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Jean-Benoît Arlet, Flavia Guillem, Mathilde Lamarque, Michael Dussiot, Thiago Maciel, Ivan Moura, Olivier Hermine, Geneviève Courtois
Major advances have been recently made in understanding the molecular determinants of dyserythropoiesis, particularly due to recent works in β-thalassemia. The purpose of this review is devoted to underline the role of some proteins recently evidenced in the field, that may be new alternative therapeutic targets in the near future to alleviate different types of anemia. Areas covered: This review covers the contemporary aspects of some proteins involved in various types of dyserythropoiesis, including the transcriptional factor GATA-1 and its protective chaperone HSP70, but also cytokines of the transforming growth factor beta (TFG-β) family, TGF-β1 and GDF-11, and hormones as erythroferrone...
October 6, 2016: Expert Review of Proteomics
Katja Walpurgis, Andreas Thomas, Matthias Vogel, Christian Reichel, Hans Geyer, Wilhelm Schänzer, Mario Thevis
Sotatercept (formerly ACE-011) is a glycosylated, dimeric fusion protein composed of the extracellular domain of the human activin receptor type IIA (ActRIIA) and the Fc region of human IgG1. The protein-based drug candidate acts as a ligand trap which competitively binds to activin A and other members of the transforming growth factor beta superfamily, thus blocking signalling through ActRIIA. Since the inhibition of activin A was found to significantly increase bone formation and quality, Sotatercept was originally developed for the treatment of diseases involving bone loss...
September 20, 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Holger Schmid, Wolfgang Jelkmann
INTRODUCTION: The main pillars for the treatment of chronic kidney disease (CKD) associated anemia are peptidic erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) and iron preparations. Both approaches benefit from long-term efficacy and safety data but are surrounded by clinical and economic concerns, driving the search for novel anti-anemic drugs. AREAS COVERED: By answering pivotal questions, the authors describe the recent developments of next generation ESAs, introduce cutting-edge iron formulations and focus on investigational approaches that interact with pathways involved in erythropoietin (Epo) synthesis and myeloid hematopoiesis...
August 2016: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
Mario Thevis, Wilhelm Schänzer
RATIONALE: A plethora of compounds potentially leading to drug candidates that affect skeletal muscle function and, more specifically, mitochondrial biogenesis, has been under (pre)clinical investigation for rare as well as more common diseases. Some of these compounds could be the object of misuse by athletes aiming at artificial and/or illicit and drug-facilitated performance enhancement, necessitating preventive and proactive anti-doping measures. METHODS: Early warnings and the continuous retrieval and dissemination of information are crucial for sports drug testing laboratories as well as anti-doping authorities, as they assist in preparation of efficient doping control analytical strategies for potential future threats arising from new therapeutic developments...
March 15, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
Haralambos Raftopoulos, Abderrahmane Laadem, Paul J Hesketh, Jerome Goldschmidt, Nashat Gabrail, Cynthia Osborne, Muhammad Ali, Matthew L Sherman, Ding Wang, John A Glaspy, Marie Puccio-Pick, Jun Zou, Jeffrey Crawford
PURPOSE: Sotatercept may represent a novel approach to the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia (CIA). We report the results from two phase 2 randomized studies examining the use of sotatercept for the treatment of CIA in patients with metastatic cancer. METHODS: In study A011-08, patients with metastatic breast cancer were randomized to 2:2:2:1 to receive sotatercept 0.1, 0.3, or 0.5 mg/kg, or placebo, respectively, every 28 days. In study ACE-011-NSCL-001, patients with solid tumors treated with platinum-based chemotherapy received sotatercept 15 or 30 mg every 42 days...
April 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Jason Ear, Haigen Huang, Tianna Wilson, Zahra Tehrani, Anne Lindgren, Victoria Sung, Abderrahmane Laadem, Thomas O Daniel, Rajesh Chopra, Shuo Lin
Diamond-Blackfan Anemia (DBA) is a bone marrow failure disorder characterized by low red blood cell count. Mutations in ribosomal protein genes have been identified in approximately half of all DBA cases. Corticosteriod therapy and bone marrow transplantation are common treatment options for patients; however, significant risks and complications are associated with these treatment options. Therefore, novel therapeutic approaches are needed for treating DBA. Sotatercept (ACE-011, and its murine ortholog RAP-011) acts as an activin receptor type IIA ligand trap, increasing hemoglobin and hematocrit in pharmacologic models, in healthy volunteers, and in patients with β-thalassemia, by expanding late-stage erythroblasts through a mechanism distinct from erythropoietin...
