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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695843/magnetic-impurity-doping-induced-spin-glass-state-and-short-range-zigzag-order-in-the-honeycomb-iridate-na-sub-2-sub-iro-sub-3-sub
#1
Wanping Cai, Zhengren Yan, Rumei Liu, Minghui Qin, Min Zeng, Xubing Lu, Xingsen Gao, Junming Liu
Based on the modied Heisenberg-Kitaev model, the eects of magnetic substitution on the magnetic properties of the honeycomb-lattice iridate Na2IrO3 are studied using Monte Carlo simulations. It is observed that the long-range zigzag state of the original system is rather fragile and can be replaced by a spin-glass state even for small substitution, well consistent with the experimental observation in Ru-substituted samples [Mehlawat, Sharma, and Singh, Phys. Rev. B 92, 134412 (2015)]...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693457/calculation-of-iris-claw-iol-power-for-correction-of-late-in-the-bag-iol-complex-dislocation
#2
Valentín Huerva, Francisco J Ascaso, Isabel Caral, Andrzej Grzybowski
BACKGROUND: To assess the constants and formula for aphakia correction with iris-claw IOLs to achieve the best refractive status in cases of late in-the-bag IOL complex dislocation. METHODS: A literature search was performed. The following data were obtained: Iris-claw IOL model, Iridal or retroiridal enclavation, A-constant, ultrasound or optical biometry, formula employed and refractive outcomes. Acceptable emmetropia was considered if the resulting spherical equivalent (SE) was within ±1...
July 11, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686843/cadmium-concentration-in-grains-of-durum-wheat-triticum-turgidum-l-subsp-durum
#3
Marzia Vergine, Alessio Aprile, Erika Sabella, Alessandra Genga, Maria Siciliano, Patrizia Rampino, Marcello Salvatore Lenucci, Andrea Luvisi, Luigi De Bellis
Heavy metal excess in soil represents a critical problem for crop productivity. Among these pollutants, cadmium (Cd) is one of the most dangerous in terms of food-chain contamination. Two durum wheat near-isogenic lines (NILs) and 12 commercial varieties (cultivars Arcangelo, Aureo, Aziziah, Cappelli, Cirillo, Creso, Iride, Maestrale, Parsifal, Russello, Strongfield, and Svevo) of durum wheat were exposed to a nontoxic level of Cd to evaluate its concentration in grains, roots, and shoots, as well as effects on biomass production...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658588/utility-of-1-tropicamide-in-improving-the-quality-of-images-for-tele-screening-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-patients-with-dark-irides
#4
Touka Banaee, Mohammad-Reza Ansari-Astaneh, Hamidreza Pourreza, Fatemeh Faal Hosseini, Maryam Vatanparast, Nasser Shoeibi, Vajihe Jami
PURPOSE: To compare the quality of fundus photographs taken before and after instillation of one drop of tropicamide. METHODS: The 45º fundus photographs were taken with a non-mydriatic fundus camera in three conditions of the pupil; pre-mydriatic, 10 minutes after one drop of tropicamide, and fully dilated. Two photographs were taken in each condition; one centered on the macula and the other on the optic disc. Two vitreoretinal specialists graded the images. RESULTS: A total of 1768 fundus photographs of 149 diabetic patients with dark irides were included...
