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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812985/interventions-to-support-integrated-psychological-care-and-holistic-health-outcomes-in-paediatrics
#1
REVIEW
Roz Shafran, Sophie D Bennett, Mhairi McKenzie Smith
There are strong calls from many national and international bodies for there to be a 'holistic' and integrated approach to the understanding and management of psychological and physical health needs. Such holistic approaches are characterized by the treatment of the whole person, taking into account mental and social factors, rather than just the symptoms of a disease. Holistic approaches can impact on mental and physical health and are cost-effective. Several psychological interventions have demonstrated efficacy in improving holistic health outcomes, for example Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, Behavioural Therapies and Problem Solving Therapies...
August 16, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811177/prospective-associations-between-peer-teasing-in-childhood-and-young-men-s-obesity
#2
David C R Kerr, Gianluca Gini
OBJECTIVE: Being teased and otherwise victimised by peers during childhood increases risk for obesity. However, few prospective studies have considered whether risk extends to adulthood. We tested whether being teased in childhood predicted higher body mass index (BMI) and increased odds of obesity in early adulthood in a community sample of American males. METHOD: Boys (n=206) were classified as victims of peer teasing or non-victims (n=55 and 151, respectively) based on mother, father, and teacher reports at ages 10-12 years...
August 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810423/psychological-factors-addressed-in-cognitive-behaviour-therapy-for-paediatric-functional-abdominal-pain-which-are-most-important-to-target
#3
Shelley Mc van der Veek, Else de Haan, Hhf Derkx, Marc A Benninga, Frits Boer
The effectiveness of cognitive behaviour therapy for paediatric functional abdominal pain leaves room for improvement. We studied which factors addressed in cognitive behaviour therapy relate most strongly to the physical and psychological functioning of children with functional abdominal pain and are thus most important to target. Questionnaires were filled out by 117 children with functional abdominal pain and their parents. Multiple regression analyses showed that children's passive coping and parental and children's positive cognitions relate to child functioning...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810352/maternal-responses-to-difficult-food-request-scenarios-relationships-with-feeding-style-and-child-unhealthy-snack-intake
#4
Samantha B Boots, Marika Tiggemann, Nadia Corsini
This study sought to identify parent-feeding behaviours in real-life difficult feeding situations through the use of a set of scenarios. These were then used to examine links between parent feeding and child snack intake. Mothers of children aged 2-7 years ( n = 611) completed an online survey containing five snack food request scenarios, two commonly used parent-feeding scales (Restriction and Covert Control), and reported on their child's snack intake. Results showed that parent-feeding styles (restrictive or covert) translated into specific behaviours in response to the scenarios...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809059/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-of-healthcare-professionals-regarding-child-maltreatment-in-china
#5
X Li, Q Yue, S Wang, H Wang, J Jiang, L Gong, W Liu, X Huang, T Xu
BACKGROUND: A new, recently issued national law and regulation in China conferred the responsibility of healthcare professionals in child maltreatment intervention. However, few studies have reported on the recognition and reporting of child maltreatment by healthcare professionals in China. The aim of this study was to assess healthcare professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and self-perceived behaviour in terms of identifying, assessing, and reporting child maltreatment cases in China...
August 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800094/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-visits-to-the-dentist-to-receive-professionally-applied-topical-fluoride-in-a-developing-country
#6
Miriam Del Socorro Herrera, Carlo Eduardo Medina-Solís, América Patricia Pontigo-Loyola, Rubén de la Rosa-Santillana, Leticia Ávila-Burgos, Rogelio José Scougall-Vilchis, Sonia Márquez-Rodríguez, Mirna Minaya-Sánchez, Alejandro José Casanova-Rosado
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and associated factors of visits to the dentist in the last year by Nicaraguan schoolchildren to receive professionally applied topical fluoride (PATF). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed in children from public schools in the city of León, Nicaragua, were included. A series of socioeconomic, sociodemographic, and behavioural variables were collected through a questionnaire. The dependent variable was the visit to the dentist to receive professionally applied topical fluoride in the last year, which was dichotomised as (0) Did not receive PATF and (1) Yes received PATF...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794060/assessment-of-health-related-quality-of-life-and-psychological-well-being-of-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-enrolled-in-a-new-zealand-community-based-intervention-programme-an-observational-study
#7
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Katharine F Treves, Cameron C Grant, Joanna M Stewart, Tami L Cave, Trecia A Wouldes, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To describe health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and psychological well-being of children and adolescents at enrolment in a multidisciplinary community-based obesity programme and to determine association with ethnicity. This programme targeted indigenous people and those from most deprived households. Further, this cohort was compared with other populations/normative data. METHODS: This study examines baseline demographic data of an unblinded randomised controlled clinical trial...
