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Myocardial infarction in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919351/identification-of-familial-hypercholesterolemia-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-a-chinese-cohort-study
#1
Sha Li, Yan Zhang, Cheng-Gang Zhu, Yuan-Lin Guo, Na-Qiong Wu, Ying Gao, Ping Qing, Xiao-Lin Li, Jing Sun, Geng Liu, Qian Dong, Rui-Xia Xu, Chuan-Jue Cui, Jian-Jun Li
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is marked by an elevated plasma cholesterol and risk of premature cardiovascular disease. An increased burden of FH is being realized. OBJECTIVE: To provide data on FH in Chinese patients with myocardial infarction (MI) and its potential contribution to early MI. METHODS: A total of 1843 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography with their first MI were recruited. The clinical FH was diagnosed using the Dutch Lipid Clinic Network criteria...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916048/-the-impact-of-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-on-outcome-of-elective-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-non-anemia-patients
#2
X M Liu, J Z Dong, X H Liu, J P Kang, T Y Luo, Y Guan, T Y Dai, Y Zhang, R Bai, X Du, C S Ma
Objective: Previous studies have revealed that the red blood cell distribution width (RDW) was associated with long-term prognosis in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, they did not exclude patients with anemia. This study, thus, investigated the association between RDW and prognosis in non-anemia patients. Methods: A total of 2 732 patients underwent elective PCI from July 2009 to September 2011 were enrolled in the study. These patients were divided into two groups based on their baseline median RDW levels: low RDW group (RDW<12...
December 1, 2016: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914592/hyperuricemia-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-is-it-associated-with-the-neuropsychiatric-manifestations-of-the-disease
#3
Mahdi Sheikh, Shafieh Movassaghi, Mohammad Khaledi, Maryam Moghaddassi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between hyperuricemia and different neuropsychiatric manifestations and stroke risk factors in systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. METHODS: This study was conducted on 204 SLE patients who were admitted to a tertiary referral center. A standardized questionnaire was completed for all the participants and the medical records were reviewed regarding the occurrence of arterial or venous thrombotic events, stroke, seizure, depression, headache, psychosis, and peripheral neuropathy...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912210/relative-contributions-of-arterial-stiffness-and-hypertension-to-cardiovascular-disease-the-framingham-heart-study
#4
Teemu J Niiranen, Bindu Kalesan, Naomi M Hamburg, Emelia J Benjamin, Gary F Mitchell, Ramachandran S Vasan
BACKGROUND: The presence and implications of abnormal arterial stiffness, a potential independent predictor of outcomes, in community-dwelling treated hypertensives is unknown. Furthermore, limited data exist regarding the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) associated with arterial stiffness across the entire range of blood pressure. METHODS AND RESULTS: We measured carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) and classical CVD risk factors in 2127 community-dwelling participants (mean age 60 years, 57% women) of The Framingham Offspring Cohort...
October 26, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907128/fasa-registry-on-acute-myocardial-infarction-farmi-feasibility-study-and-pilot-phase-results
#5
Ehsan Bahramali, Alireza Askari, Habib Zakeri, Mojtaba Farjam, Azizallah Dehghan, Kazem Zendehdel
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is the leading cause of death in Iran. Every attempt to improve treatment patterns and patient outcomes needs a surveillance system to both consider the efficacy and safety measures. Fasa Registry on Myocardial Infarction (FaRMI) is the first population-based registry for acute MI in Iran targeted to provide meticulous description of patients' characteristics, to explore the management patterns of these patients, to discover the degree of adherence to the practice guidelines, and to investigate the determinants of poor in-hospital and later outcomes...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905989/the-histone-deacetylase-inhibitor-sodium-butyrate-exhibits-neuroprotective-effects-for-ischemic-stroke-in-middle-aged-female-rats
#6
Min Jung Park, Farida Sohrabji
BACKGROUND: Sodium butyrate (NaB) is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor exhibiting anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects in a rat ischemic model of stroke as well as a myocardial ischemia model. Although clinical evidence shows that older women are at higher risk for stroke occurrence and greater stroke severity, no studies have evaluated the effectiveness of NaB either in females or in older animals. METHODS: To determine the effects of NaB on stroke in older females, acyclic middle-aged Sprague-Dawley female rats (9-11 months old, constant diestrus) were subject to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) by intracerebral injection of recombinant endothelin-1...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903562/validity-of-self-reported-myocardial-infarction-and-stroke-in-regions-with-sami-and-norwegian-populations-the-saminor-1-survey-and-the-cvdnor-project
#7
Bent-Martin Eliassen, Marita Melhus, Grethe S Tell, Kristin Benjaminsen Borch, Tonje Braaten, Ann Ragnhild Broderstad, Sidsel Graff-Iversen
OBJECTIVE: Updated knowledge on the validity of self-reported myocardial infarction (SMI) and self-reported stroke (SRS) is needed in Norway. Our objective was to compare questionnaire data and hospital discharge data from regions with Sami and Norwegian populations to assess the validity of these outcomes by ethnicity, sex, age and education. DESIGN: Validation study using cross-sectional questionnaire data and hospital discharge data from all Norwegian somatic hospitals...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899496/hormonal-contraception-and-risk-of-thromboembolism-in-women-with-diabetes
#8
Sarah H O'Brien, Terah Koch, Sara K Vesely, Eleanor Bimla Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: To investigate safety of hormonal contraception with regard to thromboembolic events in women with type 1 or 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We used data from 2002-2011 in Clinformatics Data Mart to identify women in the U.S., 14-44 years of age, with an ICD-9-CM code for diabetes and a prescription for a diabetic medication or device. We examined contraceptive claims and compared time to thromboembolism (venous thrombosis, stroke, or myocardial infarction) among women with diabetes dispensed hormonal contraception using a modification of Cox regression to control for age, smoking, obesity, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetic complications, and history of cancer; we excluded data for 3 months after women gave birth...
