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Return to work assessments

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778498/validation-on-milk-and-sprouts-of-en-iso-16654-2001-microbiology-of-food-and-animal-feeding-stuffs-horizontal-method-for-the-detection-of-escherichia-coli-o157
#1
Rosangela Tozzoli, Antonella Maugliani, Valeria Michelacci, Fabio Minelli, Alfredo Caprioli, Stefano Morabito
In 2006, the European Committee for standardisation (CEN)/Technical Committee 275 - Food analysis - Horizontal methods/Working Group 6 - Microbiology of the food chain (TC275/WG6), launched the project of validating the method ISO 16654:2001 for the detection of Escherichia coli O157 in foodstuff by the evaluation of its performance, in terms of sensitivity and specificity, through collaborative studies. Previously, a validation study had been conducted to assess the performance of the Method No 164 developed by the Nordic Committee for Food Analysis (NMKL), which aims at detecting E...
May 8, 2018: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775641/surviving-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-the-neurological-and-functional-outcome-and-health-related-quality-of-life-one-year-later
#2
Marjaana Tiainen, Jukka Vaahersalo, Markus B Skrifvars, Johanna Hästbacka, Juha Grönlund, Ville Pettilä
BACKGROUND: Data on long-term functional outcome and quality of life (QoL) after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are limited. We assessed long-term functional outcome and health-related QoL of OHCA survivors regardless of arrest aetiology. METHODS: All adult unconscious OHCA patients treated in 21 Finnish ICUs between March 2010 and February 2011 were followed. Barthel Index (BI), activities of daily living (ADL), accommodation, help needed and received, working status, car driving and self-experienced cognitive deficits were assessed in 1-year survivors (N = 206, 40...
May 15, 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#3
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771749/brillouin-microscopy-assessing-ocular-tissue-biomechanics
#4
Seok Hyun Yun, Dimitri Chernyak
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Assessment of corneal biomechanics has been an unmet clinical need in ophthalmology for many years. Many researchers and clinicians have identified corneal biomechanics as source of variability in refractive procedures and one of the main factors in keratoconus. However, it has been difficult to accurately characterize corneal biomechanics in patients. The recent development of Brillouin light scattering microscopy heightens the promise of bringing biomechanics into the clinic...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770344/is-delayed-weightbearing-after-matrix-associated-autologous-chondrocyte-implantation-in-the-knee-associated-with-better-outcomes-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, John W Belk, Trevor J Carver, Eric C McCarty
Background: Proper rehabilitation after matrix-associated autologous chondrocyte implantation (MACI) is essential to restore a patient's normal function without overloading the repair site. Purpose: To evaluate the current literature to assess clinical outcomes of MACI in the knee based on postoperative rehabilitation protocols, namely, the time to return to full weightbearing (WB). Study Design: Systematic review; Level of evidence, 1. Methods: A systematic review was performed to locate studies of level 1 evidence comparing the outcomes of patients who underwent MACI with a 6-week, 8-week, or 10/11-week time period to return to full WB...
May 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768595/-obstacles-to-return-to-work-translation-and-cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-questionnaire-to-the-brazilian-context
#6
Daniela Milani, Ana Claudia de Souza, Marcio Sussumu Hirayama, Neusa Maria Costa Alexandre
The few existing questionnaires addressing return to work in Brazil are medical and/or psychological and do not examine work environment-related issues. The Obstacles to Return-to-Work Questionnaire (ORTWQ) is multidimensional, including biopsychosocial and environmental factors, and has proven useful in the return to work issue. The scope of this study is to describe the translation and cultural adaptation process of ORTWQ for use in the Brazilian context. It also discusses aspects related to work and the importance for health professionals to identify obstacles to return to work for occupational health vigilance...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761259/-sense-of-coherence-scale-according-to-antonovsky-as-a-possible-predictor-for-return-to-work-for-cardiac-surgery-intensive-care-patients
#7
C Benstoem, R Wübker, M Lüngen, T Breuer, G Marx, R Autschbach, A Goetzenich, H Schnoering
BACKGROUND: For cardiac surgery patients who were employed prior to surgery, the return to their professional life is of special importance. In addition to medical reasons, such as pre-existing conditions, the success of the operation or postoperative course and patient-intrinsic reasons, which can be assessed with the Sense of Coherence (SOC) scale by Antonovsky, may also play a role in the question of a possible return into working life. METHODS: In this study 278 patients (invasive coronary artery bypass graft surgery and/or surgery on heart valves, age < 60 years, employed) were questioned postoperatively via post with the SOC questionnaire...
