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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866228/fine-mapping-of-the-chromosome-5b-region-carrying-closely-linked-rust-resistance-genes-yr47-and-lr52-in-wheat
#1
Naeela Qureshi, Harbans Bariana, Kerrie Forrest, Matthew Hayden, Beat Keller, Thomas Wicker, Justin Faris, Elena Salina, Urmil Bansal
Fine mapping of Yr47 and Lr52 in chromosome arm 5BS of wheat identified close linkage of the marker sun180 to both genes and its robustness for marker-assisted selection was demonstrated. The widely effective and genetically linked rust resistance genes Yr47 and Lr52 have previously been mapped in the short arm of chromosome 5B in two F3 populations (Aus28183/Aus27229 and Aus28187/Aus27229). The Aus28183/Aus27229 F3 population was advanced to generate an F6 recombinant inbred line (RIL) population to identify markers closely linked with Yr47 and Lr52...
November 19, 2016: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833630/de-novo-transcriptome-analysis-revealed-genes-involved-in-flavonoid-and-vitamin-c-biosynthesis-in-phyllanthus-emblica-l
#2
Avneesh Kumar, Sunil Kumar, Savita Bains, Vanya Vaidya, Baljinder Singh, Ravneet Kaur, Jagdeep Kaur, Kashmir Singh
Phyllanthus emblica is an affluent source of various therapeutic components. A few of them like vitamin C and flavonoids are predominant bioactive compounds that are being used in immense pharmacological applications. In-spite of numerous applications, the genomic information of this plant was limited to a few expressed sequence tags (ESTs) in DNA databases. Herein, we developed in-depth transcriptome information of P. emblica using Illumina Hiseq 2000 platform and characterized. A total of 31,285,965 high-quality reads were assembled into 91,288 contigs with the N50 value 358...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827007/genomic-and-transcriptomic-resources-for-marker-development-in-synchytrium-endobioticum-an-elusive-but-severe-potato-pathogen
#3
Friederike Busse, Annette Bartkiewicz, Diro Terefe-Ayana, Frank Niepold, Yvonne Schleusner, Kerstin Flath, Nicole Sommerfeldt-Impe, Jens Lübeck, Josef Strahwald, Eckhard Tacke, Hans-Reinhard Hofferbert, Marcus Linde, Jarosław Przetakiewicz, Thomas Debener
Synchytrium endobioticum is an obligate biotrophic fungus that causes wart diseases in potato. Like other species of the Chytridiomycetes it does not form mycelia and its zoospores are small, approximately 3µm in diameter, which complicate the detection of early stages of infection. Furthermore, potato wart disease is difficult to control as belowground organs are infected and resting spores of the fungus are extremely durable. S. endobioticum is thus classified as a quarantine organism. More than 40 S. endobioticum pathotypes have been reported, of which pathotypes 1(D1), 2(G1), 6(O1), 8(F1) and 18(T1) are the most important in Germany...
November 9, 2016: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813587/development-and-characterization-of-novel-est-ssr-markers-and-their-application-for-genetic-diversity-analysis-of-jerusalem-artichoke-helianthus-tuberosus-l
#4
T Mornkham, P P Wangsomnuk, X C Mo, F O Francisco, L Z Gao, H Kurzweil
Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) is a perennial tuberous plant and a traditional inulin-rich crop in Thailand. It has become the most important source of inulin and has great potential for use in chemical and food industries. In this study, expressed sequence tag (EST)-based simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were developed from 40,362 Jerusalem artichoke ESTs retrieved from the NCBI database. Among 23,691 non-redundant identified ESTs, 1949 SSR motifs harboring 2 to 6 nucleotides with varied repeat motifs were discovered from 1676 assembled sequences...
