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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165401/systematic-overview-of-bacopa-monnieri-l-wettst-dominant-poly-herbal-formulas-in-children-and-adolescents
#1
REVIEW
James D Kean, Luke A Downey, Con Stough
Background: The Ayurvedic medicinal system employs a holistic approach to health, utilising the synergistic properties of organic resources. Research into the Ayurvedic herb Bacopa monnieri (L.) Wettst. (B.monnieri) has reported improvements in cognitive outcomes in child and adult populations. The aim of current review is to systematically assess and critically summarize clinical trials investigating B.monnieri-dominant poly-herbal formulas and their effects on the cognition, memory, learning, and behaviour in children and adolescents...
November 22, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164765/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-child-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
C E Sanchez, C Barry, A Sabhlok, K Russell, A Majors, S H Kollins, B F Fuemmeler
This review examined evidence of the association between maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity status and child neurodevelopmental outcomes. PubMed and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched for empirical studies published before April 2017 using keywords related to prenatal obesity and children's neurodevelopment. Of 1483 identified papers, 41 were included in the systematic review, and 32 articles representing 36 cohorts were included in the meta-analysis. Findings indicated that compared with children of normal weight mothers, children whose mothers were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy were at increased risk for compromised neurodevelopmental outcomes (overweight: OR = 1...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164715/sleep-and-its-relation-to-cognition-and-behaviour-in-preschool-aged-children-of-the-general-population-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Eve Reynaud, Marie-Françoise Vecchierini, Barbara Heude, Marie-Aline Charles, Sabine Plancoulaine
This is the first systematic review of the literature on sleep and its relation to cognition and behaviour in preschool-aged children. In comparison with the literature focused on school-aged children, knowledge involving preschoolers is rather sparse. A total of 26 studies was included in this review, which revealed a high degree of heterogeneity regarding the type and means of measuring sleep variables and behavioural and cognitive variables, as well as the statistical methods employed. Amongst the 13 articles with the largest sample sizes (top 50% of the included studies, 12 different populations), 12 found that a higher quantity or quality of sleep was associated with better behavioural and/or cognitive outcomes...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Sleep Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160828/parent-cardiac-response-in-the-context-of-their-child-s-completion-of-the-cold-pressor-task-a-pilot-study
#4
Kaytlin Constantin, Rachel L Moline, C Meghan McMurtry, Heidi N Bailey
Parents' ability to regulate their emotions is essential to providing supportive caregiving behaviours when their child is in pain. Extant research focuses on parent self-reported experience or observable behavioural responses. Physiological responding, such as heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV), is critical to the experience and regulation of emotions and provides a complementary perspective on parent experience; yet, it is scarcely assessed. This pilot study examined parent (n = 25) cardiac response (HR, HRV) at rest (neutral film clip), immediately before the cold pressor task (pre-CPT), and following the CPT (post-CPT)...
November 21, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160190/far-below-replacement-fertility-in-urban-china
#5
Zhongwei Zhao, Qinzi Xu, Xin Yuan
China's urban population has experienced rapid fertility decline over the past six decades. This drastic change will have a significant impact on China's demographic, social and economic future. However, the patterns and characteristics of urban China's fertility decline have not been systematically examined. This study analyses the trends and age patterns of fertility in urban China since the 1950s, and summarizes the major characteristics of reproductive behaviours into four 'lows': extremely 'low' level of fertility; 'low' proportion of two and higher parity births; 'low' mean age at birth; and 'low' level of childlessness...
November 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160184/awareness-use-and-information-sources-of-folic-acid-supplementation-to-prevent-neural-tube-defects-in-pregnant-japanese-women
#6
Shumi Yamamoto, Yoshinao Wada
OBJECTIVE: Folic acid supplementation and folate-rich diets are recommended for women of childbearing age worldwide to prevent congenital anomalies. We aimed to determine the current status of folic acid supplementation among pregnant Japanese women and identify means to increase the intake of these supplements. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: A total of 1862 pregnant women who consulted the perinatal centre from September 2014 to December 2015 completed a questionnaire concerning knowledge about folic acid, sources of information and the use of folic acid supplements...
