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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750209/the-listener-automatically-uses-spatial-story-representations-from-the-speaker-s-cohesive-gestures-when-processing-subsequent-sentences-without-gestures
#1
Kazuki Sekine, Sotaro Kita
This study examined spatial story representations created by speaker's cohesive gestures. Participants were presented with three-sentence discourse with two protagonists. In the first and second sentences, gestures consistently located the two protagonists in the gesture space: one to the right and the other to the left. The third sentence (without gestures) referred to one of the protagonists, and the participants responded with one of the two keys to indicate the relevant protagonist. The response keys were either spatially congruent or incongruent with the gesturally established locations for the two participants...
July 24, 2017: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750061/endocrine-and-aggressive-responses-to-competition-are-moderated-by-contest-outcome-gender-individual-versus-team-competition-and-implicit-motives
#2
Jon K Oxford, Johanna M Tiedtke, Anna Ossmann, Dominik Özbe, Oliver C Schultheiss
This study examined hormonal responses to competition in relation to gender, social context, and implicit motives. Participants (N = 326) were randomly assigned to win or lose in a 10-round, virtual face-to-face competition, in same-sex individual- and team-competition contexts. Saliva samples, taken before and twice after the competition, were assayed for testosterone (T), estradiol (E), progesterone (P), and cortisol (C). Implicit needs for power (nPower) and affiliation (nAffiliation) were assessed with a picture-story exercise before the competition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749725/advocacy-and-luck-australian-healthcare-experiences-following-a-suicide-attempt
#3
Kathy McKay, Fiona Shand
High quality mental health care after a suicide attempt is a key strategy for preventing subsequent suicide attempts and deaths, yet little is known about how people navigate the healthcare system following a suicide attempt. This paper focuses on the stories told by 20 people who had attempted suicide. Five themes emerged: fitting into the healthcare system; need for advocacy; consistent care; lucky to find help; and, small kindnesses. Positive and empathetic healthcare experiences, as well as connected services, assisted the recovery of people who have attempted suicide...
July 27, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749148/death-narratives-and-cervical-cancer-impact-of-character-death-on-narrative-processing-and-hpv-vaccination
#4
Melinda Krakow, Robert N Yale, Debora Perez Torres, Katheryn Christy, Jakob D Jensen
OBJECTIVES: Narratives hold promise as an effective public health message strategy for health behavior change, yet research on what types of narratives are most persuasive is still in the formative stage. Narrative persuasion research has identified 2 promising features of such messages that could influence behavior: whether characters live or die, and whether characters encounter key barriers. This study investigated the effects of these 2 narrative message features on young women's HPV vaccination intentions and examined mediating psychological processes of narrative persuasion in the context of cervical cancer messages...
July 27, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747994/lignin-valorization-lignin-nanoparticles-as-high-value-bio-additive-for-multifunctional-nanocomposites
#5
Dong Tian, Jinguang Hu, Jie Bao, Richard P Chandra, Jack N Saddler, Canhui Lu
BACKGROUND: Although conversion of low value but high-volume lignin by-product to its usable form is one of the determinant factors for building an economically feasible integrated lignocellulose biorefinery, it has been challenged by its structural complexity and inhomogeneity. We and others have shown that uniform lignin nanoparticles can be produced from a wide range of technical lignins, despite the varied lignocellulosic biomass and the pretreatment methods/conditions applied. This value-added nanostructure lignin enriched with multifunctional groups can be a promising versatile material platform for various downstream utilizations especially in the emerging nanocomposite fields...
2017: Biotechnology for Biofuels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747295/motivate-a-pretreatment-web-based-program-to-improve-attendance-at-uk-outpatient-services-among-adults-with-eating-disorders
#6
Sarah Muir, Ciarán Newell, Jess Griffiths, Kathy Walker, Holly Hooper, Sarah Thomas, Peter W Thomas, Jon Arcelus, James Day, Katherine M Appleton
BACKGROUND: In the UK, eating disorders affect upward of 725,000 people per year, and early assessment and treatment are important for patient outcomes. Around a third of adult outpatients in the UK who are referred to specialist eating disorder services do not attend, which could be related to patient factors related to ambivalence, fear, and a lack of confidence about change. This lack of engagement has a negative impact on the quality of life of patients and has implications for service costs...
