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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906438/acetylcholinesterase-and-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-in-schistosomes-and-other-parasitic-helminths
#1
REVIEW
Hong You, Chang Liu, Xiaofeng Du, Donald P McManus
Schistosomiasis, which is caused by helminth trematode blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma, is a serious health and economic problem in tropical areas, and the second most prevalent parasitic disease after malaria. Currently, there is no effective vaccine available and treatment is entirely dependent on a single drug, praziquantel (PZQ), raising a significant potential public health threat due to the emergence of PZQ drug resistance. It is thus urgent and necessary to explore novel therapeutic targets for the treatment of schistosomiasis...
September 14, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884235/a-cross-sectional-survey-comparing-a-free-treatment-program-for-advanced-schistosomiasis-japonica-to-a-general-assistance-program
#2
Langui Song, Xiaoying Wu, Beibei Zhang, Jiahua Liu, An Ning, Zhongdao Wu
The prevalence and intensity of schistosomiasis has dropped dramatically in China due to an effective integrated control program. However, advanced schistosomiasis is becoming a key challenge on the road to elimination. The aims of this study were to compare the disease condition between advanced cases under the general assistance program (GAP) and free treatment program (FTP) and to determine whether the FTP should be popularized to provide an objective reference for policymakers in China's advanced schistosomiasis control program...
September 7, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874839/the-schistosoma-mansoni-genome-encodes-thousands-of-long-non-coding-rnas-predicted-to-be-functional-at-different-parasite-life-cycle-stages
#3
Elton J R Vasconcelos, Lucas F daSilva, David S Pires, Guilherme M Lavezzo, Adriana S A Pereira, Murilo S Amaral, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida
Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) strategies, like RNA-Seq, have revealed the transcription of a wide variety of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the genomes of several organisms. In the present work we assessed the lncRNAs complement of Schistosoma mansoni, the blood fluke that causes schistosomiasis, ranked among the most prevalent parasitic diseases worldwide. We focused on the long intergenic/intervening ncRNAs (lincRNAs), hidden within the large amount of information obtained through RNA-Seq in S. mansoni (88 libraries)...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874579/nitric-oxide-blocks-the-development-of-the-human-parasite-schistosoma-japonicum
#4
Jia Shen, De-Hua Lai, R Alan Wilson, Yun-Fu Chen, Li-Fu Wang, Zi-Long Yu, Mei-Yu Li, Ping He, Geoff Hide, Xi Sun, Ting-Bao Yang, Zhong-Dao Wu, Francisco J Ayala, Zhao-Rong Lun
Human schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma species, is a major public health problem affecting more than 700 million people in 78 countries, with over 40 mammalian host reservoir species complicating the transmission ecosystem. The primary cause of morbidity is considered to be granulomas induced by fertilized eggs of schistosomes in the liver and intestines. Some host species, like rats (Rattus norvegicus), are naturally intolerant to Schistosoma japonicum infection, and do not produce granulomas or pose a threat to transmission, while others, like mice and hamsters, are highly susceptible...
September 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857186/anti-schistosome-antibodies-change-ntpdase-1-activity-from-macrophages
#5
Danielle Gomes Marconato, Michélia Antônia do Nascimento Gusmão, Juliana Melo, Juciane Maria de Andrade Castro, Gilson Costa Macedo, Eveline Gomes Vasconcelos, Priscila de Faria-Pinto
NTPDases are enzymes that hydrolyze di- and tri-phosphate nucleosides, regulating purinergic signaling in many organisms. The Schistosoma mansoni NTPDases, SmATPDases 1 and 2 are antigenic proteins and display a significant homology with the isoforms found in mammalian cells. In this work, we investigated whether anti-SmATPDase antibodies from S. mansoni-infected mice sera show cross-reactivity with the NTPDase 1 isoform from macrophages and how this event affect the cell proliferation. By Western blot, anti-SmATPDase antibodies present in serum from infected mice recognized two bands with approximately 53 and 58 kDa, corresponding to NTPDase 1...