August 13, 2015: Blood
Attaya Suvannasankha, John M Chirgwin
Skeletal metastases are an incurable complication afflicting the majority of patients who die from advanced breast cancer. They are most often osteolytic, characterized by net bone destruction and suppressed new bone formation. Life expectancy from first diagnosis of breast cancer bone metastases is several years, during which time skeletal-related events - including pain, fracture, hypercalcemia, and spinal cord compression - significantly degrade quality of life. The bone marrow niche can also confer hormonal and chemo-resistance...
2014: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Philippe Joly, Corinne Pondarre, Catherine Badens
Beta-thalassemia is one of most common autosomal recessive disorders worldwide. In France, 5 to 10 new major or intermedia forms are diagnosed annually and the global prevalence is about 500 cases. Since 20 years and thanks to the generalization of iron chelator treatments, the life expectancy has dramatically increased. Nearly 90% of the β-thalassemic alleles are point mutations easily identified by Sanger sequencing or dedicated methods. The remaining 10% are deletions detectable by MLPA or CGH Array. The alpha-globin genotype is also essential in the exploration of beta-thalassemia because an alpha-thalassemia improves the clinical state whereas an alpha triplication worsens it...
November 2014: Annales de Biologie Clinique
Jacqueline M Langdon, Sangjucta Barkataki, Alan E Berger, Chris Cheadle, Qian-Li Xue, Victoria Sung, Cindy N Roy
Over expression of hepcidin antimicrobial peptide is a common feature of iron-restricted anemia in humans. We investigated the erythroid response to either erythropoietin or RAP-011, a "murinized" ortholog of sotatercept, in C57BL/6 mice and in hepcidin antimicrobial peptide 1 over expressing mice. Sotatercept, a soluble, activin receptor type IIA ligand trap, is currently being evaluated for the treatment of anemias associated with chronic renal disease, myelodysplastic syndrome, β-thalassemia, and Diamond Blackfan anemia and acts by inhibiting signaling downstream of activin and other Transforming Growth Factor-β superfamily members...
January 2015: American Journal of Hematology
Wolfgang Jelkmann
Recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo, epoetin) has proved beneficial in preventing transfusion-dependent anaemia in patients with chronic kidney disease. Apart from copied epoetins distributed in less regulated markets, 'biosimilar' epoetins have gained currency in many regions, where they compete with the originals and with rhEpo analogues with prolonged survival in circulation ('biobetter'). Recombinant erythropoiesis stimulating agents are potent and well tolerated. However, their production is costly, and they must be administered by the parenteral route...
April 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Kudrat M Abdulkadyrov, Galina N Salogub, Nuriet K Khuazheva, Matthew L Sherman, Abderrahmane Laadem, Rachel Barger, Robert Knight, Shankar Srinivasan, Evangelos Terpos
This phase IIa study evaluated the safety and tolerability of sotatercept, and its effects on bone metabolism and haematopoiesis in newly diagnosed and relapsed multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Patients were randomized (4:1) to receive four 28-d cycles of sotatercept (0·1, 0·3, or 0·5 mg/kg) or placebo. Patients also received six cycles of combination oral melphalan, prednisolone, and thalidomide (MPT). Thirty patients were enrolled; six received placebo and 24 received sotatercept. Overall, 25% of patients received all four sotatercept doses; 71% of sotatercept-treated patients had ≥1 dose interruption mainly due to increases in haemoglobin levels...
June 2014: British Journal of Haematology
Soraya Carrancio, Jennifer Markovics, Piu Wong, Jim Leisten, Paola Castiglioni, Matthew C Groza, Heather K Raymon, Carla Heise, Tom Daniel, Rajesh Chopra, Victoria Sung
Sotatercept (ACE-011), a recombinant human fusion protein containing the extracellular domain of the human Activin receptor IIA, binds to and inhibits activin and other members of the transforming growth factor -β (TGF-β) superfamily. Administration of sotatercept led to a rapid and sustained increase in red blood cell (RBC) count and haemoglobin (Hb) in healthy volunteers (phase I clinical trials), but the mechanism is not fully understood. Mice treated with RAP-011 (murine ortholog of ACE-011) respond with a rapid (within 24 h) increase in haematocrit, Hb, and RBC count...
June 2014: British Journal of Haematology
Evangelos Terpos, James Berenson, Noopur Raje, G David Roodman
Osteolytic bone disease is the most common complication of multiple myeloma, resulting in skeletal complications that cause significant morbidity and mortality. Currently, bisphosphonates (BPs) are the mainstay for the treatment of myeloma bone disease. Zoledronic acid which has been found to be superior to clodronate, both in terms of reduction of skeletal-related events (SREs) and survival, and pamidronate are used for the management of myeloma-related bone disease. Patients with active disease (not in CR or VGPR) should receive BPs (especially zoledronic acid) even after two years of administration...
