip Bozzini (1779-1809) in 1806, but endoscopes were not applied to joints until 1912, as presented by Severin Nordentoft (1866-1922)...
October 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484734/comparative-quality-assessment-of-esophageal-examination-with-transnasal-and-sedated-endoscopy
#13
Nicholas R Crews, Emmanuel C Gorospe, Michele L Johnson, Louis-Michel Wong Kee Song, David A Katzka, Prasad G Iyer
Background Unsedated transnasal esophagoscopy (TNE) may offer a less expensive, mobile alternative to sedated esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for evaluations of reflux related complications. Comparisons of imaging quality by these methods are lacking. Methods Two reviewers evaluated videos of TNE and EGD procedures, performed during a community randomized study comparing endoscopic techniques. Subjects were randomized to EGD, TNE in endoscopy suite, or TNE in mobile research unit. Endoscopic quality was assessed using a validated scoring tool...
May 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455158/costs-associated-with-barrett-s-esophagus-screening-in-the-community-an-economic-analysis-of-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial-of-sedated-versus-hospital-unsedated-versus-mobile-community-unsedated-endoscopy
#14
James P Moriarty, Nilay D Shah, Joel H Rubenstein, Christopher H Blevins, Michele Johnson, David A Katzka, Kenneth K Wang, Louis Michel Wongkeesong, David A Ahlquist, Prasad G Iyer
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Data on the economic impact associated with screening for Barrett's esophagus (BE) are limited. As part of a comparative effectiveness randomized trial of unsedated transnasal endoscopy (uTNE) and sedated EGD (sEGD), we assessed costs associated with BE screening. METHODS: Patients were randomly allocated to 3 techniques: sEGD or uTNE in a hospital setting (huTNE) versus uTNE in a mobile research van (muTNE). Patients were called 1 and 30 days after screening to assess loss of work (because of the screening procedure) and medical care sought after procedure...
April 25, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413300/anorectal-agenesis-with-rectovaginal-fistula-a-rare-regional-variant
#15
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Partap Singh Yadav, Shalu Shah, Rajiv Chadha
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The anatomical types of female anorectal malformation (ARM) are complex and include several rare and regional variants. The aim of this report is to highlight the diagnosis and management of cases of anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula (RVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of cases of RVF who underwent definitive surgery between November 2000 and September 2016 in a single institution. RESULTS: Of the 244 female patients with anorectal anomalies treated in our institution over a 16-year period, there were 15 cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis giving it an incidence of 6%...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361842/quality-of-life-in-dyspepsia-and-its-subgroups-using-eq-5d-euroqol-questionnaire
#16
Anurag J Shetty, Girisha Balaraju, Shiran Shetty, Cannanore G Pai
BACKGROUND/AIM: Dyspepsia has a significant impact on the quality of life. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) can be assessed by disease-specific and generic HRQoL instruments. The present study evaluated HRQoL and compared it among dyspepsia subgroups by using EQ (Euro QoL)-5D questionnaire. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with abnormal findings on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were classified to have organic dyspepsia, whereas those with normal endoscopy were classified as functional dyspepsia if they met the ROME III criteria or as endoscopy negative recent dyspepsia if symptom duration was <6 months...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335384/localization-and-tracking-of-implantable-biomedical-sensors
#17
REVIEW
Ilknur Umay, Barış Fidan, Billur Barshan
Implantable sensor systems are effective tools for biomedical diagnosis, visualization and treatment of various health conditions, attracting the interest of researchers, as well as healthcare practitioners. These systems efficiently and conveniently provide essential data of the body part being diagnosed, such as gastrointestinal (temperature, pH, pressure) parameter values, blood glucose and pressure levels and electrocardiogram data. Such data are first transmitted from the implantable sensor units to an external receiver node or network and then to a central monitoring and control (computer) unit for analysis, diagnosis and/or treatment...
March 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268316/improving-resolution-of-robotic-capsule-locomotion-using-dynamic-electromagnetic-field
#18
Fahad N Alsunaydih, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet R Yuce
This paper describes a new method to control the motion of swallowable wireless capsule endoscopy devices. A dynamic magnetic field produced by a set of external magnetic coils is used to manage the locomotion of the capsule. A permanent magnet is embedded into the capsule in order to manipulate the capsule by changing the external magnetic field strength for each specific position. The dynamic magnetic field is externally controlled to reach and maintain the equilibrium state for holding the capsule in a specific location...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256150/an-immobile-postsurgical-nasojejunal-tube-a-case-for-king-arthur
#19
Rui Morais, Margarida Marques, Susana Rodrigues, Guilherme Macedo
A patient was referred to an Endoscopy Unit for removal of a nasojejunal feeding tube that was previously inserted one week before during gastric surgery. Upper endoscopy revealed the nasojejunal tube sutured to the gastric wall and it was then removed with hot biopsy forceps. This case represents an uncommon complication of gastric surgery and highlights that a nasojejunal feeding tube should only be positioned after the suturing procedures and the mobility of the tube should always be tested during surgery...
March 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236012/application-of-a-computer-assisted-flexible-endoscope-system-for-transoral-surgery-of-the-hypopharynx-and-upper-esophagus
#20
Daniel T Friedrich, M O Scheithauer, J Greve, N Rotter, J Doescher, T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler
Zenker's diverticulum is a common pathology in the transition zone of the posterior hypopharynx and esophagus. Surgical treatment is routinely performed by ENT and general surgeons. Besides the traditional open transcervical diverticulectomy, the introduction of transoral rigid treatment led to a paradigm change and is now the preferred treatment option for patients who are fit for general anesthesia. The implementation of interventional flexible endoscopy has opened another new micro-invasive approach for patients with high morbidity...
May 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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