keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Schock

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416053/-treatment-of-anaphylactic-schock-in-pregnant-women
#1
Therese Simonsen Straarup, Ulla Bang
This is an update on the treatment of anaphylactic shock in pregnant women. Most guidelines recommend adrenaline as first-line treatment in all patients, but in pregnant patients some recommend ephedrine due to a potential risk of utero-placental hypoperfusion with adrenaline. However, ephedrine is a less potent vasopressor than adrenaline and does not possess the same anti-inflammatory or broncho-dilating effects. As immediate and correct treatment is essential for both the maternal and the fetal outcome, adrenaline should be first-line treatment also in pregnant women...
April 10, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390838/super-resolution-microscopy-approaches-to-nuclear-nanostructure-imaging
#2
Christoph Cremer, Aleksander Szczurek, Florian Schock, Amine Gourram, Udo Birk
The human genome has been decoded, but we are still far from understanding the regulation of all gene activities. A largely unexplained role in these regulatory mechanisms is played by the spatial organization of the genome in the cell nucleus which has far-reaching functional consequences for gene regulation. Until recently, it appeared to be impossible to study this problem on the nanoscale by light microscopy. However, novel developments in optical imaging technology have radically surpassed the limited resolution of conventional far-field fluorescence microscopy (ca...
April 5, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381542/androgens-are-differentially-associated-with-ovarian-cancer-subtypes-in-the-ovarian-cancer-cohort-consortium
#3
Jennifer Ose, Elizabeth M Poole, Helena Schock, Matti Lehtinen, Alan A Arslan, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Kala Visvanathan, Kathy J Helzlsouer, Julie E Buring, I-Min Lee, Anne Tjønneland, Laure Dossus, Antonia Trichopoulou, Giovanna Masala, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Elisabete Weiderpass, Eric J Duell, Annika Idahl, Ruth C Travis, Sabina Rinaldi, Melissa A Merritt, Britton Trabert, Nicolas Wentzensen, Shelley S Tworoger, Rudolf Kaaks, Renée T Fortner
Invasive epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most lethal gynecologic malignancy. The etiology of EOC remains elusive; however, experimental and epidemiologic data suggest a role for hormone-related exposures in ovarian carcinogenesis and risk factor differences by histologic phenotypes and developmental pathways. Research on pre-diagnosis androgen concentrations and EOC risk has yielded inconclusive results, and analyses incorporating EOC subtypes are sparse. We conducted a pooled analysis of 7 nested case-control studies in the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium to investigate the association between pre-diagnosis circulating androgens (testosterone, free testosterone, androstenedione, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS)), sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), and EOC risk by tumor characteristics (i...
April 5, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381034/dual-energy-micro-ct-with-a-dual-layer-dual-color-single-crystal-scintillator
#4
Daniel Simon Maier, Jonathan Schock, Franz Pfeiffer
A wide range of X-ray imaging applications demand micrometer spatial resolution. In material science and biology especially, there is a great interest in material determination and material separation methods. Here we present a new detector design that allows the recording of a low- and a high-energy radiography image simultaneously with micrometer spatial resolution. The detector system is composed of a layered scintillator stack, two CCDs and an optical system to image the scintillator responses onto the CCDs...
March 20, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366409/demographic-lifestyle-and-other-factors-in-relation-to-antim%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-levels-in-mostly-late-premenopausal-women
#5
Seungyoun Jung, Naomi Allen, Alan A Arslan, Laura Baglietto, Louise A Brinton, Brian L Egleston, Roni Falk, Renée T Fortner, Kathy J Helzlsouer, Annika Idahl, Rudolph Kaaks, Eva Lundin, Melissa Merritt, Charlotte Onland-Moret, Sabina Rinaldi, María-José Sánchez, Sabina Sieri, Helena Schock, Xiao-Ou Shu, Patrick M Sluss, Paul N Staats, Ruth C Travis, Anne Tjønneland, Antonia Trichopoulou, Shelley Tworoger, Kala Visvanathan, Vittorio Krogh, Elisabete Weiderpass, Anne Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, Wei Zheng, Joanne F Dorgan
OBJECTIVE: To identify reproductive, lifestyle, hormonal, and other correlates of circulating antimüllerian hormone (AMH) concentrations in mostly late premenopausal women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 671 premenopausal women not known to have cancer. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Concentrations of AMH were measured in a single laboratory using the picoAMH ELISA...
