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Pyrroloquinoline quinone

Aishwarya Mahadevan, Sandun Fernando
An improved glycerol biosensor was developed via direct attachment of NAD(+)-glycerol dehydrogenase coenzyme-apoenzyme complex onto supporting gold electrodes, using novel inorganic iron (II) sulfide (FeS)-based single molecular wires. Sensing performance factors, i.e., sensitivity, a detection limit and response time of the FeS and conventional pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ)-based biosensor were evaluated by dynamic constant potential amperometry at 1.3V under non-buffered conditions. For glycerol concentrations ranging from 1 to 25mM, a 77% increase in sensitivity and a 53% decrease in detection limit were observed for the FeS-based biosensor when compared to the conventional PQQ-based counterpart...
October 31, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Chaudhari Archana Somabhai, Ruma Raghuvanshi, G Nareshkumar
AIMS: To assess protective efficacy of genetically modified Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN) on metabolic effects induced by chronic consumption of dietary fructose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EcN was genetically modified with fructose dehydrogenase (fdh) gene for conversion of fructose to 5-keto-D-fructose and mannitol-2-dehydrogenase (mtlK) gene for conversion to mannitol, a prebiotic. Charles foster rats weighing 150-200 g were fed with 20% fructose in drinking water for two months...
2016: PloS One
Chanchal Kumar, Jitendra Wagh, G Archana, G Naresh Kumar
Enterobacter asburiae PSI3 solubilizes mineral phosphates in the presence of glucose by the secretion of gluconic acid generated by the action of a periplasmic pyrroloquinoline quinone dependent glucose dehydrogenase. In order to achieve mineral phosphate solubilization phenotype in the presence of sucrose, plasmids pCNK4 and pCNK5 containing genes encoding the invertase enzyme of Zymomonas mobilis (invB) and of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (suc2) under constitutive promoters were constructed with malE signal sequence (in case of invB alone as the suc2 is secreted natively)...
December 2016: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Robert L Evans, John A Latham, Judith P Klinman, Carrie M Wilmot, Youlin Xia
The ribosomally synthesized and post-translationally modified peptide (RiPP), pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), is a dehydrogenase cofactor synthesized by, but not exclusively used by, certain prokaryotes. RiPPs represent a rapidly expanding and diverse class of natural products-many of which have therapeutic potential-and the biosynthetic pathways for these are gaining attention. Five gene products from the pqq operon (PqqA, PqqB, PqqC, PqqD, and PqqE) are essential for PQQ biosynthesis. The substrate is the peptide PqqA, which is presented to the radical SAM enzyme PqqE by the small protein PqqD...
October 2016: Biomolecular NMR Assignments
Charu Tripathi, Nitish K Mahato, Pooja Rani, Yogendra Singh, Komal Kamra, Rup Lal
Lampropedia cohaerens strain CT6(T), a non-motile, aerobic and coccoid strain was isolated from arsenic rich microbial mats (temperature ~45 °C) of a hot water spring located atop the Himalayan ranges at Manikaran, India. The present study reports the first genome sequence of type strain CT6(T) of genus Lampropedia cohaerens. Sequencing data was generated using the Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform and assembled with ABySS v 1.3.5. The 3,158,922 bp genome was assembled into 41 contigs with a mean GC content of 63...
