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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777969/multicontextual-correlates-of-adolescent-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake
#1
Allison W Watts, Jon Miller, Nicole I Larson, Marla E Eisenberg, Mary T Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
PURPOSE: To examine personal, home, peer, school, neighborhood, and media correlates of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake in a diverse sample of adolescents. METHODS: Cross-sectional, population-based study (EAT 2010: Eating and Activity in Teens) of 2793 adolescents (54% female, mean age [SD] = 14.5 [2.0], 80% nonwhite) attending public secondary schools in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota. Adolescents completed a food frequency questionnaire and answered survey questions about their diet/health perceptions and behaviors...
May 1, 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777603/-communication-of-the-diagnosis-of-down-syndrome-mother-s-stories
#2
Teresa Vargas Aldecoa, José Luis Martin Conty, Rosa María Conty Serrano, Cristina Fernández Pérez
The article studies the way in which health professionals communicate the diagnosis of Down syndrome to parents. For that the personal stories of the mothers collected in the answers given by them to the open questions of a questionnaire on ″communication of the diagnosis″ are analyzed. The results show the mothers' dissatisfaction with the information received during the prenatal and postnatal diagnosis of Down síndrome.
May 2018: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775734/defining-the-osteoarthritis-patient-back-to-the-future
#3
REVIEW
Geoffrey P Dobson, Hayley L Letson, Andrea Grant, Peter McEwen, Kaushik Hazratwala, Matthew Wilkinson, Jodie L Morris
The history of osteoarthritis (OA) is important because it can help broaden our perspective on past and present controversies. The naming of OA, beginning with Heberden's nodes, is itself a fascinating story. According to Albert Hoffa, R. Llewellyn Jones and Archibald Edward Garrod, the name OA was introduced in the mid-19th century by surgeon Richard von Volkmann who distinguished it from rheumatoid arthritis and gout. Others preferred the terms 'chronical rheumatism', 'senile arthritis', 'hypertrophic arthritis' or 'arthritis deformans'...
May 15, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774730/coagulation-management-in-liver-transplantation-a-never-ending-story
#4
Fuat H Saner, Dmitri Bezinover
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774267/-the-men-who-made-the-breakthrough-how-the-british-press-represented-patrick-steptoe-and-robert-edwards-in-1978
#5
Katharine Dow
This article examines how the British press represented Patrick Steptoe and Robert Edwards in the story of the birth of the first 'test-tube baby', Louise Brown. In 1978, the British press represented the birth of Louise Brown as both a success and a source of hope. The main pairs of protagonists in this story were Steptoe and Edwards and Lesley and John Brown, who metonymically represented British science and infertile couples, respectively. In the dominant 'success' narrative of the birth of Louise Brown as depicted in the British press in 1978, Edwards and Steptoe seemed to embody 'British' values of industriousness, perseverance, altruism, ingenuity and teamwork...
June 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773750/one-third-of-global-protected-land-is-under-intense-human-pressure
#6
Kendall R Jones, Oscar Venter, Richard A Fuller, James R Allan, Sean L Maxwell, Pablo Jose Negret, James E M Watson
In an era of massive biodiversity loss, the greatest conservation success story has been the growth of protected land globally. Protected areas are the primary defense against biodiversity loss, but extensive human activity within their boundaries can undermine this. Using the most comprehensive global map of human pressure, we show that 6 million square kilometers (32.8%) of protected land is under intense human pressure. For protected areas designated before the Convention on Biological Diversity was ratified in 1992, 55% have since experienced human pressure increases...
May 18, 2018: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772921/a-multicomponent-intervention-to-encourage-stair-use-in-municipal-buildings
#7
Brent W Moloughney, Gayle E Bursey, Rebecca B Fortin, Maria G Morais, Khanh Thi Dang
PURPOSE: Evaluate the incremental impact of environmental stairwell enhancements on stair usage in addition to prompts. DESIGN: Phased, nonrandomized, quasi-experimental intervention. SETTING: Two 6-story and one 8-story municipal government office buildings-each with 2 stairwells. PARTICIPANTS: Approximately 2800 municipal employees and 1000 daily visitors. INTERVENTION: All stairwells received door wraps and point-of-decision and wayfinding prompts...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772619/-vesical-perforation-caused-by-a-foreign-body-a-case-report-a-clinical-review-of-41-cases-in-japan
#8
Takanori Kinjo, Toshiki Oka, Takahiro Imanaka, Yohei Yamanaka, Hironori Nomura, Iwao Yoshioka, Shingo Takada
In daily medical practice, we occasionally encounter a foreign body present in the urinary bladder. However, the occurrence of vesical perforation caused by a foreign body is rare. A 53-year-old man with vesical pain and macrohematuria was referred to our department because of the presence of a foreign body in his urinary bladder. He seemed to have inserted the foreign body from the urethra during use of a stimulant drug according to his story. Cystoscopy revealed that the plastic foreign body had a few barbs and had penetrated the bladder through the left lateral wall...