July 26, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747149/public-health-interventions-school-nurse-practice-stories
#7
Linda J W Anderson, Marjorie A Schaffer, Cynthia Hiltz, Stacie A O'Leary, Ruth Ellen Luehr, Erika L Yoney
This study describes and analyzes school nurses' (SN) experiences with understanding and using public health interventions from the Public Health Intervention Wheel. The Wheel offers a model for naming interventions provided by SNs from a public health perspective. Research teams from academic and SN practice settings conducted six focus groups with school nurses from Minnesota. Participants were asked to share experiences through telling stories from their practice that represented a specific wedge of the Wheel...
January 1, 2017: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746785/half-the-story-thermal-effects-on-within-host-infectious-disease-progression-in-a-warming-climate
#8
Alexander Stewart, Pascal I Hablützel, Martha Brown, Hayley V Watson, Sophie Parker-Norman, Anya V Tober, Anna G Thomason, Ida M Friberg, Joanne Cable, Joseph A Jackson
Immune defence is temperature-dependent in cold-blooded vertebrates (CBVs) and thus directly impacted by global warming. We asked whether immunity and within-host infectious disease progression are altered in CBVs under realistic climate warming in a seasonal mid-latitude setting. Going further, we also asked how large thermal effects are in relation to the effects of other environmental variation in such a setting (critical to our ability to project infectious disease dynamics from thermal relationships alone)...
July 26, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746768/de-extinction-and-the-community-of-being
#9
Curt Meine
Extinction deeply colors the way we think about conservation and the role of humans in nature. It is easy to overlook how recently, in fact, it has entered our consciousness. Only in the last two centuries has science sought to critically study life's origins, development, and diversification. Only in the last several generations have we identified and calibrated life's five major extinction events and speculated on their causes and effects. And only in recent decades have we come to appreciate the still-unfolding fate of life's diversity under the increasing influence of humanity...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746763/reclaiming-hope-in-extinction-storytelling
#10
Patrice Kohl
Critics often take conservationists to task for delivering a constant barrage of bad news without offering a compelling vision of the future. Could recent advances in synthetic biology-an optimistic, forward-looking field with a can-do attitude-let conservationists develop a new vision and generate some better news? Synthetic biology and related gene-editing applications could be used to address threats to species. Genetic interventions might also be used in plants to better protect biodiversity in U.S. rangelands and forests...
July 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746655/smoking-control-in-brazil-a-public-health-success-story
#11
EDITORIAL
Paulo Andrade Lotufo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745976/new-approaches-to-difficult-drug-targets-the-phosphatase-story
#12
John S Lazo, Kelley E McQueeney, Elizabeth R Sharlow
The drug discovery landscape is littered with promising therapeutic targets that have been abandoned because of insufficient validation, historical screening failures, and inferior chemotypes. Molecular targets once labeled as "undruggable" or "intractable" are now being more carefully interrogated, and while they remain challenging, many target classes are appearing more approachable. Protein tyrosine phosphatases represent an excellent example of a category of molecular targets that have emerged as druggable, with several small molecules and antibodies recently becoming available for further development...
July 1, 2017: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745876/ionic-liquids-as-tool-to-improve-enzymatic-organic-synthesis
#13
Toshiyuki Itoh
Ionic liquids (ILs) have now been acknowledged as reaction media for biotransformations. The first three examples were reported in this field in 2000, and since then, numerous applications have been reported for biocatalytic reactions using ILs. Two topics using ILs for enzymatic reactions have been reviewed from the standpoint of biocatalyst mediating organic synthesis; the first is "Biocatalysis in Ionic Liquids" which includes various types of biocatalytic reactions in ILs (section 2): (1) recent examples of lipase-mediated reactions using ILs as reaction media for biodiesel oil production and for sugar ester production, (2) oxidase-catalyzed reactions in ILs, (3) laccase-catalyzed reactions, (4) peroxidase-catalyzed reactions, (4) cytochrome-mediated reactions, (5) microbe-mediated hydrations, (6) protease-catalyzed reactions, (8) whole cell mediated asymmetric reduction of ketones, (10) acylase-catalyzed reactions, (11) glycosylation or cellulase-mediated hydrolysis of polysaccharides, (12) hydroxynitrile lyase-catalyzed reaction, (13) fluorinase or haloalkane dehydrogenase-catalyzed reaction, (14) luciferase-catalyzed reactions, and (15) biocatalytic promiscuity of enzymatic reactions for organic synthesis using ILs...
