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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345407/knee-menisci
#1
James Kevin Bryceland, Andrew John Powell, Thomas Nunn
The menisci of the knees are semicircular fibrocartilaginous structures consisting of a hydrophilic extracellular matrix containing a network of collagen fibers, glycoproteins, and proteoglycans maintained by a cellular component. The menisci are responsible for more than 50% of load transmission across the knee and increase joint congruity thereby also aiding in fluid film lubrication of the joint. In the United Kingdom, meniscal tears are the most common form of intra-articular knee injury and one of the commonest indications for orthopedic intervention...
April 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343028/epidemiology-of-penetrating-injuries-in-the-united-kingdom-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
G Whittaker, J Norton, J Densley, D Bew
INTRODUCTION: Penetrating injuries account for a significant number of deaths in the United Kingdom (UK) annually. Numerous articles have examined the epidemiology of penetrating trauma in various areas of the UK. This article aimed to systematically review the current literature and evaluate the incidence and mortality of penetrating injury according to region in the UK. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE(®) (1946 to June 2016), EMBASE(®) (1974 to June 2016), and PsycINFO(®) (1806 to June 2016) databases...
March 22, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341091/predictors-of-moderate-to-severe-fatigue-12-months-following-admission-to-hospital-for-burn-results-from-the-burns-registry-of-australia-and-new-zealand-branz-long-term-outcomes-project
#3
Belinda J Gabbe, Heather Cleland, Dina Watterson, Rebecca Schrale, Sally McRae, Susan Taggart, Anne Darton, Fiona Wood, Dale W Edgar
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue has been identified as an outcome of concern following burn but is rarely captured in outcomes studies. We aimed to: (i) describe the prevalence, and predictors, of moderate to severe fatigue in the first 12 months following burn, and (ii) establish the association between fatigue and health-related quality of life and work outcomes. METHODS: Adult burns patients, admitted >24h, were recruited from five BRANZ sites. Participants were followed-up at 1-, 6-, and 12-months after injury using the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI), 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP)-work scale...
December 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340304/family-members-experiences-of-driving-disruption-after-acquired-brain-injury
#4
Phyllis Liang, Jennifer Fleming, Louise Gustafsson, Janelle Griffin, Jacki Liddle
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: 1) To explore family members' lived experiences of driving disruption at early and later stages of the recovery continuum following acquired brain injury (ABI). 2) To describe health-related quality of life of family members of individuals with ABI who are experiencing driving disruption. RESEARCH DESIGN: Mixed methods phenomenological research approach. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Semi-structured interviews and health-related quality of life questionnaires were conducted with 15 family members of individuals with ABI (early group: 1-12 months post-injury, n = 6; later group: >1 year post-injury, n = 9)...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338594/the-association-of-non-accidental-trauma-with-historical-factors-exam-findings-and-diagnostic-testing-during-the-initial-trauma-evaluation
#5
Mauricio A Escobar, Marc Auerbach, Katherine Flynn-O'Brien, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Matthew A Borgman, Susan J Duffy, Kelly Falcone, Rita Burke, John M Cox, Sabine Maguire
Early identification of non-accidental trauma (NAT) is a critical component of pediatric trauma care. Literature searches were conducted related to the association of NAT with seven key areas: history, exam findings (burns, oral trauma, bruising) and imaging (fractures, abdominal and brain injuries). When available, odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for associations with NAT are presented. Systematic reviews have been published in six of the seven key areas and are described. The operational definition of NAT was widely variable across studies, prohibiting meta-analysis...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338417/a-3d-tissue-printing-approach-for-validation-of-diffusion-tensor-imaging-in-skeletal-muscle
#6
David B Berry, Shangting You, John Warner, Lawrence R Frank, Shaochen Chen, Samuel R Ward
The ability to noninvasively assess skeletal muscle microstructure, which predicts function and disease, would be of significant clinical value. One method that holds this promise is diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI), which is sensitive to the microscopic diffusion of water within tissues and has become ubiquitous in neuroimaging as a way of assessing neuronal structure and damage. However, its application to the assessment of changes in muscle microstructure associated with injury, pathology, or age remains poorly defined, because it is difficult to precisely control muscle microstructural features in vivo...
