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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413300/anorectal-agenesis-with-rectovaginal-fistula-a-rare-regional-variant
#1
Subhasis Roy Choudhury, Niyaz Ahmed Khan, Pinaki Ranjan Debnath, Partap Singh Yadav, Shalu Shah, Rajiv Chadha
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The anatomical types of female anorectal malformation (ARM) are complex and include several rare and regional variants. The aim of this report is to highlight the diagnosis and management of cases of anorectal agenesis with rectovaginal fistula (RVF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of cases of RVF who underwent definitive surgery between November 2000 and September 2016 in a single institution. RESULTS: Of the 244 female patients with anorectal anomalies treated in our institution over a 16-year period, there were 15 cases of RVF with anorectal agenesis giving it an incidence of 6%...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361842/quality-of-life-in-dyspepsia-and-its-subgroups-using-eq-5d-euroqol-questionnaire
#2
Anurag J Shetty, Girisha Balaraju, Shiran Shetty, Cannanore G Pai
BACKGROUND/AIM: Dyspepsia has a significant impact on the quality of life. Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) can be assessed by disease-specific and generic HRQoL instruments. The present study evaluated HRQoL and compared it among dyspepsia subgroups by using EQ (Euro QoL)-5D questionnaire. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with abnormal findings on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were classified to have organic dyspepsia, whereas those with normal endoscopy were classified as functional dyspepsia if they met the ROME III criteria or as endoscopy negative recent dyspepsia if symptom duration was <6 months...
March 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335384/localization-and-tracking-of-implantable-biomedical-sensors
#3
REVIEW
Ilknur Umay, Barış Fidan, Billur Barshan
Implantable sensor systems are effective tools for biomedical diagnosis, visualization and treatment of various health conditions, attracting the interest of researchers, as well as healthcare practitioners. These systems efficiently and conveniently provide essential data of the body part being diagnosed, such as gastrointestinal (temperature, pH, pressure) parameter values, blood glucose and pressure levels and electrocardiogram data. Such data are first transmitted from the implantable sensor units to an external receiver node or network and then to a central monitoring and control (computer) unit for analysis, diagnosis and/or treatment...
March 13, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268316/improving-resolution-of-robotic-capsule-locomotion-using-dynamic-electromagnetic-field
#4
Fahad N Alsunaydih, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet R Yuce
This paper describes a new method to control the motion of swallowable wireless capsule endoscopy devices. A dynamic magnetic field produced by a set of external magnetic coils is used to manage the locomotion of the capsule. A permanent magnet is embedded into the capsule in order to manipulate the capsule by changing the external magnetic field strength for each specific position. The dynamic magnetic field is externally controlled to reach and maintain the equilibrium state for holding the capsule in a specific location...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256150/an-immobile-postsurgical-nasojejunal-tube-a-case-for-king-arthur
#5
Rui Morais, Margarida Marques, Susana Rodrigues, Guilherme Macedo
A patient was referred to an Endoscopy Unit for removal of a nasojejunal feeding tube that was previously inserted one week before during gastric surgery. Upper endoscopy revealed the nasojejunal tube sutured to the gastric wall and it was then removed with hot biopsy forceps. This case represents an uncommon complication of gastric surgery and highlights that a nasojejunal feeding tube should only be positioned after the suturing procedures and the mobility of the tube should always be tested during surgery...
March 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236012/application-of-a-computer-assisted-flexible-endoscope-system-for-transoral-surgery-of-the-hypopharynx-and-upper-esophagus
#6
Daniel T Friedrich, M O Scheithauer, J Greve, N Rotter, J Doescher, T K Hoffmann, P J Schuler
Zenker's diverticulum is a common pathology in the transition zone of the posterior hypopharynx and esophagus. Surgical treatment is routinely performed by ENT and general surgeons. Besides the traditional open transcervical diverticulectomy, the introduction of transoral rigid treatment led to a paradigm change and is now the preferred treatment option for patients who are fit for general anesthesia. The implementation of interventional flexible endoscopy has opened another new micro-invasive approach for patients with high morbidity...
