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Lucas Wan Der Maas
The aim of this study was to analyze the changes in the 2000s in the social base of the medical and nursing professions in Brazil, as a result of the expansion of higher education in the country beginning in the late 1990s. The article begins with a descriptive analysis of the social base of recruitment, drawing on data from the socioeconomic questionnaire of the National Student Performance Exam in 2004 and 2010, for incoming and graduating students in medicine and nursing. Next, it analyzes the social base of certified physicians and nurses, using data from the 2000 and 2010 Population Censuses...
March 8, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Antoine Haddad, Tarek Bou Assi, Olivier Garraud
Unlike their Western counterparts, some of the Eastern/Southern Mediterranean countries lack centralized coordinated blood transfusion services leading to an unequal blood safety level. This was recently highlighted by a recent World Health Organization (WHO) regional committee report in which WHO urges these countries to establish and implement a national blood system with well-coordinated blood transfusion activities and to make attempts to reach 100% voluntary non-remunerated blood donation. The objective is thus to meet the same levels or standards as Western countries in term of self-sufficiency and blood safety...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
Howard Ovens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: CJEM
Rainer Hess, Gregor Thüsing, Volker Ulrich, Eberhard Wille, Ferdinand Wollenschläger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
May-Lill Johansen, Bente Ervik
BACKGROUND: Generalists such as general practitioners and district nurses have been the main actors in community palliative care in Norway. Specialised oncology nurses with postgraduate palliative training are increasingly becoming involved. There is little research on their contribution. This study explores how general practitioners (GPs) and oncology nurses (ONs) experience their collaboration in primary palliative care. METHODS: A qualitative focus group and interview study in rural Northern Norway, involving 52 health professionals...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon, Geneviève Rouleau, Stanislav Birko
BACKGROUND: Increasing attention and efforts are being put towards engaging patients in health research, and some have even argued that patient engagement in research (PER) is an ethical imperative. Yet there is relatively little empirical data on ethical issues associated with PER. METHODS: A three-round Delphi survey was conducted with a panel of early-career researchers (ECRs) involved in PER. One of the objectives was to examine the ethical dimensions of PER as well as ECRs' self-perceived level of preparedness to conduct PER ethically...
March 7, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
Mehdi Ben Khelil, Mona Mlika, Nidhal Haj Salem, Ali Chadly, Ahmed Banasr, Moncef Hamdoun
BACKGROUND: Job satisfaction is a key element in managing human resources despite the scope of practice. It is intimately linked to motivation but acts independently. AIM: To evaluate the degree of job satisfaction of the teaching physicians practicing in the hospitals of Tunis. METHODS: It was a descriptive study including a sample of 75 teaching physicians practicing in Tunis hospitals, selected randomly and anonymously with a 1:20 scale with a matching based on the grade and the speciality...
June 2017: La Tunisie Médicale
Marie Hutchinson, Neil Wendt, Stuart Trevor Smith
The 2011 Productivity Commission report, Caring for Older Australians, observed that as the number of older Australians rises and the demand for aged care services increases, there will be a commensurate increase in demand for a well-trained aged care workforce. One of the significant issues impacting upon the ability of the aged services sector to respond to a growing number of older adults is to attract and retain sufficient numbers of staff. A number of factors are acknowledged to contribute to a failure of the aged care sector to attract and retain workers including: poor sector reputation, poor working conditions, including high client-staff ratios, a lack of career paths and professional development opportunities and low rates of remuneration...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
J F Shi, A Y Mao, Z X Sun, H K Lei, W Q Qiu, H Y Huang, P Dong, J W Huang, J Zhu, J Li, G X Liu, D B Wang, Y N Bai, X J Sun, X Z Liao, J S Ren, L W Guo, L Lan, Q Zhou, L Yang, B B Song, L B Du, L Zhu, J L Wang, Y Q Liu, Y Ren, L Mai, M F Qin, Y Z Zhang, J Y Zhou, X H Sun, S L Wu, X Qi, P A Lou, B Cai, N Li, K Zhang, J He, M Dai
Objective: From the perspective of actual service suppliers regarding cancer screening, this study aimed to assess the long-term sustainability of cancer screening programs in China. Methods: Based on a Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC), our survey focused on all the hospitals, centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) and community service centers across 16 provinces in China which participated in the programs between 2013 and 2015. All the managers (institutional/department level) and professional staff involved in the program were interviewed using either paper-based questionnaire or online approach...
February 10, 2018: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
Russell Pearson, Judy Mullan, Eniko Ujvary, Andrew Bonney, Bridget Dijkmans-Hadley
Demographic trends suggest that the sustainability of the general practitioner (GP) Residential Aged Care Facility (RACF) workforce, worldwide and in Australia, is under threat, compromising the ongoing care of chronically ill RACF residents. It is therefore important to ascertain current GP attitudes towards this work, to better understand and hypothesise means of reversing this trend. To this end, during 2014 the views of 26 GPs and GP Registrars working in rural and regional New South Wales, Australia, were captured during focus group discussions and one-on-one interviews...
