keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Work hour

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785180/career-choices-and-career-progression-of-junior-doctors-in-dermatology-surveys-of-uk-medical-graduates
#1
Atena Barat, Michael J Goldacre, Trevor W Lambert
Objective: To report UK-trained doctors' career choices for dermatology, career destinations, and factors influencing career pathways. Methods: Multicohort multipurpose longitudinal surveys of UK-trained doctors who graduated between 1974 and 2015. Results: In all, 40,412 doctors (58% of graduates) responded in year 1, 31,466 (64%) in year 3, and 24,970 (67%) in year 5. One year after graduation, 1.7% of women and 0.6% of men made dermatology their first choice but by five years after graduation the respective figures were 1...
2018: Dermatology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785149/the-pregnant-female-surgical-resident
#2
Vanessa Shifflette, Susannah Hambright, Joseph Darryl Amos, Ernest Dunn, Maria Allo
Background: Surgery continues to be an intense, time-consuming residency. Many medical students decide against surgery as a profession due to the long work hours and family strain. The pregnant female surgical resident has an added stress factor compared to her male counterpart. Methods: We distributed an electronic, online 26-question survey to 32 general surgery programs in the southwestern region of the United States. Each program distributed our survey to the female surgical residents who had been pregnant during residency in the last 5 years...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784788/mistimed-food-intake-and-sleep-alters-24-hour-time-of-day-patterns-of-the-human-plasma-proteome
#3
Christopher M Depner, Edward L Melanson, Andrew W McHill, Kenneth P Wright
Proteomics holds great promise for understanding human physiology, developing health biomarkers, and precision medicine. However, how much the plasma proteome varies with time of day and is regulated by the master circadian suprachiasmatic nucleus brain clock, assessed here by the melatonin rhythm, is largely unknown. Here, we assessed 24-h time-of-day patterns of human plasma proteins in six healthy men during daytime food intake and nighttime sleep in phase with the endogenous circadian clock (i.e., circadian alignment) versus daytime sleep and nighttime food intake out of phase with the endogenous circadian clock (i...
May 21, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784263/tertiary-care-referrals-for-fractures-in-children
#4
Jennifer K Marsh, David J Murray, Anshuman Sharma, Kavya Narayana Reddy, Alyssa Naes
PURPOSE: With limited local access to pediatric subspecialty care outside major metropolitan areas, tertiary care hospitals treat many children originally seen at outside facilities for relatively brief but urgent surgical procedures. This referral-based care imposes significant financial and psychological stress on the families. DESIGN: Prospective, survey methodology was used. METHODS: Families of children aged 0-18 years admitted to the St...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781480/polydisperse-emulsion-digital-assay-to-enhance-time-to-detection-and-extend-dynamic-range-in-bacterial-cultures-enabled-by-a-statistical-framework
#5
Samantha A Byrnes, Elizabeth A Phillips, Toan Huynh, Bernhard H Weigl, Kevin P Nichols
Microbiological culture remains the most sensitive method for detecting viable and infectious bacteria, but these methods often require at least 24 hours to visibly identify bacterial growth. Lab-on-a-chip applications have utilized methods to isolate bacteria in picoliter-sized reaction vessels, resulting in digitized signals that offer improved time-to-detection and improved quantification. Although a great improvement, these approaches typically require expensive and specialized equipment, trained laboratory personnel, and maximum addressable volumes that can be orders of magnitude less than needed for clinically relevant limits of detection...
May 21, 2018: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780613/schwann-cell-durotaxis-can-be-guided-by-physiologically-relevant-stiffness-gradients
#6
Elisabeth B Evans, Samantha W Brady, Anubhav Tripathi, Diane Hoffman-Kim
Background: Successful nerve regeneration depends upon directed migration of morphologically specialized repair state Schwann cells across a nerve defect. Although several groups have studied directed migration of Schwann cells in response to chemical or topographic cues, the current understanding of how the mechanical environment influences migration remains largely understudied and incomplete. Therefore, the focus of this study was to evaluate Schwann cell migration and morphodynamics in the presence of stiffness gradients, which revealed that Schwann cells can follow extracellular gradients of increasing stiffness, in a form of directed migration termed durotaxis...