2016: Standards in Genomic Sciences
Han-Woo Kim, Ji-Yeon Wang, Ji-Yeon Lee, Ae-Kyung Park, Hyun Park, Sung-Jong Jeon
The gene encoding a quinoprotein aldose sugar dehydrogenase (ASD) from Thermus thermophilus HJ6 (Tt_ASD) was cloned and sequenced; it comprised 1059 nucleotides encoding a protein containing 352 amino acids that had a predicted molecular mass of 38.9 kDa. The deduced amino acid sequence showed 42.9% and 33.9% identities to the ASD proteins from Pyrobaculum aerophilum and Escherichia coli, respectively. The biochemical properties of Tt_ASD were characterized. The optimum pH for the oxidation of glucose was 7...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Nathan M Good, Huong N Vu, Carly J Suriano, Gabriel A Subuyuj, Elizabeth Skovran, N Cecilia Martinez-Gomez
: Lanthanides are utilized by microbial methanol dehydrogenases, and it has been proposed that lanthanides may be important for other type I alcohol dehydrogenases. A triple mutant strain (mxaF xoxF1 xoxF2; named MDH-3), deficient in the three known methanol dehydrogenases of the model methylotroph Methylobacterium extorquens AM1, is able to grow poorly with methanol if exogenous lanthanides are added to the growth medium. When the gene encoding a putative quinoprotein ethanol dehydrogenase, exaF, was mutated in the MDH-3 background, the quadruple mutant strain could no longer grow on methanol in minimal medium with added lanthanum (La(3+))...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Bacteriology
Masahiko Nakano, Yuta Murayama, Lizhen Hu, Kazuto Ikemoto, Tatsuo Uetake, Kaoru Sakatani
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a quinone compound originally identified in methanol-utilizing bacteria and is a cofactor for redox enzymes. At the Meeting of the International Society on Oxygen Transport to Tissue (ISOTT) 2014, we reported that PQQ disodium salt (BioPQQ™) improved cognitive function in humans, as assessed by the Stroop test. However, the physiological mechanism of PQQ remains unclear. In the present study, we measured regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) and oxygen metabolism in prefrontal cortex (PFC), before and after administration of PQQ, using time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy (tNIRS)...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Zhenjun Si, Jianzhong Zhu, Wenguang Wang, Lei Huang, Peilian Wei, Jin Cai, Zhinan Xu
A novel and efficient screening method for pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) high-yielding methylotrophic strains was developed by using glucose dehydrogenase apoenzyme (GDHA) which depended on PQQ as the cofactor. Using this high-throughput method, PQQ high-yielding strains were rapidly screened out from thousands of methylotrophic colonies at a time. The comprehensive phylogenetic analysis revealed that the highest PQQ-producing strain zju323 (CCTCC M 2016079) could be assigned to a novel species in the genus Methylobacillus of the Betaproteobacteria...
July 28, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Kouta Takeda, Hirotoshi Matsumura, Takuya Ishida, Makoto Yoshida, Kiyohiko Igarashi, Masahiro Samejima, Hiroyuki Ohno, Nobuhumi Nakamura
A pyranose dehydrogenase from Coprinopsis cinerea (CcPDH) is an extracellular quinohemoeprotein, which consists a b-type cytochrome domain, a pyrroloquinoline-quinone (PQQ) domain, and a family 1-type carbohydrate-binding module. The electron transfer reaction of CcPDH was studied using some electron acceptors and a carbon electrode at various pH levels. Phenazine methosulfate (PMS) reacted directly at the PQQ domain, whereas cytochrome c (cyt c) reacted via the cytochrome domain of intact CcPDH. Thus, electrons are transferred from reduced PQQ in the catalytic domain of CcPDH to heme b in the N-terminal cytochrome domain, which acts as a built-in mediator and transfers electron to a heterogenous electron transfer protein...
August 26, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Qiaoe Wei, Tingting Ran, Chencui Ma, Jianhua He, Dongqing Xu, Weiwu Wang
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) has received considerable attention due to its numerous important physiological functions. PqqA is a precursor peptide of PQQ with two conserved residues: glutamate and tyrosine. After linkage of the Cγ of glutamate and Cϵ of tyrosine by PqqE, these two residues are hypothesized to be cleaved from PqqA by PqqF. The linked glutamate and tyrosine residues are then used to synthesize PQQ. Here, we demonstrated that the pqqF gene is essential for PQQ biosynthesis as deletion of it eliminated the inhibition of prodigiosin production by glucose...
July 22, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mitsugu Akagawa, Kenji Minematsu, Takahiro Shibata, Tatsuhiko Kondo, Takeshi Ishii, Koji Uchida
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a redox-active o-quinone, is an important nutrient involved in numerous physiological and biochemical processes in mammals. Despite such beneficial functions, the underlying molecular mechanisms remain to be established. In the present study, using PQQ-immobilized Sepharose beads as a probe, we examined the presence of protein(s) that are capable of binding PQQ in mouse NIH/3T3 fibroblasts and identified five cellular proteins, including l-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) A chain, as potential mammalian PQQ-binding proteins...
2016: Scientific Reports
Ruma Raghuvanshi, Archana Chaudhari, G Naresh Kumar
OBJECTIVE: Antioxidants, chelating agents, and probiotics are used to manage the toxic effects of cadmium (Cd) and mercury (Hg). The aim of this study was to investigate the combined effects of antioxidants, chelating agents, and probiotics against heavy metal toxicity. METHOD: Genetically modified probiotic Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN-20) producing a potent water soluble antioxidant pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) was supplemented with oral citric acid and compared with another genetically modified probiotic EcN-21 producing PQQ and citric acid against oxidative stress induced by Cd and Hg...
