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football hamstring injury

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756392/a-comprehensive-strength-testing-protocol-offers-no-clinical-value-in-predicting-risk-of-hamstring-injury-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-413-professional-football-players
#1
Nicol van Dyk, Roald Bahr, Angus F Burnett, Rod Whiteley, Arnhild Bakken, Andrea Mosler, Abdulaziz Farooq, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries remain prevalent across a number of professional sports. In football, the incidence has even increased by 4% per year at the Champions League level over the last decade. The role of muscle strength or strength ratios and their association with risk of hamstring injury remain restricted by small sample sizes and inconclusive results. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors for hamstring injury in professional football players in an adequately powered, prospective cohort study...
July 29, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544170/hamstring-injury-prevention-in-soccer-before-or-after-training
#2
R Lovell, M Knox, M Weston, J C Siegler, S Brennan, P W M Marshall
We examined the effects of a 12-week program of Nordic hamstring exercises (NHE), administered before or after football training, upon eccentric hamstring strength, muscle activity, and architectural adaptations. Amateur soccer players were randomized into three groups. The control group (CON; n=11) undertook core stability exercises, whereas a periodized NHE program was delivered either before (NHEBEF ; n=10) or after (NHEAFT ; n=14) biweekly training sessions. Outcome measures included peak torque and concomitant normalized peak surface electromyography signals (sEMG) of the biceps femoris (BF) and medial hamstring (MH) muscles during knee flexor maximal eccentric contractions, performed at 30°·s(-1) ...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360143/return-to-play-after-hamstring-injuries-in-football-soccer-a-worldwide-delphi-procedure-regarding-definition-medical-criteria-and-decision-making
#3
Nick van der Horst, Fjg Backx, Edwin A Goedhart, Bionka Ma Huisstede
There are three major questions about return to play (RTP) after hamstring injuries: How should RTP be defined? Which medical criteria should support the RTP decision? And who should make the RTP decision? The study aimed to provide a clear RTP definition and medical criteria for RTP and to clarify RTP consultation and responsibilities after hamstring injury. The study used the Delphi procedure. The results of a systematic review were used as a starting point for the Delphi procedure. Fifty-eight experts in the field of hamstring injury management selected by 28 FIFA Medical Centres of Excellence worldwide participated...
March 30, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278378/subsequent-injuries-are-more-common-than-injury-recurrences-an-analysis-of-1-season-of-prospectively-collected-injuries-in-professional-australian-football
#4
Caroline F Finch, Jill Cook, Breanne E Kunstler, Muhammad Akram, John Orchard
BACKGROUND: It is known that some people can, and do, sustain >1 injury over a playing season. However, there is currently little high-quality epidemiological evidence about the risk of, and relationships between, multiple and subsequent injuries. PURPOSE: To describe the subsequent injuries sustained by Australian Football League (AFL) players over 1 season, including their most common injury diagnoses. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277402/a-multifactorial-criteria-based-progressive-algorithm-for-hamstring-injury-treatment
#5
Jurdan Mendiguchia, Enrique Martinez-Ruiz, Pascal Edouard, Jean-Benoît Morin, Francisco Martinez-Martinez, Fernando Idoate, Alberto Mendez-Villanueva
INTRODUCTION: Given the prevalence of hamstring injuries in football, a rehabilitation program that effectively promotes muscle tissue repair and functional recovery is paramount to minimize reinjury risk and optimize player performance and availability. PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the concurrent effectiveness of administering an individualized and multifactorial criteria-based algorithm (rehabilitation algorithm [RA]) on hamstring injury rehabilitation in comparison with using a general rehabilitation protocol (RP)...
July 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259848/calf-muscle-strain-injuries-in-sport-a-systematic-review-of-risk-factors-for-injury
#6
REVIEW
Brady Green, Tania Pizzari
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature to identify risk factors for calf strain injury, and to direct future research into calf muscle injuries. DESIGN: Systematic review DATA SOURCES: Database searches conducted for Medline, CINAHL, EMBASE, AMED, AUSPORT, SportDiscus, PEDro and Cochrane Library. Manual reference checks, ahead of press searches, citation tracking. From inception to June 2016. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA FOR SELECTING STUDIES: Studies evaluating and presenting data related to intrinsic or extrinsic risk factors for sustaining future calf injury...