November 21, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159486/program-components-of-psychosocial-interventions-in-foster-and-kinship-care-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Jacqueline Kemmis-Riggs, Adam Dickes, John McAloon
Foster children frequently experience early trauma that significantly impacts their neurobiological, psychological and social development. This systematic review examines the comparative effectiveness of foster and kinship care interventions. It examines the components within each intervention, exploring their potential to benefit child and carer well-being, particularly focussing on child behaviour problems, and relational functioning. Systematic searches of electronic databases included PsycINFO, MEDLINE, Web of Science Core Collection, the Cochrane Collaborations Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Scopus to identify randomised or quasi-randomised trials of psychosocial foster/kinship care interventions, published between 1990 and 2016...
November 20, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159182/a-psychological-perspective-on-preterm-children-the-influence-of-contextual-factors-on-quality-of-family-interactions
#8
Michela Gatta, Marina Miscioscia, Lorenza Svanellini, Chiara Peraro, Alessandra Simonelli
Preterm birth has a critical influence on interactive, communicative, and expressive child behaviour, particularly during the first years of life. Few studies have stressed the assessment of mother-father-child interaction in families with preterm children, generating contradictory results. The present study wished to develop these fields: (i) comparing the quality of family interactions between families with preterm children and families with children born at full term; (ii) observing the development of family interactions after six months in the families with children born preterm; (iii) assessing family and contextual factors, as parental stress and social support, in parents of preterm children in order to observe their influence on the quality of family interactions...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157488/l%C3%A2-hypophyse-et-ses-traitements-comment-peuvent-ils-influer-sur-le-comportement-the-pituitary-and-its-treatments-how-can-they-influence-behaviour
#9
C Mouly, F Borson-Chazot, P Caron
Behaviour may be influenced by pituitary hormones or treatments. Dopamine agonist (DA) indicated in prolactinomas treatment can cause side effects, and especially impulse control disorders. In the context of prolactinomas treatment, impulse control disorders (ICD) have been reported like gambling, compulsive shopping, but mostly hypersexuality. These ICD can occur with low AD doses, and seem to be independent of type of molecule and psychiatric medical history. The main pathophysiologic hypothesis is a dysregulation of dopaminergic pathway involved in reward system...
October 2017: Annales D'endocrinologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155019/the-risk-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-cirrhotic-patients-with-hepatitis-c-and-sustained-viral-response-role-of-the-treatment-regimen
#11
Hamish Innes, Stephen T Barclay, Peter C Hayes, Andrew Fraser, John F Dillon, Adrian Stanley, Andy Bathgate, Scott A McDonald, David Goldberg, Heather Valerio, Ray Fox, Nick Kennedy, Pete Bramley, Sharon J Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported a high frequency of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence in patients with advanced liver disease, after receipt of interferon(IFN)-free therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Our objective was to verify and account for this phenomenon using data from the Scottish HCV Clinical Database. METHODS: We identified HCC-naïve individuals with liver cirrhosis receiving a course of antiviral therapy in Scotland from 1997-2016 resulting in a SVR...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154492/exploring-factors-that-impact-activity-participation-of-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-developmental-disabilities
#12
A Taheri, A Perry, P Minnes
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of social participation, children and adolescents with developmental disabilities (DD) are often excluded from taking part in social activities. There is a gap in the literature about the factors that contribute to adequate participation of children with severe DD in particular and the barriers to their participation. Taking an ecological perspective, the purpose of this study was to examine child, family and community variables that may impact the activity participation of children and adolescents with severe DD...
December 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153961/welcoming-expertise-bereaved-parents-perceptions-of-the-parent-healthcare-provider-relationship-when-a-critically-ill-child-is-admitted-to-the-paediatric-intensive-care-unit
#13
Ashleigh E Butler, Beverley Copnell, Helen Hall
BACKGROUND: Entering the paediatric intensive care unit with a critically ill child is a stressful experience for parents. In addition to fearing for their child's well-being, parents must navigate both a challenging environment and numerous new relationships with healthcare staff. How parents form relationships with staff and how they perceive both their own and the healthcare providers' roles in this early stage of their paediatric intensive care journey is currently unknown. PURPOSE: This paper explores bereaved parents' perceptions of their role and their relationships with healthcare providers when their child is admitted to the intensive care unit, as part of a larger study exploring their experiences when their child dies in intensive care...
November 15, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153658/neurological-function-in-children-born-to-preeclamptic-and-hypertensive-mothers-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Ernesto A Figueiró-Filho, Lauren E Mak, James N Reynolds, Patrick W Stroman, Graeme N Smith, Nils D Forkert, Angelina Paolozza, Matthew T Rätsep, B Anne Croy
BACKGROUND: Offspring whose mothers developed preeclampsia (PE-F1s) show developmental effects that are now being identified, such as cognitive, behavioural, and mood differences compared to offspring from non-complicated pregnancies. We hypothesize that the progressive angiokine dysregulation associated with development of preeclampsia (PE) reflects gene dysregulation in pre-implantation conceptuses, and manifests in all developing fetal tissues rather than exclusively to the placenta...