March 24, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337786/vulnerable-emotional-expression-in-emotion-focused-couples-therapy-relating-interactional-processes-to-outcome
#7
Jacqueline M McKinnon, Leslie S Greenberg
This study examined whether interactions characterized by high expression of emotional vulnerability in one partner followed by a highly supportive response style by the other partner predicted greater improvement on domains of forgiveness, unfinished business, trust, and relationship satisfaction in a sample of 32 couples presenting for Emotion Focused Couples Therapy with unresolved emotional injuries. For each outcome measure, two separate hierarchical regression models were tested (injured partner vulnerability and offending partner supportiveness; offending partner vulnerability and injured partner supportiveness)...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337145/dioscin-protects-anit-induced-intrahepatic-cholestasis-through-regulating-transporters-apoptosis-and-oxidative-stress
#8
Hong Yao, Youwei Xu, Lianhong Yin, Xufeng Tao, Lina Xu, Yan Qi, Xu Han, Pengyuan Sun, Kexin Liu, Jinyong Peng
Intrahepatic cholestasis, a clinical syndrome, is caused by excessive accumulation of bile acids in body and liver. Proper regulation of bile acids in liver cells is critical for liver injury. We previously reported the effects of dioscin against α-naphthylisothio- cyanate (ANIT)-induced cholestasis in rats. However, the pharmacological and mechanism data are limited. In our work, the animals of rats and mice, and Sandwich-cultured hepatocytes (SCHs) were caused by ANIT, and dioscin was used for the treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335012/improving-working-memory-performance-in-brain-injured-patients-using-hypnotic-suggestion
#9
Jonas K Lindeløv, Rikke Overgaard, Morten Overgaard
Working memory impairment is prevalent in brain injured patients across lesion aetiologies and severities. Unfortunately, rehabilitation efforts for this impairment have hitherto yielded small or no effects. Here we show in a randomized actively controlled trial that working memory performance can be effectively restored by suggesting to hypnotized patients that they have regained their pre-injury level of working memory functioning. Following four 1-h sessions, 27 patients had a medium-sized improvement relative to 22 active controls (Bayes factors of 342 and 37...
February 4, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333911/self-reported-work-related-injury-or-illness-washington-2011-2014
#10
Jennifer L Marcum, Brian Chin, Naomi J Anderson, David K Bonauto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331533/work-related-injury-among-saudi-star-agro-industry-workers-in-gambella-region-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Daniel Haile Chercos, Demeke Berhanu
BACKGROUND: Work injury is an important cause of morbidity and mortality, much of these work injuries burden can be found in industry required heavy manual work such as, agriculture and fishers. Hence; agriculture is consistently cited as one of the most hazardous industry in the world. The objective of this study isto assess the magnitude and associated factors of work related injury among Saudi Star Agro Industry workers in Gambella region, South West Ethiopia. METHODS: An institutional based cross-sectional study design was conducted on Saudi Star Agro Industry located in Gambella region, from February - June 2014 on 449 randomly selected workers who arestratifiedby working department...
2017: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327082/out-of-hours-care-in-germany-high-utilization-by-adult-patients-with-minor-ailments
#12
R Leutgeb, P Engeser, S Berger, J Szecsenyi, G Laux
BACKGROUND: Family practitioners (FPs) who work in Out-Of-Hours Care (OOHC) - especially in rural areas - complain about high workload related to low urgency and potentially unnecessary patient presentations with minor ailments. The aim of this study was to describe Reasons for Encounter (RFEs) in primary OOHC taken into account the doctor's perspective in the context of high workload without knowing patients' motives for visiting an OOHC-centre. METHODS: Within this descriptive study, OOHC data from 2012 were evaluated from a German statutory health insurance company in the federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg...
March 21, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322240/international-spinal-cord-injury-endocrine-and-metabolic-extended-data-set
#13
W A Bauman, J M Wecht, F Biering-Sørensen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop the International Spinal Cord Injury (SCI) Endocrine and Metabolic Extended Data Set (ISCIEMEDS) within the framework of the International SCI Data Sets that would facilitate consistent collection and reporting of endocrine and metabolic findings in the SCI population. SETTING: This study was conducted in an international setting. METHODS: The ISCIEMEDS was developed by a working group...
March 21, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321635/relative-biological-effectiveness-in-a-proton-spread-out-bragg-peak-formed-by-pencil-beam-scanning-mode
#14
Anna Michaelidesová, Jana Vachelová, Monika Puchalska, Kateřina Pachnerová Brabcová, Vladimír Vondráček, Lembit Sihver, Marie Davídková
In recent years, there is an increased interest in using scanning modes in proton therapy, due to the more conformal dose distributions, thanks to the spot-weighted dose delivery. The dose rate in each spot is however much higher than the dose rate when using passive irradiation modes, which could affect the cell response. The purpose of this work was to investigate how the relative biological effectiveness changes along the spread-out Bragg peak created by protons delivered by the pencil beam scanning mode...