April 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346501/a-tissue-specific-role-for-intraflagellar-transport-genes-during-craniofacial-development
#6
Elizabeth N Schock, Jaime N Struve, Ching-Fang Chang, Trevor J Williams, John Snedeker, Aria C Attia, Rolf W Stottmann, Samantha A Brugmann
Primary cilia are nearly ubiquitous, cellular projections that function to transduce molecular signals during development. Loss of functional primary cilia has a particularly profound effect on the developing craniofacial complex, causing several anomalies including craniosynostosis, micrognathia, midfacial dysplasia, cleft lip/palate and oral/dental defects. Development of the craniofacial complex is an intricate process that requires interactions between several different tissues including neural crest cells, neuroectoderm and surface ectoderm...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320479/correlates-of-circulating-ovarian-cancer-early-detection-markers-and-their-contribution-to-discrimination-of-early-detection-models-results-from-the-epic-cohort
#7
Renée T Fortner, Allison F Vitonis, Helena Schock, Anika Hüsing, Theron Johnson, Raina N Fichorova, Titilayo Fashemi, Hidemi S Yamamoto, Anne Tjønneland, Louise Hansen, Kim Overvad, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Marina Kvaskoff, Gianluca Severi, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Vassiliki Benetou, Carlo La Vecchia, Domenico Palli, Sabina Sieri, Rosario Tumino, Giuseppe Matullo, Amalia Mattiello, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Petra H Peeters, Elisabete Weiderpass, Inger Torhild Gram, Mie Jareid, J Ramón Quirós, Eric J Duell, Maria-Jose Sánchez, María Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Nerea Larrañaga, Björn Nodin, Jenny Brändstedt, Annika Idahl, Kay-Tee Khaw, Naomi Allen, Marc Gunter, Mattias Johansson, Laure Dossus, Melissa A Merritt, Elio Riboli, Daniel W Cramer, Rudolf Kaaks, Kathryn L Terry
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer early detection markers CA125, CA15.3, HE4, and CA72.4 vary between healthy women, limiting their utility for screening. METHODS: We evaluated cross-sectional relationships between lifestyle and reproductive factors and these markers among controls (n = 1910) from a nested case-control study in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC). Improvements in discrimination of prediction models adjusting for correlates of the markers were evaluated among postmenopausal women in the nested case-control study (n = 590 cases)...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291836/unique-spatiotemporal-requirements-for-intraflagellar-transport-genes-during-forebrain-development
#8
John Snedeker, Elizabeth N Schock, Jamie N Struve, Ching-Fang Chang, Megan Cionni, Pamela V Tran, Samantha A Brugmann, Rolf W Stottmann
Primary cilia are organelles extended from virtually all cells and are required for the proper regulation of a number of canonical developmental pathways. The role in cortical development of proteins important for ciliary form and function is a relatively understudied area. Here we have taken a genetic approach to define the role in forebrain development of three intraflagellar transport proteins known to be important for primary cilia function. We have genetically ablated Kif3a, Ift88, and Ttc21b in a series of specific spatiotemporal domains...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290016/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-oral-contraceptive-use-and-ovarian-cancer-among-women-in-the-united-states-born-from-1947-to-1964
#9
Amy L Shafrir, Helena Schock, Elizabeth M Poole, Kathryn L Terry, Rulla M Tamimi, Susan E Hankinson, Bernard A Rosner, Shelley S Tworoger
PURPOSE: Oral contraceptives (OCs) have been consistently associated with a reduced ovarian cancer risk; however, most previous studies included women in older birth cohorts using high-dose OC formulations. We assessed OC use, including type and dose, and ovarian cancer risk among women born between 1947 and 1964 using more recent formulations. METHODS: We included 110,929 Nurses' Health Study II participants. Women reported duration of OC use and brands used from age 13 to baseline (1989) and every 2 years thereafter through 2009...
May 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250445/the-microstructure-and-micromechanics-of-the-tendon-bone-insertion
#10
L Rossetti, L A Kuntz, E Kunold, J Schock, K W Müller, H Grabmayr, J Stolberg-Stolberg, F Pfeiffer, S A Sieber, R Burgkart, A R Bausch
The exceptional mechanical properties of the load-bearing connection of tendon to bone rely on an intricate interplay of its biomolecular composition, microstructure and micromechanics. Here we identify that the Achilles tendon-bone insertion is characterized by an interface region of ∼500 μm with a distinct fibre organization and biomolecular composition. Within this region, we identify a heterogeneous mechanical response by micromechanical testing coupled with multiscale confocal microscopy. This leads to localized strains that can be larger than the remotely applied strain...
