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scoring laparotomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431416/caring-for-critically-injured-children-an-analysis-of-56-pediatric-damage-control-laparotomies
#1
Miguel A Villalobos, Joshua P Hazelton, Rachel L Choron, Lisa Capano-Wehrle, Krystal Hunter, John P Gaughan, Steven E Ross, Mark J Seamon
BACKGROUND: Injury is the leading cause of death in children under 18 years. Damage control principles have been extensively studied in adults but remain relatively unstudied in children. Our primary study objective was to evaluate the use of damage control laparotomy (DCL) in critically injured children. METHODS: An American College of Surgeons-verified Level 1 trauma center review (1996-2013) of pediatric trauma laparotomies was undertaken. Exclusion criteria included: age older than 18 years, laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome or delayed longer than 2 hours after admission...
May 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404067/continuous-wound-infiltration-versus-epidural-analgesia-after-hepato-pancreato-biliary-surgery-pop-up-a-randomised-controlled-open-label-non-inferiority-trial
#2
Timothy H Mungroop, Denise P Veelo, Olivier R Busch, Susan van Dieren, Thomas M van Gulik, Tom M Karsten, Steve M de Castro, Marc B Godfried, Bram Thiel, Markus W Hollmann, Philipp Lirk, Marc G Besselink
BACKGROUND: Epidural analgesia is the international standard for pain treatment in abdominal surgery. Although some studies have advocated continuous wound infiltration with local anaesthetics, robust evidence is lacking, especially on patient-reported outcome measures. We aimed to determine the effectiveness of continuous wound infiltration in hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery. METHODS: In this randomised controlled, open label, non-inferiority trial (POP-UP), we enrolled adult patients undergoing hepato-pancreato-biliary surgery by subcostal or midline laparotomy in two Dutch hospitals...
October 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404014/incidence-and-enteral-feed-antecedents-of-severe-neonatal-necrotising-enterocolitis-across-neonatal-networks-in-england-2012-13-a-whole-population-surveillance-study
#3
Cheryl Battersby, Nick Longford, Sundhiya Mandalia, Kate Costeloe, Neena Modi
BACKGROUND: Necrotising enterocolitis is a neonatal gastrointestinal inflammatory disease with high mortality and severe morbidity. This disorder is growing in global relevance as birth rates and survival of babies with low gestational age improve. Population data are scant and pathogenesis is incompletely understood, but enteral feed exposures are believed to affect risk. We aimed to quantify the national incidence of severe necrotising enterocolitis, describe variation across neonatal networks, and investigate enteral feeding-related antecedents of severe necrotising enterocolitis...
January 2017: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396721/resection-of-complex-pancreatic-injuries-benchmarking-postoperative-complications-using-the-accordion-classification
#4
Jake E Krige, Eduard Jonas, Sandie R Thomson, Urda K Kotze, Mashiko Setshedi, Pradeep H Navsaria, Andrew J Nicol
AIM: To benchmark severity of complications using the Accordion Severity Grading System (ASGS) in patients undergoing operation for severe pancreatic injuries. METHODS: A prospective institutional database of 461 patients with pancreatic injuries treated from 1990 to 2015 was reviewed. One hundred and thirty patients with AAST grade 3, 4 or 5 pancreatic injuries underwent resection (pancreatoduodenectomy, n = 20, distal pancreatectomy, n = 110), including 30 who had an initial damage control laparotomy (DCL) and later definitive surgery...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394751/practice-patterns-for-the-use-of-antibiotic-agents-in-damage-control-laparotomy-and-its-impact-on-outcomes
#5
Stephanie R Goldberg, Jennifer Henning, Luke G Wolfe, Therese M Duane
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify practice patterns associated with the use of antimicrobial agents with damage control laparotomy (DCL) and the relationship with post-operative intra-abdominal infection (IAI) rates. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was a retrospective review of trauma patients undergoing laparotomy at a Level 1 trauma center in 2010. Patients undergoing DCL versus those primarily closed (PCL) were compared for antimicrobial use (ABX) and its correlation with IAI rates (p < 0...
April 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391455/level-of-digitization-in-dutch-hospitals-and-the-lengths-of-stay-of-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#6
Rube van Poelgeest, Julia T van Groningen, John H Daniels, Kit C Roes, Theo Wiggers, Michel W Wouters, Guus Schrijvers
A substantial amount of research has been published on the association between the use of electronic medical records (EMRs) and quality outcomes in U.S. hospitals, while limited research has focused on the Western European experience. The purpose of this study is to explore the association between the use of EMR technologies in Dutch hospitals and length of stay after colorectal cancer surgery. Two data sets were leveraged for this study; the HIMSS Analytics Electronic Medical Record Adoption Model (EMRAM(SM)) and the Dutch surgical colorectal audit (DSCA)...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357561/laparoendoscopic-single-site-surgery-versus-conventional-laparoscopy-for-hysterectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Evelien M Sandberg, Claire F la Chapelle, Marjolein M van den Tweel, Jan W Schoones, Frank Willem Jansen
PURPOSE: To assess the safety and effectiveness of LESS compared to conventional hysterectomy. METHODS: The systematic review and meta-analysis was performed according to the MOOSE guideline, and quality of evidence was assessed using GRADE. Different databases were searched up to 4th of August 2016. Randomized controlled trials and cohort studies comparing LESS to the conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy were considered for inclusion. RESULTS: Of the 668 unique articles, 23 were found relevant...
