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Return to work assessments

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339442/clinical-outcome-of-full-endoscopic-interlaminar-discectomy-for-single-level-lumbar-disc-herniation-a-minimum-of-5-year-follow-up
#1
Zhiming Tu, Ya Wei Li, Bing Wang, Guohua Lu, Lei Li, Lei Kuang, Yuliang Dai
BACKGROUND: Full-endoscopic interlaminar discectomy (FEID) is widely applied for the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) and satisfactory short-term outcomes have been achieved. However, the long-term evaluation for this technique is still lacking, especially the comparison between FEID and microendoscopic discectomy (MED). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical outcome of FEID technique in comparison with MED for single-level LDH with a minimum of 5-year follow-up...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339418/survey-of-kinesiologists-functional-capacity-evaluation-practice-in-canada
#2
Kathryn E Sinden, Taya L McGillivary, Elizabeth Chapman, Steven L Fischer
BACKGROUND: In Canada, functional capacity evaluations (FCEs) are commonly administered by several health care professions including kinesiologists. Kinesiologists have been recently regulated as health care professionals in Ontario and we know little about their demographics, the frequency of FCE administration, or the types of FCEs used by this group. OBJECTIVE: The purposes of this study were to identify: 1) the demographic characteristics and FCE education of kinesiology FCE practitioners; 2) the FCE systems most used by these practitioners and 3) the constructs from assessments used to determine functional capacity...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328697/the-fear-avoidance-components-scale-facs-responsiveness-to-functional-restoration-treatment-in-a-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-disorder-cmpd-population
#3
Randy Neblett, Tom G Mayer, Mark J Williams, Sali Asih, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas, Meredith M Hartzell, Robert J Gatchel
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical validity and factor structure of the Fear-Avoidance Components Scale (FACS), a new fear-avoidance (FA) measure. METHODS: In this study, 426 chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder (CMPD) patients were admitted to a functional restoration program (FRP). They were categorized into five FACS severity levels, from Subclinical to Extreme, at admission, and again at discharge. Associations with objective lifting performance and other patient-reported psychosocial measures were determined at admission and discharge, and objective work outcomes for this predominantly disabled cohort, were assessed one-year later...
March 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327185/economic-evaluation-of-interventions-delivered-by-primary-care-providers-to-improve-neurodevelopment-in-children-aged-under-5%C3%A2-years-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#4
Karen M Edmond, Natalie A Strobel, Kimberley McAuley, Elizabeth Geelhoed, Lisa Hurt
BACKGROUND: Frequently cited benefit-cost ratios suggest that interventions to improve neurodevelopment have high economic returns when implemented during pregnancy and early childhood. However, there are many challenges when primary care providers implement these interventions at scale, and it is unclear how many research studies or programmes have examined cost-effectiveness and which methods were used. There are no current scoping or systematic reviews which have assessed economic evaluations of interventions delivered by primary care providers to improve child neurodevelopment...
March 21, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325132/physical-symptoms-and-working-performance-in-female-breast-cancer-survivors-a-systematic-review
#5
Kamilla Zomkowski, Bruna Cruz de Souza, Fabiana Pinheiro da Silva, Géssica Maria Moreira, Natália de Souza Cunha, Fabiana Flores Sperandio
PURPOSE: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize and systematize the information about physical symptoms and its relation with work activity on female Breast Cancer Survivors (BCS). METHODS: A systematic search was performed on the databases MEDLINE/PubMed (via National Library of Medicine), SCOPUS (Elsevier), Web of Science (Thomson Reuters Scientific) and CINAHL with full text (EBSCO), including papers about physical impairments experienced by female workers who have had breast cancer...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318587/technical-note-mining-data-from-on-farm-electronic-equipment-to-identify-the-time-dairy-cows-spend-away-from-the-pen
#6
A J Thompson, D M Weary, M A G von Keyserlingk
The electronic equipment used on farms can be creatively co-opted to collect data for which it was not originally designed. In the current study, we describe 2 novel algorithms that harvest data from electronic feeding equipment and data loggers used to record standing and lying behavior, to estimate the time that dairy cows spend away from their pen to be milked. Our 2 objectives were to (1) measure the ability of the first algorithm to estimate the time cows spend away from the pen as a group and (2) determine the capability of a second algorithm to estimate the time it takes for individual cows to return to their pen after being milked...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318518/-returning-to-work-after-an-acute-coronary-syndrome-when-waiting-is-wasting
#7
F Latil, M C Iliou, C Boileau, J X Pietri, C Lechien, P Ha-Vinh, C Guimond
BACKGROUND: Return to work (RTW) after acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is an important issue for the patient's future. AIMS: The study aim was to determine whether RTW practice complies with guidelines or is delayed by failure in patient management. We analysed the factors influencing RTW beyond the 90-day period recommended by guidelines. METHODS: We conducted a survey of 216 self-employed workers admitted to the hospital for ACS using self-report questionnaires and medical examination...
