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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535340/optical-binding-of-nanowires
#1
Stephen H Simpson, Pavel Zemanek, Onofrio M Marago, Philip H Jones, Simon Hanna
Multiple scattering of light induces structured interactions, or optical binding forces, between collections of small particles. This has been extensively studied in the case of micro-spheres. However, binding forces are strongly shape dependent: here, we turn our attention to dielectric nanowires. Using a novel numerical model we uncover rich behaviour. The extreme geometry of the nanowires produces a sequence of stationary and dynamic states. In linearly polarized light, thermally stable ladder-like structures emerge...
May 23, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524191/thermal-scribing-to-prototype-plastic-microfluidic-devices-applied-to-study-the-formation-of-neutrophil-extracellular-traps
#2
Arvind Chandrasekaran, Nikita Kalashnikov, Roni Rayes, Claire Wang, Jonathan Spicer, Christopher Moraes
Innovation in microfluidics-based biological research has been aided by the growing accessibility of versatile microscale fabrication techniques, particularly in rapid prototyping of elastomeric polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) based devices. However, the use of PDMS presents considerable and often unexpected limitations, particularly in interpreting and validating biological data. To rapidly prototype microfluidic culture systems in conventional plastics commonly used in cell culture, we developed 'thermal scribing', a one-step micromachining technique in which thermoplastics are locally patterned by a heated tip, moving in user-controlled patterns...
May 19, 2017: Lab on a Chip
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504937/ultrasonic-fingerprint-sensor-with-transmit-beamforming-based-on-a-pmut-array-bonded-to-cmos-circuitry
#3
Xiaoyue Jiang, Hao-Yen Tang, Yipeng Lu, Eldwin Ng, Julius Tsai, Bernhard Boser, David Horsley
In this paper, we present a single-chip 65x42 element ultrasonic pulse-echo fingerprint sensor with transmit beamforming based on piezoelectric micromachined ultrasonic transducers (PMUTs) directly bonded to a CMOS readout ASIC. The readout ASIC was realized in a standard 180 nm CMOS process with a 24V high voltage transistor option. Pulse-echo measurements are performed column-by-column in sequence using either one column or five columns to transmit the ultrasonic pulse at 20 MHz. Transmit beamforming is used to focus the ultrasonic beam at the imaging plane where the finger is located, increasing the ultrasonic pressure and narrowing the 3dB beam-width to 50 microns, a factor of 6...
May 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499995/large-scale-nonlinear-lumped-and-integrated-field-simulations-of-top-orthogonal-to-bottom-electrode-cmut-architectures
#4
Christopher Ceroici, Roger J Zemp
Capacitive micromachined ultrasonic transducers (CMUTs) promise many advantages over traditional piezoelectric transducers such as the potential to construct large, cost-effective 2D arrays. To avoid wiring congestion issues associated fully wired arrays, Top-Orthogonal-to-Bottom Electrode (TOBE) CMUT array architectures have proven to be a more practical alternative, using only 2N wires for an NxN array. Optimally designing a TOBE CMUT array is a significant challenge due to the range of parameters from the device level up to the operating conditions of the entire array...
May 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454135/fiber-surface-bragg-grating-waveguide-for-refractive-index-measurements
#5
Chupao Lin, Changrui Liao, Jia Wang, Jun He, Ying Wang, Zhengyong Li, Tianhang Yang, Feng Zhu, Kaiming Yang, Zhe Zhang, Yiping Wang
A fiber surface Bragg grating waveguide (BGW) fabricated in the surface of single-mode fiber by direct femtosecond laser inscription is demonstrated and successfully applied for refractive index (RI) measurements. Prior to laser inscription of the fiber surface BGW, an X-coupler is first inscribed across the fiber core to couple light from the core to the fiber surface. The light transmitted in the fiber surface BGW efficiently interacts with the surrounding medium due to a strong evanescent field, and obtains an acceptable RI sensitivity approaching ∼16  nm/RIU...
