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Pharmacy economics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219727/economic-botany-collections-a-source-of-material-evidence-for-exploring-historical-changes-in-chinese-medicinal-materials
#1
Eric Brand, Christine Leon, Mark Nesbitt, Ping Guo, Ran Huang, Hubiao Chen, Li Liang, Zhongzhen Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs) have changed over centuries of use, particularly in terms of their botanical identity and processing methods. In some cases, these changes have important implications for safety and efficacy in modern clinical practice. As most previous research has focused on clarifying the evolution of CMMs by analyzing traditional Chinese materia medica ("bencao") literature, assessments of historical collections are needed to validate these conclusions with material evidence...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152677/economic-burden-of-common-adverse-events-aes-associated-with-metastatic-colorectal-cancer-mcrc-treatment-in-the-united-states-us
#2
Jane Chang, Annie Guerin, Sherry Shi, Ed Wang, Justin Yu, Christopher Ngai
: 21 Background: Treatments for mCRC have distinct safety and tolerability profiles. Common AEs associated with mCRC treatments may compromise the course of treatment, worsen quality of life, and increase healthcare resource utilization and costs. This study assessed the costs of common AEs in mCRC patients (pts) in the US. METHODS: Adult mCRC pts treated with chemotherapy (chemo) or targeted therapies were identified from the Truven MarketScan databases (2009 - 2014)...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128095/antimicrobial-prescribing-patterns-in-a-large-tertiary-hospital-in-shanghai-china
#3
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Ping Du, Fang Huang, Dong-Jie Li, Jun Gu, Fu-Ming Shen, Yuan-Ying Jiang
Whilst the 'Principles of clinical use of antibiotics' was released by the Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China in 2004, limited research has been conducted to evaluate the quality of antibiotic use in real-world practice. In this study, we sought to examine antimicrobial prescribing patterns in a large tertiary hospital in Shanghai, China. De-identified outpatient and emergency department pharmacy records containing antimicrobials were extracted from the hospital electronic health records system...
December 2016: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125370/a-systematic-review-of-the-effect-of-cancer-treatment-on-work-productivity-of-patients-and-caregivers
#4
Khalid M Kamal, Jordan R Covvey, Ankur Dashputre, Somraj Ghosh, Surbhi Shah, Monali Bhosle, Christopher Zacker
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a leading cause of death with substantial financial costs. While significant data exist on the economic burden of care, less is known about the indirect costs of treatment and, specifically, the effect on work productivity of patients and their caregivers. To examine the full effect of cancer and the potential value of new therapies, all aspects of care, including indirect costs and patient-reported outcomes, should be evaluated. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the literature examining the effect of cancer treatment on work productivity in patients and their caregivers...
February 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111172/self-medication-and-self-prescription-with-antibiotics-in-the-middle-east-do-they-really-happen-a-systematic-review-of-the-prevalence-possible-reasons-and-outcomes
#5
REVIEW
Faten Alhomoud, Zainab Aljamea, Reem Almahasnah, Khawlah Alkhalifah, Lama Basalelah, Farah Kais Alhomoud
OBJECTIVES: There has been no review on the prevalence, possible causes, and clinical outcomes of self-medication with antibiotics (SMA) in the Middle East. METHODS: Databases were searched (January 2000 through June 2016) for articles on SMA among adults aged ≥18 years living in the Middle East. A hand search for relevant citations and key journals was also performed. RESULTS: Twenty-two studies were found. The prevalence of SMA ranged from 19% to 82%...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104969/assessment-of-a-clinical-pharmacy-activity-in-a-pediatric-inpatient-department-in-cote-d-ivoire
#6
Danho Pascal Abrogoua, César Pacôme Békégnran, Bi Marius Gro, Elisée Doffou, Madeleine Amorissani Folquet
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy activities in a pediatric inpatient department help to improve the management of patients clinically and economically. OBJECTIVE: To assess the relevance of pharmaceutical interventions (PIs) in a pediatric inpatient department in Abidjan (Cote d'Ivoire). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional, descriptive study from February to September 2014. The information collected was classified according to the classification of drug-related problems (DRPs) and PIs of the French Society of Clinical Pharmacy...
