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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926808/evaluation-of-communication-and-acceptance-of-the-patients-by-medical-personnel
#1
Anna Włoszczak-Szubzda, Mirosław J Jarosz, Mariusz Goniewicz, Krzysztof Goniewicz
Background: The low level of patient satisfaction recorded in many studies and, at the same time, the level of frustration and burnout, disclosed by medics in the perception of the patient as a ‘problem’, incline to look for the causes of inadequate relationship between physician and patient. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of acceptance of the patient by the medical personnel. The research problem was the acceptance level which was within the range of the communication skills of the nurses and doctors...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925608/active-music-therapy-and-physical-improvements-from-rehabilitation-for-neurological-conditions
#2
Demian Leandro Kogutek, Jeffrey David Holmes, Jessica Adrienne Grahn, Sara G Lutz, Emily Ready
Context • A variety of rehabilitation-based interventions are currently available for individuals with physical impairments resulting from neurological conditions, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and speech language pathology. Many individuals find participation in those therapies to be challenging. Alternative therapies have emerged as beneficial adjunctive treatments for individuals undergoing neurological rehabilitation, including music therapy (MT). Objective • The study intended to identify and collate systematically the evidence on MT interventions that address physical improvements in a rehabilitative setting...
October 2016: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925104/epistemology-of-nursing-care-a-reflection-on-its-foundations
#3
Márcia Eller Miranda Salviano, Prince Daiane Felizardo Silva Nascimento, Mariane Andreza de Paula, Carolina Santiago Vieira, Susiane Sucasas Frison, Mariana Almeida Maia, Kleyde Ventura Souza, Eline Lima Borges
Objective: to reflect on nursing care and its epistemology from its historical, theoretical, philosophical, spiritual dimensions and as a social practice. Method: discussions originated in the discipline "Epistemology of caring", from the graduate nursing program of the School of Nursing, Federal University of Minas Gerais, and in critical analysis of nursing literature together with the professional practice of the authors. Results: we identified the necessity of developing a critical conscience on health care provision, research, and teaching, as well as on challenges in maintaining high standards of working interpersonal relationships, which has a profound impact on population health...
November 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924753/referral-criteria-for-outpatient-specialty-palliative-cancer-care-an-international-consensus
#4
REVIEW
David Hui, Masanori Mori, Sharon M Watanabe, Augusto Caraceni, Florian Strasser, Tiina Saarto, Nathan Cherny, Paul Glare, Stein Kaasa, Eduardo Bruera
Although outpatient specialty palliative-care clinics improve outcomes, there is no consensus on who should be referred or the optimal timing for referral. In response to this issue, we did a Delphi study to develop consensus on a list of criteria for referral of patients with advanced cancer at secondary or tertiary care hospitals to outpatient palliative care. 60 international experts (26 from North America, 19 from Asia and Australia, and 11 from Europe) on palliative cancer care rated 39 needs-based criteria and 22 time-based criteria in three iterative rounds...
December 2016: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923255/-psychotherapy-and-religion-a-representative-survey-among-psychotherapists-in-southern-germany
#5
Michael Marquardt, Joachim Heinrich Demling
Objective: Religion and spirituality play an appreciable role as a problem area or as a resource for patients with mental disorders. It is therefore of interest what attitudes psychotherapists assume towards this complex range of issues in their work, but also in their personal lives. The majority of empirical studies on this subject originate from the USA, with little data being available from Europe and Germany. Our own survey among practising psychotherapists was designed to elucidate these questions. Method and Study Population: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the form of a written survey of all accessible practising psychotherapists in the area of Northern Bavaria (Franconian administrative districts; n=1 081, return rate 65%)...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922915/lifestyle-behaviors-perceived-stress-and-inflammation-of-individuals-with-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease
#6
Debra Lynch Kelly, Debra E Lyon, Deidre Periera, Cynthia Garvan, John Wingard
BACKGROUND: Stress is a potent immunomodulator contributing to chronic conditions. Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) is a life-threatening late effect of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation associated with stress and exaggerated immune response that may be associated to lifestyle behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore associations among lifestyle behaviors, perceived stress, and inflammation of individuals with cGVHD. METHODS: A secondary analysis from a prospective observational study of 24 adults (≥18 years) with cGVHD was conducted...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919306/finding-peace-in-clinical-settings-a-narrative-review-of-concept-and-practice
#7
Philip Austin, Roderick MacLeod
The purpose of this review was to investigate and review the concept of "peace" and the role it plays in the spiritual well-being and care of people with a chronic or terminal illness. Our objectives were, first, to examine the importance of peace in palliative care as a measure of acceptance and in chronic illness settings as a predictor of improved survival. Second, we explored the dimensions of peace and their relationships with spiritual well-being. We further examined how the constructs of peace are assessed both within valid spiritual well-being measures and as individual items related solely to peace...