October 24, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813565/development-of-est-ssr-markers-in-the-relict-tree-davidia-involucrata-davidiaceae-using-transcriptome-sequencing
#5
Z C Long, A W Gichira, J M Chen, Q F Wang, K Liao
Davidia involucrata, reputed to be a "living fossil" in the plant kingdom, is a relict tree endemic to China. Extant natural populations are diminishing due to anthropogenic disturbance. In order to understand its ability to survive in a range of climatic conditions and to design conservation strategies for this endangered species, we developed genic simple sequence repeats (SSRs) from mRNA transcripts. In total, 142,950 contigs were assembled. Of these, 30,411 genic SSR loci were discovered and 12,208 primer pairs were designed...
October 17, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785384/development-and-characterization-of-novel-est-ssr-markers-for-speranskia-tuberculata-euphorbiaceae
#6
Yi Fu, Miao-Miao Ju, Huan-Cheng Ma, Pei-Yao Xin, Cheng-Zhong He, Dong-Rui Jia, Bin Tian
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The first set of expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers were developed and characterized for Speranskia tuberculata (Euphorbiaceae), a traditional medicinal plant endemic to northern China, to explore the effects of recent habitat fragmentation on the genetic diversity and structure of this species. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, a total of 18 novel polymorphic microsatellite (EST-SSR) markers were developed for S...
October 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785382/isolation-and-identification-of-est-ssr-markers-in-chunia-bucklandioides-hamamelidaceae
#7
Kaikai Meng, Mingwan Li, Qiang Fan, Weizheng Tan, Jian Sun, Wenbo Liao, Sufang Chen
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Chunia bucklandioides (Hamamelidaceae), endemic to Hainan, China, is listed as threatened in the IUCN Red List and is now only found on Mt. Diaoluo and Mt. Jianfeng. Thus, microsatellite markers were developed for future conservation genetic studies of this species. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 115 primers were designed on the basis of the transcriptome data of C. bucklandioides. Of them, 59 successfully amplified in C. bucklandioides and polymorphisms were detected in 11; the number of alleles per locus varied from two to five, the observed heterozygosity ranged from 0...
October 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669004/development-and-characterization-of-genic-ssr-markers-from-indian-mulberry-transcriptome-and-their-transferability-to-related-species-of-moraceae
#8
B Mathi Thumilan, R S Sajeevan, Jyoti Biradar, T Madhuri, Karaba N Nataraja, Sheshshayee M Sreeman
Improving mulberry leaf production with enhanced leaf quality holds the key to sustain the ever increasing demand for silk. Adoption of modern genomic approaches for crop improvement is severely constrained by the lack of sufficient molecular markers in mulberry. Here, we report development and validation of 206 EST derived SSR markers using transcriptome data generated from leaf tissue of a drought tolerant mulberry genotype, Dudia white. Analysis of transcriptome data containing 10169 EST sequences, revealed 1469 sequences with microsatellite repeat motifs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659323/a-deep-sequencing-analysis-of-transcriptomes-and-the-development-of-est-ssr-markers-in-mungbean-vigna-radiata
#9
Changyou Liu, Baojie Fan, Zhimin Cao, Qiuzhu Su, Yan Wang, Zhixiao Zhang, Jing Wu, Jing Tian
Mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) is one of the most important leguminous food crops in Asia. We employed Illumina paired-end sequencing to analyse transcriptomes of three different mungbean genotypes. A total of 38.3-39.8 million pairedend reads with 73 bp lengths were generated. The pooled reads from the three libraries were assembled into 56,471 transcripts. Following a cluster analysis, 43,293 unigenes were obtained with an average length of 739 bp and N50 length of 1176 bp. Of the unigenes, 34,903 (80...
