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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139017/short-term-and-long-term-outcomes-of-a-vocational-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-acquired-brain-injury-in-the-netherlands
#1
Caroline H van Dongen, Paulien H Goossens, Inge E van Zee, Kirsten N Verpoort, Thea P M Vliet Vlieland, Judith M van Velzen
Purpose To describe short-term and long-term work status after a vocational rehabilitation (VR) program in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI) in the Netherlands. Methods Patients with ABI who participated in a VR program between 2007 and 2010 were included in this study. The 4-month VR program included a multidisciplinary assessment, three meetings with all stakeholders and reintegration with coaching on the job. Short-term results at the end of the VR program were based on data extracted from medical records...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138936/working-hours-and-depressive-symptoms-over-7%C3%A2-years-evidence-from-a-korean-panel-study
#2
Seoyeon Ahn
PURPOSE: This study aims to examine how working hours influence depressive symptoms and the association between working hours and depressive symptoms differently across genders. METHOD: The sample consists of salaried workers aged 25-64 years who participated in two consecutive waves of the seven-wave Korean Welfare Panel Study (2007-2013) (n = 6813 individuals, 27,986 observations) which is a survey of a nationally representative sample of the South Korean population...
November 14, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138608/sleep-positions-and-nocturnal-body-movements-based-on-free-living-accelerometer-recordings-association-with-demographics-lifestyle-and-insomnia-symptoms
#3
Eivind Schjelderup Skarpsno, Paul Jarle Mork, Tom Ivar Lund Nilsen, Andreas Holtermann
Background: In order to establish normative values for body positions and movements during sleep, the objective of this study was to explore the distribution of sleep positions and extent of nocturnal body moments and the association with sex, age, body-mass index (BMI), smoking, alcohol consumption, and insomnia symptoms. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study comprised data on a working population (363 men and 301 women) who participated in the Danish Physical Activity Cohort with Objective Measurements (DPHACTO)...
2017: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138214/sport-science-internships-for-learning-a-critical-view
#4
EDITORIAL
James J Malone
Sport science has gained vast popularity with students who have an interest in both physiology and the underpinning mechanisms of exercise concerning performance and health. The high numbers of graduates each year, coupled with the low number of graduate positions working in sports, has led to a high level of competition between students. To stand out from the crowd, sport science students may undertake an internship placement as part of their course, designed to enhance theoretical, practical, and soft skills in an applied setting...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138128/will-participatory-syndromic-surveillance-work-in-latin-america-piloting-a-mobile-approach-to-crowdsource-influenza-like-illness-data-in-guatemala
#5
José Tomás Prieto, Jorge H Jara, Juan Pablo Alvis, Luis R Furlan, Christian Travis Murray, Judith Garcia, Pierre-Jean Benghozi, Susan Cornelia Kaydos-Daniels
BACKGROUND: In many Latin American countries, official influenza reports are neither timely nor complete, and surveillance of influenza-like illness (ILI) remains thin in consistency and precision. Public participation with mobile technology may offer new ways of identifying nonmedically attended cases and reduce reporting delays, but no published studies to date have assessed the viability of ILI surveillance with mobile tools in Latin America. We implemented and assessed an ILI-tailored mobile health (mHealth) participatory reporting system...
November 14, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137786/sonochemical-synthesis-of-fe3o4-nh2-mesoporous-silica-polypyrrole-pd-a-core-double-shell-nanocomposite-for-catalytic-applications
#6
Youssef Snoussi, Stéphane Bastide, Manef Abderrabba, Mohamed M Chehimi
There is a growing interest in sonochemistry for either the controlled design of nanostructured materials or for the synthesis of polymers and polymer composites. It is fast and highly efficient method that provides materials with exceptional and enhanced structural and chemical properties. Herein, we take advantage of the versatile sonochemical process in order to design core/double layered shell nanocomposite denoted by Fe3O4@NH2-mesoporous silica@ PPy/Pd. This magnetic, multicomponent material was designed in a three-step sono-process: (i) synthesis of magnetic core, (ii) cure of mesoporous silica, and (iii) sonochemical deposition of PPy/Pd...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136342/direct-intranasal-application-of-the-solid-phase-of-immunocap%C3%A2-increases-nasal-specific-immunoglobulin-e-detection-in-local-allergic-rhinitis-patients
#7
Paloma Campo, María Del Carmen Plaza-Seron, Ibon Eguiluz-Gracia, Jesús Verge, Luisa Galindo, Esther Barrionuevo, Javier Fernandez, Raquel Jurado, Cristobalina Mayorga, María José Torres, Carmen Rondón
BACKGROUND: The measurement of nasal specific IgE (NsIgE) in local allergic rhinitis (LAR) patients is challenging and shows variability. The objective of this work was to evaluate a minimally-invasive method of direct detection of NsIgE in patients with LAR to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (DP) using an automated immunoassay. METHODS: Fifty patients participated (LAR, n = 14; allergic rhinitis (AR), n = 20; healthy controls [HC], n = 16). Detection of NsIgE was performed by direct application of the solid phase of a commercial DP ImmunoCAP® test 24 hours after DP nasal provocation...