November 29, 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899438/the-impact-of-exercise-only-based-rehabilitation-on-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-after-myocardial-infarction
#9
Iwona Korzeniowska-Kubacka, Maria Bilińska, Dorota Piotrowska, Monika Stepnowska, Ryszard Piotrowicz
AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the effectiveness of exercise training on depression, anxiety, physical capacity and sympatho-vagal balance in patients after myocardial infarction and compare differences between men and women. METHODS: Thirty-two men aged 56.3±7.6 years and 30 women aged 59.2±8.1 years following myocardial infarction underwent an 8-week training programme consisting of 24 interval trainings on cycloergometer, three times a week. Before and after completing the training programme, patients underwent: depression intensity assessment with the Beck depression inventory; anxiety assessment with the state-trait anxiety inventory; a symptom-limited exercise test during which were analysed: maximal workload, duration, double product...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894414/anril-rs2383207-polymorphism-and-coronary-artery-disease-cad-risk-a-meta-analysis-with-observational-studies
#10
P Wang, P Dong, X Yang
Some studies investigated the association of antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) rs2383207 polymorphism with coronary artery disease (CAD) risk. However, the result was still inconsistent. The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is an association between the ANRIL rs2383207 polymorphism and CAD risk. We carried out a PubMed (Medline), EMBASE database search covering all published articles. The strength of association between ANRIL rs2383207 polymorphism and CAD risk was assessed by calculating OR with 95% CI...
October 31, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893054/outcomes-and-temporal-trends-of-inpatient-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-at-centers-with-and-without-on-site-cardiac-surgery-in-the-united-states
#11
Kashish Goel, Tanush Gupta, Dhaval Kolte, Sahil Khera, Gregg C Fonarow, Deepak L Bhatt, Mandeep Singh, Charanjit S Rihal
Importance: There are concerns whether percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) at centers without on-site cardiac surgery is safe outside of a tightly regulated research environment. Objective: To analyze the outcomes and temporal trends of inpatient PCI at centers without on-site cardiac surgery in an unselected and nationally representative population of the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: A national inpatient sample (N = 6 912 232) was used to identify patients who underwent inpatient PCI in the United States from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2012...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889328/multiple-spontaneous-coronary-artery-dissections-an-uncommon-cause-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-a-syrian-refugee
#12
Tina Zhu, Peggy DeJong, Amer M Johri
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is an uncommon nonatherosclerotic cause of acute coronary syndrome. It usually occurs in young women and is often associated with fibromuscular dysplasia, connective tissue diseases, and pregnancy or postpartum states. We present a case of a Syrian woman with a history of grand multiparity and recent miscarriage who presented with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction and was found to have multivessel spontaneous coronary artery dissection and severe left ventricular dysfunction...
August 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888764/clinical-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-young-women-and-men-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#13
Qinghua Ma, Jinwen Wang, Jing Jin, Ming Gao, Fang Liu, Shanshan Zhou, Feng Tian, Jie Liu, Yuqi Liu, Yundai Chen
OBJECTIVES: The clinical characteristics and prognosis of young women (≤50years) with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) are still unclear. METHODS: A total of 5196 patients with ACS were enrolled from the cardiac center of Chinese PLA General Hospital and Anzhen Hospital. The clinical characteristics of these patients were analyzed. Then the PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials electronic databases were searched from January 2001 to July 2016...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885060/gender-differences-in-physical-activity-following-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-adults-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Karl E Minges, Kelly M Strait, Neville Owen, David W Dunstan, Sarah M Camhi, Judith Lichtman, Mary Geda, Rachel P Dreyer, Héctor Bueno, John F Beltrame, Jeptha P Curtis, Harlan M Krumholz
AIMS: Despite the benefits of regular physical activity participation following acute myocardial infarction, little is known about gender differences in physical activity among patients after acute myocardial infarction. We described, by gender, physical activity trajectories pre- and post-acute myocardial infarction, and determined whether gender was independently associated with physical activity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Variation in Recovery: Role of Gender on Outcomes of Young AMI patients (VIRGO) study, conducted at 103 US, 24 Spanish, and three Australian hospitals, was designed, in part, to evaluate gender differences in lifestyle behaviors following acute myocardial infarction...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881570/excess-cardiovascular-risk-in-women-relative-to-men-referred-for-coronary-angiography-is-associated-with-severely-impaired-coronary-flow-reserve-not-obstructive-disease
#15
Viviany R Taqueti, Leslee J Shaw, Nancy R Cook, Venkatesh L Murthy, Nishant R Shah, Courtney R Foster, Jon Hainer, Ron Blankstein, Sharmila Dorbala, Marcelo F Di Carli
BACKGROUND: -Cardiovascular disease (CVD) fatality rates are higher for women as compared with men, yet obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) is less prevalent in women. Coronary flow reserve (CFR), an integrated measure of large and small vessel CAD and myocardial ischemia, identifies patients at risk for CVD death, but is not routinely measured in clinical practice. We sought to investigate the impact of sex, CFR, and angiographic CAD severity on adverse cardiovascular events. METHODS: -Consecutive patients (N=329, 43% women) referred for invasive coronary angiography after stress testing with myocardial perfusion positron emission tomography (PET) and with left ventricular ejection fraction >40% were followed (median 3...
