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Pharmacist remuneration

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317936/what-does-it-take-to-change-practice-perspectives-of-pharmacists-in-ontario
#1
Paul A M Gregory, Beatriz Teixeira, Zubin Austin
Background: This is a time of rapid change in the profession of pharmacy. Anecdotally, there are concerns that the pace, extent and rate of practice evolution are lagging. There is little evidence documenting the influencers and mechanisms that drive practice changes forward in pharmacy in Canada. Methods: An exploratory qualitative method was selected, using both one-on-one interviews with self-categorized typical pharmacists and larger focus groups to provide context and confirmation of themes generated through interviews...
January 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233370/female-pharmacists-career-perceptions-in-saudi-arabia-a-survey-at-an-academic-center-in-jeddah
#2
Waleed F Al Ghazzawi, Alaa Abuzaid, Ohood A Al-Shareef, Sama M Al-Sayagh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe existing patterns of female pharmacy students' perceptions and their expectations regarding employment, job sectors, salaries, difficulties, and burdens, and to understand students' long-term prospects for employment in the pharmaceutical sector. The second objective was to assess students' perceptions of their careers in the short- and long-term. METHODS: This prospective survey was conducted on female pharmacy students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah from January 12, 2013 through January 21, 2013...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219031/the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-identification-and-ongoing-management-of-women-at-risk-for-perinatal-depression-a-qualitative-study
#3
Sabrine Elkhodr, Maya Saba, Claire O'Reilly, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: While pharmacists are among the most accessible primary health professionals within a mother's healthcare team to identify potential cases of perinatal depression (PND), very little in the literature suggests that this role has been explored. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on their potential roles in perinatal mental health promotion (recognition and health education) and the factors affecting these roles...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169360/positioning-pharmacists-roles-in-primary-health-care-a-discourse-analysis-of-the-compensation-plan-in-alberta-canada
#4
Christine A Hughes, Rene R Breault, Deborah Hicks, Theresa J Schindel
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive Compensation Plan for pharmacy services delivered by community pharmacists was implemented in Alberta, Canada in July 2012. Services covered by the Compensation Plan include care planning services, prescribing services such as adapting prescriptions, and administering a drug or publicly-funded vaccine by injection. Understanding how the Compensation Plan was framed and communicated provides insight into the roles of pharmacists and the potential influence of language on the implementation of services covered by the Compensation Plan by Albertan pharmacists...
November 23, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970460/community-pharmacists-involvement-in-research-in-the-united-kingdom
#5
Philip Crilly, Nilesh Patel, Abisola Ogunrinde, Doreen Berko, Reem Kayyali
Puropse. To investigate the engagement of community pharmacists (CPs) with pharmacy research and identify barriers preventing them from doing so. In addition, to determine the training and research tools available to support CPs to take part in research. Methods. A questionnaire was designed and distributed to a sample of community pharmacies (n = 323) within five local authorities in England, and to a random sample of community pharmacies (n = 329) within Greater London in two stages. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse the data using Microsoft Excel...
August 28, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894501/incorporating-assessment-and-prescribing-for-ambulatory-ailments-skills-into-practice-an-environmental-scan-of-continuing-education-for-pharmacist-prescribing-in-canada
#6
Dana Habicht, Sheila Ng, Drena Dunford, Brenna Shearer, I Fan Kuo
OBJECTIVES: Pharmacists in Canadian provinces are at different stages of applying prescribing legislation into practice. The purpose of this environmental scan was to examine differences in legislation, remuneration, professional uptake, continuing education requirements and continuing education resources relating to pharmacist prescribing for ambulatory ailments, with a focus on continuing education. METHODS: Data were collected between May and December 2016 using websites and communication with provincial professional regulatory bodies, advocacy bodies, drug coverage programs and other organizations that offer continuing education for pharmacists...
September 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894314/home-care-pharmacy-practice-in-canada-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-services-provided-remuneration-barriers-and-facilitators
#7
Sherilyn Houle, Linda MacKeigan
BACKGROUND: As the population ages, and individuals desire to remain in their homes as long as possible, the need for in-home care is expected to increase. However, pharmacists have rarely been included in studies of in-home care, and little is known about the prevalence or effectiveness of pharmacists' home-based services in Canada. OBJECTIVE: To identify pharmacy practices in Canada that regularly provide in-home patient care and to identify specific services provided, remuneration obtained, and barriers and facilitators influencing the provision of home-based care...
