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Dermatology population based

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691768/skin-cancer-following-solid-organ-transplantation-a-review-of-risk-factors-and-models-of-care
#1
REVIEW
Matthew D Howard, John C Su, Alvin H Chong
The number of solid organ transplants has been increasing annually worldwide. Advances in transplantation surgery and community awareness of organ donation have been key contributors. Combined with increased understanding of immunosuppression, there are a growing number of solid organ transplant recipients in the community as a result of improved long-term outcomes. There remains a high incidence of deaths worldwide post-transplant due to non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC), which has greater morbidity and mortality in this population than in the general community...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663342/associations-of-chronic-urticaria-with-atopic-and-autoimmune-comorbidities-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#2
Hsien-Yi Chiu, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung
BACKGROUND: Most cases of chronic urticaria (CU) are idiopathic. Circumstantial evidence suggests that some CU cases have an autoimmune pathogenesis. Previous research indicates that a substantial percentage of patients with CU have an atopic background. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine the association between CU, and atopic and autoimmune diseases. METHODS: This population-based retrospective cohort study identified 9,332 patients with CU and 37,328 controls matched for age, sex, and number of dermatological clinic visits from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database for 2004-2009...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605398/-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-impact-of-educational-information-on-topical-photoprotection-habits-in-medical-students
#3
P Rodríguez-Zamorano, L Puebla-Tornero, L M Martín-Santos, M L Román-Villaizán, A Guerra-Tapia
OBJECTIVES: Skin cancer (melanoma and non-melanoma) is the most common cancer in humans, with melanoma being the most aggressive. Due to the fact that ultraviolet (UV) radiation exposure is the only adjustable aetiological factor, UV protection is the essential preventive measure. Based on these grounds, a study was conducted in order to compare three population groups with different levels of knowledge about UV protection, as well as to determine any differences in sun exposure habits, and the level of awareness of the damaging effects of the sun on the skin...
March 28, 2018: Semergen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599671/trends-in-basal-cell-carcinoma-incidence-rates-a-16-year-retrospective-study-of-a-population-in-central-poland
#4
Magdalena Ciążyńska, Joanna Narbutt, Anna Woźniacka, Aleksandra Lesiak
Introduction: Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most commonly occurring cancer worldwide, and the overall incidence is still rising. Unfortunately, the cancer registry in Poland does not record BCC individually. Thus, the incidence of BCC in a defined population is unknown. Aim: Analysis of incidence rates of primary BCC in central Poland during 16 years considering sex, site distribution and age to determine trends. Material and methods: We retrospectively included all cases of BCC which were diagnosed and treated in the Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Medical University of Lodz, during the 16-year period from 1999 to 2015...
February 2018: Postȩpy Dermatologii i Alergologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573271/a-study-of-skin-disease-spectrum-occurring-in-angola-phototype-v-vi-population-in-luanda
#5
David A De Luca, Ziv Maianski, Michael Averbukh
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of skin diseases in Luanda (Angola) is unknown, and publications are barely found in the literature. We aim to describe, for the first time, the frequency of skin disease spectrum in phototype V-VI Angolan population in Luanda City. METHODS: We included Fitzpatrick phototype V-VI Angolan patients who consulted the Dermatology Unit in Luanda Medical Center during a 1-year period. Medical information was recovered from the electronic database, and diagnoses were based on ICD-10...
March 24, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570708/dermatological-guidelines-for-monitoring-methotrexate-treatment-reduce-drug-survival-compared-to-rheumatological-guidelines
#6
Felien T M Busger Op Vollenbroek, Carine J M Doggen, René W A Janssens, Hein J Bernelot Moens
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate (MTX) is widely used as disease modifying treatment for psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Rheumatological and dermatological guidelines to prevent MTX-induced adverse events diverge in the number and frequency of blood tests. These differences are not based on evidence indicating a higher risk for patients with psoriasis compared to PsA or rheumatic arthritis (RA). This raises the question if multiple testing increases safety, or results in false positive signals potentially leading to early withdrawal of an effective treatment...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566917/therapeutic-challenges-in-the-mature-patient
#7
Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Anamaria Jović, Romana Čeović, Krešimir Kostović, Ivica Mokos, Branka Marinović
With the tremendous increase in the proportion of seniors in the global population, geriatric health care has become of greater interest and concern. Increased emphasis on geriatric medicine, along with the growth in the development of age-related skin disorders, has led to particular attention for geriatric, dermatology and dermatopharmacology. An aging population has brought many therapeutic challenges that we need to recognize and overcome by applying geropharmacologic principles. The purpose of this paper is to inform dermatologists of the age-related changes in the pharmacokinetics of common dermatologic drugs, their various interactions potentially occurring in the elderly, and the principles and evidence-based strategies for detection, management, and prevention to improve medication adherence...