July 26, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745466/dilated-cardiomyopathy-in-celiac-disease-what-is-the-plot-of-the-story
#14
Raffaella Mormile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745189/story-in-numbers
#15
(no author information available yet)
World Health Organization data on life expectancy.
July 26, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743595/the-film-tells-the-story-physical-chemical-characteristics-of-igg-at-the-liquid-air-interface
#16
Ellen Koepf, Rudolf Schroeder, Gerald Brezesinski, Wolfgang Friess
The presence of liquid-air interfaces in protein pharmaceuticals is known to negatively impact product stability. Nevertheless, the mechanisms behind interface-related protein aggregation are not yet fully understood. Little is known about the physical-chemical behavior of proteins adsorbed to the interface. Therefore, the combinatorial use of appropriate surface-sensitive analytical methods such as Langmuir trough experiments, Infrared Reflection-Absorption Spectroscopy (IRRAS), Brewster Angle Microscopy (BAM), and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) is highly expedient to uncover structures and events at the liquid-air interface directly...
July 22, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742935/response-to-telling-the-whole-story-about-simulation-based-education
#17
Christopher W H Yau, Elena Pizzo, Steve Morris, David E Odd, Cathy Winter, Timothy J Draycott
We thank Barsuk et al. for their letter, "Telling the whole story about simulation-based education" (1). We acknowledge that our paper, "The cost of local, multi-professional obstetric emergencies training"(2), focussed on the cost of training and did not elaborate on cost savings, value for money or return on investment (ROI). The authors' call for a ROI analysis is welcome. Others have estimated the potential savings of obstetric training (3). This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
July 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742673/practice-bulletin-no-181-prevention-of-rh-d-alloimmunization
#18
(no author information available yet)
Advances in the prevention and treatment of Rh D alloimmunization have been one of the great success stories of modern obstetrics. There is wide variation in prevalence rates of Rh D-negative individuals between regions, for example from 5% in India to 15% in North America (1). However, high birth rates in low prevalence areas means Rh hemolytic disease of the newborn is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in countries without prophylaxis programs (1). In such countries, 14% of affected fetuses are stillborn and one half of live born infants suffer neonatal death or brain injury (1)...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742667/practice-bulletin-no-181-summary-prevention-of-rh-d-alloimmunization
#19
(no author information available yet)
Advances in the prevention and treatment of Rh D alloimmunization have been one of the great success stories of modern obstetrics. There is wide variation in prevalence rates of Rh D-negative individuals between regions, for example from 5% in India to 15% in North America (1). However, high birth rates in low prevalence areas means Rh hemolytic disease of the newborn is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in countries without prophylaxis programs (1). In such countries, 14% of affected fetuses are stillborn and one half of live born infants suffer neonatal death or brain injury (1)...
August 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742469/when-fairness-clashes-with-personal-autonomy-and-parental-authority-a-comparison-of-daughters-and-mothers-reasoning-in-two-cultural-contexts-in-turkey
#20
Melike Acar
The author examined religious and secular daughters' and mothers' reasoning about personal autonomy, maternal authority, and moral concepts in family decision-making situations in urban Turkey. Sixty-eight daughters and 34 mothers were individually interviewed about decision-making autonomy in general issues and hypothetical daughter-mother conflicts. Results indicated participants regardless of their family status and religious background assigned more decision-making autonomy to mothers when evaluating general issues...
May 2017: Journal of Genetic Psychology
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