February 2014: Expert Review of Hematology
Matthew L Sherman, Niels G Borgstein, Louisa Mook, Dawn Wilson, Yijun Yang, Nianhang Chen, Ravindra Kumar, Kenneth Kim, Abderrahmane Laadem
Ligands of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily and activin-receptor signaling play an important role in erythropoiesis. Sotatercept, an activin receptor type IIA (ActRIIA) ligand trap, is a novel, recombinant, fusion protein comprising the extracellular domain of human ActRIIA linked to the Fc portion of human immunoglobulin G1. Sotatercept, originally developed to increase bone mineral density, was noted to have robust effects on erythropoiesis. Here, we evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetic properties, and pharmacodynamic effects of sotatercept in 31 healthy postmenopausal women...
November 2013: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Lohith Bachegowda, Oleg Gligich, Ionnis Mantzaris, Carolina Schinke, Dale Wyville, Tatiana Carrillo, Ira Braunschweig, Ulrich Steidl, Amit Verma
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of hematologic disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis that results in reduced blood counts. Although MDS can transform into leukemia, most of the morbidity experienced by these patients is due to chronically low blood counts. Conventional cytotoxic agents used to treat MDS have yielded some encouraging results but are characterized by many adverse effects in the predominantly elderly patient population. Targeted interventions aimed at reversing the bone marrow failure and increasing the peripheral blood counts would be advantageous in this cohort of patients...
2013: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Camelia Iancu-Rubin, Goar Mosoyan, Jiapeng Wang, Thomas Kraus, Victoria Sung, Ronald Hoffman
Red cell production is primarily determined by the action of erythropoietin. Additional erythropoiesis-regulatory factors include molecules and cellular interactions occurring within the bone marrow (BM) microenvironment. Sotatercept (ACE-011) is an activin receptor ligand trap that binds several members of the TGF-β superfamily. Treatment with ACE-011 reverses bone loss and reduces the degree of osteoporosis, but it is accompanied by elevated hemoglobin and hematocrit levels. The mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of ACE-011 on red cell production remain unknown...
February 2013: Experimental Hematology
Scott Z Fields, Shiroo Parshad, Madhurima Anne, Haralambos Raftopoulos, Mark J Alexander, Matthew L Sherman, Abderrahmane Laadem, Victoria Sung, Evangelos Terpos
INTRODUCTION: Antagonists of activin receptor signaling may be beneficial for cancer-related anemia and bone disease caused by malignancies such as multiple myeloma and solid tumors. AREAS COVERED: We review evidence of dysregulated signaling by activin receptor pathways in anemia, myeloma-associated osteolysis, and metastatic bone disease, as well as potential involvement in carcinogenesis. We then review properties of activin receptor antagonists in clinical development...
January 2013: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs
M Engelhardt, M Kleber, J Udi, R Wäsch
Multiple myeloma (MM) ranges second of all hematological malignancies and occurs most commonly in elderly patients. Almost all MM patients develop bone lesions in the course of their disease or have evidence of bone loss at initial diagnosis. Whole-body conventional radiography remains the gold standard in the diagnostic evaluation, albeit computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are increasingly used as complementary techniques in the more sensitive detection of osteolytic processes. Bisphosphonates like zoledronate or pamidronate represent the cornerstone therapeutics in osteolytic disease, and are effective supportives to potent anti-myeloma therapies, including novel agents such as the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib or immunomodulatory drugs (IMIDs, e...
May 2012: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
E Terpos, E Kastritis, D Christoulas, M Gkotzamanidou, E Eleutherakis-Papaiakovou, N Kanellias, A Papatheodorou, M A Dimopoulos
BACKGROUND: Activin-A is a transforming growth factor -β superfamily member, which seems to be implicated in the biology of osteolytic disease in multiple myeloma. DESIGN AND METHODS: Circulating activin-A was evaluated in 98 newly diagnosed myeloma patients (85 with symptomatic disease), in 40 patients with relapsed myeloma before and after four cycles of lenalidomide and dexamethasone (RD), in 27 healthy controls and in 10 monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance patients...
October 2012: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Evangelos Terpos, Lia A Moulopoulos, Meletios A Dimopoulos
Osteolytic disease is a major complication of multiple myeloma that may lead to devastating skeletal-related events (SREs). Conventional radiography remains the gold standard for the evaluation of bone disease in patients with myeloma. However, whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is recommended in patients with normal conventional radiography and should be performed as part of staging in all patients with a solitary plasmacytoma of bone. Urgent MRI is also the diagnostic procedure of choice to assess suspected cord compression, whereas computed tomography can guide tissue biopsy...
May 10, 2011: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
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