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Pharmacist remuneration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623124/development-and-implementation-of-the-compensation-plan-for-pharmacy-services-in-alberta-canada
#1
Rene R Breault, Jeff G Whissell, Christine A Hughes, Theresa J Schindel
OBJECTIVE: To describe experiences with development and implementation of a compensation plan for pharmacy services delivered by pharmacists in community pharmacies. SETTING: Community pharmacy practice in Alberta, Canada. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists in Alberta have one of the most progressive scopes of practice in North America. They have authority to prescribe drugs independently, administer drugs by injection, access electronic health records, and order laboratory tests...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583302/implementation-of-a-mental-health-medication-management-intervention-in-australian-community-pharmacies-facilitators-and-challenges
#2
H Laetitia Hattingh, Fiona Kelly, Jane Fowler, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are in an ideal position to promote and provide mental health medication management services. However, formalised or structured pharmacy services to support consumers with mental health conditions are scarce. Australian mental health consumers indicated a need for targeted community pharmacy mental health services which presented an opportunity to develop an intervention that were integrated with remunerated professional services. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to pilot a mental health medication management intervention in Australian community pharmacies...
May 29, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434119/cost-analysis-for-the-implementation-of-a-medication-review-with-follow-up-service-in-spain
#3
Aranzazu Noain, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas, Miguel Angel Gastelurrutia, Amaia Malet-Larrea, Fernando Martinez-Martinez, Daniel Sabater-Hernandez, Shalom I Benrimoj
Background Medication review with follow-up (MRF) is a professional pharmacy service proven to be cost-effective. Its broader implementation is limited, mainly due to the lack of evidence-based implementation programs that include economic and financial analysis. Objective To analyse the costs and estimate the price of providing and implementing MRF. Setting Community pharmacy in Spain. Method Elderly patients using poly-pharmacy received a community pharmacist-led MRF for 6 months. The cost analysis was based on the time-driven activity based costing model and included the provider costs, initial investment costs and maintenance expenses...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426189/issues-confronting-rural-pharmacies-after-a-decade-of-medicare-part-d
#4
Fred Ullrich, Abiodun Salako, Keith Mueller
Purpose. The RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis has been monitoring the status of rural independent pharmacies since the implementation of Medicare Part D in 2005. After a decade of Part D, we reassess in this brief the issues that concern rural pharmacies and may ultimately challenge their provision of services. This reassessment is based on survey responses from rural pharmacists. Key Findings: (1) Rural pharmacists indicated that two challenges--direct and indirect remuneration (DIR) fees, and delayed maximum allowable cost (MAC) adjustment--ranked highest on scales of both magnitude and immediacy...
April 2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286592/opinions-and-preferences-of-british-columbia-pharmacists-and-physicians-on-medication-management-services
#5
Nicole W Tsao, Amir Khakban, Louise Gastonguay, Zafar Zafari, Larry D Lynd, Carlo A Marra
BACKGROUND: Medication management (MM) services are being provided by pharmacists across Canada in various forms, but pharmacist-physician collaboration is still not a routine practice in most jurisdictions. This survey aimed to gather pharmacists' and physicians' opinions and preferences for MM provision. METHODS: Two parallel, cross-sectional online surveys, including best-worst scaling tasks, were designed for pharmacists and physicians in British Columbia to capture and compare their preferences for a number of attributes of MM...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262371/-cooperation-according-to-french-law-hospital-patients-health-and-territories-pharmacists-involvement-in-aquitaine-region
#6
M d'Elbée, M Baumevieille, C Dumartin
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the French Act "Hospital, Patients, Health and Territories" (loi "Hôpital, Patients, Santé et Territoires") reorganized the outpatient care pathway and defined missions aimed at improving cooperation between pharmaceutical and medical professionals. Five years later, we conducted a survey among community pharmacists in order to assess the appropriation of these missions and the way cooperation was implemented. We also aimed to investigate factors that could hamper or ease the development of these activities in order to identify actions needed to improve pharmacists' involvement...