March 16, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318280/adjustment-between-work-demands-and-health-needs-development-of-the-work-health-balance-questionnaire
#8
Andrea Gragnano, Massimo Miglioretti, Monique H W Frings-Dresen, Angela G E M de Boer
PURPOSE: This study presented the construct of Work-Health Balance (WHB) and the design and validation of the Work-Health Balance Questionnaire (WHBq). More and more workers have a long-standing health problem or disability (LSHPD). The management of health needs and work demands is crucial for the quality of working life and work retention of these workers. However, no instrument exists measuring this process. The WHBq assesses key factors in the process of adjusting between health needs and work demands...
March 20, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303293/is-it-time-for-a-specific-undergraduate-interventional-radiology-curriculum
#9
Zaid Alsafi, Vamsee Bhrugubanda, Sanjeev Ramachandran, Ali Alsafi, Mohamad Hamady
PURPOSE: Interventional radiology (IR) is traditionally underrepresented in undergraduate medical curricula. Final-year medical students ought to be familiar with some common IR procedures in order to make adequate referrals and work-up patients appropriately. We evaluated the knowledge of final-year medical students on common IR procedures and compared it with their knowledge of other specialties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A fourteen-question, single-best-answer questionnaire assessing the knowledge of IR procedures and other minimally invasive non-IR procedures was administered to a group of final-year medical students...
March 16, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302253/determinants-of-quality-of-life-and-return-to-work-following-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#10
Frank Dodoo-Schittko, Susanne Brandstetter, Sebastian Blecha, Kathrin Thomann-Hackner, Magdalena Brandl, Helge Knüttel, Thomas Bein, Christian Apfelbacher
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in adults is a consequence of lung damage caused by either pulmonary or extrapulmonary disease. Survivors often suffer from an impaired health-related quality of life (HRQoL), mental and physical impairments, and persistent inability to work. METHODS: In this systematic review of the literature, we consider the determinants of HRQoL and return to work (RtW). 24 observational studies showing a statistical association between one or more determinants and HRQoL or RtW were included...
February 17, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299536/associations-between-the-readiness-for-return-to-work-scale-and-return-to-work-a-prospective-study
#11
Lene Aasdahl, Kristine Pape, Chris Jensen, Ottar Vasseljen, Tore Braathen, Roar Johnsen, Marius Steiro Fimland
Purpose To explore the usefulness of the Readiness for return to work scale in individuals participating in occupational rehabilitation, by assessing the association between the scale and return to work (RTW), and comparing the scale to a question assessing individuals' expectations about length of sick leave. Method Prospective cohort study with 9 months follow-up. Participants took part in one of two randomized clinical trials. Associations between the Readiness for RTW scale and RTW was analyzed using linear and logistic regression, with adjustment for age, gender and education...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293996/effective-pain-management-in-patients-in-hospital
#12
Candy McCabe
Chronic pain is experienced by between one third and one half of the UK population. Nurses should ensure that patients' pain is assessed and managed when they present to hospital, including pre-existing chronic pain and acute pain as a result of trauma or surgical interventions. Acute pain that is inadequately managed may result in chronic pain, impeding the patient's return to normal function and daily activities. Depression and increasing age affect the likelihood of patients experiencing chronic pain. Nurses should be familiar with the pain assessment tools available for use with older people and be aware of the potential issues of polypharmacy and altered sensitivity to medication in older people...
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290234/preliminary-validation-study-of-the-russian-birmingham-cognitive-screen
#13
E Kuzmina, G W Humphreys, M J Riddoch, A A Skvortsov, B S Weekes
INTRODUCTION: The Birmingham Cognitive Screen (BCoS) is designed for use with individuals who have acquired language impairment following stroke. Our goal was to develop a Russian version of the BCoS (Rus-BCoS) by translating the battery following cultural and linguistic adaptations and establishing preliminary data on its psychometric properties. METHOD: Fifty patients with left-hemisphere stroke were recruited, of whom 98% were diagnosed with mild to moderate aphasia...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288501/abdominal-pain-cramping-or-discomfort-impairs-quality-of-life-in-women-an-internet-based-observational-pilot-study-focussing-on-impact-of-treatment
#14
Paul Enck, Ursula Koehler, Harald Weigmann, Stefan Mueller-Lissner
Background Abdominal pain, cramping, and discomfort (APCD) are experienced by up to 30 % of adults in Europe. Objective To assess the impact of APCD on quality of life (QoL) and to investigate the effectiveness, tolerability, and impact on QoL of hyoscine butylbromide (HBB, Buscopan(®)) compared with STW 5 (Iberogast(®)) or analgesics in women with APCD. Methods An internet-based observational pilot study was conducted in Germany in women who had predominantly used HBB, STW 5, or analgesics (n = 240 per treatment) to treat APCD...
