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Qin Ping Zhao, Qian Gao, Yan Zhang, Yan Wei Li, Wen Ling Huang, Chun-Lian Tang, Hui Fen Dong
The amphibious snail, Oncomelania hupensis, primarily distributed in the Far East, is the only intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum, which causes the most virulent form of schistosomiasis. Obligatory parasitism of snails is the main vehicle for human and livestock infection and depends primarily on parasite infectivity, snail defense capacity and specificity, and parasite-snail compatibility. Therefore, the schistosome-snail interaction is biomedically significant, particularly the molecular mechanisms involved in the innate immune response against S...
January 30, 2018: Acta Tropica
Shuaiqin Huang, Theerakamol Pengsakul, Yunchao Cao, Mingke Lu, Wenfeng Peng, Jiaojiao Lin, Chongti Tang, Liang Tang
Schistosomiasis is a destructive parasitic zoonosis caused by agents of the genus Schistosoma, which afflicts more than 250 million people worldwide. The freshwater amphibious snail Oncomelania hupensis serves as the obligate intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been demonstrated to be a pleiotropic immunoregulatory cytokine and a key signaling molecule involved in adaptive and innate immunity. In the present study, we obtained the full-length cDNA of OhMIF and analyzed the characteristics of the ORF and the peptide sequence in O...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Wenshan Ke, Xi Cheng, Dezhi Cao, Qixiang Sun, Qian Zhang
To explore a new molluscicide with dual effects of fertilization and molluscicidal activity, an organic-inorganic compound fertilizer molluscicide was prepared by mixing the water extract (or powder) of Arisaema erubescens tubers with nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer, and three mixed fertilizers (hereinafter referred to as ANF, APF, AKF and ACF, respectively). Leaching using the mixture was performed to test for molluscicidal activity, and indoor rice germination, seedling growth, and pot experiments were monitored...
March 2018: Acta Tropica
Wenshan Ke, Xiong Lin, Zhengshen Yu, Qiqiang Sun, Qian Zhang
In order to search new local plant molluscicides for the control of the vectors of schistosomiasis, leaves of Macleaya cordata (Willd) R. Br. were used to extract and separate alkaloid components by thinner acid method and column chromatography, and the molluscicidal effect of alkaloid components against snail Oncomelania hupensis was determined by bioassay. The results showed that 7 alkaloid components (AN1-7) were obtained after extracting and separating alkaloids from the leaves of M. cordata, where AN2 was found being the most toxic against snail O...
November 2017: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Jin-Song Zhao, An-Yun Wang, Hua-Bin Zhao, Yan-Hong Chen
The freshwater snail Oncomelania hupensis is the unique intermediate host of the blood fluke Schistosoma japonicum, which is the major cause of schistosomiasis. The snail inhabits two contrasting environments: the hilly and marshland regions. The hilly snails are smaller in size and have the typical smooth shell, whereas the marshland snails are larger and possess the ribbed shell. To reveal the differences in gene expression between the hilly and marshland snails, a total of six snails, three per environment, were individually examined by RNA sequencing technology...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
Weisi Wang, Xia Zhang, Huaming Zhang, Hehua Hu, Shizhu Li, Xiong Liu, Liping Duan
The molluscicidal activity of a novel molluscicide (niclosamidate) was evaluated in field trials against Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum. The environmental safety of niclosamidate for local fishes was also studied under field conditions. The results showed that, at the dosages of 8.0 g/m(2) and 4.0 g/m(3), niclosamidate exhibits highly potent molluscicidal activity in the spraying and immersion trials, resulting in mortality rates of up to 81.8 and 72.7%, respectively...