August 30, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855840/effect-of-gold-nanoparticles-on-mice-splenomegaly-induced-by-schistosomiasis-mansoni
#6
Mohamed A Dkhil, Mona F Khalil, Marwa S M Diab, Amira A Bauomy, Saleh Al-Quraishy
Schistosomiasis is still one of the main parasitic diseases that affect human health in tropical regions. Whilst praziquantel (PZQ) is the main classic antischistosomal drug, the need for new drugs is still a must due to the low effectiveness of the drug on the schistosome young worms, and the evolving of PZQ resistant strains. Nanotechnology is one of the most important recent and current methods used to treat human diseases including parasitic ones. Therefore, the present study aimed to examine the curative role of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) on splenic tissue of mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni Sambon, 1907...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851531/impact-of-old-schistosomiasis-infection-on-the-use-of-transient-elastography-fibroscan-for-staging-of-fibrosis-in-chronic-hcv-patients
#7
Iman Ramzy, Aisha Elsharkawy, Rabab Fouad, Hanan Abdel Hafez, Maissa El Raziky, Wafaa El Akel, Mohammad El-Sayed, Hany Khattab, Mohamed Shehata, Marwa Elsharkawy, Amr Radwan, Gamal Esmat
BACKGROUND AND AIM: In tropical regions, Hepatitis C virus (HCV) - Schistosomiasis coinfection remains one of the health problems. With the new era of HCV treatment and the variety of methods of assessment of liver fibrosis so we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of FibroScan for staging hepatic fibrosis in HCV-Schistosomiasis coinfected patients. METHODOLOGY: Three groups of patients were enrolled. Group 1: chronic HCV with out antischistosomal antibody (122 patients), Group 2: chronic HCV with positive antischistosomal antibodies and without periportal tract thickening (122 patients), Group 3: chronic HCV with positive antischistosomal antibodies and ultrasonographic picture of periportal tract thickening (108 patients)...
August 26, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841653/treatment-of-schistosoma-mansoni-with-miltefosine-in-vitro-enhances-serological-recognition-of-defined-worm-surface-antigens
#8
Marwa H El-Faham, Maha M Eissa, Joseph E Igetei, Eglal I Amer, Susan Liddell, Mervat Z El-Azzouni, Michael J Doenhoff
BACKGROUND: Miltefosine, an anti-cancer drug that has been successfully repositioned for treatment of Leishmania infections, has recently also shown promising effects against Schistosoma spp targeting all life cycle stages of the parasite. The current study examined the effect of treating Schistosoma mansoni adult worms with miltefosine on exposure of worm surface antigens in vitro. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In an indirect immunofluorescence assay, rabbit anti-S...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829433/a-gene-expression-atlas-of-adult-schistosoma-mansoni-and-their-gonads
#9
Zhigang Lu, Florian Sessler, Nancy Holroyd, Steffen Hahnel, Thomas Quack, Matthew Berriman, Christoph G Grevelding
RNA-Seq has proven excellence in providing information about the regulation and transcript levels of genes. We used this method for profiling genes in the flatworm Schistosoma mansoni. This parasite causes schistosomiasis, an infectious disease of global importance for human and animals. The pathology of schistosomiasis is associated with the eggs, which are synthesized as a final consequence of male and female adults pairing. The male induces processes in the female that lead to the full development of its gonads as a prerequisite for egg production...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817570/increased-hepatotoxicity-among-hiv-infected-adults-co-infected-with-schistosoma-mansoni-in-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Amon I Marti, Soledad Colombe, Peter J Masikini, Samuel E Kalluvya, Luke R Smart, Bahati M Wajanga, Hyasinta Jaka, Robert N Peck, Jennifer A Downs
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about hepatotoxicity in patients with schistosome and HIV co-infections. Several studies have reported increased liver enzymes and bilirubin levels associated with schistosome infection. We investigated whether HIV-infected adults on antiretroviral therapy who had S. mansoni co-infection had a higher prevalence of hepatotoxicity than those without. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: We determined the presence and grade of hepatotoxicity among 305 HIV-infected outpatients who had been on medium-term (3-6 months) and long-term (>36 months) antiretroviral therapy in a region of northwest Tanzania where S...
August 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814579/hepatosplenic-schistosomiasis-playing-hide-and-seek-with-an-elusive-parasite
#11
Martin Baekby, Henning Glerup, Katrine Stribolt, Britta Tarp
A 27-year-old man of Eritrean origin presented with persistent left-sided abdominal pain. Initial investigation showed signs of liver fibrosis, portal hypertension and splenomegaly. A diagnosis of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis was suspected on grounds of elevated total IgE, grey area antischistosomiasis antibodies and the high endemic status of his native country. However, repeated microscopy of faecal and urine samples, as well as rectal biopsies, failed to demonstrate schistosomal eggs. Finally, the diagnosis of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis was established through demonstration of a Schistosoma mansoni egg in a liver biopsy taken in an attempt to clarify the cause of the above findings...
