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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942916/protective-effect-of-coffee-consumption-on-all-cause-mortality-of-french-hiv-hcv-co-infected-patients
#1
Maria Patrizia Carrieri, Camelia Protopopescu, Fabienne Marcellin, Silvia Rosellini, Linda Wittkop, Laure Esterle, David Zucman, François Raffi, Eric Rosenthal, Isabelle Poizot-Martin, Dominique Salmon-Ceron, François Dabis, Bruno Spire
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Coffee has anti-inflammatory and hepato-protective properties. In the general population, drinking ≥3cups of coffee/day has been associated with a 14% reduction in the risk of all-cause mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between coffee consumption and the risk of all-cause mortality in patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS: ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH is an ongoing French nationwide prospective cohort of patients co-infected with HIV-HCV collecting both medical and psychosocial/behavioural data (annual self-administered questionnaires)...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941164/semi-quantitative-assessment-of-disease-risks-at-the-human-livestock-wildlife-interface-for-the-republic-of-korea-using-a-nationwide-survey-of-experts-a-model-for-other-countries
#2
J Hwang, K Lee, D Walsh, S W Kim, J M Sleeman, H Lee
Wildlife-associated diseases and pathogens have increased in importance; however, management of a large number of diseases and diversity of hosts is prohibitively expensive. Thus, the determination of priority wildlife pathogens and risk factors for disease emergence is warranted. We used an online questionnaire survey to assess release and exposure risks, and consequences of wildlife-associated diseases and pathogens in the Republic of Korea (ROK). We also surveyed opinions on pathways for disease exposure, and risk factors for disease emergence and spread...
September 22, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940547/incidence-prevalence-and-mortality-of-adamantiades-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease-in-korea-a-nationwide-population-based-study-2006-2015
#3
Y B Lee, S Y Lee, J Y Choi, J H Lee, H S Chae, J W Kim, K D Han, Y G Park, D S Yu
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of Adamantiades-Behçet's disease varies among ethnic populations worldwide. Trends in the incidence of Adamantiades-Behçet's disease have not been investigated based on the Korean National Health Insurance database. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the incidence and mortality of Adamantiades-Behçet's disease by age using nationwide population data in Korea. METHODS: A nationwide population-based cohort study was performed using the Korean National Health Insurance Claims Database from 2006 to 2015...
September 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939060/familial-aggregation-of-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-in-taiwan
#4
Shiang-Fu Huang, Jen-Hao Hsiao, Chi-Kuan Young, Hui-Tzu Chien, Chang-Fu Kuo, Lai-Chu See, Shue-Fen Luo, Lu-Hsiang Huang, Chun-Ta Liao, Tung-Chieh Joseph Chang
BACKGROUND: The incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is higher in Chinese than in Caucasian populations. Genetic, viral, and lifestyle factors may explain these ethnic differences in the incidence of NPC. In the present study, we examined the familial aggregation, heritability, and relative risks (RRs) of NPC using a nationwide database in Taiwan. METHODS: A population-based family study was conducted using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database...
October 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938447/development-and-risk-factors-of-type-2-diabetes-in-a-nationwide-population-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#5
Katrine Hass Rubin, Dorte Glintborg, Mads Nybo, Bo Abrahamsen, Marianne Andersen
Objective: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is associated with insulin resistance and obesity. Prospective population-based data regarding development and possible predictors of type 2 diabetes (T2D) in PCOS are limited. Design: National Register-based study. Methods: Patients with PCOS (PCOS Denmark and embedded cohort; PCOS OUH) and a control population with no previous diagnosis of T2D. PCOS OUH (N=1,162) included premenopausal women with PCOS and standardized clinical and biochemical examination...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938403/change-in-weight-and-body-mass-index-associated-with-all-cause-mortality-in-korea-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#6
Yang-Hyun Kim, Seon Mee Kim, Kyung-do Han, Jang-Won Son, Seong-Su Lee, Sang Woo Oh, Won-Young Lee, Soon Jib Yoo
Background: Many studies have reported conflicting evidence on the association between weight change and mortality. Objective: We investigated the association between weight change and subsequent all-cause mortality, using a large-scale population-based cohort from the National Health Insurance System health checkup data between 2005 and 2015. Methods: A total of 11,524,763 subjects aged over 20 years were included. Weight was measured every two years and weight change over 4 years was divided into eight categories, from weight loss ≥15% to weight gain ≥20%, for every 5% of weight change...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937544/trends-of-gynecological-cancers-in-turkey-toward-europe-or-asia
#7
Murat Gultekin, Irem Kucukyildiz, Mujdegul Zayifoglu Karaca, Selin Dundar, Guledal Boztas, Semra Hatice Turan, Ezgi Hacikamiloglu, Bekir Keskinkilic
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate nationwide gynecological cancer trends in Turkey. METHODS: National cancer registry data (2009-2013) of Turkish Ministry of Health were evaluated. Ovarian, cervical, endometrial, vulvar, vaginal, and tubal cancers are evaluated with respect to age of diagnosis, incidence rates within years, stage, histological distributions, and mortality rates. Data were collected from active cancer registry centers, which increased from 23% in 2009 to 47...
