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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344354/a-study-on-the-implementation-fidelity-of-the-performance-based-financing-policy-in-burkina-faso-after-12%C3%A2-months
#1
Oriane Bodson, Ahmed Barro, Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Nestor Zanté, Paul-André Somé, Valéry Ridde
Background: Performance-based financing (PBF) in the health sector has recently gained momentum in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as one of the ways forward for achieving Universal Health Coverage. The major principle underlying PBF is that health centers are remunerated based on the quantity and quality of services they provide. PBF has been operating in Burkina Faso since 2011, and as a pilot project since 2014 in 15 health districts randomly assigned into four different models, before an eventual scale-up...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336625/the-clavien-dindo-classification-in-pancreatic-surgery-a-clinical-and-economic-validation
#2
Patrick Téoule, Felix Bartel, Emrullah Birgin, Felix Rückert, Torsten J Wilhelm
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In 2004 P. A. Clavien and D. Dindo published the well-known grading system of postoperative complications. It is established in several surgical disciplines. The aim of this study was to assess its validity in pancreatic surgery. The impact of complication grade on economic resources was investigated as well. METHODS: From a prospective database, we retrospectively evaluated all patients who underwent pancreatic resection between January 2009 and December 2014 at our department...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317936/what-does-it-take-to-change-practice-perspectives-of-pharmacists-in-ontario
#3
Paul A M Gregory, Beatriz Teixeira, Zubin Austin
Background: This is a time of rapid change in the profession of pharmacy. Anecdotally, there are concerns that the pace, extent and rate of practice evolution are lagging. There is little evidence documenting the influencers and mechanisms that drive practice changes forward in pharmacy in Canada. Methods: An exploratory qualitative method was selected, using both one-on-one interviews with self-categorized typical pharmacists and larger focus groups to provide context and confirmation of themes generated through interviews...
January 2018: Canadian Pharmacists Journal: CPJ, Revue des Pharmaciens du Canada: RPC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315278/a-qualitative-study-of-hr-ohs-stress-interventions-in-australian-universities
#4
Silvia Pignata, Anthony H Winefield, Carolyn M Boyd, Chris Provis
To enhance the understanding of psychosocial factors and extend research on work stress interventions, we investigated the key human resource (HR)/occupational health and safety (OHS) stress interventions implemented at five Australian universities over a three-year period. Five senior HR Directors completed an online survey to identify the intervention strategies taken at their university in order to reduce stress and enhance employee well-being and morale. We also explored the types of individual-, organization-, and individual/organization-directed interventions that were implemented, and the strategies that were prioritized at each university...
January 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310690/street-level-workers-inadequate-knowledge-and-application-of-exemption-policies-in-burkina-faso-jeopardize-the-achievement-of-universal-health-coverage-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Valéry Ridde, Gerald Leppert, Hervé Hien, Paul Jacob Robyn, Manuela De Allegri
BACKGROUND: Street-level workers play a key role in public health policies in Africa, as they are often the ones to ensure their implementation. In Burkina Faso, the State formulated two different user-fee exemption policies for indigents, one for deliveries (2007), and one for primary healthcare (2009). The objective of this study was to measure and understand the determinants of street-level workers' knowledge and application of these exemption measures. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data collected between October 2013 and March 2014...
January 8, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297865/using-health-care-audit-to-improve-quality-of-clinical-records-the-preliminary-experience-of-an-italian-cancer-institute
#6
Chiara Cadeddu, Maria Lucia Specchia, Pasquale Cacciatore, Raffaele Marchini, Walter Ricciardi, Costanza Cavuto
INTRODUCTION: Audit and feedback are recognized as part of a strategy for improving performance and supporting quality and safety in European health care systems. These considerations led the Clinical Management Staff of the "Regina Elena" Italian Cancer Institute to start a project of self-assessment of the quality of clinical records and organizational appropriateness through a retrospective review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The evaluation about appropriateness and congruity concerned both clinical records of 2013 and of 2015...
October 2017: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297402/bridging-access-gaps-experienced-by-the-underserved-the-need-for-healthcare-providers-to-look-within-for-answers
#7
James K Elrod, John L Fortenberry
BACKGROUND: Health and medical providers dedicated to serving the poor face daunting challenges, with the most obvious one pertaining to the provision of services with little or no expectation of remuneration. This hardship often is overlooked by broad society as many view the delivery of healthcare services to indigent populations to be covered fully by government health insurance programs or other forms of public assistance. This, however, is only partially true and, even when reimbursements or similar payments are provided, they often fall short of covering the actual costs associated with rendering services...
