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Pharmacist economics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057949/impact-of-targeted-educational-interventions-on-clostridium-difficile-infection-treatment-in-critically-ill-adults
#1
Drayton A Hammond, Catherine A Hughes, Jacob T Painter, Rose E Pennick, Kshitij Chatterjee, Bradley Boye, Nikhil Meena
Background: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a growing clinical and economic burden throughout the world. Pharmacists often are members of the primary care team in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting; however, the impact of pharmacists educating other health care providers on appropriateness of CDI treatment has not been previously examined. Objective: This study was performed to determine the impact of structured educational interventions on CDI treatment on appropriateness of CDI treatment and clinical outcomes...
December 2016: Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056998/factors-associated-with-occupancy-of-pharmacist-positions-in-public-sector-hospitals-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Thomas Ocwa Obua, Richard Odoi Adome, Paul Kutyabami, Freddy Eric Kitutu, Pakoyo Fadhiru Kamba
BACKGROUND: Pharmacists are invaluable resources in health care. Their expertise in pharmacotherapy and medicine management both ensures that medicines of appropriate quality are available in health facilities at the right cost and are used appropriately. Unfortunately, some countries like Uganda have shortage of pharmacists in public health facilities, the dominant providers of care. This study investigated the factors that affect the occupancy of pharmacist positions in Uganda's public hospitals, including hiring patterns and job attraction and retention...
January 5, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055000/personalising-care-of-adults-with-asthma-from-asia-a-modified-e-dephi-consensus-study-to-inform-management-tailored-to-attitude-and-control-profiles
#3
Alison Chisholm, David B Price, Hilary Pinnock, Tan Tze Lee, Camilo Roa, Sang-Heon Cho, Aileen David-Wang, Gary Wong, Thys van der Molen, Dermot Ryan, Nina Castillo-Carandang, Yee Vern Yong
REALISE Asia-an online questionnaire-based study of Asian asthma patients-identified five patient clusters defined in terms of their control status and attitude towards their asthma (categorised as: 'Well-adjusted and at least partly controlled'; 'In denial about symptoms'; 'Tolerating with poor control'; 'Adrift and poorly controlled'; 'Worried with multiple symptoms'). We developed consensus recommendations for tailoring management of these attitudinal-control clusters. An expert panel undertook a three-round electronic Delphi (e-Delphi): Round 1: panellists received descriptions of the attitudinal-control clusters and provided free text recommendations for their assessment and management...
January 5, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049892/maintenance-of-clinical-expertise-and-clinical-research-by-the-clinical-professors-at-gifu-pharmaceutical-university
#4
Tomoya Tachi, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Hitomi Teramachi
 The clinical professors at Gifu Pharmaceutical University (GPU) provide pharmaceutical services at GPU Pharmacy, Gifu University Hospital, and Gifu Municipal Hospital to keep their clinical skills up-to-date; they also perform clinical research in collaboration with many clinical institutes. The Laboratory of Clinical Pharmacy is part of the Department of Pharmacy Practice and Science, to which the clinical professors belong, and is composed of three clinical professors (a professor, an associate professor, and an assistant professor)...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044932/ubiquitous-pharmacogenomics-u-pgx-the-time-for-implementation-is-now-an-horizon2020-program-to-drive-pharmacogenomics-into-clinical-practice
#5
Erika Cecchin, Rossana Roncato, Hendrik Jan Guchelaar, Giuseppe Toffoli, and for the Ubiquitous Pharmacogenomics Consortium
Although the clinical validity of a number of pharmacogenetic markers is nowadays a matter of fact, and led authoritative scientific consortia as the Dutch Pharmacogenetic Working Group (DPWG) and the Clinical Pharmacogenomics Implementation Consortium (CPIC) to publish pharmacogenetic guidelines, the clinical implementation in the real life remains challenging. Ubiquitous Pharmacogenomics (U-PGx) program is a coordinated effort that put together scientific and clinical expertise in the pharmacogenomic field, to implement the pre-emptive pharmacogenomic approach in the clinical practice in Europe, and to demonstrate its benefit in both patients clinical outcome and quality of life, with an economic advantage for the healthcare system...
2, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973256/clinical-and-economic-outcomes-of-pharmacist-provided-home-based-medication-review-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
S Y Tan, H H Cheen, H L Wee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972733/humanistic-and-economic-outcomes-of-pharmacist-provided-medication-reviews-in-the-elderly-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Z W Loh, H H Cheen, H L Wee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971069/clinical-and-economic-outcomes-of-pharmacist-intervention-during-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-program-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Y A Alomi, H Y Almudaiheem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971067/assessment-of-clinical-and-economic-outcomes-of-pharmacist-intervention-in-total-parenteral-nutrition-program-in-saudi-arabia
#9
Y A Alomi, A O Fallatah, E H Al-Smail
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971066/clinical-and-economic-impact-of-pharmacist-intervention-at-critical-care-of-private-hospital-in-riydah-saudi-arabia
#10
Y A Alomi, M El-Bahnasawi, A I Elemam, S H Elgaili, M Kamran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917846/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-physicians-and-pharmacists-towards-the-use-of-generic-medicines-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#11
Tarik Čatić, Lejla Avdagić, Igor Martinović
Aim To investigate and assess knowledge and attitudes of pharmacists and physicians towards generic drugs prescription in order to evaluate current trends, obstacles to prescribe/dispense generics and suggest possible improvements of rational and economic prescribing having in mind scarce public budgets for drugs. Methods A cross-sectional survey among 450 primary care physicians (prescribers) and pharmacists in four major cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Sarajevo, Banja Luka, Tuzla and Mostar) during the period between January and March 2016 was conducted...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881915/copd-care-delivery-pathways-in-five-european-union-countries-mapping-and-health-care-professionals-perceptions
#12
Reem Kayyali, Bassel Odeh, Inéz Frerichs, Nikki Davies, Eleni Perantoni, Shona D'arcy, Anouk W Vaes, John Chang, Martijn A Spruit, Brenda Deering, Nada Philip, Roshan Siva, Evangelos Kaimakamis, Ioanna Chouvarda, Barbara Pierscionek, Norbert Weiler, Emiel Fm Wouters, Andreas Raptopoulos, Shereen Nabhani-Gebara
BACKGROUND: COPD is among the leading causes of chronic morbidity and mortality in the European Union with an estimated annual economic burden of €25.1 billion. Various care pathways for COPD exist across Europe leading to different responses to similar problems. Determining these differences and the similarities may improve health and the functioning of health services. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare COPD patients' care pathway in five European Union countries including England, Ireland, the Netherlands, Greece, and Germany and to explore health care professionals' (HCPs) perceptions about the current pathways...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873322/non-medical-prescribing-versus-medical-prescribing-for-acute-and-chronic-disease-management-in-primary-and-secondary-care
#13
REVIEW
Greg Weeks, Johnson George, Katie Maclure, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: A range of health workforce strategies are needed to address health service demands in low-, middle- and high-income countries. Non-medical prescribing involves nurses, pharmacists, allied health professionals, and physician assistants substituting for doctors in a prescribing role, and this is one approach to improve access to medicines. OBJECTIVES: To assess clinical, patient-reported, and resource use outcomes of non-medical prescribing for managing acute and chronic health conditions in primary and secondary care settings compared with medical prescribing (usual care)...
22, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866336/the-role-of-clinical-pharmacists-in-treatment-adherence-fast-impact-in-suppression-of-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-development-and-symptoms
#14
Silmara Mendes Martins Moulin, Frederico Jacob Eutrópio, Jessica de Oliveira Souza, Fernanda de Oliveira Busato, David N Olivieri, Carlos Eduardo Tadokoro
PURPOSE: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a clonal myeloproliferative disease, accounting for 15 to 20% of leukemias, with an incidence of one to two cases/100,000 inhabitants. In Brazil, the estimated incidence of leukemia is six cases/100,000 men and 4.28 cases/100,000 women. CML is characterized by the presence of the Philadelphia chromosome. At present, three types of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) are administered to treat CML patients in the Brazilian public national health system (NHS), called the Unified Health System (in Portuguese, "Sistema Único de Saúde", SUS)...
