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Kaipeng Huang, Ruiming Li, Wentao Wei
Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN) is characterized by glomerular mesangial cells proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition in mesangial area, which develop into glomerulosclerosis. Both silent information regulator 2-related protein 1 (Sirt1) and nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2/ anti-oxidant response element (Nrf2/ARE) pathway had remarkable renoprotective effects. However, whether Sirt1 and Nrf2/ARE pathway can regulate the pathological process of MsPGN remains unknown...
May 18, 2018: European Journal of Pharmacology
Christopher Charles Conlin, Yufeng Huang, Brian Adam Jamison Gordon, Jeff L Zhang
Glomerular fibrosis occurs in early stage of multiple renal diseases, including hypertensive and diabetic nephropathy. Conventional assessment of glomerular fibrosis relies on kidney biopsy, which is invasive and does not reflect physiologic aspects such as blood perfusion. In this study, we sought to assess potential changes of cortical perfusion and microstructure at different degrees of glomerular fibrosis using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: A rat model of glomerular fibrosis was induced by injecting anti-Thy-1 monoclonal antibody OX-7 to promote mesangial extracellular matrix proliferation...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Haoping Sun, Henrik S Olsen, Emmanuel Y Mérigeon, Edward So, Erin Burch, Susan Kinsey, John C Papadimitriou, Cinthia B Drachenberg, Søren M Bentzen, David S Block, Scott E Strome, Xiaoyu Zhang
There is a lack of effective targeted therapies for the treatment of complement dependent diseases. We developed two recombinant Fc multimers, G207 and G211, with limited ability to interact with low/moderate affinity FcγRs, but with high avidity for C1q. These drugs effectively inhibited complement dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) in vitro, and prevented the deposition of C1q, C3b and MAC, on the surface of Ab-opsonized cells. Importantly, these inhibitory effects were both C1q dependent and independent. In order to determine the biologic relevance of our findings, we evaluated the clinical efficacy of these drugs in three different animal models, acute RBC hemolysis, anti-Thy-1 nephritis and passive Heymann's nephropathy (PHN), in which disease pathophysiology relies preferentially on complement activation...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
Masashi Uchida, Tomoya Miyoshi, Yohei Miyamoto
Cisplatin (CDDP) is a chemotherapeutic agent that is widely used in the treatment of lymphomas and solid malignancies. However, its clinical usage is limited by its severe side effects in the kidneys. Glomerular and tubular injuries in the kidneys commonly progress to interstitial fibrosis and, ultimately, the end stage of renal failure. We previously reported that 3-acetyl-5-methyltetronic acid (AMT) had inhibitory effects on rat renal vitamin K1 2,3-epoxide reductase (VKOR) in vitro and also suppressed mesangial cell proliferation and, consequently, the formation of fibrosis via the vitamin K-dependent activation of the growth arrest-specific 6 (Gas6)/Axl pathway in anti-Thy-1 glomerulonephritis (Thy-1 GN) in rats...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Zhen Zhang, Xiling Zhang, Xin Fang, Manabu Niimi, Yanru Huang, Honglan Piao, Shan Gao, Jianglin Fan, Jian Yao
Antioxidant glutathione (GSH) plays an important role in the regulation of immunity. However, little is known about its effects on humoral immunity, especially its action on effector molecules like antibody and complement. Given that these molecules contain abundant disulfide bonds, we speculated that GSH might influence the action of these proteins via its thiol function. Using a model of a glomerular mesangial cell (MC) lysis induced by antibodies plus complement, we addressed this hypothesis. Exposure of rat MCs to anti-Thy-1 antibody plus complement or anti-MC rabbit serum caused a complement-dependent cell lysis, which was completely blocked by GSH...
August 2017: Redox Biology
Ahmed Aglan, Sebastian Longen, Nathalie Dehne, Yvette Köhler, Mohamed Hassan, Martina Beck, Claudia Tredup, Meike Boosen, Tzung-Harn Louise Hsieh, Liliana Schaefer, Karl-Friedrich Beck, Josef Pfeilschifter
Renal mesangial cells are regarded as main players in glomerular inflammatory diseases. To investigate a possible crosstalk between inflammatory and hypoxia-driven signaling processes, we stimulated cultured mouse mesangial cells with different inflammatory agents and analyzed the expression of prolyl hydroxylase domain containing proteins (PHDs), the main regulators of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) stability. Administration of IL-1β (1 nM) and TNF-α (1 nM), a combination further referred to as cytokine mix (CM), resulted in a fivefold increase in PHD3 but not PHD1 and PHD2 mRNA expression compared to untreated controls...
March 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Joyce L Covre, Priscila C Cristovam, Renata R Loureiro, Rossen M Hazarbassanov, Mauro Campos, Élcio H Sato, José Álvaro P Gomes
PURPOSE: To culture quiescent human keratocytes and evaluate the effects of ultraviolet light and riboflavin on human corneal keratocytes in vitro. METHODS: Keratocytes were obtained from remaining corneoscleral ring donor corneas previously used in corneal transplant surgeries and cultured in DMEM/F12 with 2% FBS until confluence. Characterization of cultured cells was performed by immunofluorescence analysis for anti-cytokeratin-3, anti-Thy-1, anti-α-smooth muscle actin, and anti-lumican...