March 29, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349317/trends-in-procedures-at-major-trauma-centres-in-new-south-wales-australia-an-analysis-of-state-wide-trauma-data
#8
Matthew Oliver, Michael M Dinh, Kate Curtis, Royce Paschkewitz, Oran Rigby, Zsolt J Balogh
OBJECTIVES: To describe the trend in major trauma surgical procedures and interventional radiology in major trauma patients in Australia over the past 6 years. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of adult major trauma (Injury Severity Score greater than 15) patients using the New South Wales Statewide Trauma Registry between 2009 and 2014. Major trauma surgical procedures were classified into abdominal, neurosurgery, cardiothoracic and interventional radiology...
March 27, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344959/surgical-technique-for-single-port-laparoscopy-in-huge-ovarian-tumors-sw-kim-s-technique-and-comparison-to-laparotomy
#9
Jeong Sook Kim, In Ok Lee, Kyung Jin Eoh, Young Shin Chung, Inha Lee, Jung-Yun Lee, Eun Ji Nam, Sunghoon Kim, Young Tae Kim, Sang Wun Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to introduce a method to remove huge ovarian tumors (≥15 cm) intact with single-port laparoscopic surgery (SPLS) using SW Kim's technique and to compare the surgical outcomes with those of laparotomy. METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed for patients who underwent either SPLS (n=21) with SW Kim's technique using a specially designed 30×30-cm(2)-sized 3XL LapBag or laparotomy (n=22) for a huge ovarian tumor from December 2008 to May 2016...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321558/a-novel-scoring-system-for-diagnosing-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-in-the-emergency-ward
#10
Zhen Wang, Jun-Qiang Chen, Jin-Lu Liu, Lei Tian
BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) based on clinical judgment has been proved to be too difficult. Therefore, it is important for identifying clinical parameters that can differentiate AMI from other acute abdomen upon presentation. METHODS: We analyzed a database of 106 consecutive patients admitted to the emergency ward for suspected AMI in whom diagnosis of AMI was confirmed by laparotomy, CT angiography or mesenteric angiography. The patients' demographics, previous history, clinical signs, results of laboratory investigations and ultrasonography were collected...
March 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290726/comparison-of-single-incision-and-conventional-laparoscopic-surgery-for-benign-adnexal-masses
#11
Yetkin Karasu, Burak Akselim, Duygu Kavak Cömert, Yusuf Ergün, Kahraman Ülker
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to compare single incision and conventional laparoscopic surgeries performed for benign adnexal masses with regard to their intraoperative characteristics and postoperative pain levels. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The main outcome measures were laparoscopic entry time, total operation time, amount of bleeding, intraoperative complications, post-operative pain scores, additional analgesic requirements, and length of hospital stay. RESULTS: A total of 71 women, 39 in the conventional laparoscopy group and 32 in the SILS group, participated in the study...
March 14, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282004/five-year-retrospective-review-of-blunt-renal-injuries-at-a-level-i-trauma-center
#12
Jessica Burns, Megan Brown, Zakaria I Assi, Eric J Ferguson
We report the experience of a Level I trauma center in the management of blunt renal injury during a 5-year period, with special attention to those treated using angiography with embolization. The institutional trauma registry was queried for all patients with blunt renal injury between September 1, 2009 and August 30, 2014. Each injury was graded using the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma guidelines. Patients that underwent angiography with embolization were reviewed for case-specific information including imaging findings, treatment, materials used, clinical course, and mortality...
February 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281433/a-randomised-trial-comparing-laparoscopy-with-laparotomy-in-the-management-of-women-with-ruptured-ectopic-pregnancy
#13
L Snyman, T Makulana, J D Makin
BACKGROUND: Ruptured ectopic pregnancy (REP) is a common gynaecological emergency in resource-poor settings, where laparotomy is the standard treatment despite laparoscopic surgery being regarded as the optimal treatment. There is a lack of prospective randomised data comparing laparoscopic surgery with laparotomy in the surgical management of women with REP. OBJECTIVE: To compare operative laparoscopy with laparotomy in women with REP. METHODS: This was a randomised parallel study...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281121/short-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-vs-open-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-adenoma-a-multicenter-propensity-score-adjustment-analysis-by-the-afc-hca-2013-study-group
#14
Filippo Landi, Nicola De' Angelis, Olivier Scatton, Xavier Vidal, Ahmet Ayav, Fabrice Muscari, Safi Dokmak, Guido Torzilli, Nicolas Demartines, Olivier Soubrane, Daniel Cherqui, Jean Hardwigsen, Alexis Laurent
BACKGROUND: Patients with hepatocellular adenomas are, in selected cases, candidates for liver resection, which can be approached via laparoscopy or laparotomy. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the surgical approach on the postoperative morbidities of both minor and major liver resections. METHODS: In this multi-institutional study, all patients who underwent open or laparoscopic hepatectomies for hepatocellular adenomas between 1989 and 2013 in 27 European centers were retrospectively reviewed...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272849/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-in-penetrating-abdominal-trauma-a-prospective-single-center-pilot-study
#15
M R Moydien, R Oodit, S Chowdhury, S Edu, A J Nicol, P H Navsaria
BACKGROUND: Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programmes employed in elective surgery have provided strong evidence for decreased lengths of hospital stay without increase in postoperative complications. The aim of this study was to explore the role and benefits of ERAS implemented in patients undergoing emergency laparotomy for penetrating abdominal trauma. METHOD: Institutional University of Cape Town Human Research Ethics Committee (UCT-HREC) approved study...