October 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937404/genotyping-to-prevent-rh-disease-has-the-time-come
#8
C Ellen van der Schoot, Masja de Haas, Frederik Banch Clausen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we analyzed the current literature on noninvasive fetal RHD typing to answer the question whether the administration of RhIg to prevent D-alloimmunization during pregnancy can be safely guided by fetal RHD typing. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently the first centers that implemented large-scale nationwide fetal RHD typing in the second trimester for targeted RhIg administration have published their studies evaluating the diagnostic accuracy of their screening programs...
September 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936757/vitamin-d-deficiency-affects-thyroid-autoimmunity-and-dysfunction-in-iodine-replete-area-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#9
Mijin Kim, Eyun Song, Hye-Seon Oh, Suyeon Park, Hyemi Kwon, Min Ji Jeon, Won Gu Kim, Won Bae Kim, Young Kee Shong, Tae Yong Kim
PURPOSE: We evaluated the effects of vitamin D levels and iodine intake on thyroid autoimmunity and dysfunction in the Korean population. METHODS: In this nationwide population-based study, data were obtained from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey VI-1 and 2 (2013 and 2014), which was the first nationwide survey that measured both serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and urinary iodine concentrations (UICs) in Korea. A total of 4181 participants who underwent laboratory tests for thyroid function, serum 25(OH)D levels, and UICs were included...
September 21, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935442/what-are-patient-navigators-doing-for-whom-and-where-a-national-survey-evaluating-the-types-of-services-provided-by-patient-navigators
#10
Kristen J Wells, Patricia Valverde, Amy E Ustjanauskas, Elizabeth A Calhoun, Betsy C Risendal
OBJECTIVE: A nationwide cross-sectional study was conducted to assess patient navigator, patient population, and work setting characteristics associated with performance of various patient navigation (PN) tasks. METHODS: Using respondent-driven sampling, 819 navigators completed a survey assessing frequency of providing 83 PN services, along with information about themselves, populations they serve, and setting in which they worked. Analyses of variance and Pearson correlations were conducted to determine differences and associations in frequency of PN services provided by various patient, navigator, and work setting characteristics...
August 31, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934801/increasing-rates-of-imaging-in-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-patients-implications-for-spinal-cord-stimulation
#11
S Harrison Farber, Jing L Han, Frank W Petraglia Iii, Robert Gramer, Siyun Yang, Promila Pagadala, Beth Parente, Jichun Xie, Jeffrey R Petrella, Shivanand P Lad
BACKGROUND: Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) has a high incidence following spinal surgery, is notoriously refractory to treatment, and results in high health care utilization. Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is a well-accepted modality for pain relief in this population; however, until recently magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was prohibited due to risk of heat conduction through the device. OBJECTIVES: We examined trends in imaging use over the past decade in patients with FBSS to determine its impact on health care utilization and implications for patients receiving SCS...
September 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934668/diabetes-mellitus-increased-all-cause-mortality-rate-among-newly-diagnosed-tuberculosis-patients-in-an-asian-population-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#12
Po-Yen Ko, Shi-Dou Lin, Ming-Chia Hsieh, Yu-Cheng Chen
AIMS: To investigate the effect of diabetes mellitus (DM) on all-cause mortality among patients with newly-diagnosed tuberculosis (TB) in an Asian population. We also identified risk factors for mortality in these patients. METHODS: The data were obtained from the National Health Insurance Research Database and included 9831 newly-diagnosed TB individuals and 1627 TB mortality cases in the period of 2000-2010. The mortality data were divided into a DM group and a non-DM group...
September 1, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931645/comorbidity-in-multiple-sclerosis-is-associated-with-diagnostic-delays-and-increased-mortality
#13
Anja Thormann, Per Soelberg Sørensen, Nils Koch-Henriksen, Bjarne Laursen, Melinda Magyari
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of chronic comorbidity on the time of diagnosis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and on mortality in MS. METHODS: We conducted a population-based, nationwide cohort study including all incident MS cases in Denmark with first MS symptom between 1980 and 2005. To investigate the time of diagnosis, we compared individuals with and without chronic comorbidity using multinomial logistic regression. To investigate mortality, we used Cox regression with time-dependent covariates, following study participants from clinical MS onset until endpoint (death) or to the end of the study, censuring at emigration...
