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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036703/spiritual-religious-distress-is-associated-with-pain-catastrophizing-and-interference-in-veterans-with-chronic-pain
#1
J Irene Harris, Timothy Usset, Laura Krause, Damien Schill, Berdette Reuer, Rhonda Donahue, Crystal L Park
Objective: Few studies have examined relations between one important aspect of spiritual/religious functioning-spiritual distress-and pain-related outcomes, and none has examined how spiritual distress and depression conjointly relate to chronic pain. The goal of the present study, then, was to examine veterans' spiritual distress as a predictor of two aspects of chronic pain, catastrophizing and interference, testing a mediational model of depression. Design: Four hundred thirty-six patients seeking treatment in a chronic pain management clinic responded to a mailed survey assessing demographics, spiritual distress, depression, pain catastrophizing, and pain interference...
September 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035184/the-art-of-healing-through-narrative-medicine-in-clinical-practice-a-reflection
#2
Aeman Muneeb, Hena Jawaid, Natasha Khalid, Asad Mian
The art of medicine has roots that lie deep in developing the biopsychosocial connection. Understanding a human body (both its physiology and pathology) along with components of emotional and spiritual cores can lead to provision of excellent medical care and better outcomes. The harmonization of psychosocial consequences of a biological disease is helpful not just for health care professionals but also for patients. Where it keeps the empathy and compassion alive and results in greater patient satisfaction, it also helps boost the physician's morale...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034698/an-insight-into-the-patient-s-response-to-a-diagnosis-of-urological-cancer
#3
Beverley Anderson
A cancer diagnosis and the patient's response to the news pertains to all types of cancer, however, in this article, the focus is on urological cancer. Intrinsic to the management of this patient group is the urology multidisciplinary team, in which the role of the cancer nurse specialist (CNS) is pivotal. For most people, a cancer diagnosis is arguably their worst fear. It is therefore prudent that a holistic approach is used when determining care and ensuring that appropriate support is forthcoming. This necessitates an assessment of the physical, psychological/emotional, psycho-social, spiritual and cultural components of the individual's healthcare needs, and accordingly, devising a plan of care to secure the best outcomes...
October 12, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031378/-terrorism-youth-ideals-and-paranoia
#4
Ariane Bilheran
Adolescence is a period of initiation during which individuals learn to free themselves from the hold of their impulses. Fanaticism prevents this process: the subject regresses into a paranoid-type sectarian and murderous way of functioning. The fanaticism of the adolescent could thereby be related to a distorted spiritual search for his or her purpose.
October 2017: Soins; la Revue de Référence Infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031313/routes-to-diagnosis-for-men-with-prostate-cancer-men-s-cultural-beliefs-about-how-changes-to-their-bodies-and-symptoms-influence-help-seeking-actions-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Michelle King-Okoye, Anne Arber, Sara Faithfull
PURPOSE: To examine the findings of existing studies in relation to men's cultural beliefs about changes to their bodies relevant to prostate cancer and how these affect interpretation of bodily changes and help-seeking actions. METHOD: We undertook a narrative review of studies conducted from 2004 to 2017 in 6 databases that highlighted men's beliefs and help-seeking actions for bodily changes suggestive of prostate cancer. RESULTS: Eighteen (18) studies reflecting men from various ethnicities and nationalities were included...
October 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028365/exploring-self-care-and-preferred-supports-for-adult-parents-in-recovery-from-substance-use-disorders-qualitative-findings-from-a-feasibility-study
#6
Phyllis A Raynor, Charlene Pope, Janet York, Gigi Smith, Martina Mueller
Very little is known about the self-care behaviors (SCB) that adult parents employ and the preferred supports they utilize to maintain their recovery from substance use disorders (SUD) while also parenting their children. This study used a qualitative descriptive approach to explore perceptions of self-care and parenting to inform future self-care interventions for parents in early recovery. Nineteen mothers and fathers of at least one child between the ages of 6-18 were interviewed by telephone about parental self-care practices while in recovery from SUD, recovery management, and preferred supports in the community...