March 4, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246078/return-to-play-criteria-after-hamstring-muscle-injury-in-professional-football-a-delphi-consensus-study
#7
Mattia Zambaldi, Ian Beasley, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Hamstring muscle injury (HMI) is the most common injury in professional football and has a high re-injury rate. Despite this, there are no validated criteria to support return to play (RTP) decisions. AIM: To use the Delphi method to reach expert consensus on RTP criteria after HMI in professional football. METHODS: All professional football clubs in England (n=92) were invited to participate in a 3-round Delphi study. Round 1 requested a list of criteria used for RTP decisions after HMI...
August 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207979/a-comparison-of-injuries-in-elite-male-and-female-football-players-a-five-season-prospective-study
#8
J Larruskain, J A Lekue, N Diaz, A Odriozola, S M Gil
The aim was to compare the epidemiology of injuries between elite male and female football players from the same club. Injuries and individual exposure time in a male team and a female team, both playing in the Spanish first division, were prospectively recorded by the club's medical staff for five seasons (2010-2015) following the FIFA consensus statement. Total, training, and match exposure hours per player-season were 20% higher for men compared to women (P<.01). Total, training, and match injury incidence were 30%-40% higher in men (P≤...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203595/acute-gastrocnemius-soleus-complex-injuries-in-national-football-league-athletes
#9
Brian C Werner, Nicole S Belkin, Steve Kennelly, Leigh Weiss, Ronnie P Barnes, Hollis G Potter, Russell F Warren, Scott A Rodeo
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity muscle injuries are common in professional football. Although less common than hamstring or quadriceps injuries in National Football League (NFL) athletes, calf injuries occur with relative frequency and have not previously been studied. PURPOSE: To evaluate gastrocnemius-soleus complex muscle injuries over the past 13 years from a single NFL team to determine the incidence of such injuries, their imaging characteristics, and return to play after such injuries and any correlation between imaging findings and prolonged return to play...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161749/cohen-s-mri-scoring-system-has-limited-value-in-predicting-return-to-play
#10
Bruce Hamilton, Arnlaug Wangensteen, Rod Whiteley, Emad Almusa, Liesel Geertsema, Stephen Targett, Johannes L Tol
PURPOSE: Numerous authors have hypothesised that MRI scoring systems provide a valid means of predicting return to play duration following an acute hamstring muscle strain. The purpose is to prospectively investigate the predictive value of the MRI scoring system of Cohen for return to sport (RTS), following an acute hamstring injury. METHODS: Male football (soccer) players (n = 139) with acute onset posterior thigh pain underwent standardised clinical and MRI examinations within 5 days after injury...
February 4, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107551/knee-function-among-elite-handball-and-football-players-1-6%C3%A2-years-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#11
G Myklebust, R Bahr, A Nilstad, K Steffen
The aim of the study was to describe objective and self-reported knee function for athletes who have returned to elite handball and football play after an ACL injury, comparing these to non-injured players at the same level. A total of 414 handball and 444 football players completed baseline tests from 2007 through 2014, examining lower extremity strength, dynamic balance, knee laxity, and knee function (KOOS questionnaire). Measures were compared between injured and non-injured legs and between injured legs and legs of controls...
May 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884865/running-exposure-is-associated-with-the-risk-of-hamstring-strain-injury-in-elite-australian-footballers
#12
Joshua D Ruddy, Christopher W Pollard, Ryan G Timmins, Morgan D Williams, Anthony J Shield, David A Opar
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between running exposure and the risk of hamstring strain injury (HSI) in elite Australian footballers. METHODS: Elite Australian footballers (n=220) from 5 different teams participated. Global positioning system (GPS) data were provided for every athlete for each training session and match for the entire 2015 season. The occurrences of HSIs throughout the study period were reported. Receiver operator characteristic curve analyses were performed and the relative risk (RR) of subsequent HSI was calculated for absolute and relative running exposure variables related to distance covered above 10 and 24 km/hour in the preceding week/s...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870698/risk-factors-for-injury-among-japanese-collegiate-players-of-american-football-based-on-performance-test-results
#13
Junta Iguchi, Yuya Watanabe, Misaka Kimura, Yoshihiko Fujisawa, Tatsuya Hojo, Yasuhiro Yuasa, Shinsuke Higashi, Kenji Kuzuhara
Iguchi, J, Watanabe, Y, Kimura, M, Fujisawa, Y, Hojo, T, Yuasa, Y, Higashi, S, and Kuzuhara, K. Risk factors for injury among Japanese collegiate players of American football based on performance test results. J Strength Cond Res 30(12): 3405-3411, 2016-The purpose of this study was to identify how risk factors for injury during American football are related to players' physical strength as determined using typical performance tests. One hundred 53 Japanese collegiate players of American football were recruited for this study...