September 2016: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635342/transcriptome-analysis-of-colored-calla-lily-zantedeschia-rehmannii-engl-by-illumina-sequencing-de-novo-assembly-annotation-and-est-ssr-marker-development
#10
Zunzheng Wei, Zhenzhen Sun, Binbin Cui, Qixiang Zhang, Min Xiong, Xian Wang, Di Zhou
Colored calla lily is the short name for the species or hybrids in section Aestivae of genus Zantedeschia. It is currently one of the most popular flower plants in the world due to its beautiful flower spathe and long postharvest life. However, little genomic information and few molecular markers are available for its genetic improvement. Here, de novo transcriptome sequencing was performed to produce large transcript sequences for Z. rehmannii cv. 'Rehmannii' using an Illumina HiSeq 2000 instrument. More than 59...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631966/de-novo-transcriptomic-analysis-and-development-of-est-ssr-markers-in-the-siberian-tiger-panthera-tigris-altaica
#11
Taofeng Lu, Yujiao Sun, Qin Ma, Minghao Zhu, Dan Liu, Jianzhang Ma, Yuehui Ma, Hongyan Chen, Weijun Guan
The Siberian tiger, Panthera tigris altaica, is an endangered species, and much more work is needed to protect this species, which is still vulnerable to extinction. Conservation efforts may be supported by the genetic assessment of wild populations, for which highly specific microsatellite markers are required. However, only a limited amount of genetic sequence data is available for this species. To identify the genes involved in the lung transcriptome and to develop additional simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for the Siberian tiger, we used high-throughput RNA-Seq to characterize the Siberian tiger transcriptome in lung tissue (designated 'PTA-lung') and a pooled tissue sample (designated 'PTA')...
September 8, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610274/development-and-characterization-of-29-polymorphic-est-ssr-markers-for-stipa-purpurea-poaceae
#12
Xin Yin, Yunqiang Yang, Yongping Yang
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers were developed using Illumina sequencing for further genetic diversity studies of Stipa purpurea (Poaceae). METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-nine polymorphic and eight monomorphic EST-SSR loci were developed and characterized in 90 individuals from nine S. purpurea populations. The number of alleles per locus ranged from two to 13, and heterozygosity within populations and total heterozygosity ranged from 0...
August 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553669/de-novo-assembly-and-characterization-of-the-floral-transcriptome-of-an-economically-important-tree-species-lindera-glauca-lauraceae-including-the-development-of-est-ssr-markers-for-population-genetics
#13
Shanshan Zhu, Yanqian Ding, Zhaoyan Yap, Yingxiong Qiu
Lindera glauca (Lauraceae) is an economically important East Asian forest tree characterized by a dioecy in China and apomixis in Japan. However, patterns of population genetic diversity and structure of this species remain unknown for this species due to a lack of efficient molecular markers. In this study, we employed Illumina sequencing to analyze the transcriptomes of the female and male flower buds of L. glauca. We retrieved 59,753 and 75,075 unigenes for the female and male buds, respectively. Based on sequence similarity, 44,379 (74...
November 2016: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525847/development-of-expressed-sequence-tag-based-microsatellite-markers-for-the-critically-endangered-iso%C3%A3-tes-sinensis-isoetaceae-based-on-transcriptome-analysis
#14
A W Gichira, Z C Long, Q F Wang, J M Chen, K Liao
Isoëtes sinensis is a critically endangered quillwort. To facilitate studies on the conservation genetics of this species, we developed expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers. A total of 50,063 unigenes were predicted by transcriptome sequencing, 5294 (10.6%) of which significantly matched 3011 Gene Ontology annotations and 2363 were assigned to Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes metabolic pathways. Most of these (2297) were involved in metabolism. A total of 1982 SSR motifs were identified, with trinucleotides being the dominant repeat motif, and 1438 (72...
