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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490101/feasibility-of-discrimination-of-dairy-creams-and-cream-like-analogues-using-raman-spectroscopy-and-chemometric-analysis
#1
Aleksandar Nedeljkovic, Igor Tomasevic, Jelena Miocinovic, Predrag Pudja
Dairy cream and its analogues with sunflower oil, coconut oil and palm oil in different milk fat/vegetable fat ratios were prepared and analysed using Raman spectroscopy. The linear discriminant analysis was conducted in order to classify the samples. Samples were well separated and displayed distinguishing linear arrangement along the principal component that expressed the variation in lipid unsaturation. Good separation of sunflower oil and milk fat samples was obtained in contrast to the samples with coconut and palm oil, where the substantial overlapping occurred...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221944/a-novel-immunoassay-test-system-for-detection-of-modified-allergen-residues-present-in-almond-cashew-coconut-hazelnut-and-soy-based-nondairy-beverages
#2
Jongkit Masiri, Lora Benoit, Mahzad Meshgi, Jeffrey Day, Cesar Nadala, Mansour Samadpour
A growing number of plant-based milk substitutes have become commercially available, providing an array of options for consumers with dietary restrictions. Though several of these products rival cow's milk in terms of their nutritional profiles, beverages prepared with soy and tree nuts can be a significant concern to consumers because of potential contamination with food allergens. Adding to this concern is the fact that allergen residues from plant-based beverages are modified during manufacturing, thereby decreasing the sensitivity of antibody-based detection methods...
September 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976503/effect-of-temperature-and-seven-storage-media-on-human-periodontal-ligament-fibroblast-viability
#3
Beatriz Dulcineia Mendes de Souza, Eduardo Antunes Bortoluzzi, Jessie Reyes-Carmona, Luciane Geanini Pena Dos Santos, Claudia Maria de Oliveira Simões, Wilson Tadeu Felippe, Mara Cristina Santos Felippe
BACKGROUND/AIM: Natural resources, such as coconut water, propolis, and egg whites, have been examined as possible storage media for avulsed teeth. However, there is a lack of research focused on the efficacy of these three products together compared with Hank's balanced salt solution and milk. The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity of seven storage media to maintain the viability of human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (PDLFs). MATERIAL AND METHODS: PDLFs were kept at 5°C and 20°C, in skimmed milk (SMilk), whole milk (WMilk), recently prepared Hank's balanced salt solution (HBSS), Save-A-Tooth(®) system's HBSS (Save), natural coconut water (Coconut), Propolis, and egg white (Egg) for 3, 6, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 h, through the analysis of tetrazolium salt-based colorimetric (MTT) assay...
April 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943593/coconut-milk-and-probiotic-milk-as-storage-media-to-maintain-periodontal-ligament-cell-viability-an-in-vitro-study
#4
Divya Saini, Prahlad Gadicherla, Prakash Chandra, Latha Anandakrishna
BACKGROUND/AIM: The viability of periodontal ligament (PDL) cells is a significant determinant of the long-term prognosis of replanted avulsed teeth. A storage medium is often required to maintain the viability of these cells during the extra-alveolar period. Many studies have been carried out to search for the most suitable storage medium for avulsed teeth, but an ideal solution has not yet been found. The purpose of the study was to compare and analyze the ability of coconut milk and probiotic milk to maintain PDL cell viability...
November 5, 2016: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878500/anti-inflammatory-and-antioxidant-effect-of-kerabala-a-value-added-ayurvedic-formulation-from-virgin-coconut-oil-inhibits-pathogenesis-in-adjuvant-induced-arthritis
#5
M Ratheesh, S Sandya, C Pramod, S Asha, Jose P Svenia, S Premlal, B GrishKumar
Kerabala (CB) is a novel ayurvedic formulation used for treating various inflammatory diseases. This formulation was made from virgin coconut oil and it comprises extracts of Sida cordifolia, coconut milk and sesame oil. The current study was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory action of CB on carrageenan-induced acute and adjuvant-induced chronic experimental models. 5 mg/kg bwt was found to be potent dose from carrageenan model and evaluated its effect in adjuvant-induced chronic arthritic model...
February 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739293/dietary-fat-preference-and-effects-on-performance-of-piglets-at-weaning
#6
Ruey-Chee Weng
OBJECTIVE: An experiment was to evaluate the interplay of dietary lipid sources and feeding regime in the transition from sow milk to solid food of abruptly weaned piglets. METHODS: Soon after weaning, 144 piglets were selected and were trained over a 15 day period to experience gradually reducing dietary fat content from 12% to 6% for lard (L), soybean oil (S), and coconut oil (C) and their feeding behavior and diet preference then tested in a behavior observation experiment...