December 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797729/hamstring-injuries-in-elite-gaelic-football-an-8-year-investigation-to-identify-injury-rates-time-loss-patterns-and-players-at-increased-risk
#14
Mark Roe, John C Murphy, Conor Gissane, Catherine Blake
BACKGROUND: Hamstring injuries occur frequently in field sports, yet longitudinal information to guide prevention programmes is missing. AIM: Investigate longitudinal hamstring injury rates and associated time loss in elite Gaelic football, while identifying subgroups of players at increased risk. METHODS: 38 data sets from 15 elite male Gaelic football teams were received by the National Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) Injury Surveillance Database between 2008 and 2015...
October 20, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776547/validation-of-the-fash-functional-assessment-scale-for-acute-hamstring-injuries-questionnaire-for-german-speaking-football-players
#15
Heinz Lohrer, Tanja Nauck, Vasileios Korakakis, Nikos Malliaropoulos
BACKGROUND: The FASH (Functional Assessment Scale for Acute Hamstring Injuries) questionnaire has been recently developed as a disease-specific self-administered questionnaire for use in Greek, English, and German languages. Its psychometric qualities (validity and reliability) were tested only in Greek-speaking patients mainly representing track and field athletes. As hamstring injuries represent the most common football injury, we tested the validity and reliability of the FASH-G (G = German version) questionnaire in German-speaking footballers suffering from acute hamstring injuries...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747841/the-efficacy-of-exercise-in-preventing-injury-in-adult-male-football-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#16
Tom Porter, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention measures might reduce the impact of injury on footballers and football clubs. Increasing research has evaluated the use of exercise for injury prevention. However, research has focused on adolescent females. No high-quality systematic reviews have evaluated the efficacy of all forms of exercise on preventing injury in adult male football. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise in preventing injury in adult male football...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737287/thigh-injuries-in-american-football
#17
REVIEW
Joseph D Lamplot, Matthew J Matava
Quadriceps and hamstring injuries occur frequently in football and are generally treated conservatively. While return to competition following hamstring strains is relatively quick, a high rate of injury recurrence highlights the importance of targeted rehabilitation and conditioning. This review describes the clinical manifestations of thigh-related soft-tissue injuries seen in football players. Two of these-muscle strains and contusions-are relatively common, while a third condition-the Morel-Lavallée lesion-is a rare, yet relevant injury...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27526636/gluteus-medius-activation-during-running-is-a-risk-factor-for-season-hamstring-injuries-in-elite-footballers
#18
Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Jason Bonacci, M Dilani Mendis, Craig Christie, Andrew Rotstein, Julie A Hides
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if size and activation of the gluteal muscles is a risk factor for hamstring injuries in elite AFL players. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Twenty-six elite male footballers from a professional Australian Football League (AFL) club participated in the study. At the beginning of the season bilateral gluteus medius (GMED) and gluteus maximus (GMAX) muscle volume was measured from magnetic resonance images and electromyographic recordings of the same muscles were obtained during running...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27430426/epidemiology-of-injury-in-male-collegiate-gaelic-footballers-in-one-season
#19
S O'Connor, N McCaffrey, E F Whyte, K A Moran
Despite the popularity of collegiate Gaelic football in Ireland and the recent expansion into the United Kingdom and United States, no previous study has examined injury incidence. A prospective epidemiological study was implemented to establish injury incidence in 217 (19.3 ± 1.9 years) male collegiate Gaelic footballers from two collegiate institutions in one season. An injury was defined as any injury sustained during training or competition resulting in time lost from play or athlete reported restricted performance...
July 19, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419106/the-correlation-between-the-imaging-characteristics-of-hamstring-injury-and-time-required-before-returning-to-sports-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Kjell Svensson, Marie Alricsson, Mattias Eckerman, Theofilos Magounakis, Suzanne Werner
Injuries to the hamstring muscles are common in athletes. Track and field, Australian football, American football and soccer are examples of sports where hamstring injuries are the most common. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between a hamstring injury prognosis and its characteristics of imaging parameters. The literature search was performed in the databases PubMed and CINAHL, and eleven articles were included. Seven out of the 11 articles showed a correlation between the size of the hamstring injury and length of time required before returning to sports...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
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