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nationwide population study

Kyoung In Jung, Yong Chan Kim, Chan Kee Park
Glaucoma is a leading cause of loss of sight. High intraocular pressure (IOP) is the most critical risk factor. However, glaucoma develops even within a normal IOP range. Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is more common in Asia, whereas high tension glaucoma is more common in Western countries. The pathogenesis of glaucoma, especially NTG, is poorly understood. We evaluated the correlation between dietary nutrient intake and glaucoma using data from subjects ≥40 years old from the ongoing, nationwide, population-based study, the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V (2008-2012)...
March 22, 2018: Nutrients
Angel Rodriguez-Laso, Sara J McLaughlin, Elena Urdaneta, Javier Yanguas
Purpose of the Study: Using an operational continuum of healthy aging developed by U.S. researchers, we sought to estimate the prevalence of healthy aging among older Spaniards, inform the development of a definition of healthy aging in Spain, and foster cross-national research on healthy aging. Design and Methods: The ELES pilot study is a nationwide, cross-sectional survey of community-dwelling Spaniards 50 years and older. The prevalence of healthy aging was calculated for the 65 and over population using varying definitions...
March 19, 2018: Gerontologist
Anne Mette Falstie-Jensen, Søren Bie Bogh, Søren Paaske Johnsen
Objective: To examine the association between compliance with consecutive cycles of accreditation and patient-related outcomes. Design: A Danish nationwide population-based study from 2012 to 2015. Setting: In-patients admitted with one of the 80 diagnoses at public, non-psychiatric hospitals. Participants: In-patients admitted with one of 80 primary diagnoses which accounted for 80% of all deaths occuring within 30 dyas after admission...
March 19, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
Wen-Hsun Chang, Huann-Cheng Horng, Chang-Ching Yeh, Chao-Yu Guo, Yiing-Jeng Chou, Nicole Huang, Hsin-Yi Huang, Yi-Jen Chen, Wen-Ling Lee, Peng-Hui Wang
This article aims to test the hypothesis that the risk of female genital tract related cancer (gynecological cancer: GC) or breast cancer (BC) of women with chronic kidney disease (CKD) might be different from that of those women without CKD.A nationwide 17-year historic cohort study using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) of Taiwan and the Registry for Catastrophic Illness Patients was conducted. A total of 3045 women with a diagnosis of CKD from 1996 to 2013 and 3045 multivariable-matched controls (1:1) were selected...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Shao-Yuan Chuang, Pai-Feng Hsu, Fang-Ju Lin, Ya-Wen Huang, Gou-Zhau Wang, Wei-Chiao Chang, Hui-Ju Tsai
AIMS: It remains inconclusive whether the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) increases the risk of atrial fibrillation (AF), especially in middle-aged Asian populations. In this study, we evaluated the association between NSAID use and the risk of AF in a nationwide population-based study of middle-aged individuals in Taiwan. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan...
March 20, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Eboni G Price-Haywood, Wanda Robinson, Jewel Harden-Barrios, Jeffrey Burton, Todd Burstain
Background: Opioid prescription drug abuse is a major public health concern. Healthcare provider prescribing patterns, especially among non-pain management specialists, are a major factor. Practice guidelines recommend what to do for safe opioid prescribing but do not provide guidance on how to implement best practices. Methods: We describe the implementation of electronic medical record clinical decision support (EMR CDS) for opioid management of chronic noncancer pain in an integrated delivery system...
2018: Ochsner Journal
Mercilene Machisa, Simukai Shamu
BACKGROUND: Over the years, researchers have relied on data from women victims to understand the profile on male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). IPV studies with male participants in the general population are still emerging in Africa. The contribution of mental ill health to IPV perpetration in the general population that has been documented elsewhere is emergent. Notwithstanding, research with male perpetrators is essential to informing effective prevention programmes and interventions...
March 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
Sean S Rajaee, Joshua C Campbell, James Mirocha, Guy D Paiement
BACKGROUND: This study provides a comprehensive analysis of total hip arthroplasty (THA) revisions in the U.S. from 2007 to 2013. METHODS: International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes were used to identify all THA revisions in the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2007 to 2013. The diagnoses leading to the revisions, types of revisions, major inpatient complications, and hospital and patient characteristics were compared between 2007 and 2013...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Hisayoshi Morioka, Osamu Itani, Maki Jike, Sachi Nakagome, Yuichiro Otsuka, Takashi Ohida
OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors at birth that are predictive of subsequent injury among preschool children. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of population-based birth cohort data from the "Longitudinal Survey of Babies Born in the 21st Century" was performed from 2001 through 2007 in Japan (n = 47,015). The cumulative incidence and the total number of hospitalizations or examinations conducted at medical facilities for injury among children from birth up to the age of 5 years were calculated...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
Antti Mustonen, Solja Niemelä, Tanja Nordström, Graham K Murray, Pirjo Mäki, Erika Jääskeläinen, Jouko Miettunen
BACKGROUND: The association between cannabis use and the risk of psychosis has been studied extensively but the temporal order still remains controversial. Aims To examine the association between cannabis use in adolescence and the risk of psychosis after adjustment for prodromal symptoms and other potential confounders. METHOD: The sample (n = 6534) was composed of the prospective general population-based Northern Finland Birth Cohort of 1986. Information on prodromal symptoms of psychosis and cannabis use was collected using questionnaires at age 15-16 years...