May 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
Honglan Piao, Yuan Chi, Xiling Zhang, Zhen Zhang, Kun Gao, Manabu Niimi, Manabu Kamiyama, Jinming Zhang, Masayuki Takeda, Jian Yao
Suramin inhibits immune responses and protects cells against inflammatory cell injury. However, little is known about its mechanisms. Using an in vitro model of glomerular mesangial cell (MC) lysis induced by antibodies plus complement, we investigated the potential protective effects and mechanisms of suramin on immunologic cell injury. Exposure of rat MCs to anti-Thy-1 antibody plus complement or anti-MC rabbit serum caused complement-dependent cell lysis, which was blocked by suramin and its structural analogue NF023 and NF049, but not by PPADS, an antagonist of purinergic receptors...
December 2016: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Wenjia Geng, Ribao Wei, Shuwen Liu, Li Tang, Hanyu Zhu, Pu Chen, Jie Wu, Xueguang Zhang, Fei Zhu, Zhong Yin, Xiangmei Chen
BACKGROUND: In China, mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (MsPGN) is one of the most common kidney diseases. In this study, we treated a rat model of chronic anti-Thy-1 MsPGN with Shenhua Tablet and evaluated whether the tablet was able to protect the kidney function. Thirty-six Wistar rats were randomly divided into six groups: (1) Sham surgery (Sham); (2) anti-Thy-1 nephritis model (Thy-1); (3) anti-Thy-1 nephritis model + irbesartan-treated (Irb); (4) anti-Thy-1 nephritis model + low-dose of Shenhua Tablet (SHL); (5) anti-Thy-1 nephritis model + medium-dose of Shenhua Tablet (SHM); (6) anti-Thy-1 nephritis model + high-dose of Shenhua Tablet (SHH)...
March 11, 2016: Biological Research
Jukka M Rintala, Johanna Savikko, Sini E Rintala, Niina Palin, Petri K Koskinen
BACKGROUND: Mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis is a common glomerular disorder that may lead to end-stage renal disease. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays an important role in the regulation of cell growth, proliferation, and differentiation and in the pathology of various renal diseases. Erlotinib is a novel, oral, highly selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor of the EGF receptor. It is clinically used to treat non-small cell lung and pancreatic cancers. Here, we investigated the effect of erlotinib on the progression of mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis in an experimental model...
June 2016: Journal of Nephrology
Narges Yousefi-Rad, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Mahdi Behdani, Shima Moradi-Kalbolandi, Mahdieh Motamedi-Rad, Mahdi Habibi-Anbouhi
Cluster of Differentiation 90 (CD90, Thy-1) has been proposed as one of the most important biomarkers in several cancer cells including cancer stem cells (CSCs). CD90 is considered as a potential normal stem cell and CSCs biomarker and also has been identified in lung cancer stem cells, hepatocellular carcinoma cells and high-grade gliomas. Using eukaryotic host systems involves complex procedures and frequently results in low protein yields. The expression of recombinant proteins in Escherichia coli is comparatively easier than eukaryotic host cells...
December 2015: Protein Expression and Purification
Ramona Dadu, Mimi I Hu, Charles Cleeland, Naifa L Busaidy, Mouhammed Habra, Steven G Waguespack, Steven I Sherman, Anita Ying, Patricia Fox, Maria E Cabanillas
INTRODUCTION: Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC)-related diarrhea can be debilitating, reduces quality of life (QOL), and may be the only indication for initiating systemic therapy. Conventional antidiarrheal drugs are not always helpful and may have side effects. Calcium aluminosilicate antidiarrheal (CASAD), a natural calcium montmorrilonite clay, safely adsorbs toxins and inflammatory proteins associated with diarrhea. It was hypothesized that CASAD would reduce the severity of diarrhea and improve QOL in MTC patients...
October 2015: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Yu-Ching Chen, Tsung-Lin Tsai, Xin-Hong Ye, Thy-Hou Lin
The antimicrobial and anticancer activities of an antimicrobial peptide (AMP) KL15 obtained through in silico modification on the sequences of 2 previously identified bacteriocins m2163 and m2386 from Lactobacillus casei ATCC 334 by us have been studied. While significant bactericidal effect on the pathogenic bacteria Listeria, Escherichia, Bacillus, Staphylococcus, Enterococcus is exerted by KL15, the AMP can also kill 2 human adenocarcinoma cells SW480 and Caco-2 with measured IC50 as 50 μg/ml or 26.3 μM...