May 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394480/utilizing-iron-s-attractive-chemical-and-magnetic-properties-in-microrocket-design-extended-motion-and-unique-performance
#6
Emil Karshalev, Chuanrui Chen, Gregor Marolt, Aída Martín, Isaac Campos, Roxanne Castillo, Tianlong Wu, Joseph Wang
All-in-one material for microrocket propulsion featuring acid-based bubble generation and magnetic guidance is presented. Electrochemically deposited iron serves as both a propellant, toward highly efficient self-propulsion in acidic environments, and as a magnetic component enabling complete motion control. The new microrockets display longer lifetime and higher propulsion efficiency compared to previously reported active metal zinc-based microrockets due to the chemical properties of iron and the unique structure of the microrockets...
April 10, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380855/optofluidic-light-modulator-integrated-in-lab-on-a-chip
#7
Petra Paiè, Francesca Bragheri, Theo Claude, Roberto Osellame
Microfluidic lenses are relevant optical components for sensing application in lab-on-a-chip devices, guaranteeing a robust alignment of the elements, a high level of compactness and tunable optical properties. In this work we describe an innovative integrated in-plane microfluidic lens. The device shows both an optimized shape capable of reducing spherical aberrations and periodically tunable optical properties. Indeed through the combination of the lens with a droplet generator module, we have been able to obtain an integrated optofluidic modulator capable of both on-demand on/off switching and periodic modulation of light...
April 3, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375305/scalable-process-for-mitigation-of-laser-damaged-potassium-dihydrogen-phosphate-crystal-optic-surfaces-with-removal-of-damaged-antireflective-coating
#8
S Elhadj, W A Steele, D S VanBlarcom, R A Hawley, K I Schaffers, P Geraghty
We investigate an approach for the recycling of laser-damaged large-aperture deuterated potassium dihydrogen phosphate (DKDP) crystals used for optical switching (KDP) and for frequency conversion (DKDP) in megajoule-class high-power laser systems. The approach consists of micromachining the surface laser damage sites (mitigation), combined with multiple soaks and ultrasonication steps in a coating solvent to remove, synergistically, both the highly adherent machining debris and the laser-damage-affected antireflection coating...
March 10, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362750/low-loss-single-mode-negatively-curved-square-core-hollow-fibers
#9
Yang Chen, Mohammed F Saleh, Nicolas Y Joly, Fabio Biancalana
We introduce a novel design of anti-resonant fibers with negative-curvature square cores to be employed in 1.55 and 2.94 μm transmission bands. The fibers have low losses and single-mode operation via optimizing the negative curvature of the guiding walls. The first proposed fiber shows a broadband transmission window spanning 0.9-1.7 μm, with losses of 0.025 and 0.056 dB/m at 1.064 and 1.55 μm, respectively. The second proposed fiber has approximately a 0.023 dB/m guiding loss at 2.94 μm with a small cross-sectional area, useful for laser micromachining applications...
April 1, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361893/shock-resistibility-of-mems-based-inertial-microswitch-under-reverse-directional-ultra-high-g-acceleration-for-iot-applications
#10
Qiu Xu, Zhuoqing Yang, Yunna Sun, Liyan Lai, Zhiyu Jin, Guifu Ding, Xiaolin Zhao, Jinyuan Yao, Jing Wang
This paper presents a novel MEMS-based inertial microswitch design with multi-directional compact constraint structures for improving the shock-resistibility. Its shock-resistibility in the reverse-sensitive direction to ultra-high g acceleration (~hunderds of thousands) is simulated and analyzed. The dynamic response process indicates that in the designed inertial microswitch the proof mass weight G, the whole system's stiffness k and the gap x2 between the proof mass and reverse constraint blocks have significant effect on the shock-resistibility...