June 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625775/organoleptic-properties-and-perception-of-maize-african-yam-bean-and-defatted-coconut-flour-based-breakfast-cereals-served-in-conventional-forms
#7
Grace Ojali Usman, Gabriel Ifeanyi Okafor
Breakfast cereals were produced by roasting (t = 280°C) - a dry heat treatment process to gelatinize and semidextrinize the starch - in order to generate dry ready-to-eat products from blends of African yam bean (AYB), maize (M), and defatted coconut (DC) flour. Six samples were generated by mixing AYB and maize composite flour with graded levels of DC flour (0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%) to obtain the following ratios; 100:0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, and 50:50 that were added equal quantities of sugar, salt, sorghum malt extract, and water...
September 2016: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566863/association-of-tree-nut-and-coconut-sensitizations
#8
Brooke I Polk, Deendayal Dinakarpandian, Maya Nanda, Charles Barnes, Chitra Dinakar
BACKGROUND: Coconut (Cocos nucifera), despite being a drupe, was added to the US Food and Drug Administration list of tree nuts in 2006, causing potential confusion regarding the prevalence of coconut allergy among tree nut allergic patients. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether sensitization to tree nuts is associated with increased odds of coconut sensitization. METHODS: A single-center retrospective analysis of serum specific IgE levels to coconut, tree nuts (almond, Brazil nut, cashew, chestnut, hazelnut, macadamia, pecan, pistachio, and walnut), and controls (milk and peanut) was performed using deidentified data from January 2000 to August 2012...
October 2016: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540708/a-comparison-of-the-nutritional-value-of-cow-s-milk-and-nondairy-beverages
#9
Sarita Singhal, Robert D Baker, Susan S Baker
OBJECTIVES: Nondairy beverages are advertised as a healthy alternative to cow's milk. There is an increased availability and consumption of nondairy beverages and a decrease in consumption of cow's milk. The aim of the present study is to review and compare the contents and nutritional value of nondairy beverages to cow's milk. METHODS: Information about the nondairy beverages on the shelves at stores in Buffalo, New York was collected. The Web pages of several manufacturers were assessed for product contents...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534846/fish-consumption-pattern-among-adults-of-different-ethnics-in-peninsular-malaysia
#10
Nurul Izzah Ahmad, Wan Rozita Wan Mahiyuddin, Tengku Rozaina Tengku Mohamad, Cheong Yoon Ling, Siti Fatimah Daud, Nasriyah Che Hussein, Nor Aini Abdullah, Rafiza Shaharudin, Lokman Hakim Sulaiman
BACKGROUND: Understanding different patterns of fish consumption is an important component for risk assessment of contaminants in fish. A few studies on food consumption had been conducted in Malaysia, but none of them focused specifically on fish consumption. The objectives of this study were to document the meal pattern among three major ethnics in Malaysia with respect to fish/seafood consumption, identify most frequently consumed fish and cooking method, and examine the influence of demographic factors on pattern of fish consumption among study subjects...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217639/effect-of-storage-media-on-fracture-resistance-of-reattached-tooth-fragments-using-g-aenial-universal-flo
#11
Attiguppe Ramasetty Prabhakar, Chandrashekar M Yavagal, Nandita Shrikant Limaye, Basappa Nadig
BACKGROUND: Over a period of the past few years' episodes of dental trauma more commonly coronal fractures of anterior teeth are being increasingly reported in children. Fragment reattachment can be considered as a valid treatment option in such situations. However, ideal medium for storage of fragments before reattachment needs to be explored. AIM: To compare the fracture resistance of incisor tooth fragments stored in four storage media: Dry air, milk, coconut water, or egg white before reattaching them with G-aenial Universal Flo...
May 2016: Journal of Conservative Dentistry: JCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27217305/advances-in-high-frequency-ultrasound-separation-of-particulates-from-biomass
#12
Pablo Juliano, Mary Ann Augustin, Xin-Qing Xu, Raymond Mawson, Kai Knoerzer
In recent years the use of high frequency ultrasound standing waves (megasonics) for droplet or cell separation from biomass has emerged beyond the microfluidics scale into the litre to industrial scale applications. The principle for this separation technology relies on the differential positioning of individual droplets or particles across an ultrasonic standing wave field within the reactor and subsequent biomass material predisposition for separation via rapid droplet agglomeration or coalescence into larger entities...
March 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26761828/effect-of-palm-or-coconut-solid-lipid-nanoparticles-slns-on-growth-of-lactobacillus-plantarum-in-milk
#13
Yeon-Ji Jo, Mi-Jung Choi, Yun-Joong Kwon
This study was performed to investigate the effect of palm or coconut solid lipid nanoparticles (PO-SLNs or CO-SLNs) on growth of Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) in milk during storage period. The PO or CO (0.1% or 1.0%) was dispersed both in distilled water (DW) and ultra high temperature milk (UHTM), and subsequently emulsified with Tween(®) 80 by ultrasonication (30% power, 2 min). Increase in particle size and encapsulation efficiency (EE%) in DW was observed with an increase in oil concentration, whereas a decrease in ζ-potential of SLNs was noted with an increment in oil concentration...