February 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226477/improving-resolution-of-robotic-capsule-locomotion-using-dynamic-electromagnetic-field
#7
Fahad N Alsunaydih, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet R Yuce, Fahad N Alsunaydih, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet R Yuce, Jean-Michel Redoute, Mehmet R Yuce, Fahad N Alsunaydih
This paper describes a new method to control the motion of swallowable wireless capsule endoscopy devices. A dynamic magnetic field produced by a set of external magnetic coils is used to manage the locomotion of the capsule. A permanent magnet is embedded into the capsule in order to manipulate the capsule by changing the external magnetic field strength for each specific position. The dynamic magnetic field is externally controlled to reach and maintain the equilibrium state for holding the capsule in a specific location...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125399/prevalence-of-cancer-screening-among-adults-with-disabilities-united-states-2013
#8
C Brooke Steele, Julie S Townsend, Elizabeth A Courtney-Long, Monique Young
INTRODUCTION: Many studies on cancer screening among adults with disabilities examined disability status only, which masks subgroup differences. We examined prevalence of receipt of cancer screening tests by disability status and type. METHODS: We used 2013 National Health Interview Survey data to assess prevalence of 1) guideline-concordant mammography, Papanicolaou (Pap) tests, and endoscopy and stool tests; 2) physicians' recommendations for these tests; and 3) barriers to health-care access among adults with and without disabilities (defined as difficulty with cognition, hearing, vision, or mobility)...
January 26, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769078/measuring-gaze-patterns-during-colonoscopy-a-useful-tool-to-evaluate-colon-inspection
#9
Vincent K Dik, Ignace T C Hooge, Martijn G H van Oijen, Peter D Siersema
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Considerable variation in adenoma detection has been shown between endoscopists, which may be explained by differences in colon inspection. Eye-tracking technology is an objective tool that detects differences in viewing patterns. We investigated the feasibility of eye-tracking technology during real-time, self-performed colonoscopies. METHODS: In this pilot study, 10 endoscopists performed two colonoscopies each. A mobile eye-tracking system to register the right eye position was used to determine the gaze across four areas of interest of the endoscopy monitor (upper, lower, left, and right quadrant)...
December 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744661/endoscopic-ultrasonography-in-the-diagnosis-of-gastric-subepithelial-lesions
#10
REVIEW
Eun Jeong Gong, Do Hoon Kim
Subepithelial lesions occasionally found in the stomach of patients undergoing endoscopy may be either benign lesions or tumors with malignant potential. They may also appear due to extrinsic compression. Discrimination of gastric subepithelial lesions begins with meticulous endoscopic examination for size, shape, color, mobility, consistency, and appearance of the overlying mucosa. Accurate diagnosis can be achieved with endoscopic ultrasonography, which provides useful information on the exact size, layer-of-origin, and characteristic morphologic features to support a definitive diagnosis...
September 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27342405/diagnosis-and-management-of-unilateral-thyroarytenoid-muscle-palsy
#11
Ujimoto Konomi, Ryoji Tokashiki, Hiroyuki Hiramatsu, Masanobu Kumada
The objective of this study is to assess and propose a method of diagnosis and management of patients with unilateral thyroarytenoid muscle palsy (TAMP). This is a retrospective review of clinical records. The records of seven patients diagnosed as having idiopathic TAMP were reviewed. Despite the adductive and abductive functions of the vocal folds being within normal range, apparent palsy was seen in the unilateral thyroarytenoid muscle of these patients. TAMP was confirmed by laryngeal electromyography, and the adductive and abductive movements of the vocal folds were evaluated as the mobility of the arytenoid cartilages by three-dimensional computed tomography and endoscopy...
November 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27322809/contemporary-management-of-achalasia-by-pediatric-surgeons-a-survey-of-the-international-pediatric-endosurgical-group
#12
Joanna L Gould, Rebecca M Rentea, Shawn D St Peter
INTRODUCTION: Achalasia is a rare neurodegenerative disorder of the esophagus. Surgical repair consists of esophagomyotomy, often in conjunction with an antireflux procedure. We sought to determine practice patterns in surgical treatment of pediatric achalasia. METHODS: Data regarding preferences were collected as part of a comprehensive online-based survey sent to members of the International Pediatric Endosurgery Group (IPEG) completed by 191 surgeons of which 141 performed esophagomyotomies for achalasia...
July 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27261077/a-matched-pairs-analysis-of-non-rib-spreading-fully-endoscopic-mini-incision-technique-versus-conventional-mini-thoracotomy-for-mitral-valve-repair
#13
Sumi Westhofen, Lenard Conradi, Tobias Deuse, Christian Detter, Eik Vettorazzi, Hendrik Treede, Hermann Reichenspurner
OBJECTIVES: Advances in video-assistance lead to an increase in minimal access mitral valve surgery (MAMVS) with decreased incision size yet maintaining the same quality of surgery. Further reduction in surgical trauma and at the same time improved visual guidance can be achieved by a non-rib-spreading fully 3D endoscopic technique (NRS-3D). We compared patients who underwent MAMVS either through an NRS fully 3D endoscopic or rib-spreading (RS) access in a retrospective matched-pair analysis...
