keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Work hour

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214842/inhibition-of-methylglyoxal-induced-ages-rage-expression-contributes-to-dermal-protection-by-n-acetyl-l-cysteine
#1
Chun-Tao Yang, Fu-Hui Meng, Li Chen, Xiang Li, Lai-Jian Cen, Yu-Hua Wen, Cai-Chen Li, Hui Zhang
BACKGROUND/AIM: Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is a major cause of diabetes mellitus (DM) skin complications. Methylglyoxal (MGO), a reactive dicarbonyl compound, is a crucial intermediate of AGEs generation. N-acetyl-L-cysteine (NAC), an active ingredient of some medicines, can induce endogenous GSH and hydrogen sulfide generation, and set off a condensation reaction with MGO. However, there is rare evidence to show NAC can alleviate DM-induced skin injury through inhibition of AGEs generation or toxicity...
13, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212633/cooking-smoke-and-respiratory-symptoms-of-restaurant-workers-in-thailand
#2
Chudchawal Juntarawijit, Yuwayong Juntarawijit
BACKGROUND: Restaurant workers are at risk from exposure to toxic compounds from burning of fuel and fumes from cooking. However, the literature is almost silent on the issue. What discussion that can be found in the literature focuses on the potential effects from biomass smoke exposure in the home kitchen, and does not address the problem as occurring in the workplace, particularly in restaurants. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional survey of 224 worker from 142 food restaurants in the Tha Pho sub-district of Phitsanulok, a province in Thailand...
February 17, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212590/the-july-effect-on-maternal-peripartum-complications-before-and-after-resident-duty-hour-reform-a-population-based-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Ithan D Peltan, Crystal E Brown, Alson K Burke, Eric J Chow, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Matthew R Crull
Objective To compare maternal birth complications early versus late in the academic year and to evaluate the impact of resident work hour limitation on the "July effect." Study Design We conducted a retrospective, population-based cohort study of 628,414 singleton births in Washington State from 1987 to 2012 measuring the adjusted risk of maternal peripartum complications early (July/August) versus late (April/May) in the academic year. To control for seasonal outcome variation unrelated to trainees' involvement in care as well as long-term trends in maternal complications unrelated to variation in trainees' effect on outcomes across the academic year, we employed difference-in-differences methods contrasting outcomes at teaching to nonteaching hospitals for deliveries before and after restriction of resident work hours in July 2003...
February 17, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211838/work-satisfaction-burnout-and-gender-based-inequalities-among-ophthalmologists-in-india-a-survey
#4
Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Pooja Jain, Aniruddha Agarwal, Vandana Jain
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmology is a rapidly evolving branch of medicine and advancing technology has raised the bar of patient expectations and outcomes. However, studies that assess physician stress and satisfaction especially in developing countries are limited in literature. OBJECTIVE: This index study aims at looking at the levels of job satisfaction, burnout and perception of gender disparity among ophthalmologists in India. METHODS: An Internet-based survey was sent out to ophthalmologists...
February 17, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211267/efficient-and-selective-uptake-of-tco4-by-a-cationic-metal-organic-framework-material-with-open-ag-sites
#5
Daopeng Sheng, Lin Zhu, Chao Xu, Chengliang Xiao, Yanlong Wang, Yaxing Wang, Lanhua Chen, Juan Diwu, Jing Chen, Zhifang Chai, Thomas E Albrecht-Schmitt, Shuao Wang
99Tc is one of the most problematic radioisotopes in used nuclear fuel owing to its combined features of high fission yield, long half-life, and high environmental mobility. There are only a handful of functional materials that can remove TcO4- anion from aqueous solution and identifying for new, stable materials with high anion-exchange capacities, fast kinetics, and good selectivity remains a challenge. We report here an 8-fold interpenetrated three-dimensional cationic metal-organic framework material, SCU-100, which is assembled from a tetradentate neutral nitrogen-donor ligand and two-coordinate Ag+ cations as potential open metal sites...
February 17, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209702/primary-care-specialty-career-choice-among-canadian-medical-students-understanding-the-factors-that-influence-their-decisions
#6
Heather Ann Osborn, Jordan T Glicksman, Michael G Brandt, Philip C Doyle, Kevin Fung
OBJECTIVE: To identify which factors influence medical students' decision to choose a career in family medicine and pediatrics, and which factors influence their decision to choose careers in non-front-line specialties. DESIGN: Survey that was created based on a comprehensive literature review to determine which factors are considered important when choosing practice specialty. SETTING: Ontario medical school. PARTICIPANTS: An open cohort of medical students in the graduating classes of 2008 to 2011 (inclusive)...
