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Pharmacist remuneration

Meagen M Rosenthal, Nimisha Desai, Sherilyn K D Houle
OBJECTIVES: As pharmacists expand their roles as patient care providers, remuneration must be offered for patient care activities apart from dispensing. Most jurisdictions paying for such services utilize the fee-for-service (FFS) model, while little is known about the role of pay for performance (P4P) within the pharmacy profession. This study aimed to elicit the experience of pharmacists practicing under both models within the Alberta Clinical Trial in Optimizing Hypertension (RxACTION) study in Alberta, Canada...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Thitaporn Thoopputra, Tipaporn Pongmesa, David Andrew Newby, Jennifer Schneider, Shu Chuen Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of providing diabetes risk assessment at community pharmacy level in Australia and Thailand from organizational aspects. METHODS: The intervention study was conducted in eight community pharmacies in New South Wales, Australia, and six community pharmacies in Central Thailand. Diabetes risk assessment tools were applied to determine the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. An open-ended question was asked to solicit the willingness-to-pay value for the service...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
Sherilyn K D Houle, Theresa L Charrois, Finlay A McAlister, Michael R Kolber, Meagen M Rosenthal, Richard Lewanczuk, Norman R C Campbell, Ross T Tsuyuki
BACKGROUND: To be sustainable, pharmacists providing direct patient care must receive appropriate payment for these services. This prespecified substudy of the RxACTION trial (a randomized trial of pharmacist prescribing vs usual care in patients with above-target blood pressure [BP]) aimed to determine if BP reduction achieved differed between patients whose pharmacist was paid by pay-for-performance (P4P) vs fee-for-service (FFS). METHODS: Within RxACTION, patients with elevated BP assigned to the pharmacist prescribing group were further randomized to P4P or FFS payment for the pharmacist...
November 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
Claudia Greißing, Katharina Kössler, Johanna Freyer, Lucie Hüter, Peter Buchal, Susanne Schiek, Thilo Bertsche
Background Pharmacist-led medication reviews have shown to prevent drug-related problems (DRPs). So far, data is rare about the implementation in routine care, the conditions for intensifying this service and the practical skills of community pharmacists to perform medication reviews. Objective To assess the current status of medication review implementation in German community pharmacies and the performance of identifying DRPs in a ficticious patient example. Setting German community pharmacies. Method An online survey was conducted from July to September 2015 including questions about medication reviews currently performed in routine care of community pharmacies and hidden DRPs in a ficticious patient example...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, M Taitel, J Rubin, I Jacinto, R Horta, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Improving influenza vaccination coverage has been, and still remains a challenge internationally. There are now many examples where countries have pursued a pharmacist-led influenza vaccination service in order to enhance vaccination coverage of at-risk populations. England, Portugal and the United States are successful examples where their experience implementing this service can now be explored retrospectively and learnt from. This review aims to provide evidence to help overcome barriers to commissioning and implementation of such services in countries new to the experience...
January 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Jah Nik, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Chirk Jenn Ng, Lynne Emmerton
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis has significant impact on healthcare costs and quality of life. Amongst the models for collaborative disease state management services published internationally, there is sparse evidence regarding the role of community pharmacists in the provision of osteoporosis care. Hence, the aim of our study was to explore community pharmacists' opinions (including the barriers and facilitators) and scope of osteoporosis disease state management services by community pharmacists in Malaysia, informing a vision for developing these services...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
Barbara Clyne, Janine A Cooper, Carmel M Hughes, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: The OPTI-SCRIPT cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) found that a three-phase multifaceted intervention including academic detailing with a pharmacist, GP-led medicines reviews, supported by web-based pharmaceutical treatment algorithms, and tailored patient information leaflets, was effective in reducing potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in Irish primary care. We report a process evaluation exploring the implementation of the intervention, the experiences of those participating in the study and lessons for future implementation...
2016: Trials
Ratna Sohanpal, Carol Rivas, Liz Steed, Virginia MacNeill, Valerie Kuan, Elizabeth Edwards, Chris Griffiths, Sandra Eldridge, Stephanie Taylor, Robert Walton
OBJECTIVES: To understand views of pharmacy advisers about smoker recruitment and retention in the National Health Service community pharmacy stop smoking programme. DESIGN: Thematic framework analysis of semistructured, in-depth interviews applying the Theoretical Domains Framework and COM-B behaviour change model. We aimed to identify aspects of adviser behaviour that might be modified to increase numbers joining and completing the programme. PARTICIPANTS: 25 stop smoking advisers (13 pharmacists and 12 support staff)...
2016: BMJ Open
Lina R Bader, Simon McGrath, Michael J Rouse, Claire Anderson
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists and health care professionals are faced with increasing and changing health care needs around the world. To meet these demands, they are required to continuously upgrade and develop their professions. Reprofessionalization is therefore crucial to the successful delivery of health services, but traditional theories might provide little practical guidance to evaluating the overall status of a profession. OBJECTIVE: This study proposes a new conceptual framework of three interrelated professional sectors: education, regulation and practice, and uses it to identify and analyze challenges facing the pharmacy profession in Jordan...
March 18, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
E Matthé, J Fraeyman, H De Loof, G De Myer
INTRODUCTION: Since October 2013, pharmacists can offer a new medicines counselling service (NMC). to asthma patients, who start a treatment with an inhaled corticosteroid. Although this individualized service can be organized at the request of the general practitioner (GP). the patient or the pharmacist, the uptake remains quite low. The limited involvement of GPs has already been identified as one of the obstacles to the successful implementation of this project. OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and opinions of GPs and pulmonologists about NMC...
