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antibody phage display

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434129/phage-displayed-peptides-that-mimic-epitopes-of-hepatitis-e-virus-capsid
#1
Osmany Larralde, Juraj Petrik
Hepatitis E is an emerging zoonotic infection of increasing public health threat for the UK, especially for immunosuppressed individuals. A human recombinant vaccine has been licensed only in China and is not clear whether it protects against hepatitis E virus (HEV) genotype 3, the most prevalent in Europe. The aim of this study was to use phage display technology as a tool to identify peptides that mimic epitopes of HEV capsid (mimotopes). We identified putative linear and conformational mimotopes using sera from Scottish blood donors that have the immunological imprint of past HEV infection...
April 22, 2017: Medical Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428153/development-of-polyol-responsive-antibody-mimetics-for-single-step-protein-purification
#2
Richard J Suderman, Daren A Rice, Shane D Gibson, Eric J Strick, David M Chao
The purification of functional proteins is a critical pre-requisite for many experimental assays. Immunoaffinity chromatography, one of the fastest and most efficient purification procedures available, is often limited by elution conditions that disrupt structure and destroy enzymatic activity. To address this limitation, we developed polyol-responsive antibody mimetics, termed nanoCLAMPs, based on a 16 kDa carbohydrate binding module domain from Clostridium perfringens hyaluronidase. nanoCLAMPs bind targets with nanomolar affinity and high selectivity yet release their targets when exposed to a neutral polyol-containing buffer, a composition others have shown to preserve quaternary structure and enzymatic activity...
April 17, 2017: Protein Expression and Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400756/antibody-engineering-for-pursuing-a-healthier-future
#3
REVIEW
Abdullah F U H Saeed, Rongzhi Wang, Sumei Ling, Shihua Wang
Since the development of antibody-production techniques, a number of immunoglobulins have been developed on a large scale using conventional methods. Hybridoma technology opened a new horizon in the production of antibodies against target antigens of infectious pathogens, malignant diseases including autoimmune disorders, and numerous potent toxins. However, these clinical humanized or chimeric murine antibodies have several limitations and complexities. Therefore, to overcome these difficulties, recent advances in genetic engineering techniques and phage display technique have allowed the production of highly specific recombinant antibodies...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388565/prokaryotic-expression-of-mlaa-34-and-generation-of-a-novel-human-scfv-against-mlaa-34-by-phage-display-technology
#4
Yang Zhang, Pengyu Zhang, Aili He, Yun Yang, Jianli Wang, Hui Zhang, Wanggang Zhang
MLAA-34 is a newly identified monocytic leukemia-associated antigen that is overexpressed in acute monocytic leukemia specifically, thus providing a novel target for the therapy of acute monocytic leukemia. In this study, we first expressed MLAA-34 protein in Escherichia coli (E.coli) BL21 (DE3) cells and purified it by nickel ion affinity chromatography with high purity (>90%). Then, MLAA-34 was used as antigen for biopanning anti-MLAA-34 single chain antibody fragment (ScFv) from a fully human ScFv library, and a high affinity ScFv named MA1 was selected by phage-ELISA...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374253/display-of-hiv-1-envelope-protein-on-lambda-phage-scaffold-as-a-vaccine-platform
#5
Jonelle L Mattiacio, Matt Brewer, Stephen Dewhurst
The generation of a strong antibody response to target antigens is a major goal for vaccine development. Here we describe the display of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope spike protein (Env) on a virus-like scaffold provided by the lambda phage capsid. Phage vectors, in general, have advantages over mammalian virus vectors due to their genetic tractability, inexpensive production, suitability for scale-up, as well as their physical stability, making them an attractive vaccine platform.
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373671/targeted-rescue-of-cancer-associated-idh1-mutant-activity-using-an-engineered-synthetic-antibody
#6
Shahir S Rizk, Somnath Mukherjee, Akiko Koide, Shohei Koide, Anthony A Kossiakoff
We have utilized a high-diversity phage display library to engineer antibody fragments (Fabs) that can modulate the activity of the enzyme isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1). We show that a conformation-specific Fab can reactivate an IDH1 mutant associated with brain tumors. The results show that this strategy is a first step towards developing "activator drugs" for a large number of genetic disorders where mutations have disrupted protein function.
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369551/a-novel-excision-selection-method-for-isolation-of-antibodies-binding-antigens-expressed-specifically-by-rare-cells-in-tissue-sections
#7
Simon Lykkemark, Ole Aalund Mandrup, Mads Bjørnkjær Jensen, Jesper Just, Peter Kristensen
There is a growing appreciation of single cell technologies to provide increased biological insight and allow development of improved therapeutics. The central dogma explains why single cell technologies is further advanced in studies targeting nucleic acids compared to proteins, as nucleic acid amplification makes experimental detection possible. Here we describe a novel method for single round phage display selection of antibody fragments from genetic libraries targeting antigens expressed by rare cells in tissue sections...