December 6, 2016: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918171/the-complexities-of-power-in-feminist-multicultural-psychotherapy-supervision
#8
Alexis V Arczynski, Susan L Morrow
The goal of the present study was to understand how current feminist multicultural supervisors understand and implement their feminist multicultural principles into clinical supervision. We addressed this aim by answering the following research question: How do self-identified feminist multicultural psychotherapy supervisors conceptualize and practice feminist supervision that is explicitly multicultural? The perspectives of 14 participant supervisors were obtained by using semistructured initial interviews, follow-up interviews, and feedback interviews and were investigated via a feminist constructivist grounded theory design and analysis...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917548/nurses-comfort-level-with-spiritual-assessment-a-study-among-nurses-working-in-diverse-healthcare-settings
#9
Pamela H Cone, Tove Giske
AIMS: To gain knowledge about nurses' comfort level in assessing spiritual matters and to learn what questions nurses use in practice related to spiritual assessment. BACKGROUND: Spirituality is important in holistic nursing care; however, nurses report feeling uncomfortable and ill-prepared to address this domain with patients. Education is reported to impact nurses' ability to engage in spiritual care. DESIGN: This cross-sectional exploratory survey reports on a mixed-method study examining how comfortable nurses are with spiritual assessment...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913870/managing-knee-osteoarthritis-with-yoga-or-aerobic-strengthening-exercise-programs-in-older-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Corjena Cheung, Jean F Wyman, Ulf Bronas, Teresa McCarthy, Kyle Rudser, Michelle A Mathiason
Although exercise is often recommended for managing osteoarthritis (OA), limited evidence-based exercise options are available for older adults with OA. This study compared the effects of Hatha yoga (HY) and aerobic/strengthening exercises (ASE) on knee OA. Randomized controlled trial with three arms design was used: HY, ASE, and education control. Both HY and ASE groups involved 8 weekly 45-min group classes with 2-4 days/week home practice sessions. Control group received OA education brochures and weekly phone calls from study staff...
December 2, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909570/need-for-accessible-infertility-care-in-ghana-the-patients-voice
#11
Nana Yaw Osei
According to the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) infertility and childlessness are the most important reason for divorce in Ghana. The traditional Ghanaian society is pro-natal and voluntary childlessness is very uncommon. Patient groups are almost non-existent in Sub-Saharan Africa, aggravating the situation of childless couples. Due to the lack of enough and affordable high quality infertility services, many women resort to traditional healing, witchcraft and spiritual mediation. Considering the severe sociocultural and economic consequences of childlessness, especially for women, there is an urgent need for accessible and affordable high quality infertility care in Ghana...
June 27, 2016: Facts, Views & Vision in ObGyn
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909236/sexual-risk-behaviors-of-african-american-adolescent-females-the-role-of-cognitive-and-religious-factors
#12
Safiya George Dalmida, Natasha Aduloju-Ajijola, Dora Clayton-Jones, Tami L Thomas, Ricardo J Erazo Toscano, Rashunda Lewis, Terri Fleming, Shirley Taylor, Macie Lunyong
INTRODUCTION: African American (AA) high school-age girls are more likely to have had sex before age 13 years and have higher rates of all sexually transmitted infections. Cognition and religion/spirituality are associated with adolescent sexuality, therefore, the purpose of this study was to identify cognitive and religious substrates of AA girls' risky sexual behaviors. METHOD: A descriptive study was conducted with 65 AA girls aged 15 to 20 years using computerized questionnaires and cognitive function tasks...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909165/psilocybin-produces-substantial-and-sustained-decreases-in-depression-and-anxiety-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-double-blind-trial
#13
Roland R Griffiths, Matthew W Johnson, Michael A Carducci, Annie Umbricht, William A Richards, Brian D Richards, Mary P Cosimano, Margaret A Klinedinst
: Cancer patients often develop chronic, clinically significant symptoms of depression and anxiety. Previous studies suggest that psilocybin may decrease depression and anxiety in cancer patients. The effects of psilocybin were studied in 51 cancer patients with life-threatening diagnoses and symptoms of depression and/or anxiety. This randomized, double-blind, cross-over trial investigated the effects of a very low (placebo-like) dose (1 or 3 mg/70 kg) vs. a high dose (22 or 30 mg/70 kg) of psilocybin administered in counterbalanced sequence with 5 weeks between sessions and a 6-month follow-up...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909164/rapid-and-sustained-symptom-reduction-following-psilocybin-treatment-for-anxiety-and-depression-in-patients-with-life-threatening-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Stephen Ross, Anthony Bossis, Jeffrey Guss, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, Tara Malone, Barry Cohen, Sarah E Mennenga, Alexander Belser, Krystallia Kalliontzi, James Babb, Zhe Su, Patricia Corby, Brian L Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Clinically significant anxiety and depression are common in patients with cancer, and are associated with poor psychiatric and medical outcomes. Historical and recent research suggests a role for psilocybin to treat cancer-related anxiety and depression. METHODS: In this double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial, 29 patients with cancer-related anxiety and depression were randomly assigned and received treatment with single-dose psilocybin (0...