February 26, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Rebecca Zener, Virginie Demers, Annie Bilodeau, Andrew J Benko, Robert J Abraham, Jason K Wong, John R Kachura
PURPOSE: To investigate the current status and evolution of both the interventional radiologist's role as a clinician and the practice of interventional radiology (IR) over the past decade in Canada. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 2015, an online survey was e-mailed to 210 interventional radiologists, including all Canadian active members of the Canadian Interventional Radiology Association (CIRA) and nonmembers who attended CIRA's annual meeting. Comparisons were made between interventional radiologists in academic versus community practice...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
Germaine Tuyisenge, Celestin Hategeka, Isaac Luginaah, Yolanda Babenko-Mould, David Cechetto, Stephen Rulisa
Objectives Training healthcare professionals in emergency maternal healthcare is a critical component of improving overall maternal health in developing countries like Rwanda. This paper explored the challenges that healthcare professionals who participated in a Continuing Professional Development (CPD) program on Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics® (ALSO) face in putting the learned knowledge and skills into practice in hospitals of Rwanda. Methods This study used a mixed methods approach to understand the challenges/barriers to applying new knowledge and skills in the hospitals of Rwanda...
February 22, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Kikelomo Wright, Olatunji Sonoiki, Onaedo Ilozumba, Babatunde Ajayi, Olawunmi Okikiolu, Oluwarotimi Akinola
Globally, Nigeria is the second most unsafe country to be pregnant, with Lagos, its economic nerve center having disproportionately higher maternal deaths than the national average. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is effective in reducing pregnancyrelated morbidities and mortalities. This mixed-methods study quantitatively assessed women's satisfaction with EmOC received and qualitatively engaged multiple key stakeholders to better understand issues around EmOC access, availability and utilization in Lagos...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Christine Ashley, Kath Peters, Angela Brown, Elizabeth Halcomb
AIM: To explore registered nurses' reflections on transitioning from acute to primary health care employment, and future career intentions. BACKGROUND: Reforms in primary health care have resulted in increasing demands for a skilled primary health care nursing workforce. To meet shortfalls, acute care nurses are being recruited to primary health care employment, yet little is known about levels of satisfaction and future career intentions. METHOD: A sequential mixed methods study consisting of a survey and semi-structured interviews with nurses who transition to primary health care...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
C T Baltin, M Bludau, F Kron, T Zander, M Hallek, A H Hölscher, W Schröder
Due to increasing medical costs and yet limited financial resources, medical treatment and economic analyses can no longer be separated; therefore, direct costing and cost unit accounting become more and more relevant as controlling tools in hospital management. Transthoracic esophagectomy is an integral part of the current treatment concept in patients with esophageal carcinoma. The question of the present study was whether the present diagnosis-related groups (DRG) system is a cost-effective tool to represent transthoracic esophagectomy...
February 7, 2018: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
Joko Gunawan, Yupin Aungsuroch, Ade Sukarna, Nurasnih Wahab
BACKGROUND: Identifying nursing students' plan after graduation is necessary to maintain the profession in line with their nursing education. This study was conducted to explore the career plans of diploma nursing students after graduation and factors influencing their plans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a qualitative descriptive study using focus group discussion, conducted in Academy of Nursing of Belitung, Indonesia. Twenty diploma nursing students at the beginning of their 1st year of study were recruited...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
Heloisa Maria Mendonça de Morais, Maria do Socorro Veloso de Albuquerque, Raquel Santos de Oliveira, Ana Karina Interaminense Cazuzu, Nadine Anita Fonseca da Silva
The study analyzed the expansion of Social Healthcare Organizations (OSS in Portuguese) in Brazil from 2009 to 2014. The ten largest OSS were measured according to their budget funding and their qualifications as non-profit organizations were explored, considering evidence of their expansion and consolidation in the management and provision of health services via strategies proper to for-profit private enterprises. The study is descriptive and exploratory and was based on public-domain documents. In their relations with government, the OSS have benefited from legal loopholes and incentives and have expanded accordingly...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Martin Chalkley, Stefan Listl
This article assesses the impact of dentist remuneration on the incidence of potentially harmful dental X-rays. We use unique panel data which provide details of 1.3 million treatment claims by Scottish NHS dentists made between 1998 and 2007. Controlling for unobserved heterogeneity of both patients and dentists we estimate a series of fixed-effects models that are informed by a theoretical model of X-ray delivery and identify the effects on dental X-raying of dentists moving from a fixed salary to fee-for-service and patients moving from co-payment to exemption...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
Michelle Mocarski, Jason Yeaw, Victoria Divino, Mitch DeKoven, German Guerrero, Jakob Langer, Brian Larsen Thorsted
BACKGROUND: Clinical inertia in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) refers to the failure of clinicians to intensify therapy when indicated. Many T2DM patients remain suboptimally controlled after initiating basal insulin. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of patients treated with basal insulin but in poor glycemic control (hemoglobin A1c [A1c] ≥ 7%) after initiation and subsequent treatment intensification patterns and glycemic outcomes in a real-world setting...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Saundra E Curry
There are many reasons for evaluating our approach and improving our teaching of America's future doctors, whether they become anesthesiologists (recruitment) or participate in patient management in the perioperative period (general patient care). Teaching medical students the seminal aspects of any medical specialty is a continual challenge. Although no definitive curricula or single clinical approach has been defined, certain key features can be ascertained from clinical experience and the literature. A survey was conducted among US anesthesiology teaching programs regarding the teaching content and approaches currently used to teach US medical students clinical anesthesia...
February 2, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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