May 14, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751808/physical-violence-against-health-staff-by-mentally-ill-patients-at-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-botswana
#8
Anthony A Olashore, Oluyemi O Akanni, Radiance M Ogundipe
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is worrisome in the mental health sector. Little is understood about it in sub-Saharan Africa. Consequently, we decided to investigate the prevalence, related factors, and the available sources of support for the victims of workplace violence in a mental referral hospital in Botswana. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional retrospective survey of 201 mental health staff (MHS) of Sbrana Psychiatric Hospital, Botswana. We used a self-administered questionnaire to obtain information on socio-demographics and various aspects of work-related violence and available source of supports...
May 11, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747644/electronic-health-record-tools-to-assist-with-children-s-insurance-coverage-a-mixed-methods-study
#9
Jennifer E DeVoe, Megan Hoopes, Christine A Nelson, Deborah J Cohen, Aleksandra Sumic, Jennifer Hall, Heather Angier, Miguel Marino, Jean P O'Malley, Rachel Gold
BACKGROUND: Children with health insurance have increased access to healthcare and receive higher quality care. However, despite recent initiatives expanding children's coverage, many remain uninsured. New technologies present opportunities for helping clinics provide enrollment support for patients. We developed and tested electronic health record (EHR)-based tools to help clinics provide children's insurance assistance. METHODS: We used mixed methods to understand tool adoption, and to assess impact of tool use on insurance coverage, healthcare utilization, and receipt of recommended care...
May 10, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738237/water-use-in-the-us-energy-system-a-national-assessment-and-unit-process-inventory-of-water-consumption-and-withdrawals
#10
Emily A Grubert, Kelly T Sanders
The US energy system is a large water user, but the nature of that use is poorly understood. To support resource co-management and fill this noted gap in the literature, this work presents detailed estimates for US-based water consumption and withdrawals for the US energy system as of 2014, including both intensity values and the first known estimate of total water consumption and withdrawal by the US energy system. We address 126 unit processes, many of which are new additions to the literature, differentiated among 17 fuel cycles, five life cycle stages, three water source categories, and four levels of water quality...
May 8, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735750/systematic-review-of-fit-note-use-for-workers-in-the-uk
#11
Sarah Dorrington, Emmert Roberts, Arnstein Mykletun, Stephani Hatch, Ira Madan, Matthew Hotopf
OBJECTIVES: The fit note, introduced in England, Wales and Scotland in 2010, was designed to change radically the sickness certification process from advising individuals on their inability to work to advising them on what they could do if work could be adapted. Our review aimed to evaluate the following: (1) Is the 'maybe fit' for work option being selected for patients? (2) Are work solutions being recommended? (3) Has the fit note increased return to work? (4) Has the fit note reduced the length of sickness absence? We considered the way in which outcomes vary according to patient demographics including type of health problem...
May 7, 2018: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734828/social-security-and-disability-due-to-mental-impairment-in-adults
#12
Howard H Goldman, William D Frey, Jarnee K Riley
The Social Security Administration (SSA) oversees two disability programs, Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI). Adults with mental impairments represent a very large component of the programs. Policy makers and SSA are concerned about the accuracy of disability determination and also about low levels of labor force participation among individuals with disabilities. Adults with mental impairments are challenging to assess for work-related functional limitations...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729769/editorial-commentary-knee-dislocations-what-s-working-and-who-s-not
#13
EDITORIAL
Daniel C Wascher
Knee dislocations are severe injuries that are being seen with increasing frequency. Surgical treatment of knee dislocations improves outcomes, but many patients are unable to return to physical occupations or sporting activities. Patient factors and associated trauma can significantly affect the patient's final functional activity level. Future studies are needed to better assess our treatment methods of these challenging injuries.
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723320/the-effect-of-too-much-caring-a-preliminary-study
#14
Meriting Thokoane, C Peter Owen
PURPOSE: To determine the presence of burnout and psychiatric morbidity among prosthodontic residents and prosthodontists working in a maxillofacial prosthetic clinic and to compare these outcomes between those treating cancer patients and those not treating cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two questionnaires were used: the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). MBI assesses the three components of burnout (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and personal accomplishment), and the GHQ-12 screens for nonpsychotic psychiatric morbidity...
