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Pharmacist economics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434673/practical-differences-between-luteinizing-hormone-releasing-hormone-agonists-in-prostate-cancer-perspectives-across-the-spectrum-of-care
#1
REVIEW
Davide Meani, Mladen Solarić, Harri Visapää, Rose-Marie Rosén, Robert Janknegt, Majana Soče
Background: Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) with luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists is well established for the treatment of men with metastatic prostate cancer. As clear differences in efficacy, safety, or tolerability between the available LHRH agonists are lacking, the healthcare management team needs to look to practical differences between the formulations when selecting therapy for their patients. Moreover, as the economic burden of prostate cancer rises alongside earlier diagnosis and improved survival, the possibility for cost savings by using products with specific features is growing in importance...
February 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400987/dose-rounding-of-biologic-and-cytotoxic-anticancer-agents-a-position-statement-of-the-hematology-oncology-pharmacy-association
#2
Rebecca Fahrenbruch, Polly Kintzel, Anne Marie Bott, Steven Gilmore, Ryan Markham
PURPOSE: To present a position statement from the Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association (HOPA) that pertains to dose rounding of biologic and cytotoxic anticancer agents. METHODS: The HOPA Standards Committee organized a work group of oncology pharmacist specialists to examine the safety and value of dose rounding of biologic and cytotoxic anticancer agents. Primary literature that describes methods for dose rounding, with clinical or economic data, were analyzed...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398405/consumer-willingness-to-pay-for-pharmacy-services-an-updated-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Jacob T Painter, Laura Gressler, Niranjan Kathe, S Lane Slabaugh, Karen Blumenschein
BACKGROUND: Quantifying the value of pharmacy services is imperative for the profession as it works to establish an expanded role within evolving health care systems. The literature documents the work that many have contributed toward meeting this goal. To date, however, the preponderance of evidence evaluates the value of pharmacist services to third-party payers; few published studies address the value that consumers place on these services. OBJECTIVES: In 1999, a review of studies that used the contingent valuation method to value pharmacy services was published...
February 2, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395013/-outcomes-after-a-2-year-pharmaceutical-care-program-for-patients-taking-vitamin-k-antagonist-therapy-community-pharmacist-s-perception
#4
C Mongaret, C Lepage, L Aubert, A Lestrille, F Slimano
OBJECTIVES: Since 2013 French community pharmacist are involved in pharmaceutical care program (PCP) for patients treated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA). While PCPs are now extending to other patient populations, we aimed to evaluate pharmacists' perception after 2-years implementation and leading of PCP. METHODS: A prospective investigational survey from 1st August to 31st December, 2015 from 400 community pharmacies in Champagne-Ardenne Region. Survey focuses on 3 points: first about implementation and leading of PCP; secondly about patient's population description; finally on the global perception by CP about new tasks...
January 24, 2018: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384026/evaluation-of-an-academic-community-partnership-to-implement-mtm-services-in-rural-communities-to-improve-pharmaceutical-care-for-patients-with-diabetes-and-or-hypertension
#5
Melissa Johnson, Rebecca Jastrzab, Jared Tate, Kate Johnson, Elizabeth Hall-Lipsy, Rose Martin, Ann M Taylor, Terri Warholak
BACKGROUND: Although the current methods of medication therapy management (MTM) delivery have demonstrably improved therapeutic, safety, economic, and humanistic health outcomes, patient- and prescriber-level barriers persist, limiting its reach and effectiveness. OBJECTIVE: To assess telephonic- and community-based clinical pharmacy services in improving health indicators for rural, underserved patients. METHODS: In 2014, an established MTM provider created a novel, collaborative pilot program with independent retail and community health center pharmacies to provide comprehensive, telephonic MTM services to rural Arizonans...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384024/clinical-and-economic-effects-of-a-pharmacist-administered-antiretroviral-therapy-adherence-clinic-for-patients-living-with-hiv
#6
Thomas J Dilworth, Pamela W Klein, Renée-Claude Mercier, Matthew E Borrego, Bernadette Jakeman, Steven D Pinkerton
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists have demonstrated the ability to improve patient adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and economic effects of a pharmacist-administered ART adherence clinic for patients living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: This pilot study with a pretest-posttest design examined the effect of a pharmacy adherence clinic on patient HIV viral load and CD4 count over a 6-month period...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384022/clinical-and-economic-benefits-of-pharmacist-involvement-in-a-community-hospital-affiliated-patient-centered-medical-home
#7
Meredith L Tate, Sydney Hopper, Sean Paul Bergeron
BACKGROUND: The primary goals of an accountable care organization (ACO) are to reduce health care spending and increase quality of care. Within an ACO, pharmacists have a unique opportunity to help carry out these goals within patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs). Pharmacy presence is increasing in these integrated care models, but the pharmacist's role and benefit is still being defined. OBJECTIVE: To exhibit the clinical and economic benefit of pharmacist involvement in ACOs and PCMHs as documented by clinical interventions (CIs) and drug cost reductions...