April 2018: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771199/narrative-intervention-stories-from-the-front-lines-of-oncology-health-care
#9
Nicole M Saint-Louis, Joretha N Bourjolly
This study examined the experiences of health care professionals who participated in monthly narrative oncology groups. Ten professionals participated in separate, semi-structured, face-to-face interviews. Using a qualitative research design, the transcriptions of the interviews were analyzed using a phenomenological approach. The analysis yielded descriptive information about the professionals' positive experiences of participating in narrative oncology sessions and provides insight into the importance of such a group through five themes: (1) Shared perspectives and bearing witness, (2) Comfort in confidentiality and a safe-space, (3) Group-care becomes self-care, (4) Writing gives structure, and (5) Patient stories...
May 17, 2018: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770979/caesium-for-perovskite-solar-cells-an-overview
#10
Federico Bella, Polyssena Renzi, Carmen Cavallo, Claudio Gerbaldi
Perovskite solar cells have the potential to revolutionize the world of photovoltaics, and their efficiency close to 23% on a lab-scale recently certified this novel technology as the one with the most rapidly raising performance per year in the whole story of solar cells. With the aim of improving stability, reproducibility and spectral properties of the devices, in the last three years the scientific community strongly focused on Cs-doping for hybrid (typically, organolead) perovskites. In parallel, in order to further contrast hygroscopicity and reach thermal stability, research has also been carried out to achieve the development of all-inorganic perovskites based on caesium, the performances of which are actually rapidly increasing...
May 17, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770968/-if-i-can-walk-that-far-space-and-embodiment-in-stories-of-illness-and-recovery
#11
Emily Heavey
Illness and recovery transform embodied experience, and transform the experience of space. Space, in turn, is a valuable resource in the telling of an illness narrative. Starting from a phenomenological perspective that takes the body to be the centre of experience, and hence of selfhood and storytelling, this article offers an argument for and an approach to analysing space as a narrative resource in stories about illness and recovery. Using a case study of one woman's stories about her amputation, it demonstrates how both narrated space and narrating space can be used as devices to structure the narrative and position its characters and interlocutors to construct the narrator's embodied experiences and identities...
May 17, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770134/comparative-immune-and-stress-related-transcript-response-induced-by-air-exposure-and-vibrio-anguillarum-bacterin-in-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss-and-gilthead-seabream-sparus-aurata-mucosal-surfaces
#12
Ali Reza Khansari, Joan Carles Balasch, Eva Vallejos-Vidal, David Parra, Felipe E Reyes-López, Lluís Tort
Fish have to face various environmental challenges that may compromise the efficacy of the immune response in mucosal surfaces. Since the effect of acute stress on mucosal barriers in fish has still not been fully elucidated, we aimed to compare the short-term mucosal stress and immune transcriptomic responses in a freshwater (rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss ) and a marine fish (gilthead seabream, Sparus aurata ) to bacterial immersion ( Vibrio anguillarum bacterin vaccine) and air exposure stress in skin, gills, and intestine...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769035/does-life-story-work-improve-psychosocial-well-being-for-older-adults-in-the-community-a-quasi-experimental-study
#13
Claudia K Y Lai, Ayumi Igarashi, Clare T K Yu, Kenny C W Chin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that life story work has positive effects when used on older adults. This study aimed to examine the effect of life story work on the general mental well-being, self-esteem, and life satisfaction of older adults by comparing two groups - one with and one without depressive symptoms. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was adopted in this study. One hundred and twenty-three adults aged 60 or above were recruited from community centers through convenience sampling...
