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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230437/research-findings-from-the-memories-of-nursing-oral-history-project
#1
Gail Thomas, Elizabeth Rosser
Capturing the stories of nurses who practised in the past offers the opportunity to reflect on the changes in practice over time to determine lessons for the future. This article shares some of the memories of a group of 16 nurses who were interviewed in Bournemouth, UK, between 2009 and 2016. Thematic analysis of the interview transcripts identified a number of themes, three of which are presented: defining moments, hygiene and hierarchy. The similarities and differences between their experiences and contemporary nursing practice are discussed to highlight how it may be timely to think back in order to take practice forward positively in the future...
February 23, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230393/going-off-script-effects-of-awe-on-memory-for-script-typical-and-irrelevant-narrative-detail
#2
Alexander F Danvers, Michelle N Shiota
People often filter their experience of new events through knowledge they already have; for example, encoding new events by relying on prototypical event "scripts" at the expense of actual details. Previous research suggests that positive affect often increases this tendency. Three studies assessed whether awe-an emotion elicited by perceived vastness, and thought to promote cognitive accommodation-has the opposite effect, reducing rather than increasing reliance on event scripts. True/false questions on details of a short story about a romantic dinner were used to determine whether awe (a) reduces the tendency to impute script-consistent but false details into memory, and/or (b) promotes memory of unexpected details...
February 23, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228324/extended-maxillotomy-for-skull-base-access-in-contemporary-management-of-chordomas-rationale-and-technical-aspect
#3
Muhammad Fahmi Abdul Jalil, Rowan D Story, Myron Rogers
Minimally invasive approaches to the central skull base have been popularized over the last decade and have to a large extent displaced 'open' procedures. However, traditional skull base surgery still has its role especially when dealing with a large clival chordoma where maximal surgical resection is the principal goal to maximize patient survival. In this paper, we present a case of a 25year-old male patient with chordoma in the inferior clivus which was initially debulked via a transnasal endoscopic approach...
February 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228196/the-hidden-story-of-innovation-charity-hospital-angola-prison-and-the-challenging-of-surgical-dogma
#4
Patrick Greiffenstein, Paul R Hastings
The late 1960s was a period of significant upheaval of social, cultural, and scientific norms. The generally accepted notion of mandatory laparotomy for all penetrating abdominal injuries was among those norms being called into question across the country and many advocated expectant management of selected patients presenting with this type of injury. Leaders of the surgical community published opinions on either side of the argument. The house staff at Charity Hospital during this period was among the busiest in the nation in treating these injuries, many of them inmates of the Louisiana State Penitentiary who used self-inflicted stab wounds to the abdomen as a means of temporary respite from the inhumane conditions in the prison...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225664/historic-leadership
#5
Ellen F Johnsen, Katherine J Pohlman
School nursing practice establishes itself in the midst of both education and nursing philosophies, ethics, standards, laws, and regulations. Treading these two worlds is difficult at times and requires that a school nurse possess a strong foundational knowledge base, seek professional collaboration, and navigate conflicting professional demands in order to promote student and public safety. This article is Part 2 of a four-part series that recounts the inspiring story of a school nurse, Ellen Johnsen, who did just that back in the 1980s in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma...
March 2017: NASN School Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225034/simulating-future-value-in-intertemporal-choice
#6
Alec Solway, Terry Lohrenz, P Read Montague
The laboratory study of how humans and other animals trade-off value and time has a long and storied history, and is the subject of a vast literature. However, despite a long history of study, there is no agreed upon mechanistic explanation of how intertemporal choice preferences arise. Several theorists have recently proposed model-based reinforcement learning as a candidate framework. This framework describes a suite of algorithms by which a model of the environment, in the form of a state transition function and reward function, can be converted on-line into a decision...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224865/-falls-risk-needs-revisiting
#7
(no author information available yet)
In response to your story 'Ward patients urged to get up, dressed and mobile' (news, 8 February), and the campaign #endPJparalysis, I'd like to share my father's experience.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224827/double-checking-bloods
#8
Wroscamp
Regarding the story 'Suspended sentence for wrong blood type death' (news, 15 February), this case proves that checking blood components before administration should always be done by TWO qualified members of staff.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224822/we-need-focused-funding
#9
Vltaylor
In response to the story 'The NHS is performing at worst ever levels against A&E cancer targets' (online news, 9 February), targets are all well and good but if you have not got the resources there will be 'failures'.
February 22, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224793/a-never-ending-story-of-per-and-polyfluoroalkyl-substances-pfass
#10
Zhanyun Wang, Jamie C DeWitt, Christopher P Higgins, Ian T Cousins
More than 3000 per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are, or have been, on the global market, yet most research and regulation continues to focus on a limited selection of rather well-known long-chain PFASs, particularly perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and their precursors. Continuing to overlook the vast majority of other PFASs is a major concern for society. We provide recommendations for how to proceed with research and cooperation to tackle the vast number of PFASs on the market and in the environment...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222339/everyday-memory-impairment-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-caused-by-hippocampal-sclerosis
#11
Patrícia Rzezak, Ellen Marise Lima, Ana Carolina Gargaro, Erica Coimbra, Silvia de Vincentiis, Tonicarlo Rodrigues Velasco, João Pereira Leite, Geraldo F Busatto, Kette D Valente
OBJECTIVE: Patients with temporal lobe epilepsy caused by hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS) have episodic memory impairment. Memory has rarely been evaluated using an ecologic measure, even though performance on these tests is more related to patients' memory complaints. We aimed to measure everyday memory of patients with TLE-HS to age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS: We evaluated 31 patients with TLE-HS and 34 healthy controls, without epilepsy and psychiatric disorders, using the Rivermead Behavioral Memory Test (RBMT), Visual Reproduction (WMS-III) and Logical Memory (WMS-III)...