February 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367775/cost-effectiveness-of-using-standardized-patients-to-assess-student-pharmacist-communication-skills
#8
Chris Gillette, Robert B Stanton, Nicole Rockich-Winston, Michael Rudolph, H Glenn Anderson
Objective. To explore the cost-effectiveness of including standardized patients (SP) in the didactic curriculum for application and assessment of students' pharmacist-patient communication skills. Methods. Five role play/case study (RP/CS) activities from a communication skills curriculum were replaced with five SP encounters. Communication was assessed using a rubric. This study developed an economic model to examine the costs and effectiveness of replacing RP/CS events with SP events in knowledge-application and communication assessment...
December 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360241/exploring-the-frequency-and-location-of-prescribing-errors-in-the-use-of-topical-glaucoma-medications
#9
Bansri K Lakhani, Anthony J King
IMPORTANCE: Very little is known about healthcare professional related prescribing errors within the glaucoma setting. BACKGROUND: This study aims to quantify these errors and to explore where they occur along the prescribing pathway. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of patients attending a specialty glaucoma clinic over a 5-month period. PARTICIPANTS: Data was collected on 109 patients. METHODS: We compared glaucoma drop regimes from 4 different sources: As documented in the hospital notes for the last appointment, the letter sent to the General Practitioner (GP), patient's self-reporting and bottles/prescriptions brought to the clinic appointment...
January 23, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29358030/the-future-of-pharmacy-practice-research-perspectives-of-academics-and-practitioners-from-australia-nz-united-kingdom-canada-and-usa
#10
Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar, Shane Scahill, Raveena Amee Nagaria, Louise E Curley
BACKGROUND: Healthcare is under significant pressure with the explosion of long term conditions, shift in worldwide demographics and is evolving through advances in technology. Aligned with this is the changing role of pharmacy from the traditional dispenser of medicines to having (in addition) a more advanced clinical role. This study aimed to understand what the pharmacy practice research agenda might look like from the viewpoint of pharmacy academics and practitioners across five high-income countries...
January 11, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344376/effectiveness-of-pharmacist-s-intervention-in-the-management-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Stefano Omboni, Marina Caserini
The pharmacist may play a relevant role in primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases, mainly through patient education and counselling, drug safety management, medication review, monitoring and reconciliation, detection and control of specific cardiovascular risk factors (eg, blood pressure, blood glucose, serum lipids) and clinical outcomes. Systematic reviews of randomised controlled and observational studies have documented an improved control of hypertension, dyslipidaemia or diabetes, smoking cessation and reduced hospitalisation in patients with heart failure, following a pharmacist's intervention...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324831/the-plantlibra-consumer-survey-findings-on-the-use-of-plant-food-supplements-in-italy
#12
Patrizia Restani, Chiara Di Lorenzo, Alicia Garcia-Alvarez, Gianfranco Frigerio, Francesca Colombo, Franco M Maggi, Raimon Milà-Villarroel, Lluis Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: Food supplements, and in particular those containing botanicals (plant food supplements, PFS), have in recent decades been of great interest both to consumers and to food/pharmaceutical industries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to examine replies by Italian consumers to the PlantLIBRA consumers' survey in order to: 1) assess the behaviour of an Italian population with respect to the use of PFS, and to compare it with that of other 5 countries involved in the whole survey; 2) identify different habits in the 4 Italian cities selected according to their geographical distribution; 3) collect independent information on the actual intake of PFS and consumers' behaviour...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322274/evidence-of-clinical-and-economic-impact-of-pharmacist-interventions-related-to-antimicrobials-in-the-hospital-setting
#13
REVIEW
L Leache, I Aquerreta, A Aldaz, A Idoate, A Ortega
The purpose of this paper was to review the literature regarding the clinical and economic impact of pharmacist interventions (PIs) related to antimicrobials in the hospital setting. A PubMed literature search from January 2003 to March 2016 was conducted using the terms pharmacist* or clinical pharmacist* combined with antimicrobial* or antibiotic* or anti-infective*. Comparative studies that assessed the clinical and/or economic impact of PIs on antimicrobials in the hospital setting were reviewed. Outcomes were classified as: treatment-related outcomes (TROs), clinical outcomes (COs), cost and microbiological outcomes (MOs)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317918/awareness-of-the-implementation-of-the-falsified-medicines-directive-among-pharmaceutical-companies-professionals-in-the-european-economic-area
#14
Urszula WŁodarczak, Damian Swieczkowski, Urszula Religioni, Milosz Jaguszewski, Jerzy Krysinski, Piotr Merks
Background: The Falsified Medicines Directive (FMD) is a response of the European Union to the increasing number of falsified medicines present in the legal supply chain within the Member States of the community. Effective implementation of the new regulations will depend on the effective cooperation of all parties involved in the distribution of medicinal products including the managers of pharmaceutical companies. Objective: The objective of the study was to examine awareness of the Implementation of the FMD among pharmaceutical company professionals in the European Economic Area...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290677/clinical-relevance-and-cost-savings-of-levocarnitine-versus-ammonul-in-the-management-of-hyperammonemia-in-a-cancer-patient-the-impact-of-a-clinical-pharmacist
#15
Chukwuma Anyanwu, Chinonso Ezeudu, Hoa Le, Oliver Egwim
Background: Hyperammonemia, a relatively uncommon condition characterized by elevated ammonia levels in the blood, presents with varied physiological etiologies that may send patients to the intensive care unit (ICU) with encephalopathy. An immediate decrease in ammonia levels is necessary to avert neurological damage. However, due to the multifaceted nature of hyperammonemia, a definite determination of etiology is not always possible. Objective: This case report examines the clinical and economic impact of a pharmacist in managing acute hyperammonemia of unknown etiology in a 62-year-old Hispanic man who had recently been diagnosed with metastatic medullary thyroid cancer and associated hypercalcemia...