December 2016: Journal of Basic and Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095408/patient-safety-incidents-involving-sick-children-in-primary-care-in-england-and-wales-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#7
Philippa Rees, Adrian Edwards, Colin Powell, Peter Hibbert, Huw Williams, Meredith Makeham, Ben Carter, Donna Luff, Gareth Parry, Anthony Avery, Aziz Sheikh, Liam Donaldson, Andrew Carson-Stevens
BACKGROUND: The UK performs poorly relative to other economically developed countries on numerous indicators of care quality for children. The contribution of iatrogenic harm to these outcomes is unclear. As primary care is the first point of healthcare contact for most children, we sought to investigate the safety of care provided to children in this setting. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We undertook a mixed methods investigation of reports of primary care patient safety incidents involving sick children from England and Wales' National Reporting and Learning System between 1 January 2005 and 1 December 2013...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056998/factors-associated-with-occupancy-of-pharmacist-positions-in-public-sector-hospitals-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Thomas Ocwa Obua, Richard Odoi Adome, Paul Kutyabami, Freddy Eric Kitutu, Pakoyo Fadhiru Kamba
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists are invaluable resources in health care. Their expertise in pharmacotherapy and medicine management both ensures that medicines of appropriate quality are available in health facilities at the right cost and are used appropriately. Unfortunately, some countries like Uganda have shortage of pharmacists in public health facilities, the dominant providers of care. This study investigated the factors that affect the occupancy of pharmacist positions in Uganda's public hospitals, including hiring patterns and job attraction and retention...
January 5, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049892/maintenance-of-clinical-expertise-and-clinical-research-by-the-clinical-professors-at-gifu-pharmaceutical-university
#9
Tomoya Tachi, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hitomi Teramachi
 The clinical professors at Gifu Pharmaceutical University (GPU) provide pharmaceutical services at GPU Pharmacy, Gifu University Hospital, and Gifu Municipal Hospital to keep their clinical skills up-to-date; they also perform clinical research in collaboration with many clinical institutes. The Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy is part of the Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, to which the clinical professors belong, and is composed of three clinical professors (a professor, an associate professor, and an assistant professor)...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981858/budget-impact-of-everolimus-for-the-treatment-of-progressive-well-differentiated-non-functional-neuroendocrine-tumors-of-gastrointestinal-or-lung-origin-that-are-advanced-or-metastatic
#10
Darya B Rose, Dave Nellesen, Maureen P Neary, Beilei Cai
BACKGROUND: Advanced neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are a rare malignancy with considerable need for effective therapies. Everolimus is a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and European Medicines Agency (EMA) in 2016 for treatment of adults with progressive, well-differentiated, non-functional NETs of gastrointestinal (GI) or lung origin that are unresectable, locally advanced, or metastatic. OBJECTIVE: To assess the 3-year budget impact for a typical US health plan following availability of everolimus for treatment of GI and lung NETs...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972821/indicators-in-evaluating-financial-and-economic-performance-of-pharmacy-a-systematic-review
#11
D A Imani, M Golestani, M Moghimi, A Janati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971943/social-and-economic-value-of-portuguese-community-pharmacies-in-public-health
#12
J Félix, D Ferreira, M Afonso-Silva, M Gomes, C Ferreira, B Vandewalle, S Marques, M Mota, S Costa, M Cary, I Teixeira, E Paulino, B Macedo, M Barbosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971940/economic-evaluation-of-the-portuguese-needle-exchange-programme-in-community-pharmacies-nep-cp
#13
M Borges, M Gouveia, F Fiorentino, G Jesus, M Cary, J P Guerreiro, S Costa, A Vaz Carneiro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971855/clinical-and-economic-benefits-of-a-community-pharmacy-vaccination-strategy
#14
J Gallagher, S Byrne, S O'Dwyer, P O'Reilly, S McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933488/effects-of-economic-recession-on-elderly-patients-perceptions-of-access-to-health-care-and-medicines-in-portugal
#15
Filipa Alves da Costa, Inês Teixeira, Filipa Duarte-Ramos, Luís Proença, Ana Rita Pedro, Cristina Furtado, José Aranda da Silva, José Cabrita
Background In view of the current financial and demographic situation in Portugal, accessibility to health care may be affected, including the ability to adhere to medication. Objective To evaluate the perceived effects of the crisis on elderly patient's access to medicines and medical care, and its implications on medicine-taking behaviour. Setting Community pharmacy. Method A cross-sectional study was undertaken during April 2013, where elderly patients answered a self-administered questionnaire based on their health-related experiences in the current and previous year...
