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Rogério R Zimpel, Raquel Gehrke Panzini, Denise Ruschel Bandeira, Elizeth Heldt, Gisele Gus Manfro, Marcelo P Fleck, Neusa Sica da Rocha
Few studies have investigated the relationship between spiritual/religious coping (S/R coping) and panic disorder (PD). This Brazilian longitudinal study evaluated if S/R coping and depressive symptoms can predict PD remission and improved quality of life (QoL). There were 101 outpatients with PD who were followed up for 12 to 16 weeks. The prevalence ratio (PR) between positive S/R coping and negative S/R coping and PD remission was assessed, as well as the association between positive S/R coping and negative S/R coping and QoL...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Zahra Khazaeipour, Alireza Nikbakht-Nasrabadi, Nooredin Mohammadi, Alireza Salehi-Nejad, Maryam Shabany
STUDY DESIGN: This was a qualitative study conducted using an interpretative phenomenological approach. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in women with spinal cord injury (SCI). SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. METHODS: The data were collected using telecommunication and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with eight women with SCI...
June 14, 2018: Spinal Cord
Sydney Church, Urvita Bhatia, Richard Velleman, Gill Velleman, Jim Orford, Anil Rane, Abhijit Nadkarni
INTRODUCTION: Despite the large burden of a relative's drinking on their family members, the latter's perspectives and experiences are largely neglected. The aims of this article are to assess the coping strategies used by affected family members (AFMs) in Goa, India, and to examine the nature of the support they have for dealing with their drinking relative. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted with adult AFMs selected through purposive and maximum variation sampling...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Carol Y Ochoa, Regine Haardörfer, Cam Escoffery, Kevin Stein, Kassandra I Alcaraz
OBJECTIVE: Although cancer survival rates continue to improve, overall disparities persist for ethnic minority survivors, who have a disproportionately high risk of experiencing poor quality of life, despite documented higher levels of self-reported spirituality. Yet, little is known about the relationship between spirituality and social support and health outcomes among Hispanic survivors. This study examined (1) differences between Hispanic and non-Hispanic white survivors on health, social support and spirituality and (2) the potential mediating roles of mental health and emotional distress on general health perceptions...
June 14, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Alison Searle
The relationship between pain as a physical and emotional experience and the concept of suffering as an essential aspect of sanctification for faithful believers was a paradoxical and pressing theological and phenomenological issue for puritan and non-conformist communities in 17th-century England. Pain allows the paradox of non-conformists' valorisation and suppression of corporeality to be explored due to its simultaneous impact on the mind and body and its tendency to leak across boundaries separating an individual believer from other members of their family or faith community...
June 2018: Medical Humanities
Mercedes Rativa Velandia, Sonia Patricia Carreño Moreno
OBJECTIVES: This work sought to determine the family economic burden associated with caring for the child with cancer. METHODS: Descriptive study with quantitative approach. The sample comprised 50 families of children with cancer attending a foundation in Bogotá (Colombia), which accompanies integrally children with lupus and cancer from a vulnerable population (providing food, psychological and spiritual advice, lodging, transportation and education). An identification file was employed to characterize the subjects and the Survey "Financial cost of caring for Chronic illness" by Montoya et al...
February 2018: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette, Yeon-Shim Lee
Although cancer disparities among American Indian (AI) women are alarming, research on spiritual coping among this population is virtually nonexistent. This is particularly problematic, given the importance of medical practitioners' discussing the topic with cancer patients, along with the centrality of spirituality to many AI patients. The purpose of this article was to explore AI women cancer survivors' spiritual coping with their experiences. Using a community-based participatory research approach, this qualitative descriptive study included a sample of 43 AI women cancer survivors (n = 14 breast cancer, n = 14 cervical cancer, and n = 15 colon and other types of cancer)...
June 12, 2018: Health & Social Work
Joao Mauricio Castaldelli-Maia, Livia Beraldo, Antonio Ventriglio, Arthur Guerra de Andrade, Antonio Geraldo da Silva, Julio Torales, Priscila Dib Goncalves, Dinesh Bhugra
Substance use disorders are an important public health problem with a multifactorial etiology and limited effective treatment options. Within this context, spirituality-based approaches may provide interesting and useful options in managing substance use disorders. This kind of intervention can have positive effects in alleviating some core symptoms associated with substance use, such as aggressiveness. Improvement in cessation rates for alcohol, cocaine and opioid use disorders have also been described in some clinical studies...
June 11, 2018: Current Drug Abuse Reviews
Hadi Hassankhani, Samereh Eghtedar, Azad Rahmani, Hossein Ebrahimi
This qualitative study was conducted to explore the empowerment experiences of family caregivers of patients with cancer. Empowerment consisted of 3 main categories: (1) seeking tranquility with the help of religious beliefs, (2) developing a positive attitude, and (3) restoring control over the situation. Results may help nurses for planning spiritual and supportive care.
July 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
Leigh Booth, Sara Kaylor
Student nurses are unprepared to meet the spiritual needs of patients, and are often uncomfortable addressing this. This article aims to describe the student perspective of spirituality in relation to the holistic care model. Findings from the study provide insight about preparing nursing students to deliver spiritual care in nursing practice.