October 13, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027618/moral-injury-contextualized-care
#7
Keith G Meador, Jason A Nieuwsma
Amidst the return of military personnel from post-9/11 conflicts, a construct describing the readjustment challenges of some has received increasing attention: moral injury. This term has been variably defined with mental health professionals more recently conceiving of it as a transgression of moral beliefs and expectations that are witnessed, perpetrated, or allowed by the individual. To the extent that morality is a system of conceptualizing right and wrong, individuals' moral systems are in large measure developmentally and socially derived and interpreted...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#8
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025507/development-and-validation-of-the-outcome-expectations-for-yoga-scale
#9
Herpreet Thind, Marie A Sillice, Joseph L Fava, Ryan Lantini, Santina Horowitz, Ernestine Jennings, Rochelle K Rosen, James Carmody, Bruce M Becker, Bess H Marcus, Beth C Bock
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an instrument that can measure outcome expectations of yoga and to evaluate the instrument for internal consistency and initial construct validity. METHODS: A 20-item scale was developed to assess physical, mental, and spiritual health benefits related to yoga practice among adults. The scale was tested in a baseline survey with adults participating in a clinical trial. Principal component analysis was used to investigate the internal structure of the measure...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024708/nationwide-quality-of-hospice-care-findings-from-the-centers-for-medicare-medicaid-services-cms-hospice-quality-reporting-program-hqrp
#10
Nan Tracy Zheng, Qinghua Li, Laura C Hanson, Kathryn L Wessell, Natalie Chong, Noha Sherif, Ila H Broyles, Jennifer Frank, M Alexis Kirk, Carol R Schwartz, Alan F Levitt, Franziska Rokoske
BACKGROUND: With increasing use of the Medicare hospice benefit, policymakers recognize the need for quality measurement to assure that terminally ill patients receive high quality care and have the information they need when selecting a hospice. Towards these goals, CMS has been collecting standardized patient-level quality data via the Hospice Item Set (HIS) since July 1, 2014. OBJECTIVES: This article presents a first look at the national hospice HIS quality data...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023713/integrating-clients-religion-spirituality-in-clinical-practice-a-comparison-among-social-workers-psychologists-counselors-marriage-and-family-therapists-and-nurses
#11
Holly K Oxhandler, Danielle E Parrish
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to describe and compare five helping professions' views and behaviors regarding the integration of clients' religion/spirituality (RS) in clinical practice. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used to survey 3,500 licensed clinical psychologists, nurses, marriage and family therapists (LMFTs), clinical social workers, and professional counselors across Texas. A total of 550 responded to this online survey, which included the Religious/Spiritually Integrated Practice Assessment Scale and background questions...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020861/psilocybin-occasioned-mystical-type-experience-in-combination-with-meditation-and-other-spiritual-practices-produces-enduring-positive-changes-in-psychological-functioning-and-in-trait-measures-of-prosocial-attitudes-and-behaviors
#12
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Robert Jesse, Katherine A MacLean, Frederick S Barrett, Mary P Cosimano, Maggie A Klinedinst
Psilocybin can occasion mystical-type experiences with participant-attributed increases in well-being. However, little research has examined enduring changes in traits. This study administered psilocybin to participants who undertook a program of meditation/spiritual practices. Healthy participants were randomized to three groups (25 each): (1) very low-dose (1 mg/70 kg on sessions 1 and 2) with moderate-level ("standard") support for spiritual-practice (LD-SS); (2) high-dose (20 and 30 mg/70 kg on sessions 1 and 2, respectively) with standard support (HD-SS); and (3) high-dose (20 and 30 mg/70kg on sessions 1 and 2, respectively) with high support for spiritual practice (HD-HS)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020846/patients-and-caregivers-needs-experiences-preferences-and-research-priorities-in-spiritual-care-a-focus-group-study-across-nine-countries
#13
Lucy Ellen Selman, Lisa Jane Brighton, Shane Sinclair, Ikali Karvinen, Richard Egan, Peter Speck, Richard A Powell, Ewa Deskur-Smielecka, Myra Glajchen, Shelly Adler, Christina Puchalski, Joy Hunter, Nancy Gikaara, Jonathon Hope
BACKGROUND: Spiritual distress is prevalent in advanced disease, but often neglected, resulting in unnecessary suffering. Evidence to inform spiritual care practices in palliative care is limited. AIM: To explore spiritual care needs, experiences, preferences and research priorities in an international sample of patients with life-limiting disease and family caregivers. DESIGN: Focus group study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Separate patient and caregiver focus groups were conducted at 11 sites in South Africa, Kenya, South Korea, the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Finland and Poland...