March 27, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367456/synthetic-peptides-as-potential-antigens-for-cutaneous-leishmaniosis-diagnosis
#8
Juliana Seger Link, Silvana Maria Alban, Carlos Ricardo Soccol, Gilberto Vinicius Melo Pereira, Vanete Thomaz Soccol
This work's goal was to research new candidate antigens for cutaneous leishmaniosis (CL). In order to reach the goal, we used random peptide phage display libraries screened using antibodies from Leishmania braziliensis patients. After selection, three peptides (P1, P2, and P3) were synthesized using Fmoc chemistry. The peptides individually or a mixture of them (MIX) was subsequently emulsified in complete and incomplete Freund's adjuvant and injected subcutaneously in golden hamsters. Sera from the hamsters administered with P1 presented antibodies that recognized proteins between 76 and 150 kDa from L...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356444/antibody-mediated-inhibition-of-tspan12-ameliorates-vasoproliferative-retinopathy-through-suppression-of-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#9
Felicitas Bucher, Ding Zhang, Edith Aguilar, Susumu Sakimoto, Sophia Diaz-Aguilar, Mauricio Rosenfeld, Zhao Zha, Hongkai Zhang, Martin Friedlander, Kyungmoo Yea
Background -Anti-angiogenic biologicals represent an important concept for the treatment of vasoproliferative diseases. However, the need for continued treatment, the presence of non-responders and the risk of long-term side-effects limit the success of existing therapeutic agents. While Tspan12 has been shown to regulate retinal vascular development, nothing is known about its involvement in neovascular disease and its potential as novel therapeutic target for the treatment of vasoproliferative diseases. Methods -Rodent models of retinal neovascular disease including the mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) and the very low density lipoprotein receptor (VLDLR) knockout (KO) mouse model were analyzed for Tspan/β-catenin regulation...
March 29, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353419/a-new-anti-mesothelin-antibody-targets-selectively-the-membrane-associated-form
#10
Kamal Asgarov, Jeremy Balland, Charline Tirole, Adeline Bouard, Virginie Mougey, Diana Ramos, António Barroso, Vincent Zangiacomi, Marine Jary, Stefano Kim, Maria Gonzalez-Pajuelo, Bernard Royer, Hans de Haard, Andy Clark, John Wijdenes, Christophe Borg
Mesothelin is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored membrane protein that shows promise as a target for antibody-directed cancer therapy. High levels of soluble forms of the antigen represent a barrier to directing therapy to cellular targets. The ability to develop antibodies that can selectively discriminate between membrane-bound and soluble conformations of a specific protein, and thus target only the membrane-associated antigen, is a substantive issue. We show that use of a tolerance protocol provides a route to such discrimination...
April 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347235/selection-of-single-chain-antibody-fragments-binding-to-the-extracellular-domain-of-4-1bb-receptor-by-phage-display-technology
#11
Salman Bagheri, Mehdi Yousefi, Elmira Safaie Qamsari, Farhad Riazi-Rad, Mohsen Abolhassani, Vahid Younesi, Ruhollah Dorostkar, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Zahra Sharifzadeh
The 4-1BB is a surface glycoprotein that pertains to the tumor necrosis factor-receptor family. There is compelling evidence suggesting important roles for 4-1BB in the immune response, including cell activation and proliferation and also cytokine induction. Because of encouraging results of different agonistic monoclonal antibodies against 4-1BB in the treatment of cancer, infectious, and autoimmune diseases, 4-1BB has been suggested as an attractive target for immunotherapy. In this study, single chain variable fragment phage display libraries, Tomlinson I+J, were screened against specific synthetic oligopeptides (peptides I and II) designed from 4-1BB extracellular domain...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346811/improved-soluble-scfv-elisa-screening-approach-for-antibody-discovery-using-phage-display-technology
#12
Mohammad R Tohidkia, Maryam Sepehri, Shirin Khajeh, Jaleh Barar, Yadollah Omidi
Phage display technology (PDT) is a powerful tool for the isolation of recombinant antibody (Ab) fragments. Using PDT, target molecule-specific phage-Ab clones are enriched through the "biopanning" process. The individual specific binders are screened by the monoclonal scFv enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that may associate with inevitable false-negative results. Thus, in this study, three strategies were investigated for optimization of the scFvs screening using Tomlinson I and J libraries, including (1) optimizing the expression of functional scFvs, (2) improving the sensitivity of ELISA, and (3) preparing different samples containing scFvs...
March 1, 2017: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346102/phage-display-derived-ligand-for-mucosal-transcytotic-receptor-gp-2-promotes-antigen-delivery-to-m-cells-and-induces-antigen-specific-immune-response
#13
Inam Ullah Khan, Jiansheng Huang, Rui Liu, Jingbo Wang, Jun Xie, Naishuo Zhu
Successful oral immunization depends on efficient delivery of antigens (Ags) to the mucosal immune induction site. Glycoprotein-2 (GP-2) is an integral membrane protein that is expressed specifically on M cells within follicle-associated epithelium (FAE) and serves as transcytotic receptor for luminal Ags. In this study, we selected peptide ligands against recombinant human GP-2 by screening a phage display library and evaluated their interaction with GP-2 in vitro and ex vivo. Selected peptides were conjugated to the C-terminal of enhanced green fluorescence protein (EGFP) and evaluated for their ability to induce an immune response in mice...