February 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222084/african-american-women-s-recollected-experiences-of-adherence-to-breast-cancer-treatment
#12
Sue P Heiney, DeAnne K Hilfinger Messias, Tisha M Felder, Kenneth W Phelps, Jada C Quinn
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To explore African American women's recollected experiences of breast cancer treatment.
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative description and narrative analysis.
. SETTING: South Carolina Oncology Associates, an outpatient oncology clinic serving rural and urban populations.
. PARTICIPANTS: 16 African American women with breast cancer previously enrolled in the control arm (n = 93) of a completed randomized, controlled trial...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222080/patient-inspired-research-a-better-way-to-go
#13
(no author information available yet)
Recently, I attended a meeting of the Oncofertility Consortium and had one of those "a-ha" moments that change one's perspective in a very real way. A surgeon from Sweden was talking about uterus transplantations, and she described how these came about. She told a story about one of her colleagues, who was talking to a young woman who had cervical cancer and had a hysterectomy. The patient asked the physician if they could give her a "new" uterus so that one day she could have a biological child. The physician told her that was not possible and the patient responded, "Why not?" That prompted the physician to start a new field of research, uterine transplantation, that has had some early successes, as well as many failures...
March 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221153/ultra-mini-pnl-ump-material-indications-technique-advantages-and-results
#14
Janak D Desai
Stone disease has afflicted mankind since centuries; records from ancient civilisations of India and Egypt have shown stones in human bodies. The scientific mind of humans has always made smart endeavours to remove the kidney stones. From large instruments made like the beaks of different animals and birds in 600 BC (Indian civilisation) to extremely sophisticated and miniaturised endoscopic intruments of today the human race has travelled a long way. The theme has always been to remove the stones with minimal morbidity and mortality and with minimum pain to the patient...
January 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220948/loose-ends-1-limiting-manuscript-revision-by-optimal-presentation-of-the-core-story
#15
EDITORIAL
Andrew Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220669/continuing-stories-with-discontinuity
#16
EDITORIAL
Justin J Skowno, Andrew D Weatherall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220359/mothers-and-children-s-story-telling-a-study-of-dyads-with-typically-developing-children-and-children-with-asd
#17
Tiffany L Hutchins, Chelsea Deraway, Patricia Prelock, Ana O'Neill
The production of specific mental state terms types and functions by caregivers and their TD children and caregivers and their children with ASD were assessed in two contexts: a parent's story-telling task and a child's story-telling task. Caregivers of children with ASD produced less causal talk and proportionally less desire and cognitive talk than did caregivers of TD children. When focusing only on variation in our ASD sample, caregivers' and children's production of different mental state references varied with context and were predicted by different child characteristics (i...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219632/alfred-pischinger-1899-1983-an-austrian-career-in-anatomy-continuing-through-national-socialism-to-postwar-leadership
#18
Sabine Hildebrandt, Gabriele Czarnowski
Despite intensified research efforts on the history of anatomy during National Socialism (NS), many aspects of this story still need further investigation. This study explores the life, work and politics of Alfred Pischinger, Chairman of the Institute for Embryology and Histology in Graz from 1936 to 1945, and in Vienna from 1958 to 1970, and is an addition to previous reports on careers in anatomy continuing through the Third Reich to the postwar period. Pischinger was an illegal NSDAP member in Austria, joined the SA in 1938, served as expert in racial hygiene, and as judge on the Genetic Health High Court of Graz...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219266/does-the-english-law-on-abortion-affront-human-dignity
#19
Charles Foster
The English law on abortion is examined through four lenses manufactured by the principle of dignity. Those lenses are embodiment, relationality, story and a transactional, rather than an atomistic, approach to the ascertaining of the relevant interests. It is contended that this approach gives more nuanced, humane, intellectually satisfactory and pastorally satisfactory answers than those generated by the existing law. It is further argued that only this dignity-based approach is compatible with that mandated by Article 8 of the ECHR...
November 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219042/educational-video-and-story-as-effective-interventions-reducing-epilepsy-related-stigma-among-children
#20
Dana Brabcová, Jiří Kohout, Veronika Weberová, Vladimír Komárek
Stigma has been related to epilepsy since ancient times. Despite the importance of this issue, only a few interventions focusing on the reduction of epilepsy-related stigma may be found in the literature. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of two interventions focused on the reduction of epilepsy-related stigma in children aged 9-11years. The first group of children involved in the study (n1=89) completed the 23-item Czech version of the SSE (Stigma Scale of Epilepsy) questionnaire and an 11-item multiple-choice knowledge test, then watched a video and completed the same questionnaire and test immediately after the intervention...
February 17, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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