March 31, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333640/integrated-hifu-drive-system-on-a-chip-for-cmut-based-catheter-ablation-system
#11
Omid Farhanieh, Ali Sahafi, Rupak Bardhan Roy, Arif Sanli Ergun, Ayhan Bozkurt
Conventional High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) is a therapeutic modality which is extracorporeally administered. In applications where a relatively small HIFU lesion is required, an intravascular HIFU probe can be deployed to the ablation site. In this paper, we demonstrate the design and implementation a fully integrated HIFU drive system on a chip to be placed on a 6 Fr catheter probe. An 8-element capacitive micromachined ultrasound transducer (CMUT) ring array of 2 mm diameter has been used as the ultrasound source...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290597/femtosecond-laser-micromachining-of-compound-parabolic-concentrator-fiber-tipped-glucose-sensors
#12
Hafeez Ul Hassan, Amédée Lacraz, Kyriacos Kalli, Ole Bang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276540/rapid-fabrication-of-functionalised-poly-dimethylsiloxane-microwells-for-cell-aggregate-formation
#13
A Forget, A L S Burzava, B Delalat, K Vasilev, F J Harding, A Blencowe, N H Voelcker
Cell aggregates reproduce many features of the natural architecture of functional tissues, and have therefore become an important in vitro model of tissue function. In this study, we present an efficient and rapid method for the fabrication of site specific functionalised poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) microwell arrays that promote the formation of insulin-producing beta cell (MIN6) aggregates. Microwells were prepared using an ice templating technique whereby aqueous droplets were frozen on a surface and PDMS was cast on top to form a replica...
March 9, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272330/design-and-optimization-of-a-stationary-electrode-in-a-vertically-driven-mems-inertial-switch-for-extending-contact-duration
#14
Qiu Xu, Zhuo-Qing Yang, Bo Fu, Yan-Ping Bao, Hao Wu, Yun-Na Sun, Meng-Yuan Zhao, Jian Li, Gui-Fu Ding, Xiao-Lin Zhao
A novel micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) inertial microswitch with a flexible contact-enhanced structure to extend the contact duration has been proposed in the present work. In order to investigate the stiffness k of the stationary electrodes, the stationary electrodes with different shapes, thickness h, width b, and length l were designed, analyzed, and simulated using ANSYS software. Both the analytical and the simulated results indicate that the stiffness k increases with thickness h and width b, while decreasing with an increase of length l, and it is related to the shape...
March 7, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269276/toward-a-distributed-free-floating-wireless-implantable-neural-recording-system
#15
Pyungwoo Yeon, Xingyuan Tong, Byunghun Lee, Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Bruce Ash, Helmut Eckhardt, Maysam Ghovanloo
To understand the complex correlations between neural networks across different regions in the brain and their functions at high spatiotemporal resolution, a tool is needed for obtaining long-term single unit activity (SUA) across the entire brain area. The concept and preliminary design of a distributed free-floating wireless implantable neural recording (FF-WINeR) system are presented, which can enabling SUA acquisition by dispersedly implanting tens to hundreds of untethered 1 mm3 neural recording probes, floating with the brain and operating wirelessly across the cortical surface...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269275/development-of-a-brain-monitoring-system-for-multimodality-investigation-in-awake-rats
#16
Kanokwan Limnuson, Raj K Narayan, Amrit Chiluwal, Chad Bouton, Ping Wang, Chunyan Li
Multimodal brain monitoring is an important approach to gain insight into brain function, modulation, and pathology. We have developed a unique micromachined neural probe capable of real-time continuous monitoring of multiple physiological, biochemical and electrophysiological variables. However, to date, it has only been used in anesthetized animals due to a lack of an appropriate interface for awake animals. We have developed a versatile headstage for recording the small neural signal and bridging the sensors to the remote sensing units for multimodal brain monitoring in awake rats...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268901/a-flexible-parylene-probe-for-in-vivo-recordings-from-multiple-subregions-of-the-rat-hippocampus