April 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
Marita Crivelli, Kaspar Wyss, Leticia Grize, Barbara Matthys, Thomas Aebi, Elisabeth Zemp
OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between overweight/obesity and anemia in early childhood in Tajikistan. METHODS: Using a two-stage-cluster sampling, a representative sample of 1342 children (48.7% girls) aged 25-60 months was included in a nationwide survey in Tajikistan in 2009. Weight status was defined by age- and gender-specific body mass index, anemia by hemoglobin < 11 g/dl, according to WHO cut-off values for children, adjusted for altitude...
March 19, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
Tekin Akpolat, Mustafa Arici, Sule Sengul, Ulver Derici, Sukru Ulusoy, Sehsuvar Erturk, Yunus Erdem
Home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM), which integrates patients into their treatment program, is a self-management tool. The prevalence of home sphygmomanometer ownership and patient compliance with HBPM guidelines are not well known, especially in developing and underdeveloped countries. The aims of this study were to measure the prevalence of home sphygmomanometer ownership among hypertensive subjects through a nationwide field survey (PatenT2), to investigate the validation of sphygmomanometers and consistency of the user arm circumference and cuff size of the upper-arm device owned, as well as to compare blood pressure (BP) readings between hypertensive subjects who have or do not have a sphygmomanometer...
March 19, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Pirathiv Kugathasan, Thomas Munk Laursen, Simon Grøntved, Svend Eggert Jensen, Jørgen Aagaard, René Ernst Nielsen
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart disease increases mortality in patients with schizophrenia. This nationwide study explored short-term and long-term mortality rates in patients with schizophrenia experiencing myocardial infarction (MI) compared to controls from the general population experiencing MI, as well as patients with schizophrenia and people from the general population not experiencing MI. METHOD: A Danish nationwide cohort study including incident patients diagnosed with schizophrenia between 1980 and 2015, matched 1:5 on year of birth and gender to controls from the general population...
March 16, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Benjamin D Bray, Lizz Paley, Alex Hoffman, Martin James, Patrick Gompertz, Charles D A Wolfe, Harry Hemingway, Anthony G Rudd
BACKGROUND: We aimed to estimate socioeconomic disparities in the incidence of hospitalisation for first-ever stroke, quality of care, and post-stroke survival for the adult population of England. METHODS: In this cohort study, we obtained data collected by a nationwide register on patients aged 18 years or older hospitalised for first-ever acute ischaemic stroke or primary intracerebral haemorrhage in England from July 1, 2013, to March 31, 2016. We classified socioeconomic status at the level of Lower Super Output Areas using the Index of Multiple Deprivation, a neighbourhood measure of deprivation...
March 14, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
Joonas H Kauppila, Karl Wahlin, Pernilla Lagergren, Jesper Lagergren
PURPOSE: Centralization of surgery improves the survival following esophagectomy for cancer, but whether university hospital setting or surgeon volume influences the reoperation rates is unknown. We aimed to clarify whether hospital status or surgeon volume are associated with a risk of reoperation after esophagectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer in 1987-2010 were identified from a population-based, nationwide Swedish cohort study...
March 2, 2018: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Melanie Birks, John Smithson, Janene Antney, Lin Zhao, Camilla Burkot
BACKGROUND: Universities' responsibility to ensure academic integrity is frustrated by software and communication tools that facilitate content reuse coupled with a growing international essay writing economy. A wide range of behaviours constitute academic dishonesty and while a complex phenomenon to examine, existing evidence suggests that there is sufficient proliferation (both in volume and variety) of these behaviours among Australian university students to warrant concern. This proliferation presents faculty and staff with new challenges in ensuring academic integrity...
March 2, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Kristen Emory, Francisco O Buchting, Dennis R Trinidad, Lisa Vera, Sherry L Emery
Background: LGBT populations use tobacco at disparately higher rates nationwide, compared to national averages. The tobacco industry has a history targeting LGBT with marketing efforts, likely contributing to this disparity. This study explores whether exposure to tobacco content on traditional and social media is associated with tobacco use among LGBT and non-LGBT. Methods: This study reports results from LGBT (N=1,092) and non-LGBT (N=16,430) respondents to a 2013 nationally representative cross-sectional online survey of US adults (N=17,522)...
March 12, 2018: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Berdien E Oortgiesen, Roshna Azad, Marc H Hemmelder, Robby E Kibbelaar, Nic J G M Veeger, Joost C de Vries, Eric N van Roon, Mels Hoogendoorn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Haematologica
Yu Zhan, Yuzhou Luo, Xunfei Deng, Kaishan Zhang, Minghua Zhang, Michael L Grieneisen, Baofeng Di
A novel model named random-forest-spatiotemporal-kriging (RF-STK) was developed to estimate the daily ambient NO2 concentrations across China during 2013-2016 based on the satellite retrievals and geographic covariates. The RF-STK model showed good prediction performance, with cross-validation R2=0.62 (RMSE=13.3 µg/m3) for daily and R2=0.73 (RMSE=6.5 µg/m3) for spatial predictions. The nationwide population-weighted multiyear average of NO2 was predicted to be 30.9±11.7 µg/m3 (mean±standard deviation), with a slowly but significantly decreasing trend at a rate of -0...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
Gonçalo Forjaz de Lacerda, Scott P Kelly, Joana Bastos, Clara Castro, Alexandra Mayer, Angela B Mariotto, William F Anderson
BACKGROUND: Female breast cancer incidence rates have been increasing in Portugal for years. We, therefore, conducted the first nationwide breast cancer study to assess regional differences. METHODS: Cases were obtained from population-based cancer registries covering the country's Mainland (South, North, Centre), as well as the two Autonomous Regions (Azores and Madeira), for the time-period 1998 through 2011. Analyses were restricted to ages 30-84 years and stratified by region...
March 12, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
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