August 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792446/the-prevalence-of-fetal-alcohol-syndrome-and-its-impact-on-a-child-s-classroom-performance-a-case-study-of-a-rural-south-african-school
#8
Melissa Lubbe, Corné van Walbeek, Nicole Vellios
Alcohol consumption is high among farm labourers in the Western and Northern Cape of South Africa. Excessive alcohol consumption during pregnancy is common, resulting in a high prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) among children. FAS causes intellectual and behavioural problems, which create considerable obstacles to a child's education. The aim of this study is to provide a prevalence estimate of FAS in a rural school and to examine the effects of FAS on learners' educational outcomes. The study was conducted at a farm school near Clanwilliam in the Western Cape of South Africa...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791693/atypical-antipsychotics-for-disruptive-behaviour-disorders-in-children-and-youths
#9
REVIEW
Jik H Loy, Sally N Merry, Sarah E Hetrick, Karolina Stasiak
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane Review, last published in 2012 (Loy 2012). Children and youths with disruptive behaviour disorders may present to health services, where they may be treated with atypical antipsychotics. There is increasing usage of atypical antipsychotics in the treatment of disruptive behaviour disorders. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect and safety of atypical antipsychotics, compared to placebo, for treating disruptive behaviour disorders in children and youths...
August 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791523/parent-dependent-stressors-and-the-onset-of-anxiety-disorders-in-children-links-with-parental-psychopathology
#10
Jennifer L Allen, Seija Sandberg, Celine Y Chhoa, Tom Fearn, Ronald M Rapee
Exposure to stressors is associated with an increased risk for child anxiety. Investigating the family origins of stressors may provide promising avenues for identifying and intervening with children at risk for the onset of anxiety disorders and their families. The aim of this study was to compare the frequency of parent-dependent negative life events and chronic adversities experienced by children with an anxiety disorder (n = 34) in the 12 months prior to the onset of the child's most recent episode, compared to healthy controls (n = 34)...
August 8, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791517/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-interrai-child-and-youth-mental-health-disruptive-aggression-behaviour-scale-dabs-and-hyperactive-distraction-scale-hds
#11
Chloe Lau, Shannon L Stewart, Donald H Saklofske, Paul F Tremblay, John Hirdes
The present study aims to validate the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (interRAI ChYMH), Disruptive/Aggression Behaviour Scale (DABS) and Hyperactive/Distraction Scale (HDS). Data were collected from children/youth aged 4-18 (N = 3464) across 39 mental health agencies in Ontario, Canada. Unrestricted factor analysis using polychoric correlation matrices and Samejima's graded item response theory (IRT) parameterizations were conducted for both measures. Scores on the HDS and DABS were also compared amongst children/youth diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and disruptive behaviour disorder (DBD) respectively using DSM-IV criteria...
August 8, 2017: Child Psychiatry and Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790038/participate-cp-a-protocol-of-a-randomised-waitlist-controlled-trial-of-a-motivational-and-behaviour-change-therapy-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-through-meaningful-participation-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#12
Sarah Elizabeth Reedman, Roslyn N Boyd, Catherine Elliott, Leanne Sakzewski
INTRODUCTION: Children with cerebral palsy (CP) participate in leisure-time physical activities (PA) less often, with less intensity and reduced diversity than their typically developing peers. Participation in leisure-time physical activities may be an important source of habitual physical activity (HPA) for children with CP, who as a group have lower levels of HPA and increased sedentary time compared with their typically developing peers. The proposed study aims to compare the efficacy of a participation focused therapy (ParticiPAte CP) to usual care in a pragmatic, randomised waitlist controlled trial...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782306/nutrition-behaviour-change-communication-causes-sustained-effects-on-iycn-knowledge-in-two-cluster-randomised-trials-in-bangladesh
#13
John Hoddinott, Akhter Ahmed, Naureen I Karachiwalla, Shalini Roy
Behaviour change communication (BCC) can improve infant and young child nutrition (IYCN) knowledge, practices, and health outcomes. However, few studies have examined whether the improved knowledge persists after BCC activities end. This paper assesses the effect of nutrition sensitive social protection interventions on IYCN knowledge in rural Bangladesh, both during and after intervention activities. We use data from two, 2-year, cluster randomised control trials that included nutrition BCC in some treatment arms...
August 7, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780917/filling-a-significant-gap-in-the-cardiac-icu-implementation-of-individualised-developmental-care
#14
Samantha C Butler, Kate Huyler, Aditya Kaza, Chris Rachwal
Mortality rates among children with CHD have significantly declined, although the incidence of neurological abnormalities and neurodevelopmental impairment has increased. Research has focussed on outcomes, with limited attention on prevention and intervention. Although some developmental differences and challenges seen in children with CHD are explained by the cumulative effect of medical complications associated with CHD, many sequelae are not easily explained by medical complications alone. Although cardiac intensive care is lifesaving, it creates high levels of environmental and tactile stimulation, which potentially contribute to adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes...
