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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749616/joint-effects-of-low-body-mass-index-and-alcohol-consumption-on-developing-esophageal-squamous-cell-cancer-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#1
Yoon Jin Choi, Dong Ho Lee, Kyung Do Han, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim
Objective: In Korea, 95% of esophageal cancer (EC) was the squamous cell-type. We sought to determine the combined risk of alcohol consumption on developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in pre-diagnostic underweight subjects using Korean national data. Methods: We analyzed the clinical data from a total of 264,084 individuals aged 40 years or older, who received healthcare checkups arranged by the national insurance program, between 2003 and 2008 in Korea. Cox proportional hazards regression was used after adjusting confounding factors...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749578/a-descriptive-study-of-intentional-self-poisoning-from-new-zealand-national-registry-data
#2
Eeva-Katri Kumpula, Shyamala Nada-Raja, Pauline Norris, Paul Quigley
OBJECTIVE: Understanding which population groups intentionally poison themselves by overdose and which substances are used are key to developing prevention efforts for such injuries. This paper uses Ministry of Health (MOH) data to explore the demographic characteristics of those who intentionally self-poison and the substances used, identifies limitations of existing data collections and makes recommendations for the future. METHODS: MOH mortality data from 2000 to 2012, and public hospital presentation data from 2000-2014 of cases of intentional self-poisoning (ISP), and poisoning of undetermined intent (UDP), were examined...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749436/disparities-in-snacking-trends-in-us-adults-over-a-35-year-period-from-1977-to-2012
#3
Elizabeth K Dunford, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that snacking is contributing to increased calories in the American diet, and that the contribution of snacks to energy intake has increased in recent decades. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine trends in the energy intake deriving from snacks and food sources of snacks for US adults over 35 years from 1977 to 2012, and whether these trends differ across sociodemographic groups. METHODS: Participants included 74,291 US adults aged ≥19 years who participated in the 1977-1978 Nationwide Food Consumption Survey (NFCS); the 1989-1991 Continuing Survey of Food Intake by Individuals (CSFII), the 1994-1996 CSFII, the 1997-1998 CSFII, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2004, NHANES 2005-2006, NHANES 2009-2010 and NHANES 2011-2012; all surveys are a stratified random sample of the total civilian, non-institutionalized US population...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749369/race-ethnicity-socioeconomic-status-residential-segregation-and-spatial-variation-in-noise-exposure-in-the-contiguous-united-states
#4
Joan A Casey, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Daniel J Mennitt, Kurt Fristrup, Elizabeth L Ogburn, Peter James
BACKGROUND: Prior research has reported disparities in environmental exposures in the United States, but, to our knowledge, no nationwide studies have assessed inequality in noise pollution. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to a) assess racial/ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities in noise pollution in the contiguous United States; and b) consider the modifying role of metropolitan level racial residential segregation. METHODS: We used a geospatial sound model to estimate census block group-level median () nighttime and daytime noise exposure and 90th percentile () daytime noise exposure...
July 25, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748678/prevalence-of-self-perceived-snoring-and-apnea-and-their-association-with-daytime-sleepiness-in-korean-high-school-students
#5
Kwang Ik Yang, Jee Hyun Kim, Young Hwangbo, Dae Lim Koo, Daeyoung Kim, Kyoung Jin Hwang, Seung Bong Hong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There has been no nationwide population-based study of the prevalence of self-perceived snoring/apnea in Korean adolescents. The purpose of this study was to estimate prevalence of self-perceived snoring/apnea in Korean high-school students and to evaluate their association with daytime sleepiness. METHODS: An online survey was used to investigate 12,672 students at 75 high schools across the 15 nationwide districts of South Korea. The variables were obtained using a self-reported questionnaire...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748589/the-role-of-medical-abortion-in-the-implementation-of-the-law-on-voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-in-uruguay
#6
Verónica Fiol, Leticia Rieppi, Rafael Aguirre, María Nozar, Mónica Gorgoroso, Francisco Coppola, Leonel Briozzo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of the law that liberalizes voluntary abortion in Uruguay and enables health services to offer these services to the population. METHODS: The legal and regulatory provisions are described and the national data-provided by the Ministry of Public Health's National Information System (SINADI)-on the number of voluntary terminations of pregnancy, the abortion method (medical or surgical), and whether it was performed as an outpatient or inpatient are analyzed...