March 2, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240395/financial-remuneration-is-positively-correlated-with-the-number-of-clinical-activities-an-example-from-diabetes-management-in-alberta-community-pharmacies
#7
Rajan Bharadia, Kathleen Lorenz, Ken Cor, Scot H Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of a compensation plan to remunerate pharmacists for clinical pharmacy services was associated with the number of diabetes management activities provided. METHODS: Alberta pharmacists were asked about compensation plan use and frequency they provide a list of 80 diabetes management activities. KEY FINDINGS: A total of 168 community pharmacists responded to the survey. When compensation plan use, diabetes-specific training, practice characteristics and additional authorizations were incorporated into a factorial ANOVA, pharmacists who used the compensation plan reported a mean of 42...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097711/pharmacists-perceptions-of-pay-for-performance-versus-fee-for-service-remuneration-for-the-management-of-hypertension-through-pharmacist-prescribing
#8
Meagen M Rosenthal, Nimisha Desai, Sherilyn K D Houle
OBJECTIVES: As pharmacists expand their roles as patient care providers, remuneration must be offered for patient care activities apart from dispensing. Most jurisdictions paying for such services utilize the fee-for-service (FFS) model, while little is known about the role of pay for performance (P4P) within the pharmacy profession. This study aimed to elicit the experience of pharmacists practicing under both models within the Alberta Clinical Trial in Optimizing Hypertension (RxACTION) study in Alberta, Canada...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881250/opportunistic-risk-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-exploring-of-application-of-diabetes-risk-assessment-tool-in-community-pharmacy-in-australia-and-thailand
#9
Thitaporn Thoopputra, Tipaporn Pongmesa, David Andrew Newby, Jennifer Schneider, Shu Chuen Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of providing diabetes risk assessment at community pharmacy level in Australia and Thailand from organizational aspects. METHODS: The intervention study was conducted in eight community pharmacies in New South Wales, Australia, and six community pharmacies in Central Thailand. Diabetes risk assessment tools were applied to determine the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. An open-ended question was asked to solicit the willingness-to-pay value for the service...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829858/pay-for-performance-remuneration-for-pharmacist-prescribers-management-of-hypertension-a-substudy-of-the-rxaction-trial
#10
Sherilyn K D Houle, Theresa L Charrois, Finlay A McAlister, Michael R Kolber, Meagen M Rosenthal, Richard Lewanczuk, Norman R C Campbell, Ross T Tsuyuki
BACKGROUND: To be sustainable, pharmacists providing direct patient care must receive appropriate payment for these services. This prespecified substudy of the RxACTION trial (a randomized trial of pharmacist prescribing vs usual care in patients with above-target blood pressure [BP]) aimed to determine if BP reduction achieved differed between patients whose pharmacist was paid by pay-for-performance (P4P) vs fee-for-service (FFS). METHODS: Within RxACTION, patients with elevated BP assigned to the pharmacist prescribing group were further randomized to P4P or FFS payment for the pharmacist...
November 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783313/the-status-of-the-performance-of-medication-reviews-in-german-community-pharmacies-and-assessment-of-the-practical-performance
#11
Claudia Greißing, Katharina Kössler, Johanna Freyer, Lucie Hüter, Peter Buchal, Susanne Schiek, Thilo Bertsche
Background Pharmacist-led medication reviews have shown to prevent drug-related problems (DRPs). So far, data is rare about the implementation in routine care, the conditions for intensifying this service and the practical skills of community pharmacists to perform medication reviews. Objective To assess the current status of medication review implementation in German community pharmacies and the performance of identifying DRPs in a ficticious patient example. Setting German community pharmacies. Method An online survey was conducted from July to September 2015 including questions about medication reviews currently performed in routine care of community pharmacies and hidden DRPs in a ficticious patient example...
December 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717413/implementation-of-flu-vaccination-in-community-pharmacies-understanding-the-barriers-and-enablers
#12
REVIEW
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, M Taitel, J Rubin, I Jacinto, R Horta, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Improving influenza vaccination coverage has been, and still remains a challenge internationally. There are now many examples where countries have pursued a pharmacist-led influenza vaccination service in order to enhance vaccination coverage of at-risk populations. England, Portugal and the United States are successful examples where their experience implementing this service can now be explored retrospectively and learnt from. This review aims to provide evidence to help overcome barriers to commissioning and implementation of such services in countries new to the experience...
January 2017: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577560/a-qualitative-study-of-community-pharmacists-opinions-on-the-provision-of-osteoporosis-disease-state-management-services-in-malaysia
#13
Jah Nik, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Chirk Jenn Ng, Lynne Emmerton
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis has significant impact on healthcare costs and quality of life. Amongst the models for collaborative disease state management services published internationally, there is sparse evidence regarding the role of community pharmacists in the provision of osteoporosis care. Hence, the aim of our study was to explore community pharmacists' opinions (including the barriers and facilitators) and scope of osteoporosis disease state management services by community pharmacists in Malaysia, informing a vision for developing these services...