July 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877940/qualitative-meta-synthesis-of-barriers-and-facilitators-that-influence-the-implementation-of-community-pharmacy-services-perspectives-of-patients-nurses-and-general-medical-practitioners
#8
Lutfun N Hossain, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos, Tim Luckett, Joanna C Moullin, Desire Durks, Lucia Franco-Trigo, Shalom I Benrimoj, Daniel Sabater-Hernández
OBJECTIVES: The integration of community pharmacy services (CPSs) into primary care practice can be enhanced by assessing (and further addressing) the elements that enable (ie, facilitators) or hinder (ie, barriers) the implementation of such CPSs. These elements have been widely researched from the perspective of pharmacists but not from the perspectives of other stakeholders who can interact with and influence the implementation of CPSs. The aim of this study was to synthesise the literature on patients', general practitioners' (GPs) and nurses' perspectives of CPSs to identify barriers and facilitators to their implementation in Australia...
September 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851428/social-and-economic-value-of-portuguese-community-pharmacies-in-health-care
#9
Jorge Félix, Diana Ferreira, Marta Afonso-Silva, Marta Vargas Gomes, César Ferreira, Björn Vandewalle, Sara Marques, Melina Mota, Suzete Costa, Maria Cary, Inês Teixeira, Ema Paulino, Bruno Macedo, Carlos Maurício Barbosa
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacies are major contributors to health care systems across the world. Several studies have been conducted to evaluate community pharmacies services in health care. The purpose of this study was to estimate the social and economic benefits of current and potential future community pharmacies services provided by pharmacists in health care in Portugal. METHODS: The social and economic value of community pharmacies services was estimated through a decision-model...
August 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762651/provision-of-pharmaceutical-care-by-community-pharmacists-across-europe-is-it-developing-and-spreading
#10
Filipa A Costa, Claire Scullin, Ghaith Al-Taani, Ahmed F Hawwa, Claire Anderson, Zinaida Bezverhni, Zahida Binakaj, Maria Cordina, Veerle Foulon, Borja Garcia de Bikuña, Han de Gier, Anne Gerd Granås, Olga Grinstova, Nina Griese-Mammen, Jonas Grincevicius, Svitrigaile Grinceviciene, Susanne Kaae, Loreta Kubiliene, Eduardo L Mariño, Silvia Martins, Pilar Modamio, Giancarlo Nadin, Lotte Stig Nørgaard, Emina Obarcanin, Ivana Tadic, Ljiljana Tasic, James C McElnay, Kurt E Hersberger, Tommy Westerlund
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Pharmaceutical care involves patient-centred pharmacist activity to improve medicines management by patients. The implementation of this service in a comprehensive manner, however, requires considerable organisation and effort, and indeed, it is often not fully implemented in care settings. The main objective was to assess how pharmaceutical care provision within community pharmacy has evolved over time in Europe. METHOD: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey of community pharmacies, using a modified version of the Behavioural Pharmaceutical Care Scale (BPCS) was conducted in late 2012/early 2013 within 16 European countries and compared with an earlier assessment conducted in 2006...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623124/development-and-implementation-of-the-compensation-plan-for-pharmacy-services-in-alberta-canada
#11
Rene R Breault, Jeff G Whissell, Christine A Hughes, Theresa J Schindel
OBJECTIVE: To describe experiences with development and implementation of a compensation plan for pharmacy services delivered by pharmacists in community pharmacies. SETTING: Community pharmacy practice in Alberta, Canada. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists in Alberta have one of the most progressive scopes of practice in North America. They have authority to prescribe drugs independently, administer drugs by injection, access electronic health records, and order laboratory tests...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583302/implementation-of-a-mental-health-medication-management-intervention-in-australian-community-pharmacies-facilitators-and-challenges
#12
H Laetitia Hattingh, Fiona Kelly, Jane Fowler, Amanda J Wheeler
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists are in an ideal position to promote and provide mental health medication management services. However, formalised or structured pharmacy services to support consumers with mental health conditions are scarce. Australian mental health consumers indicated a need for targeted community pharmacy mental health services which presented an opportunity to develop an intervention that were integrated with remunerated professional services. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to pilot a mental health medication management intervention in Australian community pharmacies...
September 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434119/cost-analysis-for-the-implementation-of-a-medication-review-with-follow-up-service-in-spain
#13
Aranzazu Noain, Victoria Garcia-Cardenas, Miguel Angel Gastelurrutia, Amaia Malet-Larrea, Fernando Martinez-Martinez, Daniel Sabater-Hernandez, Shalom I Benrimoj
Background Medication review with follow-up (MRF) is a professional pharmacy service proven to be cost-effective. Its broader implementation is limited, mainly due to the lack of evidence-based implementation programs that include economic and financial analysis. Objective To analyse the costs and estimate the price of providing and implementing MRF. Setting Community pharmacy in Spain. Method Elderly patients using poly-pharmacy received a community pharmacist-led MRF for 6 months. The cost analysis was based on the time-driven activity based costing model and included the provider costs, initial investment costs and maintenance expenses...