December 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282049/gender-differences-in-job-quality-and-job-satisfaction-among-doctors-in-rural-western-china
#8
Yang Miao, Lingui Li, Ying Bian
BACKGROUND: Few studies about gender differences in job quality and job satisfaction among medical professionals have been carried out in China. So the objectives of this study were to examine whether and to what extent gender differences existed in job quality and job satisfaction of doctors in rural western China. METHODS: From 2009 to 2011, a total of 1472 doctors from 103 selected county-level health care facilities in rural western China were recruited into the study...
December 28, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277167/physicians-experiences-of-sbirt-training-and-implementation-for-sud-management-in-primary-care-in-the-uae-a-qualitative-study
#9
Christiane Pflanz-Sinclair, Catriona Matheson, Christine M Bond, Amna Almarzouqi, Amanda J Lee, Anwar Batieha, Hamad Al Ghaferi, Ahmed El Kashef
Aim The objective of this paper is to present a qualitative study of introducing substance misuse screening using the Screening Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) model, in primary care in Abu Dhabi. BACKGROUND: Substance misuse in the UAE is an increasing problem. However religious beliefs and fear of legal consequences have prevented this topic from being openly discussed, risk levels identified through screening and treatment options offered. METHODS: A controlled trial was undertaken which included a qualitative process study which is reported here...
December 26, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276253/direct-and-indirect-remuneration-fees-the-controversy-continues
#10
Michael Gabay
The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) initially created direct and indirect remuneration (DIR) fees with the enactment of Medicare Part D in order to track rebates and other price adjustments made to pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs). PBMs have expanded the use of these fees to "claw back" money from pharmacies on already dispensed medications. Community and specialty pharmacies claim these fees are not transparent, hurt patients and taxpayers, and negatively impact their fiscal bottom line, while PBMs assert that these fees actually reduce premiums for patients...
December 2017: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243265/what-motivates-men-to-donate-blood-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#11
REVIEW
A Carver, K Chell, T E Davison, B M Masser
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Effective recruitment and retention of male donors are vital for the ongoing provision of blood products. Compared with females, male donors are less likely to be medically deferred or experience vasovagal reactions and are typically preferred for plasmapheresis donation in voluntary non-remunerated settings. However, females outnumber males among donors aged under 40 years. This systematic review aimed to synthesize evidence and identify key motivators for blood donation among males to inform targeted recruitment/retention campaigns...
December 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235166/the-south-african-universal-preschool-year-a-case-study-of-policy-development-and-implementation
#12
L Richter, M-L Samuels
BACKGROUND: South Africa is the first sub-Saharan African country to legislate, fund and implement free preschool education. Human rights and restitution were at the forefront of the political struggle for democracy in South Africa. Levelling the playing fields by improving the school readiness of children disadvantaged by the racist policies of Apartheid is essential to the transformation of South African society. METHODS: A review of published and unpublished documents on Grade R was undertaken, and access and enrolment data come from the National Department of Basic Education's Education Management Information System (EMIS)...
January 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233370/female-pharmacists-career-perceptions-in-saudi-arabia-a-survey-at-an-academic-center-in-jeddah
#13
Waleed F Al Ghazzawi, Alaa Abuzaid, Ohood A Al-Shareef, Sama M Al-Sayagh
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe existing patterns of female pharmacy students' perceptions and their expectations regarding employment, job sectors, salaries, difficulties, and burdens, and to understand students' long-term prospects for employment in the pharmaceutical sector. The second objective was to assess students' perceptions of their careers in the short- and long-term. METHODS: This prospective survey was conducted on female pharmacy students at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah from January 12, 2013 through January 21, 2013...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233114/exploring-knowledge-and-attitudes-toward-non-communicable-diseases-among-village-health-teams-in-eastern-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Temitope Tabitha Ojo, Nicola L Hawley, Mayur M Desai, Ann R Akiteng, David Guwatudde, Jeremy I Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Community health workers are essential personnel in resource-limited settings. In Uganda, they are organized into Village Health Teams (VHTs) and are focused on infectious diseases and maternal-child health; however, their skills could potentially be utilized in national efforts to reduce the growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). We sought to assess the knowledge of, and attitudes toward NCDs and NCD care among VHTs in Uganda as a step toward identifying their potential role in community NCD prevention and management...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229514/how-obstetricians-and-pregnant-women-decide-mode-of-birth-in-light-of-a-recent-regulation-in-brazil
#15
Rachel Galvao, Nicola L Hawley, Carolina Silveira da Silva, Mariângela F Silveira
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, 88% of births among women with private insurance are caesarean sections, even though a caesarean rate above 15% is associated with greater maternal and child morbidity and mortality. Aiming to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections in the private sector, in July 2015 the Brazilian government enacted Resolução Normativa 368, a regulation requiring the use of partograms, pre-natal cards to document pregnancies, and consent forms for elective caesareans, and recommending that obstetricians provide women with an informational letter about birth...