July 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
Mehdi Akbari, Sayed Morteza Hossaini
Objective: The World Health Organization's definition of health now stands open to severe criticism due to changes in today's world and the accompanying mental void; in addition to physical, psychological, and social aspects, spiritual health and its interaction with the other aspects has been studied in scientific literature and recent research. The present study was conducted to investigate the mediating role of emotional regulation in the relationship between spiritual health with quality of life, psychological health, and burnout...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Mrayam Biglari Abhari, John W Fisher, Azita Kheiltash, Marzieh Nojomi
Background: Spiritual well-being is an important issue in health sciences, hence the need for validated instruments to assess this aspect of health in the Iranian population. The aim of the current study was to determine the validity of the Persian versions of 2 most common measures of spiritual health (Spiritual Well-Being Questionnaire [SWBQ] or Spiritual Health and Life-Orientation Measure [SHALOM] and Spiritual Well-Being Scale [SWBS]). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study via a convenience sampling method in Iran University of Medical Sciences with 170 participants aged above 18 years comprising students, teachers, and administrative staff and managers...
May 2018: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Emily Nalder, Laura Hartman, Anne Hunt, Gillian King
There is a growing trend in traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation, and research, to focus on the processes of adaptation following the injury. Resiliency is an umbrella term describing the range of personal protective factors, environmental supports and resources, as well as self-regulatory processes, engaged in response to adversity. An affective, cognitive, and behavioural self-regulatory process model of resiliency in the workplace was adapted to suit the TBI context. Through a narrative review of the literature pertaining to brain injury rehabilitation, participation, and resilience, we substantiated the model, and explained how resiliency can frame research on life experiences following the injury...
June 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Kamisha Hamilton Escoto, Kathrin Milbury, Nga Nguyen, Dalnim Cho, Crystal Roberson, David Wetter, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined the use of complementary health practices (e.g., mind/body practices and dietary supplements) among African Americans, particularly those who identify as being spiritual and/or religious. Furthermore, research on the health and health behavior profiles of such complementary health users is scant. The purpose of this study was to explore the use of complementary health practices and their lifestyle and health indicator correlates in a large, church-based African American population...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Amir Hossein Goudarzian, Christopher Boyle, Sima Beik, Azar Jafari, Masoumeh Bagheri Nesami, Mozhgan Taebi, Fatemeh Zamani
Religious and spiritual practices are related to physical and mental health. Social support is an important source to aid coping, but this is not without its difficulties. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between religious coping and self-care in a sample of Iranian cancer patients. In this cross-sectional study (October-December, 2015), 380 cancer patients were entered into the study using non random sampling (accessible sampling). Data were collected using socio-demographic, religious coping (R-COPE), and self-care questionnaires...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Piret Paal, Kathleen Neenan, Yvonne Muldowney, Vivienne Brady, Fiona Timmins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
C Del Rincon-Fernandez
In palliative care it is necessary to evaluate and respond to the psychological and spiritual needs of the participants in order to achieve the maximum possible well-being for both the patient and his/her family. Coping with one's own death, the loss of a loved one or the loss of some significant aspect in a person's life is one of the most difficult challenges that human beings have to face. Death, as the maximum expression of loss, is experienced as a threat, as one of the most difficult events to cope with and with the greatest psychological impact...
June 5, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
Aaron B Franzen
This study examines physicians' beliefs, their perceptions of whether religion impacts health outcomes, and their propensity to discuss religion/spirituality with patients. It is not uncommon for patients to want religious/spiritual conversations, but the occurrence is infrequent. This study adds to knowledge regarding which physicians include these topics. Using a nationally representative sample of physicians and a mediated bi-factor structural equation model, the author finds that "religious and spiritual" physicians connect religion and patient health more than other religious/spiritual orientations...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Sarah E Koss, Ross Weissman, Vinca Chow, Patrick T Smith, Bethany Slack, Vitaliy Voytenko, Tracy A Balboni, Michael J Balboni
Community-based clergy are highly engaged in helping seriously ill patients address spiritual concerns at the end of life (EOL). While they desire EOL training, no data exist in guiding how to conceptualize a clergy-training program. The objective of this study was used to identify best practices in an EOL training program for community clergy. As part of the National Clergy Project on End-of-Life Care, the project conducted key informant interviews and focus groups with active clergy in five US states (California, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York, and Texas)...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Daniela Paes de Almeida Ferreira Braga, Rose Marie Massaro Melamed, Amanda Souza Setti, Bianca Ferrarini Zanetti, Rita de Cássia Sávio Figueira, Assumpto Iaconelli, Edson Borges
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of the patient's faith, religion, and spirituality on the outcomes of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) cycles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight hundred and seventy-seven patients received a questionnaire containing information on faith, religiosity, and spirituality and the results of the questionnaires were correlated with ICSI outcomes. Patients stated to be Catholic (n = 476), spiritists (n = 93), Evangelical (n = 118), and other religion (n = 32), and 78 did not identify with any religious group...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
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