December 2017: Parasitology Research
Gengping Zhu, Jingyu Fan, A Townsend Peterson
BACKGROUND: The South-to-North Water Diversion (SNWD) project is designed to channel fresh water from the Yangtze River north to more industrialized parts of China. An important question is whether future climate change and dispersal via the SNWD may synergistically favor a northward expansion of species involved in hosting and transmitting schistosomiasis in China, specifically the intermediate host, Oncomelania hupensis. METHODOLOGY/ PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In this study, climate spaces occupied by the four subspecies of O...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Yuanyuan Shi, Juan Qiu, Rendong Li, Qiang Shen, Duan Huang
Schistosomiasis japonica is an infectious disease caused by Schistosoma japonicum, and it remains endemic in China. Flooding is the main hazard factor, as it causes the spread of Oncomelania hupensis, the only intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum, thereby triggering schistosomiasis outbreaks. Based on multi-source real-time remote sensing data, we used remote sensing (RS) technology, especially synthetic aperture radar (SAR), and geographic information system (GIS) techniques to carry out warning research on potential snail habitats within the snail dispersal range following flooding...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Kharleezelle J Moendeg, Jose Ma M Angeles, Ryo Nakao, Lydia R Leonardo, Ian Kendrich C Fontanilla, Yasuyuki Goto, Masashi Kirinoki, Elena A Villacorte, Pilarita T Rivera, Noboru Inoue, Yuichi Chigusa, Shin-Ichiro Kawazu
BACKGROUND: Microsatellites have been found to be useful in determining genetic diversities of various medically-important parasites which can be used as basis for an effective disease management and control program. In Asia and Africa, the identification of different geographical strains of Schistosoma japonicum, S. haematobium and S. mansoni as determined through microsatellites could pave the way for a better understanding of the transmission epidemiology of the parasite. Thus, the present study aims to apply microsatellite markers in analyzing the populations of S...
July 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Shibo Kong, Xiaodong Tan, Zhiqing Deng, Yaofei Xie, Fen Yang, Zengwang Zheng
Snail control is a key link in schistosomiasis control, but no unified methods for eliminating snails have been produced to date. This study was conducted to explore an engineering method for eliminating Oncomelania hupensis applicable to urban areas. The engineering specifications were established using the Delphi method. An engineering project based on these specifications was conducted in Hankou marshland to eliminate snails, including the transformation of the beach surface and ditches. Molluscicide was used as a supplement...
May 6, 2017: Acta Tropica
Shuaiqin Huang, Yunchao Cao, Mingke Lu, Wenfeng Peng, Jiaojiao Lin, Chongti Tang, Liang Tang
Schistosomiasis, caused by parasitic trematodes of the genus Schistosoma, remains a devastating public health problem, with over 200 million people infected and 779 million people at risk worldwide, especially in developing countries. The freshwater amphibious snail Oncomelania hupensis is the obligate intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum. This unique and long-standing host-parasite interaction highlights the biomedical importance of the molecular and cellular mechanisms involved in the snail immune defense response against schistosome infection...
July 2017: International Journal for Parasitology
Le-Ping Sun, Wei Wang, Qing-Biao Hong, Shi-Zhu Li, You-Sheng Liang, Hai-Tao Yang, Xiao-Nong Zhou
Schistosomiasis japonica, caused by the human blood fluke Schistosoma japonicum, remains a major public health problem in China, although great success has been achieved. The control efforts during the past half-decade, notably the wide implementation of the new integrated strategy with emphasis on control of the source of S. japonicum infection across the country since 2004, has greatly reduced S. japonicum in humans, livestock, and intermediate host Oncomelania hupensis snails, and transmission control of schistosomiasis was achieved in China in 2015...
March 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Le-Ping Sun, Wei Wang, Yin-Ping Zuo, Qing-Biao Hong, Guang-Lin Du, Yu-Cai Ma, Jian Wang, Guo-Jing Yang, Dao-Jian Zhu, You-Sheng Liang
BACKGROUND: Although great success has been achieved, schistosomiasis remains a major public health concern in China, and the remaining core endemic regions are concentrated along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. In this longitudinal study, we evaluated the effectiveness of a multidisciplinary, integrated approach for schistosomiasis elimination in a historically hyper-endemic region in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, China over the 10-year period from 2005 through 2014...
