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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435775/quercetin-prevents-in-vivo-and-in-vitro-myocardial-hypertrophy-through-the-proteasome-gsk-3-pathway
#1
Kuixiang Chen, Mubarak Rekep, Wei Wei, Qian Wu, Qin Xue, Sujuan Li, Jiahui Tian, Quan Yi, Genshui Zhang, Guiping Zhang, Qing Xiao, Jiandong Luo, Yinghua Liu
PURPOSE: Quercetin, a flavonoid, has been reported to ameliorate cardiovascular diseases, such as cardiac hypertrophy. However, the mechanism is not completely understood. In this study, a mechanism related to proteasome-glycogen synthesis kinase 3 (GSK-3) was elucidated in rats and primary neonatal cardiomyocytes. METHODS: Rats were subjected to sham or constriction of abdominal aorta surgery groups and treated with or without quercetin for 8 weeks. Angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced primary cardiomyocytes were cultured with quercetin treatment or not for 48 h...
February 12, 2018: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430770/structuring-of-hydrogels-across-multiple-length-scales-for-biomedical-applications
#2
REVIEW
Megan E Cooke, Simon W Jones, Britt Ter Horst, Naiem Moiemen, Martyn Snow, Gurpreet Chouhan, Lisa J Hill, Maryam Esmaeli, Richard J A Moakes, James Holton, Rajpal Nandra, Richard L Williams, Alan M Smith, Liam M Grover
The development of new materials for clinical use is limited by an onerous regulatory framework, which means that taking a completely new material into the clinic can make translation economically unfeasible. One way to get around this issue is to structure materials that are already approved by the regulator, such that they exhibit very distinct physical properties and can be used in a broader range of clinical applications. Here, the focus is on the structuring of soft materials at multiple length scales by modifying processing conditions...
February 12, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423009/negatively-charged-aerosol-improves-burn-wound-healing-by-promoting-enos-dependent-angiogenesis
#3
Jingling Zhao, Fei Zhou, Lei Chen, Bin Shu, Qiyi Zhai, Jun Wu, Xusheng Liu, Shaohai Qi, Yingbin Xu
Aerosols exist in the form of liquid or solid particles that stably suspending in air. Our previous studies have found that aerosol can accelerate chronic wound healing. However, the biological effects of aerosol in burn wound healing and the underlying molecular mechanism remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the effects of aerosol on the healing of deep partial-thickness burn wounds and its regulatory mechanisms. By employing a self-controlled model of rats, we demonstrated that aerosol treatment not only increased the healing rate, but also improved the healing quality of deep partial-thickness burn wounds...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407840/iron-oxide-clay-composite-vectors-on-long-distance-transport-of-arsenic-and-toxic-metals-in-mining-affected-areas
#4
Miguel A Gomez-Gonzalez, Mario Villalobos, Jose Francisco Marco, Javier Garcia-Guinea, Eduardo Bolea, Francisco Laborda, Fernando Garrido
Mine wastes from abandoned exploitations are sources of high concentrations of hazardous metal(oid)s. Although these contaminants can be attenuated by sorbing to secondary minerals, in this work we identified a mechanism for long-distance dispersion of arsenic and metals through their association to mobile colloids. We characterize the colloids and their sorbed contaminants using spectrometric and physicochemical fractionation techniques. Mechanical action through erosion may release and transport high concentrations of colloid-associated metal(oid)s towards nearby stream waters, promoting their dispersion from the contamination source...
January 27, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404461/cat-2003-a-novel-sterol-regulatory-element-binding-protein-inhibitor-that-reduces-steatohepatitis-plasma-lipids-and-atherosclerosis-in-apolipoprotein-e-3-leiden-mice
#5
Michael Zimmer, Pradeep Bista, Ericka L Benson, Diana Y Lee, Feng Liu, Dominic Picarella, Rick B Vega, Chi B Vu, Maisy Yeager, Min Ding, Guosheng Liang, Jay D Horton, Robert Kleemann, Teake Kooistra, Martine C Morrison, Peter Y Wielinga, Jill C Milne, Michael R Jirousek, Andrew J Nichols
CAT-2003 is a novel conjugate of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and niacin designed to be hydrolyzed by fatty acid amide hydrolase to release EPA inside cells at the endoplasmic reticulum. In cultured liver cells, CAT-2003 blocked the maturation of sterol regulatory element-binding protein (SREBP)-1 and SREBP-2 proteins and decreased the expression of multiple SREBP target genes, including HMGCR and PCSK9. Consistent with proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) reduction, both low-density lipoprotein receptor protein at the cell surface and low-density lipoprotein particle uptake were increased...