March 20, 2017: Australasian Physical & Engineering Sciences in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321390/metabonomics-research-progress-on-liver-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Mengqian Yu, Ying Zhu, Qingwei Cong, Chunyan Wu
Metabolomics as the new omics technique develops after genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics and has rapid development at present. Liver diseases are worldwide public health problems. In China, chronic hepatitis B and its secondary diseases are the common liver diseases. They can be diagnosed by the combination of history, virology, liver function, and medical imaging. However, some patients seldom have relevant physical examination, so the diagnosis may be delayed. Many other liver diseases, such as drug-induced liver injury (DILI), alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), and autoimmune liver diseases, still do not have definite diagnostic markers; the diagnosis consists of history, medical imaging, and the relevant score...
2017: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321343/knee-dislocation-a-case-report-diagnostic-vascular-work-up-and-literature-review
#16
Matthijs R Douma, Michael D Burg, Björn L Dijkstra
Knee dislocation is an uncommon, potentially limb-threatening, knee injury. Most often caused by high-velocity trauma, it can also result from low- or even ultra-low-velocity trauma. Rapid identification of the injury, reduction, and definitive management are necessary to minimize neurovascular damage. We present a case of rotatory anterolateral knee dislocation sustained during a twisting sports-related event. Special emphasis is placed on diagnosing vascular injuries associated with knee dislocations.
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320759/basic-occupational-health-services-bohs-in-community-primary-care-the-msf-dhaka-model
#17
Venkiteswaran Muralidhar, Md Faizul Ahasan, Ahad Mahmud Khan, Mohammad Shariful Alam
The Médecins Sans Frontiérs (MSF) established basic occupational health services to diagnose and treat work-related diseases among tannery, metal, plastics and garment workers and families in one of the more polluted areas of the world populated by 600 000 people. In spite of project limitations, an analysis of the 6-month data showed that of the original cohort of 5000, 3200 (64%) came for at least 1 consultation. Among them, 468 (14.6%) were diagnosed with suspected work-related diseases as per defined protocols...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318538/dynamic-intraligamentary-stabilization-versus-conventional-acl-reconstruction-a-matched-study-on-return-to-work
#18
Kathrin S Bieri, Stefan M Scholz, Sandro Kohl, Emin Aghayev, Lukas P Staub
PURPOSE: The dynamic intraligamentary stabilization (DIS) technique is based on a different treatment approach than ACL reconstruction in that it intends to promote self-healing of the ligament. It is only recommended for acute injuries (<21days). The purpose of the present study was to compare DIS and ACLR with respect to the extent of work incapacity, revision rates, secondary arthroscopies, and treatment costs during recovery. METHODS: The study was a post-hoc analysis of prospectively collected data in the Swiss National Accident Insurance Fund (SUVA) database...
March 7, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316248/assessing-the-impact-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-on-resting-state-function-networks-in-a-military-chronic-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-sample
#19
Dominic E Nathan, Julie F Bellgowan, Louis M French, Jonathan P Wolf, Terry Oakes, Jeannine B Mielke, Elyssa B Sham, Wei Liu, Gerard Riedy
The relationship between post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and chronic symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is difficult to discern and poorly understood. An accurate differential diagnosis, assessment and treatment of mTBI and PTSD is challenging due to significant symptom overlap and the absence of clearly established biomarkers. The objective of this work is to examine how post traumatic stress influences task-free brain networks in chronic mTBI subjects. Control subjects (N=44) were compared with chronic mTBI subjects with low (N=58, PCLC total<30), medium (N=124, PCLC total = 31-49) and high (N=105, PCLC total ≥ 60) post traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS)...
March 19, 2017: Brain Connectivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315865/proteomic-analysis-of-mouse-cortex-postsynaptic-density-following-neonatal-brain-hypoxia-ischemia
#20
Guo Shao, Yongqiang Wang, Shenheng Guan, Alma L Burlingame, Fuxin Lu, Renatta Knox, Donna M Ferriero, Xiangning Jiang
Proteomics of the synapses and postsynaptic densities (PSDs) have provided a deep understanding of protein composition and signal networks in the adult brain, which underlie neuronal plasticity and neurodegenerative or psychiatric disorders. However, there is a paucity of knowledge about the architecture and organization of PSDs in the immature brain, and how it is modified by brain injury in an early developing stage. Mass spectrometry (MS)-based proteomic analysis was performed on PSDs prepared from cortices of postnatal day 9 naïve mice or pups which had suffered hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury...
March 18, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
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