2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488272/a-process-evaluation-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial-to-reduce-potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-people-in-primary-care-opti-script-study
#14
Barbara Clyne, Janine A Cooper, Carmel M Hughes, Tom Fahey, Susan M Smith
BACKGROUND: The OPTI-SCRIPT cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) found that a three-phase multifaceted intervention including academic detailing with a pharmacist, GP-led medicines reviews, supported by web-based pharmaceutical treatment algorithms, and tailored patient information leaflets, was effective in reducing potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP) in Irish primary care. We report a process evaluation exploring the implementation of the intervention, the experiences of those participating in the study and lessons for future implementation...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388355/understanding-recruitment-and-retention-in-the-nhs-community-pharmacy-stop-smoking-service-perceptions-of-smoking-cessation-advisers
#15
Ratna Sohanpal, Carol Rivas, Liz Steed, Virginia MacNeill, Valerie Kuan, Elizabeth Edwards, Chris Griffiths, Sandra Eldridge, Stephanie Taylor, Robert Walton
OBJECTIVES: To understand views of pharmacy advisers about smoker recruitment and retention in the National Health Service community pharmacy stop smoking programme. DESIGN: Thematic framework analysis of semistructured, in-depth interviews applying the Theoretical Domains Framework and COM-B behaviour change model. We aimed to identify aspects of adviser behaviour that might be modified to increase numbers joining and completing the programme. PARTICIPANTS: 25 stop smoking advisers (13 pharmacists and 12 support staff)...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117185/a-conceptual-framework-toward-identifying-and-analyzing-challenges-to-the-advancement-of-pharmacy
#16
Lina R Bader, Simon McGrath, Michael J Rouse, Claire Anderson
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists and health care professionals are faced with increasing and changing health care needs around the world. To meet these demands, they are required to continuously upgrade and develop their professions. Reprofessionalization is therefore crucial to the successful delivery of health services, but traditional theories might provide little practical guidance to evaluating the overall status of a profession. OBJECTIVE: This study proposes a new conceptual framework of three interrelated professional sectors: education, regulation and practice, and uses it to identify and analyze challenges facing the pharmacy profession in Jordan...
March 18, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26904769/-attitudes-and-opinions-of-general-practitioners-and-lung-specialists-about-a-new-medicines-counselling-service-for-asthma-patients-in-community-pharmacies-a-qualitative-study
#17
E Matthé, J Fraeyman, H De Loof, G De Myer
INTRODUCTION: Since October 2013, pharmacists can offer a new medicines counselling service (NMC). to asthma patients, who start a treatment with an inhaled corticosteroid. Although this individualized service can be organized at the request of the general practitioner (GP). the patient or the pharmacist, the uptake remains quite low. The limited involvement of GPs has already been identified as one of the obstacles to the successful implementation of this project. OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes and opinions of GPs and pulmonologists about NMC...
December 2015: Journal de Pharmacie de Belgique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26670327/pharmacist-and-physician-perspectives-on-diabetes-service-delivery-within-community-pharmacies-in-indonesia-a-qualitative-study
#18
Yosi Wibowo, Bruce Sunderland, Jeffery Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To explore perspectives of physicians and pharmacists on diabetes service delivery within community pharmacies in Indonesia. METHODS: In depth interviews were conducted with 10 physicians and 10 community pharmacists in Surabaya, Indonesia, using a semi-structured interview guide. Nvivo version 9 was used to facilitate thematic content analysis to identify barriers/facilitators for community pharmacists to provide diabetes services. KEY FINDINGS: The identified themes indicating barriers/facilitators for diabetes service delivery within Indonesian community pharmacies included: (1) pharmacist factors - i...
May 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26557368/engaging-nigerian-community-pharmacists-in-public-health-programs-assessment-of-their-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-in-enugu-metropolis
#19
Ogochukwu Offu, Maureen Anetoh, Matthew Okonta, Obinna Ekwunife
OBJECTIVES: The Nigerian health sector battles with control of infectious diseases and emerging non-communicable diseases. Number of healthcare personnel involved in public health programs need to be boosted to contain the health challenges of the country. Therefore, it is important to assess whether community pharmacists in Nigeria could be engaged in the promotion and delivery of various public health interventions. This study aimed to assess level of knowledge, attitude and practice of public health by community pharmacists...
2015: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26202627/atrial-fibrillation-screening-in-pharmacies-using-an-iphone-ecg-a-qualitative-review-of-implementation
#20
Nicole Lowres, Ines Krass, Lis Neubeck, Julie Redfern, Andrew J McLachlan, Alexandra A Bennett, S Ben Freedman
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation guidelines advocate screening to identify undiagnosed atrial fibrillation. Community pharmacies may provide an opportunistic venue for such screening. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experience of implementing an atrial fibrillation screening service from the pharmacist's perspective including: the process of study implementation; the perceived benefits; the barriers and enablers; and the challenges for future sustainability of atrial fibrillation screening within pharmacies...
December 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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