November 14, 2016: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881527/clinical-factors-associated-with-initiation-of-and-persistence-with-adp-receptor-inhibiting-oral-antiplatelet-treatment-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-nationwide-cohort-study-from-finland
#16
Tuire Prami, Houssem Khanfir, Anna Deleskog, Pål Hasvold, Ville Kytö, Eeva Reissell, Juhani Airaksinen
OBJECTIVES: To study patient selection for and persistence with ADP receptor-inhibiting oral antiplatelet (OAP) treatment after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). DESIGN: Observational, retrospective, cohort study linking real-life patient-level register data. SETTING: Nationwide drug usage study using data of patients with ACS discharged from hospitals in Finland. PARTICIPANTS: The study population consisted of 54 416 patients (aged ≥18 years) following hospital admission for unstable angina pectoris or myocardial infarction during 2009-2013...
November 22, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881426/contemporary-trends-and-age-specific-sex-differences-in-management-and-outcome-for-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#17
Leonardo De Luca, Marco Marini, Lucio Gonzini, Alessandro Boccanelli, Gianni Casella, Francesco Chiarella, Stefano De Servi, Antonio Di Chiara, Giuseppe Di Pasquale, Zoran Olivari, Giorgio Caretta, Laura Lenatti, Michele Massimo Gulizia, Stefano Savonitto
BACKGROUND: Age- and sex-specific differences exist in the treatment and outcome of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We sought to describe age- and sex-matched contemporary trends of in-hospital management and outcome of patients with STEMI. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analyzed data from 5 Italian nationwide prospective registries, conducted between 2001 and 2014, including consecutive patients with STEMI. All the analyses were age- and sex-matched, considering 4 age classes: <55, 55 to 64, 65 to 74, and ≥75 years...
November 23, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876316/optimism-during-hospitalization-for-first-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-long-term-mortality-risk-a-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Netanela Weiss-Faratci, Ido Lurie, Yael Benyamini, Gali Cohen, Uri Goldbourt, Yariv Gerber
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between dispositional optimism, defined as generalized positive expectations about the future, and long-term mortality in young survivors of myocardial infarction (MI). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A subcohort of 664 patients 65 years and younger, drawn from the longitudinal Israel Study of First Acute Myocardial Infarction, completed an adapted Life Orientation Test (LOT) questionnaire during their index hospitalization between February 15, 1992, and February 15, 1993...
November 19, 2016: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871298/socioeconomic-variation-in-incidence-of-primary-and-secondary-major-cardiovascular-disease-events-an-australian-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Rosemary J Korda, Kay Soga, Grace Joshy, Bianca Calabria, John Attia, Deborah Wong, Emily Banks
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) disproportionately affects disadvantaged people, but reliable quantitative evidence on socioeconomic variation in CVD incidence in Australia is lacking. This study aimed to quantify socioeconomic variation in rates of primary and secondary CVD events in mid-age and older Australians. METHODS: Baseline data (2006-2009) from the 45 and Up Study, an Australian cohort involving 267,153 men and women aged ≥ 45, were linked to hospital and death data (to December 2013)...
November 21, 2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865662/sex-differences-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-is-it-only-the-age
#20
María Jesús Valero-Masa, Jesús Velásquez-Rodríguez, Felipe Diez-Delhoyo, Carolina Devesa, Miriam Juárez, Iago Sousa-Casasnovas, Rocío Angulo-Llanos, Francisco Fernández-Avilés, Manuel Martínez-Sellés
BACKGROUND: Several studies have shown that, after an acute myocardial infarction, women have worse prognosis than males. However, it is not clear if female sex is an independent predictor of mortality risk. Our aim was to analyse sex influence on the prognosis of these patients. METHODS: Retrospective registry of patients with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) from January 2010 to April 2015. RESULTS: From 1111 patients, 258 (23...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
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