December 8, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219031/the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-the-identification-and-ongoing-management-of-women-at-risk-for-perinatal-depression-a-qualitative-study
#16
Sabrine Elkhodr, Maya Saba, Claire O'Reilly, Bandana Saini
BACKGROUND: While pharmacists are among the most accessible primary health professionals within a mother's healthcare team to identify potential cases of perinatal depression (PND), very little in the literature suggests that this role has been explored. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore community pharmacists' perspectives on their potential roles in perinatal mental health promotion (recognition and health education) and the factors affecting these roles...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203172/how-much-do-cancer-specialists-earn-a-comparison-of-physician-fees-and-remuneration-in-oncology-and-radiology-in-high-income-countries
#17
REVIEW
Seán Boyle, Jeremy Petch, Kathy Batt, Isabelle Durand-Zaleski, Sarah Thomson
The main driver of higher spending on health care in the US is believed to be substantially higher fees paid to US physicians in comparison with other countries. We aim to compare physician incomes in radiology and oncology considering differences in relation to fees paid, physician capacity and volume of services provided in five countries: the United States, Canada, Australia, France and the United Kingdom. The fee for a consultation with a specialist in oncology varies threefold across countries, and more than fourfold for chemotherapy...
November 16, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190443/corrigendum-to-it-s-more-than-money-policy-options-to-secure-medical-specialist-workforce-for-regional-centres
#18
Jennifer May, Judi Walker, Mathew McGrail, Fran Rolley
Objectives Regional centres and their rural hinterlands support significant populations of non-metropolitan Australians. Despite their importance in the settlement hierarchy and the key medical services provided from these centres, little research has focused on their issues of workforce supply and long-term service requirements. In addition, they are a critical component of the recent growth of 'regional' hub-and-spoke specialist models of service delivery.Methods The present study interviewed 62 resident specialists in four regional centres, seeking to explore recruitment and retention factors important to their location decision making...
December 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186137/evaluation-of-the-implementation-fidelity-of-the-seasonal-malaria-chemoprevention-intervention-in-kaya-health-district-burkina-faso
#19
Rachidatou Compaoré, Maurice Wambi Evariste Yameogo, Tieba Millogo, Halima Tougri, Seni Kouanda
BACKGROUND: Burkina Faso implemented the seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) in 2014 in seven pilot health districts, following the new recommendation by the WHO in 2012 for the prevention of the disease in children under five years old, for areas of highly seasonal malaria transmission.The objective of this study was to assess the implementation fidelity of the seasonal malaria chemoprevention strategy in one of the districts, Kaya Health District. METHODOLOGY: We conducted a case study, with a quantitative and qualitative mixed methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184457/evaluation-of-eu-legislation-on-blood-a-bioethical-point-of-view
#20
EDITORIAL
Carlo Petrini
A review of the European Union (EU) regulations concerning blood, tissues, and cells of human origin is under way in the EU. From the ethical point of view, the non-remuneration of donations and the ban on deriving gain from human biological materials are of particular significance. While the basic ethical principles involved in the procurement, preservation, and use of these materials are the same, their practical application should be adapted to the specific context of each material. In the case of donation and use of blood, in particular, the issue of legitimate reimbursements to donors and for transfusion centers has to be managed in accordance with the principle of non-commercialization...
2017: Journal of Blood Medicine
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