December 2016: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221571/mobile-endoscopy-vs-video-tower-a-prospective-comparison-of-video-quality-and-diagnostic-accuracy
#14
Hao Liu, Salwa Akiki, Nicholas J Barrowman, Matthew Bromwich
OBJECTIVE: To determine if any significant difference exists between endoscopic videos captured with a mobile adaptor and videos captured with a traditional tower. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective controlled blinded comparison of mobile endoscopic videos captured through 2 methods. METHODS: Thirty randomly selected patients underwent video endoscopy with both mobile and video tower recording methods. Sixty videos were edited into a series of 10-second clips...
October 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221130/acute-gastric-volvulus-associated-with-wandering-spleen-in-an-adult-treated-laparoscopically-after-endoscopic-reduction-a-case-report
#15
Jiro Omata, Katsuyuki Utsunomiya, Yoshiki Kajiwara, Risa Takahata, Nobuo Miyasaka, Hidekazu Sugasawa, Naoko Sakamoto, Yoji Yamagishi, Makiko Fukumura, Daiki Kitagawa, Mitsuhiko Konno, Yasushi Okusa, Michinori Murayama
A 43-year-old female was referred to our hospital for sudden onset of abdominal pain, fullness, and vomiting. Physical examination revealed abdominal distension with mild epigastric tenderness. Abdominal radiography showed massive gastric distension and plain computed tomography (CT) a markedly enlarged stomach filled with gas and fluid. A large volume of gastric contents was suctioned out via a nasogastric (NG) tube. Contrast-enhanced CT showed a grossly distended stomach with displacement of the antrum above the gastroesophageal junction, and the spleen was dislocated inferiorly...
December 2016: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27064743/an-ingested-mobile-phone-in-the-stomach-may-not-be-amenable-to-safe-endoscopic-removal-using-current-therapeutic-devices-a-case-report
#16
Obinna Obinwa, David Cooper, James M O'Riordan
INTRODUCTION: This case report is intended to inform clinicians, endoscopists, policy makers and industry of our experience in the management of a rare case of mobile phone ingestion. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 29-year-old prisoner presented to the Emergency Department with vomiting, ten hours after he claimed to have swallowed a mobile phone. Clinical examination was unremarkable. Both initial and repeat abdominal radiographs eight hours later confirmed that the foreign body remained in situ in the stomach and had not progressed along the gastrointestinal tract...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058749/hybrid-laparoendoscopic-approaches-to-endoscopically-unresectable-colon-polyps
#17
REVIEW
Nava Aslani, Nawar A Alkhamesi, Christopher M Schlachta
Secondary prevention of colorectal cancer relies on effective screening through colonoscopy and polypectomy. Resection of some polyps can present technical challenges particularly when polyps are large, flat, or behind colonic folds. Laparoscopy as an adjunct to endoscopy can aid in removing difficult colonic polyps without subjecting patients to radical segmental colectomy. Hybrid laparoendoscopic techniques are increasingly reported in literature as alternatives to segmental colectomy for the treatment of polyps that have a high likelihood of being benign...
August 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27045930/2015-american-journal-of-gastroenterology-lecture-how-digital-health-will-transform-gastroenterology
#18
REVIEW
Brennan Spiegel
Our patients spend most of their lives far away from an examination room. If we are truly going to capture our patients' attention and engage them in their care, then we must reach beyond the four walls of the clinic, hospital, or endoscopy suite. This is the vision of the digital health movement-an effort to monitor patients remotely and dynamically with mobile health ("mHealth") smartphone applications, electronic health record portals, social media, and wearable biosensors to improve health care outside of the clinical trenches...
May 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26984287/thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer-with-situs-inversus-totalis-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Naoto Ujiie, Toru Nakano, Takashi Kamei, Hirofumi Ichikawa, Go Miyata, Ko Onodera, Noriaki Ohuchi
A 63-year-old male visited our hospital, complaining of discomfort when swallowing. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 2 tumor in the middle thoracic esophagus, which was diagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma by endoscopic biopsy. Computed tomography revealed situs inversus totalis (SIT). We assessed the relationship of the esophagus with neighboring organs using preoperative three-dimensional imaging. We performed thoracoscopic esophagectomy with radical lymph node dissection in the right decubitus position and hand-assisted laparoscopic gastric mobilization in the supine position...
June 2016: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26968066/the-role-of-polysomnography-in-tracheostomy-decannulation-of-the-paediatric-patient
#20
Jennifer Lee, Marlene A Soma, Arthur Y Teng, Ganesh Thambipillay, Karen A Waters, Alan T Cheng
INTRODUCTION: Tracheostomy decannulation in the paediatric patient is usually considered when there is resolution or significant improvement in the original indication for the tracheostomy. The child's cardiorespiratory function needs to be optimized and assessment of the readiness for decannulation is generally by endoscopic evaluation to confirm airway patency and vocal cord mobility. Functional airway assessment procedures include downsizing the tracheostomy, adding fenestration, speaking valves and capping the tracheostomy tube...
April 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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