November 14, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136195/hour-by-hour-physical-activity-patterns-of-adults-aged-45-65-years-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
F M Jansen, G H van Kollenburg, C B M Kamphuis, F H Pierik, D F Ettema
Background: Limited information exists on hour-by-hour physical activity (PA) patterns among adults aged 45-65 years. Therefore, this study aimed to distinguish typical hour-by-hour PA patterns, and examined which individuals typically adopt certain PA patterns. Methods: Accelerometers measured light and moderate-vigorous PA. GIS-data provided proportions of land use within an 800 and 1600 m buffer around participant's homes. Latent class analyses were performed to distinguish PA patterns and groups of individuals with similar PA patterns...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135851/the-impact-of-an-electronic-medication-administration-record-emar-and-computerized-physician-order-entry-cpoe-on-nurse-extender-and-unit-clerk-staffing
#9
Edmondo J Robinson, Meredith R Bergey, Elizabeth Brady, Alexandra M Mapp, Jennifer C Goldsack
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the impact of the introduction of health information technology (HIT) on the utilization and payroll costs of nurse extenders and unit clerks in medicine and surgery units in a large regional health system. BACKGROUND: Long-term policy goals of HIT implementation are reported to include system-level reductions in labor costs, achieved through improved efficiency. METHODS: Using a retrospective cohort model, we analyzed how hours worked per patient day and staffing costs per patient day varied with the implementation of HIT over time at 2 different hospitals within a health system...
December 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135840/costs-and-burden-associated-with-loss-of-labor-productivity-in-informal-caregivers-of-people-with-dementia-results-from-spain
#10
Marta Farré, Belchin Kostov, Josep Maria Haro, Esther Cabrera, Ester Risco, MCarmen Alvira, Susana Miguel, Adelaida Zabalegui
AIMS: We analyzed indirect costs related to loss of labor productivity (LLP) in informal caregivers (ICs) of people with dementia (PwD) and the associated caregiver burden and patients' clinical variables. METHODS: Multicenter cohort study of PwD and their ICs (n = 287) focused on two groups: (1) home care and (2) institutional long-term care. The costs of LLP were assessed using the Resource Utilization Dementia instrument and a human capital approach. RESULTS: The cost for LLP was 378&OV0556;/month or 4...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135839/patterns-of-opioid-prescribing-and-predictors-of-chronic-opioid-use-in-an-industrial-cohort-2003-to-2013
#11
Mellisa A Pensa, Deron H Galusha, Linda F Cantley
OBJECTIVE: To appreciate the impact of the opioid epidemic in workers, we described opioid prescription patterns in a US industrial cohort over a 10-year period and assessed predictors of chronic prescription. METHODS: A multiyear (2003 to 2013) cross-sectional analysis of employer-sponsored health care claims for enrolled workers (N: 21,357 to 44,769) was performed. RESULTS: The proportion of workers prescribed opioids nearly doubled in the 10-year period...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135621/efficacy-of-implementation-of-a-chest-pain-center-at-a-community-hospital
#12
Alexandra Davis, Jason Chiu, Stanley K Lau, Yih Jen Kok, Jonathan Y H Wu
INTRODUCTION: Chest pain is the second leading cause for emergency department (ED) visits in the United States; however, <20% of the patients have acute coronary syndrome that require immediate attention. The HEART score is designed for rapid risk stratification of ED chest pain patients using the following criteria: history, electrocardiogram, age, risk factors, and troponin. It has been shown to be superior in identifying patients with low (HEART score 0-3) and high (7-10) risk of major adverse cardiac events, who can then be rapidly discharged or admitted for intervention...
December 2017: Critical Pathways in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135590/the-analgesic-effect-of-ultrasound-guided-quadratus-lumborum-block-after-cesarean-delivery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Anders Krohg, Kyrre Ullensvang, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Eldrid Langesæter, Axel R Sauter
BACKGROUND: Landmark and ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane blocks have demonstrated an opioid-sparing effect postoperatively after cesarean delivery. The more posterior quadratus lumborum (QL) might provide superior local anesthetic spread to the thoracolumbar fascia and paravertebral space. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of the QL block after cesarean delivery. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial was performed. Forty parturients undergoing cesarean delivery received bilateral ultrasound-guided QL blocks with either 2 mg/mL ropivacaine or saline postoperatively...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135586/increased-hyperalgesia-and-proinflammatory-cytokines-in-the-spinal-cord-and-dorsal-root-ganglion-after-surgery-and-or-fentanyl-administration-in-rats
#14
Lu Chang, Fang Ye, Quehua Luo, Yuanxiang Tao, Haihua Shu
BACKGROUND: Perioperative fentanyl has been reported to induce hyperalgesia and increase postoperative pain. In this study, we tried to investigate behavioral hyperalgesia, the expression of proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and the activation of microglia in the spinal cord and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) in a rat model of surgical plantar incision with or without perioperative fentanyl. METHODS: Four groups of rats (n = 32 for each group) were subcutaneously injected with fentanyl at 60 μg/kg or normal saline for 4 times with 15-minute intervals...