2015: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26246145/adequacy-of-the-measurement-capability-of-fatty-acid-compositions-and-sterol-profiles-to-determine-authenticity-of-milk-fat-through-formulation-of-adulterated-butter
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sahel Soha, Amir M Mortazavian, Zahra Piravi-Vanak, Mohammad A Mohammadifar, Hamed Sahafar, Sara Nanvazadeh
In this research a comparison has been made between the fatty acid and sterol compositions of Iranian pure butter and three samples of adulterated butter. These samples were formulated using edible vegetable fats/oils with similar milk fat structures including palm olein, palm kernel and coconut oil to determine the authenticity of milk fat. The amount of vegetable fats/oils used in the formulation of the adulterated butter was 10%. The adulterated samples were formulated so that their fatty acid profiles were comforted with acceptable levels of pure butter as specified by the Iranian national standard...
2015: Recent Patents on Food, Nutrition & Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25954725/transit-fixatives-an-innovative-study
#15
Rajanikanth M, Ravi Prakash A, Sreenath G, Sonia Bai Jk, Shyam Ndvn
BACKGROUND: Universally accepted fixative is 10% formalin which has been used for preserving the tissues and their architecture. In certain conditions, formalin might not be readily available for immediate fixation. We here by explore more economical, eco-friendly and easily available solutions that can be used as transit media/ transporting media for tissue specimens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included commonly available solutions like Spirit, Saline, Betadine solution, Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), Local anesthesia (L...
March 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25829636/application-of-ultrasound-to-microencapsulation-of-coconut-milk-fat-by-spray-drying-method
#16
Hoang Du Le, Van Viet Man Le
Mixtures of coconut milk and gelatin solution were treated by ultrasound, mixed with maltodextrin and subsequently spray-dried to yield powder. The effects of ultrasonic power and sonication time on the microencapsulation efficiency (ME) and microencapsulation yield (MY) of coconut fat were investigated. The results indicated that increase in ultrasonic power from 0 to 5.68 W/g and in sonication time from 0 to 2.5 min augmented ME and MY of coconut fat. However, treatment with sonication power higher than 5...
April 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25825547/a-rapid-reversed-phase-thin-layer-chromatographic-protocol-for-detection-of-adulteration-in-ghee-clarified-milk-fat-with-vegetable-oils
#17
Anupama Rani, Vivek Sharma, Sumit Arora, Darshan Lal, Anil Kumar
Detection of milk fat adulteration with foreign fats/oils continues to be a challenge for the dairy industry as well as food testing laboratories, especially in the present scenario of rampant adulteration using the scientific knowledge by unscrupulous persons involved in the trade. In the present investigation a rapid reversed-phase thin layer chromatographic (RP-TLC) protocol was standardized to ascertain the purity of milk fat. RP-TLC protocol did not show any false positive results in the genuine ghee (clarified butter fat) samples of known origin...
April 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25814275/multiplex-detection-of-food-allergens-and-gluten
#18
Chung Y Cho, William Nowatzke, Kerry Oliver, Eric A E Garber
To help safeguard the food supply and detect the presence of undeclared food allergens and gluten, most producers and regulatory agencies rely on commercial test kits. Most of these are ELISAs with a few being PCR-based. These methods are very sensitive and analyte specific, requiring different assays to detect each of the different food allergens. Mass spectrometry offers an alternative approach whereby multiple allergens may be detected simultaneously. However, mass spectrometry requires expensive equipment, highly trained analysts, and several years before a quantitative approach can be achieved...
May 2015: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25694722/omega-3-fatty-acids-enriched-chocolate-spreads-using-soybean-and-coconut-oils
#19
T Jeyarani, T Banerjee, R Ravi, A G Gopala Krishna
Chocolate spreads were developed by incorporating two different soybean oil margarines, fat phases prepared using 85 % soybean oil (M1) and 1:1 blend of soybean oil and coconut oil (M2) with commercial palm stearin. Eight formulations were tried by varying skim milk powder (SMP)/fluid skimmed milk (FSM), type of fats (M1, M2, a commercial margarine and a table spread), sugar and cocoa powder and their quality characteristics were compared with a commercial hazelnut cocoa spread. The moisture and fat content were 5-6...
February 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25587197/plasma-capric-acid-concentrations-in-healthy-subjects-determined-by-high-performance-liquid-chromatography
#20
Rojeet Shrestha, Shu-Ping Hui, Hiromitsu Imai, Satoru Hashimoto, Naoto Uemura, Seiji Takeda, Hirotoshi Fuda, Akira Suzuki, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Ken-Ichi Hirano, Hitoshi Chiba
BACKGROUND: Capric acid (FA10:0, decanoic acid) is a medium-chain fatty acid abundant in tropical oils such as coconut oil, whereas small amounts are present in milk of goat, cow, and human. Orally ingested FA10:0 is transported to the liver and quickly burnt within it. Only few reports are available for FA10:0 concentrations in human plasma. METHODS: Fasting (n = 5, male/female = 3/2, age 31 ± 9.3 years old) and non-fasting (n = 106, male/female = 44/62, age 21...
September 2015: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
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