August 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632845/iris-malformation-and-anterior-segment-dysgenesis-in-mice-and-humans-with-a-mutation-in-pi-3-kinase
#5
Marie H Solheim, Allen C Clermont, Jonathon N Winnay, Erlend Hallstensen, Anders Molven, Pål R Njølstad, Eyvind Rødahl, C Ronald Kahn
Purpose: To determine the ocular consequences of a dominant-negative mutation in the p85α subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PIK3R1) using a knock-in mouse model of SHORT syndrome, a syndrome associated with short stature, lipodystrophy, diabetes, and Rieger anomaly in humans. Methods: We investigated knock-in mice heterozygous for the SHORT syndrome mutation changing arginine 649 to tryptophan in p85α (PIK3R1) using physical examination, optical coherence tomography (OCT), tonometry, and histopathologic sections from paraffin-embedded eyes, and compared the findings to similar investigations in two human subjects with SHORT syndrome heterozygous for the same mutation...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537276/magnetic-field-induced-multiple-topological-phases-in-pyrochlore-iridates-with-mott-criticality
#6
Kentaro Ueda, Taekoo Oh, Bohm-Jung Yang, Ryoma Kaneko, Jun Fujioka, Naoto Nagaosa, Yoshinori Tokura
The interplay between electron correlation and spin-orbit coupling in solids has been proven to be an abundant gold mine for emergent topological phases. Here we report the results of systematic magnetotransport study on bandwidth-controlled pyrochlore iridates R2Ir2O7 near quantum metal-insulator transition (MIT). The application of a magnetic field along [001] crystallographic direction (H//[001]) significantly decreases resistivity while producing a unique Hall response, which indicates the emergence of the novel semi-metallic state in the course of the magnetic transformation from all-in all-out (AIAO, 4/0) to 2-in 2-out (2/2) spin configuration...
May 24, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498709/topological-magnon-bands-and-unconventional-superconductivity-in-pyrochlore-iridate-thin-films
#7
Pontus Laurell, Gregory A Fiete
We theoretically study the magnetic properties of pyrochlore iridate bilayer and trilayer thin films grown along the [111] direction using a strong coupling approach. We find the ground state magnetic configurations on a mean field level and carry out a spin-wave analysis about them. In the trilayer case the ground state is found to be the all-in-all-out (AIAO) state, whereas the bilayer has a deformed AIAO state. For all parameters of the spin-orbit coupled Hamiltonian we study, the lowest magnon band in the trilayer case has a nonzero Chern number...
April 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480600/ophthalmic-parameters-in-adult-lowland-paca-cuniculus-paca-raised-in-captivity
#8
Camila P Balthazar da Silveira, Tiago B Lima, Roberta M Crivelaro, Luciana C C de Lacerda, Ivan R M Pádua, Roberta Renzo, Alexandre A F de Barros Sobrinho, Fabrício S Oliveira, Marcela Aldrovani, José L Laus
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ophthalmic parameters of lowland pacas, including the anatomic features, tear production, intraocular pressure, central corneal thickness, and morphology of the corneal endothelium. ANIMALS STUDIED: Thirteen adult, anesthetized Cuniculus paca. PROCEDURE: Eyes were evaluated using slit-lamp biomicroscopy, the Schirmer tear test I, digital applanation tonometry, binocular indirect ophthalmoscopy, and noncontact specular microscopy...
May 8, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441067/anterior-segment-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-for-identification-of-iris-vasculature-and-staging-of-iris-neovascularization-a-pilot-study
#9
Philipp K Roberts, Debra A Goldstein, Amani A Fawzi
Purpose/Aim of the study: To assess the ability of optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) to visualize the normal iris vasculature as well as neovascularization of the iris (NVI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Study participants with healthy eyes, patients at risk of NVI development and patients with active or regressed NVI were consecutively included in this cross-sectional observational study. Imaging was performed using a commercially available OCTA system (RTVue- XR Avanti, Optovue Inc...