November 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135460/evaluation-of-the-antimicrobial-activity-and-cytotoxic-effect-of-hydroxyapatite-containing-brazilian-propolis
#15
Antonio Márcio Scatolini, Silvana Marina Piccoli Pugine, Luci Cristina de Oliveira Vercik, Mariza Pires de Melo, Eliana Cristina da Silva Rigo
The aim of this work was to produce hydroxyapatite powder (HA) containing dry extract of green and red propolis, and to evaluate possible bactericidal activity of the materials in a short period of time through a fast release system. The ethanolic extracts of green and red propolis (EEP) were incorporated into the material by spray drying. After release tests, powders containing dry EEP were characterized regarding the content of total phenolics and flavonoids. Materials characterization was made by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR)...
November 14, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135142/-investigation-of-serum-cysteine-concentration-to-monitor-glomerular-filtration-rate-for-early-diagnosis-of-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-combined-trauma
#16
I A Miziev, M Kh Makhov
AIM: / To determine the early diagnostic criteria for acute kidney injury in patients with combined trauma using serum cystatin C as a biomarker in the diagnostic work-up of the affected patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: / The study comprised 42 patients who suffered combined trauma from 2015 to 2016. Cystatin C level was measured in serum. Blood sampling was done on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th day of the injury. The patients were predominantly men (80%). Renal function was tested by measuring the rate of filtration and reabsorption using the Reberg-Tareev test...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131629/enzymatic-synthesis-and-structural-characterization-of-theanderose-through-transfructosylation-reaction-catalyzed-by-levansucrase-from-bacillus-subtilis-cect-39
#17
Laura Ruiz-Aceituno, Maria Luz Sanz, Blanca de Las Rivas, Rosario Muñoz, Sofia Kolida, Maria Luisa Jimeno, F Javier Moreno
This work addresses the high-yield and fast enzymatic production of theanderose, a naturally-occurring carbohydrate, also known as isomaltosucrose, whose chemical structure determined by NMR is α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→6)-α-D-glucopyranosyl-(1→2)-β-D-fructofuranose. The ability of isomaltose to act as an acceptor in the Bacillus subtilis CECT 39 levansucrase-catalyzed transfructosylation reaction to efficiently produce theanderose in the presence of sucrose as a donor is described by using four different sucrose:isomaltose concentration ratios...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127499/dynamic-modeling-of-nitrogen-removal-for-a-three-stage-integrated-fixed-film-activated-sludge-process-treating-municipal-wastewater
#18
Paul Moretti, Jean-Marc Choubert, Jean-Pierre Canler, Pierre Buffière, Olivier Pétrimaux, Paul Lessard
The integrated fixed-film activated sludge (IFAS) process is being increasingly used to enhance nitrogen removal for former activated sludge systems. The aim of this work is to evaluate a numerical model of a new nitrifying/denitrifying IFAS configuration. It consists of two carrier-free reactors (anoxic and aerobic) and one IFAS reactor with a filling ratio of 43% of carriers, followed by a clarifier. Simulations were carried out with GPS-X involving the nitrification reaction combined with a 1D heterogeneous biofilm model, including attachment/detachment processes...
November 10, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127252/validation-of-an-ergonomic-method-to-withdraw-99m-tc-radiopharmaceuticals
#19
Sandy Blondeel-Gomes, Solène Marie, Julien Fouque, Sabrina Loyeau, Olivier Madar, François Lokiec
The main objective of the present work was to ensure quality of radiopharmaceuticals syringes withdrawn with a "Spinal needle/obturator In-Stopper" system. Methods: Visual examinations and physicochemical tests are performed at T0 and T+4h for [(99m)Tc]albumin nanocolloid and T+7h for [(99m)Tc]eluate, [(99m)Tc] HydroxyMethylene DiPhosphonate and [(99m)Tc]Human Serum Albumin. Microbiological validation was performed according to European pharmacopoeia. Fingertip radiation exposure was evaluated to confirm the safety of the system...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126665/risk-factors-for-unintentional-occupational-injury-among-urban-transit-bus-drivers-a-cohort-longitudinal-study
#20
Chia Wei, Susan G Gerberich, Andrew D Ryan, Bruce H Alexander, Timothy R Church, Michael Manser
PURPOSE: Although many studies have focused on bus operators' occupational diseases, work-related injury and associated risk factor data are limited. The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate unintentional injury and exposures that may affect injury risk among metropolitan bus operators. METHODS: Demographic, work-related, and injury data obtained from a metropolitan transit company for a 5-year period, enabled estimates of rates per 100 full time equivalents (FTEs) and adjusted Hazard Ratios (HRs), with 95% confidence intervals (CIs), using Generalized Estimating Equations and Cox proportional hazards models, respectively...
October 28, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
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