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Igf2 AND insulin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240779/impact-of-maternal-high-fat-diet-on-hypothalamic-transcriptome-in-neonatal-sprague-dawley-rats
#1
Sanna Barrand, Tamsyn M Crowley, Ryan J Wood-Bradley, Kirstie A De Jong, James A Armitage
Maternal consumption of a high fat diet during early development has been shown to impact the formation of hypothalamic neurocircuitry, thereby contributing to imbalances in appetite and energy homeostasis and increasing the risk of obesity in subsequent generations. Early in postnatal life, the neuronal projections responsible for energy homeostasis develop in response to appetite-related peptides such as leptin. To date, no study characterises the genome-wide transcriptional changes that occur in response to exposure to high fat diet during this critical window...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239100/insulin-like-growth-factor-2-expression-in-prostate-cancer-is-regulated-by-specific-promoter-methylation
#2
Stefan Küffer, Tobias Gutting, Djeda Belharazem, Christian Sauer, M S Michel, Alexander Marx, Lutz Trojan, Philipp Ströbel
Deregulation of the Insulin-like Growth Factor (IGF) axis and dysbalance of components of the IGF system as potential therapeutic targets have been described in different tumor types. IGF2 is a major embryonic growth factor and an important activator of IGF signaling. It is regulated by imprinting in a development- and tissue-dependent manner and has been implicated in a broad range of malignancies including prostate cancer (PCa). Loss of imprinting (LOI) usually results in bi-allelic gene expression and increased levels of IGF2...
December 14, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221996/vitrification-not-cryoprotectant-exposure-alters-the-expression-of-developmentally-important-genes-in-in-vitro-produced-porcine-blastocysts
#3
Louise K Bartolac, Jenna L Lowe, George Koustas, Christopher G Grupen, Cecilia Sjöblom
The vitrification of embryos is common practice in advanced livestock breeding programs and in human fertility clinics. Recent studies have revealed that vitrification results in aberrant expression of a number of stress related genes. However, few studies have examined the effect that vitrification has on developmentally important genes, and none have been conducted in porcine embryos. The aim of this study was to determine the effects that different vitrification procedures and cryoprotectant combinations have on the expression of imprinted genes in in vitro produced (IVP) porcine blastocysts...
December 5, 2017: Cryobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207103/epigenetic-alterations-of-the-igf2-promoter-and-the-effect-of-mir%C3%A2-483%C3%A2-5p-on-its-target-gene-expression-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#4
Han Zhang, Xiaowei Shi, Weidong Chang, Yingying Li, Li Wang, Linsong Wang
Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most widespread malignancies in China. MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are endogenous evolutionarily‑conserved small non‑coding RNAs that are able to regulate ESCC formation and deterioration by negatively regulating specific target genes. In the present study, the expression levels of miR‑483‑5p and its associated mRNAs were measured by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis, and the methylation levels of the insulin‑like growth factor 2 (Igf2) promoter were detected via the methylation‑specific PCR method in serum and tissues from patients with ESCC...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195026/effects-of-the-insulin-like-growth-factor-system-on-testicular-differentiation-and-function-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
R Cannarella, R A Condorelli, S La Vignera, A E Calogero
We recently described the occurrence of cryptorchidism, oligoasthenoteratozoospermia, and genital abnormalities in patients with distal 15q chromosome structural abnormalities. This observation brought us to hypothesize that insulin-like growth factor (IGF) receptor (IGF1R), mapping on the 15q 26.3 chromosomal band, may be involved in testicular function. To further evaluate this topic, we reviewed in vitro and in vivo studies exploring the role of the IGF system [IGF1, IGF2, IGF1R, insulin receptor substrates (IRS)] at the testicular level both in animals and in humans...