March 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288079/evidence-based-pediatric-orthopaedics-how-safe-is-safe
#15
G Alexander Augustithis, Hannah Margaret Ensor, James S Huntley
BACKGROUND: The aim of minimizing the risks of complications and adverse events is at the center of surgical practice.This study aimed to assess the evidence on which pediatric orthopaedic surgical procedures are described as "safe." In particular, the objective was to ascertain the proportion of studies describing a procedure as "safe," which achieved a 95% upper limit confidence interval of risk of 5% or less for major adverse events. METHOD: A primary search of Journal of Paediatric Orthopaedics 2009 to 2014 for the single term "safe" returned 71 papers appropriate for analysis...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286846/familiarity-of-physicians-and-nurses-with-different-aspects-of-oxygen-therapy-a-brief-report
#16
Reza Goharani, MirMohammad Miri, Mehran Kouchek, Mohammad Sistanizad
INTRODUCTION: Oxygen is a drug and physician and nurses should be familiar with the effects and potential risks of oxygen therapy. The current study aimed to assess familiarity of physicians and nurses with various aspects of oxygen therapy. METHOD: In this cross sectional study, the familiarity of physicians and nurses with various aspects of oxygen therapy in a teaching hospital was evaluated using a validated questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 21 software...
2017: Emergency (Tehran, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283174/real-time-rula-assessment-using-kinect-v2-sensor
#17
Vito Modesto Manghisi, Antonio Emmanuele Uva, Michele Fiorentino, Vitoantonio Bevilacqua, Gianpaolo Francesco Trotta, Giuseppe Monno
The evaluation of the exposure to risk factors in workplaces and their subsequent redesign represent one of the practices to lessen the frequency of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. In this paper we present K2RULA, a semi-automatic RULA evaluation software based on the Microsoft Kinect v2 depth camera, aimed at detecting awkward postures in real time, but also in off-line analysis. We validated our tool with two experiments. In the first one, we compared the K2RULA grand-scores with those obtained with a reference optical motion capture system and we found a statistical perfect match according to the Landis and Koch scale (proportion agreement index = 0...
March 7, 2017: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280383/nurses-and-opioids-results-of-a-bi-national-survey-on-mental-models-regarding-opioid-administration-in-hospitals
#18
Charlotte Guest, Fabian Sobotka, Athina Karavasopoulou, Stephen Ward, Carsten Bantel
OBJECTIVE: Pain remains insufficiently treated in hospitals. Increasing evidence suggests human factors contribute to this, due to nurses failing to administer opioids. This behavior might be the consequence of nurses' mental models about opioids. As personal experience and conceptions shape these models, the aim of this prospective survey was to identify model-influencing factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire was developed comprising of 14 statements concerning ideations about opioids and seven questions concerning demographics, indicators of adult learning, and strength of religious beliefs...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279864/prevalence-and-determinants-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-anxiety-and-depression-symptoms-in-street-children-survivors-of-the-2010-earthquake-in-haiti-four-years-after
#19
Daniel Derivois, Jude Mary Cénat, Nephtalie Eva Joseph, Amira Karray, Khadija Chahraoui
Working with street children and adolescents who lived through the 2010 earthquake in Port-au-Prince, this paper aims to assess the prevalence of symptoms of PTSD, anxiety and depression in relation to peritraumatic distress, and age, and to explore other risk factors and socio-demographic characteristics, four years after the events. Between March and June 2014, with a sample of 128 children and adolescents (120 boys and 8 girls) aged between 7 and 18, of an average age of 13.88 (SD=2.15), all living on the streets of Port-au-Prince, we used the following scales: the Trauma Exposure (TE), the Life Events Subscale of the CAPS; the Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI); the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale (CRIES-13) and the Children Depression Inventory (CDI); (BAI)...
March 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272183/incidence-intensity-and-impact-of-pain-in-recently-discharged-adult-trauma-patients-an-exploratory-study
#20
Helen Goldsmith, Kate Curtis, Andrea McCloughen
The long-term implications of pain following injury are well known; however, the immediate posthospitalization incidence and impact of pain is less understood. Inadequate pain relief during this time can delay return to work, leading to psychological stress and chronic pain. This exploratory study aimed to identify the incidence, intensity, and impact of injury-related pain in recently discharged adult trauma patients. During July to December 2014, 82 recently discharged adult trauma patients completed a questionnaire about their injury-related pain experience approximately 2 weeks posthospital discharge from a Level 1 trauma center...
March 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
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