May 2018: International Journal of Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722488/-the-use-of-the-permanent-sample-eps-to-study-the-returnto-work-after-cancer-challenges-and-opportunities-for-research
#15
R Kiasuwa Mbengi, R Otter, E Abatih, E Goetghebeur, C Bouland, C de Brouwer
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of early cancer detection and the improvement in treatment efficacy have led to a significant increase in the survival and the prevalence of (ex) cancer patients. Approximately 40 % of new cancer cases are diagnosed every year in the working age population (20-64 years). Maintaining their quality of life results, among others, in their retain on the labour market. Even though it is necessary to realize the scale of the phenomenon and to plan interventions, no measure allows assessing the rate of return to work among of (ex) cancer patients in Belgium nowadays...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719722/an-aggravated-return-to-work-case-of-organic-solvent-induced-chronic-toxic-encephalopathy
#16
Sangyun Seo, Jungwon Kim
Background: Organic solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy (CTE) is known as a non-progressive disorder that does not progress after diagnosis. The authors present a case those symptoms worsened after continued exposure to organic solvent after returning to work. Because such a case has not been reported in South Korea to the best of our knowledge, we intend to report this case along with literature review. Case presentation: A 59-year-old man, who performed painting job at a large shipyard for 20 years, was receiving hospital treatment mainly for depression...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717327/content-and-quality-of-workplace-guidelines-developed-to-prevent-mental-health-problems-results-from-a-systematic-review
#17
Mette Andersen Nexø, Josefine Vejlby Kristensen, Majbritt Thorhauge Grønvad, Jesper Kristiansen, Otto Melchior Poulsen
Objectives A wide range of guidelines have been developed to prevent work-related mental health problems (MHP), but little is known about the quality of such guidelines. We systematically reviewed the content and quality of workplace guidelines aiming to prevent, detect, and/or manage work-related MHP. Methods We conducted systematic online and database searches (MEDLINE; Web of Science; PsychNET; occupational safety and health databases) to identify guidelines. Eligibility criteria included guidelines recommending primary, secondary, or tertiary preventive interventions to be implemented at the workplace by employers, employees or organizational staff...
April 30, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706877/perceived-simultaneity-and-temporal-order-of-audiovisual-events-following-concussion
#18
Adrienne Wise, Michael Barnett-Cowan
The central nervous system allows for a limited time span referred to as the temporal binding window (TBW) in order to rapidly determine whether multisensory events correspond with the same event. Failure to correctly identify whether multisensory events occur simultaneously and their sequential order can lead to inaccurate representations of the physical world, poor decision-making and dangerous behavior. Damage to the neural systems that coordinate the relative timing of sensory events may explain some of the long-term consequences associated with concussion...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706728/acute-arthrodesis-of-interphalangeal-joints-of-the-hand-in-traumatic-injuries
#19
Mark Tan, Sean Wei Loong Ho, Sreedharan Sechachalam
Background: Trauma resulting in severe comminution, bone loss, and articular involvement of the fingers is a challenging injury. Osteosynthesis of the digits is nonviable when there is an inability to restore a stable articular surface adequately. Acute arthrodesis of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joints may be an option in such scenarios. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of finger joint arthrodesis in the setting of trauma, in terms of fusion rates and clinical outcomes...
April 2018: Journal of Hand and Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706172/effects-of-medication-assisted-treatment-mat-for-opioid-use-disorder-on-functional-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#20
Margaret A Maglione, Laura Raaen, Christine Chen, Gulrez Azhar, Nima Shahidinia, Mimi Shen, Ervant Maksabedian, Roberta M Shanman, Sydne Newberry, Susanne Hempel
This systematic review synthesizes evidence on the effects of Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD) on functional outcomes, including cognitive (e.g., memory), physical (e.g., fatigue), occupational (e.g., return to work), social/behavioral (e.g., criminal activity), and neurological (e.g., balance) function. Five databases were searched from inception to July 2017 to identify English-language controlled trials, case control studies, and cohort comparisons of one or more groups; cross-sectional studies were excluded...
June 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
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