October 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992862/palliative-care-for-cancer-survivors
#14
REVIEW
Sydney M Dy, Sarina R Isenberg, Nebras Abu Al Hamayel
The palliative care approach for survivors begins with comprehensive assessment of communication and advance care planning needs and the physical, psychological and psychiatric, social, spiritual and religious, and cultural domains. Communication and decision-making about difficult issues should include responding to emotions, planning for future communication needs, and considering reasons for miscommunication. Key palliative approaches to symptom management include addressing physical and psychosocial concerns, and using nonpharmacologic approaches first or together with medications...
November 2017: Medical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992516/production-of-the-sicilian-distillate-spiritu-re-fascitrari-from-honey-by-products-an-interesting-source-of-yeast-diversity
#15
Raimondo Gaglio, Antonio Alfonzo, Nicola Francesca, Onofrio Corona, Rosalia Di Gerlando, Pietro Columba, Giancarlo Moschetti
The "Spiritu re fascitrari" (SRF) is a typical Sicilian distillate obtained from the by-products of traditional process of honey production. Although some alcoholic fermentation of honey based products have been described, the present research represents the first investigation on the yeast ecology and the physico-chemical characteristics of honey by-products subjected to an alcoholic fermentation followed by distillation. All samples collected during manufacturing process were analysed for the count of total, osmophilic and osmotolerant yeasts...
September 11, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992349/singing-and-vocal-interventions-in-palliative-and-cancer-care-music-therapists-perceptions-of-usage
#16
Amy Clements-Cortés
Background: Music therapists in palliative and cancer care settings often use singing and vocal interventions. Although benefits for these interventions are emerging, more information is needed on what type of singing interventions are being used by credentialed music therapists, and what goal areas are being addressed. Objective: To assess music therapists' perceptions on how they use singing and vocal interventions in palliative and cancer care environments. Method: Eighty credentialed music therapists from Canada and the United States participated in this two-part convergent mixed-methods study that began with an online survey, followed by individual interviews with 50% (n = 40) of the survey participants...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990634/understanding-end-of-life-decision-making-terminology-among-african-american-older-adults
#17
Karen O Moss, Nancy L Deutsch, Patricia J Hollen, Virginia G Rovnyak, Ishan C Williams, Karen M Rose
The purpose of the current study was to examine understanding of end-of-life (EOL) decision-making terminology among family caregivers of African American older adults with dementia. This qualitative descriptive study was part of a larger mixed-methods study from which a subset of caregivers (n = 18) completed interviews. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analyses guided by methods of qualitative analysis. Caregiver interpretation of EOL decision-making terminology varied between associations before and/or after death...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989120/quality-of-life-assessment-should-be-part-of-oral-health-evaluations-in-day-to-day-practice
#18
Shailesh M Gondivkar, Amol R Gadbail, Sachin C Sarode, Shankargouda Patil
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity."(1) Quality of Life (QoL) is a crucial and often required measure of an individual's general well-being. The QoL is an established term incorporating different facets of life like physical, psychological, social, economical, spiritual, cognitional, and sexual dimensions.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987753/prospective-evaluation-of-physical-contact-with-critically-ill-child-on-caregiver-spiritual-wellbeing
#19
Brian D Leland, Mara E Nitu, Maureen Hancock, Karen Moody, Richard Gunderman, Elizabeth Moser, Courtney M Rowan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a pediatric intensive care unit initiative promoting physical contact between caregiver and patient improves caregiver spiritual wellbeing. The secondary objectives were to evaluate caregiver perceptions of care before and after the initiative and to follow unplanned extubation rate as a marker of safety of the initiative. We hypothesized that caregiver spiritual wellbeing and caregiver perceptions of care would improve with implementation of our physical contact initiative known as Project ROSE (Reach Out, Soothe, and Embrace)...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985922/end-of-life-care-in-nursing-homes-in-spain-exploratory-analysis-and-evidences-of-validity-of-a-new-scale
#20
María Remedios Sánchez-García, Jose Antonio Gutiérrez-Romero, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara, César Hueso-Montoro, Claire Goodman, Rafael Montoya-Juárez
Quality end-of-life care is a central issue in nursing homes, requiring the assessment of individual and family needs by health professionals. Although previous instruments have been developed, they usually rely on family reports and have been adapted from other clinical contexts (hospital or primary care). It is important to consider how health care professionals working in nursing homes perceive what is necessary to achieve quality end-of-life care. In this study, the objective was to develop an instrument to assess quality of end-of-life care in the context of Spanish care homes...
October 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
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