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football hamstring injury

Tom Porter, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention measures might reduce the impact of injury on footballers and football clubs. Increasing research has evaluated the use of exercise for injury prevention. However, research has focused on adolescent females. No high-quality systematic reviews have evaluated the efficacy of all forms of exercise on preventing injury in adult male football. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise in preventing injury in adult male football...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
Joseph D Lamplot, Matthew J Matava
Quadriceps and hamstring injuries occur frequently in football and are generally treated conservatively. While return to competition following hamstring strains is relatively quick, a high rate of injury recurrence highlights the importance of targeted rehabilitation and conditioning. This review describes the clinical manifestations of thigh-related soft-tissue injuries seen in football players. Two of these-muscle strains and contusions-are relatively common, while a third condition-the Morel-Lavallée lesion-is a rare, yet relevant injury...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Jason Bonacci, M Dilani Mendis, Craig Christie, Andrew Rotstein, Julie A Hides
OBJECTIVES: To investigate if size and activation of the gluteal muscles is a risk factor for hamstring injuries in elite AFL players. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Twenty-six elite male footballers from a professional Australian Football League (AFL) club participated in the study. At the beginning of the season bilateral gluteus medius (GMED) and gluteus maximus (GMAX) muscle volume was measured from magnetic resonance images and electromyographic recordings of the same muscles were obtained during running...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
S O'Connor, N McCaffrey, E F Whyte, K A Moran
Despite the popularity of collegiate Gaelic football in Ireland and the recent expansion into the United Kingdom and United States, no previous study has examined injury incidence. A prospective epidemiological study was implemented to establish injury incidence in 217 (19.3 ± 1.9 years) male collegiate Gaelic footballers from two collegiate institutions in one season. An injury was defined as any injury sustained during training or competition resulting in time lost from play or athlete reported restricted performance...
July 19, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Kjell Svensson, Marie Alricsson, Mattias Eckerman, Theofilos Magounakis, Suzanne Werner
Injuries to the hamstring muscles are common in athletes. Track and field, Australian football, American football and soccer are examples of sports where hamstring injuries are the most common. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there is a correlation between a hamstring injury prognosis and its characteristics of imaging parameters. The literature search was performed in the databases PubMed and CINAHL, and eleven articles were included. Seven out of the 11 articles showed a correlation between the size of the hamstring injury and length of time required before returning to sports...
June 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
Giacomo Zanon, Franco Combi, Alberto Combi, Loris Perticarini, Luigi Sammarchi, Francesco Benazzo
PURPOSE: muscle injuries have a high incidence in professional football and are responsible for the largest number of days lost from competition. Several in vitro studies have confirmed the positive role of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in accelerating recovery and in promoting muscle regeneration, and not fibrosis, in the healing process. This study examines the results of intralesional administration of PRP in the treatment of primary hamstring injuries sustained by players belonging to a major league football club...
January 2016: Joints
Kjell Svensson, Mattias Eckerman, Marie Alricsson, Theofilos Magounakis, Suzanne Werner
PURPOSE: The aim was to study possible differences of muscle injuries regarding type, localization and the extent of injury between the dominant and non-dominant leg in elite male football players. Another aim was to study the injury incidence of muscle injuries of the lower extremity during match and training. METHODS: Data were consecutively collected between 2007 and 2013 in a prospective cohort study based on 54 football players from one team of the Swedish first league...
June 23, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Kathrin Steffen, Agnethe Nilstad, Eirik Klami Kristianslund, Grethe Myklebust, Roald Bahr, Tron Krosshaug
PURPOSE: To prospectively investigate the association between isolated and functional lower extremity muscle strength, and the risk for non-contact ACL injury in Norwegian female elite handball and football players. METHODS: From 2007 through 2015, premier league players participated in strength testing and were prospectively followed for ACL injury risk. At baseline, we recorded player demographics, playing and ACL injury history, and measured peak concentric isokinetic quadriceps and hamstrings torques (60°/s), HQ-ratio, isometric hip abduction strength and 1RM in a seated leg press...
June 20, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ric Lovell, Jason C Siegler, Michael Knox, Scott Brennan, Paul W M Marshall
The optimal scheduling of Nordic Hamstring exercises (NHEs) relative to football training sessions is unknown. We examined the acute neuromuscular and performance responses to NHE undertaken either before (BT) or after (AT) simulated football training. Twelve amateur players performed six sets of five repetitions of the NHE either before or after 60 min of standardised football-specific exercise (SAFT(60)). Surface electromyography signals (EMG) of the hamstring muscles were recorded during both the NHE, and maximum eccentric actions of the knee flexors (0...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Vincent Gouttebarge, Brendan A Hughes Schwab, Adam Vivian, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological data on the occurrence of time-loss injuries over several A-League seasons remains lacking, while the effect of the mandatory implementation of 'Minimum Medical Standards' as a part of the collective bargaining agreement (CBA) needs to be explored. OBJECTIVES: To explore the 5 year evolution of hamstring, groin, knee, ankle and total time-loss injuries among professional footballers in the A-League; to evaluate the consequences of these time-loss injuries in terms of total matches missed and costs incurred; and to explore whether the mandatory implementation of 'Minimum Medical Standards' in the A-League had led to a decrease in the occurrence of total time-loss injuries and total matches missed...
