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Igf2 AND insulin

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534511/stromal-derived-igf2-promotes-colon-cancer-progression-via-paracrine-and-autocrine-mechanisms
#1
C Unger, N Kramer, D Unterleuthner, M Scherzer, A Burian, A Rudisch, M Stadler, M Schlederer, D Lenhardt, A Riedl, S Walter, A Wernitznig, L Kenner, M Hengstschläger, J Schüler, W Sommergruber, H Dolznig
The insulin-like growth factor (IGF)2/IGF1 receptor (IGF1R) signaling axis has an important role in intestinal carcinogenesis and overexpression of IGF2 is an accepted risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC) development. Genetic amplifications and loss of imprinting contribute to the upregulation of IGF2, but insufficiently explain the extent of IGF2 expression in a subset of patients. Here, we show that IGF2 was specifically induced in the tumor stroma of CRC and identified cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) as the major source...
May 22, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533070/maternal-and-paternal-periconceptional-nutrition-as-an-indicator-of-offspring-metabolic-syndrome-risk-in-later-life-through-epigenetic-imprinting-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Ashley R Dunford, Janice M Sangster
AIMS: This review examined whether maternal and paternal periconceptional nutrition effects an offspring's likelihood of developing chronic metabolic related conditions due to epigenetic imprinting. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in multiple science databases and limited to studies published after 2012, in English language and peer reviewed. The data from selected articles were extracted and a qualitative approach was employed due to heterogeneity of results...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522536/a-placental-growth-factor-is-silenced-in-mouse-embryos-by-the-zinc-finger-protein-zfp568
#3
Peng Yang, Yixuan Wang, Don Hoang, Matthew Tinkham, Anamika Patel, Ming-An Sun, Gernot Wolf, Mairead Baker, Huan-Chieh Chien, Kuan-Yu Nick Lai, Xiaodong Cheng, Che-Kun James Shen, Todd S Macfarlan
Insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) is the major fetal growth hormone in mammals. We identify zinc finger protein 568 (ZFP568), a member of the rapidly evolving Kruppel-associated box-zinc finger protein (KRAB-ZFP) family linked primarily to silencing of endogenous retroelements, as a direct repressor of a placental-specific Igf2 transcript (designated Igf2-P0) in mice. Loss of Zfp568, which causes gastrulation failure, or mutation of the ZFP568-binding site at the Igf2-P0 promoter causes inappropriate Igf2-P0 activation...
May 19, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521298/insulin-like-growth-factor-2-axis-supports-the-serum-independent-growth-of-malignant-rhabdoid-tumor-and-is-activated-by-microenvironment-stress
#4
Ting Li, Jin Wang, Pengfei Liu, Jiadong Chi, Han Yan, Lei Lei, Zexing Li, Bing Yang, Xi Wang
Malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRTs) are rare, lethal, pediatric tumors predominantly found in the kidney, brain and soft tissues. MRTs are driven by loss of tumor suppressor SNF5/INI1/SMARCB1/BAF47. The prognosis of MRT is poor using currently available treatments, so new treatment targets need to be identified to expand treatment options for patients experiencing chemotherapy resistance. The growth hormone insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) signaling pathway is a promising target to overcome drug resistance in many cancers...