November 2016: Nutrition
Jianfeng Yuan, Mianbin Wu, Jianping Lin, Lirong Yang
BACKGROUND: L-(+)-tartaric acid (L-TA) is an important organic acid, which is produced from the cream of tartar or stereospecific hydrolysis of the cis-epoxysuccinate. The former method is limited by the availability of raw material and the latter is dependent on the petrochemical material. Thus, new processes for the economical preparation of L-TA from carbohydrate or renewable resource would be much more attractive. Production of 5-keto-D-gluconate (5-KGA) from glucose by Gluconobacter oxydans is the first step to produce L-TA...
2016: BMC Biotechnology
Shanying Han, Tianyu Du, Hui Jiang, Xuemei Wang
A self-assembly composite of graphene-pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) was fabricated and modified on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for sensitive detection of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). Chitosan (CTS) was applied to disperse graphene to form a stable robust film on GCE. A synergistic effect between PQQ and graphene was observed during the electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH, with about 260mV reduction in the oxidation potential and 2.5-fold increase in the oxidation current compared with those on the bare GCE...
April 27, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Xingqin Zhou, Dong Liu, Rongjun Zhang, Ying Peng, Xiaofeng Qin, Shishi Mao
The aim of study was to investigate the effects of pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) combined with d-serine on the modulation of glycine sites in the brain of rats using social recognition test. Rats were divided into seven groups (n=10) and given repeated intraperitoneal (ip) injections of saline, MK-801 (0.5mg/kg), clozapine (1mg/kg), haloperidol (0.1mg/kg), d-serine (0.8g/kg), PQQ (2.0μg/kg), or d-serine (0.4g/kg) combined with PQQ (1.0μg/kg) for seven days. A social recognition test, including assessment of time-dependent memory impairment, was performed...
July 15, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Qi Zhang, Shuhua Chen, Shu Yu, Jiaojiao Qin, Jingjing Zhang, Qiong Cheng, Kaifu Ke, Fei Ding
Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress have been implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ), a redox cofactor in the mitochondrial respiratory chain, has been reported to protect SH-SY5Y cells from cytotoxicity induced by rotenone, a mitochondrial complex I inhibitor. In this study, we aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of PQQ against rotenone injury in primary cultured midbrain neurons and in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Pre-treatment with PQQ prevented cultured midbrain neurons from rotenone-induced apoptosis, restored mitochondrial membrane potential, inhibited intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and affected microtubule depolymerization...
September 2016: Neuropharmacology
J Z Wu, J H Huang, R Khanabdali, B Kalionis, S J Xia, W J Cai
Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is linked to fundamental biological processes such as mitochondrial biogenesis and lipid metabolism. PQQ may also function as an essential micronutrient during animal development. Recent studies have shown the therapeutic potential of PQQ for several age-related diseases due to its antioxidant capacity. However, whether PQQ can promote longevity is unknown. Here, we investigate the effects of PQQ on oxidative stress resistance as well as lifespan modulation in Caenorhabditis elegans...
July 2016: Experimental Gerontology
Ian Barr, John A Latham, Anthony T Iavarone, Teera Chantarojsiri, Jennifer D Hwang, Judith P Klinman
The radical S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) protein PqqE is predicted to function in the pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) biosynthetic pathway via catalysis of carbon-carbon bond formation between a glutamate and tyrosine side chain within the small peptide substrate PqqA. We report here that PqqE activity is dependent on the accessory protein PqqD, which was recently shown to bind PqqA tightly. In addition, PqqE activity in vitro requires the presence of a flavodoxin- and flavodoxin reductase-based reduction system, with other reductants leading to an uncoupled cleavage of the co-substrate SAM...
April 22, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Piyanut Pinyou, Adrian Ruff, Sascha Pöller, Su Ma, Roland Ludwig, Wolfgang Schuhmann
Multistep synthesis and electrochemical characterization of an Os complex-modified redox hydrogel exhibiting a redox potential ≈+30 mV (vs. Ag/AgCl 3 M KCl) is demonstrated. The careful selection of bipyridine-based ligands bearing N,N-dimethylamino moieties and an amino-linker for the covalent attachment to the polymer backbone ensures the formation of a stable redox polymer with an envisaged redox potential close to 0 V. Most importantly, the formation of an octahedral N6-coordination sphere around the Os central atoms provides improved stability concomitantly with the low formal potential, a low reorganization energy during the Os(3+/2+) redox conversion and a negligible impact on oxygen reduction...
April 4, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
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