February 27, 2017: Nature Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213462/discovery-diagnosis-and-etiology-of-craniofacial-ciliopathies
#11
Elizabeth N Schock, Samantha A Brugmann
Seventy-five percent of congenital disorders present with some form of craniofacial malformation. The frequency and severity of these malformations makes understanding the etiological basis crucial for diagnosis and treatment. A significant link between craniofacial malformations and primary cilia arose several years ago with the determination that ∼30% of ciliopathies could be primarily defined by their craniofacial phenotype. The link between the cilium and the face has proven significant, as several new "craniofacial ciliopathies" have recently been diagnosed...
February 17, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205047/pre-diagnosis-insulin-like-growth-factor-i-and-risk-of-epithelial-invasive-ovarian-cancer-by-histological-subtypes-a-collaborative-re-analysis-from-the-ovarian-cancer-cohort-consortium
#12
Jennifer Ose, Helena Schock, Elizabeth M Poole, Matti Lehtinen, Kala Visvanathan, Kathy Helzlsouer, Julie E Buring, I-Min Lee, Anne Tjønneland, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Antonia Trichopoulou, Amalia Mattiello, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Elisabete Weiderpass, María-José Sánchez, Annika Idahl, Ruth C Travis, Sabina Rinaldi, Melissa A Merritt, Nicolas Wentzensen, Shelley S Tworoger, Rudolf Kaaks, Renée T Fortner
PURPOSE: Biologic evidence suggests that the Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-family may be involved in the etiology of epithelial invasive ovarian cancer (EOC). However, prospective studies investigating the role of IGF-I in ovarian carcinogenesis have yielded conflicting results. METHODS: We pooled and harmonized data from 6 case-control studies nested within the Ovarian Cancer Cohort Consortium to investigate the association between pre-diagnosis IGF-I concentrations and subsequent risk of EOC...
February 16, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188319/clinical-inquiry-do-pedometers-increase-activity-and-improve-health-outcomes
#13
Devin Schock, Jon O Neher, Sarah Safranek
In overweight and obese patients, exercise interventions using a pedometer increase steps by about a mile per day over the same interventions without access to pedometer information and are associated with a modest 4 mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure (BP) over baseline. In overweight patients with diabetes, pedometer use with nutritional counseling is associated with 0.86 kg greater weight loss than nutritional counseling alone.
January 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173834/osteoprotegerin-and-breast-cancer-risk-by-hormone-receptor-subtype-a-nested-case-control-study-in-the-epic-cohort
#14
Renée T Fortner, Danja Sarink, Helena Schock, Theron Johnson, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Aurélie Affret, Mathilde His, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Heiner Boeing, Antonia Trichopoulou, Androniki Naska, Philippos Orfanos, Domenico Palli, Sabina Sieri, Amalia Mattiello, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Petra H M Peeters, Carla H Van Gils, Elisabete Weiderpass, Eiliv Lund, J Ramón Quirós, Antonio Agudo, Maria-José Sánchez, María-Dolores Chirlaque, Eva Ardanaz, Miren Dorronsoro, Tim Key, Kay-Tee Khaw, Sabina Rinaldi, Laure Dossus, Marc Gunter, Melissa A Merritt, Elio Riboli, Rudolf Kaaks
BACKGROUND: Circulating osteoprotegerin (OPG), a member of the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B (RANK) axis, may influence breast cancer risk via its role as the decoy receptor for both the RANK ligand (RANKL) and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). Circulating OPG and breast cancer risk has been examined in only one prior study. METHODS: A case-control study was nested in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort...
February 8, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060376/induction-of-necroptotic-cell-death-by-viral-activation-of-the-rig-i-or-sting-pathway
#15
Suruchi N Schock, Neha V Chandra, Yuefang Sun, Takashi Irie, Yoshinori Kitagawa, Bin Gotoh, Laurent Coscoy, Astar Winoto
Necroptosis is a form of necrotic cell death that requires the activity of the death domain-containing kinase RIP1 and its family member RIP3. Necroptosis occurs when RIP1 is deubiquitinated to form a complex with RIP3 in cells deficient in the death receptor adapter molecule FADD or caspase-8. Necroptosis may play a role in host defense during viral infection as viruses like vaccinia can induce necroptosis while murine cytomegalovirus encodes a viral inhibitor of necroptosis. To see how general the interplay between viruses and necroptosis is, we surveyed seven different viruses...