May 4, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484844/urinary-transcript-quantitation-of-ck20-and-igf2-for-the-non-invasive-bladder-cancer-detection
#5
Karsten Salomo, Doreen Huebner, Manja U Boehme, Alexander Herr, Werner Brabetz, Ulrike Heberling, Oliver W Hakenberg, Daniela Jahn, Marc-Oliver Grimm, Daniel Steinbach, Marcus Horstmann, Michael Froehner, Manfred P Wirth, Susanne Fuessel
PURPOSE: Cytokeratin 20 (CK20) and insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) were previously proposed to be elevated in clinical samples from patients with bladder cancer (BCa). A two cohort design validation study was used to assess the relevance for BCa detection by transcript quantitation of both markers in urine samples. Their diagnostic value was assessed in comparison with voided urine cytology (VUC). METHODS: RNA isolation was carried out using cellular sediments of urine samples from 196/103 histologically positive BCa patients, as well as 97/50 control subjects for the test (TC) and validation cohort (VC), respectively...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472298/adiponectin-stimulates-lipid-metabolism-via-ampk-in-rabbit-blastocysts
#6
Maria Schindler, Mareike Pendzialek, Katarzyna Joanna Grybel, Tom Seeling, Jacqueline Gürke, Bernd Fischer, Anne Navarrete Santos
STUDY QUESTION: How does a maternal diabetic hyperadiponectineamia affect signal transduction and lipid metabolism in rabbit preimplantation blastocysts? SUMMARY ANSWER: In a diabetic pregnancy increased levels of adiponectin led to a switch in embryonic metabolism towards a fatty acid-dependent energy metabolism, mainly affecting genes that are responsible for fatty acid uptake and turnover. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although studies in cell culture experiments have shown that adiponectin is able to regulate lipid metabolism via 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), data on the effects of adiponectin on embryonic lipid metabolism are not available...
May 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471495/prognostic-implication-and-functional-role-of-long-noncoding-rna-igf2as-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#7
Xin Zhang, Xiujuan Zhang, Rongpeng Hu, Lanxiang Hao
PURPOSE: Emerging evidence shows that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play important roles in human cancer. In this work, we examined the expression, prognostic implication and functional mechanisms of a lncRNA, insulin growth factor 2 antisense (IGF2AS) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: IGF2AS gene expression was examined by qPCR in both in situ NSCLC clinical samples and in vitro NSCLC cell lines. In patients with NSCLC, postoperative overall survival was estimated according to endogenous IGF2AS expression in their cancerous lung tissues...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468839/human-relaxins-rlnh1-rlnh2-their-receptor-rxfp1-and-fetoplacental-growth
#8
Kelly Yamasato, Pai-Jong Stacy Tsai, James Davis, Sandra Yamamoto, Gillian Bryant-Greenwood
Relaxin, a systemic and placental hormone, has potential roles in fetoplacental growth. Human placenta expresses two RLN genes, RLNH1 and RLNH2. Maternal obesity is common and is associated with abnormal fetal growth. Our aims were to relate systemic and cord blood RLNH2, placental RLNs and their receptor (RXFP1) with fetoplacental growth in context of maternal body mass index, and associations with insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) in the same placentas. Systemic, cord blood and placental samples were collected prior to term labor, divided by prepregnancy body mass index: underweight/normal (N=25) and overweight/obese (N=44)...
May 3, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460554/serum-levels-and-apai-polymorphism-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-on-intrauterine-growth-restriction-infants
#9
Monica G Hăşmăşanu, Melinda Baizat, Lucia Maria Procopciuc, Ligia Blaga, Mădălina A Văleanu, Tudor C Drugan, Gabriela C Zaharie, Sorana D Bolboacă
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the IGF2 and IGF2R plasmatic level and IGF2-ApaI polymorphism on infants with intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A transversal study was conducted at the Neonatology Ward of the Gynecology Clinic I, Emergency Hospital Cluj-Napoca on neonates with IUGR who were discharged during June 2014 and June 2015. The serum levels of IGF2 and IGF2R were obtained by using ELISA method and IGF2-ApaI polymorphism by taking PCR-RFLP analysis...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417351/detrimental-effect-of-maternal-and-post-weaning-high-fat-diet-on-the-reproductive-function-in-the-adult-female-offspring-rat-roles-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-and-the-ovarian-circadian-clock
#10
Yu-Ju Lin, Ching-Chou Tsai, Li-Tung Huang, Jiunn-Ming Sheen, Mao-Meng Tiao, Hong-Ren Yu, Chih-Cheng Chen, You-Lin Tain
PURPOSE: We evaluate the impact of maternal and post-weaning high-fat (HF) diet on ovarian follicular population, steroidogenesis, and gene expression with a focus on the circadian clock system and insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2) in adult offspring ovaries, and to elucidate whether a maternal and post-weaning diet confers similar risks. METHODS: Virgin Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with normal chow (C) diet or HF diet for 5 weeks before mating, during gestation, and lactation...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410230/insulin-growth-factor-binding-protein-2-mediates-the-progression-of-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#11
Xiangke Li, Xiaolei Liu, Linda Zhang, Chenggang Li, Erik Zhang, Wang Ma, Qingxia Fan, Jane J Yu
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a progressive pulmonary disease that almost exclusively affects women. LAM cells migrate to the lungs, where they cause cystic destruction of lung parenchyma. Mutations in TSC1 or TSC2 lead to the activation of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex-1, a kinase that regulates growth factor-dependent protein translation, cell growth, and metabolism. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 2 (IGFBP2) binds insulin, IGF1 and IGF2 in circulation, thereby modulating cell survival, migration, and invasion in neoplasms...