November 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266590/predictive-factors-of-intestinal-necrosis-in-acute-mesenteric-ischemia-prospective-study-from-an-intestinal-stroke-center
#16
Alexandre Nuzzo, Leon Maggiori, Maxime Ronot, Aymeric Becq, Aurelie Plessier, Nathalie Gault, Francisca Joly, Yves Castier, Valerie Vilgrain, Catherine Paugam, Yves Panis, Yoram Bouhnik, Dominique Cazals-Hatem, Olivier Corcos
OBJECTIVES: To identify predictive factors for irreversible transmural intestinal necrosis (ITIN) in acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) and establish a risk score for ITIN. METHODS: This single-center prospective cohort study was performed between 2009 and 2015 in patients with AMI. The primary outcome was the occurrence of ITIN, confirmed by specimen analysis in patients who underwent surgery. Patients who recovered from AMI with no need for intestinal resection were considered not to have ITIN...
April 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259545/selective-nonoperative-management-of-abdominal-gunshot-wounds-from-heresy-to-adoption-a-multicenter-study-of-the-research-consortium-of-new-england-centers-for-trauma-reconect
#17
Thomas Peponis, George Kasotakis, Jielin Yu, Reginald Alouidor, Barbara Burkott, Adrian A Maung, Dirk C Johnson, Noelle Saillant, Heath Walden, Ali Salim, Elizabeth Bryant, Jon D Dorfman, Eric N Klein, Ronen Elefant, Maryam B Tabrizi, Nikolay Bugaev, Sandra S Arabian, George C Velmahos
BACKGROUND: Selective nonoperative management (SNOM) of abdominal gunshot wounds is being practiced in certain trauma centers, but its broader acceptance in the surgical community is unknown. We hypothesized that SNOM has been adopted in New England as an acceptable method of abdominal gunshot wound management. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed the medical records of abdominal gunshot wound patients admitted from January 1996 to June 2015, in 10 New England Level I and II trauma centers...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255629/validation-of-the-surgical-apgar-score-after-laparotomy-at-a-tertiary-referral-hospital-in-rwanda
#18
Christian Ngarambe, Blair J Smart, Neeraja Nagarajan, Jennifer Rickard
BACKGROUND: The surgical Apgar score (SAS) has demonstrated utility in predicting postoperative outcomes in a variety of surgical disciplines. However, there has not been a study validating the utility of the SAS in surgical patients in low-income countries. We conducted a prospective, observational study of patients undergoing laparotomy at a tertiary referral hospital in Rwanda and determined the ability of SAS to predict inpatient major complications and mortality. METHODS: All adult patients undergoing laparotomy in a tertiary referral hospital in Rwanda from October 2014 to January 2015 were included...
March 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253573/-clinical-comparative-analysis-of-comprehensive-laparoscopic-and-laparotomic-staging-of-early-stage-epithelial-ovarian-cancer
#19
W Xiong, L L Cao, L P Jiang, H Xia, Z Q Liang
Objective: To investigate the value of laparoscopy in comprehensive early ovarian cancer staging by comparing the feasibility and safety of laparoscopy and laparotomy in surgical staging of early-stage epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Methods: A total of 102 patients with EOC who underwent comprehensive laparoscopic (LPS group, n=71) or laparotomic (LPT group, n=31) staging at Southwest Hospital from November 2007 to November 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. The perioperative parameters, postoperative complication rate and the long-term curative effect were compared between the two groups...
February 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251021/prevention-of-intraabdominal-adhesions-an-experimental-study-using-mitomycin-c-and-4-icodextrin
#20
Murat Urkan, İsmail Hakkı Özerhan, Aytekin Ünlü, Mehmet Fatih Can, Erkan Öztürk, Armağan Günal, Gökhan Yağcı
BACKGROUND: Intraabdominal adhesions remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Moreover, intraabdominal adhesions can develop in more than 50% of abdominal operations. AIMS: We compared the anti-adhesive effects of two different agents on postoperative adhesion formation in a cecal abrasion model. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental animal study. METHODS: Forty Wistar albino type female rats were anesthetized and underwent laparotomy...
January 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
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