April 25, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426434/neutron-scattering-by-dirac-multipoles
#10
S W Lovesey, D D Khalyavin
Scattering by magnetic charge formed by Dirac multipoles that are magnetic and polar is examined in the context of materials with properties that challenge conventional concepts. An order parameter composed of Dirac quadrupoles has been revealed in the pseudo-gap phase of ceramic, high-T c superconductors on the basis of Kerr effect and magnetic neutron Bragg diffraction measurements. Construction of Dirac quadrupoles that emerge from centrosymmetric sites used by Cu ions in the ceramic superconductor Hg1201 is illustrated, together with selection rules for excitations that will feature in neutron inelastic scattering, and RIXS experiments...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405391/red-fluorescence-of-the-triplefin-tripterygion-delaisi-is-increasingly-visible-against-background-light-with-increasing-depth
#11
Pierre-Paul Bitton, Ulrike K Harant, Roland Fritsch, Connor M Champ, Shelby E Temple, Nico K Michiels
The light environment in water bodies changes with depth due to the absorption of short and long wavelengths. Below 10 m depth, red wavelengths are almost completely absent rendering any red-reflecting animal dark and achromatic. However, fluorescence may produce red coloration even when red light is not available for reflection. A large number of marine taxa including over 270 fish species are known to produce red fluorescence, yet it is unclear under which natural light environment fluorescence contributes perceptively to their colours...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356055/a-genome-wide-association-study-reveals-a-locus-for-bilateral-iridal-hypopigmentation-in-holstein-friesian-cattle
#12
Anne K Hollmann, Martina Bleyer, Andrea Tipold, Jasmin N Neßler, Wilhelm E Wemheuer, Ekkehard Schütz, Bertram Brenig
BACKGROUND: Eye pigmentation abnormalities in cattle are often related to albinism, Chediak-Higashi or Tietz like syndrome. However, mutations only affecting pigmentation of coat color and eye have also been described. Herein 18 Holstein Friesian cattle affected by bicolored and hypopigmented irises have been investigated. RESULTS: Affected animals did not reveal any ophthalmological or neurological abnormalities besides the specific iris color differences. Coat color of affected cattle did not differ from controls...
March 29, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289487/not-everything-is-blue-or-brown-quantification-of-ocular-coloration-in-psychological-research-beyond-dichotomous-categorizations
#13
Juan Olvido Perea García, Tomáš Grenzner, Gabriela Hešková, Panagiotis Mitkidis
The notion that phenomenologically observable differences in the human eye are correlated with behavioral tendencies (other than gaze-following) has been addressed poorly in the psychological literature. Most notably, the proposed correlations are based on an arbitrary categorization in discrete categories of the continuous variability across various traits that could be contributing to individual eye morphologies. We review the relevant literature and assume a view of human eyes as sign stimuli, identifying the relative contrast between the iridal and scleral areas as the main contributor to the strength of the signal...
2017: Communicative & Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262638/coulomb-correlations-in-4d-and-5d-oxides-from-first-principles-or-how-spin-orbit-materials-choose-their-effective-orbital-degeneracies
#14
C Martins, M Aichhorn, S Biermann
The interplay of spin-orbit coupling and Coulomb correlations has become a hot topic in condensed matter theory and is especially important in 4d and 5d transition metal oxides, like iridates or rhodates. Here, we review recent advances in dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT)-based electronic structure calculations for treating such compounds, introducing all necessary implementation details. We also discuss the evaluation of Hubbard interactions in spin-orbit materials. As an example, we perform DMFT calculations on insulating strontium iridate (Sr2IrO4) and its 4d metallic counterpart, strontium rhodate (Sr2RhO4)...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256840/charge-transfer-in-iridate-manganite-superlattices
#15
Satoshi Okamoto, John Nichols, Changhee Sohn, So Yeun Kim, Tae Won Noh, Ho Nyung Lee
Charge transfer in superlattices consisting of SrIrO3 and SrMnO3 is investigated using density functional theory. Despite the nearly identical work function and nonpolar interfaces between SrIrO3 and SrMnO3, rather large charge transfer was experimentally reported at the interface between them. Here, we report a microscopic model that captures the mechanism behind this phenomenon, providing a qualitative understanding of the experimental observation. This leads to unique strain dependence of such charge transfer in iridate-manganite superlattices...
