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Pharmacy economics

Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Michael Popovich, Brandy Altstadter, Lara Hargraves Popovich, B S Biology
The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act encourages health information exchange between clinical care and public health through Meaningful Use measures. Meaningful Use specifically identifies objectives to support a number of public health programs including immunizations, cancer registries, syndromic surveillance, and disease case reports. The objective is to improve public and population health. Stage 2 of Meaningful Use focused on compliance to sending of information to public health...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Vedat Hamuryudan, Haner Direskeneli, Ihsan Ertenli, Murat Inanc, Yasar Karaaslan, Fahrettin Oksel, Suleyman Ozbek, Salih Pay, Ender Terzioglu, Dilara Balkan Tezer, Basak Hacibedel, Nurullah Akkoc
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the annual cost of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in Turkey by obtaining real-world data directly from patients. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, RA patients from the rheumatology outpatient clinics of 10 university hospitals were interviewed with a standardised questionnaire on RA-related healthcare care costs. RESULTS: The study included 689 RA patients (565 females) with a mean age of 51.2±13.2 years and mean disease duration of 9...
September 18, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
Ian Bates, Christopher John, Andreia Bruno, Pamela Fu, Shirin Aliabadi
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there is a global healthcare workforce shortage of 7.2 million, which is predicted to grow to 12.9 million by 2035. Globally, people are living longer with multiple co-morbidities and require increased access and use of medicines. Pharmacists are a key component of the healthcare workforce, and in many countries, pharmacists are the most accessible healthcare profession. This paper identifies key issues and current trends affecting the global pharmacy workforce, in particular workforce distribution, country economic status, capacity, and workforce gender balance...
October 10, 2016: Human Resources for Health
Nader I Al-Dewik, Hisham M Morsi, Muthanna M Samara, Rola S Ghasoub, Cinquea C Gnanam, Subi K Bhaskaran, Abdulqadir J Nashwan, Rana M Al-Jurf, Mohamed A Ismail, Mohammed M AlSharshani, Ali A AlSayab, Tawfeg I Ben-Omran, Rani B Khatib, Mohamed A Yassin
BACKGROUND: Despite the revolutionary success of introducing tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as imatinib mesylate (IM), for treating chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a substantial proportion of patients' treatments fail. AIM: This study investigates the correlation between patient adherence and failure of TKIs' treatment in a follow-up study. METHODS: This is a follow-up study of a new cohort of CML patients. Adherence to IM is assessed using the Medication Event Monitoring System (MEMS 6 TrackCap, AARDEX Ltd)...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Oncology
Leonard E Egede, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Rebekah J Walker, Elizabeth H Payne, Ron Acierno, B Christopher Frueh
BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists regarding the costs of telemedicine, especially considering changes over time. This analysis aimed to analyze trajectory of healthcare cost before, during, and after a behavioral activation intervention delivered via telepsychology and same-room delivery to elderly Veterans with depression. METHODS: 241 participants were randomly assigned into one of two study groups: behavioral activation for depression via telemedicine or via same-room treatment...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
C L Kirkdale, G Nebout, F Megerlin, T Thornley
Seasonal influenza is a major cause of excess winter deaths and increased hospital admissions. There is a high level of economic burden associated with the infection. Although vaccination targets have been set to tackle this international issue, many countries struggle to reach these coverage targets for their at-risk populations using traditional delivery methods. Traditional providers include family doctors and nurses; however, pharmacist-led influenza vaccination has become a more commonly utilised aid to support vaccination targets...
October 4, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
Morgane Donadel, Gulzira Karimova, Ruslan Nabiev, Kaspar Wyss
BACKGROUND: The Government of Tajikistan is reforming its health system to make access more equitable. Nonetheless, out-of-pocket expenditures (OPE) remain a key modality for purchasing health care. Drugs remain a major driver of household expenditures for health. We conducted a household survey to investigate drug prescribing patterns at primary health care (PHC) level as well as the related OPE. METHODS: Adult patients in eight districts who had visited a PHC facility in the period March to May 2014 were interviewed at home, using a structured questionnaire...