June 2017: Hepatology communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401458/sem1-links-proteasome-stability-and-specificity-to-multicellular-development
#6
Miriam Kolog Gulko, Gabriele Heinrich, Carina Gross, Blagovesta Popova, Oliver Valerius, Piotr Neumann, Ralf Ficner, Gerhard H Braus
The transition from vegetative growth to multicellular development represents an evolutionary hallmark linked to an oxidative stress signal and controlled protein degradation. We identified the Sem1 proteasome subunit, which connects stress response and cellular differentiation. The sem1 gene encodes the fungal counterpart of the human Sem1 proteasome lid subunit and is essential for fungal cell differentiation and development. A sem1 deletion strain of the filamentous fungus Aspergillus nidulans is able to grow vegetatively and expresses an elevated degree of 20S proteasomes with multiplied ATP-independent catalytic activity compared to wildtype...
February 5, 2018: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29388027/risk-assessment-integrated-qbd-approach-for-development-of-optimized-bicontinuous-mucoadhesive-limicubes-for-oral-delivery-of-rosuvastatin
#7
Md Noushad Javed, Kanchan Kohli, Saima Amin
Statins are widely prescribed for hyperlipidemia, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease but are facing some inherent challenges such as low solubility and drug loading, higher hepatic metabolism, as well as instability at gastric pH. So, relatively higher circulating dose, required for exerting the therapeutic benefits, leads to dose-mediated severe toxicity. Furthermore, due to low biocompatibility, high toxicity, and other regulatory caveats such as product conformity, reproducibility, and stability of conventional formulations as well as preferentially higher bioabsorption of lipids in their favorable cuboidal geometry, enhancement in in vivo biopharmaceutical performance of Rosuvastatin could be well manifested in Quality by Design (QbD) integrated cuboidal-shaped mucoadhesive microcrystalline delivery systems (Limicubes)...
January 31, 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383134/long-non-coding-rna-deep-sequencing-reveals-the-role-of-macrophage-in-liver-disorders
#8
Zhang Lin, Hao Changfu, Zhao Fengling, Guo Wei, Bao Lei, Li Yiping, Zhang Miao, Yue Zhongzheng, Zhao Youliang, Duan Shuyin, Yao Wu
Liver disorders such as hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma are a series of the most life threatening diseases along with extensive inflammatory cellular infiltrations. Macrophage has been proved to be key regulators and initiators of inflammation, and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are recommended to play critical roles in the occurrence and development of a variety of diseases. To uncover the role of macrophage in liver disorders via lncRNA sequencing method, we first applied a lncRNA classification pipeline to identify 1247 lncRNAs represented on the Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430/430A 2...
December 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378827/cilia-length-and-intraflagellar-transport-regulation-by-kinases-pkg-1-and-gck-2-in-c-elegans-sensory-neurons
#9
Muniesh Muthaiyan Shanmugam, Prerana Bhan, Hsin-Yi Huang, Jung Hsieh, Tzu-En Hua, Gong-Her Wu, Helly Punjabi, Víctor Daniel Lee Aplícano, Chih-Wei Chen, Oliver Ingvar Wagner
To understand how ciliopathies such as polycystic kidney disease or Bardet-Biedl syndrome develop, we need to understand the basic molecular mechanisms underlying cilia development. Cilia growth depends on a functional intraflagellar transport (IFT) machinery, and we hypothesized that various kinases and phosphatases might be involved in this regulatory process. A candidate screen revealed two kinases PKG-1 (a cGMP-dependent protein kinase) and GCK-2 (a MAP4K3 kinase involved in mTOR signaling) significantly affecting dye filling, chemotaxis, cilia morphology, and IFT component distribution...