March 30, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401096/regulation-of-the-embryonic-erythropoietic-niche-a-future-perspective
#12
REVIEW
Ayako Yumine, Stuart T Fraser, Daisuke Sugiyama
The production of red blood cells, termed erythropoiesis, occurs in two waves in the developing mouse embryo: first primitive erythropoiesis followed by definitive erythropoiesis. In the mouse embryo, both primitive and definitive erythropoiesis originates in the extra-embryonic yolk sac. The definitive wave then migrates to the fetal liver, fetal spleen and fetal bone marrow as these organs form. The fetal liver serves as the major organ for hematopoietic cell expansion and erythroid maturation after mid-gestation...
March 2017: Blood Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389567/large-scale-analysis-of-variation-in-the-insulin-like-growth-factor-family-in-humans-reveals-rare-disease-links-and-common-polymorphisms
#13
Peter Rotwein
The insulin-like growth factors IGF1 and IGF2 are closely related proteins that are essential for normal growth and development in humans and other species and play critical roles in many physiological and patho-physiological processes. IGF actions are mediated by trans-membrane receptors and modulated by IGF binding proteins. The importance of IGF actions in human physiology is strengthened by the rarity of inactivating mutations in their genes, and by the devastating impact caused by such mutations on normal development and somatic growth...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356085/cnv-discovery-for-milk-composition-traits-in-dairy-cattle-using-whole-genome-resequencing
#14
Yahui Gao, Jianping Jiang, Shaohua Yang, Yali Hou, George E Liu, Shengli Zhang, Qin Zhang, Dongxiao Sun
BACKGROUND: Copy number variations (CNVs) are important and widely distributed in the genome. CNV detection opens a new avenue for exploring genes associated with complex traits in humans, animals and plants. Herein, we present a genome-wide assessment of CNVs that are potentially associated with milk composition traits in dairy cattle. RESULTS: In this study, CNVs were detected based on whole genome re-sequencing data of eight Holstein bulls from four half- and/or full-sib families, with extremely high and low estimated breeding values (EBVs) of milk protein percentage and fat percentage...
March 29, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352664/intranasal-sirna-administration-reveals-igf2-deficiency-contributes-to-impaired-cognition-in-fragile-x-syndrome-mice
#15
Marta Pardo, Yuyan Cheng, Dmitry Velmeshev, Marco Magistri, Hagit Eldar-Finkelman, Ana Martinez, Mohammad A Faghihi, Richard S Jope, Eleonore Beurel
Molecular mechanisms underlying learning and memory remain imprecisely understood, and restorative interventions are lacking. We report that intranasal administration of siRNAs can be used to identify targets important in cognitive processes and to improve genetically impaired learning and memory. In mice modeling the intellectual deficiency of Fragile X syndrome, intranasally administered siRNA targeting glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β), histone deacetylase-1 (HDAC1), HDAC2, or HDAC3 diminished cognitive impairments...