October 6, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Jennifer E Pelletier, Caitlin E Caspi, Liana R N Schreiber, Darin J Erickson, Lisa Harnack, Melissa N Laska
BACKGROUND: Customer intercept interviews are increasingly used to characterize food purchases at retail food outlets and restaurants; however, methodological procedures, logistical issues and response rates using intercept methods are not well described in the food environment literature. The aims of this manuscript were to 1) describe the development and implementation of a customer intercept interview protocol in a large, NIH-funded study assessing food purchases in small and midsize food retailers in Minneapolis and St...
October 5, 2016: BMC Public Health
Christophe Sapin, Ann Hartry, Siddhesh A Kamat, Maud Beillat, Ross A Baker, Anna Eramo
Schizophrenia presents a substantial clinical and economic burden to the health-care system. In QUAlity of LIfe with AbiliFY Maintena (QUALIFY), a randomized head-to-head study of aripiprazole once-monthly 400 mg (AOM 400) compared with paliperidone palmitate (PP; 78-234 mg/mo), AOM 400 demonstrated greater improvement in health-related quality of life and functioning in patients with stable schizophrenia. The present analysis used health economics assessment data collected during the QUALIFY study to determine the direct medical and pharmacy costs and the cost-effectiveness associated with each treatment over 6 months...
2016: Drugs in Context
Elizabeth Marrett, Winghan Jacqueline Kwong, Feride Frech, Chunlin Qian
INTRODUCTION: Nausea and vomiting (NV) are common side effects of opioid use and limiting factors in pain management. This study sought to quantify the frequency of antiemetic prescribing and the impact of NV on health care resource utilization and costs in outpatients prescribed opioids for acute pain. The perspective was that of a commercial health plan. METHODS: Medical and pharmacy claims from IMS PharMetrics Plus were used to identify patients initiating opioid therapy with a prescription for an oxycodone-, hydrocodone- or codeine-containing immediate-release product for acute use (≤15-day supply) between October 1, 2013 and September 30, 2014...
October 4, 2016: Pain and Therapy
Yared Belete Belay
INTRODUCTION: Job satisfaction is a multidimensional, enduring, important, and much-researched concept in the field of organizational behavior and has been identified as recognition in one's field of work, level of salary, opportunities for promotion, and achievement of personal goals. Job satisfaction directly affects the labor market behavior and economic efficiency by means of the impact on productivity and turnover of staff. The aim of this study was to assess the satisfaction level of pharmacy professionals in Mekelle city...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Maral DerSarkissian, Yongling Xiao, Mei Sheng Duh, Patrick Lefebvre, Andrine R Swensen, Christopher F Bell
BACKGROUND: Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common disease in men that is characterized by lower urinary tract symptoms. Pharmacologic treatment with alpha blockers (ABs) and 5-alpha reductase inhibitors (5ARIs) is recommended to alleviate symptoms, prevent disease progression that can lead to complications, and reduce health care costs. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical, economic, and health care resource utilization outcomes among BPH patients treated with early continuous combination AB and 5ARI therapy (dutasteride vs...
October 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Adina Hayek, Rohina Joshi, Tim Usherwood, Ruth Webster, Baldeep Kaur, Bandana Saini, Carol Armour, Ines Krass, Tracey-Lea Laba, Christopher Reid, Louise Shiel, Charlotte Hespe, Fred Hersch, Stephen Jan, Serigne Lo, David Peiris, Anthony Rodgers, Anushka Patel
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for significant morbidity, premature mortality, and economic burden. Despite established evidence that supports the use of preventive medications among patients at high CVD risk, treatment gaps remain. Building on prior evidence and a theoretical framework, a complex intervention has been designed to address these gaps among high-risk, under-treated patients in the Australian primary care setting. This intervention comprises a general practice quality improvement tool incorporating clinical decision support and audit/feedback capabilities; availability of a range of CVD polypills (fixed-dose combinations of two blood pressure lowering agents, a statin ± aspirin) for prescription when appropriate; and access to a pharmacy-based program to support long-term medication adherence and lifestyle modification...