February 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931985/impact-of-regulatory-measures-on-antipsychotics-drug-consumption-in-castilla-y-le%C3%A3-n-spain
#16
L H Martín Arias, C Treceño Lobato, S Pérez García, P García Ortega, M Sáinz Gil, R Sanz Fadrique, A Carvajal García-Pando
OBJECTIVES: Antipsychotics are currently used to treat different diseases; even some off-labelled conditions are treated with this medication. Consumption and cost of antipsychotic drugs sharply increased in Spain after second-generation drugs were marketed; several regulatory measures were adopted to curb this trend. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of these measures upon the use and cost of antipsychotics. STUDY DESIGN: Study of drug use (SDU) from 1995 to 2012...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924186/treatment-of-chronic-hepatitis-c-infection-with-sofosbuvir-based-regimens-in-a-commercially-insured-patient-population
#17
John Barron, Yiqiong Xie, Sze-Jung Wu, Jeff White, Joseph Singer, Bernard Tulsi, Alan Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: The response to treatment with direct-acting antiviral agents in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) is not well-characterized in the real-world setting. OBJECTIVE: To describe patients' response to 3 sofosbuvir-based treatment regimens among commercially insured patients with chronic HCV. METHODS: In this observational study, we identified patients with HCV who started sofosbuvir treatment with 1 of 3 sofosbuvir-based regimens between December 1, 2013, and April 30, 2014, in the HealthCore Integrated Research Database, a large managed care repository...
September 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920947/the-daniel-k-inouye-college-of-pharmacy-scripts-poha-berry-physalis-peruviana-with-potential-anti-inflammatory-and-cancer-prevention-activities
#18
Leng Chee Chang, Mayuramas Sang-Ngern, John M Pezzuto, Carolyn Ma
The Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy, during a historic event in Spring 2016, graduated the first two students in the Pacific region to earn a PhD in pharmaceutical sciences at the University of Hawai'i at Hilo. The college offers PhD programs in these five disciplines: Cancer Biology, Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Pharmacognosy, and Pharmacology. One of the Pharmacognosy dissertations focused on plant-derived natural products with potential anti-inflammatory and cancer chemopreventive activities...
November 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919177/economic-burden-of-inadequate-symptom-control-among-us-commercially-insured-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-with-diarrhea
#19
Jessica L Buono, Kush Mathur, Amelia J Averitt, David A Andrae
AIMS: To assess healthcare resource use and costs among irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) with diarrhea (IBS-D) patients with and without evidence of inadequate symptom control on current prescription therapies and estimate incremental all-cause costs associated with inadequate symptom control. METHODS: IBS-D patients aged ≥18 years with ≥1 medical claim for IBS (ICD-9-CM 564.1x) and either ≥2 claims for diarrhea (ICD-9-CM 787.91, 564.5x), or ≥1 claim for diarrhea plus ≥1 claim for abdominal pain (ICD-9-CM 789...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917730/social-and-economic-consequences-of-alcohol-use-disorder-a-longitudinal-cohort-and-co-relative-analysis
#20
K S Kendler, H Ohlsson, K J Karriker-Jaffe, J Sundquist, K Sundquist
BACKGROUND: Although alcohol use disorder (AUD) is associated with future risk for psychosocial dysfunction, the degree to which this arises from a direct causal effect of AUD on functioning v. from correlated risk factors (also known as confounders) is less clearly established. METHOD: AUD was assessed from Swedish medical, criminal and pharmacy registries. In a large general population cohort, using Cox proportional hazard and regression models, we predicted from the onset of AUD four outcomes: early retirement, unemployment, social assistance, and individual income...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Medicine
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