February 1, 2017: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336958/from-rabbit-antibody-repertoires-to-rabbit-monoclonal-antibodies
#14
REVIEW
Justus Weber, Haiyong Peng, Christoph Rader
In this review, we explain why and how rabbit monoclonal antibodies have become outstanding reagents for laboratory research and increasingly for diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Starting with the unique ontogeny of rabbit B cells that affords highly distinctive antibody repertoires rich in in vivo pruned binders of high diversity, affinity and specificity, we describe the generation of rabbit monoclonal antibodies by hybridoma technology, phage display and alternative methods, along with an account of successful humanization strategies...
March 24, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336957/next-generation-sequencing-enables-the-discovery-of-more-diverse-positive-clones-from-a-phage-displayed-antibody-library
#15
Wonjun Yang, Aerin Yoon, Sanghoon Lee, Soohyun Kim, Jungwon Han, Junho Chung
Phage display technology provides a powerful tool to screen a library for a binding molecule via an enrichment process. It has been adopted as a critical technology in the development of therapeutic antibodies. However, a major drawback of phage display technology is that because the degree of the enrichment cannot be controlled during the bio-panning process, it frequently results in a limited number of clones. In this study, we applied next-generation sequencing (NGS) to screen clones from a library and determine whether a greater number of clones can be identified using NGS than using conventional methods...
March 24, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328317/antiproliferative-and-apoptotic-effects-of-novel-anti-ror1-single-chain-antibodies-in-hematological-malignancies
#16
Leili Aghebati-Maleki, Vahid Younesi, Behzad Baradaran, Jalal Abdolalizadeh, Morteza Motallebnezhad, Hamid Nickho, Dariush Shanehbandi, Jafar Majidi, Mehdi Yousefi
Receptor tyrosine kinase-like orphan receptor (ROR) proteins are a conserved family of tyrosine kinase receptors that function in developmental processes including cell survival, differentiation, cell migration, cell communication, cell polarity, proliferation, metabolism, and angiogenesis. ROR1 has recently been shown to be expressed in various types of cancer cells but not normal cells. Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of single-chain Fragment variable (scFv) antibodies provide potential therapeutic advantages over whole antibody molecules...
April 2017: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315215/detection-of-food-allergens-by-phage-displayed-produced-antibodies
#17
Raquel Madrid, Silvia de la Cruz, Aina García, Rosario Martín, Isabel González, Teresa García
Phage display is a powerful tool to produce recombinant antibodies against a given antigen without animal immunization. This technology employs libraries of recombinant bacteriophages that display billions of different functional antibody fragments on their surface. They are selected by panning in vitro against the target antigen in search for specific binders. In this chapter, we describe the selection of single chain variable fragment (scFv) antibodies to be used for detection of allergenic proteins from nuts in food products...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302013/multicyclic-peptides-as-scaffolds-for-the-development-of-tumor-targeting-agents
#18
Anastasia Loktev, Uwe Haberkorn, Walter Mier
The lack of specificity of traditional cytotoxic drugs triggers the development of anticancer agents with high selectivity to tumor-specific proteins. The unveiling of target structures such as EGFR or Her2 allows the focused development of novel therapies and has strongly advanced tumor treatment. Tumor-specific high-affinity ligands can be identified by using display techniques such as phage, yeast surface, ribosome and mRNA display. These techniques enable the screening of huge libraries, consequently providing a valuable alternative to rational drug development...
March 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287337/generation-and-characterization-of-protective-antibodies-to-marburg-virus
#19
Jeffrey W Froude, Thibaut Pelat, Sebastian Miethe, Samantha E Zak, Anna Z Wec, Kartik Chandran, Jennifer Mary Brannan, Russell R Bakken, Michael Hust, Philippe Thullier, John M Dye
Marburg virus (MARV) and Ebola virus (EBOV) have been a source of epidemics and outbreaks for several decades. We present here the generation and characterization of the first protective antibodies specific for wild-type MARV. Non-human primates (NHP), cynomolgus macaques, were immunized with viral-replicon particles expressing the glycoproteins (GP) of MARV (Ci67 isolate). An antibody fragment (single-chain variable fragment, scFv) phage display library was built after four immunogen injections, and screened against the GP1-649 of MARV...
March 13, 2017: MAbs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281773/b-cell-epitopes-of-african-horse-sickness-virus-serotype-4-recognised-by-immune-horse-sera
#20
Evans M Mathebula, Frederika E Faber, Wouter Van Wyngaardt, Antoinette Van Schalkwyk, Alri Pretorius, Jeanni Fehrsen
Identifying antigenic proteins and mapping their epitopes is important for the development of diagnostic reagents and recombinant vaccines. B-cell epitopes of African horse sickness virus (AHSV) have previously been mapped on VP2, VP5, VP7 and NS1, using mouse, rabbit and chicken monoclonal antibodies. A comprehensive study of the humoral immune response of five vaccinated horses to AHSV-4 antigenic peptides was undertaken. A fragmented-genome phage display library expressing a repertoire of AHSV-4 peptides spanning the entire genome was constructed...
February 24, 2017: Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research
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