December 1, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181280/associations-of-igf2-and-drd2-polymorphisms-with-laying-traits-in-muscovy-duck
#6
Qiao Ye, Jiguo Xu, Xinfeng Gao, Hongjia Ouyang, Wei Luo, Qinghua Nie
Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and dopamine receptor 2 (DRD2) play important roles in ovarian follicular development. In this study, we analyzed tissue-specific expression of the Muscovy duck IGF2 and DRD2 genes and cloned those genes transcripts. Polymorphisms in these genes were tightly linked with egg production traits and both genes were highly expressed in the ovary. Moreover, we identified five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for IGF1 and 28 for DRD2. Mutations A-1864G and C-1704G of IGF2 were positively correlated with increased egg laying at 59 weeks (E59W) (P < 0...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161229/sex-and-dose-specific-effects-of-maternal-bisphenol-a-exposure-on-pancreatic-islets-of-first-and-second-generation-adult-mice-offspring
#7
Amita Bansal, Cetewayo Rashid, Frances Xin, Changhong Li, Erzsebet Polyak, Anna Duemler, Tom van der Meer, Martha Stefaniak, Sana Wajid, Nicolai Doliba, Marisa S Bartolomei, Rebecca A Simmons
BACKGROUND: Exposure to the environmental endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA) is ubiquitous and associated with the increased risk of diabetes and obesity. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. We recently demonstrated that perinatal BPA exposure is associated with higher body fat, impaired glucose tolerance, and reduced insulin secretion in first- (F1) and second-generation (F2) C57BL/6J male mice offspring. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the multigenerational effects of maternal bisphenol A exposure on mouse pancreatic islets...
September 27, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157910/vigilin-interacts-with-ctcf-and-is-involved-in-the-maintenance-of-imprinting-of-igf2-through-a-novel-rna-mediated-mechanism
#8
Xiaoqin Yu, Qiuying Liu, Jinyang He, Yuan Huang, Lei Jiang, Xiaoyan Xie, Ji Liu, Lihong Chen, Ling Wei, Yang Qin
Accumulating evidence has revealed the imprinting of insulin-like growth factor-2 gene (IGF2) is maintained by binding of CCCTC binding factor (CTCF) to the unmethylated imprinting control region (ICR) between IGF2 and H19 genes. We have previously reported that high-density lipoprotein binding protein (HDLBP/vigilin), a multiKH-domain protein, interacts with CTCF and coexists with it at several CTCF-binding sites on the ICR to regulate general gene expression of IGF2. However, the impact of the interaction on imprinting of IGF2 remains unclear...
November 17, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151450/identification-and-expression-analysis-of-cdna-encoding-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-in-horses
#9
Kohta Kikuchi, Keisuke Sasaki, Hiroki Akizawa, Hayato Tsukahara, Hanako Bai, Masashi Takahashi, Yasuo Nambo, Hiroshi Hata, Manabu Kawahara
Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is responsible for a broad range of physiological processes during fetal development and adulthood, but genomic analyses of IGF2 containing the 5'- and 3'-untranslated regions (UTRs) in equines have been limited. In this study, we characterized the IGF2 mRNA containing the UTRs, and determined its expression pattern in the fetal tissues of horses. The complete equine IGF2 mRNA sequence harboring another exon approximately 2.8 kb upstream from the canonical transcription start site was identified as a new transcript variant...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149730/divergence-of-insulin-superfamily-ligands-receptors-and-igf-binding-proteins-in-marine-versus-freshwater-stickleback-evidence-of-selection-in-known-and-novel-genes
#10
Tim Pellissier, Hend Al Nafea, Sara V Good
Three-spine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) is a teleost model for understanding genetic, physiological and morphological changes accompanying freshwater (FW) adaptation. There is growing evidence that the insulin superfamily plays important roles in traits involved in marine and FW adaptation. We performed a candidate gene analysis to look for evidence of selection on 33 insulin superfamily ligand-receptor genes and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (Igfbp's) in stickleback. Using genotype data from 11 marine and 10 FW populations, we calculated the number of SNPs per site in regulatory and intronic regions, the number of synonymous and nonsynonymous mutations in coding regions, Wright's fixation index (Fst), and performed t-tests to identify SNPs with divergent genotype frequencies between marine/FW versus Atlantic/Pacific populations...