January 29, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376192/modifications-of-the-26s-proteasome-during-boar-sperm-capacitation
#10
Michal Zigo, Karl Kerns, Miriam Sutovsky, Peter Sutovsky
Protein ubiquitination is a stable, reversible post-translational modification, targeting proteins for degradation/recycling by the 26S proteasome in a well-characterized enzymatic cascade. Studies have revealed the role of UPS in the regulation of fertilization, including sperm-zona pellucida interactions and the early event of sperm capacitation. The present study investigates the changes in proteasome compartmentalization, subunit composition and post-translational modifications during in vitro capacitation of fresh boar spermatozoa...
January 29, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325290/-effect-of-hepatitis-c-virus-nonstructural-protein-5a-and-its-domains-ii-on-hepatocyte-gluconeogenesis-in-mice
#11
J J Zhang, Q Liu, L Qiao
Objective: To investigate the role of hepatitis C virus nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) and its domains I, II, and III in regulating gluconeogenesis in mice and the underlying mechanism. Methods: A total of 60 male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into six groups. Recombinant lentiviral particles with specific expression of full-length NS5A, NS5A domain I, NS5A domain II, or NS5A domain III were injected via the caudal vein to establish a mouse model, and the group without injection and the group with the injection of the lentiviral particles containing enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) were established as negative control...
December 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321323/hiv-1-vif-s-capacity-to-manipulate-the-cell-cycle-is-species-specific
#12
Edward L Evans, Jordan T Becker, Stephanie L Fricke, Kishan Patel, Nathan M Sherer
Cells derived from mice and other rodents exhibit profound blocks to HIV-1 virion production reflecting species-specific incompatibilities between viral Tat and Rev proteins and essential host factors Cyclin T1 (CCNT1) and Exportin-1 (XPO1, also known as CRM1), respectively. To determine if mouse cell blocks other than CCNT1 and XPO1 affect HIV's post-integration stages, we studied HIV-1NL4-3 gene expression in mouse NIH 3T3 cells modified to constitutively express HIV-1 compatible versions of CCNT1 and XPO1 (3T3...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317739/predicting-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-using-a-mass-fraction-approach-in-a-geostatistical-framework-across-north-carolina
#13
Jeanette M Reyes, Heidi F Hubbard, Matthew A Stiegel, Joachim D Pleil, Marc L Serre
Currently in the United States there are no regulatory standards for ambient concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), a class of organic compounds with known carcinogenic species. As such, monitoring data are not routinely collected resulting in limited exposure mapping and epidemiologic studies. This work develops the log-mass fraction (LMF) Bayesian maximum entropy (BME) geostatistical prediction method used to predict the concentration of nine particle-bound PAHs across the US state of North Carolina...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315824/cytokine-secreting-microparticles-engineer-the-fate-and-the-effector-functions-of-t-cells
#14
Fatemeh S Majedi, Mohammad Mahdi Hasani-Sadrabadi, Yoko Kidani, Timothy J Thauland, Alireza Moshaverinia, Manish J Butte, Steven J Bensinger, Louis-S Bouchard
T-cell immunotherapy is a promising approach for cancer, infection, and autoimmune diseases. However, significant challenges hamper its therapeutic potential, including insufficient activation, delivery, and clonal expansion of T-cells into the tumor environment. To facilitate T-cell activation and differentiation in vitro, core-shell microparticles are developed for sustained delivery of cytokines. These particles are enriched by heparin to enable a steady release of interleukin-2 (IL-2), the major T-cell growth factor, over 10+ d...
January 8, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290284/oral-cancer-derived-exosomal-nap1-enhances-cytotoxicity-of-natural-killer-cells-via-the-irf-3-pathway
#15
Yingnan Wang, Xing Qin, Xueqin Zhu, Wanjun Chen, Jianjun Zhang, Wantao Chen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of oral cancer-derived exosomes (OCEXs) on natural killer (NK) cells and to explore the underlying mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: OCEXs were isolated from the cell culture supernatant of oral cancer (OC) cells using ultrafiltration and affinity chromatography and were identified using electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA) and immunoblotting. The effects of OCEXs on NK cells were analyzed using laser scanning confocal microscopy and several functional assays of NK cells...