August 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426189/issues-confronting-rural-pharmacies-after-a-decade-of-medicare-part-d
#14
Fred Ullrich, Abiodun Salako, Keith Mueller
Purpose. The RUPRI Center for Rural Health Policy Analysis has been monitoring the status of rural independent pharmacies since the implementation of Medicare Part D in 2005. After a decade of Part D, we reassess in this brief the issues that concern rural pharmacies and may ultimately challenge their provision of services. This reassessment is based on survey responses from rural pharmacists. Key Findings: (1) Rural pharmacists indicated that two challenges--direct and indirect remuneration (DIR) fees, and delayed maximum allowable cost (MAC) adjustment--ranked highest on scales of both magnitude and immediacy...
April 1, 2017: Rural Policy Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286592/opinions-and-preferences-of-british-columbia-pharmacists-and-physicians-on-medication-management-services
#15
Nicole W Tsao, Amir Khakban, Louise Gastonguay, Zafar Zafari, Larry D Lynd, Carlo A Marra
BACKGROUND: Medication management (MM) services are being provided by pharmacists across Canada in various forms, but pharmacist-physician collaboration is still not a routine practice in most jurisdictions. This survey aimed to gather pharmacists' and physicians' opinions and preferences for MM provision. METHODS: Two parallel, cross-sectional online surveys, including best-worst scaling tasks, were designed for pharmacists and physicians in British Columbia to capture and compare their preferences for a number of attributes of MM...
January 2017: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262371/-cooperation-according-to-french-law-hospital-patients-health-and-territories-pharmacists-involvement-in-aquitaine-region
#16
M d'Elbée, M Baumevieille, C Dumartin
BACKGROUND: In 2009, the French Act "Hospital, Patients, Health and Territories" (loi "Hôpital, Patients, Santé et Territoires") reorganized the outpatient care pathway and defined missions aimed at improving cooperation between pharmaceutical and medical professionals. Five years later, we conducted a survey among community pharmacists in order to assess the appropriation of these missions and the way cooperation was implemented. We also aimed to investigate factors that could hamper or ease the development of these activities in order to identify actions needed to improve pharmacists' involvement...
June 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240395/financial-remuneration-is-positively-correlated-with-the-number-of-clinical-activities-an-example-from-diabetes-management-in-alberta-community-pharmacies
#17
Rajan Bharadia, Kathleen Lorenz, Ken Cor, Scot H Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether use of a compensation plan to remunerate pharmacists for clinical pharmacy services was associated with the number of diabetes management activities provided. METHODS: Alberta pharmacists were asked about compensation plan use and frequency they provide a list of 80 diabetes management activities. KEY FINDINGS: A total of 168 community pharmacists responded to the survey. When compensation plan use, diabetes-specific training, practice characteristics and additional authorizations were incorporated into a factorial ANOVA, pharmacists who used the compensation plan reported a mean of 42...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097711/pharmacists-perceptions-of-pay-for-performance-versus-fee-for-service-remuneration-for-the-management-of-hypertension-through-pharmacist-prescribing
#18
Meagen M Rosenthal, Nimisha Desai, Sherilyn K D Houle
OBJECTIVES: As pharmacists expand their roles as patient care providers, remuneration must be offered for patient care activities apart from dispensing. Most jurisdictions paying for such services utilize the fee-for-service (FFS) model, while little is known about the role of pay for performance (P4P) within the pharmacy profession. This study aimed to elicit the experience of pharmacists practicing under both models within the Alberta Clinical Trial in Optimizing Hypertension (RxACTION) study in Alberta, Canada...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881250/opportunistic-risk-screening-for-type-2-diabetes-exploring-of-application-of-diabetes-risk-assessment-tool-in-community-pharmacy-in-australia-and-thailand
#19
Thitaporn Thoopputra, Tipaporn Pongmesa, David Andrew Newby, Jennifer Schneider, Shu Chuen Li
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of providing diabetes risk assessment at community pharmacy level in Australia and Thailand from organizational aspects. METHODS: The intervention study was conducted in eight community pharmacies in New South Wales, Australia, and six community pharmacies in Central Thailand. Diabetes risk assessment tools were applied to determine the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. An open-ended question was asked to solicit the willingness-to-pay value for the service...
May 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829858/pay-for-performance-remuneration-for-pharmacist-prescribers-management-of-hypertension-a-substudy-of-the-rxaction-trial
#20
Sherilyn K D Houle, Theresa L Charrois, Finlay A McAlister, Michael R Kolber, Meagen M Rosenthal, Richard Lewanczuk, Norman R C Campbell, Ross T Tsuyuki
BACKGROUND: To be sustainable, pharmacists providing direct patient care must receive appropriate payment for these services. This prespecified substudy of the RxACTION trial (a randomized trial of pharmacist prescribing vs usual care in patients with above-target blood pressure [BP]) aimed to determine if BP reduction achieved differed between patients whose pharmacist was paid by pay-for-performance (P4P) vs fee-for-service (FFS). METHODS: Within RxACTION, patients with elevated BP assigned to the pharmacist prescribing group were further randomized to P4P or FFS payment for the pharmacist...
November 2016: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
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