November 10, 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136764/cardiac-apoptosis-induced-under-high-glucose-condition-involves-activation-of-igf2r-signaling-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts-and-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rat-hearts
#11
Chih-Chung Feng, Sudhir Pandey, Ching-Yuang Lin, Chia-Yao Shen, Ruey-Lin Chang, Tung-Ti Chang, Ray-Jade Chen, Vijaya Padma Viswanadha, Yueh-Min Lin, Chih-Yang Huang
The insulin-like growth factor type 2 receptor (IGF2R) overexpression has been implicated in heart disease progression. Unregulated IGF2R signaling triggers cardiac hypertrophy, apoptosis, and cardiomyopathies. The present study investigated the role of IGF2R in cardiomyocyte apoptosis under high glucose (HG) levels and in streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rat hearts. We found that IGF2 and IGF2R protein expression were highly upregulated under high glucose condition in H9c2 cells as well as in STZ induced diabetic rat hearts...
November 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123527/erythropoietin-increases-myelination-in-oligodendrocytes-gene-expression-profiling-reveals-early-induction-of-genes-involved-in-lipid-transport-and-metabolism
#12
Georgina Gyetvai, Trisha Hughes, Florence Wedmore, Cieron Roe, Lamia Heikal, Pietro Ghezzi, Manuela Mengozzi
Several studies have shown that erythropoietin (EPO) has neuroprotective or neuroreparative actions on diseases of the nervous system and that improves oligodendrocyte (OL) differentiation and myelination in vivo and in vitro. This study aims at investigating the early molecular mechanisms for the pro-myelinating action of EPO at the gene expression level. For this purpose, we used a differentiating OL precursor cell line, rat central glia-4 cells. Cells were differentiated or not, and then treated with EPO for 1 or 20 h...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115555/microrna-615-5p-targets-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-and-exerts-tumor-suppressing-functions-in-human-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Bingyin Yang, Rui Xie, Shang-Nong Wu, Cheng-Cheng Gao, Xiao-Zhong Yang, Jing-Fang Zhou
To investigate the expression pattern, clinical significance and functional roles of microRNA (miR)-615-5p in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), , quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect expression levels of miR‑615‑5p in ESCC tissues and cell lines. Associations between miR‑615‑5p expression and various clinicopathological features of ESCC patients were also statistically evaluated. The candidate targets of miR‑615‑5p were identified by integrating bioinformatics miRNA target prediction, western blot analysis and luciferase reporter assay...
November 6, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108634/maternal-growth-restriction-and-stress-exposure-in-rats-differentially-alters-expression-of-components-of-the-placental-glucocorticoid-barrier-and-nutrient-transporters
#14
Jessica F Briffa, Sogand S Hosseini, Melanie Tran, Karen M Moritz, James S M Cuffe, Mary E Wlodek
The placenta plays a major role in the development of fetal growth restriction, which affects 10% of pregnancies and contributes to chronic adult disease risk. We have reported that female rats born small develop cardiometabolic dysfunction only during pregnancy. The physiological tests performed during pregnancy induced a maternal stress response as indicated by increased maternal corticosterone concentrations. This stress effected placental growth compared to females who were unhandled during pregnancy. Maternal stress and growth restriction independently program F2 offspring metabolic dysfunction...