March 2018: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534693/severe-eye-complications-from-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-following-initiation-of-nevirapine-based-haart-regimen-in-a-child-with-hiv-infection-a-case-from-cameroon
#8
Xavier Tchetnya, Calypse Asangbe Ngwasiri, Tiayah Munge, Leopold Ndemnge Aminde
BACKGROUND: Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is a rare life threatening dermatological disorder characterized by extensive epidermal detachment and erosion of mucous membranes. It is typically a side effect of some medications. Nevirapine, a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) is one of the frequently used components of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Skin rash is its common adverse reaction, usually mild and rarely progressing to TEN. Ophthalmic involvement is common as well but rarely progresses to blindness especially in the pediatric population...
March 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519145/changes-in-the-practice-patterns-and-demographics-of-ontario-dermatologists
#9
Robert Micieli, Raed Alhusayen
BACKGROUND: Changes in the practice patterns and demographics of Canadian dermatologists remain largely unknown and would be helpful in assessing the future practice of dermatology across Canada. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in the population of Ontario dermatologists over time and the factors that influence their practice patterns, caseload, and the procedures they perform. METHODS: A retrospective population-based analysis was performed using comprehensive administrative data on Ontario Health Insurance Plan insured dermatology visits and procedures from April 1, 2009, to March 31, 2015...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29508626/individual-risk-assessment-in-the-diagnosis-of-immediate-type-drug-hypersensitivity-reactions-to-betalactam-and-non-betalactam-antibiotics-using-basophil-activation-test-a-single-center-experience
#10
A Thinnes, H F Merk, G Wurpts, S Röseler, S Lehmann, K Tenbrock, J M Baron, G Balakirski
BACKGROUND: Drug hypersensitivity reactions of immediate type pose a challenging problem, especially, if standard diagnostic procedures do not lead to conclusive results. The aim of this investigation is to identify, whether basophil activation test (BAT) is able to provide additional benefit in the diagnostic evaluation of immediate type drug hypersensitivity reactions to antibiotics in comparison to the routine allergological diagnostic methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated patients, which presented to the Department of Dermatology and Allergology of the University Hospital of RWTH Aachen in Germany for diagnostic workup of type I allergic reactions to antibiotics during the period from 2009 to 2012...
March 6, 2018: Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478264/incidence-and-prevalence-of-rosacea-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
L Gether, L K Overgaard, A Egeberg, J P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: The exact prevalence and incidence of rosacea remain unknown, although it is a common condition associated with severe non-cutaneous diseases. We performed a systematic review of published literature to examine the global incidence and prevalence of rosacea. METHODS: A systematic review of population-based studies reporting the incidence and/or prevalence of rosacea was performed using three electronic medical databases, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science...
February 25, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469712/future-growth-of-physicians-and-non-physician-providers-within-the-u-s-dermatology-workforce
#12
Michael R Sargen, Lucy Shi, Roderick S Hooker, Suephy C Chen
Trends in the training, supply, availability, career decisions, and retirement of US dermatology physicians are not well delineated. The current study evaluates whether growth in the dermatology workforce will keep pace with population expansion in the United States. A dermatologist supply model was projected to 2030 drawing on data from the American Academy of Dermatology, American Medical Association, Bureau of Labor Statistics, American Association of Medical Colleges, and other associations. The clinically active dermatologist workforce in 2015 was 36 per capita (1,000,000); entry following postgraduate training was age 30 with career separation at age 65 on average...
September 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448853/risk-factors-for-positive-margins-after-wide-local-excision-of-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Thomas Jonathan Stewart, Alan Saunders
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The standard treatment for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is wide local excision (WLE). Incomplete tumor excision is associated with increased recurrence rates and mortality risk. Risk factors for positive margins after WLE of cSCC has been examined in only a few studies. We sought to assess the influence of several clinicopathological factors on margin status in the largest cSCC population to date. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of records at two skin cancer clinics identifying patients with biopsy-proven cSCC who underwent WLE...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430720/psoriatic-arthritis-screening-by-the-dermatologist-development-and-first-validation-of-the-pure-4-scale
#14
E Audureau, F Roux, D Lons Danic, M Bagot, A Cantagrel, E Dernis, N Gouyette, P Hilliquin, D Jullien, F Lioté, T Passeron, M A Richard, P Claudepierre
BACKGROUND: Dermatologists are recommended to ask psoriasis patients about musculoskeletal complaints to allow early detection and treatment of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Screening tools have been developed to help identifying patients warranting further rheumatologic assessment, but evidence suggests room for improvement in their diagnostic value and ease of use for outpatient practice. OBJECTIVE: To develop and internally validate a brief tool for dermatologists to screen patients to refer to a rheumatologist for PsA diagnosis...