August 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748555/digitalis-use-and-lung-cancer-risk-by-histological-type-in-men
#7
Wentao Li, Shao-Hua Xie, Lap-Ah Tse, Jesper Lagergren
Lung cancer risk and tumor characteristics differ between sexes. Estrogen has been suggested to counteract lung cancer development. We aimed to test the hypothesis that digitalis use decreases lung cancer risk due to its estrogenic and other anticancer properties in men. This was a nationwide Swedish population-based cohort study between July 1, 2005 and December 31, 2013. Data on the use of digitalis and organic nitrates in all male individuals were derived from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Registry. New lung cancer diagnoses among cohort participants were identified from the Swedish Cancer Registry...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747998/community-engagement-in-sexual-health-and-uptake-of-hiv-testing-and-syphilis-testing-among-msm-in-china-a-cross-sectional-online-survey
#8
Tiange P Zhang, Chuncheng Liu, Larry Han, Weiming Tang, Jessica Mao, Terrence Wong, Ye Zhang, Songyuan Tang, Bin Yang, Chongyi Wei, Joseph D Tucker
Introduction: HIV and syphilis testing rates remain low among men who have sex with men (MSM) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Community engagement has been increasingly used to promote HIV testing among key populations in high-income countries, often in settings with stronger civil society. This study aimed to assess socio-demographic, behavioural, and community engagement factors associated with HIV and syphilis testing among MSM in China. Methods: MSM ≥16 years old who had condomless sex in the past three months were recruited nationwide to complete a cross-sectional online survey in November 2015...
2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746031/incidence-of-biliary-atresia-and-timing-of-hepatoportoenterostomy-in-the-united-states
#9
Perri C Hopkins, Nada Yazigi, Cade M Nylund
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence, trends, seasonality, and age at the time of hepatoportoenterostomy (Kasai procedure) for biliary atresia in the US. STUDY DESIGN: The triennial Health Cost and Utilization Project-Kids' Inpatient Database for 1997-2012 was used to perform a retrospective analysis of biliary atresia in the US. Infants aged <1 year of age with a diagnosis of biliary atresia who underwent a Kasai procedure were included. Nationwide infant population data were used to calculate incidence and evaluate trends...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745828/incidence-of-eosinophilic-esophagitis-in-the-netherlands-continues-to-rise-20-year-results-from-a-nationwide-pathology-database
#10
M J Warners, W de Rooij, B D van Rhijn, J Verheij, A H Bruggink, A J P M Smout, A J Bredenoord
BACKGROUND: The incidence of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has increased rapidly. Most epidemiologic data were gathered in single-center studies over a short timeframe, possibly explaining the heterogeneous incidences. AIM: The aim of this study was to retrospectively estimate the Dutch nationwide incidence of EoE over the last 20 years. METHODS: The Dutch pathology registry (PALGA) was queried to identify pathology reports describing esophageal eosinophilia from 1996 to 2016...
July 26, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744942/utilization-of-western-medicine-and-traditional-chinese-medicine-among-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-in-taiwan-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#11
C-Y Lai, M-Y Wu, J-H Chiang, M-F Sun, Y-H Chen, C-T Chang, J-G Lin, H-R Yen
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Large-scale studies of utilization of medical services among patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) are lacking. We aimed to investigate the usage of Western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) among these patients in Taiwan. METHODS: We analyzed one million samples from the National Health Insurance Research Database in Taiwan. Patients (n = 1814) newly diagnosed with AD in 2001-2010 were divided into TCM users (n = 528) and non-TCM users (n = 1286)...
July 26, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744111/the-long-term-effects-of-the-health-coaching-self-management-program-for-nursing-home-residents
#12
Yeon-Hwan Park, Sun-Hee Moon, Ji-Yeon Ha, Min-Hye Lee
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Little is known about whether a self-management program for nursing-home residents (NHR) with cognitive impairment is likely to have an impact on the care of this growing population. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of the health-coaching self-management program for NHR (HCSMP-NHR) on 1) self-efficacy and goal attainment scaling (GAS), 2) health status and quality of life (QoL) among older people, including those with cognitive impairment, in Korean nursing homes...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743922/prevalence-of-stroke-and-vascular-risk-factors-in-china-a-nationwide-community-based-study
#13
Qi Li, Hao Wu, Wei Yue, Qingqing Dai, Hui Liang, Hetao Bian, Xiaoshuang Xia, Qiuhong Ji, Ying Shen
We aimed to investigate the prevalence of stroke and related vascular risk factors in adult population aged 40 years and older in China. We conducted a prospective cross-sectional survey in nationally representative sample of 207323 individuals from all 31 Chinese provinces in 2013. Data were used to analyze the prevalence of stroke by age, sex, geographical regions and educational level. The age-standardized prevalence of stroke was significantly higher in men than in women in all age groups (P < 0...