March 14, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Jennifer R Head, Howard Chang, Qunna Li, Christopher M Hoover, Thomas Wilke, Catharina Clewing, Elizabeth J Carlton, Song Liang, Ding Lu, Bo Zhong, Justin V Remais
BACKGROUND: While the dispersal of hosts and vectors-through active or passive movement-is known to facilitate the spread and re-emergence of certain infectious diseases, little is known about the movement ecology of Oncomelania spp., intermediate snail host of the parasite Schistosoma japonicum, and its consequences for the spread of schistosomiasis in East and Southeast Asia. In China, despite intense control programs aimed at preventing schistosomiasis transmission, there is evidence in recent years of re-emergence and persistence of infection in some areas, as well as an increase in the spatial extent of the snail host...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Jian He, Wei Li, Robert Bergquist, Jian-Feng Zhang, Liang Shi, Song Zhao, Feng Wu, Kun Yang
This study concerns an integrated strategy of schistosomiasis control, focusing on the management and elimination of the main transmission cycles and reservoirs along Yangtze river, Jiangsu Province (China), instituted in 2004. Our analysis, including mapping, spatial autocorrelation and spatio-temporal scanning, was implemented between 2001 and 2013 to explore the changes in the distribution of Oncomelania hupensis, the intermediate host of Schistosoma japonicum. Two high-density snail locations in the upper and middle reaches of the river were observed along with one high-risk area due to infected snails in the upper reaches at the beginning of the study period...
November 29, 2016: Geospatial Health
Xiaoli Wang, Wei Wang, Peng Wang
Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical parasitic disease of great public health significance worldwide. Currently, mass drug administration with praziquantel remains the major strategy for global schistosomiasis control programs. Since 2005, an integrated strategy with emphasis on infectious source control was implemented for the control of schistosomiasis japonica, a major public health concern in China, and pilot studies have demonstrated that such a strategy is effective to reduce the prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum infection in both humans and bovines...
February 2017: Parasitology Research
Gong Cheng, Dan Li, Dafang Zhuang, Yong Wang
BACKGROUND: We analyzed the influence of natural factors, such as temperature, rainfall, vegetation and hydrology, on the spatio-temporal distribution of Oncomelania hupensis and explored the leading factors influencing these parameters. The results will provide reference methods and theoretical a basis for the schistosomiasis control. METHODS: GIS (Geographic Information System) spatial display and analysis were used to describe the spatio-temporal distribution of Oncomelania hupensis in the study area (Dongting Lake in Hunan Province) from 2004 to 2011...
December 2016: Acta Tropica
Yi-Biao Zhou, Yue Chen, Song Liang, Xiu-Xia Song, Geng-Xin Chen, Zhong He, Bin Cai, Wu-Li Yihuo, Zong-Gui He, Qing-Wu Jiang
Schistosomiasis remains a serious public health issue in many tropical countries, with more than 700 million people at risk of infection. In China, a national integrated control strategy, aiming at blocking its transmission, has been carried out throughout endemic areas since 2005. A longitudinal study was conducted to determine the effects of different intervention measures on the transmission dynamics of S. japonicum in three study areas and the data were analyzed using a multi-host model. The multi-host model was also used to estimate the threshold of Oncomelania snail density for interrupting schistosomiasis transmission based on the longitudinal data as well as data from the national surveillance system for schistosomiasis...
2016: Scientific Reports
Yuzheng Huang, Wei Li, Kun Liu, Chunrong Xiong, Peng Cao, Jianping Tao
Oncomelania hupensis snails along the Yangtze River and the low positive rate and infectiosity of human and livestock schistosomiasis still pose a threat to public health in China. Adult blood flukes were recognized as Schistosoma japonicum, which are found in the portal system of the sentinel mice bred in the laboratory for 35 days after contact with the water. However, 35 days was too long from the field test to dissection, and the dissection in the laboratory was also time-consuming and labor-intensive...
November 2016: Parasitology Research
Tao Xiong, Qin Ping Zhao, Xing Jian Xu, Rong Liu, Ming Sen Jiang, Hui Fen Dong
A preparation of niclosamide named 50 % wettable powder of niclosamide ethanolamine salt (WPN), the only chemical molluscicide available in China, has been widely used for Oncomelania hupensis control over the past 20 years, but its molluscicidal mechanism has not been elucidated yet. Recently, a derivative of niclosamide, the salt of quinoid-2',5-dichloro-4'-nitro-salicylanilide (Liu Dai Shui Yang An, LDS), has been proven to have equivalent molluscicidal effects as WPN but with lower cost and significantly lower toxicity to fish than WPN...
November 2016: Parasitology Research
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