November 19, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852268/contribution-of-health-workforce-to-health-outcomes-empirical-evidence-from-vietnam
#15
Mai Phuong Nguyen, Tolib Mirzoev, Thi Minh Le
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam, a lower-middle income country, while the overall skill- and knowledge-based quality of health workforce is improving, health workers are disproportionately distributed across different economic regions. A similar trend appears to be in relation to health outcomes between those regions. It is unclear, however, whether there is any relationship between the distribution of health workers and the achievement of health outcomes in the context of Vietnam. This study examines the statistical relationship between the availability of health workers and health outcomes across the different economic regions in Vietnam...
November 16, 2016: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789949/managing-drug-resistant-epilepsy-challenges-and-solutions
#16
REVIEW
Linda Dalic, Mark J Cook
Despite the development of new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), ~20%-30% of people with epilepsy remain refractory to treatment and are said to have drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). This multifaceted condition comprises intractable seizures, neurobiochemical changes, cognitive decline, and psychosocial dysfunction. An ongoing challenge to both researchers and clinicians alike, DRE management is complicated by the heterogeneity among this patient group. The underlying mechanism of DRE is not completely understood. Many hypotheses exist, and relate to both the intrinsic characteristics of the particular epilepsy (associated syndrome/lesion, initial response to AED, and the number and type of seizures prior to diagnosis) and other pharmacological mechanisms of resistance...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770591/economic-evaluation-of-chronic-disease-self-management-for-people-with-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#17
C Teljeur, P S Moran, S Walshe, S M Smith, F Cianci, L Murphy, P Harrington, M Ryan
AIMS: To systematically review the evidence on the costs and cost-effectiveness of self-management support interventions for people with diabetes. BACKGROUND: Self-management support is the provision of education and supportive interventions to increase patients' skills and confidence in managing their health problems, potentially leading to improvements in HbA1c levels in people with diabetes. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials, observational studies or economic modelling studies were eligible for inclusion in the review...
October 22, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769877/clinical-effectiveness-and-cost-savings-in-diabetes-care-supported-by-pharmacist-counselling
#18
Magaly Rodriguez de Bittner, Viktor V Chirikov, Ian M Breunig, Roxanne W Zaghab, Fadia Tohme Shaya
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness and cost savings of a real-world, continuous, pharmacist-delivered service with an employed patient population with diabetes over a 5-year period. SETTING: The Patients, Pharmacists Partnerships (P(3) Program) was offered as an "opt-in" benefit to employees of 6 public and private self-insured employers in Maryland and Virginia. Care was provided in ZIP code-matched locations and at 2 employers' worksites. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Six hundred two enrolled patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes were studied between July 2006 and May 2012 with an average follow-up of 2...
January 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756925/net-income-of-pharmacy-faculty-compared-to-community-and-hospital-pharmacists
#19
Marie A Chisholm-Burns, Justin Gatwood, Christina A Spivey, Susan E Dickey
Objective. To compare the net cumulative income of community pharmacists, hospital pharmacists, and full-time pharmacy faculty members (residency-trained or with a PhD after obtaining a PharmD) in pharmacy practice, medicinal chemistry, pharmaceutics, pharmacology, and social and administrative sciences. Methods. Markov modeling was conducted to calculate net projected cumulative earnings of career paths by estimating the costs of education, including the costs of obtaining degrees and student loans. Results...
September 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752295/observations-illustrating-the-use-of-health-informatics-to-link-public-health-immunization-registries-and-pharmacies-to-increase-adult-immunization-rates-and-improve-population-health-outcomes
#20
Michael Popovich, Brandy Altstadter, Lara Hargraves Popovich
The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act encourages health information exchange between clinical care and public health through Meaningful Use measures. Meaningful Use specifically identifies objectives to support a number of public health programs including immunizations, cancer registries, syndromic surveillance, and disease case reports. The objective is to improve public and population health. Stage 2 of Meaningful Use focused on compliance to sending of information to public health...
2016: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
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