March 7, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240948/comparison-of-indocyanine-green-and-sodium-fluorescein-for-anterior-segment-angiography-of-ophthalmically-normal-eyes-of-goats-sheep-and-alpacas-performed-with-a-digital-single-lens-reflex-camera-adaptor
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Alexander J LoPinto, Chris G Pirie, Sandra L Ayres, Daniela Bedenice
OBJECTIVE To compare results of anterior segment angiography of ophthalmically normal eyes of goats, sheep, and alpacas performed by use of indocyanine green (ICG) and sodium fluorescein (SF). ANIMALS 10 female goats (mean ± SD age, 6.8 ± 1.7 years), 10 female sheep (3.0 ± 2.2 years), and 10 alpacas (7 females and 3 males; 6.8 ± 3.8 years). PROCEDURES A catheter was aseptically placed into a jugular vein. Each animal was anesthetized and properly positioned, and 0.25% ICG was administered. Images were obtained by use of an adaptor system consisting of a modified digital single-lens reflex camera, camera adaptor, and camera lens...
March 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128620/doping-evolution-of-magnetic-order-and-magnetic-excitations-in-sr_-1-x-la_-x-_-3-ir_-2-o_-7
#17
Xingye Lu, D E McNally, M Moretti Sala, J Terzic, M H Upton, D Casa, G Ingold, G Cao, T Schmitt
We use resonant elastic and inelastic x-ray scattering at the Ir-L_{3} edge to study the doping-dependent magnetic order, magnetic excitations, and spin-orbit excitons in the electron-doped bilayer iridate (Sr_{1-x}La_{x})_{3}Ir_{2}O_{7} (0≤x≤0.065). With increasing doping x, the three-dimensional long range antiferromagnetic order is gradually suppressed and evolves into a three-dimensional short range order across the insulator-to-metal transition from x=0 to 0.05, followed by a transition to two-dimensional short range order between x=0...
January 13, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128605/metal-insulator-transition-and-topological-properties-of-pyrochlore-iridates
#18
Hongbin Zhang, Kristjan Haule, David Vanderbilt
Combining density functional theory (DFT) and embedded dynamical mean-field theory (DMFT) methods, we study the metal-insulator transition in R_{2}Ir_{2}O_{7} (R=Y, Eu, Sm, Nd, Pr, and Bi) and the topological nature of the insulating compounds. Accurate free energies evaluated using the charge self-consistent DFT+DMFT method reveal that the metal-insulator transition occurs for an A-cation radius between that of Nd and Pr, in agreement with experiments. The all-in-all-out magnetic phase, which is stable in the Nd compound but not the Pr one, gives rise to a small Ir^{4+} magnetic moment of ≈0...
January 13, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092687/a-charge-density-wave-like-instability-in-a-doped-spin-orbit-assisted-weak-mott-insulator
#19
H Chu, L Zhao, A de la Torre, T Hogan, S D Wilson, D Hsieh
Layered perovskite iridates realize a rare class of Mott insulators that are predicted to be strongly spin-orbit coupled analogues of the parent state of cuprate high-temperature superconductors. Recent discoveries of pseudogap, magnetic multipolar ordered and possible d-wave superconducting phases in doped Sr2IrO4 have reinforced this analogy among the single layer variants. However, unlike the bilayer cuprates, no electronic instabilities have been reported in the doped bilayer iridate Sr3Ir2O7. Here we show that Sr3Ir2O7 realizes a weak Mott state with no cuprate analogue by using ultrafast time-resolved optical reflectivity to uncover an intimate connection between its insulating gap and antiferromagnetism...
January 16, 2017: Nature Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032759/polycycloiridals-with-a-cyclopentane-ring-from-iris-tectorum
#20
Chun-Lei Zhang, Zhi-You Hao, Yan-Fei Liu, Yan Wang, Guo-Ru Shi, Zhi-Bo Jiang, Ruo-Yun Chen, Zheng-Yu Cao, De-Quan Yu
Six new iridal-type triterpenoids containing an unprecedented cyclopentane ring, polycycloiridals E-J (1-6), were isolated from a large-scale re-extraction of Iris tectorum. A possible biosynthesis pathway is postulated. The known spirioiridotectal D (7) was also obtained in the current investigation, and its structure was unequivocally defined using X-ray diffraction data. Compound 7 suppressed LPS-activated NO production in the BV2 cell line with an IC50 value of 0.54 μM.
January 27, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
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