August 16, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810615/detecting-serum-and-urine-metabolic-profile-changes-of-ccl4-liver-fibrosis-in-rats-at-12-weeks-based-on-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry
#12
Jiarong Gao, Xiu-Juan Qin, Hui Jiang, Jin-Feng Chen, Ting Wang, Ting Zhang, Shuang-Zhi Xu, Jun-Mei Song
Liver fibrosis is caused by liver injury induced by a number of chronic liver diseases, including schistosome infection, hepatitis infection, metabolic disease, alcoholism and cholestasis. The tissue damage occurring after injury or inflammation of the liver is a reversible lesion; however, liver fibrosis has become a worldwide problem and poses a threat to human health. The development of an effective drug for the prevention and treatment of liver fibrosis is ongoing and uses information from different occurrences of liver fibrosis...
August 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803793/schistosomiasis-from-a-snail-s-perspective-advances-in-snail-immunity
#13
REVIEW
Emmanuel A Pila, Hongyu Li, Jacob R Hambrook, Xinzhong Wu, Patrick C Hanington
The snail's immune response is an important determinant of schistosome infection success, acting in concert with host, parasite, and environmental factors. Coordinated by haemocytes and humoral factors, it possesses immunological hallmarks such as pattern recognition receptors, and predicted gastropod-unique factors like the immunoglobulin superfamily domain-containing fibrinogen-related proteins. Investigations into mechanisms that underpin snail-schistosome compatibility have advanced quickly, contributing functional insight to many observational studies...
August 11, 2017: Trends in Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803725/schistosomiasis-drugs-used-and-treatment-strategies
#14
REVIEW
Lidiany da Paixão Siqueira, Danilo Augusto Ferreira Fontes, Cindy Siqueira Britto Aguilera, Taysa Renata Ribeiro Timóteo, Matheus Alves Ângelos, Laysa Creusa Paes Barreto Barros Silva, Camila Gomes de Melo, Larissa Araújo Rolim, Rosali Maria Ferreira da Silva, Pedro José Rolim Neto
Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) affect millions of people in different geographic regions, especially the poorest and most vulnerable. Currently NTDs are prevalent in 149 countries, seventeen of these neglected tropical parasitic diseases are classified as endemic. One of the most important of these diseases is schistosomiasis, also known as bilharzia, a disease caused by the genus Schistosoma. It presents several species, such as Schistosoma haematobium, Schistosoma japonicum and Schistosoma mansoni, the latter being responsible for parasitosis in Brazil...
August 10, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797128/field-evaluation-of-a-schistosome-circulating-cathodic-antigen-rapid-test-kit-at-point-of-care-for-mapping-of-schistosomiasis-endemic-districts-in-the-gambia
#15
Bakary Sanneh, Ebrima Joof, Abdoulie M Sanyang, Kristen Renneker, Yaya Camara, Alhagie Papa Sey, Sheriffo Jagne, Ignatius Baldeh, Serign Jawo Ceesay, Sana M Sambou, Kisito Ogoussan
BACKGROUND: Studies in Sub Saharan Africa have shown that the Circulating Cathodic Antigen point-of-care-test (POC-CCA) is more accurate in the detections of S. mansoni than the microscopic Kato-Katz technique but less is known about the accuracy of this rapid test in detecting S. haematobium infections. This study was intended to evaluate the field accuracy of POC-CCA as a rapid test kit for schistosomiasis mapping in The Gambia. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in 4 regions in the country...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793922/comparison-of-novel-and-standard-diagnostic-tools-for-the-detection-of-schistosoma-mekongi-infection-in-lao-people-s-democratic-republic-and-cambodia
#16
Youthanavanh Vonghachack, Somphou Sayasone, Virak Khieu, Robert Bergquist, Govert J van Dam, Pytsje T Hoekstra, Paul L A M Corstjens, Beatrice Nickel, Hanspeter Marti, Jürg Utzinger, Sinuon Muth, Peter Odermatt
BACKGROUND: Given the restricted distribution of Schistosoma mekongi in one province in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) and two provinces in Cambodia, together with progress of the national control programmes aimed at reducing morbidity and infection prevalence, the elimination of schistosomiasis mekongi seems feasible. However, sensitive diagnostic tools will be required to determine whether elimination has been achieved. We compared several standard and novel diagnostic tools in S...