December 2015: Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique
Yosi Wibowo, Bruce Sunderland, Jeffery Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To explore perspectives of physicians and pharmacists on diabetes service delivery within community pharmacies in Indonesia. METHODS: In depth interviews were conducted with 10 physicians and 10 community pharmacists in Surabaya, Indonesia, using a semi-structured interview guide. Nvivo version 9 was used to facilitate thematic content analysis to identify barriers/facilitators for community pharmacists to provide diabetes services. KEY FINDINGS: The identified themes indicating barriers/facilitators for diabetes service delivery within Indonesian community pharmacies included: (1) pharmacist factors - i...
May 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Ogochukwu Offu, Maureen Anetoh, Matthew Okonta, Obinna Ekwunife
OBJECTIVES: The Nigerian health sector battles with control of infectious diseases and emerging non-communicable diseases. Number of healthcare personnel involved in public health programs need to be boosted to contain the health challenges of the country. Therefore, it is important to assess whether community pharmacists in Nigeria could be engaged in the promotion and delivery of various public health interventions. This study aimed to assess level of knowledge, attitude and practice of public health by community pharmacists...
2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
Nicole Lowres, Ines Krass, Lis Neubeck, Julie Redfern, Andrew J McLachlan, Alexandra A Bennett, S Ben Freedman
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation guidelines advocate screening to identify undiagnosed atrial fibrillation. Community pharmacies may provide an opportunistic venue for such screening. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experience of implementing an atrial fibrillation screening service from the pharmacist's perspective including: the process of study implementation; the perceived benefits; the barriers and enablers; and the challenges for future sustainability of atrial fibrillation screening within pharmacies...
December 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Manuel J Carvajal, Ioana Popovici
BACKGROUND: Recent years have seen significant growth in part-time work among pharmacy personnel. If preferences and outlooks of part-time and full-time workers differ, job-related incentives may not have the same effect on both groups; different management practices may be necessary to cope with rapidly evolving workforces. OBJECTIVE: To compare wage-and-salary responses to the number of hours worked, human-capital stock, and job-related preferences between full-time and part-time pharmacists...
March 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Jean Rémi Valiquette, Pascal Bédard
OBJECTIVES: To describe the knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of Quebec's pharmacists towards immunization and determine their perceived barriers to pharmacist-led immunization. METHODS: The current study was a descriptive survey of pharmacists working in a community setting in Quebec. Pharmacists were randomly chosen from a list of Quebec's community pharmacies and were contacted by phone from January 17 to 25, 2013. Participating pharmacists were given a web link to the online questionnaire...
March 2015: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Sílvia Filipa Martins, J W Foppe van Mil, Filipa Alves da Costa
BACKGROUND: The role of the pharmacist has undergone profound changes over the recent years. In most European countries, the tendency seems to be that pharmacists are moving from being product-oriented to service-oriented. An interesting series of papers describing care related services of pharmacy in various countries has been published in 2006, but much has changed since then. This paper aims to provide an updated view on the overall health care sector in Europe, with a special focus on services in community pharmacy...
October 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Alicia Quella, Douglas M Brock, Roderick S Hooker
This study sought to assess physician assistant (PA) wages, make comparisons with other healthcare professionals, and project their earnings to 2025. The Bureau of Labor Statistics PA employment datasets were probed, and 2013 wages were used to explore median wage differences between large employer categories and 14 years of historical data (2000-2013). Median wages of PAs, family physicians and general practitioners, pharmacists, registered nurses, advanced practice nurses, and physical therapists were compared...
June 2015: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Fahad Alzahrani, Jeff Taylor, Jason Perepelkin, Kerry Mansell
OBJECTIVE: To describe the practice experiences of Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE) pharmacists in Saskatchewan and determine what impact the CDE designation has had on their personal practices. METHODS: A qualitative research approach was used. All pharmacists in Saskatchewan were e-mailed about the study, and eventually, a purposive sampling method was used to select a range of CDE pharmacists. Semistructured, in-person interviews were performed. An interview guide was developed to assess the work activities performed, the benefits of becoming a CDE and the challenges and resultant solutions that optimize their CDE designations...
August 2015: Canadian Journal of Diabetes
Amy C W Tah, Lynne M Emmerton, H Laetitia Hattingh, Adam La Caze
OBJECTIVE: Many of Australia' s rural hospitals operate without an on-site pharmacist. In some, community pharmacists have sessional contracts to provide medication management services to inpatients. This paper discusses the funding arrangements of identified sessional employment models to raise awareness of options for other rural hospitals. METHODS: Semistructured one-on-one interviews were conducted with rural pharmacists with experience in a sessional employment role (n =8) or who were seeking sessional arrangements (n = 4)...
June 2015: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
Hanni P Puspitasari, Parisa Aslani, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: As primary healthcare professionals, community pharmacists have both opportunity and potential to contribute to the prevention and progression of chronic diseases. Using cardiovascular disease (CVD) as a case study, we explored factors that influence community pharmacists' everyday practice in this area. We also propose a model to best illustrate relationships between influencing factors and the scope of community pharmacy practice in the care of clients with established CVD...
2014: PloS One
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