September 20, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931512/childhood-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-risk-of-cancer-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort-study-1964-2014
#14
O Olén, J Askling, M C Sachs, P Frumento, M Neovius, K E Smedby, A Ekbom, P Malmborg, J F Ludvigsson
Objective To assess risk of cancer in patients with childhood onset inflammatory bowel disease in childhood and adulthood.Design Cohort study with matched general population reference individuals using multivariable Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios.Setting Swedish national patient register (both inpatient and non-primary outpatient care) 1964-2014.Participants Incident cases of childhood onset (<18 years) inflammatory bowel disease (n=9405: ulcerative colitis, n=4648; Crohn's disease, n=3768; unclassified, n=989) compared with 92 870 comparators from the general population matched for sex, age, birth year, and county...
September 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929982/comorbidity-of-autoimmune-thyroid-disorders-and-psychiatric-disorders-during-the-postpartum-period-a-danish-nationwide-register-based-cohort-study
#15
V Bergink, V J M Pop, P R Nielsen, E Agerbo, T Munk-Olsen, X Liu
BACKGROUND: The postpartum period is well-known risk period for the first onset of autoimmune thyroid disorders (AITDs) as well as first onset of psychiatric disorders. These two disorders are some of the most prevalent medical conditions postpartum, often misdiagnosed and disabling if left untreated. Our study was designed to explore the possible bidirectional association between AITDs and psychiatric disorders during the postpartum period. METHODS: A population-based cohort study through linkage of Danish national registers, which comprised 312 779 women who gave birth to their first child during 1997-2010...
September 20, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928078/a-nationwide-study-on-the-impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccination-on-antibiotic-use-and-ventilation-tube-insertion-in-denmark-2000-2014
#16
Michael Frantz Howitz, Zitta Barrella Harboe, Helene Ingels, Palle Valentiner-Branth, Kåre Mølbak, Bjarki Ditlev Djurhuus
Introduction of Pneumococcal Conjugated Vaccines (PCV) in national immunization programs have been successful in reducing the number of invasive and lower respiratory pneumococcal infections. The impact of the vaccines on upper respiratory infections caused by pneumococci is less clear although these account for most pneumococcal infections. In this study, we used likely proxies for respiratory infections in children, such as antibiotic use and ventilation tube insertions (VTI), to estimate the impact of the vaccine on a national level...
September 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927683/influenza-vaccination-and-risk-of-respiratory-failure-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-nationwide-population-based-case-cohort-study
#17
Hsin-Hui Huang, Su-Jung Chen, Tze-Fan Chao, Chia-Jen Liu, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Pesus Chou, Fu-Der Wang
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic inflammatory disease which causes a considerable disease burden. Patients with COPD are at a higher risk for influenza infection and influenza vaccination are recommended at this high risk patient group. In the current study, we aimed to evaluate the association between influenza vaccination and the risk of respiratory failure (RF) in COPD patients. METHODS: From 2001 to 2005, patients with newly diagnosed COPD were identified from the NHIRD, and were followed until 2010...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927404/food-intake-patterns-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-japanese-adults-analyses-from-the-2012-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-japan
#18
Nay Chi Htun, Hitomi Suga, Shino Imai, Wakana Shimizu, Hidemi Takimoto
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing global interest in the role of Japanese diet as a possible explanation for the nation's healthy diet, which contributes to the world's highest life-expectancy enjoyed in Japan. However, nationwide studies on current food intake status among general Japanese population have not been established yet. This study examined the association between food intake patterns and cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) such as waist circumference (WC), body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (SBP, DBP), HbA1c and blood lipid profiles among general Japanese adults...
September 19, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927190/outcomes-differ-by-first-documented-rhythm-after-witnessed-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-children-an-observational-study-with-prospective-nationwide-population-based-cohort-database-in-japan
#19
Masahiko Hara, Kenichi Hayashi, Tetsuhisa Kitamura
Aims: To evaluate and compare outcomes and impacts of delay of time to cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by type of first documented rhythm in paediatric patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Methods and results: We enrolled 3968 paediatric (aged <18 years) OHCA patients whose events were witnessed between 2005 and 2012 from a prospective nationwide population-based cohort database in Japan. We assessed and compared their neurologically favourable 1-month survival according to first documented rhythm: pulseless ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (pVT/VF), pulseless electrical activity (PEA), or asystole...
January 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927170/out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-attributable-to-sunshine-a-nationwide-retrospective-observational-study
#20
Daisuke Onozuka, Akihito Hagihara
Aims: To investigate the population attributable risk of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) from non-optimal sunshine duration and the relative contribution of daily sunshine hours. Methods and Results: National registry data of all cases of OHCA occurred between 2005 and 2014 in the 47 Japanese prefectures were obtained. We examined the relationship between daily duration of sunshine and OHCA risk for each prefecture in Japan using a Poisson regression model combined with a distributed lag non-linear model, adjusting for confounding factors...
April 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
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