August 10, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768520/colorectal-cancer-in-a-patient-with-intestinal-schistosomiasis-a-case-report-from-kilimanjaro-christian-medical-center-northern-zone-tanzania
#17
Ayesiga M Herman, Alfred Kishe, Heri Babu, Hilary Shilanaiman, Murad Tarmohamed, Jay Lodhia, Patrick Amsi, Jeremia Pyuza, Alex Mremi, Amos Mwasamwaja, Mramba Nyindo, Kondo Chilonga, David Msuya
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer associated with chronic intestinal schistosomiasis has been linked with the chronic inflammation as a result of schistosomal ova deposition in the submucosal layer of the intestine. Among all species Schistosoma japonicum has been more linked to development of colorectal cancer as compared to Schistosoma mansoni due to absence of population-based studies to support the association. Despite the weak evidence, some cases have been reported associating S. mansoni with development of colorectal cancer...
August 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764739/the-substructure-of-three-repetitive-dna-regions-of-schistosoma-haematobium-group-species-as-a-potential-marker-for-species-recognition-and-interbreeding-detection
#18
Ibrahim Abbasi, Bonnie L Webster, Charles H King, David Rollinson, Joseph Hamburger
BACKGROUND: Schistosoma haematobium is the causative agent of human urogenital schistosomiasis affecting ~112 million people in Africa and the Middle East. The parasite is transmitted by snails of the genus Bulinus, which also transmit other closely related human and animal schistosomes. The accurate discrimination of S. haematobium from species infecting animals will aid effective control and elimination programs. Previously we have shown the utility of different repetitive nuclear DNA sequences (DraI, sh73bp, and sh77bp) for the identification of S...
August 1, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757393/a-comparative-study-on-the-anti-schistosomal-and-hepatoprotective-effects-of-vinpocetine-and-isosorbide-5-mononitrate-on-schistosoma-mansoni-infected-mice
#19
Samar M Alhusseiny, Samar N El-Beshbishi, Maha M Abu Hashim, Hosam El-Dein E El-Nemr, Aya E Handoussa
Schistosomiasis is a remarkable public health problem in developing countries. Presently, praziquantel is the optional drug for all human schistosomiasis. Owing to the increased praziquantel resistance, there is an urgent need to develop new alternatives. This study aims at determining the anti-schistosomal and/or the hepatoprotective effects of the anti-inflammatory drug; vinpocetine, and the vasodilator and the nitric oxide donor; isosorbide-5-mononitrate, in comparison to praziquantel. In the present research, the therapeutic efficacies of these drugs were assessed in Swiss albino female mice (CD-I strain) experimentally infected with an Egyptian strain of Schistosoma mansoni, using some general, parasitological, and histopathological parameters...
July 27, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755871/cyclohexene-fused-1-3-oxazines-with-selective-antibacterial-and-antiparasitic-action-and-low-cytotoxic-effects
#20
Maria R M de Brito, Walter J Peláez, Martín S Faillace, Gardenia C G Militão, Jackson R G S Almeida, Gustavo A Argüello, Zsolt Szakonyi, Ferenc Fülöp, Maria C Salvadori, Fernanda S Teixeira, Rivelilson M Freitas, Pedro L S Pinto, Ana C Mengarda, Marcos P N Silva, Ademar A Da Silva Filho, Josué de Moraes
Oxazine derivatives, a class of heterocyclic compounds, exhibit a variety of biological properties, such as anticonvulsant and antitumor activities. In this study, we evaluated the effect of two cyclohexene-fused 1,3-oxazines (cis‑1-benzyl-N-phenyl-1,4,4a,5,8,8a-hexahydro-3,1-benzoxazin-2-imine (1) and trans‑N-phenyl-1,4,4a,5,8,8a-hexahydro-3,1-benzoxazin-2-imine (2)) in cultures of Bacillus cereus, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella enterica, Serratia marcescens, Shigella flexneri and Staphylococcus aureus by the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC)...
October 2017: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
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