March 2016: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
David W Lawrence, Paul Comper, Michael G Hutchison
BACKGROUND: The risk of injury associated with American football is significant, with recent reports indicating that football has one of the highest rates of all-cause injury, including concussion, of all major sports. There are limited studies examining risk factors for injuries in the National Football League (NFL). PURPOSE: To identify risk factors for NFL concussions and musculoskeletal injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Case-control study; Level of evidence, 3...
March 2016: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Jan Ekstrand, Justin C Lee, Jeremiah C Healy
AIM: The present study evaluated whether the MRI parameters of hamstring injuries in male professional football players correlate with time to return to play (RTP). METHODS: 46 elite European football teams were followed prospectively for hamstring injuries between 2007 and 2014. Club medical staff recorded individual player exposure and time-loss after hamstring injury. MRI parameters were evaluated by two independent radiologists and correlated with the RTP data...
June 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
SoonKwon Hong, JeMyung Shim, SungJoong Kim, Seung Namkoong, HyoLyun Roh
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in isokinetic muscle function in football athletes with a knee injury with and without kinesio taping. [Subjects] The subjects for this study were 10 football athletes (males) with a knee injury. [Methods] Measurements were performed by using Cybex dynamometer under uniform motion before and after the application of kinesio tape to the quadriceps and hamstring muscle. Maximal concentric knee extension and flexion at three angular velocities (60°/s, 120°/s, and 180°/s) were measured...
January 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Rasmus S Husted, Jesper Bencke, Lars L Andersen, Grethe Myklebust, Thomas Kallemose, Hanne B Lauridsen, Per Hölmich, Per Aagaard, Mette K Zebis
BACKGROUND: Reduced ability to activate the medial hamstring muscles during a sports-specific sidecutting movement has been found to be a potential risk factor for non-contact ACL injury. However, whether a reduced ability to activate the medial hamstring muscle is a general neuromuscular phenomenon and thereby observable independently of the type of clinical screening tests used is not known. This cross sectional study investigated the rank correlation of knee joint neuromuscular activity between three different ACL injury risk screening tests...
June 2016: Knee
Yasushi Takata, Junsuke Nakase, Anri Inaki, Takafumi Mochizuki, Hitoaki Numata, Takeshi Oshima, Seigo Kinuya, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
Changes in muscle activity were evaluated by positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) after performing part 2 of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association's 11+ programme (11+) for 4 weeks. Eleven males performed part 2 of the 11+ for 20 min before and after 37 MBq of (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) was injected intravenously. PET-CT images were obtained 50 min after FDG injection. The participants were then instructed to perform part 2 of the 11+ 3 times per week for 4 consecutive weeks, after which another set of PET-CT images was obtained following the same procedure...
October 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
Phil Jacobsen, Erik Witvrouw, Patrice Muxart, Johannes L Tol, Rod Whiteley
BACKGROUND: Previous studies investigating prediction of return to play after acute hamstring injury were limited by examining a single postinjury clinical and MRI evaluation. We evaluated the added value of including follow-up clinical evaluation when predicting return to play. METHODS: A range of clinical and MRI parameters were prospectively investigated for an association with the time to return to play in 90 athletes with MRI positive hamstring injuries undergoing a criteria-based rehabilitation programme...
April 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Jan Ekstrand, Markus Waldén, Martin Hägglund
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on hamstring injury rates over time in football. AIM: To analyse time trends in hamstring injury rates in male professional footballers over 13 consecutive seasons and to distinguish the relative contribution of training and match injuries. METHODS: 36 clubs from 12 European countries were followed between 2001 and 2014. Team medical staff recorded individual player exposure and time-loss injuries. Injuries per 1000 h were compared as a rate ratio (RR) with 95% CI...
June 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Xavier Valle, Johannes L Tol, Bruce Hamilton, Gil Rodas, Peter Malliaras, Nikos Malliaropoulos, Vicenc Rizo, Marcel Moreno, Jaume Jardi
CONTEXT: Hamstring acute muscle injuries are prevalent in several sports including AFL football (Australian Football League), sprinting and soccer, and are often associated with prolonged time away from sport. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In response to this, research into prevention and management of hamstring injury has increased, but epidemiological data shows no decline in injury and re-injury rates, suggesting that rehabilitation programs and return to play (RTP) criteria have to be improved...
December 2015: Asian Journal of Sports Medicine
David W Lawrence, Michael G Hutchison, Paul Comper
BACKGROUND: The risk of all-cause injury and concussion associated with football is significant. The National Football League (NFL) has implemented changes to increase player safety warranting investigation into the incidence and patterns of injury. PURPOSE: To document the incidence and patterns of all-cause injury and concussions in the NFL. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiology study. METHODS: Injury data were collected prospectively from official NFL injury reports over 2 regular seasons from 2012 to 2014, with identification of injury incidence rates and patterns...
May 2015: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
Ryan G Timmins, Matthew N Bourne, Anthony J Shield, Morgan D Williams, Christian Lorenzen, David A Opar
BACKGROUND/AIM: To investigate the role of eccentric knee flexor strength, between-limb imbalance and biceps femoris long head (BFlh) fascicle length on the risk of future hamstring strain injury (HSI). METHODS: Elite soccer players (n=152) from eight different teams participated. Eccentric knee flexor strength during the Nordic hamstring exercise and BFlh fascicle length were assessed at the beginning of preseason. The occurrences of HSIs following this were recorded by the team medical staff...
December 16, 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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