February 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209514/plasma-metabolite-score-correlates-with-hypoxia-time-in-a-newly-born-piglet-model-for-asphyxia
#7
Julia Kuligowski, Rønnaug Solberg, Ángel Sánchez-Illana, Leonid Pankratov, Anna Parra-Llorca, Guillermo Quintás, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Máximo Vento
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) secondary to perinatal asphyxia is a leading cause of mortality and acquired long-term neurologic co-morbidities in the neonate. The most successful intervention for the treatment of moderate to severe HIE is moderate whole body hypothermia initiated within 6h from birth. The objective and prompt identification of infants who are at risk of developing moderate to severe HIE in the critical first hours still remains a challenge. This work proposes a metabolite score calculated based on the relative intensities of three metabolites (choline, 6,8-dihydroxypurine and hypoxanthine) that showed maximum correlation with hypoxia time in a consolidated piglet model for neonatal hypoxia-ischemia...
February 7, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209480/thermal-stabilization-of-anti-%C3%AE-cobratoxin-single-domain-antibodies
#8
George P Anderson, Jessica H Liu, Dan Zabetakis, Jinny L Liu, Ellen R Goldman
There is an unmet need for snake antivenoms that can be stored ready to use near the point of care. To address that need we have taken two anti-α-cobratoxin single domain antibodies and increased their thermal stability to improve their ambient temperature shelf-life. The anti-α-cobratoxin single domain antibodies C2 and C20 were first isolated, and demonstrated to be toxin neutralizing by Richard et al., 2013 (Richard, G., Meyers, A.J., McLean, M.D., Arbabi-Ghahroudi, M., MacKenzie, R., Hall, J.C., 2013...
February 13, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209168/the-impact-of-preterm-birth-37%C3%A2-weeks-on-parents-and-families-a-cross-sectional-study-in-the-2%C3%A2-years-after-discharge-from-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#9
Ashwini Lakshmanan, Meghana Agni, Tracy Lieu, Eric Fleegler, Michele Kipke, Philippe S Friedlich, Marie C McCormick, Mandy B Belfort
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the quality of life of parents and families of preterm infants after discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Our aims were (1) to describe the impact of preterm birth on parents and families and (2) and to identify potentially modifiable determinants of parent and family impact. METHODS: We surveyed 196 parents of preterm infants <24 months corrected age in 3 specialty clinics (82% response rate). Primary outcomes were: (1) the Impact on Family Scale total score; and (2) the Infant Toddler Quality of Life parent emotion and (3) time limitations scores...
February 16, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207419/both-genome-and-cytosol-dynamics-change-in-e-coli-challenged-with-sublethal-rifampicin
#10
Michal Wlodarski, Bianca Raciti, Jurij Kotar, Marco Cosentino Lagomarsino, Gillian M Fraser, Pietro Cicuta
While the action of many antimicrobial drugs is well understood at the molecular level, a systems-level physiological response to antibiotics remains largely unexplored. This work considers fluctuation dynamics of both the chromosome and cytosol in Escherichia coli, and their response to sublethal treatments of a clinically important antibiotic, rifampicin. We precisely quantify the changes in dynamics of chromosomal loci and cytosolic aggregates (a rheovirus nonstructural protein known as μNS-GFP), measuring short time-scale displacements across several hours of drug exposure...
February 16, 2017: Physical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206835/resilience-in-veterinary-students-and-the-predictive-role-of-mindfulness-and-self-compassion
#11
Michelle McArthur, Caroline Mansfield, Susan Matthew, Sanaa Zaki, Conor Brand, Jena Andrews, Susan Hazel
Resilience is a dynamic and multifaceted process in which individuals draw on personal and contextual resources. In difficult situations, resilient people use specific strategies to learn from the situation without being overcome by it. As stressors are inherent to veterinary work, including long work hours, ethical dilemmas, and challenging interactions with clients, resilience is an important component of professional quality of life. However, while resilience in other health professionals has received attention, it has received little in the veterinary field...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206790/illegitimate-tasks-reach-into-afterwork-hours-a-multilevel-study
#12
Sabine Sonnentag, Tanja Lischetzke
This study examines illegitimate tasks as a specific type of job stressors. Illegitimate tasks comprise unreasonable and unnecessary tasks and refer to inappropriate task assignments that go beyond an employee's role requirements. Building on the stressor-detachment model, we hypothesized that illegitimate tasks experienced during the day predict high negative affect and low self-esteem at the end of the workday, which in turn should predict poor psychological detachment from work during evening hours, resulting in sustained high levels of negative affect and low self-esteem at bedtime...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203235/chenopodium-ambrosioides-l-improves-phagocytic-activity-and-decreases-bacterial-growth-and-the-systemic-inflammatory-response-in-sepsis-induced-by-cecal-ligation-and-puncture
#13
Carlos E P Rios, Afonso G Abreu, Jose A F Braga Filho, Johnny R Nascimento, Rosane N M Guerra, Flávia M M Amaral, Márcia C G Maciel, Flávia R F Nascimento