July 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743610/epidemiology-and-comorbidities-of-patients-with-chronic-urticaria-in-taiwan%C3%A2-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#14
Chia-Yu Chu, Yung-Tsu Cho, Jhih-Hua Jiang, Eve I-Chun Lin, Chao-Hsiun Tang
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive data regarding the epidemiology of chronic urticaria (CU) in general populations are scant. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence, incidence, and comorbidities of CU in general population. METHODS: The data were sourced from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) for 2009-2012. Patients who had a primary/secondary ICD-9-CM diagnosis code of 708.1, 708.8, or 708.9 during the year with at least two outpatient visits and an antihistamine prescription, were identified as the cases of CU for each year...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743482/adult-congenital-heart-disease-in-greece-preliminary-data-from-the-challenge-registry
#15
G Giannakoulas, K Vasiliadis, A Frogoudaki, C Ntellos, A Tzifa, S Brili, A Manginas, M Papaphylactou, D Parcharidou, N Kampourides, A Pitsis, A Chamaidi, M Kolios, G Papadopoulos, A Douras, P Davlouros, D Ntiloudi, H Karvounis, A Kalangos, C Tsioufis, S Rammos
BACKGROUND: The majority of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD), nowadays, survives into adulthood and is faced with long-term complications. We aimed to study the basic demographic and clinical characteristics of adult patients with congenital heart disease (ACHD) in Greece. METHODS: A registry named CHALLENGE (Adult Congenital Heart Disease Registry. A registry from Hellenic Cardiology Society) was initiated in January 2012. Patients with structural CHD older than 16years old were enrolled by 16 specialized centers nationwide...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743475/preventive-effects-of-motorcycle-helmets-on-intracranial-injury-and-mortality-from-severe-road-traffic-injuries
#16
Sola Kim, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Kyoung Jun Song, Ki Jeong Hong, Joo Jeong
INTRODUCTION: Road traffic injuries caused by motorcycle crashes are one of the major public health burdens leading to high mortality, functional disability, and high medical costs. The helmet is crucial protective equipment for motorcyclists. This study aimed to measure the protective effect of motorcycle helmets on clinical outcomes and to compare the effects of high- and low-speed motorcycle crashes. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted using a nationwide registry of severe trauma patients treated by emergency medical services (EMS) providers in Korea...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742736/comparative-analysis-of-perioperative-outcomes-using-nationally-derived-hospital-discharge-data-relative-to-a-prospective-multicenter-surgical-database-of-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery
#17
Gregory W Poorman, Peter G Passias, Aaron J Buckland, Cyrus M Jalai, Michael Kelly, Daniel M Sciubba, Brian J Neuman, D Kojo Hamilton, Amit Jain, Bassel Diebo, Virginie Lafage, Shay Bess, Eric O Klineberg
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of three prospectively collected databases. OBJECTIVE: To compare perioperative outcomes in Adult Spinal Deformity (ASD) surgeries in a surgeon-run (SR-ASD) and two national databases: the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) and the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Much has been learned on the treatment of ASD in the last decade with prospective multicenter collaborative research focusing on this specific condition...
August 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742702/trends-on-axillary-surgery-in-nondistant-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-treated-between-2011-and-2015-a-dutch-population-based-study-in-the-acosog-z0011-and-amaros-era
#18
Ingrid G M Poodt, Pauline E R Spronk, Guusje Vugts, Thijs van Dalen, M T F D Vrancken Peeters, Marjolijn L Rots, Anne Kuijer, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen, Robert-Jan Schipper
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patterns of care in axillary surgery for Dutch clinical T1-4N0M0 (cT1-4N0M0) breast cancer patients and to assess the effect of the American College for Surgeons Oncology Group (ACOSOG)-Z0011 and After Mapping of the Axilla: Radiotherapy Or Surgery (AMAROS) trial on axillary surgery patterns in Dutch cT1-2N0M0 sentinel node positive breast cancer patients. BACKGROUND: Since publication of the ACOSOG-Z0011 and AMAROS trial, omitting a completion axillary lymph node dissection (cALND) in sentinel node positive breast cancer patients is proposed in selected patients...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741647/the-association-between-season-of-birth-age-at-onset-and-clozapine-use-in-schizophrenia
#19
J S Kim, C M Park, J A Choi, E Park, H J Tchoe, M Choi, J K Suh, Y H Kim, S H Won, Y C Chung, K Y Bae, S K Lee, S C Park, S H Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether the rate of clozapine use, an indicator of refractoriness in schizophrenia, is associated with the season of birth and age at onset in patients with schizophrenia based on nationwide data. METHODS: Patients with schizophrenia (n = 114 749) who received prescriptions for antipsychotic medication between 2008 and 2014 were retrospectively identified from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database. The study population was divided into three groups based on their age at the onset of schizophrenia (early, middle, and late onset)...
July 25, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741399/incidence-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-denmark-70-years-of-registration-1943-2012
#20
Tanja Cruusberg Weble, Jon Kroll Bjerregaard, Peter Kissmeyer, Mogens Vyberg, Carsten Palnaes Hansen, Niels Henrik Holländer, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to monitor the evolution of the incidence of pancreatic cancer in Denmark over 70 years. We also compared registrations of pancreatic cancer in a nationwide population-based database, the Danish Cancer Registry, and a clinical database, the Danish Pancreatic Cancer Database, in 2012-2013. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Registrations of pancreatic cancer from the Danish Cancer Registry over 1943-2012 were used to calculate age-specific incidence rates per 100 000 person years by sex and age in 5-year period, weighted by the Segi World Standard Population for age standardization...
July 25, 2017: Acta Oncologica
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