2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27488242/first-genetic-linkage-map-of-taraxacum-koksaghyz-rodin-based-on-aflp-ssr-cos-and-est-ssr-markers
#15
Marina Arias, Monica Hernandez, Naroa Remondegui, Koen Huvenaars, Peter van Dijk, Enrique Ritter
Taraxacum koksaghyz Rodin (TKS) has been studied in many occasions as a possible alternative source for natural rubber production of good quality and for inulin production. Some tire companies are already testing TKS tire prototypes. There are also many investigations on the production of bio-fuels from inulin and inulin applications for health improvement and in the food industry. A limited amount of genomic resources exist for TKS and particularly no genetic linkage map is available in this species. We have constructed the first TKS genetic linkage map based on AFLP, COS, SSR and EST-SSR markers...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465295/de-novo-transcriptome-sequencing-facilitates-genomic-resource-generation-in-tinospora-cordifolia
#16
Rakesh Singh, Rajesh Kumar, Ajay Kumar Mahato, Ritu Paliwal, Amit Kumar Singh, Sundeep Kumar, Soma S Marla, Ashok Kumar, Nagendra K Singh
Tinospora cordifolia is known for its medicinal properties owing to the presence of useful constituents such as terpenes, glycosides, steroids, alkaloids, and flavonoids belonging to secondary metabolism origin. However, there is little information available pertaining to critical genomic elements (ESTs, molecular markers) necessary for judicious exploitation of its germplasm. We employed 454 GS-FLX pyrosequencing of entire transcripts and altogether ∼25 K assembled transcripts or Expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were identified...
September 2016: Functional & Integrative Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27458467/genetic-linkage-map-construction-and-qtl-analysis-of-two-interspecific-reproductive-isolation-traits-in-sponge-gourd
#17
Haibin Wu, Xiaoli He, Hao Gong, Shaobo Luo, Mingzhu Li, Junqiu Chen, Changyuan Zhang, Ting Yu, Wangping Huang, Jianning Luo
The hybrids between Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb. and L.cylindrica (L.) Roem. have strong heterosis effects. However, some reproductive isolation traits hindered their normal hybridization and fructification, which was mainly caused by the flowering time and hybrid pollen sterility. In order to study the genetic basis of two interspecific reproductive isolation traits, we constructed a genetic linkage map using an F2 population derived from a cross between S1174 [L. acutangula (L.) Roxb.] and 93075 [L. cylindrica (L...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437174/development-of-est-ssr-markers-for-the-invasive-plant-tithonia-diversifolia-asteraceae
#18
Landi Luo, Pin Zhang, Xiaokun Ou, Yupeng Geng
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Tithonia diversifolia (Asteraceae) is an invasive plant species that can outcompete natives and thus poses a great threat to biodiversity in introduced areas. Here, expressed sequence tag-simple sequence repeat (EST-SSR) markers were developed and characterized. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixteen polymorphic microsatellite loci were isolated from T. diversifolia using transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatic screening. The number of alleles per locus varied from two to four alleles in 48 individuals from three populations...
July 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389023/in-silico-search-characterization-and-validation-of-new-est-ssr-markers-in-the-genus-prunus
#19
Karim Sorkheh, Angela S Prudencio, Azim Ghebinejad, Mehrana Kohei Dehkordi, Deniz Erogul, Manuel Rubio, Pedro Martínez-Gómez
BACKGROUND: Simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are defined as sequence repeat units between 1 and 6 bp that occur in both coding and non-coding regions abundant in eukaryotic genomes, which may affect the expression of genes. In this study, expressed sequence tags (ESTs) of eight Prunus species were analyzed for in silico mining of EST-SSRs, protein annotation, and open reading frames (ORFs), and the identification of codon repetitions. RESULTS: A total of 316 SSRs were identified using MISA software...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379163/development-of-ssr-markers-and-assessment-of-genetic-diversity-in-medicinal-chrysanthemum-morifolium-cultivars
#20
Shangguo Feng, Renfeng He, Jiangjie Lu, Mengying Jiang, Xiaoxia Shen, Yan Jiang, Zhi'an Wang, Huizhong Wang
Chrysanthemum morifolium, is a well-known flowering plant worldwide, and has a high commercial, floricultural, and medicinal value. In this study, simple-sequence repeat (SSR) markers were generated from EST datasets and were applied to assess the genetic diversity among 32 cultivars. A total of 218 in silico SSR loci were identified from 7300 C. morifolium ESTs retrieved from GenBank. Of all SSR loci, 61.47% of them (134) were hexa-nucleotide repeats, followed by tri-nucleotide repeats (17.89%), di-nucleotide repeats (12...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
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