August 7, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780545/conceptualising-paediatric-health-disparities-a-metanarrative-systematic-review-and-unified-conceptual-framework
#15
Jennifer L Ridgeway, Zhen Wang, Lila J Finney Rutten, Michelle van Ryn, Joan M Griffin, M Hassan Murad, Gladys B Asiedu, Jason S Egginton, Timothy J Beebe
OBJECTIVE: There exists a paucity of work in the development and testing of theoretical models specific to childhood health disparities even though they have been linked to the prevalence of adult health disparities including high rates of chronic disease. We conducted a systematic review and thematic analysis of existing models of health disparities specific to children to inform development of a unified conceptual framework. METHODS: We systematically reviewed articles reporting theoretical or explanatory models of disparities on a range of outcomes related to child health...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776780/the-construct-of-maternal-positivity-in-mothers-of-children-with-intellectual-disability
#16
M Jess, R P Hastings, V Totsika
BACKGROUND: Despite the elevated levels of stress, anxiety and depression reported by mothers of children with intellectual disabilities (ID), these mothers also experience positive well-being and describe positive perceptions of their child. To date, maternal positivity has been operationalised in different ways by using a variety of measures. In the present study, we tested whether a latent construct of maternal positivity could be derived from different measures of positivity. METHOD: One hundred and thirty-five mothers of 89 boys and 46 girls with ID between 3 and 18 years of age completed measures on parental self-efficacy, their satisfaction with life, family satisfaction, their positive affect and their positive perceptions of their child with ID...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774278/cluster-randomised-trial-of-a-school-community-child-health-promotion-and-obesity-prevention-intervention-findings-from-the-evaluation-of-fun-n-healthy-in-moreland
#17
Elizabeth Waters, Lisa Gibbs, Maryanne Tadic, Obioha C Ukoumunne, Anthea Magarey, Anthony D Okely, Andrea de Silva, Christine Armit, Julie Green, Thea O'Connor, Britt Johnson, Boyd Swinburn, Lauren Carpenter, Graham Moore, Hannah Littlecott, Lisa Gold
BACKGROUND: Multi-level, longer-term obesity prevention interventions that focus on inequalities are scarce. Fun 'n healthy in Moreland! aimed to improve child adiposity, school policies and environments, parent engagement, health behaviours and child wellbeing. METHODS: All children from primary schools in an inner urban, culturally diverse and economically disadvantaged area in Victoria, Australia were eligible for participation. The intervention, fun 'n healthy in Moreland!, used a Health Promoting Schools Framework and provided schools with evidence, school research data and part time support from a Community Development Worker to develop health promoting strategies...
August 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766999/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-child-and-adolescent-symptom-inventory-5-casi-5-for-use-in-central-and-south-western-uganda-the-chaka-project
#18
Richard Stephen Mpango, Eugene Kinyanda, Godfrey Zari Rukundo, Kenneth D Gadow, Vikram Patel
Our study was to examine the applicability of translating and culturally adapting the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-5 (CASI-5) for use in Uganda. This process followed guidelines recommended by the International Test Commission. A number of the CASI-5 concepts needed to be revised to capture the idioms for emotional, behavioural disorders and individual functioning among children and adolescents in Uganda. Our experience is that before introduction into another culture, psychological assessment instruments should undergo an adaptation process such as as the one used...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764819/sex-composition-of-twins-and-associations-with-morbidity-mortality-and-maternal-treatment-seeking-outcomes-in-resource-poor-settings
#19
Rob Stephenson, Mondie Blalock Tharp, John Mark Wiginton, Nicholas Metheny
Societal gender inequality and a preference for male children has been shown to be detrimental to girls' health. This is despite females' innate biological advantage early in life. The negative effects of gender inequity on female health are most pronounced in resource-poor countries, where cultural norms supporting a preference for male children are strongest. However, most of what is known about gender inequality and child health comes from studies of singleton births. There is little evidence for how, or if, the disadvantages associated with gender bias and son preference extend to multiple births, a population inherently at risk for a number of health challenges...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764763/the-shrinking-health-advantage-unintentional-injuries-among-children-and-youth-from-immigrant-families
#20
Natasha Ruth Saunders, Alison Macpherson, Jun Guan, Lisa Sheng, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Immigrants typically arrive in good health. This health benefit can decline as immigrants adopt behaviours similar to native-born populations. Risk of injury is low in immigrants but it is not known whether this changes with increasing time since migration. We sought to examine the association between duration of residence in Canada and risk of unintentional injury. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study of children and youth 0 to 24 years in Ontario, Canada (2011-2012), using linked health and administrative databases...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
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