October 2017: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153459/-intrafamilial-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-present-data-and-treatment-prospects
#15
E Bousquet, N Franc, C Ha, D Purper-Ouakil
Child-to-parent violence is a form of family violence that is still a well-kept secret. Abused parents can be victims of different types of abuse. Children can use both physical and psychological violence such as financial threats to take control of the home. In this situation, parents often no longer dare to contradict their children by fear of triggering uncontrollable violence. Although the phenomenon recently drew the attention of the media, there is still little knowledge about its prevalence and clinical characteristics...
November 16, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153009/mothers-perspectives-on-the-lived-experience-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-and-challenging-behaviour
#16
Joann Kiernan, Duncan Mitchell, Jois Stansfield, Carol Taylor
Children with intellectual disability and behavioural needs (challenging behaviour) are vulnerable to exclusion from services and communities. The situation is exacerbated by difficulties in accessing appropriate support and services to effectively meet the needs of children and carers. Family perspectives on the 'lived experience' of children can provide insight into how behavioural needs can affect their ability to access everyday experiences. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with mothers of children with intellectual disabilities and challenging behaviours...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151846/examining-ethnic-disparities-in-provider-and-parent-in-session-participation-engagement
#17
Kelsey S Dickson, Sasha M Zeedyk, Jonathan Martinez, Rachel Haine-Schlagel
Purpose: Well-documented ethnic disparities exist in the identification and provision of quality services among children receiving community-based mental health services. These disparities extend to parent treatment engagement, an important component of effective mental health services. Currently, little is known about differences in how providers support parents' participation in treatment and the degree to which parents actively participate in it. The purpose of this paper is to examine potential differences in both provider and parent in-session participation behaviours...
2017: Journal of Children's Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151660/neighbourhood-ethnic-density-effects-on-behavioural-and-cognitive-problems-among-young-racial-ethnic-minority-children-in-the-us-and-england-a-cross-national-comparison
#18
Nan Zhang, Jennifer L Beauregard, Michael R Kramer, Laia Bécares
Studies on adult racial/ethnic minority populations show that the increased concentration of racial/ethnic minorities in a neighbourhood-a so-called ethnic density effect-is associated with improved health of racial/ethnic minority residents when adjusting for area deprivation. However, this literature has focused mainly on adult populations, individual racial/ethnic groups, and single countries, with no studies focusing on children of different racial/ethnic groups or comparing across nations. This study aims to compare neighbourhood ethnic density effects on young children's cognitive and behavioural outcomes in the US and in England...
2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151370/systematic-review-of-infant-and-young-child-complementary-feeding-practices-in-south-asian-families-the-pakistan-perspective
#19
Logan Manikam, Anika Sharmila, Abina Dharmaratnam, Emma C Alexander, Jia Ying Kuah, Ankita Prasad, Sonia Ahmed, Raghu Lingam, Monica Lakhanpaul
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal nutrition among children remains a problem among South Asian (SA) families. Appropriate complementary feeding (CF) practices can greatly reduce this risk. Thus, we undertook a systematic review of studies assessing CF (timing, dietary diversity, meal frequency and influencing factors) in children aged <2 years in Pakistan. DESIGN: Searches between January 2000 and June 2016 in MEDLINE, EMBASE, Global Health, Web of Science, OVID Maternity & Infant Care, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, BanglaJOL, POPLINE and WHO Global Health Library...
November 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150840/longitudinal-pathways-between-mental-health-difficulties-and-academic-performance-during-middle-childhood-and-early-adolescence
#20
Jessica Deighton, Neil Humphrey, Jay Belsky, Jan Boehnke, Panos Vostanis, Praveetha Patalay
There is a growing appreciation that child functioning in different domains, levels, or systems are interrelated over time. Here, we investigate links between internalizing symptoms, externalizing problems, and academic attainment during middle childhood and early adolescence, drawing on two large data sets (child: mean age 8.7 at enrolment, n = 5,878; adolescent: mean age 11.7, n = 6,388). Using a 2-year cross-lag design, we test three hypotheses - adjustment erosion, academic incompetence, and shared risk - while also examining the moderating influence of gender...
November 18, 2017: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
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