April 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059405/mixing-behaviour-of-wpi-pectin-complexes-in-meat-dispersions-impact-of-biopolymer-ratios
#16
Benjamin Zeeb, Vanessa Schöck, Nicole Schmid, Lisa Majer, Kurt Herrmann, Jörg Hinrichs, Jochen Weiss
Particulated complexes composed of oppositely charged biopolymers were incorporated into highly concentrated protein matrices as potential fat replacers and structuring agents. A multistep procedure was therefore utilized to generate process-stable complexes, which were subsequently embedded into emulsion-type sausages, whereas macro- and microstructural properties were then assessed. Firstly, stock WPI and sugar beet pectin solutions were mixed under neutral conditions (pH 7) at various biopolymer ratios r (2 : 1, 5 : 1, 8 : 1)...
January 6, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906641/time-to-cooling-is-associated-with-resuscitation-outcomes
#17
REVIEW
Robert B Schock, Andreas Janata, W Frank Peacock, Nathan S Deal, Sarathi Kalra, Fritz Sterz
Our purpose was to analyze evidence related to timing of cooling from studies of targeted temperature management (TTM) after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest and to recommend directions for future therapy optimization. We conducted a preliminary review of studies of both animals and patients treated with post-ROSC TTM and hypothesized that a more rapid cooling strategy in the absence of volume-adding cold infusions would provide improved outcomes in comparison with slower cooling...
December 2016: Therapeutic Hypothermia and Temperature Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883139/clustered-localization-of-egfrviii-in-glioblastoma-cells-as-detected-by-high-precision-localization-microscopy
#18
Philip S Boyd, Nina Struve, Margund Bach, Jan Philipp Eberle, Martin Gote, Florian Schock, Christoph Cremer, Malte Kriegs, Michael Hausmann
For receptor tyrosine kinases supramolecular organization on the cell membrane is critical for their function. Super-resolution fluorescence microscopy techniques have offered new opportunities for the analysis of single receptor localization. Here, we analysed the cluster formation of the epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII), a deletion variant which is expressed in glioblastoma. The constitutively activated variant EGFRvIII is expressed in cells with an egfr gene amplification and is thought to enhance the tumorigenic potential especially of glioblastoma cells...
December 28, 2016: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848981/listeria-monocytogenes-sequence-type-1-is-predominant-in-ruminant-rhombencephalitis
#19
Margaux Dreyer, Lisandra Aguilar-Bultet, Sebastian Rupp, Claudia Guldimann, Roger Stephan, Alexandra Schock, Arthur Otter, Gertraud Schüpbach, Sylvain Brisse, Marc Lecuit, Joachim Frey, Anna Oevermann
Listeria (L.) monocytogenes is an opportunistic pathogen causing life-threatening infections in diverse mammalian species including humans and ruminants. As little is known on the link between strains and clinicopathological phenotypes, we studied potential strain-associated virulence and organ tropism in L. monocytogenes isolates from well-defined ruminant cases of clinical infections and the farm environment. The phylogeny of isolates and their virulence-associated genes were analyzed by multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and sequence analysis of virulence-associated genes...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834172/impact-of-new-traumatic-or-stressful-life-events-on-pre-existing-ptsd-in-traumatized-refugees-results-of-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Katrin Schock, Maria Böttche, Rita Rosner, Mechthild Wenk-Ansohn, Christine Knaevelsrud
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of trauma survivors experience an additional critical life event in the aftermath. These renewed experiences of traumatic and stressful life events may lead to an increase in trauma-related mental health symptoms. METHOD: In a longitudinal study, the effects of renewed experiences of a trauma or stressful life event were examined. For this purpose, refugees seeking asylum in Germany were assessed for posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS), Posttraumatic Stress Diagnostic Scale (PDS), anxiety, and depression (Hopkins Symptom Checklist [HSCL-25]) before treatment start as well as after 6 and 12 months during treatment (N=46)...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
keyword
keyword
91303
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"