March 23, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343662/epithelial-igf1r-is-dispensable-for-igf2-mediated-enhanced-intestinal-adaptation-in-retinoblastoma-deficient-mice
#16
Raphael C Sun, Pamela M Choi, Jose L Diaz-Miron, Joshua Sommovilla, Jun Guo, Christopher R Erwin, Brad W Warner
PURPOSE: Previously, we demonstrated enhanced adaptation after small bowel resection (SBR) in intestinal-specific retinoblastoma (Rb)-deficient mice along with elevated levels of insulin-like growth factor 2 (IGF2) expression within the villi. The purpose of this study was to verify that the insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) plays a role in this phenomenon. METHODS: Inducible and intestinal specific Rb and IGF1R double knockout mice (iRb/IGF1R-IKO) (n=4) and Rb single knockout mice (iRb-IKO) (n=5) underwent 50% mid SBR...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332771/prenatal-high-fat-diet-alters-placental-morphology-nutrient-transporter-expression-and-mtorc1-signaling-in-rat
#17
Lin Song, Bo Sun, Gretha J Boersma, Zachary A Cordner, Jianqun Yan, Timothy H Moran, Kellie L K Tamashiro
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine how the rat placenta and fetus respond to maternal high-fat (HF) diet during gestation and to identify the possible mechanisms. METHODS: Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were fed with standard chow (13.5% fat) or HF (60% fat) diet during gestation. Placentas were collected on gestation day 21. RESULTS: HF dams had greater fat mass, higher plasma leptin, lower plasma adiponectin, and impaired glucose tolerance during pregnancy...
March 23, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324020/paracrine-pathways-in-uterine-leiomyoma-stem-cells-involve-insulinlike-growth-factor-2-and-insulin-receptor-a
#18
Molly B Moravek, Ping Yin, John S Coon, Masanori Ono, Stacy A Druschitz, Saurabh S Malpani, Matthew T Dyson, Alfred W Rademaker, Jared C Robins, Jian-Jun Wei, J Julie Kim, Serdar E Bulun
Context: Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) are the most common benign tumors in women. Recently, three populations of leiomyoma cells were discovered on the basis of CD34 and CD49b expression, but molecular differences between these populations remain unknown. Objective: To define differential gene expression and signaling pathways in leiomyoma cell populations. Design: Cells from human leiomyoma tissue were sorted by flow cytometry into three populations: CD34+/CD49b+, CD34+/CD49b-, and CD34-/CD49b-...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250437/medaka-insulin-like-growth-factor-2-supports-self-renewal-of-the-embryonic-stem-cell-line-and-blastomeres-in-vitro
#19
Yongming Yuan, Yunhan Hong
Insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) regulate diverse processes including energy metabolism, cell proliferation and embryonic development. They activate the IGF signaling pathway via binding to cell surface receptors. Here we report an essential role of IGF2 in maintaining the pluripotency of embryonic stem (ES) cell from medaka (Oryzias latipes). The medaka igf2 gene was cloned for prokaryotically expression of IGF2 ligand and green fluorescent protein-tagged IGF2 namely IGF2:GFP. With flow cytometry analysis, we demonstrated that the IGF2:GFP can bind to the cultured ES cells from medaka and zebrafish respectively...
December 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249788/the-mrna-expression-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-igf1-is-decreased-in-the-rat-frontal-cortex-following-gamma-hydroxybutyrate-ghb-administration
#20
Erika Brolin, Jenny Johansson, Sofia Zelleroth, Shanti Diwakarla, Fred Nyberg, Alfhild Grönbladh, Mathias Hallberg
In recent years, growth hormone (GH), together with its secondary mediators insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and insulin-like growth factor-2 (IGF-2), have been highlighted for their beneficial effects in the central nervous system (CNS), in particular as cognitive enhancers. Cognitive processes, such as learning and memory, are known to be impaired in individuals suffering from substance abuse. In the present study, we investigated the effect of gamma-hydroxybuturate (GHB), an illicit drug used for its sedating and euphoric properties, on genes associated with the somatotrophic axis in regions of the brain important for cognitive function...
February 27, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
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