2018: Biomaterials Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779690/use-patterns-and-frequency-of-hand-hygiene-in-healthcare-facilities-analysis-of-electronic-surveillance-data
#7
Jessica Albright, Bruce White, Daniel Pedersen, Pete Carlson, Lisa Yost, Cheryl Littau
BACKGROUND: Healthcare workers perform hand hygiene much more frequently than workers in other fields. As a result, healthcare workers have a higher exposure to topical antiseptic products. METHODS: Five tertiary care facilities were equipped with an electronic hand hygiene compliance monitoring system. Alcohol-based handrub (ABHR) and handwash use was recorded on a worker-specific basis for 6 months. Total hand hygiene product use and total hours worked were calculated for each worker to determine use frequency...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779564/effects-of-alertness-management-training-on-sleepiness-among-long-haul-truck-drivers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
M Pylkkönen, A Tolvanen, C Hublin, J Kaartinen, K Karhula, S Puttonen, M Sihvola, M Sallinen
Education is a frequently recommended remedy for driver sleepiness in occupational settings, although not many studies have examined its usefulness. To date, there are no previous on-road randomized controlled trials investigating the benefits of training on sleepiness among employees working in road transport. To examine the effects of an educational intervention on long-haul truck drivers' sleepiness at the wheel, amount of sleep between work shifts, and use of efficient sleepiness countermeasures (SCM) in association with night and non-night shift, a total of 53 truck drivers operating from southern Finland were allocated into an intervention and a control group using a stratified randomization method (allocation ratio for intervention and control groups 32:21, respectively)...
May 18, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779552/using-echo-clinics-to-promote-capacity-building-in-clinical-supervision
#9
Michael J Chaple, Thomas E Freese, Beth A Rutkowski, Laurie Krom, Andrew S Kurtz, James A Peck, Paul Warren, Susan Garrett
INTRODUCTION: Project Extension for Community Healthcare Outcomes (ECHO™) is a hub-and-spoke knowledge-sharing network, led by expert teams who use multipoint videoconferencing to conduct virtual clinics with community providers in order to improve the quality of care. For this project, members of the Addiction Technology Transfer Center network applied this model in order to enhance workforce capacity to deliver clinical supervision for the treatment of substance use disorders. METHODS: Clinical supervisors (n=66) employed in substance use disorder treatment programs were recruited to participate in this pilot study...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777846/an-academic-tertiary-referral-center-s-experience-with-a-vascular-surgery-based-uterine-artery-embolization-program
#10
Naiem Nassiri, Adrian Balica, Nolan C Cirillo-Penn, Dustin Tyler Crystal, Gloria A Bachmann
OBJECTIVE: Despite growing endovascular experience within the vascular surgery community, some catheter-based interventions - such as uterine artery embolization (UAE) - remain outside the clinical scope of most vascular surgeons, owing in part to established referral patterns and limited awareness among referring colleagues. We present our experience with a vascular surgery-based, multidisciplinary UAE program at an academic tertiary referral center. METHODS: In a collaborative effort between vascular surgery and gynecology, a Pelvic Vascular Disease Program has been established to provide palliative, prophylactic, and therapeutic embolizations including, but not limited to, UAE...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777613/risk-of-injury-after-evening-and-night-work-findings-from-the-danish-working-hour-database
#11
Helena B Nielsen, Ann D Larsen, Johnny Dyreborg, Åse M Hansen, Lisa A Pompeii, Sadie H Conway, Johnni Hansen, Henrik A Kolstad, Kirsten Nabe-Nielsen, Anne H Garde
Objectives Evening and night work have been associated with higher risk of injury than day work. However, previous findings may be affected by recall bias and unmeasured confounding from differences between day, evening and night workers. This study investigates whether evening and night work during the past week increases risk of injury when reducing recall bias and unmeasured confounding. Methods We linked daily working hours at the individual level of 69 200 employees (167 726 person years from 2008-2015), primarily working at hospitals to registry information on 11 834 injuries leading to emergency room visits or death...
May 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777556/electrophysiology-and-structural-interventions-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-comparison-of-combined-versus-separate-procedures
#12
Ian Lindsay, Farnoosh Nik-Ahd, Jamil A Aboulhosn, Jeremy P Moore
BACKGROUND: Electrophysiologic (EP) and structural interventions in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) are typically completed during separate hospital encounters. With planning/coordination, these cases can be combined. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that this integrated approach would yield patient and health system benefits. METHODS: Consecutive ACHD patients undergoing combined interventions were matched to controls with identical but separate procedures...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777436/fatigue-related-risk-management-in-the-emergency-department-a-focus-group-study
#13
Pierre Bérastégui, Mathieu Jaspar, Alexandre Ghuysen, Anne-Sophie Nyssen
Fatigue has major implications on both patient safety and healthcare practitioner's well-being. Traditionally, two approaches can be used to reduce fatigue-related risk: reducing the likelihood of a fatigued operator working (i.e. fatigue reduction), or reducing the likelihood that a fatigued operator will make an error (i.e. fatigue proofing). Recent progress mainly focussed on fatigue reduction strategies such as reducing work hours. Yet it has to be recognized that such approach has not wholly overcome the experience of fatigue...