January 2018: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286281/molecular-structure-of-human-katp-in-complex-with-atp-and-adp
#16
Kenneth Pak Kin Lee, Jue Chen, Roderick MacKinnon
In many excitable cells KATP channels respond to intracellular adenosine nucleotides: ATP inhibits while ADP activates. We present two structures of the human pancreatic KATP channel, containing the ABC transporter SUR1 and the inward-rectifier K+ channel Kir6.2, in the presence of Mg2+ and nucleotides. These structures, referred to as quatrefoil and propeller forms, were determined by single-particle cryo-EM at 3.9 Å and 5.6 Å, respectively. In both forms ATP occupies the inhibitory site in Kir6.2. The nucleotide-binding domains of SUR1 are dimerized with Mg2+-ATP in the degenerate site and Mg2+-ADP in the consensus site...
December 29, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276995/characterization-and-ph-dependent-environmental-stability-of-arsenic-trioxide-containing-copper-smelter-flue-dust
#17
Alice Jarošíková, Vojtěch Ettler, Martin Mihaljevič, Petr Drahota, Adam Culka, Martin Racek
Increasing amounts of impurities (especially As) in Cu ores have aggravated the problem of flue dust generation in recent years. As an example from a smelter processing As-rich Cu ores, we characterized a flue dust particularly rich in As (>50 wt%) to understand its mineralogy and pH-dependent leaching behavior, with special emphasis on binding, release and solubility controls of inorganic contaminants (As, Bi, Cd, Cu, Pb, Sb, Zn). Whereas arsenolite (As2O3) was the major host for As and Sb, other contaminants were bound in sulfides, arsenates, alloys and slag-like particles...
December 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275468/targeting-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-in-cancer
#18
Waseem Anani, Michael R Shurin
Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSC) represent only a minor fraction of circulating blood cells but play an important role in tumor formation and progression. They are a heterogeneous group of cells that influence the tumor microenvironment by depletion of amino acids, oxidative stress, decreased trafficking of antitumor effector cells, and increased regulatory T and regulatory dendritic cell responses. Investigational treatment strategies targeting MDSCs have attempted to inhibit MDSC development and expansion (stem cell factor blockade, modulate of cell signaling, and target MDSC migration and recruitment), inhibit MDSC function (nitric oxide inhibition and reactive oxygen and nitrogen species inhibition), differentiate MDSCs into more mature cells (Vitamins A and D, all-trans retinoic acid, interleukin-2, toll-like receptor 9 inhibitors, taxanes, beta-glucan particles, tumor-derived exosome inhibition, and very small size proteoliposomes), and destroy MDSCs (cytotoxic agents, ephrin A2 degradation, anti-interleukin 13, and histamine blockers)...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273920/particulate-matter-concentration-levels-during-intense-haze-event-in-an-urban-environment
#19
Jamiu Adetayo Adeniran, Adeniyi Saheed Aremu, Yusuf Olatunji Saadu, Rafiu Olasunkanmi Yusuf
This study assessed concentration levels of particulate matter (PM) in the ambient environment of Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria, during haze episodes. Meteorological data (wind speed and direction, rainfall data, sunshine data, relative humidity and temperature) were obtained. Aerocet 531S particle counter (MetOne Instruments, USA) was used to measure four mass concentration ranges of PM (PM1.0, PM2.5, PM10 and the total suspended particles (TSP)) in 10 locations taking into consideration land use patterns. Surfer® version 8 (Golden Software LLC, USA) was used to model the spatial variation of particulate matter concentration levels using kriging interpolation griding method...
December 22, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260905/lncrna-tsix-promotes-osteoblast-apoptosis-in-particle-induced-osteolysis-by-down-regulating-mir-30a-5p
#20
Yanmin Bu, Dezhi Zheng, Lei Wang, Jun Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the role of TSIX/miR-30a-5p axis in particle-induced osteolysis (PIO). METHOD: PIO mouse model was established by the implantation of Co-Cr-Mo metal particles (CoPs). MC3T3-E1 cells received CoPs stimulation. Bone mineral density (BMD) in the skull was detected to evaluate PIO development. The expression of TSIX and miR-30a-5p was detected by using qRT-PCR. Osteoblast apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry. RNA pull-down was used to verify the regulatory relationship between TSIX and miR-30a-5p...
December 20, 2017: Connective Tissue Research
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