November 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099871/the-role-of-h19-a-long-non-coding-rna-in-mouse-liver-postnatal-maturation
#15
Chad Pope, Stephanie C Piekos, Liming Chen, Shashank Mishra, Xiao-Bo Zhong
H19 RNA is highly expressed at early postnatal ages and precipitously decreases at a specific time corresponding with increases in expression of genes important for mature liver function, such as drug metabolizing enzymes. H19's role in the regulation of liver maturation is currently unknown. Using an H19 knockout mouse model to determine the role of H19 in liver development, we quantified gene expression for insulin growth factor signaling, Wnt signaling, key cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes known to change as the liver develops, and fetal and adult plasma protein produced in liver...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099049/receptors-for-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-and-androgens-as-therapeutic-targets-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#16
Nalo Hamilton, David Austin, Diana Márquez-Garbán, Rudy Sanchez, Brittney Chau, Kay Foos, Yanyuan Wu, Jaydutt Vadgama, Richard Pietras
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) occurs in 10-15% of all breast cancer patients, yet it accounts for about half of all breast cancer deaths. There is an urgent need to identify new antitumor targets to provide additional treatment options for patients afflicted with this aggressive disease. Preclinical evidence suggests a critical role for insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF2) and androgen receptor (AR) in regulating TNBC progression. To advance this work, a panel of TNBC cell lines was investigated with all cell lines showing significant expression of IGF2...
November 2, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081343/lncrna-h19-and-target-gene-mediated-cleft-palate-induced-by-tcdd
#17
Li Yun Gao, Feng Quan Zhang, Wei Hui Zhao, Guang Liang Han, Xiao Wang, Qiang Li, Shan Shan Gao, Wei Dong Wu
This study investigated the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the development of the palatal tissues. Cleft palates in mice were induced by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). Expression levels of long non-coding RNA H19 (lncRNA H19) and insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) gene were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The rate of occurrence of cleft palate was found to be 100% by TCDD exposure, and TCDD could cause short upper limb, cerebral fissure, webbed neck, and short neck...
September 2017: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences: BES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073591/targeted-resequencing-of-putative-growth-related-genes-using-whole-exome-sequencing-in-patients-with-severe-primary-igf-i-deficiency
#18
Greta Grosse, Alina Hilger, Michael Ludwig, Heiko Reutter, Franziska Lorenzen, Gertrud Even, Paul-Martin Holterhus, Joachim Woelfle
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To elucidate the genetic causes of severe primary insulin-like growth factor-I deficiency (SPIGFD) by systematic, targeted, next-generation sequencing (NGS)-based resequencing of growth-related genes. METHODS: Clinical phenotyping followed by NGS in 17 families including 6 affected sib pairs. RESULTS: We identified disease-causing, heterozygous, de novo variants in HRAS (p.Gly13Cys) and FAM111A (p.Arg569His) in 2 male patients with syndromic SPIGFD...
October 26, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945762/nuclear-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-igf1r-displays-proliferative-and-regulatory-activities-in-non-malignant-cells
#19
Ravid Solomon-Zemler, Rive Sarfstein, Haim Werner
The insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF1R) mediates the biological actions of IGF1 and IGF2. The IGF1R is involved in both physiological and pathological activities and is usually overexpressed in most types of cancer. In addition to its classical mechanism of action, recent evidence has shown a nuclear presence of IGF1R, associated with novel genomic/transcriptional types of activities. The present study was aimed at evaluating the hypothesis that nuclear IGF1R localization is not restricted to cancer cells and might constitute a novel physiologically relevant regulatory mechanism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923480/impact-of-morphine-on-the-expression-of-insulin-receptor-and-protein-levels-of-insulin-igfs-in-rat-neural-stem-cells
#20
Sadegh Salarinasab, AliReza Nourazarian, Masoud Nikanfar, Nima Abdyazdani, Masoumeh Kazemi, Navid Feizy, Reza Rahbarghazi
Alzheimer's disease is correlated with neuronal degeneration and loss of neuronal precursors in different parts of the brain. It has been found disturbance in the homeostasis neural stem cells (NSCs) can cause neurodegeneration. Morphine, an analgesic agent, can disrupt the dynamic and normal state of NSCs. However, more investigations are required to clearly address underlying mechanisms. The current experiment aimed to investigate the effects of morphine on the cell distribution of insulin factor and receptor and insulin-like growth factors (IGF1, IGF2) in NSCs...
November 1, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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