2015: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Claude M Mfunyi, Myriam Vaillancourt, Julien Vitry, Thy-René Nsimba Batomene, Alma Posvandzic, Alexandra A Lambert, Caroline Gilbert
Exosomes are extracellular vesicles (EVs) that play a role in intercellular communication. Stimulation of dendritic cells by the HIV-1 virus triggers their release. HIV-1 binds to dendritic cells via dendritic cell immunoreceptor (DCIR). This study shows that inhibiting the binding to DCIR significantly decreases exosome release by HIV-1-pulsed dendritic cells. In addition, exosome release from Raji-CD4 expressing DCIR cells stimulated by anti-DCIR or HIV-1 is decreased when the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) signaling motif of DCIR is mutated...
October 2015: Virology
Pei-Rong Wang, Hiroshi Kitamura, Akira Shimizu, Nobuaki Yamanaka
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Immunologically and hemodynamically mediated the destruction of glomerular architecture is thought to be the major causes of end-stage renal failure. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of glomerular hypertension on glomerular injury and the progression of glomerular sclerosis after Thy-1 nephritis was induced. METHOD: Thy-1 nephritis was induced in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat strain (SHR-SP) (group SP) and in age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) (group WKY) rats, following unilateral nephrectomy (UNX), and a vehicle was injected alone in UNX SHR-SP as control (group SC)...
2015: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Daniel Mathias, Ronald E J Mitchel, Mirela Barclay, Heather Wyatt, Michelle Bugden, Nicholas D Priest, Stewart C Whitman, Markus Scholz, Guido Hildebrandt, Manja Kamprad, Annegret Glasow
Epidemiological studies indicate long-term risks of ionizing radiation on the heart, even at moderate doses. In this study, we investigated the inflammatory, thrombotic and fibrotic late responses of the heart after low-dose irradiation (IR) with specific emphasize on the dose rate. Hypercholesterolemic ApoE-deficient mice were sacrificed 3 and 6 months after total body irradiation (TBI) with 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, 0.5 or 2 Gy at low (1 mGy/min) or high dose rate (150 mGy/min). The expression of inflammatory and thrombotic markers was quantified in frozen heart sections (CD31, E-selectin, thrombomodulin, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, collagen IV, Thy-1, and CD45) and in plasma samples (IL6, KC, MCP-1, TNFα, INFγ, IL-1β, TGFβ, INFγ, IL-10, sICAM-1, sE-selectin, sVCAM-1 and fibrinogen) by fluorescence analysis and ELISA...
2015: PloS One
Yoshiki Higashijima, Tetsuhiro Tanaka, Junna Yamaguchi, Shinji Tanaka, Masaomi Nangaku
Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 is an enzyme that cleaves and inactivates incretin hormones capable of stimulating insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. DPP-4 inhibitors are now widely used for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Experimental studies have suggested a renoprotective role of DPP-4 inhibitors in various models of diabetic kidney disease, which may be independent of lowering blood glucose levels. In the present study, we examined the effect of DPP-4 inhibitors in the rat Thy-1 glomerulonephritis model, a nondiabetic glomerular injury model...
April 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Daiju Ichikawa, Masanao Asano, Susan A Shinton, Joni Brill-Dashoff, Anthony M Formica, Anna Velcich, Richard R Hardy, Kyoko Hayakawa
Expression of a germline VH3609/D/JH2 IgH in mice results in the generation of B1 B cells with anti-thymocyte/Thy-1 glycoprotein autoreactivity by coexpression of Vk21-5/Jk2 L chain leading to production of serum IgM natural autoantibody. In these same mice, the marginal zone (MZ) B cell subset in spleen shows biased usage of a set of Ig L chains different from B1 B cells, with 30% having an identical Vk19-17/Jk1 L chain rearrangement. This VH3609/Vk19-17 IgM is reactive with intestinal goblet cell granules, binding to the intact large polymatrix form of mucin 2 glycoprotein secreted by goblet cells...
January 15, 2015: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Dapeng Chen, Ying Li, Yan Mei, Wenjia Geng, Jurong Yang, Quan Hong, Zhe Feng, Guangyan Cai, Hanyu Zhu, Suozhu Shi, Xue-Yuan Bai, Xiangmei Chen
The main pathological characteristic of glomerulonephritis is diffuse mesangial cell proliferation. MiR-34a is associated with the proliferation of various organs and cancer cells. However, the role of miR-34a in renal proliferation diseases is not clear. Therefore, this study aimed to elucidate the mechanism of miR-34a in the regulation of renal mesangial cell proliferation. The miR-34a expression level at different time points in an anti-Thy1 mesangial proliferative nephritis rat model was determined by qRT-PCR...
October 2014: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Carlos Martínez-Moreno, Alexis Andres, Daniel Giterman, Edward Karpinski, Steve Harvey
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) have been shown to be sites of growth hormone (GH) production and GH action in the embryonic (embryo day 7, ED7) chick neural retina. Primary RGC cell cultures were previously used to determine autocrine or paracrine actions of GH in the retina, but the antibody used in their immunopanning (anti-Thy-1) is no longer available. We have therefore characterized an immortalized neural retina (QNR/D) cell line derived from ED7 embryonic quail as a replacement experimental model. These cells express the GH gene and have GH receptor (GHR)-immunoreactivity...
January 1, 2014: General and Comparative Endocrinology
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