2016: Implementation Science: IS
A Guérin, J-F Bussières
OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to assess the position of Quebec pharmaceutical community about pharmaceutical ethics statements. The second objective was to compare the level of agreement of pharmacy students and hospitals pharmacists. METHOD: Survey conducted one day given in 2012 and 2013 for students in 2013 and from 29/08/2014 to 02/09/2014 for pharmacists. A questionnaire of eight themes and 43 statements was developed: training and education (5 questions), clinical research (7) advertising and marketing (5) evaluation (5) dispensing medication (4), pharmaceutical care (9) economic aspect (6) and code of ethics (2)...
September 19, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
H E Miao, Tang Xiaojun, Long Qian, Wei Jie, Sun Zhenxing, Yang Xuewei, Tang Shenglan
: Objective: To compare the treatment costs on type 2 diabetes between patients with and without specific diseases health insurance, and to identify the influencing factors related to specific diseases health insurance application. METHODS: A structured questionnaire was used to investigate basic information, diabetes-related pharmacy, outpatient and inpatient treatment costs. SAS9.1 software was used for statistical analysis. The enumeration data was analyzed by using Chi-square test, and variables of statistical difference were bought into Logistic regression model through stepwise method...
May 25, 2016: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
Mohammad Haji Aghajani, Monireh Ghazaeian, Hamid Reza Mehrazin, Mohammad Sistanizad, Mirmohammad Miri
Medication errors are one of the important factors that increase fatal injuries to the patients and burden significant economic costs to the health care. An appropriate medical history could reduce errors related to omission of the previous drugs at the time of hospitalization. The aim of this study, as first one in Iran, was evaluating the discrepancies between medication histories obtained by pharmacists and physicians/nurses and first order of physician. From September 2012 until March 2013, patients admitted to the post CCU of a 550 bed university hospital, were recruited in the study...
2016: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
Sarah Kooienga, Reshmi L Singh
BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing (ERx) is the ability for prescriber to send a digital prescription directly to a pharmacist through a dedicated secure network. A number of federally funded incentives such as the health information technology for economic and clinical health (HITECH) and Meaningful Use standards have led to ERx implementation. ERx is an integral part of primary care practice and today most community pharmacies are enabled to accept e-prescriptions. Little is known about the experience of rural pharmacists, primary care providers and patients regarding e-prescribing...
August 25, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Todd Gammie, Sabine Vogler, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
OBJECTIVE: To review the international body of literature from 2010 to 2015 concerning methods of economic evaluations used in hospital- and community-based studies of pharmacy services in publicly funded health systems worldwide, their clinical outcomes, and economic effectiveness. DATA SOURCES: The literature search was undertaken between May 2, 2015, and September 4, 2015. Keywords included "health economics" and "evaluation" "assessment" or "appraisal," "methods," "hospital" or "community" or "residential care," "pharmacy" or "pharmacy services" and "cost minimisation analysis" or "cost utility analysis" or "cost effectiveness analysis" or "cost benefit analysis...
September 1, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Chronis H Manolis, Kiran Rajasenan, William Harwin, Scott McClelland, Maria Lopes, Carolyn Farnum
A panel was convened that consisted of 1 medical director, 2 pharmacy directors, and 2 oncologists, who represented the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Health Plan, an integrated delivery network, and Florida Blue, a progressive regional health plan. This panel met in order to share ideas, discuss challenges, and develop practical solutions to promote optimal utilization in order to encourage collaboration between payers and providers to help ensure the success of biosimilar entrants into the marketplace...
September 2016: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
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