May 18, 2018: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777043/new-advances-in-amblyopia-therapy-i-binocular-therapies-and-pharmacologic-augmentation
#14
Courtney L Kraus, Susan M Culican
Amblyopia therapy options have traditionally been limited to penalisation of the non-amblyopic eye with either patching or pharmaceutical penalisation. Solid evidence, mostly from the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group, has validated both number of hours a day of patching and days per week of atropine use. The use of glasses alone has also been established as a good first-line therapy for both anisometropic and strabismic amblyopia. Unfortunately, visual acuity equalisation or even improvement is not always attainable with these methods...
May 18, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775917/difficulties-in-interpretation-when-assessing-prolonged-and-subacute-exposure-to-the-toxic-effects-of-chlorine
#15
Marek Wiergowski, Ireneusz Sołtyszewski, Jacek Sein Anand, Michał Kaliszan, Jolanta Anita Wilmanowska, Zbigniew Jankowski, Marcin Łukasik
The purpose of this study was a toxicological interpretation of exposure to chlorine with unusual course. Medical, clinical and court records, as well as reviews of the literature, served as the basis for this interpretation. The first case of poisoning concerns a 52-year-old man who for a short time (probably several hours), during the industrial cleaning of facilities with sodium hypochlorite, was exposed to chlorine in a presumed high concentration. The man was obese and suffered from hypertension and moderate atherosclerosis, and therefore could be more susceptible to the toxic effects of chlorine...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775452/the-effects-of-a-pulsed-electromagnetic-field-on-the-proliferation-and-osteogenic-differentiation-of-human-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#16
Yukun Yin, Ping Chen, Qiang Yu, Yan Peng, ZeHao Zhu, Jing Tian
BACKGROUND A low frequency pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) has been confirmed to play an important role in promoting the osteogenic differentiation of human bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs). Adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) possess some attractive characteristics for clinical application compared to BMSCs, such as abundant stem cells from lipoaspirates, faster growth, less discomfort and morbidity during surgery. ASCs can become adipocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, myocytes, neurocytes, and other cell types...
May 18, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775382/data-mining-cmmss-how-to-convert-data-into-knowledge
#17
Larry Fennigkoh, D Courtney Nanney
Although the healthcare technology management (HTM) community has decades of accumulated medical device-related maintenance data, little knowledge has been gleaned from these data. Finding and extracting such knowledge requires the use of the well-established, but admittedly somewhat foreign to HTM, application of inferential statistics. This article sought to provide a basic background on inferential statistics and describe a case study of their application, limitations, and proper interpretation. The research question associated with this case study involved examining the effects of ventilator preventive maintenance (PM) labor hours, age, and manufacturer on needed unscheduled corrective maintenance (CM) labor hours...
January 2018: Biomedical Instrumentation & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774006/parent-s-relative-perceived-work-flexibility-compared-to-their-partner-is-associated-with-emotional-exhaustion
#18
Constanze Leineweber, Helena Falkenberg, Sophie C Albrecht
A number of studies have found that control over work conditions and hours is positively related to mental health. Still, potential positive and negative effects of work flexibility remain to be fully explored. On the one hand, higher work flexibility might provide better opportunities for recovery. On the other hand, especially mothers may use flexibility to meet household and family demands. Here, we investigated the association between parent's work flexibility, rated relative to their partner, and emotional exhaustion in interaction with gender...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771887/-new-visual-field-testing-possibilities-a-preliminary-report
#19
V P Erichev, A P Ermolaev, A A Antonov, G L Grigoryan, D V Kosova
There are currently no portable mobile perimeters that allow visual field testing outside ophthalmologist's examination rooms. PURPOSE: To develop a mobile perimetry technique based on use of a virtual reality headset (VR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 26 patients (30 eyes) with II-III stage primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) with compensated IOP. Perimetry was performed for each patient twice - on Humphrey analyzer (test 30-2, 76 points) and employing similar strategy on a perimeter integrated into VR headset (Total Vision, Russia)...
2018: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768931/how-intersectoral-health-promotion-changes-professional-practices-a-case-study-from-denmark
#20
Mads Christensen, Viola Burau, Loni Ledderer
Intersectoral health promotion (IHP) has pushed health professions to engage in new tasks and interprofessional ways of working. We studied how care assistants from a nursing home and school teachers implemented a cookery project targeted at children ("Cool Beans") as an example of an IHP project in Denmark. Our aim was to examine the impact of the IHP project on the practices of the professions involved. We used a qualitative case study to investigate joint care and teaching situations with the two professions and their users...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
keyword
keyword
91387
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"