December 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908851/natasha-rostova-a-spiritual-recovery-from-depression-in-war-and-peace-psychiatry-in-literature
#15
Hannah Marcarian, Paul O Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906720/decisions-regarding-forgoing-life-sustaining-treatments
#16
Gail A Van Norman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Decisions to forego life-sustaining treatments are complex, and disagreements between physicians and patients occur. This review discusses recent findings regarding what factors influence physicians and patients or their surrogates in these decisions and considers whether futility arguments regarding life-sustaining treatments should be abandoned. RECENT FINDINGS: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is one paradigm in the literature for studying end-of-life decision-making...
November 30, 2016: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902562/enhancing-themes-and-strengths-assessment-leveraging-academic-led-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment-to-uncover-roots-of-community-health-inequities
#17
Jennifer Hebert-Beirne, Jennifer K Felner, Yvette Castañeda, Sheri Cohen
CONTEXT: Rigorous qualitative research can enhance local health departments' efforts to gain a deeper insight into residents' perceived community health inequities necessary for productive community health assessments (CHAs) and community health improvement plans (CHIPs). OBJECTIVE: The Chicago Department of Public Health and the Partnership for Healthy Chicago used the National Association of County & City Health Officials' Mobilizing for Action through Planning and Partnerships (MAPP) model to conduct its CHA/CHIP, Healthy Chicago 2...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901626/experiences-of-living-with-opioid-dependence-an-interview-study-among-individuals-participating-in-medication-assisted-treatment
#18
Ylva Melin, Margita Eklund, Britt-Marie Lindgren
In order to describe experiences of living with opioid dependence, thirteen interviews were conducted with people participating in medication-assisted treatment. The results showed that living with opioid dependence is about the two-faced drug. The participant's past was a constant burden in life, and the drug filled a spiritual emptiness. The participant's described a life in chaos and pain, and furthermore, a life without dignity and in alienation. Opioid dependence means great suffering. Having a holistic view and by gaining an understanding of the complexities of opioid dependence, healthcare professionals can provide nonjudgmental and respectful treatment...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901625/recovery-in-substance-use-disorders-what-to-know-to-inform-practice
#19
Julie Worley
Use of illicit substances and nonmedical use of prescription medication worldwide has increased dramatically in the past several years. Approximately 10% of people who use illicit substances will develop a substance use disorder (SUD). Similar to other chronic health disorders, periods of remission and exacerbation commonly occur in SUDs. Due to stigma and difficulty with definition, terminology related to SUDs has changed and evolved. Terms referring to nonuse of substances such as sobriety and abstinence are likely best replaced with the term remission...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901408/four-steps-to-eliminate-or-reduce-pain-in-children-caused-by-needles-part-1
#20
Stefan J Friedrichsdorf
Dr Stefan Friedrichsdorf* speaks to Jade Parker, Commissioning Editor: Stefan J Friedrichsdorf, MD, is medical director of the Department of Pain Medicine, Palliative Care and Integrative Medicine at Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota, Minneapolis/St Paul, MN, USA, home to one of the largest and most comprehensive programs of its kind in the country. The interdisciplinary pain team is devoted to prevent and treat acute, procedural, neuropathic, psycho-social-spiritual, visceral, and chronic/complex pain for all inpatients and outpatients in close collaboration with all pediatric subspecialties at Children's Minnesota...
November 30, 2016: Pain Management
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