May 16, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766836/untold-stories-cancer-clinic-waiting-room
#14
Paul Rousseau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766793/engineering-of-microbial-cell-factories-for-the-production-of-plant-polyphenols-with-health-beneficial-properties
#15
Alexey Dudnik, Paula Gaspar, Ana Rute Neves, Jochen Forster
Polyphenols form a group of important natural bioactive compounds with numerous ascribed health-beneficial attributes (e.g. antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial and tumor-suppressing properties). Some polyphenols can also be used as natural dyes or plastic precursors. Notwithstanding their relevance, production of most of these compounds still relies on extraction from plant material, which for most of it is a costly and an inefficient procedure. The use of microbial cell factories for this purpose is an emerging alternative that could allow a more efficient and sustainable production...
May 15, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766475/facing-the-language-memory-problem-in-the-study-of-autobiographical-memory
#16
Eleonora Bartoli, Andrea Smorti
This paper discusses the problem of the role of language in autobiographical memory, that is barely considered in studies on autobiographical memories and narratives. As a matter of fact, most of the current studies on autobiographical memory confounded memory and narrative together. The present paper focuses on two main issues. Firstly, it debates how narratives contribute to the construction of autobiographical memories through self-other communication. Secondly, it reflects on how language and communication should be manipulated in studies about autobiographical memory...
May 16, 2018: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764820/unexplained-bruising-a-developing-story
#17
Lucy Backhouse, Danielle Furnell, Isabelle Li Kam Wa
We present the case of a 10-month-old male infant who presented to accident and emergency with unexplained bruising of the ear. Initial blood tests showed no clotting or platelet abnormalities and non-accidental injury investigation commenced. He was subsequently reviewed by the dermatology team who suggested the diagnosis of acute haemorrhagic oedema of infancy presumably triggered by a viral or bacterial infection, and the clinical findings fit this diagnosis.
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764176/scotland-s-public-health-palliative-care-alliance
#18
Mark A Hazelwood, Rebecca M Patterson
People's experiences of death, dying and bereavement are only partially determined by formal health and social care services. A broad-based alliance of organisations and individuals was established in Scotland in 2011 with the aim of influencing a wider range of social, cultural and other environmental factors which impact on people's experiences towards the end of life. Called Good Life, Good Death, Good Grief (GLGDGG) this alliance has grown and developed over the past 6 years, with a current diverse membership of over 1,100...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764175/caring-communities-as-collective-learning-process-findings-and-lessons-learned-from-a-participatory-research-project-in-austria
#19
Klaus Wegleitner, Patrick Schuchter
BACKGROUND: By now, the public health end-of-life care approach is well established and has induced diverse initiatives-subsumed under the concept of compassionate or caring communities-to engage the community in supporting vulnerable, dying people and their beloved ones. In the light of a participatory research project our paper examines the question: what are the deeper ideas behind caring communities and what constitutes a caring community? METHODS: A multi-level analysis based on (I) qualitative research with focus groups and interviews with community members within the project; (II) the reflection of the role of participatory research in caring community initiatives, and (III) the meta-analysis of an international expert workshop, which allowed to discuss our experiences and insights in the light of international caring community models and expertise...
April 2018: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763431/the-efficacy-of-life-review-therapy-combined-with-memory-specificity-training-lrt-mst-targeting-cancer-patients-in-palliative-care-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Gitta Kleijn, Birgit I Lissenberg-Witte, Ernst T Bohlmeijer, Bas Steunenberg, Kitty Knipscheer-Kuijpers, Vincent Willemsen, Annemarie Becker, Egbert F Smit, Corien M Eeltink, Anna M E Bruynzeel, Maurice van der Vorst, Remco de Bree, C René Leemans, Michiel W M van den Brekel, Pim Cuijpers, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an intervention combining Life Review Therapy (LRT) and Memory Specificity Training (MST) (LRT-MST) to improve ego-integrity and despair among cancer patients in palliative care. METHODS: In this multicentre randomized controlled trial, cancer patients in palliative care were randomized to the intervention group (LRT-MST; n = 55) or waiting-list control group (n = 52). LRT-MST is a 4-session home-based psychological intervention that aims to retrieve specific positive memories, to re-evaluate life events and to reconstruct the story of a patient's life, including the diagnosis of incurable cancer...
2018: PloS One
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