#17
Huijing Xu, Ahuva Weltman, Min-Chi Hsiao, Kee Scholten, Ellis Meng, Theodore W Berger, Dong Song
The hippocampus is crucial to the formation of long-term memory and declarative memory. It is divided into three sub-fields the CA1, the CA3 and the DG. To understand the neuronal circuitry within the hippocampus and to study the role of the hippocampus in memory function requires the collection of neural activities from multiple subregions of the hippocampus simultaneously. Micro-wire electrode arrays are commonly used as an interface with neural systems. However, recording from multiple deep brain regions with curved anatomical structures such as the thin cell body layers of the hippocampus requires the micro-wires to be arranged into a highly accurate, complex layout that is difficult to fabricated manually...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227511/toward-a-distributed-free-floating-wireless-implantable-neural-recording-system
#18
Pyungwoo Yeon, Xingyuan Tong, Byunghun Lee, Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Bruce Ash, Helmut Eckhardt, Maysam Ghovanloo, Pyungwoo Yeon, Xingyuan Tong, Byunghun Lee, Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Bruce Ash, Helmut Eckhardt, Maysam Ghovanloo, Maysam Ghovanloo, Byunghun Lee, Bruce Ash, Xingyuan Tong, Pyungwoo Yeon, Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Helmut Eckhardt
To understand the complex correlations between neural networks across different regions in the brain and their functions at high spatiotemporal resolution, a tool is needed for obtaining long-term single unit activity (SUA) across the entire brain area. The concept and preliminary design of a distributed free-floating wireless implantable neural recording (FF-WINeR) system are presented, which can enabling SUA acquisition by dispersedly implanting tens to hundreds of untethered 1 mm(3) neural recording probes, floating with the brain and operating wirelessly across the cortical surface...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227509/development-of-a-brain-monitoring-system-for-multimodality-investigation-in-awake-rats
#19
Kanokwan Limnuson, Raj K Narayan, Amrit Chiluwal, Chad Bouton, Ping Wang, Chunyan Li, Kanokwan Limnuson, Raj K Narayan, Amrit Chiluwal, Chad Bouton, Ping Wang, Chunyan Li, Chunyan Li, Ping Wang, Kanokwan Limnuson, Amrit Chiluwal, Raj K Narayan, Chad Bouton
Multimodal brain monitoring is an important approach to gain insight into brain function, modulation, and pathology. We have developed a unique micromachined neural probe capable of real-time continuous monitoring of multiple physiological, biochemical and electrophysiological variables. However, to date, it has only been used in anesthetized animals due to a lack of an appropriate interface for awake animals. We have developed a versatile headstage for recording the small neural signal and bridging the sensors to the remote sensing units for multimodal brain monitoring in awake rats...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227102/a-flexible-parylene-probe-for-in-vivo-recordings-from-multiple-subregions-of-the-rat-hippocampus
#20
Huijing Xu, Ahuva Weltman, Min-Chi Hsiao, Kee Scholten, Ellis Meng, Theodore W Berger, Dong Song, Huijing Xu, Ahuva Weltman, Min-Chi Hsiao, Kee Scholten, Ellis Meng, Theodore W Berger, Dong Song, Ellis Meng, Dong Song, Min-Chi Hsiao, Theodore W Berger, Ahuva Weltman, Kee Scholten, Huijing Xu
The hippocampus is crucial to the formation of long-term memory and declarative memory. It is divided into three sub-fields the CA1, the CA3 and the DG. To understand the neuronal circuitry within the hippocampus and to study the role of the hippocampus in memory function requires the collection of neural activities from multiple subregions of the hippocampus simultaneously. Micro-wire electrode arrays are commonly used as an interface with neural systems. However, recording from multiple deep brain regions with curved anatomical structures such as the thin cell body layers of the hippocampus requires the micro-wires to be arranged into a highly accurate, complex layout that is difficult to fabricated manually...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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