February 11, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417157/-prevalence-of-dermatomycoses-in-professional-football-players-a-study-based-on-data-of-german-bundesliga-fitness-check-ups-2013-2015-compared-to-data-of-the-general-population
#15
V Buder, M Augustin, I Schäfer, G Welsch, P Catala-Lehnen, K Herberger
BACKGROUND: The prevention, early diagnosis and treatment of onychomycosis is of great importance for professional athletes to avoid physical limitations by complications. So far, there is only little data on the prevalence of dermatomycosis in professional athletes. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to detect the prevalence of dermatomycosis in professional football players compared to the general population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospective, non-interventional, controlled study on the prevalence of dermatomycosis in professional football players was carried out on football players of a German Bundesliga team compared with a previously studied, equivalently aged German working population...
February 7, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417134/opioid-prescribing-patterns-and-complications-in-the-dermatology-medicare-population
#16
Severine Cao, Ryan Karmouta, David G Li, Ryan S Din, Arash Mostaghimi
Importance: The ongoing opioid epidemic in the United States has been fueled by prescription opioids. Increases in opioid-related deaths and complications mandate clinicians in all fields to scrutinize their prescribing patterns. Objective: To characterize the current status and potential complications of opioid prescribing practices among dermatologists for Medicare beneficiaries. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study used Medicare Part D prescriber data to evaluate opioid prescriptions by dermatologists from January 1 to December 31, 2014...
February 7, 2018: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409915/efficacy-and-safety-of-topical-oxymetazoline-cream-1-0-for-treatment-of-persistent-facial-erythema-associated-with-rosacea-findings-from-the-two-phase-3-29-day-randomized-controlled-reveal-trials
#17
Linda Stein-Gold, Leon H Kircik, Zoe Diane Draelos, Philip Werschler, Janet DuBois, Edward Lain, Leslie Baumann, David J Goldberg, Joely Kaufman, Emil A Tanghetti, Nancy Alvandi, Emily Weng, David R Berk, Gurpreet Ahluwalia
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic dermatologic condition with limited treatment options. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate topical oxymetazoline cream 1.0% in patients with moderate to severe persistent erythema of rosacea. METHODS: Data were pooled from two identically designed phase 3 trials. Patients were randomized to receive oxymetazoline or vehicle once daily for 29 days and were followed for 28 days posttreatment. The primary efficacy outcome was the proportion of patients with ≥2-grade improvement from baseline on both Clinician Erythema Assessment (CEA) and Subject Self-Assessment (SSA) at 3, 6, 9, and 12 hours postdose, day 29...
January 30, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400283/extranodal-natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-nasal-type-a-spanish-multicentric-retrospective-survey
#18
Eduardo Rozas-Muñoz, Fernando Gallardo, Ramon Maria Pujol, Amparo Pérez-Ferriols, Octavio Servitje, Teresa Estrach, Jesus Bastida, Concha Román, Lucia Palacio-Aller, Inmaculada Gil, Rosa Maria Martí, David Vidal-Sarró, María Pilar García-Muret
BACKGROUND: Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (ENKTL) is an aggressive lymphoma with a very low incidence in western populations. OBJECTIVE: To review the clinicopathological features and outcome of a multicentre series of ENKTL in Spain. MATERIALS & METHODS: A multicentre retrospective study was performed based on cases of ENKTL, collected from 1995 to 2004, from 12 dermatology departments included in the Spanish Lymphoma Study Group...
February 1, 2018: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399266/a-retrospective-analysis-of-surveillance-adherence-of-patients-after-treatment-of-primary-cutaneous-melanoma
#19
Jeave Reserva, Monica Janeczek, Cara Joyce, Amanda Goslawski, Hwala Hong, Feng-Ning Yuan, Neelam Balasubramanian, Laura Winterfield, James Swan, Rebecca Tung
BACKGROUND: Melanoma surveillance serves to identify new primary melanomas and curable locoregional or early distant recurrences. Although an optimal melanoma surveillance strategy has not been determined, several clinical guidelines exist. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify demographic and clinico-pathologic variables associated with poor adherence to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) melanoma surveillance guidelines. DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed the initial five-year dermatology follow-up visit frequencies of melanoma patients and extracted basic demographic and clinical data from their medical records...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377079/incidence-of-diseases-primarily-affecting-the-skin-by-age-group-population-based-epidemiologic-study-in-olmsted-county-minnesota-and-comparison-with-age-specific-incidence-rates-worldwide
#20
REVIEW
Laurel L Wessman, Louise K Andersen, Mark D P Davis
Understanding the effects of age on the epidemiology of diseases primarily affecting the skin is important to the practice of dermatology, both for proper allocation of resources and for optimal patient-centered care. To fully appreciate the effect that age may have on the population-based calculations of incidence of diseases primarily affecting the skin in Olmsted County, Minnesota, and worldwide, we performed a review of all relevant Rochester Epidemiology Project-published data and compared them to similar reports in the worldwide English literature...
January 29, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
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