January 2018: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285002/historical-contribution-of-pharmaceutics-to-botany-and-pharmacognosy-development
#16
REVIEW
Lejla Zunic, Armin Skrbo, Amra Dobraca
Introduction: Pharmacy and medicine belong to the oldest human activities, so the development of these sciences is closely related to the socio-economic, cultural and religious opportunities of the nations within which they have been developing. Goals: To present the historical influence of pharmacy on the development of the human being from its very beginning; To present the historical link between pharmaceutical and medical activity, as well as early development of independent pharmaceutical activity; To present the historical influence of pharmacists on the development of botany and pharmacognosy and to present the historical influence of the first written herbarium and incunabula on the development of pharmacognosy...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180545/implementation-of-a-standardized-medication-therapy-management-plus-approach-within-primary-care
#17
Emily J Schwartz, Jacques Turgeon, Jay Patel, Parag Patel, Hetal Shah, Amalia M Issa, Orsula V Knowlton, Calvin H Knowlton, Kevin T Bain
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to implement a clinical pharmacist-led medication therapy management (MTM) service within a primary-care setting that is enhanced by 1) a clinical decision support system (CDSS) that includes a unique combination of medication risk mitigation factors, which aids the pharmacist in interpreting the medication profile, and 2) pharmacogenomics (PGx) testing. METHODS: This was a service implementation study, whereby Medicare beneficiaries were eligible if they were patients of Elmwood Family Physicians, a private family, primary care practice with 2 locations in New Jersey, and were on at least 7 medications...
November 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130384/characterising-the-growth-in-palliative-care-prescribing-2011-2015-analysis-of-national-medical-and-non-medical-activity
#18
Lucy Ziegler, Michael I Bennett, Matt Mulvey, Tim Hamilton, Alison Blenkinsopp
BACKGROUND: The role of non-medical prescribers working in palliative care has been expanding in recent years and prescribers report improvements in patient care, patient safety, better use of health professionals' skills and more flexible team working. Despite this, there is a lack of empirical evidence to demonstrate its clinical and economic impact, limiting our understanding of the future role of non-medical prescribers within a healthcare system serving an increasing number of people with palliative care needs...
November 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114694/the-impact-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-improving-jordanian-patients-health-outcomes
#19
Eman A Hammad, Rajaa A Qudah, Amal A Akour
To assess the impacts of clinical pharmacists on Jordanian patients' health outcomes. Methods: A systematic review was conducted until July 2016 within EBSCO, Pubmed, Cochrane database, and ISI Web of Knowledge. Published studies evaluating the benefit of clinical pharmacy services on therapeutic, safety, humanistic, and economic outcomes in hospital or community settings in Jordan were targeted. Two reviewers independently extracted and assessed risk of bias using a pre-published validated tool. The literature search identified 130 publications of which 21 full texts met predetermined inclusion criteria...
November 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076447/aging-in-place-our-house-is-a-very-very-very-fine-house
#20
Jeannette Y Wick
As 10,000 American baby boomers turn 65 years of age every day between 2017 and 2030, society needs to help our aging population find ways to handle the restrictions and limitations that come with increasing age: visual impairment, hearing loss, osteoarthritis, dementia, and other conditions common in older adults. Institutional or long-term care for elderly individuals costs an average of $82,000 to $92,000 per person per year and varies by location. Care in an assisted living facility costs $43,500 per person annually...
October 1, 2017: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
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