Chenopodium ambrosioides L. (Amaranthaceae) is often used in different kinds of vegetal preparations for medicinal purposes in many clinical situations. Some studies have demonstrated its anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of prophylactic treatment with the hydroalcoholic crude extract (HCE) of C. ambrosioides and its hexanic fraction (HEX) on the control of bacterial growth, the activation of phagocytes and the control of the systemic inflammatory response in a sepsis experimental model...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202340/association-between-sociodemographic-psychosocial-lifestyle-factors-and-self-reported-health-among-migrant-laborers-in-china
#14
Cheng-Cheng Li, Xue-Hui Meng, Jing-Ru Wang, Hong-Jun Ma, Chun Chen, Yuan-Qing Liu
BACKGROUND: There were 245 million migrants in China in 2013, the majority of whom migrated from rural to urban areas. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors, and self-reported health (SRH) in Chinese migrant laborers. METHODS: This study was conducted based on data from the China Labor-force Dynamics Survey 2012. SRH was measured in a single item, although there were other risk factors from three different groups: sociodemographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle factors...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199954/effects-of-single-family-rooms-on-nurse-parent-and-nurse-infant-interaction-in-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Mirka Toivonen, Liisa Lehtonen, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Anna Axelin
BACKGROUND: Single-family rooms in neonatal intensive care unit can provide longer interaction between family and staff. On the other hand, separation in private rooms has been shown detrimental to child development if parents are not present. AIMS: To examine the effects of single-family rooms on nurse-family, nurse-parent and nurse-infant interaction time in neonatal intensive care unit. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, comparative, observational study was conducted before and after a move to a neonatal intensive care unit with single-family rooms...
February 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198594/interfacial-engineering-of-perovskite-solar-cells-by-employing-a-hydrophobic-copper-phthalocyanine-derivative-as-hole-transporting-material-with-improved-performance-and-stability
#16
Ze Yu, Xiaoqing Jiang, Jianbo Lai, Yuchen Zhang, Maowei Hu, Ning Lei, Dongping Wang, Xichuan Yang, Licheng Sun
In high-performance perovskite solar cells (PSCs), hole-transporting materials (HTMs) play important roles in extracting and transporting the photo-generated holes from the perovskite absrorber to the cathode, thus reducing unwanted recombination losses and enhancing the photovoltaic performance. Herein, solution-processable tetra-4-(bis(4-tert-butyl)phenyl)amino)phenoxy-substituted copper phthalocyanine (CuPc-OTPAtBu) has been synthesized and explored as a HTM in PSCs. The optical, electrochemical and thermal properties are fully characterized for this organic metal complex...
February 15, 2017: ChemSusChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198304/staff-in-care-homes-also-work-12-hour-shifts-without-a-break
#17
Denise Fleetwood
Staff going a long time without a break is not just happening in the NHS.
February 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198043/hospital-routines-promote-parent-infant-closeness-and-cause-separation-in-the-birthing-unit-in-the-first-2%C3%A2-hours-after-birth-a%C3%A2-pilot-study
#18
Hannakaisa Niela-Vilén, Nancy Feeley, Anna Axelin
BACKGROUND: Despite the evidence of multiple benefits of early skin-to-skin contact, it does not always happen and infants are separated from their parents because of different hospital practices. The aim of this study was to explore parent-infant closeness and separation, and which factors promote closeness or result in separation in the birthing unit in the first 2 hours after birth from the point of view of staff members. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive pilot study was conducted in one university hospital in Finland in December 2014...
February 15, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196195/association-of-otolaryngology-resident-duty-hour-restrictions-with-procedure-specific-outcomes-in-head-and-neck-endocrine-surgery
#19
Aaron Smith, Lauren Braden, Jim Wan, Merry Sebelik
Importance: Graduate medical education has undergone a transformation from traditional long work hours to a restricted plan to allow adequate rest for residents. The initial goal of this restriction is to improve patient outcomes. Objective: To determine whether duty hour restrictions had any impact on surgery-specific outcomes by analyzing complications following thyroid and parathyroid procedures performed before and after duty hour reform. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of the National Inpatient Sample (NIS)...
February 9, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196097/temporal-induction-of-pro-inflammatory-and-regulatory-cytokines-in-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-by-campylobacter-jejuni-and-campylobacter-coli
#20
Eman Hamza, Sonja Kittl, Peter Kuhnert
Campylobacter jejuni along with C. coli are major cause of human gastroenteritis worldwide. So far, the human immune response against Campylobacter is not entirely clear. We hypothesize that it is coordinated by an interaction between pro-inflammatory and regulatory cytokines which is influenced by bacterial and host-individual differences. Accordingly, we used peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy donors to study the primary systemic immune response to C. jejuni and C. coli. PBMC were stimulated by different strains of C...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
91387
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"